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Background Muscle atrophy is an increasingly global health problem affecting millions, there is a lack of clinical drugs or effective therapy. Excessive loss of muscle mass is the typical characteristic of muscle atrophy, manifesting as muscle weakness accompanied by impaired metabolism of protein and nucleotide. (D)-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), one of...
Article
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The progressive destruction of condylar cartilage is a hallmark of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA); however, its mechanism is incompletely understood. Here, we show that Kindlin-2, a key focal adhesion protein, is strongly detected in cells of mandibular condylar cartilage in mice. We find that genetic ablation of Kindlin-2 in...
Article
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It is known that silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and AgNO3 have harmful effects on the surrounding organisms, which may cause damage to these organisms. Therefore, the aim of this study is to detect damage caused by Ag NPs and silver nitrate to land slugs (Lehmannia nyctelia). In this study, the slugs were exposed to various concentrations of Ag NPs...
Article
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Heat stress adversely affects the growth performance, muscle development, and protein metabolism in poultry. l-Citrulline (L-Cit), is a non-essential amino acid that is known to stimulate muscle protein synthesis under stress conditions. This study investigated whether L-Cit could influence the growth performance, amino acid profile, and protein me...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Elective surgery induces skeletal muscle wasting driven by an imbalance between muscle protein synthesis and muscle protein breakdown. From examination of diverse stable isotope tracer techniques, the dynamic processes driving this imbalance are unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the mechanistic driver(s) of postoperativ...
Article
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Purpose This study investigates if co-ingestion of cluster dextrin (CDX) augments the appearance of intrinsically labeled meat protein hydrolysate-derived amino acid (D 5 -phenylalanine), Akt/mTORC1 signaling, and myofibrillar protein fractional synthetic rate ( FSR). Methods Ten moderately trained healthy males (age: 21.5 ± 2.1 years, body mass:...
Article
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The impact of maltodextrin (10%) in combination with trehalose or glycerol at different levels (2.5% and 5%) and their mixture on the stability of freeze-dried pepsin from skipjack tuna stomach was studied. Addition of 5% trehalose and 10% maltodextrin yielded the powder (TPP-T5) with highest relative pepsin activity (p < 0.05). TPP-T5 had differen...
Article
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Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), a central component of the Hippo pathway, plays an important role in tumor metastasis; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Invadopodia are actin-rich protrusions containing multiple proteases and have been widely reported to promote cell invasiveness by degrading the extracellular matrix. In...
Article
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Ferlins are complex, multi-domain proteins, involved in membrane trafficking, membrane repair, and exocytosis. The large size of ferlin proteins and the lack of consensus regarding domain boundaries have slowed progress in understanding molecular-level details of ferlin protein structure and function. However, in silico protein folding techniques h...
Article
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Human amniotic fluid stem cell-derived exosome (HuAFSC-exosome) transplantation is considered a promising treatment for premature ovarian failure (POF). However, its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, exosomes were isolated and enriched from HuAFSC subsets of CD44+/CD105+, and the exosomes were transplanted into a POF model in vitro and in v...
Article
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Background Preclinical studies have shown a therapeutic role of the mechanistic/mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibition with rapamycin and its analogues (rapalogues) on several age-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSKD). However, the applicability to humans of these findings is unknown. Objective To assess the efficacy of rap...
Article
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Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third cause of death worldwide. COPD is characterised by dyspnoea, limited exercise tolerance, and muscle dysfunction. Muscle dysfunction has been linked to dysregulation between muscle protein synthesis, myogenesis and degradation mechanisms. Conventional concentric cycling has been sh...
Article
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Sodium butyrate (NaB), obtained by fermenting dietary fiber via intestinal microflora, was recently shown to improve the activity of some antioxidant enzymes in vivo. This study aims to investigate the term changes of mitochondrial energy metabolism and redox homeostasis in skeletal muscles and clarify the regulatory mechanism and dose effect of Na...
Article
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BACKGROUND LIM domain proteins play crucial roles in tumors by interacting with diverse proteins. However, their roles in the course of colorectal mucosa-adenoma-carcinoma remain unclear. This study aimed to depict their dynamic expression profiles and elucidate their potential functions in this transition course. MATERIAL AND METHODS Differentiall...
Article
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This study aims to determine the effect of supplementing L-carnitine during the transition period on fatty liver, ketosis and milk yield of dairy cows.The control group includes ten cows fed with normal ration (n=10), while the experimental group consists of 11 cows daily supplemented with six-grams of rumen-protected L-carnitine additive orally (n...
Article
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The objective of this study was to investigate the effects on protein oxidative stability, functional and digestion characteristics of yak rumen smooth muscle with overwrap packaging using oxygen-permeable film (OWP) and vacuum packaging bag (VP) during storage (0, 7, 14, 28, 42, 56, 84, 168 and 364 days) at -18 °C. The results show that yak rumen...
Article
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Sarcopenia refers to a decline in muscle mass and strength with age, causing significant impairment in the ability to carry out normal daily functions and increased risk of falls and fractures, eventually leading to loss of independence. Maintaining protein homeostasis is an important factor in preventing muscle loss, and the decrease in muscle mas...
Article
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The objective was to investigate the effects of alfalfa ( Medicago sativa Linn )-mixed silage fermentation material (AMSFM) on various aspects of growth, function, and carcass characteristics of Lande (meat) geese. Based on a previous study, we used the following AMSFM: 80% Alfalfa +10% soybean meal +10% DDGS ensiled for 45 days. Lande geese, n = 2...
Article
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Purpose Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation affects muscle protein metabolism. The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a tool designed to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet. The available data on the association between DII and sarcopenia are limited. We aimed to investigate the association of the DII with components of sarcopenia i...
Article
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Background IGF-1 is considered an important regulator of muscle protein synthesis. However, its role in stimulation of muscle protein synthesis by amino acids (AA) is not clear, despite pronounced alterations in IGF-1 mRNA expression and signaling in muscle tissues by feeding. This study evaluates the role of locally produced IGF-1 and IGF-1 signal...
Article
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The Cre-loxP system has been widely used for cell- or organ-specific gene manipulation, but it is important to precisely understand what kind of cells the recombination takes place in. Smooth muscle 22α (SM22α)-Cre mice have been utilized to alter genes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), activated fibroblasts or cardiomyocytes (CMs). Moreover...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to compare the differences of V-pattern exotropia in craniosynostosis and normal children. 39 children were included in this study, 19 craniosynostosis and 20 children in control group. They underwent comprehensive ocular examinations and received strabismus surgery. The extraocular muscle samples were analysed. Compar...
Article
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Whey protein (WP) supplements have grown in popularity for exercising populations to enhance muscle protein synthesis and promote recovery. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the macronutrient profile, especially protein, of commonly sold protein powder brands in the Colombian (South America) sports supplement market. Eleven popular w...
Article
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This study proposes a phenomenological‐based semiphysical model (PBSM) for the mixing process to predict meat protein denaturation and their interactions with water molecules when salts and phosphates are present. Protein fractions are measured according to their solubility, which is an indicator of structural changes. A reaction scheme is proposed...
Article
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Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms frequently characterized by an upregulation of the mammalian rapamycin targeting (mTOR) pathway resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. The mTOR pathway is also involved in skeletal muscle protein synthesis and in adipose tissue metabolism. Everolimus inhibits the mTOR pathway, resulting in bloc...
Article
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Cigarette smoking has harmful effects on the physiology of the body. Higher exposure to smoking causes musculoskeletal disorders including depressed muscle protein synthesis, arterial stiffness, reduction in serum HDL level, cerebral aneurysm, weight loss and obesity. The present study was carried out in the different areas of Tehsil Mailsi and Dis...
Article
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This Special Issue highlights new data on the molecular mechanisms of muscle functioning under normal conditions and cellular dysfunctions [...]
Article
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Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.) leaves are traditionally used to improve muscle weakness, but their effects on muscle protein synthesis require further research. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether loquat leaf extract (LLE) enhances muscle contraction-induced activation of muscle protein synthesis signaling. Male Wistar rats (12...
Article
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Dystrophin is an essential muscle protein that contributes to cell membrane stability by mechanically linking the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix via an adhesion complex called the dystrophin–glycoprotein complex. The absence or impaired function of dystrophin causes muscular dystrophy. Focal adhesions (FAs) are also mechanosensitive...
Article
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With aging, sarcopenia and the associated locomotor disorders, have become serious problems. The roots of maca contain active ingredients (triterpenes) that have a preventive effect on sarcopenia. However, the effect of maca on muscle hypertrophy has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the effects and mechanism of maca o...
Article
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The analysis of postmortem protein degradation has become of large interest for the estimation of the postmortem interval (PMI). Although several techniques have been published in recent years, protein degradation-based techniques still largely did not exceed basic research stages. Reasons include impractical and complex sampling procedures, as wel...
Article
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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic cardiopulmonary syndrome with high pulmonary vascular load and eventually causing RV heart failure even death. However, the mechanism of pulmonary hypertension remains unclear. The purpose of this research is to detect the underlying key genes and potential mechanism of PAH using several bioinforma...
Article
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A new preparation method for extreme fluorescent green emission tryptophan-stabilized silver nanoclusters (Tryp-AgNCs) is presented in this scientific research. The produced silver nanoclusters are dependent on tryptophan amino acid which contributes to normal growth in infants and the sublimation and recovery of human protein, muscles, and enzymes...
Article
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Paramyosins, muscle proteins occurring exclusively in invertebrates, are abundant in seafoods. The potential of seafood paramyosins (SP) as sources of anti-angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) and anti-dipeptidyl-peptidase (DPP-IV) peptides is underexplored. This in silico study investigated the release of anti-ACE and anti-DPP-IV peptides from SP a...
Article
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Nemaline myopathy is a rare genetic disorder caused by a mutation in genes encoding skeletal muscle proteins resulting in generalized hypotonia. It can be associated with neonatal multiple long bone fractures. We present a female neonate who had bilateral humerus and left femur fractures. Due to fetal distress, her delivery was at 37 weeks gestatio...
Article
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Exertional heat illness (EHI) and malignant hyperthermia (MH) are life threatening conditions associated with muscle breakdown in the setting of triggering factors including volatile anesthetics, exercise, and high environmental temperature. To identify new genetic variants that predispose to EHI and/or MH, we performed genomic sequencing on a coho...
Article
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Aquaculture is a rather recent activity in Pakistan and is still in its infancy; nevertheless, there is immense potential for the development of the sector. Freshwater carp farming is the major aquaculture activity in four of the country's five provinces. However, the main issue fish farmers face, is the availability of cheap supplementary feed wit...
Article
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Background Systematic investigation of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) responses with or without protein ingestion has been largely limited to resistance training. Objective This systematic review determined the capacity for aerobic-based exercise or high-intensity interval training (HIIT) to stimulate post-exercise rates of MPS and whether protein...
Poster
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Our Alaskan Backcountry Expeditionary Hunting (ABEH) paradigm represents an 8-14 day unscripted, remote expedition in the uninhabited Brooks Range. Despite negative energy balance (i.e., -9.7 ± 3.4 MJ/day) and significant weight loss (Δ-1.5 ± 0.7 kg) largely influenced by high levels of energy expenditure (i.e., 17.4 ± 2.6 MJ/day), participants ret...
Article
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AimThis study was aimed to consider the effects of uphill (concentric, CON) and downhill (eccentric, ECC) treadmill exercise with Nano-BCAA supplementation on muscle protein expression of Akt and mTOR.Methods Thirty aging male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups of (n = 5 each group): control (healthy), uphill running (CON, 0 to + 15°),...
Article
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Background Engaging in both resistance and endurance exercise within the same training program, termed ‘concurrent exercise training,’ is common practice in many athletic disciplines that require a combination of strength and endurance and is recommended by a number of organizations to improve muscular and cardiovascular health and reduce the risk...
Article
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This study investigated postmortem muscle protein degradation and myowater properties in broiler breasts afflicted with the Spaghetti Meat (SM) myopathy during 7 days of storage. Severe SM and unaffected (NORM) breast fillets were analyzed at days 0, 3, and 7 postmortem for TD-NMR myowater traits, myofibrillar protein profiles, calpain activity, fr...
Article
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Purpose of Review Protein is a macronutrient that is responsible for multiple functions in the human body and is made up of twenty amino acids. Nine amino acids are not synthesized in the human body and require dietary ingestion to prevent deficiency. These essential amino acids are easily obtained through animal-based proteins but can be in limite...
Article
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Skeletal muscle adapts to different exercise training modalities with age; however, the impact of both variables at the systemic and tissue levels is not fully understood. Here, adult and old C57BL/6 male mice were assigned to one of three groups: sedentary, daily high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT), or moderate intensity continuous trainin...
Article
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There is increasing evidence that dietary protein intake with leucine and vitamin D is an important factor in muscle protein synthesis. This study investigated the combined effects of consuming whey protein and vitamin D3 in the evening before bedtime or in the morning after sleeping on muscle mass and strength. Healthy, untrained males (N = 42; Ag...
Article
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Ghrelin is an appetite-stimulating hormone that can increase food intake and has been reported to prevent muscle loss; however, the mechanism is not yet fully understood. In this study, [D-Lys3]-GHRP-6 (GHRP) was used to investigate the effects of the antagonization of ghrelin on muscle protein deposition, eating patterns and gut microbiota in a pi...
Article
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Muscle wasting, known to develop in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), is a deleterious consequence of numerous complications associated with deteriorated renal function. Muscle wasting in CKD mainly involves dysregulated muscle protein metabolism and impaired muscle cell regeneration. In this narrative review, we discuss the cardinal role...
Article
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The present study was performed to clarify how a combined exercise/diet treatment could affect the expression level of the muscle fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (Fndc5) with respect to body fat mass. Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 2 groups including low-fat (LF) and high-fat (HF) diets for 12 weeks. Then, LF fed (nonobese) and HF fed...
Article
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The human genome contains repetitive regions, such as segmental duplications, known to be prone to copy number variation. Segmental duplications are highly identical and homologous sequences, posing a specific challenge for most mutation detection methods. The giant nebulin gene is expressed in skeletal muscle. It harbors a large segmental duplicat...
Article
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Now a day's eco friendly food alternatives are been used instead of chemical contents and hence utilization of natural plant based alternatives are in consideration, in present experimental trial Azolla filiculoids, Azolla microphylla powder rich diet were formulated and the study was carried out upon growth performance of Oreochromis mossambicus (...
Article
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The molecular responses to acute resistance exercise are well characterized. However, how cellular signals change over time to modulate chronic adaptations to more prolonged exercise training is less well understood. We investigated anabolic signaling and muscle protein synthesis rates at several time points after acute and chronic eccentric loadin...
Article
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The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged as the causative agent of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has spread worldwide, resulting in over 6 million deaths as of March 2022. Older people have been disproportionately affected by the disease, as they have greater risk of hospitalizat...
Article
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The interest in a diet with a higher proportion of plant-based foods to animal-based foods is a global food pattern trend. However, there are concerns regarding adopting plants as the main dietary protein source to support muscle protein synthesis and muscle mass. These concerns are centred on three issues: lower protein bioavailability due to anti...
Article
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Essential amino acids (EAAs) initiate amino acid-induced stimulation of muscle protein synthesis. Study objectives were to calculate intake of EAAs after creating an EAA database, to explore the association of EAAs and branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) with handgrip strength (HS) in a younger (<50 y) and older (≥50 y) sample, and to identify major...
Article
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Background The growth and development of skeletal muscle are regulated by protein-coding genes and non-coding RNA. Circular RNA (circRNA) is a type of non-coding RNA involved in a variety of biological processes, especially in post-transcriptional regulation. To better understand the regulatory mechanism of circRNAs during the development of muscle...
Article
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Objective Regular exercise is a powerful tool that enhances skeletal muscle mass and strength. Lysine acetylation is an important post-translational modification (PTM) involved in a broad array of cellular functions. Skeletal muscle protein contains a considerable number of lysine-acetylated (Kac) sites, so we aimed to investigate the effects of ex...