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Mountaineering - Science topic

A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.
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Publications related to Mountaineering (10,000)
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Aiming to expanding the knowledge about the distribution of myxomycetes in the Atlantic Forest biome, a study was carried out in the Serra do Teimoso Reserve, a forest fragment located within one of the slopes of the Ouricana Mountain Range, Serra das Lontras Complex, Bahia state, northeast Brazil. Two five-day excursions were conducted at Serra do...
Article
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Three strong storms that occurred on July 21, 2012, July 20, 2016, and July 16, 2018 caused severe flooding and debris flows in the mountain areas of Beijing. The detailed records of these storms and the actual occurrence time of the debris flows provide an opportunity for evaluating the thresholds derived from different types of rainfall intensiti...
Article
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Bu çalışma, İç Anadolu Bölgesi'nde Kırşehir ili Kaman ilçesi sınırları içerisinde yer alan Baran Dağı'nın florasını belirleyerek, Türkiye'nin bitki çeşitliliğinin ortaya çıkarılmasına katkı sağlamak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma alanı P. H. Davis'in Türkiye Florası grid sistemine göre B5 karesi içerisindedir. Bitki coğrafyası bakımından ise İran-...
Article
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There has to date been limited research on the economic valuation of local outdoor recreational services to inform policy and practice. This study attempts to fill this gap by estimating the annual recreational value of Tabor Mountain Recreational Park, an open-access recreational site in Hawassa City (also known as Awassa City), Ethiopia. This stu...
Article
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Background Spring waters, which are fed mainly by near-surface groundwater, provide a comprehensive picture of emissions of nitrate and other pollutants caused by the type and intensity of land use in the topographic catchment area. One aim of this study was to develop a model for predicting the contribution of nonpoint-source inputs to the nitrate...
Article
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Climate change can alter the frequency and intensity of extreme rainfall across the globe, leading to changes in hazards posed by rainfall-induced landslides. In recent decades, China suffered great human and economic losses due to rainfall-induced landslides. However, how the landslide hazard situation will evolve in the future is still unclear, a...
Article
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Earthquake-triggered landslides are common disasters of active mountain belts. Due to the lack of earthquake-triggered landslide inventory in Taiwan, it is not intuitive to observe spatial relationships and discover unique patterns between landslides and essential triggers. We examined strong earthquake events in Taiwan after the 1999 M w 7.6 Chi-C...
Article
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In 2012 the European Union adopted the Regulation No. 1151/2012, which, among others, defines the legal framework to protect the originality and authenticity of mountain foods through the “Mountain Product” quality scheme. The research aims to analyze people’s attitudes towards mountain foods and the EU Mountain Product label, as well as their area...
Article
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Background The relationship between climate and radial growth of trees exhibits spatial variation due to environmental changes. Therefore, elucidation of how the growth–climate responses of trees vary in space is essential for understanding forest growth dynamics to facilitate scientific management with the ongoing global climate warming. To explor...
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To determine urban–rural differences influencing mortality in patients with hip fracture in Colombian Andes Mountains over a 1-year period. Purpose To identify the urban–rural differences of sociodemographic variables, fracture-related characteristics, and preoperative and postoperative clinical factors associated with 1-year mortality in patients...
Article
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Background Climate and the hydrological cycle are closely linked; therefore, in the most likely scenarios of climate change, the increase in temperature may influence the expected variation in precipitation variation but will also have a major impact on the availability of water resources in the world in general and in southern Europe in particular...
Article
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Imaging observations of OH airglow were performed at Meiji University, Japan (35.6° N, 139.5° E), from May 2018 to December 2019. Mountainous areas are located to the west of the imager, and westerly winds are dominant in the lower atmosphere throughout the year. Mountain waves (MWs) are generated and occasionally propagate to the upper atmosphere....
Conference Paper
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For hundreds of years in Oman, settlements were forged in harmony with the natural features and resources of each site including mountains, wadis, and favourable climatic conditions. However, accessibility of cheap energy in the late 20th century gave rise to an urban sprawl along the lowlands and coastal areas, leading to the abandonment of the en...
Article
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Cold fronts passing through the mountain areas may produce continuous windstorm and cooling processes, potentially impacting the mountain areas' infrastructure. Cooling windstorms belong to the dynamically-driven wind in the mountain wind system. To accurately estimate the wind field parameters of these storms and provide a basis for structural win...
Article
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Process-based Forest Landscape Models (FLMs) rely on first principles to simulate ecological patterns and processes, making them uniquely powerful for forecasting ecological dynamics under unprecedented climatic and disturbance regimes. Persistent challenges with any ecological forecasting model are calibration (“tuning” the model) and validation (...
Article
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Tsinghua Social Work Review has resumed publication under the name of Purple Mountain Forum on Social Work to reflect the location of its host journal's location in Nanjing (Nanking). 【Journal name: Population and Society】 编委/学术委员会2022-2023换届正在进行中,学术志愿者(正高或其他合者可特邀)有意加入可发简历至 sheyingchen@yahoo.com(同【清华社会工作评论】投稿及中英文书章供稿信箱;收到回复为准,以确保沟通无误)。
Article
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Snowfall follows different patterns in various regions. Severity of precipitation in populated areas such as Tehran due to its effect on urban infrastructure and disruption of transportation is important in the urban management. In this study, heavy snowfall event in Tehran province investigated in January 2018. An important feature of this system...
Book
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This richly illustrated book provides an overview of the species that inhabit these atypical aquatic environments in the French and Swiss Jura Mountains. First of all, it is a field guide to recognize biotopes, but it also helps to identify problematic species. Moreover, an entire chapter is devoted to the life cycles of these species, whose knowle...
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Study region A 1 km² mountainous karst watershed on the Larzac Plateau in Southern France. Study focus The village of La Vacquerie, located at the outlet of the watershed, is punctually affected by flash floods during storm events. On the contrary, no runoff is observed in the village during other rainfalls. A sinkhole, draining surface flows at t...
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Various primate species, including golden snub-nosed monkeys, Rhinopithecus roxellana, form highly complex multilevel social systems. Breeding bands of snub-nosed monkeys maintain stability even though multiple one-male units (OMUs) within a band do not appear to engage in affiliative behaviours among units. As such, female dispersal within breedin...
Article
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Land-use change is an important research topic in global environmental change. Analyzing land-use change and its driving factors can aid in the evaluation of the current and the determination of future land-use policies. This study took Mao County, Southwest China, as the study area and used the land-use change and statistical data surveyed in 2009...
Article
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Vascular epiphytes layer is an important component of the forests; to understand their contribution to the ecosystem, it is imperative to assess the factors which affect their distribution, composition, and diversity. We studied the ecology of vascular epiphytes in Andean Mountain Forests of different successional stages, in a scenario that allowed...
Article
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Exocarp anatomy of 30 species of Atraphaxis has been studied to shed light on possible diagnostic and phylogenetic significance of carpological characters. The diversity of the exocarp structure observed in Atraphaxis was comparable to that in the entire tribe Polygoneae. The size of the exocarp cells, the size and shape of the lumen and its branch...
Article
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Free-floating bike sharing (FFBS) programs have been put into use in many cities around the world in an effort to provide travel convenience for local inhabitants. However, it is unclear whether the existing administrative subdivisions reflect the most plausible spatial structure for the daily movements of FFBS users. In this study, we first build...
Article
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Seepage is one of the major defects that plague the operational safety of mountain tunnels. Because the mechanism is very complex and influenced by many factors, traditional diagnosis can only provide qualitative suggestions and cannot guide practical maintenance. Therefore, a pathological diagnosis method is proposed in this study for quantitative...
Article
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The experiment was conducted on a natural meadow was found that the method and period of harvest in the natural mountain association affects the increase in yield and crude protein content. In the pasture and haymaking regime of use, the growth rate of the indicators was the highest, respectively, the highest crude protein production was registered...
Conference Paper
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As a result of twenty years of complex bio- and magnetostratigraphic studies, the composite paleomagnetic section of the Cretaceous of the Crimean Mountains has been elaborated. This section is compared with the geomagnetic polarity scale
Experiment Findings
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The experiment findings of the research I conducted for 12 years in the terraced hills of Zimbabwe's Eastern Highlands prove, a) by laboratory analysis, that the built archaeology was designed as gold processing tanks, and b) by Washington State University's thermo-luminescence dating laboratory, that the tanks date from AD 1180. These results conf...
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Each country has dierent heritage and tourist values, which constitute identity and generate material goods for country's economy. Blinaja Mountains (Blinaja Hunting Reserve) are one of the most beautiful and protected mountains in the Republic of Kosovo. Attractive spatial forms and landscapes of the mountains of Blinaja, created in dierent geolog...
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This paper is concerned with a class of semilinear hyperbolic equations with singular potentials on the manifolds with conical singularities, which was introduced to describe a field propagating on the spacetime of a true string. We prove the local existence and uniqueness of the solution by using the contraction mapping principle. In the spirit of...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to measure the exposure of residents to health education messages about non-communicable diseases (NCD)-related risk factors, and activities of village health workers (VHWs) in NCDs prevention and control in the mountainous setting of Vietnam. Method A cross-sectional study was performed in Dap Thanh commune (Ba Che, Qua...
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This study aims to measure the impact of travel motivation and destination image on stage of intention to visit a volcano site, particularly Anak Krakatau. "Anak" means "child". This mount is a new volcano created by the deadly eruption of the Krakatau volcano which killed 36,417 people in 1883 and had a wide-ranging impact on some of the world's e...
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Within extreme continental extension areas, ductile middle crust is exhumed at the surface as metamorphic core complexes. Sophisticated quantitative models of extreme extension predicted upward transport of ductile middle-lower crust through time. Here we develop a general model for metamorphic core complexes formation and demonstrate that they res...
Preprint
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To quantify the ecological consequences of recent nation wide restoration efforts in China, spatially explicit information on woody biomass changes over the 21st century is critical However, long term biomass tracking at the national scale remains challenging as it requires continuous and high resolution monitoring . Here, we mapped above and below...
Article
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A comprehensive understanding of the effects of mountain roads on plant diversity is critical to finding the most effective solutions for managing this particular driver. Little is known, however, about the simultaneous effects that road have on the multiple facets of biodiversity, although roads are considered to be one of the major disturbances i...
Article
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This study is the initial part of an extensive research project (GA21-25440S) focussing mainly on the long barrows of the 5th and 4th millennium BC and the reconstruction of the ceremonial landscape around Mount Říp in Central/Northern Bohemia. The extensive landscape reconstruction project, including targeted excavations, is currently being develo...
Preprint
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Species responses to climate change are widely detected as range and abundance changes. To better explain and predict them, we need a mechanistic understanding of how the underlying demographic processes are shaped by climatic conditions. We built spatially-explicit, process-based models for eight Swiss breeding bird populations. They jointly consi...
Article
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In this study, a fast multipole indirect boundary element method (FM-IBEM) was used to efficiently simulate broadband ground motions of complex sites near faults. The spatial distribution of ground motion at the mountain-valley coupling site located on the hanging wall of the strike-slip fault was quantitatively investigated. The kinematic source m...
Article
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Problems of practical application of approximation of a magnetic field given in sites of regular and irregular networks by equivalent sources, located below than surface of supervision are considered. A software realizing decomposition of a task of definition of physical parameters of sources and adaptive algorithm of the decision of system of the...
Article
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Context Accurate mapping of mountain agriculture is important for both a food-security and an environmental degradation perspective. Remote sensing provides a large and diverse data source for these complex regions and enables large-scale mapping of mountain agriculture. However, obtaining good mapping accuracy is challenging in mountain terrain....
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The Qinghai–Tibet Plateau is one of the regions most strongly affected by climate change. The climate feedback of the distribution of plateau pika, a key species, is closely related to the trophic structure of the plateau ecosystem and the development of agriculture and animal husbandry on the plateau. In order to understand the impact of future cl...
Article
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A near-source electromagnetic method known as the short-offset transient electromagnetic (SOTEM) method was proposed. Compared with the traditional far-source methods, the offset of the SOTEM method is greatly reduced, to only 0.3~2 times of the maximum depth. Therefore, the SOTEM can obtain the signal with higher signal-to-noise ratio and sensitiv...
Article
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Error evaluation is essential for the improvement and application of the Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for the Global Precipitation Measurement (IMERG) Version 06 daily precipitation estimates, including early-, late-, and final-run products (IMERG-DE, IMERG-DL, and IMERG-DF, respectively), especially for summer precipitation in complex top...
Article
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The mountain of Saghro played a very Important role in pastoral planning. The latter can be considered as a product of historical circumstances such as the old urbanization since the ancients practiced pastoral activity under the influence of time, physical needs, and circumstances such as climate and water resources, as well as social well-being t...
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With the increasing problem of global warming caused by the massive use of fossil fuels, biomass energy as a renewable energy source has attracted widespread attention throughout the globe. In this paper, we analyzed the spatial and temporal variation in wind energy in the East Asia and Western Pacific areas using IGRA site data, ERA5, and NCEP/NCA...
Article
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The increasing influx of people to mountain base environments has opened up the area to a myriad of problems that threaten the liveability of the residents and the sustainability of the environment. Yet, sufficient empirical investigations have not looked at the particular issues that threaten their liveability experience. Using the case of Idi-Ori...
Article
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This— This article presents a Firefighting Method Using Automated System On The Basis Of Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (Patent for a utility model of Ukraine No. 123017 dated 12.02.2018 Bull. No. 12 dated 25.06. 2018. Electronic document identifier 3305200618). It is used to extinguish fires in hard-to-reach areas and difficult conditions. These a...
Article
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The paucity of in-situ records, particularly in the glaciated mountainous region, is an obstacle in cryosphere ecology and environmental studies. Generally, available gauge station data is fragmented and covers valleys; thus, the use of gridded precipitation products (GPPs) is crucial in such complex terrains. However, these GPPs suffer from system...
Preprint
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Muon Tomography (MT), based on atmospheric cosmic rays, is a promising technique suitable for nondestructive imaging of internal structures in the mountains. The method uses the measured flux distribution after attenuation, combined with the known muon angular and energy distribution and a 3-D satellite map, to perform tomographic imaging of densit...
Technical Report
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Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country with dispersed population. Therefore, transportation is mainly viable by air and land which is expensive due to low density of population. Additionally, due to lack of train network, the options are further restricted to road and air. Majority of roads in rural areas are still unpaved or paved wit...
Article
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The live storage of Pakistan's major reservoirs, such as the Tarbela reservoir, has decreased in recent decades due to the sedimentation load from the Upper Indus Basin, located in High Mountain Asia. The government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa took the initiative in 2014 and introduced the Billion Tree Afforestation Project (BTAP). They planted one billi...
Article
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Current software solutions for solar-radiation modeling in 3D focus on the urban environment. Most of the published tools do not implement methods to consider complex objects, such as urban greenery in their models or they expect a rather complex 3D mesh to represent such objects. Their use in an environment that is difficult to represent geometric...
Article
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The reported annual temperature increase and significant precipitation drop in Armenia impact the country’s ecosystems and biodiversity. The present study surveyed the geographical distribution of the local wild beet species under the ongoing climate change conditions. We showed that B. lomatogona, B. corolliflora and B. macrorhiza are sensitive to...
Article
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Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. A person who has type-2 diabetes is twice as likely to have heart disease than someone who doesn’t have diabetes. Therefore, analyzing factors associated with both diseases and their interrelationships is essential for cardiovascular disease control and public health. In this article...
Article
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Mountain Pass Theorem (MPT) is an important result in variational methods with multiple applications in partial differential equations involved in mathematical physics. Starting from a variant of MPT, a new result concerning the existence of the solution for certain mathematical physics problems involving p-Laplacian and p-pseudo-Laplacian has been...
Article
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In January 2019, epilithic diatoms were collected from two streams on Mount Gumdan and Mount Yongma near Lake Paldang in central South Korea. A total of 16 diatoms were isolated and classified by molecular and morphological analysis. Morphology was studied by LM and SEM, while the molecular study focused on small subunit (SSU) rRNA and ribulose bis...
Article
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From the perspective of whole-area sponge city construction, it is important to scientifically determine the layout plan of LID facilities for controlling urban rainfall and flooding problems, given the topographical features and rainfall runoff characteristics of shallow urban mountainous areas. Current research on the optimization of low-impact d...