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Pakistan belongs to subtropical countries of the world, having harsh weathering conditions. Hot and humid storage conditions favor fungal growth especially Aspergillus flavus which produce aflatoxins in food commodities. Aflatoxins are secondary metabolites produced in cereals and cause mutagenesis, teratogensis, multiple types of cancers and sever...
Article
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In the presented work, the mycobiota of several medicinal plants that make up the flora of Azerbaijan was studied in order to create basic information for the development of principles of mycological safety of their use. The results showed that the mycobiota of the studied plants is rich in species composition, since 186 species are involved in the...
Chapter
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(Polish) Celem pracy była ocena skażenia mykologicznego materiałów papierowych przechowywanych w 10 archiwach zlokalizowanych w trzech polskich miastach oraz potencjalnego wpływu zidentyfikowanych drobno-ustrojów na zdrowie pracowników tych instytucji. W badanych archiwach wybrano losowo 78 dokumentów papierowych, które poddano ocenie mykologiczneg...
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Background Emergomycosis, histoplasmosis, sporotrichosis and blastomycosis are endemic to southern Africa; the first two are AIDS-related mycoses. We described laboratory-diagnosed cases of endemic and imported mycoses in South Africa over a decade and discuss available diagnostic tools, reasons for the current under-estimation of cases and future...
Book
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Nature is one of the greatest gifts to human life. Environment study and awareness play important role in conservation. This book Environment Conservation, Challenges Threats Relation Of Climate Change with Diseases, Eco-Friendly Energy Resources, Air Pollution's, Environmental And Health Effects, Threats in Conservation of Biodiversity in India...
Article
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Rapid and reliable fungal identification is crucial to delineate infectious diseases, and to establish appropriate treatment for onychomycosis. Compared to conventional diagnostic methods, molecular techniques are faster and feature higher accuracy in fungal identification. However, in current clinical practice, molecular mycology is not widely ava...
Article
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Chromoblastomycosis (CBM) is a chronic fungal infection of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues caused by brown pigmented fungi. Fonsecaea monophora is one of the most common pathogens of CBM in China. Most formal cases have been reported from Southern China, however, the infection is not uncommon in Eastern China where very few case series are a...
Article
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Zea mays one of the most important grains produced in Babylon province of Iraq incidences of contaminated seeds with toxigenic fungi were investigated in Babylon maize in 2016 from four Locations (centres (of accumelation corn seeds) namely medhateia, Babil, mussaieb and Locally markets, present study included Identificate the mycoflora of maize in...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Pulmonary fungal infections are life-threatening diseases, if not diagnosed and properly treated can lead to serious complications. In chronic cases, the condition might mimic tuberculosis and may be misdiagnosed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the frequency o...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Fungal sinusitis is a common problem worldwide with an increasing burden in arid climate regions. Clinical presentations of the disease range from allergic to acute invasive or chronic forms. In the present study, we aim to identify the etiology of fungal sinusitis in an arid clim...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Aspergillus is a ubiquitous fungus in the Indian environment. Spores are constantly circulating in hospital and community environments alike. Infections like COVID-19 which affect not only innate immune system but also lead to local immune-compromization especially in the respirat...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To report a case of hepatic abscess caused by Candida albicans, which is a less common cause of hepatic abscesses in a non-onco-hematologic population. Fungal infections represent <2% of the total isolates in pus from hepatic abscesses in patients without onco-hematologic malignan...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To study the CD45RA (naive) and CD45RO (memory) in CD4 + T cell population after in vitro stimulation to Aspergillus flavus antigen in CRSwNP patients and healthy controls. Methods The study included 30 cases of CRSwNP (before and after six months of treatment) and 30 healthy con...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Pseudallescheria boydii keratitis is rare but important type of fungal keratitis because of the inherently resistance of the organism to many existing antifungal agents. We present the clinical characteristics, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis of patients with P. boydii kera...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To determine the pre and post-fumigation prevalence of fungi in the Orthopedic Operation Theatre of a tertiary care hospital and characterization of fungal isolates. Method: This is a prospective environmental, analytical study conducted from July 2021 to January 2022. Pre- and po...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Inform the general practitioner and orthopedists of the possibilities of bone infections secondary to sporotrichosis unrelated to the classic finding of contiguous lymphocutaneous ulcers Methods This is a single-center, cross-sectional, retrospective study with patients evaluated...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To study the IL-23R (Th17) and CD25+ (Treg) in CD4 + T cell populations in rhino-orbital mucormycosis post-COVID-19 patients and in healthy controls. Methods The study included 20 cases of mucormycosis and 20 healthy controls. Nasal crust, collected post-surgery was subjected to...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Sporotrichosis is a neglected endemic implantation (subcutaneous) mycosis caused by different species of Sporothrix spp. Since the 1990s, cat-transmitted sporotrichosis (CTS) by Sporothrix brasiliensis has emerged as an important zoonosis in Brazil, being a public health issue. Th...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate galactomannan enzyme assay in non-hematological ICU patients for diagnosis of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis as per EORTC criteria 2019. Methods Galactomannan detection in serum samples was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assa...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Lobomycosis (lacaziosis) is a chronic subcutaneous disease caused by the uncultivated fungus Lacazia loboi. The disease was first described in 1931 by Jorge Lobo in Brazil and has been reported in South and Central America. Lobomycosis is a rare disease that affects certain geographic regions...
Article
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S6.4 One health approach for endemic mycoes in the Americas, September 22, 2022, 4:45 PM - 6:15 PM Objective: To present a series of cases of primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis, to highlight this mycosis that can start as cutaneous implantation, after trauma, and to emphasize the classification criteria. Methods A series of cases of primary cuta...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Background Mucormycosis is a deadly fungal infection that emerges in patients affected with COVID-19. All fungal illnesses are caused by dysregulated adaptive immunity, but Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) have added a new dimension to the chronic inflammatory response. Objective We...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Introduction: Pythium is an oomycete found in an aquatic environment and is considered to be a plant pathogen. However, it is able to cause ocular and systemic infections in humans and animals. Keratitis or corneal ulceration caused by Pythium species closely resembles fungal keratitis and is...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To discuss the occurrence and diagnosis of dematiaceous fungi as a causative organisms of fungal sinusitis in patients at a tertiary care center in North India. Since there is limited data on its prevalence, this study was aimed to know the non-Aspergillus causes of fungal sinusit...
Conference Paper
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives We aim to assess the clinical utility of the semi-nested conventional PCR in smear positive, culture-negative clinical samples for diagnosis of mucormycosis. Methods This prospective study was conducted for a period of 3 months (April-June 2021). A total of 218 clinical samples w...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is a slow and progressive lung disease that occurs in apparently immune-competent patients. Pulmonary tuberculosis is considered to be a major predisposing factor. Early diagnosis of the condition can improve morbidity and mortality. As the number o...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective To determine the role of biofilm production in dermatophytic isolates from tinea infections of recalcitrant skin lesions of study patients. Methods An observational study conducted in UCMS and GTB Hospital Delhi, in forty clinically diagnosed and mycologically confirmed cases of r...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Bats can be affected by fungal pathogens such as Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of the white-nose syndrome. Their body surface can also be colonized by fungal commensals or carry transient fungal species and participate in their dispersal. The present study aimed to assess...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective Fungal respiratory infections are being recognized with increasing frequency in parallel with an expanding population of immunocompromised patients. In most cases, colonization is the first step in the progression to pulmonary fungal infection. This study was designed to evaluate t...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Mucormycosis is a devastating infection caused by Mucorales order ubiquitously existing in the environment. Cerebral mucormycosis, the mortal manifested type of brain infection, is commonly seen in association with deep immunocompromised status. Despite lethality of brain mucormyc...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Background and Objective: Molds are emerging as a major cause of life-threatening infections in immunocompromised patients. There is an increasing recognition of the cryptic Aspergillus species, which are organisms that are morphologically indistinguishable yet can be differentiated by molecu...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis (IPA) is a relevant opportunistic disease among neutropenic patients with hematological diseases. Besides them, studies have been showing that critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICU), mainly those infected by respiratory virus such as SARS-CoV-2...
Article
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S2.2 Histoplasmosis and talaromycosis, September 21, 2022, 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Talaromycosis is an infection caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei). It is endemic in tropical countries of Asia and Southeast Asia and has recently been recognized far beyond the traditional endemic areas. Talaromycosis was thought...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective To assess the burden of fungal etiology of clinically suspected mycotic keratitis amongst the patient presented to the Ophthalmology department in a tertiary care hospital in Chhattisgarh. Methods This is a laboratory-based retrospective study of the corneal scrapings received for...
Article
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S5.4 Free oral paper session, September 22, 2022, 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Objectives Analysis of the cutaneous manifestations in patients with deep fungal infections to provide a basis for clinical differentiation and diagnosis. Method: Patients who presented to our hospital from 2016 to 2021, were definitively diagnosed with deep fungal infections by h...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: To classify five fungi types using two different deep learning approaches and three different convolutional neural network models, VGG16, Inception V3, and ResNet50. Method: A mycological laboratory in Colombia donated the images used for the development of this research work. They...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Introduction: Opportunistic fungal infections are on the rise due to a changing healthcare paradigm worldwide. India is the second most populated country in the world and is experiencing an upward trend in fungal lung diseases. Objective: Rapid diagnosis of respiratory mold infections by dire...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: We aimed to report cases of favus in southeast China in the last 15 years and evaluate clinical and epidemiological characteristics of them, and review the cases reported in the past 10 years worldwide. Methods Analyze the basic information, lesion characteristics, disease course,...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To evaluate the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on the incidence of Candida auris invasive infections at a national level. Methods This is a laboratory-based, three years-period retrospective study. The demographic and mycological data were obtained from the...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Inform the general practitioner about the possibilities of atypical manifestations secondary to sporotrichosis, such as ocular manifestations, unrelated to the classic finding of contiguous lymphocutaneous ulcers. Methods This is a single-center, cross-sectional, retrospective st...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Methods A total of 50 consecutive leftover samples (30 blood and 20 BAL) received for testing by Galactomannan assay by ELISA method were included. LFA and ELISA were performed as per manufacturers’ instructions. Results were recorded using the Digital Reader provided which gives...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective To describe the first case report of Madurella fahalii from India. Methods A 70-year-old non-diabetic man from Bhadrak Odisha who worked as a soldier in past came to us with a history of pus discharge containing black grains the size of mustard seeds from multiple sinuses in the p...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods, and therapies received in patients with onychomycosis confirmed due to Neoscytalidium spp, who attended the San José Hospital and the Medical Mycology Laboratory for 1 year, in order to get a better...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To present a case series of entomophthoromycosis (a rare fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue with a protracted and chronic clinical evolution), which would aid in the early recognition and management of this condition. Materials and Methods A total of 7 laborator...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives The role of Candida in sputum culture is unclear and is generally not treated when present in sputum samples. The objective of this study is to describe the clinical findings of patients with Candida spp. in sputum and their antifungal susceptibility pattern to know the local epid...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives The evaluation of serum β-D-glucan, galactomannan, and Aspergillus fumigatus specific IgG in the diagnosis and clinical management of patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Methods Consecutive patients with a past history of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) with clinical susp...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Feline and zoonotic sporotrichosis has been described since the 1990s in the Rio Grande do Sul state (RS), southern Brazil. In reported cases, this region has the second-highest number of cases proven due to Sporothrix brasiliensis in the country. Objective: We update the current situation of...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Background: Acute pancreatitis is often complicated by infection of peri-pancreatic necrotic tissue. The infectious etiology commonly involves gram negative enteric bacilli and enterococci. Role of Candida species has remained debatable, despite being isolated in pure or mixed cultures in spe...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is a common complication of tuberculosis. Previous studies on CPA in TB had involved general TB patients with a majority not bacteriologically proven. Although, ruling out evidence of TB is critical in diagnostic algorithms for CPA, in rare ca...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives To present details of a case series of fungal co-infection (aspergillosis and mucormycosis) including clinical course, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. Methods Clinical histories of 7 cases of fungal co-infection (3 pulmonary, 4 rhino-orbito-cerebral or sino-nasal) w...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM 1 Department of Microbiology All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal 2 Department of General Medicine All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal 3 Department of Dermatology and Venereology All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal Objectives: Methods A group of 15 members...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: The main objective of this study was to design and develop a detection system based on qRT-PCR that can quickly and accurately identify the pathogenic fungi of tinea capitis, in order to improve the diagnostic ability of tinea capitis. Methods Results: Conclusions: The seven singl...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM During the second wave of COVID-19 in India, there was a deluge in Mucormycosis cases; which posed a serious threat as both conditions require extended hospital stay thus serving as an ideal setting for secondary infections. Objectives 1. To ascertain the prevalence and anti-microbial profil...
Article
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S6.5 Efforts of improving the management of mycetoma: working towards the 2030 goals, September 22, 2022, 4:45 PM - 6:15 PM Background: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease that is caused either by bacteria or fungi. The diagnosis of species is important to guide the therapeutic management of patients particularly for white and...
Article
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S1.4 Fungal infections in Asia, bringing it out of the dark, September 21, 2022, 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Background: Routine laboratory testing for cryptococcal meningitis currently consists of Cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) testing in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), CSF India ink, and CSF fungal culture. Quantitative cryptococcal culture (QCC) is la...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Background and Objectives To determine the relation between disease spectrum, etiology, and immunological markers of fungal rhinosinusitis. Material and Methods Diagnostic nasal endoscopy was used for the collection of sinus and nasal tissue samples which were processed as per standard myco...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Candida species, as the main component of human mycobiome, are the most common cause of fungal infections in intensive care units (ICU). ICU patients with COVID-19 are more prone to fungal infections, due to various causes like mechanical ventilation, use of steroids, or long-term...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Tinea incognito (TI) occurring on the face is the most frequently misdiagnosed cutaneous fungal infection; however, very limited information is available on facial TI. This study aimed to characterize the clinical, dermoscopic, and mycological features of facial TI. Methods We re...
Article
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S5.5 Genomic epidemiology of fungal infections, September 22, 2022, 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Introduction: The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to 663 426 reported cases and 16 506 deaths as of May 5, 2022, in Sri Lanka recording the worst pandemic of the modern era. Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) associated muco...
Article
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S8.2 What is new in pediatric mycology?, September 23, 2022, 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM Invasive Candida infections are a cause of increased morbidity and excessive mortality in immunocompromised and critically ill patients including premature neonates. In the pediatric setting, they are more frequent in the neonatal intensive care unit (ICU), in the pediat...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Invasive mycoses kill more than one million people every year. The disease burden of mycoses has increased over the last 20 years and the importance of fungal disease is expected to keep increasing in the years to come. One of these mycoses, histoplasmosis, a disease caused by species of dimo...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Introduction and Objective Dermatophytes are a common cause of cutaneous infections that affect a large number of healthy individuals throughout their lives. Although such infections are classically benign, they have a negative impact on patient’s physical and psychological health. We aim to...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective: To study the fungal etiology, clinical, and epidemiological profile of suspected mucormycosis in post-COVID patients. Methods A prospective observational study was undertaken over a period of 10 months from March to December 2021. A total of 175 biopsy samples were collected from...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Sporotrichosis due to Sporothrix brasiliensis is an emerging and neglected disease in Brazil. Domestic cats are susceptible to a severe presentation of this mycosis, carrying a high fungal load in their lesions. They frequently infect other animals and even humans by scratches and/or bites. T...
Article
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Poster session 2, September 22, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objective Phaeohyphomycosis refers to infections due to a large group of heterogenous organisms called ‘dematiaceous’ or ‘melanized’ fungi. The infection exhibits a wide spectrum of presentations such as deep local infections, pulmonary infection, cerebral infection, and disseminated disease...
Article
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Candidemia is caused by Candida species which has become a common cause of fungal infection in the bloodstream infection throughout the world. In hematological malignancies, patients have a high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Candidemia. Aim: To identify Candidemia in immunocompromise...
Article
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Poster session 1, September 21, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives Tinea capitis is a relatively common disease, and the mycological examination is the gold standard for diagnosis. However, the probability of false negative on the KOH test is up to 40% and culture examination takes a long time for diagnosis. The characteristic pattern of dermosco...
Article
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Invasive fungal infection is a major threat to chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. We present a rare case of invasive mycosis in a CGD boy. An 11-year-old preadolescent boy presented with fever, hypoxia, and dyspnea. Physical examination revealed left neck enlarged lymph nodes with healed scars. e chest revealed bilateral diminished air e...
Article
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A taxonomic and nomenclatural study of Psathyrella lepidotoides and P. populina, two species frequently confused in the European mycological literature, is performed. According to their morphological, molecular, and ecological characteristics, we conclude that both species are clearly distinguised and that, in addition, they should be included in t...
Article
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Introduction: In order to keep their dentures clean and properly stored, patients generally soak them in water at night. Candida albicans is a commensal yeast fungus that colonizes dentures, and in some conditions, it becomes an opportunistic pathogen and causes fungal infections known as candidiasis. Objective: This pilot study aimed to evaluate t...
Research
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Mycology