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Publications related to Moral Philosophy (6,434)
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This paper argues that applied ethics can itself be morally problematic. As illustrated by the case of Peter Singer’s criticism of social practice, morally loaded communication by applied ethicists can lead to protests, backlashes, and aggression. By reviewing the psychological literature on self-image, collective identity, and motivated reasoning...
Article
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In the first part of the paper, I discuss Benatar’s asymmetry argument for the claim that it would have been better for each of us to have never lived at all. In contrast to other commentators, I will argue that there is a way of interpreting the premises of his argument which makes all of them come out true. (This will require one departure from B...
Article
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Partiality is the special concern that we display for ourselves and other people with whom we stand in some special personal relationship. It is a central theme in moral philosophy, both ancient and modern. Questions about the justification of partiality arise in the context of enquiry into several moral topics, including the good life and the role...
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In this chapter, I examined the relationship between the cerebellum, emotion, and morality with evidence from large-scale neuroimaging data analysis. Although the aforementioned relationship has not been well studied in neuroscience, recent studies have shown that the cerebellum is closely associated with emotional and social processes at the neura...
Article
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Islam is exclusively the religion of the world that has provided man with a complete code of life in the form of the holy Qurān and being a revelation from Allah; the creator of man, human nature from all angles is accommodated in the holy Qurān. As morality is one of the most dominant characteristics of human life and is addressed and given import...
Chapter
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This essay uses a foundational tool of moral philosophy--consistency--to assess how we should live and what we ought to do (the basic and core question of normative ethics). The chapter takes a liberationist stance for anymals, humans, and the earth itself from all forms of marginalization, denigration, and exploitation of any kind, including GM re...
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In the last few decades, several philosophers have written on the topic of moral revolutions, distinguishing them from other kinds of society-level moral change. This article surveys recent accounts of moral revolutions in moral philosophy. Different authors use quite different criteria to pick out moral revolutions. Features treated as relevant in...
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This paper in honor of Hans Albert ‘@100’ seeks to show how adhering to critical rationalist ‘economic philosophy’ avoids contradictions in James Buchanan’s contractarianism: restricting constitutional economic advice to what serves the ends of all potential addressees simultaneously Buchanan not only blurs the borderline between value-neutral econ...
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This paper argues for a view described as risk-limited indulgent permissivism. This term may be new to the epistemology of disagreement literature, but the general position denoted has many examples. The paper argues for the need for an epistemology for domains of controversial views (morals, philosophy, politics, and religion), and for the advanta...
Article
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Nnodim. When ethics is not involved in research and publication, it becomes a compromise. This is not healthy in academics. Ethics is a moral philosophy that deals with the concepts of right and wrong behavior. Research ethics is a growing field of study that maintains standard in conducting research. It provides guidelines for the responsible cond...
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There are striking parallels between current capability theories and the moral philosophy of Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832). This article reconstructs central arguments of Krause’s ethics and correlates them with passages from the works of Martha Nussbaum, showing that such similarities extend not only to what, substantially, is being...
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Drawing on moral philosophy, research in moral psychology has used hypothetical sacrificial dilemmas to understand how moral judgments are made by laypeople. Although heavily influential, a frequent question raised is whether responses to hypothetical scenarios are informative about instances of morally relevant behavior. Using the CNI model to qua...
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The purpose of this paper is to reveal the relationships between consumers’ religiosity and their environmental attitudes. The study also tests the mediating role personal moral philosophies, idealism, and relativism have on this relationship. The data were obtained online from 541 consumers across Türkiye, and structural equation modeling was used...
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In his famous ‘Integrity Objection’, Bernard Williams condemns utilitarianism for requiring us to regard our projects as dispensable, and thus precluding us from being properly committed to them. In this paper, I argue against commitment as Williams defines it, drawing upon insights from the socialist tradition as well as mainstream analytic moral...
Thesis
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Increasingly, Canadian young adults delay their moves from the family home or return to live with parents after a period away. Though research has identified some of the economic, developmental, cultural, and interpersonal factors related to this practice, virtually no researchers have interpreted the meanings and experiences of parent adult-child...
Article
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Short abstract: In this study I have tried to contribute in some meta-ethical reflections on moral responsibility involving disinformation. Conceptual analysis and reflective equilibrium were two methods that have been used for achieving the goals of this article. In first step, I used some citations to philosophers and some examples to show dilemm...
Thesis
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Abstract: Nancy Fraser is a philosopher, a professor of philosophy and politics, standing out in recent decades as a thinker in the field of contemporary Critical Theory, with an important influence on social movements, particularly on the feminist movement. In this context, revisiting her theory of two-dimensional/three-dimensional justice, in ord...
Preprint
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With increasing digitalization, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming ubiquitous. AI-based systems to identify, optimize, automate, and scale solutions to complex economic and societal problems are being proposed and implemented. This has motivated regulation efforts, including the Proposal of an EU AI Act. This interdisciplinary position paper...
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This article argues that in haste to define people as victims, from specific identities like race, a new woke religion is giving an interesting world a malign image. Higher Education (HE) promotes woke agendas that narrow debates and confine curricula content, by dismissing thinking and action that does not align with new identity policy and practi...
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A major question in moral psychology revolves around the role of deliberation or reflection in moral judgment. One common approach to investigating this question is to study the effect of cognitive-processing manipulations on moral judgment, which are experimental manipulations designed to either encourage participants to engage in reflection, or t...
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Purpose of Review Over the last 30 years, medical assistance in dying (MAiD) including euthanasia (EU) and physician-assisted death (or suicide, PAS) has become the center of a large debate, particularly when these practices have involved people with psychiatric illness, including resistant depression, schizophrenia, personality, or other severe ps...
Article
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At some point in the future, nearly all jobs currently performed by humans will be performed by autonomous machines using artificial intelligence (AI). There is little doubt that it will increase precision, comfort, and save time, but this coincides with the introduction of many ethical, social, and legal difficulties as well. Because machines will...
Article
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The increasing implementation of and reliance on machine-learning (ML) algorithms to perform tasks, deliver services and make decisions in health and healthcare have made the need for fairness in ML, and more specifically in healthcare ML algorithms (HMLA), a very important and urgent task. However, while the debate on fairness in the ethics of art...
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This article reviews and compares two approaches to the new, holistic, and multidisciplinary concept “Social Futuring,” which are expressed in two indices based on this concept, entitled the “Social Futuring Index” and the “Human Flourishing Index” (HFI). Broadly speaking, the Social Futuring Index is indebted to the broader context of modern socia...
Book
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[Releases May 10th] The Life Worth Living investigates the exclusion of and discrimination against disabled people across the history of Western moral philosophy. Building on decades of activism and scholarship, Reynolds shows how longstanding views of disability are misguided and unjust, and he lays out a vision for an anti-ableist moral future. T...
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Bernard Williams thought that philosophy should address real human concerns felt beyond academic philosophy. But what wider concerns are addressed by Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, a book he introduces as being ‘principally about how things are in moral philosophy’? In this article, we argue that Williams responded to the concerns of his day...
Conference Paper
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As an interdisciplinary concept, academic integrity is conceptualised and defined by scholars in a variety of ways. Simply, academic integrity is a commitment to ethical values in all academic practices. To better conceptualise academic integrity, we need to understand the relationship between integrity and ethics, which are often used as interchan...
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This paper develops a critical account of evil. By referring to Kant’s moral philosophy, I argue that evil actions have reasons and cannot be explained in terms of a lack of reason. However, these reasons of evil are not obvious but rather forms of rational self-deception. I therefore argue that the phenomenon of evil is complex and involves three...
Chapter
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The manner we run agribusiness is fundamentally ethical concern. So, we all agricultural community related with moral philosophy. Marketing ethics is an area of applied ethics which deals with the moral principles behind the operation and regulation of marketing. It is mostly concerned with topics involving public policy. In agribusiness, the m...
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P.F. Strawson contributed to many philosophical domains, including the philosophy of language, the history of philosophy, metaphysics, moral philosophy and philosophical methodology. Most of his contributions in these areas have influenced contemporary debates, either because his views are still defended or because they are still considered worthy...
Book
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In the early twentieth century, Uchiyama Gudō, Seno’o Girō, Lin Qiuwu, and others advocated a Buddhism that was radical in two respects. Firstly, they adopted a more or less naturalist stance with respect to Buddhist doctrine and related matters, rejecting karma or other supernatural beliefs. And secondly, they held political and economic views tha...
Preprint
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People make moral judgments in response to actual or hypothetical situations. But should they ignore moral judgments made in some states of mind, such as when they are hesitant, frightened, or under the influence of a drug? John Rawls thinks that moral philosophers should ignore judgments made in such states, but I introduce a proposal according to...
Book
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Did the US president who signed the order to use the atomic bomb stain his hands with blood or just ink? Are there cases in which a war is just? In such cases, is any war justifiable? Is ending the life of a terminally ill person different from murder? Do we need to agree on the definition of the embryo as a 'person' to know whether any action on t...
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Using Reidenbach and Robin’s Multidimensional Ethics Scale, this study designs three scenarios related to academic dishonesty (AD) dilemmas to explore students’ moral philosophies, behavioral intentions, and ethical judgments and further examines whether students with different individual factors (i.e., culture of place, gender, and educational lev...
Article
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In this paper I home in on an ethical phenomenon that is powerfully elucidated by means of enactive resources but that has, to my knowledge, not yet been explicitly addressed in the literature. The phenomenon in question concerns what I will term the paradox of moral perception, which, to be clear, does not refer to a logical but to a phenomenologi...
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In “Modern Moral Philosophy,” Anscombe argued that the moral vocabulary does not correspond to any concept in Aristotelian ethics, that it derives from a confused response to the ethics of divine command, and that it is literally meaningless. This essay contends that Anscombe was wrong. Morality corresponds to Aristotle’s general sense of “justice,...
Chapter
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While providing an extensive legal and moral philosophy, Kant never worked out his social philosophy in great depths. Gleaning cues from how, in the Critique of Judgment, he employed organic notions analogically in regard to societal institutions, one can, however, arrive at a reasonably clear conception of the normative contours for social organiz...
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This paper reveals a serious flaw in the consequentialist solution to the inefficacy problem in moral philosophy. The consequentialist solution is based on expected utility theory. In current philosophical literature, the debate focuses on the empirical plausibility of the solution. Most philosophers consider the cases of collective actions as of t...
Preprint
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p>At some point in the future, nearly all jobs currently performed by humans will be performed by autonomous machines using artificial intelligence. There is little doubt that it will increase precision, comfort, and save time, but this coincides with the introduction of many ethical, social, and legal difficulties as well. These great difficulties...
Preprint
Full-text available
At some point in the future, nearly all jobs currently performed by humans will be performed by autonomous machines using artificial intelligence. There is little doubt that it will increase precision, comfort, and save time, but this coincides with the introduction of many ethical, social, and legal difficulties as well. These great difficulties o...
Article
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In the present article we analyze the ethical dimensions of the issue of human nutrition. Three axes which relate our human diet and food to the moral philosophy, namely the killing of living organisms, overpopulation, and genetically modified products respectively, will be analyzed. Finally, we will refer to the philosophy of Deep Ecology and the...
Article
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Enterprises should ensure the satisfaction and trust of the customers, partners, employees, suppliers, public and all stakeholders in order to survive in today's competitive conditions. Being trustworthy is considered to be one of the most important requirements for the enterprise to reach its long-term goals. The way to ensure this condition is th...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION The basic foundation of humanity is based on ethics and morality. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behaviour". Ethics seek to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue a...
Article
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This paper opens the philosophical debate around the notion of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) and its application in Large Language Models (LLMs). Through the lens of moral philosophy, the paper raises questions about these AI systems' capabilities and goals, the treatment of humans behind them, and the risk of perpetuating a monoculture thr...
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Despite being a prevalent theme in popular cinema, revenge has received little dedicated attention within film studies. The majority of research concerning the concept of revenge is located within moral philosophy, but that body of literature has been overlooked by film studies scholars. Philosophers routinely draw on filmic examples to illustrate...
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Calixto Machado, Full Professor and Researcher in Neurology, Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Havana, Cuba Submitted February 13, 2022 Young and Bernat remark in this report that neurologists are facing novel ethical and philosophical issues "by virtue of the privileged relationship between personhood...
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This paper traces the distinction between the claims of love and the claims of morality in the work of Raimond Gaita, and disputes it using examples from Gaita’s work – particularly his use of “decency” in place of morality – which I try to understand better through this scrutiny. I disclose in Gaita’s work the tension between highlighting love and...
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Vicarious responsibility is a notoriously puzzling notion in normative reasoning. In this article we will explore two fundamental issues, which we will call the “explication problem” and the “justification problem”. The former issue concerns how vicarious responsibility can plausibly be defined in terms of other normative concepts. The latter issue...
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The legal challenges arising from the Adolf Eichmann trial in Jerusalem are widely discussed in legal theory. Less attention is given to the trial in the framework of political and moral philosophy, where the key focus remains on the nature and the origins of evil (without a doubt, fuelled by Hannah Arendt’s definition of banality of evil). However...
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This paper examines the nexus between philosophy and law as a bi-disciplinary approach to peaceful coexistence in contemporary Nigerian society. It acknowledges that a harmonious interplay of philosophy and law enables peace from single individuals to the entire society. As philosophy shapes human mind and offers man wider horizon to understand lif...
Article
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Fairness is one of the most prominent values in the Ethics and Artificial Intelligence (AI) debate and, specifically, in the discussion on algorithmic decision-making (ADM). However, while the need for fairness in ADM is widely acknowledged, the very concept of fairness has not been sufficiently explored so far. Our paper aims to fill this gap and...
Article
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Contemporary dilemmas about the role and impact of digital technologies in society have motivated the inclusion of topics of computing ethics in university programmes. Many past works have investigated how different pedagogical approaches and tools can support learning and teaching such a subject. This brief research report contributes to these eff...
Chapter
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Insofar as Wittgenstein expounded any moral philosophy, what he expounded appears very far removed from Aristotle’s – or Aristotelian – ethics. Wittgenstein’s very notion of ‘the ethical’ is so distant from Aristotle’s as even to suggest that they were just discussing different things; at any rate, we might think this if we have in mind his remarks...
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CST is widely disregarded in the academic and public discourse. This essay argues that this is the case for two related reasons. Firstly, CST is based on the pre-Enlightenment approach to moral philosophy, virtue ethics, while the mainstream in business ethics favours the rule-based approaches consequentialism and deontology and their variants. Sec...
Chapter
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Since its inception, the trolley problem has sparked a rich debate both within and beyond moral philosophy. Often used as a primer for students to begin thinking about moral intuitions as well as how to distinguish between different forms of moral reasoning, the trolley problem is not without its uses in very practical, applied field like engineeri...
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Recent work in AI ethics often calls for AI to advance human values and interests. The concept of “AI for people” is one notable example. Though commendable in some respects, this work falls short by excluding the moral significance of nonhumans. This paper calls for a shift in AI ethics to more inclusive paradigms such as “AI for the world” and “A...
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The moral debates continued to see good as merely that which gives happiness or pleasure. \"…it was assumed that what we ought to do is always a function of what it would be good to bring about: action can only be right because it produces good (J.B. Schneewind 'Modern Moral Philosophy'). It was the breaking away from this idea that was perhaps the...
Thesis
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This research aims to examine the transformation of the Aristotelian-Thomistic notion of prudence - the central concept of the doctrine of virtues and ethical matters - into "political prudence" in the sixteenth century, and the development of this concept in the theories of the "reason of state." Through this investigation, it is possible to note...
Research
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As one of the greatest masterpieces in Chinese history, Dao De Jing is a philosophical work by Laozi (Li Er, c.571-471 BCE) published in the 4th century BCE. It contains 81 chapters/verses whose essence is on moral philosophy and ideal ways for humans to be in harmony with nature, self-cultivation, governing the country, deploying military forces,...
Chapter
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Atıf (APA): Aktan, C. C., (2021), Zavallı-Kasvetli Bilim: İktisadın ve İktisatçıların İçine Düştüğü Bataklık içinde: C.C.Aktan, İktisat Nereye Gidiyor, Ankara: Astana Yayınları. ZAVALLI-KASVETLİ BİLİM: İKTİSADIN ve İKTİSATÇILARIN İÇİNE DÜŞTÜĞÜ BATAKLIK Bilimcilik, Taklitçilik, Şekilcilik, Matematikçilik, İstatistikçilik, Modelcilik, Oyunculuk, Den...
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This paper analyzes some influential ideas in virtue ethics. Alasdair MacIntyre, in his work After Virtue, and Elizabeth Anscombe, in his controversial essay "Modern Moral Philosophy", brought fresh ideas into moral philosophy of their time changing views on contemporary morality. They strongly influenced moral philosophers who then followed their...
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Already in 19' century Finland, which after being a part of Sweden had become a Grand Duchy of Russia, was done an extensive work when collecting proverbs outside Russian area by missionaries, explorers and soldiers. The article focuses on one of these explorers' work, namely on Edward Westermarck and proverbs he collected during his travels in Mor...
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L'articolo discute la contrapposizione delle neuroscienze del giudizio morale alla filosofia morale, mettendo in luce il significato politico della tesi che sia possibile, o già reale, una scienza della moralità, e che questa dimostri che il riconoscimento dei diritti equivale a un errore cognitivo. L'articolo presenta inoltre alcuni dei contributi...
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Plurality is a key notion in Arendt understanding of politics. Politics as such is based on the fact of human plurality, the fact that there are men, and not a man, and that every individual human being is different. This Arendtian insight has found general acceptance in recent political theory. However, the buzz word in political and moral philoso...
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Sembra che la via aperta da Elizabeth Anscombe, con il suo celebre articolo Modern Moral Philosophy sul senso della crescita umana (flourishing) e con la ricerca di un linguaggio preciso per spiegarne gli elementi – come desiderio, disposizione, ecc. – si sia incrociata con quella della psicologia degli ultimi decenni. Infatti, gli sforzi di divers...
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The current coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2) has presented many scientific disciplines, including philosophy, with various theoretical and practical challenges. In this paper, we deal with three philosophical issues related to the pandemic and specific approaches to them. The first part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of the term “expe...
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This is the first draft of the capstone chapter of our forthcoming book on Adam Smith. Abstract: Conceptual lenses, or models (Allison 1969; Ortmann 2008), draw on stable ways of thinking about the world, or “reasoning routines”. We explore the deep structure of Adam Smith’s work, and to what extent it is the result of a set of “reasoning routin...
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Although they are only home to 16% of the global human population, high-income countries produce approximately one third of the world’s waste, the majority of which goes to landfills. To reduce pressure on landfills and natural systems, environmental messaging should focus on reducing consumption. Messages that signal social norms have the potentia...
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The current approaches in identifying the characteristics of ethical leadership proceed mainly from a Western perspective based on virtue-driven moral philosophy (i.e., relativism) and frequently ignoring the Asian perspective of morality based on idealism. This study aimed to conduct parallel analysis in convergent design by using qualitative and...
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The article considers the theoretical and practical consequences of the so-called "soft" version of epistemological realism in Bimal K. Matilal's philosophical project. The author offers an analytical view on Matilal's philosophy, which helps to understand it in a broader prospective, comparing his arguments on perception and objectivity with conte...
Chapter
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H a r t (2 0 1 8) C o p y r i g h t Chapter 2 Remember Scarborough Re-Active Propaganda as Natural Ethics This chapter examines the morality of the German naval bombardment of seaside towns on the East coast of England in December 1914. It argues that while Hartlepool was a militarised town with Royal Navy vessels in its harbour and gun emplaceme...
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Research ethics committees in Germany usually don’t have philosophers as members and if so, only contingently, not provided for by statute. This is interesting from a philosophical perspective, assuming that ethics is a discipline of philosophy. It prompts the question what role philosophers play in those committees they can be found in. Eight qual...
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This paper examines the ethical and religious dimensions of mathematical practice in the early modern era by offering an interpretation of Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole’s Nouveaux éléments de géométrie (1667). According to these important figures of seventeenth-century French philosophy and theology, mathematics could achieve extra-mathematical...
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This paper discusses the meta-ethical implications of Wittgenstein’s later moral philosophy. According to Lovibond and Brandhorst, Wittgenstein provided a novel conception of moral facts, properties and objects by adopting deflationism. Lovibond argues that Wittgenstein’s seamless conception of language together with his non-foundational epistemolo...
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Intellectual (specialised) knowledge is omnipresent in human lives and decisions. We are constantly trying to make good and correct decisions. However, responsible decision-making is characterised by rather difficult epistemic conditions. It applies all the more during the pandemic when decisions require not only specialised knowledge in a number o...
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This paper seeks to address the ethical and moral implications of the utilization of neonatal foreskin tissue in biotechnology. Under the framing of Heidegger’s 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘘𝘶𝘦𝘴𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘊𝘰𝘯𝘤𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘛𝘦𝘤𝘩𝘯𝘰𝘭𝘰𝘨𝘺, I extend the Heideggerian concept of Enframing and standing-reserve into the utilization of neonatal tissue as a resource for biotechnology and as a comm...
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Since time immemorial, due to its metaphysically grounded perspective, western philosophy has not been able to detach itself from the egoistic outlook, and thus, the interaction with the "other" had no role in this philosophy. The world has always been interpreted from the perspective of "self" ignoring the "other". Reviewing this mode of thought f...
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Peace is a time without any fights or wars. In a larger sense, peace (or peacefulness) can mean a state of harmony, quiet or calm that is not disturbed by anything at all, like a still pond with no ripples. Many people and organizations want peace. Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed and equality...
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This book provides the foundation for a lifelong journey of ethical practice in service as a behavior analyst. The second edition of Understanding Ethics in Applied Behavior Analysis includes an explanation of each element in the Ethics Code for Behavior Analysts, along with considerations for ethical practice and examples from the field. Professi...
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Kant's argument against suicide is widely dismissed by scholars and often avoided by teachers because it is deemed inconsistent with Kant's moral philosophy. This paper attempts to show a way to make sense of Kant's injunction against suicide that is consistent with his moral system. One of the strategies adopted in order to accomplish my goal is a...
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मेरे पुस्तक का प्रतिपाद्य गीता के नैतिक दर्शन का युक्ति संगत मीमांसा करना तथा समकालिक वैश्विक समस्याओ के समाधान मे गीता की बहुआयामी प्रासंगिकता को स्थापित करने का प्रयास है ।गीता के नैतिक दर्शन का केंद्र बिंदु लोक संग्रह [maintenance of the world order]अर्थात लोकव्यवस्था की स्थापना है।गीता के नैतिक दर्शन को समझने हेतु लोक संग्रह को सम्यक रूप मे समझ...
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This is a review article about four books about ethics, international affairs and nuclear deterrence. The books by McMahan (1981) and by Hare and Joynt (1982) are valuable contributions to applied moral philosophy. All these books are discussed, including Nicholas Sims's 'Explorations in Ethics and Interational Affairs' (1981), with praise for Rona...
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Ethics is a guiding moral philosophy for decision-making and is part of a sound quality assurance/quality control program; likewise, data integrity must be rooted in sound principles. Analysts at water, wastewater, and public health laboratories owe it to their profession and the public to always maintain data integrity, otherwise risking potential...
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In this paper, we develop a neo-Humean response to the problem of moral inclusion by bringing Humean moral philosophy into deep and serious dialogue with Latin American philosophy. Our argument for achieving this two-fold aim unfolds as follows. In section one, we elucidate Mia Sosa-Provencio’s conception of a mestiza ethics of care. We begin by hi...
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This paper revisits Miki Kiyoshi’s moral philosophy through the lens of virtue ethics, with a focus on the logic of imagination (構想力の論理). Having paid specific attention to pathos for his philosophy of action (行為の哲学), Miki would proceed to highlight the importance of feeling, pathos or sentiment for morality, which echoes a feature of contemporary v...
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1. THE ENVIRONMENT: THE UNIVERSITY AND ITS GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS In the wake of several centuries of the university's existence and its social acceptance as the institution entrusted with higher education, it may seem odd to ask what makes a good university student, particularly given the seeming obviousness of the answer: being a good university...
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The ongoing conversation on AI ethics and politics is in full swing and has spread to the general public. Rather than contributing by engaging with the issues and views discussed, we want to step back and comment on the widening conversation itself. We consider evolved human cognitive tendencies and biases, and how they frame and hinder the convers...
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To treat others as one would wish to be treated is a common formulation of the Golden Rule (GR). Yet, despite its prevalence as an axiom throughout history, no digitisation of the moral philosophy exists. In this paper we consider how to digitise it so that it may be used to measure sentences such as: the boy harmed the girl, and categorise them as...
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A common question in moral philosophy concerns how we should regard traumatic histories that have influenced wrongdoing. In this paper, I argue that one standard line of response—survivors are exempt from blame for a given wrongdoing because of a traumatic history that influenced this wrongdoing—is problematic. Instead of trying to determine how tr...
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The growing interest in the study of morality has led to the birth of a new discipline in the field of moral philosophy called Neuroethics, a multidisciplinary approach that aims to combine philosophy and neuroscience. In this editorial, we explored the relevance of clinical models affected by neurological/psychiatric disorders to learn more about...
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Ethics, also called moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that researches, concepts and principles related to the essence and basis of moral. In this study, it was aimed to examine academic ethical values of medical faculty students. The study was designed as a cross-sectional descriptor in quantitative research design. Study’s sample size wa...
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Using the history classroom as a context for ethics and moral education is a long, but also contested, tradition. Recently, more emphasis has been put on how to incorporate ethics education, with this paper exploring the spaces of ethics and moral education in the history classroom. It is argued here that insights from moral philosophy and theories...
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Culture affects human social behaviors including how they make moral decisions. However, it has not been established how the brain is involved in cross-cultural moral decision making. There are several culture dimensions that impact on the effectiveness of ethical initiatives. Moral action is a consequence of an individual using moral reasoning. As...
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Background: Effective leadership is an integral component for optimal academic performance of surgical units. As one of the leading plastic surgery academic medical centers in China, the authors would like to share their experiences of using the combined parental and shared leadership approach in managing their surgical staff within the department...
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One of the ultimate problems of moral philosophy is to determine who or what is worth moral consideration or not. “Morality” is a relative concept, which changes significantly with the environment and time. This means that morality is incredibly inclusive. The emergence of AI technology has a significant impact on the understanding and distribution...
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Abstact. Although it is generally known that M.M. Bakhtin viewed himself as primarily a philosopher and not a philologist, the overwhelming majority of studies of his work belong to literary criticism. The purpose of this article, relying on the oral testimony of Bakhtin himself and his philosophical texts written in the Nevel-Vitebsk period (1919-...
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