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Mindfulness - Science topic

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Mindfulness is a very popular technique used to support mental health, there are varying attitudes towards it. However, most research has only focused on the positive side of mindfulness. For this study I am looking for people who are sceptical about mindfulness (so you doubt whether the claims made about it are true or whether it's useful) and who are willing to take part in an interview study for my undergraduate dissertation.
Taking part will give you the opportunity to have your opinion heard and contribute to research that could help to provide a fairer representation of mindfulness. The confidential interview would be 30 - 60 minutes and would take place over Zoom at a time that suits you. You must be over 18, speak fluent English, and have access to a stable internet connection and a private space where you will not be interrupted for the duration of the interview. If you think you meet the criteria and are interested in taking part please read the participant information sheet and consent form and provide your name and email address at the survey here: https://qfreeaccountssjc1.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_eJXyOYkiInZQChM
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Yes it works
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I want to measure the effect of a kind of mindfulness training on stress. For this purpose, I want to create stressful conditions for the participants in the pre-test and post-test by using VR and measuring their stress before and after the mindfulness exercises by measuring their body temperature and heart rate. For such research, what kind of video or task should I show the participants on the VR device, and for how long?
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News from Ukraine may be stressful enough.
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The direct relationship between wellbeing and social media addiction is -. 33 (p=.0026)
The indirect relationship between these two via mindfulness is -.28 (Lower CI-Higher CI were both negative).
What does this mean?
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ok, thank you!
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Hey there,
I have collected data to answer the question “Does Neuroticism Mediate the effect of a Mindfulness Intervention?” I Have collected pre-intervention Mindfulness Score and a post intervention measure (both scale). I also took a neuroticism score before the intervention to estimate the level of trait neuroticism (also scale). There was no control group.
So far I have managed to demonstrate with a paired-samples t-test that there is a significant difference between pre and post-mindfulness scores, I have used Pearson correlation to show that mindfulness and neuroticism are negatively correlated at baseline (both of these are a replication of the existing findings).
For the mediator part, I intended initially to use the model from another study which divided the neuroticism score into low, low/medium, medium high and high as a quasi-independent variable. However, the scores in my data were too clustered together without much of a range in the group (there was a high attrition rate ~45%) so these 4 groups are not possible. I have tried running a repeated measures ANOVA, where I dichotomize neuroticism into low/high, which I know is not the best idea as I will artificially restrict the variance in my data. This does however produce quite a sensible looking plot and desirable output for my study but I know it's not sound practice.
I have also tried doing what I think is a repeated measures ANCOVA, with time at 2 levels as a within subjects factor (pre and post-intervention score) and neuroticism as a covariate but I have nothing to put into the between subjects factor so I’m not sure if it’s accurate. It is giving neuroticism a value of 3.45 in the model but I have no idea what that number means or how to interpret it. It also produces a sensible looking plot showing the increase in mindfulness pre to post-intervention. I have also tried is computing a mindfulness score difference and correlating that with the level of mindfulness which also gives me a medium size positive correlation <0.05.
Any help would be greatly appreciated as I am really desperate!
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Christian Geiser Thanks for responding. I see the error of my ways now! This is for a class project so will have to write about the limitations in the discussion. Ultimately I have decided to use correlation to compare the change in score to level of neuroticism. It has been a hell of a learning curve and if I do postgrad research, I will work harder at the start to make sure the design is sound as I rushed into this project!
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I am doing research exploring the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, with a mediator of physical activity. Is ANCOVA the most appropriate method for data analysis?
IV: mindfulness (numeric variable); mediator: physical activity (categorical variable); DV: burnout (numeric variable/ categorical).
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No, I would not use ANCOVA for a mediation analysis. I would use a bootstrapping approach, such as the free macro for SPSS by Hayes.
CLC
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Hi, I'm not sure if it is suitable to use One Way Repeated Measure ANOVA for my research. My research's purpose is to see if online mindfulness intervention is effective in improving subjective well-being (SWB) and quality of life (QOL) of university staff. The situation here is, I have collected data through questionnaire at 4-time points (T1, T2, T3, T4). After T4, only 31 (n=31) subjects remained with the study. The questionnaire contains items about mindfulness, SWB, and QOL. Meanwhile, the subjects were receiving treatments through online mindfulness intervention. So, I want to analyze if the intervention is really effective by comparing their mindfulness, SWB, and QOL scores at T2, T3, and T4 with the score at T1.
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Yes, you can. To know the effect size, you can consider a mixed-effect linear model.
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Our paper is about adaptations of practices from the East in the West, including yoga, mindfulness and other forms of meditation. We are looking for references that support that practices are compromised when not applied in full. This could be because of people or organisations 'cherry-picking' what suits them while ignoring the philosophy in which they are embedded, or other examples that have been soundly explored, or a related theory.
Thanks in advance, scholars!
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The use of antibiotics might yield some examples. It isn't always wise to stop a prescribed regimen once symptoms are gone since the infection itself may not be completely gone.
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Hi,
Does anybody know of a self-report measure indexing the "runner's high" phenomenon (outside of flow scales)?
The term “runner’s high” (RH) is commonly used to describe the feeling of euphoria experienced by athletes engaged in endurance running. This state is usually characterized by (decreased) anxiety, relaxation, analgesia, euphoria, effortless running experience, and a “lost sense of time”.
Thanks!
Damien
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Running related "high" or coherent experiences is an everyday passion, as expounded in attached.
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Good Morning,
i am writing my master thesis about the work strains in german hospitals and the role of mindfulness as a moderator in the work strain- stress relationship.
Therefore I use process. In the HLR I controlled for the influence of Covid-19 for their working conditions, but the beta wasn't significant.
Now I am wondering if I should implement this control Variable in the moderation analysis as well? I guess one disadvantage would be one more predictor which could reduce the power?
What would you do?
Kind regards,
Nora
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Intresting questions
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Since I am a leadership student, i had looked at
1. Implementation and its impact on experienced teachers.
2. Mindfulness for leaders and teachers
Could you help me to frame my research question? Any suggestions and critiques on both the topics are also welcome.
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Mindfulness for leaders and teachers sounds very interesting
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I request interviews with professors and researchers on the following components
Reflective thinking
Border discourse
Mindfulness
mushfake
Help me thank you
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Reflective thinking - Excellent psychometric option - https://courses.lumenlearning.com/olemiss-writing100/chapter/what-is-reflection/
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This is my first attempt at a meta-analysis. Advice would be much appreciated!
I am looking at the effects of a specific mindfulness intervention on emotion regulation looking at the DERS questionnaire as the measure of emotion regulation.
I am analysing both the subscales scores and total scores.
I have 5 out of 10 papers that have provided the pre and post means and SDs for the subscale scores and 8/10 papers who have provided the pre and post means and SDs for the total scores.
How would I go about analysing this data? 3 studies have more than one mindfulness intervention condition and one has no control group but multiple mindfulness intervention conditions.
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Obviously reviewing and analyzing the maximum number of scientific publications of this type: whether or not they have a "Control Group" is not your problem or responsibility, you only do the Meta-analysis OF WHAT IS, NOT OF WHAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO HAVE ... but, be careful, YOU CANNOT MIX THOSE THAT DO HAVE A CONTROL GROUP WITH THEM!
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HI everyone,
I would be interested in getting in touch with professionals who are working with adults and have used Emotional Intelligence activities, Social and Emotional Learning activities and Mindfulness tasks.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Regards,
Carmen
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Thank you Luke. I have downloaded your article and am going to purchase the book you recommend.
We have just been Erasmus+ accredited for 2021-2027 and are just starting a proyect on SEL+EI+Mindfulness through Mediation (CEFR) tasks. The first phase is learning and sharing about SEL, EI, Mindfulness and Mediation. I'm sure your recommendations will be very helpful.
Kind regards,
Carmen
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Hello everybody,
I am looking for a scale measuring dependence on your supervisor to reach your target (e.g., reaching a good grade in your dissertation).
I already found the perceived power scale by Hinkin and Schriesheim (1989), but this doesn't really fit to what I am looking for.
I am really thankful for any advice given.
Best wishes,
Paul
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Giel Hutschemaekers This is very interesting work and will be of my interest. Please share if it is fine to share. Thank you.
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Mindfulness is included in 3º therapy generations, but maybe the Principal MBI instructors (or MBSR, MBCT) are using a cognitive model.
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I don't believe that MBSR and MBCT rely on the cognitive model, in that there is no underlying assumption that changing cognitions is necessary for change. Both are more experiential, relying on the client's curiosity and openness to come to their own insight about their relationships with their internal states. MBCT was designed as a relapse-prevention extension of CBT, but largely focuses on decentering the client from their thoughts, as opposed to actively changing them. So I wouldn't say that it's intentionally functional contextualist, but more so is an exploration of what works given research on the differential activation hypothesis and theories for why rumination and relapse occur in depression.
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I’m a student of philosophy and religious studies. I’m also someone who practices mindfulness techniques to deal with stress and the effects of some permanent physical injuries. I’ve been impressed by how mindfulness has improved my life, and I’m interested in learning more about its history, how it works, and how it affects others. As part of a research project, I’m asking mindfulness practitioners some basic questions about their relationship with mindfulness to better understand how people use, understand, and benefit from their practice.
If you’re interested in participating, please complete my short survey and feel free to pass it along to others. It only takes about 3 minutes since it consists of just 3 demographics questions and 4 questions about mindfulness. It is 100% anonymous and will not ask for any contact information. The survey closes at 5PM EST on April 2nd, 2021.
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This is really interesting, important and good questions for researchers consumption.
Keep it up !
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Hello together,
I am searching for a cut-off of the FFMQ (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire).
I have read a few papers and it still puzzles me how a threshold for being mindful (or not) is derived.
Thank you!
Dilek
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Hello, I would like to know if you found a solution to your question. I am wondering about the same, Dilek Akkus ;-)
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Being resilient in life, our work, and what we do has always believed to foster organisational success. There can be physical resilience, emotional resilience/psychological resilient.
Is being physically and psychologically resilient healthy for our well-being?
Are there limits to being resilient? How much is too much of being resilient and how does this affect our well-being?
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Dear Dr. Muhammad Aledeh , I agree with Dr. Salsabel Jaber ...only to a certain level.
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Good morning everyone, I'm looking for documents that explain the use of OLBI instrument for burnout. Specifically how your results are interpreted.
Thank you very much!
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Huge and vague inquiry from a non-professional active in mental health social work: I have read that there is not much evidence for the value of "I-messages." This leads me to ask about a lot of things I use:
-mindfulness in trauma reactions-
-reflective listening/validation-response
-challenging questions to people [in therapy, although I am not a therapist]
-I-statements/I messages
-Broken-record technique to avoid arguments
-Application of motivational interviewing to misinformation, e.g. "I don't want to have therapy because only crazy people need therapy."
-very simple screening questions
-scaling questions
-miracle questions
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Sorry: figure of resilience
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Il Seminario SSIP è un think tank autonomo e indipendente istituito a gennaio 2020 sull'esperienza di un precedente istituto di studi e ricerche denominato "Istituto europeo per le Nuove Professioni". Il Seminario SSIP ha le seguenti finalità (come da Statuto):
a) sostenere e promuovere ogni azione di ricerca, studi, alta formazione, anche attraverso la piattaforma e-learning,intesi alla sviluppo della coscienza internazionale ed europea, in particolare la trasmissione dei valori comuni dell’Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite (ONU), dell’Unione europea (UE), della partecipazione democratica e civica, dei diritti di cittadinanza italiana ed europea, della libera circolazione, della mobilità giovanile e del turismo; nel settore della comunicazione, privata e pubblica, favorire lo scambio di best practice tra addetti ai lavori della comunicazione istituzionale; delle nuove professioni emergenti a livello internazionale e dell’Unione europea;
b) aderire a progetti pubblici e privati finalizzati alla comprensione tra i Popoli con l’obiettivo di contribuire a raggiungere un livello di conoscenza quantomeno minimo di istruzione e di formazione; contribuire al benessere della persona attraverso un’ambiente più salubre e ecologico, attraverso la cultura, il progresso umano, economico, ambientale e sociale,ilrispetto della dignità umana, della libertà, della democrazia, dell'uguaglianza, dello stato di diritto e del rispetto dei diritti delle persone appartenenti a minoranze in una società fondata sul pluralismo, sulla non discriminazione, sulla tolleranza, sulla giustizia, sulla solidarietà, sulla parità tra donne e uomini e sul pluralismo religiosoin particolare nello spazio euro-mediterraneo;
c)affermare eincoraggiare nei giovani laureati la conoscenza del multilateralismo e delle organizzazioni internazionali, governative e non governative, nella prospettiva della carriera diplomatica, delle carriere internazionali e dei concorsi nelle organizzazioni internazionali e in particolare nell’Unione europea;
d) partecipare a progetti pubblici e privati relativi al mercato digitale per accrescere la competitività digitale ed economica di enti, imprese e persone nonchè la coesione digitale in tutta l'Unione europea e nella prospettiva mondo, in particolare nelle zone più svantaggiate e in ritardo di sviluppo;
e) aderire a progetti interculturali e realizzare scambi internazionali, gemellaggi, azioni concrete di volontariato internazionale finanziati da enti pubblici e privati, nazionali ed internazionali incluse le tematiche dell’immigrazione e dell’integrazione;
f)predisporre studi e ricerche, convegni, seminari, simposi di studio, corsi di formazione e/o aggiornamento professionale e dei docenti della scuola, intesi a favorire la consapevolezza delle problematiche e delle dinamiche internazionali, europee, della geopolitica e del fenomeno della globalizzazione.
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Interesting and important research initiative, especially for Europe.
Wishing you further success.
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Hello everyone,
I've got a question regarding deciding whether the short vs full questionnaire is better at predicting or showing an association with a variable of interest. I've used the full and the short form of the Five Facets of Mindfulness (FFMQ) to look into its association with various variables of interest (ranging from ordinal to continuous). I get not only different magnitudes of associations (e.g., rho = .3 vs rho = .5) but I also get different number of significant factors (there are five factors in the FFMQ) depending on whether the short of the full version of the questionnaire was used. This suggests that the addition or removal of some of the questions in having quite a significant difference. What tests would you propose I use to get to the bottom of this? Is there a test that can tell me with some assurance whether the short or the full FFMQ is more appropriate?
P.S To complicate things further, the full FFMQ questionnaire has around 500 participants while the short form has around 1000.
Regards,
Achilleas
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That you need to decide as per your research design, hypotheses, aim, and objectives. If you think the longer version is appropriate to use, then apply the statistical analysis on the results so generated.
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I have conducted an experimental design on exploring the effectiveness of mindfulness skills on students' psychological wellbeing. I aim to test if there is a significant change on students' levels of depression ,anxiety, emotion regualtion and mindfulness skills, depending on the intervention they have received.
The control group received no intervention and the intervention group trained and practiced mindfulness for 21 days. I test my sample twice, pre-intervention (to get a baseline) and post intervention (one group have received the intervention whereas other group is not received but tested).
In this case, I am confused if I need to use time as independent variable or not. Which ANOVA would work best ?
MAny thanks in advance.
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Hello Simge,
The same conclusion offered by Ronán Michael Conroy was explicated in a short text edited by Chester Harris (1963), Problems in the Measurement of Change: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/001316446402400333?journalCode=epma
Good luck with your work.
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Hello,
I am looking for a mindful parenting scale to use with a cohort of parents (predominately mothers) who have personality disorder related difficulties, with a preference for measures with less than 20 items.
I have thought about using the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting (IEM-P) scale (10 items) and would appreciate hearing anyones experiences with using this scale, or suggestions for an alternative.
Thank you,
Kayla
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Hello there!
Have you ever wondered if you’re making the right decisions? Or, if your choices reflect who you are and what you want from life?
Well, help me find it out.
If interested, you need to fill in this survey: https://lnkd.in/gAT44GK It’s quite intense as it unravels a quite complicated matter. Still, your participation is not only going to help me but the entire scientific community willing to understand how we can be our better versions.
For your attention, thank you! And, for your participation, double thank you! - Don’t forget to share this survey with your family and friends. With more people involved, better to predict correlations!
Happy Holidays!
Kindest Regards,
Ingrid de Moraes
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I always make the right decisions at night, perhaps because I have Nectofolia syndrome.
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Hi Everyone,
I am an MSc student at The University of Edinburgh. My team and I are in the process of designing an observational study in which participants psychological well-being will be measured pre and post a tree planting activity in the Scottish Borders. We are interested in using the State Mindfulness Scale.
Has anyone worked with this?
Thanks
Richard
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Yes! absolutely free :-) here it is
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For my undergraduate research project, my experimental group is watching a mindfulness meditation video (15 minutes) to relax them. I want a control group to watch a video as well, but one that isn't too exciting or relaxing, but neutral. Any suggestions?
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Use the meditation technique with your believe
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Let's have a starter discussion about this topic and see which areas people are most interested in.
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The impact will likely be similar to that of Transcendental Meditation, which, after much hullabaloo in the 1960s and 70s, is no longer in the public eye, but nonetheless continues to have a modest influence.
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I am considering a hypo-egoic mindset (e.g. Leary & Terry, 2012) to mediate the effects of mindfulness meditation on a cognitive outcome. Simply using a mindfulness scale seems insufficient to me, because a hypo-egoic mindset captures more than any existing conceptualization of mindfulness.
The conceptually most near scale that I´ve found is the Quiet Ego Scale (Wayment, Bauer & Sylaska, 2015), but it doesn´t really fit my purpose for several reasons. Particularly, the growth subscale is contrary to the present-focused quality of a hypo-egoic mindset.
I would be very grateful, if you have any suggestions :)
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Your suggestions helped a lot with knowledge acquisition in general and theory crafting, thanks again!
I chose to measure the mentioned constructs directly by generating items by myself and forming a scale, but, as this was my bachelor thesis, i needed to keep it very parsimonious, because experimental induction and other measures already took up much time and space. Therefore, I also had no chance to pilot test and validate my scale. It could be that it´s just measuring mindfulness - currently I´m analysing and arguing based on the theoretical foundation of my item construction and the results.
Overall, I expected way more but the results are not at all completely disappointing. A major problem that emerges is that my sample consists mostly of psychology students (who would have thought it), which is evidently limiting variance of my independent variable(s). I will, however, continue researching with the same or slightly altered experimental framework and design within the scope of my work at the chair and keep you up to date. Probably, I create a project here after my current obligations are overcome.
Greetings and stay healthy!
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I am currently recruiting for research study participants for my dissertation. The topic is "The experience of practicing mindfulness meditation among African American female doctoral students.
Terry Badey-McClelland
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The success of any organization is for selecting the right type of personnel at the right time. For selecting a candidate we have to study his resume & in the line of information we have to evaluate a candidate for his recruitment action.
With this, it depends on the requirement of the company but why selecting a candidate for the requirement of the job we have also to make a confidential note for the study of candidate & after this if necessary we should send him to training program so that his services may turn out to be fruitful
This is my personal opinion
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Hi, I have a very basic question, so I'm sorry for wasting your time. I conducted a 2-way IM ANOVA on the moderating effects of ethnicity (as a dichotomous variable - we are very limited in what variables we had data for) on the relationship of mindfulness and identity exploration in emerging adults. I was very surprised to receive a non-significant result for all my analyses, particularly given the established relationship between mindfulness and identity exploration, but I can't work out why. Could someone point me in the right direction to obtain answers, please? I did have very unequal group sizes, which I couldn't correct, based on the limitations set by the assessment.
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Thank you :)
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In the literature of mindfulness, its aspects are more commonly referred to as "facets" instead of "dimensions" (e.g., attention, awareness, etc). I wonder if the two are interchangeable?
However, if so, I still do not understand while the earlier is preferred than the latter.
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Thanks for the additional info, Muhammad Dzaky Alfajr Dirantona !
As far as I can see from the questionnaire you linked, the authors don't really use one word consistently. I can see "domains", "components", or "aspects". Maybe you would have a stronger argument if you sticked closer to their wording.
Also, if your advisor has any published work on the topic, maybe they have a preferred choice of words.
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I've been testing a mindfulness scale consisting of 6 variables. (n=375). I tried all factor retention and extraction methods and their combinations with promin rotation. BIC suggests 2 dimensions, while all others (PA, MAP, HULL) suggest 1. However, when I run the EFA for 1 and 2 factors the two factor solutions always result in a better fit (RMSEA) and the cumulative proportion of variance based on eigen values is over 75% whereas for the 1 factor models it is always under 55%. The inter-factor correlation in the 2 factor model is 0.62. Factor loadings in the one factor model are between 0.6-0.7 while in the 2 factor model 0.7-0.8 . So, should I believe the factor retention methods or the EFA results to choose between the 1 and 2 factor model? I am using FACTOR software by Lorenzo Seva.
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Dear Holger, sorry for not reacting before. Thanks for offering your help. I have been studying literature on different dimension testing methods, like higher order FA, bifactor model, mokken scaling. Literature suggests the first two are only advised if there are at least three tentative domains. Mokken scaling seems to suggest one dimensionality, but I found an article that doubts the aplicability of mokken scaling for dimension testing. The CFA carried out in Rcmdr suggests that the 2 factor model provides a better fit. As for SEM (which I am not really knowledgeable about) a statistician collague of mine said that my scale is two simple for doing SEM on it. I tried other factor retention methods since my post offered by various R packages and they suggested 2 factors. I will probably stick with the two factor solution, yet, all questions are meant to test, the same construct but from two different aspects.
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I'm writing a protocol to assess the influence of MBSR (8-week) on patients diagnosed w/chronic illness. I'd like to assess pre- and post mindfulness trait.
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Front Psychol. 2014; 5: 1164. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01164
Measures of trait mindfulness: Convergent validity, shared dimensionality, and linkages to the five-factor model
A. B. Siegling* and K. V. Petrides
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Lot of research has been done by psychologists as well as medical personnel but there is thin body of research on impact of mindfulness on work related outcomes. Let's us delve upon the importance of being mindful at workplace
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The problem with the word, 'mindfulness,' is its buzzword status. Use its definition, and consider calling it metacognition (not a buzzword, at least for now). Yes, workers should be aware of their in-the-moment cognitions, reactions, etc.
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My personal experience has been positive with a mindfulness based application on my cell phone. I was wondering if there is availability, or rather potential to develop such applications in more languages to cater to larger population of people.
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Hello Michael,
Thank you for your reply, it's great to know the answer.
Kind regards,
Manzar
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I would really appreciate a copy of the FMI-13/14 in the Japanese language version. I would like to continue my mindfulness research using a Japanese speaking population for my next study. Any and all assistance obtaining this is greatly appreciated. I’ve read studies that used it; but, I cannot seem to find a copy of it.
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Good
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Hello Deep Thinkers,
Would like to invite you to become involved in a discussion related to my research on wage-earners/blue-collar workers and their avoidance of Mind-Body Practices (i.e., yoga and meditation) to manage stress. More specifically, why are wage-earners so under-engaged in meditation and/or yoga for stress relief in or out of the workplace, in-spite of re-enforcing positive health literature on Mind-Body Interventions?
Thank you in advance for your time and attention,
MC Palasi
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Hi Mary,
The topic is interesting. Though not exactly similar but my area of work is - preference and choice in CAM and conventional medicine.
Meditation/yoga are part of complementary medicine and the effect of the same are not particularly understood by people at blue collar level, specially in underdeveloped and developed countries. Where yoga is understood as a form of exercise than its integrated mind body perspective and blue collar workers, mostly being active physical workers feels no further need for it.
Secondly, in most of the countries till date expenditure made on Yoga/Meditation is not covered by insurance.
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Hi everyone,
I have conducted a research and have some data of mindfulness scale, it's reliable and valid. Lower total score means people are more mindful, and I want to see its relationship on people's choice on employee choice for a company. Which analysis should I use? Any help will be appreciated!
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In that case you are left with two options: Kendall's Tau and t-test.
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Hin
I don't seem to find any further details on the project. I'm quite curious about the project as I've been practicing regular (1-2 hours / day) meditation for many years and have find it immensely helpful in personal, professional and social life. So I would be very interested to know bit more about the project. Many thanks.
Asta
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Hi - sorry
This is not my projekt
R. Gielen
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Hello,
I am writing my thesis on the effects of mindfulness meditation on reading in dyslexic children and I am looking for research on how reading works in the brain (what areas of the brain are activated, what mechanisms are involved...) that I would like to relate to the areas of the brain that are activated during meditation.
I know that now, thanks to neuroimaging, we have more accurate data but I can't find any solid documents on it.
Thank you for reading my message and I hope to find answers here.
Good continuation in your work and research.
Sandrine BRASSE
Bonjour,
Je fais mon mémoire sur les effets de la méditation de pleine conscience sur la lecture des enfants dyslexiques et je cherche des recherches sur le fonctionnement de la lecture dans le cerveau (quelles zones du cerveau sont activées, quels mécanismes sont mis en jeu ...) que j'aimerais mettre en relation avec les zones du cerveau qui sont activées pendant la méditation.
je sais que maintenant, grâce à la neuro imagerie, nous avons des données plus précises mais je ne trouvent pas de documents solides là dessus.
Merci d'avoir lu mon message et j'espère trouver ici des réponses.
Bonne continuation dans vos travaux et vos recherches.
Sandrine BRASSE
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I try to answer not with what i studied for my neurology exam.
Reading is a really complex function, which, in the normal person, actually stresses out several different brain skills as auditory, visuospatial and logic ones.
Basically in the individual without hearing problems, reading, both with loud voice or in his mind, means transforming the graphems into their correspondant sound, and after having "heard" it understanding through wernicke's area ad insular language centre.
People who, themselves, have hearing problems since their birth, are probably able to skip this two-phase process and, directly send the graphems to be logic matched with a meaning in the language area, without converting them into sound.
Sounds clear that the temporoparietal networks where the recognition of graphems as meaningful visual elements must function in order to keep this process, and it is here, where the visual part of reading happens, that dyslexia happens, if something goes wrong.
You can find these information on Adams and Victor's principles of Neurology.
Good luck for your thesis!
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Does anyone know of research comparing smaller vs longer doses of mindfulness training effects? In many populations (e.g., surgeons, parents with children, etc.) attending a weekly 2.5 hour MBSR class for 8 or 9 weeks is not feasible. What about more shorter duration classes?
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Hi Philippe,
We have recently reviewed the relevant research literatures in the last decade, we found that short-term training of meditation (training time < 8 weeks) may also produce (1) positive changes of mindfulness level and emotional state; (2) improved cognitive function and creativity; (3) reduction of addictive behaviors; (4) increased pain tolerance; (5) better regulation of the autonomic nervous system; (6) decreased cortisol release; (7) increased secretory immunoglobulin A; (8) altered electroencephalographical activities; and (9) plastical changes in brain connection.
Perhaps, you can try a 4-day 20min program. It may induce some state changes in state anxiety, and improve visuo-spatial processing, working memory, and executive functioning.
Wang, Y., & Luo, F. (2017). Effectiveness of Short-term Meditation: Progress,Issues and Prospects. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 25, 1184-1190.
Zeidan, F., Gordon, N. S., Merchant, J., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). The effects of brief mindfulness meditation training on experimentally induced pain. J Pain, 11(3), 199-209. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2009.07.015
Zeidan, F., Johnson, S. K., Diamond, B. J., David, Z., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: evidence of brief mental training. Conscious Cogn, 19(2), 597-605. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2010.03.014
Zeidan, F., Martucci, K. T., Kraft, R. A., McHaffie, J. G., & Coghill, R. C. (2014). Neural correlates of mindfulness meditation-related anxiety relief. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 9(6), 751-759. doi: 10.1093/scan/nst041
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I'd like to complete a meta-analysis of studies and/or data relating to the effectiveness of mindfulness in reducing suicidal thoughts for those at risk.
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If you translate mindfulness to meaning in life relative to suicidal ideation, we wrote papers on this topic. To experience meaning in life implies mindfulness because you have in the former case to be present in the now, i.e., mindful:
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I am curious about the relationship between mindfulness and motivation. Is there research specifically addressing this?
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Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum Press.
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The first question indicates towards experience of an individual as an employee and his/her interactions with a peer, senior, boss, or the organization (norms/rules/regulations) itself.
The second question indicates to share various factors that contribute building the perception of employees.
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According to Robbins and Judge (2009) the following is list of what management can do to create a more ethical organizational culture. They suggest a combination of the following practices:
  1. Be a role model and be visible. Your employees look to the behavior of top management as a model of what’s acceptable behavior in the workplace. When senior management is observed (by subordinates) to take the ethical high road, it sends a positive message for all employees.
  2. Communicate ethical expectations. Ethical ambiguities can be reduced by creating and disseminating an organizational code of ethics. It should state the organization’s primary values and the ethical rules that employees are expected to follow. Remember, however, that a code of ethics is worthless if top management fails to model ethical behaviors.
  3. Offer ethics training. Set up seminars, workshops, and similar ethical training programs. Use these training sessions to reinforce the organization’s standards of conduct, to clarify what practices are and are not permissible, and to address possible ethical dilemmas.
  4. Visibly reward ethical acts and punish unethical ones. Performance appraisals of managers should include a point-by-point evaluation of how his or her decisions measure up against the organization’s code of ethics. Appraisals must include the means taken to achieve goals as well as the ends themselves. People who act ethically should be visibly rewarded for their behavior. Just as importantly, unethical acts should be punished.
  5. Provide protective mechanisms. The organization needs to provide formal mechanisms so that employees can discuss ethical dilemmas and report unethical behavior without fear of reprimand. This might include creation of ethical counselors, ombudsmen, or ethical officers.
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Do you know any intervention program that performs aerobic exercise with teachers to improve their wellbeing or similar variables related to your health (stress, anxiety, burnout, depresion?
There are numerous intervention programs that use techniques like yoga or mindfulness but I have not found one that is based on aerobic exercise.
I am conducting research on the subject and I would like to document myself. Thank you.
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There is a new comprehensive health promotion programme for primary school teachers in South Africa (including exercise and fitness). Maybe if interest. See www.kazibantu.org
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1. Intra-personal level (or individual level)
2. Inter-personal level (e.g., peer level, subordinate level, boss/supervisor level, and organization level)
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Thank you Gopi for sharing this with me. From my (long) working experience in four continents I can say that indeed responsibility for the things you do, say or 'share' is a key factor. In addition, a full understanding of the culture, practices and morality of the people you interact with is another key factor. Furthermore, I would argue that respect is yet another key factor, independent on what the 'other side' says, thinks or does.
Best wishes,
Jan
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Dear Daniel and Philipp, I would appreciate a bit more information about this project. I wrote my Phd about Mindfulness for injuries prevention and treatment. My e-mail is silviasole@dif.udl.cat
Thank you, best regards!
Silvia
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Hi Daniel!
Thank you for answering! unfortunately I don't have any publicated article in English yet, althought I have one in second revision in a journal, let's hope well! is there a possibility of getting in contact through e-mail?
Best regards
Silvia
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I would like to expand on research by Chang, Kuo, Huang and Lin (2018), who used the AX version of the continuous performance test to assess the effect of mindfulness training on participants' abilities to shift between reactive (bottom-up stimulus-driven processes) and proactive (top-down goal oriented processes) modes of cognition.
However, I don't think the CPT provides a good assessment of how the modes are shifted in day-to-day life. To clarify, it doesn't take into account the role of context in influencing which mode is most likely to be dominant at a particular time.
Thus, I would like to assess these dual modes of cognition in a way that takes into account the influential role of situational demands in governing how people switch between both modes.
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I think one oh the best methodologies to measure cognitive schema and cognitive flexibility in the situational context is Norman Anderson's Information Integration Theory and functional measurement as a counterpart of the theory.
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I need a research paper/theory related to fear of flying anxiety (aviophobia) and mindfulness. Can anyone guide me?
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Have you tried Google Scholar?
Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Fear Extinction: Does Mindfulness Training Enhance Exposure?: https://search.proquest.com/openview/65e0506b94c4a10524cfadb1bb1aeefd/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
Effects of Values Clarification Intervention on Treatment Adherence and Homework Compliance During Exposure Therapy Protocol for Aviophobia: https://search.proquest.com/openview/00794c887fe6083ed73c3bbe2aad9be9/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
Telemental health: A status update:
Processes Contributing to the Maintenance of Flying Phobia: A Narrative Review:
Digital Technologies in the Treatment of Anxiety: Recent Innovations and Future Directions:
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In this study there are two groups (experimental and control group). The experimental group did a mindfulness intervention and both groups completed 3 different mindfulness questionnaires (each with sub scales) pre and post intervention. After the intervention (and treatment as usual for the control group) both groups were assessed on three different questionnaires that assess risk of violence.
So, I have four IVs (group and pre-test mindfulness scores on three different questionnaires) and six (!) DVs (post-test mindfulness scores on three different questionnaires and post-test risk of violence scores on three different questionnaires). One of the risk of violence questionnaire scores is categorical data; all other variables are continuous. Age is a control variable.
I want to find out:
a) if the mindfulness intervention significantly increased mindfulness versus treatment as usual
b) if risk of violence was significantly lower in the experimental versus control group
c) if a) and b) are true then is the reduced risk of violence in the experimental group due to increased mindfulness.
Is the best way to analyse this with three separate analyses e.g.
a) Repeated-measures ANCOVA with group & all 3 mindfulness pre-test scores as IVs and post-mindfulness scores as DVs?
b) One-way MANCOVA with with group as the IV and the risk of violence scores as DVs?
c) Not sure what comes next??
If you read to the end and can advise, thank you!
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Thanks, Beatrice, I'll take a look.
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In this study, one group of ex-offenders did a mindfulness intervention (there was no control group). They completed three mindfulness questionnaires before and after the intervention. Their risk of offending and several other demographic variables (e.g. age, length of sentence) were also recorded before the intervention.
I've been asked to analyse the effect of the intervention on mindfulness scores and look at whether any of the independent variables predict this.
What's the best analysis for this? I have multiple independent variables and dependent variables but only one group and I can't work out the best statistical test.
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One way MANOVA may be suitable here.
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Is it possible to conduct Correlation analysis between variables that has pretest and posttest measures? If yes, how? And if no, what kind of analysis should I be conducting?
I would like to see if mindfulness correlates well with psychological wellbeing and perceived stress. However, I collected the data in a pre and post intervention manner (for mindfulness, psychological wellbeing and perceived stress) whereby mindfulness teaching was the intervention. Seeing that I have both pre and post scores, I was confused as to how should I conduct Pearson's correlation to see the relationship between mindfulness and perceived stress as well as mindfulness and psychological wellbeing.
***Some researchers suggested averaging the Pretest & Posttest scores while some have suggested using repeated measures correlation (rmcorr).
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Mindfulness teaching was the intervention, i.e. the independent variable (between the pre/before and post/after measures). The logical next step, in my opinion, is to run an ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) with the post measure(s) as dependent variable(s) and the pre measure(s) as covariate(s) for the mindfulness teaching factor. This is a regression, an additive linear model:
post = pre + teaching group (in that order). (You may want to add the interaction factor: 'pre * teaching group').
Most statisticians would agree that change scores are NOT the way to analyze the effect of the mindfulness teaching factor, in this case.
An ANCOVA is essentially an ANOVA in which differences between levels of a factor (i.c., mindfulness teaching) are tested after controlling for (an) other variable(s), termed covariates (i.c., pre measure(s)).
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The literature so far ensues the probable discrepancies in the present mindfulness instruments either at conceptual level or psychometric level. I am going to be conducting my doctoral research in Pakistan and I am very much excited to introduce this phenomenon as an intervention or as a clinical endeavour. But i believe that this construct needs to be studied and understood as by the population it is being intended for and for that I was thinking of establishing an instrument that captures the Buddhist flavor ( having a more religious or faith-based tinge) as well as the Western psychological perspective (being relatively more tangible) .I was concerned about where to start, should I start from scratch (by first developing a working conceptual model) or should I use some earlier developed instruments as my baseline, like FFMQ ?
Any feedback or suggestions would be appreciated!!
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Thankyou for adding on Celia, I have gone through FMI, and the researches I have gone through including the critical reviews as well, FMI has been suggested to be more suitable and applicable to expert mindfulness practitioners.
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I am very interested in understanding the specific benefits of practicing mindfulness in nature as well as the associated mechanistic aspects.
Are there any studies comparing the impact of the same mindfulness technique practiced in indoor vs. outdoor settings? For example a study comparing a group that practices Open Monitoring meditation indoors to a group that practices Open Monitoring meditation in a park or wild natural area.
Many thanks!
Catherine Baumgartner
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Hi,
I was wondering if you have any results which you could share?
I am conducting MSc research on brief mindfulness and displaced aggression. I'm curious whether similar mechanism can govern both types of aggression and whether mindfulness affects them similarly.
How long is your mindfulness intervention?
Best wishes,
Dorota
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Dorota,
Unfortunately we are still collecting data (currently at 90 participants) and do not have preliminary results ready to share. I hope to have those before the end of the year. For results from a similar study, I would recommend reading Seavey's (2014) dissertation entitled, "The effects of a brief mindfulness intervention on lab-based aggression." Based on her results, brief interventions may not have much of an effect on aggression, particularly among those who are being exposed to mindful meditation for the first time (since research suggested that mindfulness can exacerbate distress the first time one attempts a mindfulness exercise); it may be helpful to control for this in your study.
With regards to the current study, participants in the experimental condition listen to a 20-minute audio-guided mindfulness exercise (i.e., "Mindfulness of Body and Breath). This audio was previously used by Yusainy and Lawrence (2014) to examine the effects of mindfulness on aggression following self-depletion. and is common practice in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (Oxford Mindfulness Centre, 2002).
I will be sure to update the project when I have results to share.
Bests,
Meagan
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I want to know about mindfulness, its advantages if any.
Please do not attach any file. Be precise in your reply.
Thanks
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Comparing mindfulness to the concept of meditation in eastern philosophy, mindfulness is not meditation. It is and exercise to be aware of present moment.
Researches have proved that it has benefits in day-to-day life.
The objective of meditation (esp. in eastern philosophy) and mindfulness is totally different.
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Most of the articles i found describe a small positive relationship between mindfulness and creativity in general. I have not seen any studies exploring this relationship with creativity performance at work. Im writing my thesis about this subject and would appreciate good literary suggestions. Thanks in advance!
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Dear Ivo, thank you for bringing this to my attention. I have read this article before and it’s been very emportant to my research. I’ve been trying to find another meta-analysis exploring the link between mindfulness and creativity, only without succes. For now i have only been able to argue that mindfulness is only partialy related (small effect size) to creativity, since the awareness aspect did not show a detrimental relationship. Also it seems to me that mindfulness might be more strongly related to individual aspects associated with creativity like flexibility. Would you agree? Maybe it would be nice to explore the causal relationship between the two concepts, with this limited amount of research i reccon this would be a hard think to do.
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Hello Roy,
I am doing a PhD in nature based mindfulness and right now I am searching for intervention studies in the field.
In 2012 we had a project for veterans with PTSD in our therapeutic forest garden Nacadia. Maybe you have heard from Bo Netterstrøm. I was head of the outdoor treatment, combining yoga, mindfulness and nature.
If you would care to share, you are very welcome to write or call.
Best, Dorthe Djernis
+45 6168 8011
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Kære Dorthe,
tak for din mail. Selvfølgelig kender jeg til dit fremragende arbejde i og med Nacadia - så, det glæder mig at vi er i kontakt nu :-). Jeg tror, at vi i dén grad har fælles interesser.
Jeg er netop i gang med at lave de indledende litteraturstudier til mit nye projekt. Selvom jeg ikke specifikt har ledt efter mindfulness interventionsstudier i naturen, så er jeg heller ikke "by accident" stødt på nogle. Du kender naturligvis arbejdet på Mariendal - men rapporterne er jo ikke deciderede forskningsrapporter.
Det kan skyldes min egen søgeprocedure, hvor jeg kun søgte efter "meditation" (og heller ikke fandt noget, men du får mig til at lave nye søgninger nu:-). Sidstnævnte afspejler nok nuance-forskellene mellem os, idet du jo har en målrettet mindfulness uddannelse, alt imens jeg blot er kommet fra yoga & buddhisme siden.
Men nu har jeg et ekstra øje åben og sender dig links etc., såfremt jeg støder på noget, der kunne interessere dig.
Mit eget projekt er som sagt lige startet - og mere et hobby-projekt, sammen med en kammerat, der er passioneret friluftsmenneske. Og så - dette fremgår ikke af beskrivelsen - bruger vi en peer-tilgang, eftersom vi begge har været igennem stress-møllen og savnede supplerende tilbud specifikt målrettet mod mænd.
Mine kontaktdata udenfor r-gate: roylanger@gmail.com, 26847466
Bedste hilsner,
Roy
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Role of mindfulness at work/businesses/leadership and day-to-day life. It is interesting to see business organisations such as BlackRock (in New York), World Bank, Google, Harvard Business Review and New York Times are interested and in conversation about contemplative practices as means of enhancing their businesses/work and overall productivity.
It is great to see the founder and director of the Centre for Healthy Minds at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Dr Richard Davidson (with over 25 years of research engagement in the area) is willing to receive the criticisms from all ends on contemplative/mindful approaches so that he can address the concerns of those who are not convinced yet.
"With distractions and poor well-being accounting for $650 billion in losses per year in the United States, this discussion focuses on ways to address the problem and give people the tools they need to thrive."
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Mindfulness is staying in here and now and enjoying the present. It is the highest virtue a person can achieve in life. A mindful person lives in the present. When his mind is not trapped in the past or worried about future, he will be able to deliver his full capacity. If a person is able to come up with his potentiality without any inhibitions, he is not only going to do good for the self but also to the environment. Thus when he is coming up, he will be improving the quality of organization directly and also inspire others to grow more.
This is how I think about mindfulness sir.
I liked your question.
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It is indeed great to see a positive trend! Training kids/children to turn inwards (as opposed to the external world) to gather a wealth of useful information towards enhanced learning is very important.
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Many thanks Ole.
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Much of the research on mind-wandering points to the costs of mind-wandering, with only a few exceptions. (See Mooneyhan & Schooler, "The Costs and Benefits of Mind-Wandering: A Review")
This may be due in part to the examination of it as part of the upsurge in mindfulness.
Mind-wandering is appears to be a basic aspect of the human mind, but what are the evolutionary reasons for it if it has more costs than benefits? What are we missing here?
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Do you mean day-dreaming?
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In most of the study I read mindfulness is a predictor of an other construct like well-being or health. But what constructs are predictors of (Trait) mindfulness? I did not find any studies about this topic.
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How mindfulness is related to productivity!
"During my study of the relationship between mindfulness and leader effectiveness, 100% of the leaders I interviewed (all having months or years of prior mindfulness training and practice) linked mindfulness to improvement in their personal and professional lives. The majority described this as being significant, often using terms such as “profound,” or “life-changing.” "
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According to Jon Kabat-Zinnl, Mindfulness is the awareness that arises when we pay attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgementally . it simply reduce the stress of the employees and Research findings frequently report a reduction in stress, depression and anxiety levels bring overall improved quality of life and wellbeing. following paper is more useful for further getting subject insight
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Background: Lee et al., (Pain, 2015) have shown in a meta-analysis that the primary mediators are distress, pain-related fear of movement, and self-efficacy. To my awareness, improvements in mindfulness and pain acceptance have only been shown to be associated with improvements in disability, but is there data on the potential mediating strength of these factors?
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Hello Nicholas,
Interesting question; I looked up the paper (which is, I think, the one) that you cited:
Lee, H., Hübscher, M., Moseley, G. L., Kamper, S. J., Traeger, A. C., Mansell, G., & McAuley, J. H. (2015). How does pain lead to disability? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mediation studies in people with back and neck pain. Pain, 156(6), 988-997.
Full text:
Is this of any relevance; I have not found the full text but did find a blog by the authors:
Bunzli, S., Smith, A., Schütze, R., Lin, I., & O'Sullivan, P. (2017). Making sense of low back pain and pain-related fear. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy, 47(9), 628-636.
These authors cited the above article, but there were no papers listed as related articles yet:
Very best wishes,
Mary
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Dualism and non-dualism have been discussed by humans from different cultures for millennia. Despite the growth of research into meditation and mindfulness there has been very little work in this particular field. There are extensive expositions of nondual awareness in a number of spiritual and philosophical traditions but little contemporary scientific enquiry (that I have found). I'd welcome signposts to work in the same or related fields to supplement the few papers so far discovered.
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Dear
My view and approach IS non-dualistic scientific enquiry (w/r to human behavioral science) . Any nature/nurture debates resolve as well as other dualistic and contentious issues, e.g. continuous development vs. abrupt changes. I have stated my basic position (esp.: large paper: "A Human Ethogram ... ") and provide full explication in 100s of essays. See
and
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I am currently designing a research focused on reading comprehension which includes an intervention program (pre/post measures). I was suggested to control baseline attentional level, since the nature of the intervention is expected to be highly related with attention. Now, the intervention will be implemented in a classroom context, so that there will be collective activities as well as individual ones. Because of time constraints, it would ideal to measure all participants at once, if possible. Alternatively, a brief test could do. The question is: does anyone know about some attention test that could collectively applied (say, in a computer lab)? If that is not possible, can any suggest some brief digital test? Test reliability is highly valued too.
Thanks
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maybe its work:
HAND BOOK OF Psychoeducational Assessment {Ability, Achievement,and Behavior in Children} by: jac j. W. Andrews
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i want to run a mindfulness program in an elementary school in order to improve students reading comprehension. i am not sure that if it is effective or not.
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I fear that you are asking something of mindfulness that it was never designed to do. Mindfulness was a bit of a craze a while back, but there's no evidence to suggest that it would help with reading. You are better off looking at proven educational methods such as Debra suggests.
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Dear friends and supporters,
I am urgently looking for participants for a small study among refugees during and after the asylum-cases. These are questionnaires as a "warm-up" for a larger survey. So far I have them in English and Arabic. Topic: spirituality and quality of life.
I thank you for support.
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This is the Link in English for online survey.
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Hello! I am a student working on a project using mindfulness training in middle school students. We are looking for several assessments for before/after the mindfulness training. We have found some but are specifically in need of:
1) Mindfulness Thinking and Action Scale for Adolescence
2) Portrait Values Questionnaire (or other values questionnaire tested in a young adolescent population)
Any advice/help is appreciated. Thank you!
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Thank you for your help, Jessica!
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Listings of therapy components are needed to fit intervention descriptions onto. I will not define 'components' here to avoid an unwanted narrowing of responses.
Many thanks!
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Hi Jennifer,
I am aware of Michies behaviour change taxonomy
and the UCL competence frameworks may provide what you need http://www.ucl.ac.uk/pals/research/cehp/research-groups/core/competence-frameworks
Or you can make your own condition-specific taxonomy beginning with a review of the literature before examining consensus for each component using a Delphi survey. This is what I did.