Science topic

# Motivation - Science topic

Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.

Publications related to Motivation (10,000)

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This article is devoted to an analysis of household demand for private tutoring in Tunisia. The data come from the National Household Budget, Consumption and Standard of Living Survey. Logistic regression models are used to determine the association between family socio-economic conditions and the decision to use private tutoring. The results show...

In this Special Issue, we invite researchers to publish papers concerning current advances in feature selection algorithms for high-dimensional settings, as well as review papers that will motivate ongoing efforts to grasp the challenges commonly faced in this field. We are seeking high-quality articles that address both theoretical and practical c...

Image Captioning as a task that has seen major updates over time. In recent methods, visual-linguistic grounding of the image-text pair is leveraged. This includes either generating the textual description of the objects and entities present within the image in constrained manner, or generating detailed description of these entities as a paragraph....

Motivated by the classifications of extreme and exposed 2-homogeneous polynomials on the plane with the hexagonal norm (x, y) = max{|y|, |x| + 1 2 |y|} (see [15, 16]), we classify all smooth 2-homogeneous polynomials on R 2 with the hexagonal norm. Key words: The Krein-Milman theorem, smooth points, extreme points, exposed points, 2-homogeneous pol...

This study examined perceived social-emotional competence (perceived-SEC) and its links with students' social-emotional motivation (i.e., autonomous and controlled motivation) and behavior (parent-reported prosocial behavior and conduct problems). Five types of perceived-SEC were examined: perceived competence for assertiveness, tolerance, social r...

Public servants are frequently confronted with unethical behaviour. Research shows intentions to report wrongdoings are increased by activating public service motivation (PSM). We study whether public servants display different reactions to different wrongdoers and whether intentions are also affected by prosocial motivation (PM). We employed a sur...

It is not until the 11th century AD that we can speak of Austria being a thoroughly Christian country (Romanowski 1994: 57). This is all the more astonishing when one considers that even before the turn of the first century most of what is today Austria was part of the Roman Empire and how quickly Christianity spread to other parts of the Roman Emp...

The disjointness problem—where Alice and Bob are given two subsets of {1,⋯,n}\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\{1, \dots, n\}$$\end{document} and they ha...

Aunque la materia de Educación en Valores capta la atención del alumnado, la transmisión, asimilación y proyección de valores en su proyección escolar, requieren de incentivos en el proceso formativo, como puede ser el Aprendizaje Servicio (ApS) como estrategia.

We introduce a new space of generalised functions with bounded variation to prove the existence of a solution to a minimum problem that arises in the variational approach to fracture mechanics in elastoplastic materials. We study the fine properties of the functions belonging to this space and prove a compactness result. In order to use the Direct...

A well-known result in quasigroup theory says that an associative quasigroup is a group, i.e. in quasigroups, associativity forces the existence of an identity element. The converse is, of course, far from true, as there are many, many non-associative loops. However, a remarkable theorem due to David Mumford and C.P. Ramanujam says that any project...

Este proyecto posee un enfoque interdisciplinar que aúna literatura y ciencia utilizando una metodología de aprendizaje basado en resolución de problemas con elementos de gamificación y diseñado como una Secuencia de Enseñanza Aprendizaje (SEA). Se ha utilizado la novela "20.000 leguas de viaje submarino" (Verne, 1869) para contextualizar la didáct...

El objetivo del estudio fue asociar el Nivel de Actividad Física y Motivación en Personas Mayores (PM) que practican Running, con variables de Sexo y Edad. Se realizó un estudio observacional de corte trasversal. Se aplicó una encuesta con variables sociodemográficas y experiencias de practicar Running, Escala Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity...

The quantum calculus provides an extra degree of freedom to search the local and global minima by inducing a q-parameter. Motivated by this fact, a quantum calculus-based noisy links incremental least mean squares (NL-qILMS) algorithm is proposed. Moreover, for the proposed NL-qILMS, we also devised various time-varying techniques for the selection...

Given graphs G,H1,…,Hk\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$G, H_1, \ldots , H_k$$\end{document}, we write G→(H1,…,Hk)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackag...

Motivated by the Eulerian ribbon graph minors, in this paper we introduce the notion of checkerboard colourable minors for ribbon graphs and its dual: bipartite minors for ribbon graphs. Motivated by the bipartite minors of abstract graphs, another bipartite minors for ribbon graphs, i.e. the bipartite ribbon graph join minors are also introduced....

The prime concerns for future disruptions in the El Niño-Southern oscillation (ENSO)-sensitive U.S.-affiliated Pacific islands (USAPIs) are centered on the consequences of increasing frequency of ENSO and related drought and flooding activities. Recent observations also revealed that island-specific rainfall and sea-level patterns appear to be diff...

Cassirer often pointed out that the physics of his time had progressively become a “physics of principles” rather than a “physics of models.” Until the 1920s, Cassirer regarded these principles (the energy principle, the relativity principle, etc.) s a constitutive but provisional form of the a priori, imposing specific limitations on the form of t...

Motivated by exploitation concerns, we argue for the importance of participant engagement in basic human intracranial electrophysiology research. This research takes advantage of unique neurosurgical opportunities to better understand complex systems of the human brain, but it also exposes participants to additional risks without immediate therapeu...

Patarák M. Motív alkoholu vo vybraných maliarskych dielach. 15. slovenská a 61. česko-slovenská AT konferencia. Alkohol Drog Záv (Protialkohol Obz), 2022; 57 (Supl 1): 29.

El mundo en el que vivimos está inmerso en un gran desarrollo tecnológico donde los alumnos tienen acceso a una gran cantidad de contenidos. Internet es el modo más rápido de acceder a estos contenidos, pero debe de mantener una determinada ‘integridad académica’. A la vez que internet se convierte en una magnífica herramienta de búsqueda de inform...

La gestión de procesos no pretende convertir al ser humano en un autómata,
pretende guiar la visión y el accionar de todos los colaboradores de la empresa, su
comportamiento y forma de realizar sus actividades y orientación de sus objetivos
hacia los organizacionales.
Visto como un medio para alcanzar la calidad, la gestión de procesos requiere
la...

In this study, the relationships between task value, self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety in everyday life in secondary school students were investigated. In addition, the mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between task value and mathematics anxiety in daily life was examined. 203 secondary school students participated in the rese...

New experimental platforms encapsulate multiple cells per microfluidic droplet, with each cell belonging to one of multiple possible types. The motivating example comes from microbial ecology, where we want to observe the interactions of microbial strains. Because droplets are formed randomly, we want to accurately predict the data throughput, the...

KAOS, a goal-based modeling language, has been extended since its creation. Searching for existing KAOS extensions and their constructs is a task that can be the start point for requirements modeling or for the creation of new KAOS extensions. This search can be performed by using strings searches in databases or through a catalogue that supports t...

Motivated by the fundamental requirements of control for wave energy systems, and the strong necessity of novel techniques to approach the WEC control problem, this open invited track intends to gather novel state-of- the-art strategies from the field of system dynamics and control, providing innovative and efficient solutions to the different comp...

Decision Diagrams(DDs) are one of the most popular representations for boolean functions. They are widely used in the design and verification of circuits. Different types of DDs have been proven to represent important functions in polynomial space and some types (like Binary Decision Diagrams(BDDs)) also allow operations on diagrams in polynomial t...

El propósito de este trabajo es analizar las publicaciones que toman como referencia la teoría de las demandas y los recursos laborales para explicar la motivación y el bienestar entre el profesorado. Para ello, se consideraron 26 artículos publicados en tres bases de datos (ERIC, WoS y SCOPUS). La revisión revela la importancia que ha adquirido es...

Motivated by the theory of Diophantine $m$-tuples, we study rational points on quadratic twists $H^d:d y^2=(x^2+6x-18)(-x^2+2x+2)$, where $|d|$ is a prime. If we denote by $S(X)=\{ d \in \mathbb{Z}: H^d(\mathbb{Q})\ne \emptyset, |d| \textrm{ is a prime}\textrm{ and } |d| < X\},$ then, by assuming some standard conjectures about the ranks of ellipti...

For many problems, some of which are reviewed in the paper, popular algorithms like Douglas–Rachford (DR), ADMM, and FISTA produce approximating sequences that show signs of spiraling toward the solution. We present a meta-algorithm that exploits such dynamics to potentially enhance performance. The strategy of this meta-algorithm is to iteratively...

Starting from the perspective of social perception of voluntary employee green behavior (VEGB) and studies on the attribution of VEGB, we explore the phenomenon that employees can show different perceptions and behavioral responses to VEGB according to their attribution to VEGB. We served to examine the hypotheses. The results of a two-wave study s...

Major manufacturers in the automotive industry are now adopting automotive Ethernet as the In-Vehicle Network standard. The increased bandwidth and lower cost have been the motivating factors to use automotive Ethernet as the backbone for interconnecting various components within the vehicle. The components that control the critical functions in th...

Given a K3 surface X over a number field K with potentially good reduction everywhere, we prove that the set of primes of K where the geometric Picard rank jumps is infinite. As a corollary, we prove that either $X_{\overline {K}}$ has infinitely many rational curves or X has infinitely many unirational specialisations.
Our result on Picard ranks i...

O algoritmo PID possui uma história de aproximadamente 100 anos e é usado em mais de 95% das malhas de controle da indústria de processos químicos. Seu sucesso vem da sua alegada atuação similar ao modo de agir de um ser humano no que concerne às suas habilidades de quantificação (Proporcional), reposição (Integral) e antecipação (Derivativo). Infe...

We investigate the possibility of using animals videos to improve Reinforcement Learning (RL) efficiency and performance. Under a theoretical perspective, we motivate the use of weighted policy optimization for off-policy RL, describe the main challenges when learning from videos and propose solutions. We test our ideas both in offline and online R...

This study aims to analyze the impact of compensation and competence on teacher motivation and performance. The research object is the teacher of the Tamansiswa Tapian Dolok Private High School, which amounts to 30 people. Data was collected through the distribution of questionnaires to respondents-data analysis using path analysis. The research an...

With the beginning of the noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) era, quantum neural network (QNN) has recently emerged as a solution for the problems that classical neural networks cannot solve. Moreover, QCNN is attracting attention as the next generation of QNN because it can process high-dimensional vector input. However, due to the nature of...

This study aims to analyze the impact of compensation and competence on teacher motivation and performance. The research object is the teacher of the Tamansiswa Tapian Dolok Private High School, which amounts to 30 people. Data was collected through the distribution of questionnaires to respondents-data analysis using path analysis. The research an...

Motivated by some discrepancies in the comparison between the rheometric viscosity function of shear-thinning fluids and the apparent Darcy viscosity function obtained in porous media simulations/experiments, we propose a model for the flow in porous media with a non-uniform pore distribution in the pore scale, i.e., inside the Representative Eleme...

The author reflects on his experience as a participant in the Professional Development Program (PDP) in 2005 and 2006 and how he has implemented elements of inquiry learning in his curriculum. He taught courses in Japan and Australia and touches on his perception of how the students in his units learned, and what the effects of (learning) culture a...

Carl Menger’s objective in his seminal book, Principles of Economics, was to elucidate a unified account of price formation. This raises a question, which motivates our paper: to what extent, if any, can Menger account for production not directly organized by the price mechanism, and therefore a theory of economic organization and its formation thr...

I develop and defend a maximizing theory of moral motivation: I claim that consequentialists should recommend only those desires, emotions, and dispositions that will make the outcome best. I advance a conservative account of the motives that are possible for us; I say that a motive is an alternative if and only if it is in our psychological contro...

In Effective Field Theory, we describe $$\mu \leftrightarrow e$$ μ ↔ e flavour changing transitions using an operator basis motivated by experimental observables. This implies that $$\mu \rightarrow e_L \gamma $$ μ → e L γ , $$\mu \rightarrow e_L \bar{e} e$$ μ → e L e ¯ e and $$\mu \rightarrow e_L$$ μ → e L conversion on nuclei probe a six-dimensio...

The term engaged workforce is increasingly used to describe the win-win situation where employers expect employees to give their best to achieve organisational objectives and employees expect meaningful and challenging job. Several studies aimed directly on the linkage between CSR and employee engagement have found a strong correlation between empl...

Motivated by Burillo, Cleary and Roever's summary on obstructions of subgroups of Thompson's group $V,$ we explored the higher dimensional version of the groups, Brin-Thompson groups $nV$ and $SV,$ a class of infinite dimensional Brin-Thompson groups and an easy class of the twisted version of the Brin-Thompson groups $SV_G$ with some certain condi...

In this article, I will begin by describing recent divisive concepts legislation, which bans teaching about aspects of racism, sexism, and equity, speculating briefly on the motivations behind it and the implications resulting from it. I will then describe how discussing divisive concepts in classrooms may be a helpful way for students to better un...

We study the $K$-armed dueling bandit problem, a variation of the traditional multi-armed bandit problem in which feedback is obtained in the form of pairwise comparisons. Previous learning algorithms have focused on the $\textit{fully adaptive}$ setting, where the algorithm can make updates after every comparison. The "batched" dueling bandit prob...

The cultural technical agnotology in sub wilfully motivated ignorance to infidelities lack of braving integrity for memory blindness dynamics of an intellectual ignorance in critical thinking that is the harm of addiction in psychobiology as the repetitive irony of the benightedness process.

La finalidad de este trabajo es conocer las motivaciones, las expectativas y los beneficios del
prácticum desde la percepción del tutor/a de la escuela. La metodología responde a un
diseño no experimental de tipo descriptivo, basado en una encuesta. La muestra está
conformada por un total de 386 maestros en activo de centros de Educación Infantil y...

Presentación orientada a conocer la percepción de importancia, motivaciones y uso de las RRSS de las investigadoras y las profesoras no universitarias en España a favor de la diseminación y acceso de conocimiento científico.
Presentación realizada en el marco del I Congreso Redes y Formación del Profesorado.
Esta presentación se hizo a partir de...

A schlieren digital imaging system is described using a webcam and the background-oriented method. The system hardware and minimum Python scripts using OpenCV are detailed. Some results are shown and the sensitivity of the proposed schlieren system is discussed which motivates its future improvement.

This paper investigates the influence of language style (formal vs. colloquial) on the effectiveness of charitable appeals. Although prior research has found persuasive effects associated with colloquial language style, we propose that the influence of language style is context dependent. Charitable appeals generally address relatively serious topi...

This paper presents a theory of change that articulates (a) proposed strategies for building trust among implementation stakeholders and (b) the theoretical linkages between trusting relationships and implementation outcomes. The theory of change describes how trusting relationships cultivate increases in motivation, capability, and opportunity for...

Let Λ be a finite-dimensional algebra over a field K. We describe how Buan and Marsh's τ-exceptional sequences can be used to give a "brick labeling" of a certain poset of wide subcategories of finitely-generated Λ-modules. When Λ is representation-directed, we prove that there exists a total order on the set of bricks which makes this into an EL-l...

Best Practice on the implementation of PBL with Video toward students, motivation and reading comprehension

Este estudo objetivou analisar as variáveis pessoais e contextuais associadas com a atuação profissional pós-carreira esportiva de três ex-atletas femininas de elite. Uma entrevista semiestruturada foi feita de modo presencial e as respostas foram categorizadas por meio da Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. O nível escolar, a motivação, a abertura ao n...

The present study was undertaken to investigate the vocational preferences of traditional and non-traditional entrepreneurs in relation to need achievement, level of educational aspiration. The main purpose of study was to ascertain whether vocational preference is a function of motivational aspects (achievement motive (n-ach) and level of educatio...

Understanding water security requires the use of indices, which are established from indicators. The dearth of indicators to compose an index to assess water security in the public water supply was the motivation for this study. The main objective of this paper was to present a novel method capable of identifying indicators for water supply at a lo...

We previously shared results suggesting that the academic motivation of a sample of French-Canadian adolescents remained stable from few weeks before the first wave to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We here examine if this pattern persisted using data collected at a third time point.

Objectives
Aimed to analyze the mediating effect of executive function between physical activity level and trait anxiety in college students.
Methods
The International Physical Activity Questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Stroop task, 1-back task, and More-odd shifting task were used to analyze 248 college students.
Results
Trait anxiet...

The primary goal of this paper is to provide substantial motivation for exploring an Acquaintance account of phenomenal consciousness, on which what fundamentally explains phenomenal consciousness is the relation of acquaintance. Its secondary goal is to take a few steps towards such an account. Roughly, my argument proceeds as follows. Motivated b...

Motivated by the substantial instability of the fundamental and high-overtone quasinormal modes, recent developments regarding the notion of black hole pseudospectrum call for numerical results with unprecedented precision. This work generalizes and improves the matrix method for black hole quasinormal modes to higher orders, specifically aiming at...

In this paper we study the magnetic trajectories as the solutions of the Lorentz equation defined by the cross product corresponding to the 7−dimensional Euclidean space. We find several examples of such trajectories and moreover, we strongly motivate our results making a comparison with the 3−dimensional Euclidean case, ambient space which was amo...

Measuring psychological attributes, such as motivation, typically involves rating scales, assuming that an attribute can be ordered, and that ratings represent this order. Previously, only the first assumption had been tested, albeit limited. First, we checked the ordinal structure of motivation, looking at whether people can establish transitive r...

The widespread use of online information resources by translation students has motivated an increasing number of researchers to investigate the relationship between online information seeking and translation performance. However, these studies mainly address the direct effect of online information seeking on translation performance, thus failing to...

In this paper, we provide a new family of tridiagonal matrices whose eigenvalues are perfect squares. This result motivates the computation of the spectrum of a particular antibidiagonal matrix. As an application, we consider the Laplacian controllability of a particular subclass of chain graphs known as half graphs.

Recently, in the paper (Liu and Luo, Phys. Rev. A 104, 052227, 2021) a very beautiful measure of the unsharpness (fuzziness) of the observables constructed via uncertainty is discussed. This measure does not depend on the values of the outcomes and can measure the intrinsic unsharpness of the observables. In this work, we also quantify the unsharpn...