Science topic

Milk - Science topic

The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Milk (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated milk fat to protein ratio (FPR) in the first test-day after calving of dairy cows in Paraná State. Data from 257,847 first monthly test-days after calving of 114,162 cows were submitted to analysis after the data edition. Procedures MIXED, CORR and STEPWISE from SAS were used in the data analysis. In order to validate FPR, a he...
Article
Full-text available
Small-grain cereals with characteristics of hardiness, such as barley have been evaluated as conserved forage for cows in small-scale dairy systems (SSDSs); but barley may also be grazed due to its regrowth capability after defoliation. The objective was to assess grazing of barley at 59 (B59), 66 (B66) and 73 (B73) days after seeding with milking...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological stress negatively affects the intestinal barrier function in animals and humans. We aimed to study the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-3690 on intestinal permeability and stress-markers during public speech. Healthy students were randomized to L. rhamnosus-containing (test) or acidified (placebo) milk consumed twice daily for...
Article
Full-text available
Sheep and goats of native breeds provide milk rich in nutrients as a raw material for traditional products, especially cheeses available only in specific regions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of the raw material for production of traditional fresh cheese (bundz) and the product itself made of milk from the Podhale Zackel sheep...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to develop a model to predict muscularity and body condition score (BCS) during the lactation of Italian Simmental dairy cows in Emilia Romagna herds. A total of 2656 Italian Simmental primiparous cows from 324 dairy herds were linear classified between 2002 and 2020. Lactation curves for muscularity and BCS were mo...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of present study was to investigate polymorphism of ABCG2 (ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2) gene and its effect on litter size and milk production. The experiment included 30 ewes of Synthetic Population Bulgarian Milk (SPBM) breed from Institute of Animal Science-Kostinbrod. For genotyping of ABCG2 locus it was used only PCR amp...
Article
Full-text available
Background The determinants of tolerance to food allergens are not fully understood. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal association between oropharyngeal symptoms without systemic reactions (OSw/oS) and tolerance to food allergens. Methods We included all patients diagnosed with single food allergy to egg (n = 121), milk (n = 55), and wheat (n...
Article
Full-text available
Adulteration in milk has been a very common practice for economic benefits which is unethical and injurious to health as well. To address the critical issues, the present study reports the detection of a common milk adulterant, urea using a Lossy mode resonance (LMR) based fiber optic sensor. In the work reported herein the ZnO nanorods structure h...
Article
Full-text available
This work was originated from the need to study how animals individually react to environmental challenges. Common practical constraints in research protocols often lead to data collected at frequencies that are not high enough to capture the dynamics of animal responses. One approach to deal with that issue is to transform discrete empirical time...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study investigated greenhouse gas (GHG) emission characteristics of lactating Holstein dairy cows in East China and provided a basis for formulating GHG emission reduction measures. GreenFeed system was used to measure the amount of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by the cows through respiration. Data from a commerc...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of imported dairy products is high especially in developing countries including Nigeria where little or no milk is produced locally which makes the products expensive, out of reach to common consumers and also inconvenient for lactose intolerance and vegans. Soymilk, as plant-based milk was substituted for cow’s milk in parts and in...
Article
Full-text available
The levels of potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), Zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn), and lead (Pb) were determined in Nigerian and Brazilian milk samples. Their concentrations in powdered milk were in the order K > Ca > Na > Mg > Zn > Fe > Cu > Mo > Mn > Pb, and for liquid milk, K > Ca > Mg > Z...
Article
Full-text available
Background Considering the destructive effects of malnutrition on the growth, development, and health of children and the importance of identifying the factors affecting it, the present study aimed to investigate the status of anthropometric indices and their relationship with maternal nutritional literacy and selected socio-economic and demographi...
Article
Full-text available
Waiswa D, Günlü A. 2022. Economic analysis of dairy production in Uganda, a case study on the performance of dairy cattle enterprises in Southwestern Uganda. Asian J Agric 6: 61-67. The economic performance of dairy cattle enterprises in Southwestern Uganda was analyzed in this study. A survey was conducted on 100 dairy cattle enterprises in Mbarar...
Article
Full-text available
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is an indicator trait for urinary nitrogen excretion. Measuring BUN level requires a blood sample, which limits the number of records that can be obtained. Alternatively, BUN can be predicted using mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy of a milk sample and thus records become available on many more cows through routine milk reco...
Article
Full-text available
Background Meta-analysis describes a category of statistical methods that aim at combining the results of multiple studies to increase statistical power by exploiting summary statistics. Different industries that use genomic prediction do not share their raw data due to logistic or privacy restrictions, which can limit the size of their reference p...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To compare the cost and nutritional profiles of toddler-specific foods and milks to ‘regular’ foods and milks. Methods Cross-sectional audit of non-toddler specific (‘regular’) foods and milks and secondary analysis of existing audit data of toddler specific (12-36 months) foods and milks in Australia. Main findings The cost of all toddler-sp...
Article
Full-text available
Background The domestication of goat ( Capra hircus ) started 11,000 years ago in the fertile crescent. Breed formation in the nineteenth century, establishment of herd books, and selection for specific traits resulted in 10 modern goat breeds in Switzerland. We analyzed whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data from 217 modern goats and nine wild Bezoar...
Article
Full-text available
Background Childhood obesity increases the risk of elevated blood pressure (BP) in children. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are traditional obesity indices, but the extent to which these indices are associated with elevated BP in childhood remains debatable. Moreover, the familial dietary environmen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper gives you idea about relative impact and analysis of consumption of goat milk by stall feeding system and rearing with grazing system of goats.
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Winey has shown consistent effects on the use of torsion fields to increase Zeta Potential, including most recently, the expanded gelation of chia seeds in torsion field-exposed water. One apparent exception to this enhanced hydrophilic effect is the greater uptake of water from control samples of whole milk (a colloid) into hydrophilic polymers (P...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of homogenization and buttermilk powder addition on the dispersion of milk fat globules, viscosity and heat stability (HS) of milk. Milk was treated by high-pressure homogenization (HPH, 100 MPa, temperatures 4, 20, 40, 60 °C), as well as conventional homogenization (20 MPa, temperature 60 °C). Bu...
Article
Full-text available
A survey of willingness to consume (WTC) 5 types of plant-based (PB) food was conducted in USA, Australia, Singapore and India (n = 2494). In addition to WTC, emotional, conceptual and situational use characterizations were obtained. Results showed a number of distinct clusters of consumers with different patterns of WTC for PB foods within differe...
Article
Full-text available
Methane emissions from enteric fermentation in dairy cows make a substantial contribution to the greenhouse gas problem. Sniffer approaches represent a popular low-cost, mobile technology for cow gas emission measurement in industrial installations owing to their providing reliable emission estimates. Despite its advantages, the sniffer approach of...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of two liquid diets and the use of environmental enrichment (EE) in individually housed calves fed in open buckets. The treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design, with factor 1 as the liquid diets: Whole Milk (WM) or Milk Replacer (MR); and factor 2 as absence or presence of environmental enrichmen...
Preprint
Full-text available
We grow engineered Chlamydomonas reinhardtii directly in non-sterile anaerobic membrane bioreactor effluents and use solvent-culture two-phase product milking to yield heterologous patchoulol from the cultivation in addition to algal biomass. Growth of the strains was shown in modelled outdoor environmental conditions in Algem photobioreactors.
Article
Full-text available
Backgound: Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most common allergy in infants that decreases the quality of life of patients and their families. Standard treatment for CMA is the strict avoidance of milk; new treatment strategies such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been sought for patients with CMA. We aimed to assess the clinical efficacy and safet...
Article
Full-text available
This research was aimed to investigate the production and reproduction traits and their genetic parameters of Egyptian buffaloes under subtropical environment. Heritability, phenotypic, and genetic parameters were estimated for productive and reproduction traits of first parity This study revealed the averages TMY, 305-dMY, LL, BW, DP, SP, CI, and...
Article
Full-text available
Milk is a beverage very susceptible to various contaminants, including aflatoxins. These toxins, especially aflatoxin B1 and M1, are considered potentially toxic to human and animal health and must be constantly controlled. For this reason, this systematic review aimed to evaluate the prevalence of aflatoxins in milk from the countries that are par...
Article
Full-text available
The main characteristics of the milk productivity of Holstein dairy cattle differ in different countries due to differences in terrain, management and breeding objectives. At the same time, the manifestation of non-genetic (that is, environmental) factors during milk production, as a rule, mask the real breeding value of animals. The main goal of t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Human in close inhabitation with the cattle due to unventilated or inadequately ventilated establishments or inadequate living space, is always at a risk of sustaining infection from the cattle through different modes of disease transmission. This study hints at the increased incidences in respiratory infections among dairy workers in u...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Suitable nourishment at the stage of infancy and during the early years of a child is essential to ensure children's growth to their full potential. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for infants during the first six months after their birth, followed by breastfeeding in addition to complementary food...
Poster
Full-text available
Teat morphology is a major defence mechanism against intramammary infections. In this study biometry features of Chios dairy ewes’ teats were evaluated throughout the dry period (DP). Twelve purebred Chios dairy ewes were used during their 2nd or 3rd lactation (210 days in milk and 155 days in dry period). Fifteen examinations of both right and lef...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the first and last stocking strategies combined with a partial substitution of the protein from the supplement for urea nitrogen on nutrient intake and digestibility, milk composition, and nitrogen balance of primiparous Girolando cows. The cows were allocated to a double 4 × 4 Latin square composed of fou...
Article
Full-text available
Milk proteins determine important milk technological characteristics. Among caseins, Ƙ-casein has been correlated with fat and protein content and cheese yield. Fourteen Ƙ-caseins variants have been described but the alleles A, B and E are the most important ones due to their frequency and/or influence on the technological aptitudes of milk. Theref...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of the A2 milk as an upgrading strategy for milk producers in Brazil. The primary data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with eight strategic actors of the A2 milk chain in September and October 2021. Five producers, two researchers and one member of the movements called the #...
Article
Full-text available
Pancreatic β cell expansion and functional maturation during the birth-to-weaning period is driven by epigenetic programs primarily triggered by growth factors, hormones, and nutrients provided by human milk. As shown recently, exosomes derived from various origins interact with β cells. This review elucidates the potential role of milk-derived exo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction People with sleep disorders are under disrupted biological rhythms. Whether changing the timing of specific food consumption contributes to decreasing cardiovascular and all-cause risk is unknown. Methods A total of 8,005 participants with sleep disorders were selected from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NH...
Article
Full-text available
Paneer is the soft cheese variety made from coagulation of milk with the help of acid. This study aimed to make the vegan paneer used with Cicer arietinum milk as it is one of the good sources of all essential nutrients. Cicer arietinum contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, dietfiberibre, beta carotene, B- complex vitamins, and minerals. The Cicer...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was designed to observe the effect of season and stage of lactation on milk components of Purnathadi buffaloes. Total 346 milk samples were collected, from three different seasons (winter, summer and rainy) and stage of lactation (early, mid and late) for the study. Overall milk fat, protein, lactose, solid not fat (SNF) and total...
Article
Full-text available
The research was on the effects of combinations of cocoa pod, cassava pulp and acacia leaf on reproductive performance, milk yield and composition of wad goats
Article
Full-text available
The Guzerá breed evolved from the introduction of breeds from India, mainly the Kankrej breed, into Brazilian livestock at the end of the 19th century. Guzerá adapted well to the climatic conditions of Brazil, where it is considered a dual-purpose breed and has been used for pasture-based beef, milk or dual-purpose production systems with the use o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Globally, grasslands known by the names of prairie, savanna, steppe, and pampas in conjunction with rangeland occupy over 70% of the agricultural area of which 68% lies in the developing countries. Grasslands provide a variety of foods and forages while people also rely heavily on them for their source of earning through milk, meat, and wool pr...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this work was to investigate the potential production of Titicaca quinoa protein isolated (TQPI) to improve the quality of low‐fat desserts. In this study, low‐fat desserts incorporating TQPI (0, 1%, 3%, and 5%) were produced. The results indicated that as TQPI increased, protein content, acidity, b*, hardness, and water‐holding capa...
Article
Full-text available
Drought risk assessment provides a vital basis for drought relief and prevention. We developed a dynamic agricultural drought risk (DADR) assessment model to predict drought trends and their impacts on crop yield in real time. A weather generator was employed to produce daily meteorological scenarios to simulate drought trends stochastically. Then,...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effect of fermentation conditions (time and temperature) on the nutritional composition and health-promoting properties of raw milk, optimized naturally fermented amasi, and amasi fermented with starter culture. The composition of the products, including chemical analysis, amino acids, mineral composition, and fatty acid...
Article
Full-text available
People who work with cattle are at severe risk of serious injury due to the size and strength of the cattle. This risk can be minimised by breeding less dangerous cattle, which have a more favourable reaction to humans. This study provides a systematic review of literature pertaining to cattle genetics relating to behaviour. The review protocol was...
Article
Full-text available
This review provides a summary of extracted data from the published literature that contains drug residue depletion data for edible tissues and milk following treatment of sheep and goats. Out of 20,234 records obtained during the initial search, data from 177 records were included in this review. The data is separated by antibiotic class for ease...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Human milk (HM) is a source of many microorganisms, whose structure contains microbial protein (MP). In addition to the known health-promoting properties of HM, many activities, including immunoreactivity, may result from the presence of MP. Cow’s milk (CM)-derived MP may be 10 times more abundant than MP derived from HM. (2) Raw cow’s milk sam...
Article
Full-text available
In Algeria the development of the local milk value-chain goes through the coexistence of an emerging formal contracting and the dominant informal contracting. Since the latter encounters frequent enforcement issues that can destabilize the formal contracts, our article analyzes the efficient enforcement mechanisms that may ensure a stable coexisten...
Article
Full-text available
The recovery of phosphorus (P) from milk processing flotation sludges (MFS) using pyrolysis can contribute to a sustainable reuse of P by converting waste to fertiliser. The objectives of this study were to quantify the recovery and transformation of P following MFS pyrolysis and compare the efficacy of raw and pyrolysed MFS as organic P fertiliser...
Article
Full-text available
Nonfat yoghurt is a popular fermented product across the world. High protein powders such as Skim Milk Powder (SMP), Nonfat Dry Milk (NDM), and Milk Protein Concentrate (MPC) can be utilized in yoghurt formulations. The final Total Solids (TS), source and amount of protein in the formulation, and the physicochemical changes during storage may impac...
Article
Full-text available
The nutritional status of rural Chinese children has improved in recent years, but their nutritional knowledge is still relatively lacking. School-based nutrition and health education was conducted for children in three counties of China from 2018 to 2020. The students in the intervention schools were given two-year nutrition and health education c...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing commercialization of dairy farming, diversity of products, consumer awareness and unlimited access to various information might have influenced the perception of consumers which finally affect their purchasing behaviour. Present study attempts to study the perception of consumers on dairy farming and milk consumption by analysing primary...
Article
Full-text available
In the United States, over 70% of milk production is priced under Federal Milk Marketing Orders (FMMOs). A primary purpose of FMMOs is to facilitate orderly allocation of milk as a limited, perishable resource among alternative uses. Fundamental to FMMOs are the regulatory prices applicable to milk used in cheese and whey (Class III), and nonfat dr...
Article
Full-text available
Background In adolescents, excessive screen time leads to many adverse health outcomes and is associated with a variety of lifestyle behaviors. This study was conducted to investigate the associations between the two types of screen time and a variety of lifestyle behaviors in American adolescents. Methods Based on the Youth Risk Behavior Surveill...
Chapter
Full-text available
Value chain plays an important role for milk because of its highly perishable nature. A value chain is the instrument of strategic business analysis and planning that is used for the coordination of the value chain components and resources. Effective management of the value chain directly affects the profitability of the involved stakeholders and t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sheep milk is an attractive nutritional and functional food source. Some Dishevelled, Egl-10 and pleckstrin (DEP) domain-containing proteins can regulate lactation performance in mammals. However, systematic study of the role of sheep DEP family members in regulating lactation is currently lacking. This study aimed to reveal the roles of...
Article
Full-text available
Crossbreeding is a process in which animals from different breeds are mated together. The animals produced will exhibit a combination of both additive and non-additive genetic improvement from parental breeds that increase heterozygosity and negate inbreeding depression. However, crossbreeding may also break up the unique and often beneficial gene...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine milk fatty acids from crossbred F1 dairy cows fed on tropical grasses and supplemented with different levels of concentrate. Twelve dairy cows (50% Holstein 50% Brahman) with 60 days of lactation grazing tropical grasses were assigned to a Switchback design, with three periods of 15 days with different c...