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Military Personnel - Science topic

Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
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Publications related to Military Personnel (10,000)
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FROM PAST TO PRESENT POLICE RANKS IN TURKISH NATIONAL POLICE ABSTRACT Law enforcement (police) as the Ottoman State and previous periods was carried out by soldiers and other officials. Until it is called internal security service, military police units in carrying out this task. For this reason, the current sense, the police are not able to drive...
Article
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In this article, we demonstrate a low-cost 7.25-7.75 GHz two-stage low noise amplifier with sub-1-dB noise figure for satellite communication applications. The microstrip technology on Rogers RT5880 substrate with the dielectric constant of 2.2 and thickness of 0.508 mm were utilized to develop a low noise amplifier. The printed-circuit-board techn...
Article
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Anahtar Kelimeler Öz IRNSS Uyduları Navigasyon Sinyal Yapısı Uydu tabanlı navigasyon ve konum belirleme sistemlerinin günlük hayatta kullanımı her geçen gün artmaktadır. Bu sistemler askeri, sivil ve bilimsel amaçlı kullanımda temel bir araç haline gelmektedir. Bölgesel konum belirleme sistemleri gelişen standartları sayesinde bir cismin konumunun...
Article
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In this study, automatic modulation classification (AMC), a key part of both civilian and military applications, is looked at using a deep learning method .A lot of research has been done on feature-based (FB) AM algorithms in particular. In this paper, a robust AMC strategy based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) is proposed to solve the issu...
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(forthcoming) This article examines borderland violence in the eastern U.S.-Mexico borderlands during the U.S.-Mexico War. By analyzing and comparing military mobilization, local experiences of violence, and gendered national ideologies on each side, it explores how the conflict called the Mexican and U.S. nation-states into being, both in this re...
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This study aims to examine the relationship of military connections in the form of company commissioners with retired military backgrounds to the selection of industrial specialist auditors. The sample selection technique we use is a purposive sampling technique with several criteria. This study uses a sample of 618 public companies listed on the I...
Article
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To eradicate terrorism sternly and speedily, the Parliament of Pakistan amended the constitution and empowered the military courts to try the suspect civilian terrorists. The criticism has been copious, and multiple petitions were filed before the apex court around the country. They contended that the Parliament amended the salient features of the...
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Social determinants of health are an important aspect of improving health outcomes. Militaries have deployed global health engagement activities to meet security objectives from peacetime through post-conflict. Two frameworks, the Social Model of Health and the U.S. Institute of Peace Strategic Framework for Stabilisation and Reconstruction, have s...
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This study examines hazing among a sample of young male service members in the United States (US) military. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with active duty service members (N = 10) aged 18 to 24 at a large Southeastern US Army post to examine their conceptualization of hazing. Thematic analysis revealed three emergent themes:...
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This study adopts ARDL and VAR estimation methods to examine whether military spending crowd-out or crowd-in private investment in Nigeria. We use the data that covers the period from 1970 to 2019. Our results, based on the ARDL method, show that military spending only crowds-out private investment in the short run. In the long run, military spendi...
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Background: Self-stigma refers to the internalisation of negative societal views and stereotypes. Self-stigma has been well-characterised in the context of mental disorders such as schizophrenia but has received little attention in relation to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: This work aimed to determine the prevalence of self-stig...
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The Li-ion batteries used in electric vehicles widely employ cooling plates with mini channels for thermal management purpose. Researches on battery thermal management systems of electric vehicles are largely focused on improving the cooling efficiency hence obtaining temperature uniformity across the cells. In the present work, a streamline config...
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Aviation insurance represents a special form of activity related to providing financial protection for companies operating in the aviation field. Aviation insurance is intended for the aerospace industry to cover the risks associated with its activities. It provides general liability coverage for air transport of passengers and cargo; losses caused...
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In the early summer of 2003 the Daisy-leaf moonwort (Botrychium matricariifolium) was discovered in two places in the former Siegenburg military training area of the American Army, now nature reserve „Former NATO Training Area Siegenburg“. This nature reserve is located in the Siegenburg drifting sand area. The new discovered site of this fern, whi...
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In recent years, an increasing number of states have been upholding gender equality norms as a guiding principle of foreign policy, with some of them labeled as feminist foreign policy (FFP). While many emphasize the ethical and transformative aspects of FFP, this paper highlights how a nationalist government with strong sentiments against liberal...
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Chaos dynamics is an interesting nonlinear effect that can be observed in many chemical, electrical, and mechanical systems. The chaos phenomenon has many applications in various branches of engineering. On the other hand, the control of mobile robots to track unpredictable chaotic trajectories has a valuable application in many security problems a...
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The mechanical-hydraulic steering system of a military training aircraft is a technical problem for specialized engineers and it must be investigated and solved in a scientific manner using theoretical knowledge, calculus programs such as Mathcad, and CAD applications for design such as CATIA V5 which allows the preservation of practical experience...
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The Syrian conflict became one of the most important directions of Turkey's regional security policy, playing a key role in the redefinition of Ankara's security policy and the expansion of Ankara's power projection area and tools. The military operation "Euphrates Shield" in August 2016 thus became the first attempt at the massive use of the milit...
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Compulsive binge eating (BED) is an eating disorder that is a stable and aberrant type of eating characterized by excessive food consumption over a period of time, accompanied by a sense of loss of control over what is consumed and accompanied by feelings of shame or disgust. The aim of the study was to investigate indicators of KP, anxiety and dep...
Conference Paper
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Xülasə. Tərkibinə erbiy elementinin atomları qarışdırılmış optik gücləndiricinin bir sıra xarakteristikaları, yəni gücləndirici xassəsi, polyarizasiyadan asılı olmaması, kanallararası keçid maneələrinin minimum olması, optik tezlik zolağının geniş olması və generasiya olunan səs-küy səviyyəsinin az olması onun optik telekommunikasiya sistemlərində...
Article
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Today's military missions require pre-emptive knowledge of hostile activities in and around the conflict zone. Using a multi rotor UAV for Reconnaissance has many disadvantages, such as cost, range, reduced maneuverability and much more. The main objective is to make the UAV completely autonomous, with the transmitter on standby. By entering the fl...
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The article examines issues of optimizing the provision of psychiatric care to the population of Ukraine under the conditions of limited resources as a result of both the COVID-19 pandemic and military actions. The purpose : to offer specific organizational steps that will allow more effective use of limited available resources in providing psychia...
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While US and Dominican officials have traditionally received credit for the expansion of the public school system during the US military occupation of the Dominican Republic from 1916 to 1924, this article offers an alternative account by focusing on the role of guardians, or caretakers, in supporting and creating schools in this period. Drawing fr...
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Resilience is an important factor in counteracting the harmful effects of stress and is associated with healthy physiological and psychological responses to stress. Previous research has demonstrated the effectiveness of resilience fostering training programs in psychobiological stress response and recovery. Few studies, however, have examined trai...
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In the present work we perform the numerical characterization of the hydrodynamic and the hydroacoustic field of a notional submarine geometry (the BB2 submarine). Starting from a model-scale CFD simulation, the full scale acoustic signature of the submarine is derived. We use large eddy simulation with a wall-layer model and perform laboratory-sca...
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This article addresses the rebellion of al-Ḥārith b. Surayj, which occurred between 116 and 128 AH (734–46 CE) in Umayyad Khurasan. Combining Bactrian documents, Chinese, Arabic, and Persian narratives, and numismatic evidence, it highlights the local aspect of this rebellion. It shows that in the frontier region of Khurasan, the Umayyads were only...
Article
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The aim of the article is to find out the requirements of the professional combat activity of servicemen of the Special Operations Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to their physical and psychological preparedness. Methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodical literature, Internet data networks, documentary metho...
Article
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Welding armour steel plate is a crucial task in the construction of combat vehicle structures. The shield metal arc welding (SMAW) with austenitic stainless steel (ASS) filler is used to prepare the defect free weld joints under suitable welding parameters. Tensile property enhancement in the fusion zone of the weld joint inhibits bullet penetratio...
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The funeral reforms in China condemn widespread burial practices considered “backward” and “uncivilized” while contradicting core grassroots values. Examining collective tomb land expropriation in a former rural township of Fuzhou hosting important military infrastructures, this article highlights issues of accessibility to ancestral land in the co...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to develop a quantitative evaluation system that reflects the required performance factors that are important for a tracked vehicle crew jacket. We identified and analyzed the necessary performance factors obtained from a focus group interview and a questionnaire survey. Further, we proposed a new method of calculating...
Article
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Microwave has been widely used in many fields, including communication, medical treatment and military industry; however, the corresponding generated radiations have been novel hazardous sources of pollution threating human’s daily life. Therefore, designing high-performance microwave absorption materials (MAMs) has become an indispensable requirem...
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The use of modular munition storage systems for military purposes has grown significantly in the recent years. They have improved the flexibility and decreased the logistical burden of both domestic and international missions. This study aims at developing a modernized, economic, and effective way of using modular systems to temporarily store munit...
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The article examines the methodology of military-patriotic education of higher education students in the process of physical culture and health-related activities. The relevance of the selected research is indicated, which is determined by society's need for a responsible, self-confident, determined, physically fit individual who is able to underst...
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To leverage the existing spectrum and mitigate the global spectrum dearth, the Federal Communications Commission of the United States has recently opened the Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) spectrum, spanning 3550–3700 MHz, for commercial cognitive operations. The CBRS has a three-tier hierarchical architecture, wherein the incumbents, incl...
Article
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Modern weapon systems’ survival hinges on their detection capabilities more than anything else. In the active sonar equation, the acoustic target strength is crucial. Under the assumption of plane wave propagation, the standard target strength equation is used to forecast the reradiated intensity for the far field. The ability of a submarine to rem...
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Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) Hermetia illucens have shown some promising signs in their ability to rapidly process organic waste into a usable organic frass input. However, little is known about the effectiveness of the frass, when compared to biofertilizers produced by other organic waste consumers, such as, red wiggler worms (RW) Eisenia fetid...
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Geological features such as underlying bedrock and coarse sediment layers/deposits are known to influence sandy beach morphology, however existing observations are often spatially limited, qualitative, and/or focused on limited geological feature types. Using mobile terrestrial LiDAR data collected twice yearly from 2017 to 2021, this study quantit...
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Background: Black soldier fly (BSF) is one of the most promising species for the intensive breeding of insects given its adaptability and its efficiency in the conversion of waste. To maximize the production and use waste as substrates, it is essential to determine the larvae nutritional requirements. The study aims to evaluate the effects of 5 pr...
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While a growing literature explores the danger that authoritarian military legacies pose for regime break-down, there is little research on the effects of similar legacies in the context of multiparty politics. This is an important gap in the literature since in many cases the introduction of formal democratic institutions has led to neither democr...
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This paper analyses the dynamics of violence during civilian displacement operations. Specifically, we argue that the integration of security forces – solid command structure, monitoring of troops, and the quality of personnel – influences not only the military performance but also the level of civilian costs. That is, a highly integrated army can...
Article
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Background. In general, the work of medical institutions during the Great Patriotic War is quite well studied. However, considering medical provision on a national scale or in the Red Army, the activities of medical institutions in a particular region or area, the difficulties faced by medical institutions, often remain not fully disclosed. The pur...
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Background. The analysis in terms of historiography makes it clear that there are a lot of unresolved issues on this issue on the research agenda, both at the regional and federal levels. The purpose of this work is to thoroughly analyze the structure of citizens and villagers’ identity in Penza region during the Great Patriotic War. Materials and...
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تعد الدول الافريقية من اكثر دول العالم التي تعاني من ظاهرة تجنيد الاطفال في الحروب والنزاعات، ويقف وراءها العديد من الاسباب منها طبيعة التكوين البشري للاطفال، والعنف المجتمعي الذي يتعرضون له، وقلة الحصول على التعليم، والضائقة الاقتصادية، فضلاً عن دور الحروب والنزاعات الافريقية وغيرها من الاسباب التي اجبرت الاطفال على الانضمام الى الجماعات المسلحة و...
Article
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The effect of welding parameters on the mechanical and metallurgical properties of armor steel weldment was studied using gas tungsten arc welding process with two filler wires: carbon steel and austenitic stainless-steel filler wires (AWS A5.18 ER 70S-6 and AWS A5.9 ER 307, respectively). The joint configurations were mainly single V and single be...
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is a very fast-growing technology and has a huge impact on our daily life, including military performance. In the military, IoT known as the Internet of Military Things (IoMT) or Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT) has the function create network communication to increase readiness in the military and can apply to all...
Article
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Novitiates to the study of Middle Eastern faiths ‘know’ that much of the Druze religion is—paradoxically—unknowable: Druze sacred texts are regarded as closely guarded secrets. Not even Druze themselves are granted access to these scriptures if they have not taken a vow to become normatively observant. However, the decision to become Orthodox is no...
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Introduction The veteran population in the UK has been decreasing, however, there remains a proportion of veterans and their families who continue to experience multiple and complex health, financial, and social needs. The complex problems tend to exacerbate each other and deepen over time if appropriate support is not provided. Identifying the vet...
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One of the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union was the outbreak of several conflicts in the post-Soviet area and the emergence of the so-called para-states. Based on the systemic method of treating para-states as a system, internal and external influence factors will be indicated. The article aims to present the reasons for creating pa...
Article
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As part of the development of the army weaponry control systems, the production of a whole range of sophisticated optic-electronic devices with the interests of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan were developed and organized. For the first time, the production of various kinds of optical parts and grids was created. Special metho...
Article
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The article considers the general provisions in the field of management of a single cycle of military products, including basic provisions, tasks, objects and subjects of management of a single cycle, and functions of the main organizations – participants of works at different stages of a single cycle. The part of activity in the field of developme...
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Atilla İlhan is one of the most important authors of the Turkish Literature in the Republican Period and his novel Tip of the Knife, published in 1973, is the first novel of the seven-book Inside the Mirror series, which tell Turkey in the period covering between years 1909-1960. In his novel Tip of the Knife, İlhan presented the political and soci...
Article
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This article analyzes the changing age structure of Swedish and Finnish sailors for almost 200 years. We show that the proportion of the youngest men increased during the age of sail (i.e., the older technology). The average age increased significantly during the early twentieth century as steam (i.e., the newer technology) replaced sail in Nordic...
Article
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The name of Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States, has practically been tied together with the Vietnam War, which raged on during the entirety of his presidency. The Johnson Presidency could have been remembered after the numerous and admirable domestic policy steps he took, yet it is Vietnam, which overshadows his historical l...
Chapter
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While certainly the Atlantic Alliance was a product of the Cold War, its historical and cultural foundations were much older. This chapter considers both the short-term path which in the early Cold War years brought to the Atlantic Pact and the long-term history of the relations between Europe and the United States, focusing in particular on the An...
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Ferenc FAZEKAS 2¤ The military operations planning is one of the major functions of military staffs. The increasing complexity of the contemporary operating environment requires new approach to the understanding of the situation and realisation of a viable plan. The aim of this paper is to scrutinise the potential usage of future Artificial Intelli...
Article
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As a computing platform that can deal with problems independently and adapt to different environments, the brain-inspired function is similar to the human brain, which can effectively make use of visual targets and their surrounding background information to make more efficient and accurate decision results. Currently synthetic aperture radar (SAR)...
Article
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We humans are a noisy bunch. Our sounds fill the land and air around us, and even the oceans and seas. But we are not the only ones filling the sea with sound. Tiny snapping shrimp, also known as pistol shrimp, are some of the loudest animals in the ocean! They capture their prey by blasting it with a powerful shockwave from an enlarged claw. While...
Preprint
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Extreme energy dissipating materials are essential for a range of applications. The military and police force require ballistic armour to ensure the safety of their personnel, while the aerospace industry requires materials that enable the capture, preservation and study of hypervelocity projectiles. However, current industry standards display at l...
Article
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In this study, the viscous flow field around the mainsail of the DARPA Suboff AFF8 generic submarine fitted with two flow regulators in tandem configuration was investigated by means of computational fluid dynamics. An effective solution for the improvement of the mainsails of some of the current submarine classes of the Turkish Navy was aimed by c...
Article
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The identification of demographic factors of vulnerability and resilience in communities facing belligerent conflicts is increasingly relevant today. This representative study aims to examine the effect of protracted violence on the level of fear of the overall Israeli-Jewish population, and the role of the conflict on the connection between socioe...
Preprint
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Military chaff is a metallic, fibrous radar countermeasure that is released by aircraft and rockets for diversion and masking of targets. It is often released across the United States for training purposes, and, due to its resonant cut lengths, is often observed on the S-band Weather Surveillance Radar - 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) network. Efforts to i...
Article
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Purpose of Review Problematic anger is common in veteran and military populations, yet understudied relative to other mental health difficulties. However, in recent years, more clinical and research attention has been turned to problematic anger. This paper highlights important new findings in the epidemiology, course, and neurobiology of anger, th...
Article
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This is a case study detailing the 2022 IELA Bronze award winner for Mobile Learning Experience, the Samaritans Veterans App. This project was designed to support military service leavers and veterans in developing wellbeing management techniques and skills in order to facilitate a successful transition back into civilian life.
Article
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Ocean exploration has always been an important strategic direction for the joint efforts of all mankind. Many countries in the world today are developing their own underwater autonomous explorers to better explore the seabed. Vision, as the core technology of autonomous underwater explorers, has a great impact on the efficiency of exploration. Diff...
Article
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The intervention of members of the federal and military police at the airport in Ostrava-Mošnov on August 29, 1991 became the most scandalous security case since the action of the then SNB on November 17, 1989 on Národní trida in Prague. The dubious circumstances of the intervention stemmed from the nature of its goal, i.e. the effort to find an al...
Article
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Camouflaged target segmentation has been widely used in both civil and military applications, such as wildlife behaviour monitoring, crop pest control, and battle reconnaissance. However, it is difficult to distinguish camouflaged objects and natural backgrounds using traditional grey-level feature extraction. In this paper, a compressive bidirecti...
Article
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There were two sets of Falkland Islands fought over in 1982. To the British, including the islanders, they were of course the Falklands, but to the Argentines they were the Malvinas. Some in the British military thought the islands were off the coast of Scotland when they first heard of them, in most cases just before deployment. By way of contrast...