Science topic

Mustelidae - Science topic

A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
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Publications related to Mustelidae (10,000)
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First Record of the Arabian Ratel or Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis pumilio Pocock, 1946) in the United Arab Emirates. التسجيل الأول للظربان العربي (غُرير العسل ، غُريراء العسل ، آكل العسل ، ضرنبول) في دولة الإمارات العربية المُتحدة By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz...
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The Ratel or Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis Schreber, 1776) in the Levant, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. الظربان (غُرير العسل ، غُريراء العسل ، آكل العسل ، ضرنبول) في بلاد الشام والعِراق وشِبه الجزيرة العربية By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa....
Article
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The Persian Ratel or Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis wilsoni Cheesman, 1920) in Palestine, and a review of its distribution in the northern Arabian Peninsula. By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa. Abstract: The Persian Ratel or Honey Badger (Mellivor...
Article
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In two “départements” in the South-West of France, bovine tuberculosis (bTB) outbreaks due to Mycobacterium bovis spoligotype SB0821 have been identified in cattle since 2002 and in wildlife since 2013. Using whole genome sequencing, the aim of our study was to clarify badger contribution to bTB transmission in this area. We used a Bayesian evoluti...
Article
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Rare Records of the Persian or Caucasian Badger (Meles meles canescens Blanford, 1875) from the Gaza Strip, and a review of its distribution in Palestine and the northern Arabian Peninsula. By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa. Abstract: Some rare r...
Article
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The first stage in designing an efficient solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) model is to accurately determine its unknown parameters. The modeling and analysis of the steady-state and dynamic responses of SOFC models require precise and reliable parameter identification. As a result, this paper proposes four novel metaheuristic optimization algorithms to...
Article
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The accurate arithmetical models of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules plays a vital role in the performance, operation, and control of the PV systems as a part of renewable generation. Therefore, the proposed paper develops a novel robust Honey Badger Algorithm (HBA) and African Vulture Optimization algorithm (AVOA) that have been utilized for deduci...
Article
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Animal conservation requires understanding animal-habitat relationships. The integration of novel remote sensing platforms such as Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology has dramatically improved the resolution of insight when evaluating animal-habitat relationships by characterizing forest structure. However, conventional LiDAR collection...
Article
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This paper proposes a modified honey badger algorithm (MHBA) for solving the optimal power flow (OPF) problem. This problem is a highly non-linear, non-convex and complex optimization problem with several decision variables and constraints. The original honey badger algorithm (HBA) has the problem of trapping in local optima due to the loss of popu...
Presentation
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High-throughput plant phenotyping in field conditions using proximal sampling is useful to support agricultural research by the encoding of plant genetic response to environment and management influence. Proximal Sensing Carts employed by the USDA in Maricopa Plant Group Phenotyping Team have successfully measured multiple plant traits and environm...
Article
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Histoplasmosis has been previously diagnosed in animals from Europe. The aim of this study is to review the literature on these reports, to analyze cases diagnosed at our laboratory (2000-2022) and to improve molecular typing of Histoplasma capsulatum directly from tissue to study the molecular epidemiology of Histoplasma capsulatum causing animal...
Article
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Green Infrastructure (GI) is gaining wide recognition in cooperative research projects seeking to find solutions for climate adaptation in urbanized areas. However, the potential effects of co-produced GI plans and the underlying preparation process are rarely evaluated. To bridge this gap, the aim of this article is to examine what works in addres...
Article
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Five species of Mustelidae are known to occur in Paraguay-Tayra Eira barbara, Lesser Grison Galictis cuja, Greater Grison Galictis vittata, Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis and Neotropical Otter Lontra longicaudis. However, Paraguayan data regarding the distribution and status of these species in Paraguay is not easily obtainable, and scattered a...
Article
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Mammalian carnivores with generalist feeding behaviour should trace and exploit new and predictable food resources quicker and more easily than more specialised species. On the other hand, if the new food resource is spatially and temporally predictable, interference or exploitation competition should arise among members of the carnivore guild, wit...
Article
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South of the town of Hilversum, The Netherlands, remained a small isolated population of badgers in 1983. Improved protection and, possibly, a few reintroductions made this population grow steadily in the following four decades. The number of occupied main setts grew from a only 5 setts in the 1980s to 137 in 2021 and the number of badgers from a d...
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Only seven publications, citing 38 specimens from nine sites, have provided taxonomic or faunistic data on the order Opiliones for Menorca Island. It resulted in a list of four species: Metaphalangium cirtanum (C.L. Koch, 1839), Homalenotus buch-neri (Schenkel, 1936), Histricostoma argenteolunulatum (Canestrini, 1875) and Dicranolasma soerensenii T...
Article
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(1) Background: The properties of CAD/CAM resin-based composites differ due to differences in their composition. Instrumented indentation testing can help to analyze these differences with respect to hardness, as well as energy-converting capabilities due to viscoelastic behavior. (2) Methods: Eleven materials were investigated using instrumented i...
Article
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For aluminum alloys, anodizing is a common electrochemical surface treatment to allow for protection against corrosion and wear. The produced conversion layers are first sealed in industrial processes to further enhance the corrosion protection by closing the coating surface pores. In their lifetime, anodized components often undergo cyclic loading...
Article
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1. Culling the main wildlife host of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain (GB) and Ireland, the European badger (Meles meles), has been employed in both territories to reduce infections in cattle. In GB, this has been controversial, with results suggesting that culling induces disturbance to badger social structure, facilitating wider disease disse...
Article
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A fundamental problem for any animal is how to weigh the benefits of making a rapid decision against the costs of making a poor decision, because time for detecting and evaluating all options is often restricted. For nest-site selection in birds, an important cost of a speedy decision would be nest predation, which is a major factor lowering reprod...
Article
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Introduction Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle, represents a major disease burden to UK cattle farming, with considerable costs associated with its control. The European badger (Meles meles) is a known wildlife reservoir for bTB and better knowledge of the epidemiology of bTB through testing wildlife is...
Article
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Het Nederlands is een levend(ig)e taal, zoveel is duidelijk. In een bundel waarin 'taal, frequentie en variatie' centraal staan buigen Neerlandici zich over thema's zo uiteenlopend als het stapelen van hulpwerkwoorden, de macht van voornamen en de negatieve kracht van herhaling.
Preprint
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The blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus) is the only large African mammal species to have become extinct in historical times, yet no nuclear genomic information is available for this species. A recent study showed that many alleged blue antelope museum specimens are either roan (H. equinus) or sable (H. niger) antelopes, further reducing the pos...
Article
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The American mink Neogale vison, introduced in Argentina since the beginnings of the XX century, is known locally as a mayor threat to biodiversity. Within the existing control methods, eradication and population control are implemented. The latter has been carried out in Los Alerces National Park since 2019, with live-capture traps and calculation...
Article
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Photovoltaic technology, which converts the sun’s light energy directly into electricity, can be used to make photovoltaic cells. The use of photovoltaic cells is centered on the idea of a low-carbon economy and green environmental protection, which effectively addresses the pollution problem in smart cities. Accurate identification of photovoltaic...
Article
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Disturbance ecology refers to the study of discrete processes that disrupt the structure or dynamics of an ecosystem. Such processes can, therefore, affect wildlife species ecology, including those that are important pathogen hosts. We report on an observational before-and-after study on the association between forest clearfelling and bovine tuberc...
Article
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To assess the corridor's functionality and prioritize protection of one of the corridors connecting Kaziranga National Park and the forests of Karbi Anglong District in Assam, India, we conducted a camera-trap study from 2011 to 2016. A total of 10,895 trap nights revealed 39 mammal and avian species, several of which were new records for the area....
Article
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The whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is a metaheuristic algorithm based on swarm intelligence and it mimics the hunting behavior of whales. It has the imperfection of premature convergence into local optima. In order to overcome this disadvantage, a multioperator WOA (MOWOA) is proposed. Four main strategies are introduced to the MOWOA to heighte...
Article
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Temporal and spatio-temporal niche partitioning is an important strategy for carnivore coexistence. Camera-trap data has been analyzed through several methods to assess the temporal and spatio-temporal niche partitioning. However, different analytical approaches used to may evaluate niche partitioning detect different results. In this study, we eva...
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The present study deals with new material of carnivorans (Mustelidae, Mephitidae, Ailuridae, Potamotheriinae and Viverridae) from the basal Tortonian (Late Miocene, late Astaracian) hominid-bearing locality of Hammerschmiede (Bavaria, Germany). The small carnivoran fauna includes 20 species belonging to nine different subfamilies (Guloninae, Lutrin...
Article
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Women's finance provincial women are as of now logically kept up their own one of a kind business yet their venturesome potential, managerial aptitude and money related duty remain commonly rejected in the general public. Female business enhancement is the basic segment of women reinforcing. Reinforcing through big business prompts vanity and makes...
Article
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Burmese Ferret Badger (Melogale personata) was recorded by camera trapping for the first time in Nepal's Nagarjun forest of Shivapui Nagarjun National Park. According to IUCN, it was expected to inhabit only the eastern part of Nepal but recently the species has been recorded from central and western parts of the country. A globally rarely studied...
Article
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Background Understanding inbreeding and its impact on fitness and evolutionary potential is fundamental to species conservation and agriculture. Long stretches of homozygous genotypes, known as runs of homozygosity (ROH), result from inbreeding and their number and length can provide useful population-level information on inbreeding characteristics...
Article
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A nine-year-old intact female sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) with a six-week history of gradual loss of body condition was found dead by the owner and presented for autopsy. Macroscopic examination revealed an enlarged spleen and liver with the hepatic and splenic parenchyma showing extensive infiltration with firm, white to cream-coloured nodu...
Article
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The role of an alien predator in the community depends on its interaction with native predators. The absence of apex predators may facilitate outbreaks of invasive mesopredators, but the effect of apex predators may vary between species and environments. We analysed the occurrence of a common invasive mesopredator in Europe, the raccoon dog ( Nycte...
Article
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Vertebrate animals are known to consume other species' faeces, yet the role of such coprophagy in species dynamics remains unknown, not least due to the methodological challenges of documenting it. In a large-scale metabarcoding study of red fox and pine marten scats, we document a high occurrence of domestic dog DNA in red fox scats and investigat...
Article
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Recently, Microgrids (MGs) have received great attention for solving power system problems, due to their low environmental effects and their economic benefits. This paper proposes a new application of an effective metaheuristic optimization method, namely, Honey Badger Algorithm (HBA), to solve energy management for optimal dispatch of the grid-con...
Research
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Abstract This study was part of a continuing annual citizen science expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala Too and Jumgal Too ranges), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU for the sixth consecutive year from 24 June to 26 August 2019, with the aim of surveying for snow leopard Panthera uncia and its prey species. Using a cell methodolo...
Article
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Objectives To investigate the chemical (degree of conversion (DC)) and mechanical properties (Martens hardness (HM), elastic indentation modulus (E IT ), and biaxial flexural strength (BFS)) of four dual-polymerizing resin composite core build-up materials after light- and self-polymerization. Materials and methods Round specimens with a diameter...
Article
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We present spatially distributed seasonal and annual surface mass balances of Wolverine Glacier, Alaska, from 2016 to 2020. Our approach accounts for the effects of ice emergence and firn com-paction on surface elevation changes to resolve the spatial patterns in mass balance at 10 m scale. We present and compare three methods for estimating emerge...
Article
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In Southeast Asia, conservation of 'Vulnerable' clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) and 'Endangered' tigers (Panthera tigris) might depend on the management of their preferred prey because large felid populations are limited by the availability of suitable prey. However, the diet of clouded leopards has never been determined, so the preferred prey...
Article
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Electricity demand is sharply increasing with the growing population of human beings. Due to financial, social, and political barriers, there are lots of difficulties when building new thermal power plants and transmission lines. To solve this problem, renewable energy sources and flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) can operate together in a p...
Article
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The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is a piscivorous apex predator in aquatic habitats, and a flagship species of conservation biology throughout Europe. Despite the wide distribution and ecological relevance of the species, there is a considerable lack of knowledge regarding its virological and veterinary health context, especially in Central Europe....
Article
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Background: Oral cancer is one of the most common life-threatening conditions. Lack of awareness, knowledge, risk factors and early sign and symptom of oral cancer .Thus the aim of present study was to to evaluate the awareness and knowledge about oral cancer among patients. Materials and Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was done in...
Conference Paper
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Les pénétromètres dynamiques sont des équipements de caractérisation du sous-sol, largement utilisés dans la pratique géotechnique. L'évaluation de la résistance en pointe est l'un des paramètres les plus importants pour la caractérisation de la réponse du sol. L'objectif de cet article est de comparer différentes méthodologies d'évaluation de la r...
Conference Paper
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Cet article vise à mettre en application la méthode d'étude du risque de liquéfaction proposée pour les pénétromètres dynamiques, appliquée à des mesures Panda 3® et Grizzly 3®. On s'est tout d'abord appuyé sur les résultats de campagnes d'essais en laboratoire réalisées sur deux sables de référence (Fontainebleau et Hostun) dans une chambre d'étal...
Conference Paper
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En raison de la difficulté de prélèvement d'échantillons non remaniés de sable, la possibilité d'évaluer directement sur site, à partir d'essais in situ, des paramètres de comportement contrainte-déformation pour les sables constitue un enjeu important en géotechnique. Récemment, un nouveau type d'essai au pénétromètre dynamique léger, à énergie va...
Article
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Fishers (Pekania pennanti) are a mid-sized member of the weasel family that historically occurred in the dense coniferous forests of Washington. Unregulated harvest, loss and fragmentation of habitat, and predator control campaigns beginning in the late 1800s collectively resulted in the decline and extirpation of fishers from Washington by the mid...
Poster
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-Preliminary results- Fecal samples are increasingly used in wildlife research to confirm species’ presence and to estimate population densities, which could be promising to monitor the elusive pine marten (Martes martes) [1, 2]. Wildlife detection dogs can increase the sampling success by efficiently searching an area, generating a higher sample...
Article
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Resumen "Caminando sobre gliptodontes y tigres dientes de sable" es un colectivo extensionista de la UNLP en actividad desde el 2009, que entre sus objetivos incluye la producción de recursos educativos accesibles en temáticas paleontológicas, conjugando saberes de la ciencia y el arte. Compartimos nuestra propuesta para el abordaje de uno de los p...
Article
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We present a case of non-antagonistic interaction of golden jackal (Canis aureus) with European badger (Meles meles), recorded at the Bulgarian bank of the Lower Danube in the summers of 2019 and 2020. Such interactions among the mentioned species have not been reported so far. However, they are reminiscent of similar mesopredators' relationships k...
Chapter
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Introducción territorios, es responsable de la intensidad y frecuencia con el cual ocurran los impactos, así como en la posibilidad de solucionarlos. Con dicha idea, se complementa el discurso sobre la Tierra como objeto de derecho, que precisa del rescate de ciertos espacios y acciones humanas para restablecer su equilibrio. Hablar de la crisis pl...
Article
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Background Vitamin C (VC) is an indispensable antioxidant and co-factor for optimal function and development of eukaryotic cells. In animals, VC can be synthesized by the organism, acquired through the diet, or both. In the single VC synthesis pathway described in animals, the penultimate step is catalysed by Regucalcin, and the last step by l -gul...
Article
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We provide data on the presence of Eurasian otter Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) Mustelidae Fischer von Waldheim, 1817) from seasonal Mediterranean-type streams tributaries to the Guadalquivir river (Seville, SW Iberian Peninsula), from observation of spraints for five years (2014-2018). The presence of otters has been verified in several streams wit...
Article
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In the years 1989-1991, the National Museum carried out a series of targeted investigations of the well-known, protected ancient monument Borremose Fortress in central Vesthimmerland. In this paper, the person responsible for the scientific studies, Charlie Christensen, and the leader of the project, Jes Martens, present the results of these studie...
Article
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The PID control algorithm for balancing robot attitude control suffers from the problem of difficult parameter tuning. Previous studies have proposed using metaheuristic algorithms to tune the PID parameters. However, traditional metaheuristic algorithms are subject to the criticism of premature convergence and the possibility of falling into local...
Poster
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The Eurasian badger (Meles meles) is a semi-fossorial species, spending daylight hours underground. The species is considered unusual amongst carnivores: despite being solitary foragers, badgers can form stable social groups of mixed age and sex whose members share a territory and occupy a communal diurnal resting site: the sett. Setts are used for...
Conference Paper
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This study consists of a series of compression load tests performed on a single model pile embedded in an expansive soil mixture prepared at different initial saturation degrees, namely; 70, 80, 90 and 100%. The soil mixture is consisted of 70% bentonite and 30% sand which reflects a very high expansive soil. The initial soil suctions were measured...
Article
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Nesting ecology of American crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus) in Florida has been both positively and negatively influenced by anthropogenic and natural factors since the species was placed on the federally endangered species list in 1975. This includes a shift in nesting sites and an expansion of nesting to anthropogenic habitat. Using a 50-year reco...
Article
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Evidence of abnormal coloration in wild animals provides useful information to better understand its adaptive function and its impact on survival. For this reason, we need to know the frequency and distribution of these abnormal phenotypes in wild populations. Here, we report two records of hypopigmentation in European pine marten Martes martes, ob...
Article
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No discussion of the C-130 would be complete without a description of the famed “Four Horsemen”. This article is based upon the HistoryNet.com article, “’The Four Horsemen’ Demonstrated the Power of the C-130 Hercules,” and Joseph Dabney’s description in Herk: Hero of the Skies. In early 1957 aircrews from Ardmore AFB’s 774th Troop Carrier Squadron...
Article
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Over the latest several decades, no emerging virus has had a profound impact on the world as the SARS-CoV-2 emerged at the end of 2019 has done. To know where SARS-CoV-2 is originated from and how it jumped into human population, we immediately started a surveillance investigation in wild mammals in and around Wuhan when we determined the agent. He...
Article
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Serological diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in badgers (Meles meles) has relied primarily on antibody recognition of MPB83, a sero-dominant antigen of M. bovis. Most vaccine studies in badgers to date have used the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Danish strain, a low producer of MPB83. Due to a supply shortage of the BCG Danish strain, the...
Poster
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The European badger Meles meles (Linnaeus, 1758) is a common semifossorial mustelid species widely distributed throughout Europe. It also shows a high degree of plasticity, adapting its spatial and temporal behaviour to live in highly disturbed environments. Badgers live in social groups occupying underground systems called setts, which could be cl...