Science topic

Muscular Atrophy - Science topic

Derangement in size and number of muscle fibers occurring with aging, reduction in blood supply, or following immobilization, prolonged weightlessness, malnutrition, and particularly in denervation.
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Publications related to Muscular Atrophy (6,328)
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We investigated the protective effect of losartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, on soleus muscle atrophy. Age-matched male and female Wistar rats were subjected to hindlimb unloading, and the soleus muscle was removed on days 1 and 7 for analysis. Females showed greater reductions in relative weight and myofiber cross-sectional area o...
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Background: The objective was to investigate the role of gene expression and plasma levels of the muscular protein myostatin in intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW). This was performed to evaluate a potential clinical and/or pathophysiological rationale of therapeutic myostatin inhibition. Methods: A retrospective analysis from pooled d...
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Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) accumulate in the organisms due to their hydrophobicity and resistance to xenobiotic metabolism. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is one of most representative POPs. Its pathophysiological effects have been extensively studied on many types of tissues but not on muscles. In this study, female C57BL/6J...
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Background Muscle atrophy is an increasingly global health problem affecting millions, there is a lack of clinical drugs or effective therapy. Excessive loss of muscle mass is the typical characteristic of muscle atrophy, manifesting as muscle weakness accompanied by impaired metabolism of protein and nucleotide. (D)-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), one of...
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Objective This study assessed patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using two generic preference-based measures in Chinese patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) and identified demographic and clinical determinants of health utility scores in this population. Methods This study used cross-sectional data of 212 Ch...
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Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to explore the morphological characteristics of paraspinal muscles in young patients with unilateral neurological symptoms of lumbar disc herniation. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed young patients aged 18–40 years who were hospitalized for lumbar disc herniation in our hospital from Jun...
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Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) dysfunction. CFTR protein is expressed in human skeletal muscle; however, its impact on skeletal muscle is unknown. The objectives of this study were to compare quadriceps muscle size and quality between adults with various severities of CFTR protein d...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal motor neuron (MN) disease characterized by progressive MN loss and muscular atrophy resulting in rapidly progressive paralysis and respiratory failure. Human mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (hMSC)-based therapy has been suggested to prolong MN survival via secretion of growth factors and modulation of cy...
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Background Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an X-linked recessive hereditary neuromuscular disorder caused by the expanded trinucleotide repeat in the androgen receptors gene. The major clinical manifestations of SBMA consist of weakness in the bulbar and limb muscles, fasciculations, tremors, cramps, sensory impairment, and gynecomasti...
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Background Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is very effective in alleviating pain, but functional deficits persist up to a year following surgery. Regardless of standard physiotherapy programs, significant additional muscular atrophy and weakness occur. Deficits in strength have serious adverse consequences for these patients with respect to physical f...
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The asymmetry of paravertebral muscle (PVM) degeneration in degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) patients has been extensively studied by imaging and histological examination and has not yet been verified by surface electromyography (sEMG) techniques. To study the relationship between the surface electromyography (sEMG) and degenerative characterist...
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Ovarian Cancer Treatment In article number 2204436 by Daniel L. Marks, Oleh Taratula, and co‐workers, follistatin mRNA delivered by lipid nanoparticles targets ovarian cancer clusters dispersed in the peritoneal cavity of mice. When combined with platinum chemotherapy, the proposed treatment may allow complete cytoreduction, enhance resilience to t...
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Muscle atrophy due to colorectal cancer severely reduces the quality of life and survival time of patients. However, the underlying causative mechanisms and therapeutic agents are not well understood. The aim of this study was to screen and identify the microRNA (miRNA)–mRNA regulatory network and therapeutic targets of celastrol in colorectal canc...
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Highly efficacious, potentially curative gene therapies holds immense clinical promise, but also present complex challenges. At the time of regulatory approval and health technology assessment (HTA), evidence of efficacy and safety of gene therapies is often uncertain. In addition, research, development, and manufacturing costs, small pools of elig...
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Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate how polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) and microcurrent therapy (MT) functioned synergistically in a cast-immobilized rabbit model with an atrophied calf muscle. Methods: At the age of 12 weeks, 32 male New Zealand rabbits were enrolled in four groups. After 2 weeks of cast-immobilization, 4 procedur...
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Sarcopenia is an age-related geriatric syndrome characterized by the gradual loss of muscle mass and function. Low-magnitude high-frequency vibration (LMHFV) was shown to be beneficial to structural and functional outcomes of skeletal muscles, while magnesium (Mg) is a cofactor associated with better indices of skeletal muscle mass and strength. We...
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Temporalis muscle (TM) atrophy has emerged as a potential biomarker for muscle wasting. However, its diagnostic utility as a monitoring tool in intensive care remains uncertain. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of sequential ultrasound- and computed tomography (CT)-based measurements of TM thickness (TMT). Wit...
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Inflammation is a major cause of skeletal muscle atrophy in various diseases. 2-Hydroxy-4′-methoxychalcone (AN07) is a chalcone-based peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonist with various effects, such as antiatherosclerosis, anti-inflammation, antioxidative stress, and neuroprotection. In this study, we examined the effects...
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Mucopolysaccharidosis type III-B (MPS III), also known as Sanfilippo syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease that primarily affects the brain and spinal cord. In this report, we describe the case of an eight-year-old female child who presented to the emergency room with an asthma exacerbation. She hadcoarse facial features...
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This study aimed to develop a functional measurement that combines quantitative motor evaluation index of various body regions in patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). We assessed subjects with SBMA and healthy controls with quantitative muscle strength measurements and functional scales. We selected tongue pressure, grip power,...
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Among posttranslational modifications, directed proteolytic processes have the strongest impact on protein integrity. They are executed by a variety of cellular machineries and lead to a wide range of molecular consequences. Compared to other forms of proteolytic enzymes, the class of calcium-activated calpains is considered as modulator proteases...
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Synchrotron X-ray computed tomography (SXCT) allows 3D imaging of tissue with a very large field of view and an excellent micron resolution and enables the investigation of muscle fiber atrophy in 3D. The study aimed to explore the 3D micro-architecture of healthy skeletal muscle fibers and muscle fibers at different stages of atrophy (stroke sampl...
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Objective : Diaphragmatic dysfunctions are multiple and critical illnesses often lead to the muscular atrophy that affects respiratory and peripheral muscles. The primary objective was to investigate diaphragm thickness in hospitalized patients. Secondary objectives were to assess clinical evolution and outcome. Methods : In a mean time period of 7...
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Objective: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with unknown causes involving upper and lower motor neurons. Our study aimed to explore the diagnostic value of neuroelectrophysiological examination in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Methods: A total of 64 patients admitted to our hospital fr...
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Introduction. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is one of the most common primary polyneuropathies. A degenerative process is the underlying cause of muscular atrophy in CIDP, while muscle strength may not fully recover in patients after pathogenesis-based treatment, thus extending the period of disability. Information about...
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Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic muscular diseases characterized by impaired muscle regeneration, which leads to pathological inflammation that drives muscle wasting and eventually results in weakness, functional dependency, and premature death. The most known causes of death include respiratory muscle failure due to diaphragm muscle dec...
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Age-associated loss of skeletal muscle mass and function is one of the main causes of the loss of independence and physical incapacitation in the geriatric population. This study used the D-galactose-induced C2C12 myoblast aging model to explore whether nobiletin (Nob) could delay skeletal muscle aging and determine the associated mechanism. The re...
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Objective: Patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) often experience muscular weakness under cold exposure. Methods: In our previously conducted observational study, we assessed nerve conduction and grip strength to examine the effect of cold exposure on motor function, based on which we conducted a randomized controlled trial to...
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Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a neurodegenerative and neuromuscular genetic disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine-encoding CAG tract in the androgen receptor (AR) gene. The AR is an important transcriptional regulator of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily; its levels are regulated in many ways including by ubiquiti...
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Muscle atrophy greatly affects the prognosis of patients in the intensive care unit, but the rate of change remains unclear. In this prospective observational study, we used ultrasound to measure the change in muscle thickness of the rectus femoris (RF) and vastus intermedius (VI) in 284 patients who were admitted to the SICU of Taoyuan General Hos...
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Obesity causes progressive lipid accumulation and insulin resistance within muscle cells and affects skeletal muscle fibres and muscle mass that demonstrates atrophy and dysfunction. This study investigated the effects of naringin on the metabolic processes of skeletal muscle in obese rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five groups: th...
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We are living in an aging society. In 2019, 1 billion individuals were already aged over 60. The number of people in this demographic is predicted to reach 1.4 billion by 2030 and 2.1 billion by 2050 (WHO). In the USA, individuals over 65 represent the fastest growing segment of the population (US census bureau). Similar trends are seen in the UK,...
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Cancer cachexia is a muscle-wasting syndrome that leads to a severely compromised quality of life and increased mortality. A strong association between cachexia and poor prognosis has been demonstrated in intractable cancers, including glioblastoma (GBM). In the present study, it was demonstrated that ionizing radiation (IR), the first-line treatme...
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Muscle atrophy is a degenerative condition characterized by secondary inflammation, free radical injury, and metabolic dysregulation. Evidence regarding the effects of quercetin on skeletal muscle atrophy is currently controversial and unclear. We hypothesized that quercetin, a anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties phytochemical, may play an...
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Sarcopenia is the decline in skeletal muscle mass, strength, and functions, which decreases the quality of life in elderly people. This study investigated the suppressive effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa) extract (TE) on muscle atrophy in dexamethasone (DEX)-treated mice and C2C12 myotubes. DEX treatment significantly decreased the muscle weight a...
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Cachexia is characterized by progressive weight loss accompanied by the loss of specific skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Increased lactate production, either due to the Warburg effect from tumors or accelerated glycolysis effects from cachectic muscle, is the most dangerous factor for cancer cachexia. This study aimed to explore the efficiency...
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Purpose Immobilization of skeletal muscles causes muscle atrophy, muscle contracture, and muscle pain, the mechanisms of which are related to macrophage accumulation. However, muscle contractile exercise through a belt electrode device may mitigate macrophage accumulation. We hypothesized that such exercise would be effective in preventing myofiber...
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Sarcopenia is characterized by loss of muscle mass, altered muscle composition, fat and fibrous tissue infiltration, and abnormal innervation, especially in older individuals with immune-mediated rheumatic diseases (IMRDs). Several techniques for measuring muscle mass, strength, and performance have emerged in recent decades. The portable dynamomet...
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Chronic activation of stress hormones such as glucocorticoids leads to skeletal muscle wasting in mammals. However, the molecular events that mediate glucocorticoid-induced muscle wasting are not well understood. Here, we show that SIRT6, a chromatin-associated deacetylase indirectly regulates glucocorticoid-induced muscle wasting by modulating IGF...
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Long-term exposure to microgravity leads to muscle atrophy, which is primarily characterized by a loss of muscle mass and strength and reduces one′s functional capability. A weightlessness-induced muscle atrophy model was established using the tail suspension test to evaluate the intervention or therapeutic effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound...
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We set out to assess the diagnostic utility of the split hand index (SHI) for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and also to see if and how it can be applied to severely atrophied muscles, a frequent finding in this setting. We enrolled 38 patients from our clinic, 19 diagnosed with ALS and 19 controls, matched for age and sex. The SHI was calcula...
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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a degenerative neuromuscular disease that causes progressive muscle weakness and atrophy due to loss of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. Although effective treatments, such as gene therapy, have emerged in recent years, their therapeutic efficacy depends on a restricted time window of treatment initiation...
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Irisin, out-membrane part of fibronectin type III domain–containing 5 protein (FNDC5), was activated by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) during physical exercise in skeletal muscle tissues. Most studies have reported that the concentration of irisin is highly associated with health status. For instance, t...
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Introduction Given that denervation atrophy often occurs in muscle after peripheral nerve injury, the effects of injections of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) into muscle after peripheral nerve injury were examined. Methods hADSCs were isolated from human subcutaneous fat tissue, and PRP was prepared from r...
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Objective: To determine the relationship of muscular impairment and psychological health with lower extremity functions in patients with transtibial amputation. Methods: The correlational study was conducted from March to September 2021 at the Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised male patients with transtibial amputatio...
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Activation of microglial cells by intrinsic or extrinsic insult causes neuroinflammation, a common phenomenon in neurodegenerative diseases. Prevention of neuroinflammation may ameliorate many neurodegenerative disease progressions. Dioscorea nipponica Makino (DN) extract can alleviate muscular atrophy and inflammatory diseases; however, the effica...
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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Spinal Bulbar Muscular Atrophy (SBMA), and Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) are motor neuron diseases (MNDs) characterised by progressive motor neuron degeneration, weakness and muscular atrophy. Lipid dysregulation is well recognised in each of these conditions and occurs prior to neurodegeneration. Several lipid...
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Background Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the SMN gene, leading to progressive muscular weakness, atrophy and so far neglected musculoskeletal pain. This study is the first to characterize nociceptive pain in patients living with SMA type 3 by assessing whether muscle pain is as...
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Sarcopenia (Sp) is the loss of skeletal muscle mass associated with aging which causes an involution of muscle function and strength. Satellite cells (Sc) are myogenic stem cells, which are activated by injury or stress, and repair muscle tissue. With advancing age, there is a decrease in the efficiency of the regenerative response of Sc. Diagnosis...
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Objective: Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy is characterized by slow-progressive muscle weakness, decreased functional performance and falls. Research into the use of exercise in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy has shown equivocal to negative results, although authors suggest that patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy may benefit f...
Poster
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Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are common in India. Information on LGMDs has been gradually evolving in recent years. The term limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a broad term encompassing many conditions which present with weakness of the girdle musculature wherein Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited neuromuscular...
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Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition for which no definitive treatment has yet been identified. Notably, it influences other tissues through inflammatory reactions and metabolic disturbances. Therefore, fingolimod (FTY-720), as an FDA-approved inflammatory modulator, would be promising. In the present study, nanocarriers with two di...
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Background: Extensive muscle atrophy is a common occurrence in orthopaedics patients who are bedridden or immobilized. The incidence is higher in intensive care unit (ICU) inpatients. There is still controversy about how to use neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in ICU patients. We aim to compare the effectiveness and safety of NMES to pr...