Questions related to Multiculturalism
Universities have consistently prioritized through their stated policies the importance that they attach to the promotion of diversity, equality and opportunity. However, much work is still to be done to overcome issues of equality on many campuses globally. the need for multicultural problem solving research should not be underestimated in this regard. This underpins the need for a discussion and action on this issue. What do others think?
I have decided to start a discussion on the PowerPoint of my lecture "Understanding Democracy in the context of Individual rights, group rights and multiculturalism", organised by the Gandhian School of Democracy and Socialism Forum, ITM University Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India, on 14 July 2023.
This is exclusively a PowerPoint: therefore it is not a complete study.
The video of the lecture can be watched at:
I am working on a text corresponding to the PowerPoint which will be published in some months.
How will the comprehensive penetration and development of AI into human society affect and promote the cultural governance model?
In the rapidly changing post-digital era, how to protect or promote cultural citizenship with more diverse democratic participation?
Namely, how to ensure and promote multicultural governance in the future AI world?
I'm teaching in an inclusive classroom, students (teacher educators) with diverse cultures. Sometimes, I wonder and think of multicultural classroom to be productive but, often I struggle to find out the tactics and pedagogies to be executed to make my classroom more productive. Let me have your suggestions or support positively so that I may get a perspective, that will help me to make my multicultural inclusive classroom more constructive. thank u.
This is the PowerPoint which I used for my lecture held on Friday, 14th April 2023 at the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Development Goals and the Gandhian Way (Constructive Programmes), organised by the Gandhian School of Democracy and Socialism at ITM University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India, on 14–16 April 2023. The title of my lecture was: “Rights, liberalism, multiculturalism. The PowerPoint contains some reflections. I am writing a text which will be published in some months. In my study, I deal with different positions on rights, liberalism and multiculturalism. For my investigation, I shall mainly refer to the following studies: Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority, Chandran Kukathas’ Cultural Toleration and The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom, Doriane L. Coleman’s Individualizing Justice through Multiculturalism: The Liberalsʼ Dilemma, and Brian Barry’s Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. In Kymlicka’s liberal theory of group rights, the acknowledgement of rights to groups and, therefore, of rights not only reserved to individuals is to be interpreted as an extension and natural development of the liberal tradition. Kukathas considers the state as only being an aggregation between groups: the state has therefore no authority of coercion in relation to the groups. Since liberalism is toleration, the rules holding in the different groups ought, in the opinion of Kukathas, to be tolerated, even though these rules are oppressive, intolerant and illiberal for the members of the group itself. The analysis of Coleman will introduce us to the interesting problem of the cultural defences and of the problems that the strategy of the cultural defences represents for the American and not only the American tribunals: is a pluralistic interpretation of the law in a right state to be accepted, as those who plead for the cultural defences want to, or is a pluralistic interpretation of the law to be refused? The analysis of Coleman gives us highly valuable elements in order to understand the problems posed by some interpretations of multiculturalism for the equal protection clause. Barry excludes every form of diminution of individual liberty and of diminution of protection of the individual liberty in his interpretation of liberalism and in the connected duty assigned to the state as regards the protection of the fundamental rights of the individuals.
How do education policies reflect the state's concerns about multicultural dynamics in school and in what ways is multilingualism a component of national education strategies? As the school is a microcosm where social realities are experienced by the school community, the issue of multiculturalism can relate to multilingualism and have immediate reflections on learning or learning poverty. In this sense, what strategies have been taken by governments and what has been studied on this topic? I appreciate suggestions for publications that might be of interest in a study on this topic. Best regards, Rooney Pinto.
I have a question about the discrepancy between conceptualization and operationalization in my study.
I used the concept named 'multicultural teaching competency'(MTC) (Spanierman et al., 2010). In their paper on validating the MTC scale, they conceptualised MTC as awareness, knowledge, and skills.
But when they processed EFA, CFA, and reliability test, the results showed that only knowledge and skills are two sufficient factors to explain MTC.
The authors explained a few reasons why awareness is not one of the factors.
But how can I justify in my dissertation the discrepancy between their original conceptualisation in which they mentioned MTC is composed of awareness, knowledge, and skills, and the outcome of the study which only knowledge and skills are two sufficient factors for MTC?
In your opinion, the questionnaires' psychometric evaluations are sufficient and scientific in the official language in multi-cultural countries?
Do you think it is possible to implement the questionnaire in all cultures or languages in those countries?
What do you think is the solution?
I`m doing my masters on applied linguistics for spanish as a foreign language and the topic I chose for my research is about the use of humor in social media, specifically the use of imemes, as a way to bring students from different cultural background together in a multicultural class.
So I`m currently looking for some information about the origins of imemes
Positive psychology has become a pillar in a variety of domains in many societies, such as the workplace and the classroom. However, in multilingual and multicultural spaces individuals may interpret aspects of positive psychology through their own culture and worldview. For example, excessive smiling-or the lack of it- may trigger distinct responses in people from different cultures.
To avoid misunderstandings and to promote harmony, the term 'positive' should be negotiated and offered in a way that everybody can benefit.
I'd be very happy to listen to your opinions!
I'm doing a master thesis about the relationship between the multicultural working environment and IT companies success (across 3 types of companies startup/SME/Enterprise)
How can I measure companies' success and if I would go with the annual revenue growth approach to measuring the company's success?
How can I know the annual revenue for a non-listed company? in scientific research (for sure this information is not public and they will not give it to be )
You are welcome to suggest another way to measure the success of a company
In other words, I would like to know what makes a company a multicultural entity? if you have any idea about papers or researchers that have discussed the factors which determine cultural differences in organizations it would be greatly appreciated.
Since its inception, the discourse of ethnic marketing has advanced the benefits to firms of segmenting markets and targeting ethnic minority groups in advancing business activity (Cui, 2001). Pires and
Stanton (2015) adapted the definition of marketing from the American
Marketing Association (2013) in defining ethnic marketing as “the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for ethnic identified customers, clients, partners and communities, and for society at large”
In one of my articles "The need for a values-based university curriculum" https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=2019092415204357 I propose that higher education should adopt a ‘values-based’ curriculum. A values-based curriculum engages the learner on multiple levels (e.g., an understanding and acceptance of their obligations to all humanity, multicultural respect, civic commitment and global consciousness). In your opinion, what are the most important values we should teach to our students? Your opinion matters.
I am a Msc psychology student and working on my desertation project on role of empathy in development of close friendship in multicultural environment. Kindly suggest a good and valid questionnaire measures available to tap in both the variables.
to work in a dynamic multicultural team in the fast-paced world to achieve better tomorrow with caring society, culture and the planet.
After WWII and with regard to some causes like intercultural philosophy, the multiculturalism and poststructuralism , comparative literature has been distinguished from its previouse situation, which was known American school and has tended to cultural studies. Some scholars like Susan Bassnett and Jonathan Culler have criticized this tendency. What about you? Do you think that this tendency is usefull or not?
Will growing multiculturalism all over the world increasingly affect cross-cultural communication? What possible forms can this influence take? Will it be mostly positive or negative for different cultures?
Could we possibly foresee any potential drawbacks of this process and try to avoid or prevent them?
This question is probably not PC, but the truth rarely is. We read and hear every day about how diversity and multiculturalism is so beneficial for the host society, how we really need it to stay competitive and what not. That we need more and more immigration and tolerance of minorities, and so on, Of course, I am aware of classical urban theorist Simmel and Durkheim, but it is not what I mean. I also do not mean the Weberian urbanization economies. And other sensible positions. What I mean is about today's extreme global diversity and multiculturalism brainwash that really goes beyond any kind of realistic scenarios. As far as I know the answer is 'no', but I am open on this point. I am writing a paper on this and need to be 100% sure.
I am looking for my master research for studies or projects about Brazilian multicultural society. How immigrants from all over the world, Portuguese colonisators and locals (Indians) created an hybrid culture without racial/religious conflicts.
Thank you for any information!
Students raised concern that Maslow's research reflects a singular cultural perspective and would like a multicultural perspective.
I am doing a group proposal to form a multicultural psychotherapy group to address anxiety among college students. Gender and ethnicity are key considerations in the operation of the group. I understand the research regarding male versus female disclosure, as well as, attending ethnic differences, but am not sure how to strategize to ensure optimal participation.
Thanks for your help.
Good evening research gate members,
I am looking into assessing and analyzing counselor case conceptualization competencies, an integrated theoretical framework is preferred.
I am quite fascinated by the work on culturally competent social work. During my M.Phil research I realized the importance of culture for people.Earlier I wanted to define culturally competent social work in Indian perspective, for Phd thesis but later learned that there are several research on it. Can you please guide me on some of the topics under it that are worth reseaching?
In Europe, three models of policies can be distinguished, related to integration:
- The model of the seasonal worker, for which Germany is the prototype. Migration process is mainly determined by the needs of the labor market, and the presence of the immigrants is only temporary. As a consequence, a legal status is not a necessity and nor a reflection on the possibility to facilitate the cultural diversity.
- Assimilation model, for which France is representative. Immigration is considered to be permanent; migrants are welcome and get a legal status, under the condition of assimilating the behavioral models of the dominant culture. Immigrants are considered, first of all, as individuals, the concept of immigrants’ community not being acceptable within this model.
- Ethnic minorities model, for which Great Britain is the prototype. Immigration is regarded as permanent, but the immigrants are defined depending on their ethnic and cultural origin. They build their own communities, different from the existing ones, but the real challenge is to make these communities to live in harmony, within a multicultural society.
The current situation in Europe requires new theories, grouping and understanding. Political agenda hasn't changed accordingly.
I would appreciate links to good material on this topic.
In addition, Estonia & Latvia (most probably all Baltic states) have declined current immigration wave with the notion that they haven't been able to solve the one from 1970s. Both countries have 1/3 of the population nonspeaking and non-citizen immigrants. The number is growing.
Is it cultural difference, leftover from transition state or something else?
Do you think Passing/ Code Switching in Schools assists in achieving multiculturalism or works against it?...Here's my view currently...
with the new wave of immigration, and in a contemporary multicultural society, new feeling and sense of identity came to surface, culturally how could we read and understand the issue of identity? and how to contribute to give a clear image of understanding identity formation by the immigrants as they might be confused between two completely different identities?
I am a second year master student and I am preparing the proposal for my upcoming master thesis in the spring semester. My topic is the perception of immigrant about the integration process and challenges they face in their path to integration in Sweden. I planning to conduct a qualitative research design, particularly I want to undertake a case study. I know the fact that, in qualitative research, including theoretical background in your proposal is very challenging before you collect your data. However I am instructed to do so. So please can any one help me to find out theories related to integration of immigrant to mainstream society. I was thinking that I can use assimilation and multiculturalism as my theories but I am not sure whether they are concepts or theories. I am also thinking if I can use Acculturation model as theoretical background. Please let me hear form your side. thanks
Hello! I am interested in researches about the socio economical influences in early childhood development, especially to learn about how they feel at school and the difficulties they have to face depending on their economical incomes, researches releated to low income families and children in a multicultural school context.
Multiculturalism and plural ethos are highly required to establish a successful democratic society. Democracy cannot become a successful enough until principles of accomudation will be taken into cognizance. Respecting diversity is very important in developing a progressive society free from violence and clashes.
I am trying to find some literature on the relation between consumption, identity and migration in order to improve a research proposal. So, I would like to ask, does anyone have any suggestions regarding the effects of migration on identity through consumption? Is there any suggestion or any research on that issue?
I want to ask,
I was offered from Lambert Academic Publishing for publishing my manuscript. This institution is interested in my article entitled "multicultural society in the explanation of Islam". But I personally don't yet know this publishing agency. Maybe someone can help me provide information about this institution.
Greetings of peace for all of us
Consider the following:
The role of education to
a. to develop young peoples’ sense of belonging in multicultural Britain through developing interfaith dialogue.
b. to enhance young peoples’ sense of belonging in multicultural Britain through developing interfaith dialogue.
I am currently working on an ethnographic interview that can help to investigate teaching experience in multicultural classes. what questions do you think I should ask, in order to bring out emotions and thoughts about that kind of teaching experience.
Thanks in advance to those who will help!
Some useful perspectives when considering selective schools for your children. "Ideally, schools are microcosms of society, where children learn everyday multiculturalism in an organic way," Are selective schools racially skewed? If yes, will it represent the broader Australian society? If not, what would be the developmental impacts on students (such as on creativity, wisdom, resilience, critical thinking etc. )? How do competition, affordability and fairness in relation to education relate to this situation?
Human rights have emerged in Europe, considering universal European values. So would they be against multiculturalism or not? What is the relationship between multiculturalism and human rights?
If you have participated or managed virtual teams with members from more than one cultural backgrounds, I need your experience to help respond to the questions that are meant to establish the impact of differing cultures on virtual collaborations.
Visual clues of a moment, model or made-up design to contribute to the overall brand positioning spectrum - powerful approach. Many of the highly creative ads are not universal - specific culture / market oriented. Communicating ideas through texts / written - different segment of audience groups will make different meaning, communication gaps, miscommunication - brand positioning diluted. For multicultural markets - visual clue based ads are highly potential. Any thought?
In multicultural and multiethnic societies public schools need to offer quality education to students in a heterogenous classroom population. In which particular way can educational technology contribute to the quality of education and to the narrowing of the social gap between different cultural and ethnic groups of students in the heterogeneous classroom?
Many refugee camps exist for decades, by creating a self- organized and multicultural society.
The particular environment faced by refugee entrepreneurs in camp (different regulatory and statutory condition from the host community; limited freedom of movement; economic assistance from international organization), make their experience substantially different from other entrepreneurs. Many refugee camps are kept trapped without adequate access to basic rights, including employment, mobility and education, over a long period of time. The lack of functioning markets, inefficient legal and political systems, and poor infrastructure are the three institutional barriers to RCE (De la Chaux, 2015). Despite these limitations, refugees’ camps are characterized by proliferation of many business activities.
I am working on the impact of intercultural communication competence on the performance of multicultural teams :the role of conflict management,.i need so badly to read more about intercultural communication competence,the conflict management and the performance of multicultural teams ,so i think that any interesting article or book or a measuring scale of one of those concepts can really help me.
So far i have found an inetresting study of Alexei V.Matveev ,2002,The perception of intercultural communication competence by American and Russian managers with experience on multicultural teams.
Fearon and Alesina et al. analysed these concepts and constructed some indices on these subjects. However, none of the values of the indices are not up to date now. I need more recent data. Thanks for your responses...
I teach an undergraduate Education and Learning Theory course and tend to present those theorists that have had an impact on my life - Dewey, Gardner, Glasser. I am looking for theorists that are more representative of the diversity of students on our campus.
The multicultural approach attempts to create unity through difference, holding that although a nation's subcultures are diverse, those subcultures share common values. In terms of legal policy, Canada was one of the first nations with an official multicultural act and they are an officially bilingual nation, using both English and French. Cultural assimilation is a process of consistent integration whereby members of an ethno-cultural group are "absorbed" into an established, generally larger community. This presumes a loss of many characteristics of the absorbed group. The two approaches are quite different. The contrasts between them are often given comparative analysis in France (assimilation) and Britain (multiculturalism). The world continually refers back to these two case studies in order to weigh the pros and cons of these two social models. With both countries holding tight to these different models and with other countries diverging in their choice between them, the debate continues to be hotly contested and highly important to how societies deal with diversity in an attempt to construct the best, healthiest, safest, most dynamic, and most productive nation and world.
I live in a small urban community north of Detroit, Michigan where there are growing multicultural communities. It is my desire to create a program that will change the dynamics from Multicultural to Intercultural. Has anyone done this before and what model can we use?
In another thread on the issue of International Human Rights law that has proven very popular, I have noticed that the discussion has degenerated into a a quasi-vitriolic exchange between pro versus anti-immigration sentiments. My question is this: given the incendiary rhetoric, particularly in Europe, concerning immigration, is it possible, for purposes of formal academic analysis to separate the wider problem of immigration from the narrower, and more technical issue, of multi-culturalism? That is, to what extent is it possible to discuss and analyze the question of movements of peoples across borders (a universal phenomenon within World History) as a separate issue from the managerial, technocratic, bureaucratic and bio-power dimensions of the social engineering process known as multi-culturalism, which seems to be wholly unique to Western Europe, North America, and Australasia?
Is there any potentiality in Law - Morality relation to be reconsidered and revisited to achieve better social integrations in Western Europe?
My research is on the socialisation of international students in seminars and I'm collecting data via classroom observation. From the classroom observations, I obtained two types of data which are the field notes and recordings which I have transcribed.
Today’s marketplace is in search for more than single specialized graduates. Jobs opportunities are offered to individuals that are ready to solve problems in innovative ways and who are competent in working with multicultural and multidisciplinary teams. A contextualized curriculum will aid students, through cooperation, to fully embody the complexity of their world.
Is this the kind of education that will give students the tools to constantly adapt and innovate in this kind of world?
The focus of current research I am involved in is connecting processes of intercultural communication to the learning that takes place (or doesn't) as a result of intercultural interactions. I find that while there is much written about IC communication there is far less on IC learning.
Currently, some political candidates in the United States have done their best to further alienate the world-wide Muslim Community. What can we do as social scientists (and U.S. citizens) to neutralize the effects of crazy candidates like Donald Trump?
In favour of cultural egalitarianism and the insistence to retain what is termed 'cultural heritage(s)', many researchers (philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, and others in the humanities) resist the views of critics from 'outside' their culture(s). Most of the time, the basis for the resistance of the critical and reconstructive demands/ views of the 'cultural-outsider' is akin to the central arguments of Thomas Nagel in his "What is it like to be a Bat?" The arguments of those who resist the contributions of the reconstructive critics from the outside is that every culture has its subjective uniqueness. This resistance is consolidated, at the surface, by the idea that cultures vary, that worldviews vary (some even argue that worldviews are incommensurable), and that as long as multiculturalism respects cultures and peoples - as the opposite of the principles that defined and sustained colonialism - then, it is the best approach to cultures.
However: granted that multiculturalism introduces mutual respect for/among cultures, I am wondering whether the same principle (multiculturalism) necessarily invalidates the framework that sustains cross-cultural criticism/ evaluation. Should the merits of multiculturalism be stretched beyond mutual respect for cultures and people, to include a faulty assessment of every situation of cultural criticism as intentional cultural humiliation and attempt to re-enact cultural hegemony?
My Ph D supervisor who is a sociologist, is asking me to consider Giddens' concept of reflexivity in analysing migration phenomenon. I don't have a sociology back ground, but from the initial reading it seems to me that it does make sense to assume that migrants do make a "reflexive assessment" of the opportunities related to migration. However, I don't think that this is a process that should apply only to middle class skilled migrants who want to change their lifestyle. In ultime analysis all migrants being these unskilled or not, low or upper income, move because they make an assessment of their current situation and believe that they will be better off in another place
I am conducting a study on intercultural partnerships/marriages/cohabiting couples, and I am wondering where can I go to find participants? They need to be two individuals from different cultures or of different nationalities (e.g. Chinese-American, Colombian-Peruvian, Russian-Mexican...), preferably living in Florida, but will also consider anywhere in the world if they have access to Skype. I am putting out flyers in different places and an online add, but would appreciate any suggestions.
Researchers recently focus on studies for developing growth mindset in schools. A review of the literature suggests the processes and variables involved in a growth school mindset may be similar to those that develop a group open to a multicultural view in schools. Does anyone have articles referencing studies connecting multicultural views in schools or ESL teacher development with Dweck's concepts of growth school mindset? Thank you in advance.
Globalisation and cross-border movement of labor has given rise to workforces where differences in nationalities, cultures, traditions, customs, religions, languages, economies and social structures play a crucial role while flexible labor policies provide organisations with access to global talent. In addition, the large movement of populations from East to West due to continuing wars as well as the existing European strategies of protecting immigrants strengthens the existence and spread of multicultural workplaces. Thus, it is evident that the need for multicultural awareness and sensitivity becomes imperative. To this vein, how a multicultural team performs within an Organisation and in its relationships with other organisations, their groups and teams is of great value.
Student course evaluations do not usually ask for the student's ethnicity (cultural group with which student identifies e.g., African American). But, if they don't, chances are that the aggregate (sum of the different sources of data) data on course evaluations could mean course improvements in favor of the majority group. What are your thoughts?
The issue of race has been evaded in the field of Library and Information Studies (LIS) in the United States through an unquestioned system of white normativity and liberal multicultural discourse. To counteract these paradigms, this paper draws from various scholarly writings about race and racial
formation in order to center race as the primary axis of analysis in the reinterpretation of major theoretical issues in LIS. Beginning with an analysis of the historical construction of libraries as an institution complicit in the production and maintenance of white racial privilege and then turning
toward present-day discourses surrounding diversity and multiculturalism, this paper discusses at length the epistemological forms of racism that exist in LIS.