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Publications related to Microthermometry (1,509)
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Article
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An indication of high‐sulfidation epithermal–porphyry transition was observed in the Kumbokarno prospect, East Java, Indonesia. The prospect is composed of two Middle Miocene intrusions with tonalitic and dioritic compositions. Tonalite, the main host‐rock was subjected to argillic, advanced argillic, and vuggy quartz alteration, whereas the juxtap...
Conference Paper
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Concentric globular microtextures formed by alternative bending of colloidal amorphous silica associated with sulfide and sulfosalt grains surrounding an opaque center (hollow?) are characteristic in the successive rhythmically banded colloidal textures in some veins from the Sacaramb epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, in Metaliferi Mountains, western Ro...
Presentation
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Session: 4hP3 Metals, volatiles, and ore formation in various tectonic settings References [1]Dinca G. (2019) PhD thesis Univ. Bucharest; [2] Alderton D.H.M., Fallick A.E. (1998) Ec.Geol., 95, 495-516; [3] Hurai V., Huraiova M., Slobodnik M., Thomas R. (2015) Geofuid-Development in Microthermometry, Spectroscopy, Thermodynamics and Stable Isotopes....
Article
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The Xiawolong gold deposit, located in the Muping–Rushan gold metallogenic belt (eastern Jiaodong Peninsula), is a newly discovered deposit that developed in the late Early Cretaceous as fine-grained granite. Gold mineralization, which mainly occurs in the middle of fresh fine-grained granite dikes, consists of stockwork-style and disseminated ores...
Poster
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Serpentinization of ultramafic rocks producing natural hydrogen is extensively investigated at seafloor and continents seepage sites. Much less known is that remarkable amounts of hydrogen are detected in peralkaline plutons (e.g. Ilímaussaq, Greenland; Strange Lake, Canada). The most spectacular occurrences are Khibiny and Lovozero (Russia) where...
Article
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The Bundelkhand “giant quartz reef” (BGQR) system comprises 20 major quartz reefs which run for tens of km in strike length of average width of 40 m and occurs in spatial intervals of 12–19 km in the Bundelkhand craton, North Central India. The BGQR system is distinct from quartz vein systems originating from crustal scale shearing observed in anci...
Article
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Stibnite was mined until the end of the twentieth century in the Schlaining ore district, Austria, near the easternmost border of the Eastern Alps where windows of Penninic ophiolites and metasediments are exposed below Austroalpine tectonic units. In Early Miocene, structurally controlled small vein and metasomatic stibnite-quartz deposits were fo...
Article
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Deep burial of sedimentary basins results in the development of complex diagenetic environments influenced by pressure, temperature, and metasomatic chemical processes. Fracture systems resulting from deep tectonic-related burial can provide archives of physio-chemical characteristics during burial helping unravel diagenetic events such as hydrocar...
Article
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The Kahak, Raveh, and Khoreh stratabound sideritic-ankeritic iron deposits are located in the Malayer-Esfahan metallogenic belt (MEMB), Iran. Geological, geochemical, fluid inclusion and S isotope studies have been carried out on the Kahak, Raveh, and Khoreh deposits which are hosted by different types of Lower Cretaceous dolomite, sandstone, and t...
Article
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The petrographic analysis in calcite minerals in carbonatitic dykes from Fuerteventura Basal Complex (Ajuy, Punta de la Nao) shows the presence of isolated primary fluid inclusions, corroborating their magmatic origin instead of a late-stage origin. Micro-thermometric studies in calcite show a restricted range of apparent eutectic temperature (Te*=...
Conference Paper
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In the time frame after initial deposition but prior to lithification, sediments are frequently prone to physical, chemical, or biological disturbance. The resultant structures-commonly referred to as soft sediment deformation (SSD)-can be explained by a variety of mechanisms, each defined by a distinct set of parameters. Among the factors responsi...
Preprint
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This study uses veins, striated faults, and fluid inclusions (FIs) for deciphering the tectonic stresses and the role of fluids in the evolution of the South Almora Thrust Zone (SATZ). The paleostress analysis implies that the SATZ bears a record of four different stress states. The syntectonic fluids preserved in the fluid inclusions in the quartz...
Article
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The fluid inclusion technique was utilized to reveal the petroleum charging events in the lithologic reservoirs embraced in the Late Eocene Shahejie Formation of the Minfeng sag, Bohai Bay Basin, East China. Petrography, fluorescence microspectrometry, and microthermometry were systematically carried out on 15 double-polished thin sections handled...
Article
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Silcretes have long been recognized as modern and ancient duricrusts, but more recently also as silicified layers precipitated at groundwater tables, termed groundwater silcrete. However, the silica sources, transport mechanisms, and precipitation processes of groundwater silcrete are not well understood, and models are limited to the near-surface...
Article
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The Dakalasu No.1 pegmatitic rare-element deposit is a representative of Be-Nb-Ta pegmatites in Altai, Xinjiang, China. Beryl is the most important beryllium-carrying mineral in Dakalasu No.1 pegmatite. To constrain the concentration mechanism of Be, we conducted a study of the textural relationships and chemical compositions (major and trace eleme...
Article
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The petrographic characteristics of fluid inclusions of the main gas-bearing intervals of the Upper Paleozoic in the Ordos Basin are analyzed by means of plane-polarized light, fluorescence microscopy, and microthermometry. With the burial history of the basin, the charging and enrichment of natural gas in low-permeability reservoirs are also studi...
Article
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The Passa Três granite is a 5 km2 intrusion in southern Brazil with an NNE–SSW-elongated shape, hosting gold-bearing quartz veins with fluorite, carbonates, sulphides (pyrite, chalcopyrite, aikinite, molybdenite) and native gold. Orebodies are hosted by the pluton roof zone, which is marked by various textures indicating magmatic–hydrothermal trans...
Article
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Fracture-pore complexes, located at fault zones of Darriwilian carbonates, are the main exploration targets in the Shunbei area, Tarim Basin. This article focuses on the carbonate characteristics in the Lower Ordovician of Well ShunbeiPeng1 (SHBP1), the carbonate is sandwiched by two trending NW-SE deep-seated, strike-slip faults in the Shuntuoguol...
Article
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Raman spectroscopy is a powerful method for determining the densities of gas species in fluid inclusions, especially for H2-bearing inclusions in which the microthermometry approach is difficult to apply. The relationships between Raman peak position and H2 density have been recorded in several previous studies. However, systematic discrepancies ex...
Article
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Bilihe is a porphyry gold deposit located in the northern margin of the North China Craton (NCC), Inner Mongolia, China. Different stages of quartz are well developed at this deposit. To document the history of quartz deposition, the fluid evolution and gold precipitation events of the deposit and the detailed oxygen isotope signatures of quartz fr...
Article
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The Hermyingyi quartz vein–type W–Sn deposit is one of the major tungsten and tin producers in Myanmar. It comprises a series of north-trending wolframite-cassiterite-bearing quartz veins mainly hosted in the Late Cretaceous monzogranite which intruded into Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks. Conventional fluid inclusion and infrared microthermometric...
Article
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The Oligocene to Miocene Baiyangping Cu–Co and Pb–Zn mineralization was deposited during the collision of the India and Asia continents. The mineralization is hosted in veins in faulted carbonate and clastic rocks, which act as fluid pathways. A detailed fluid-inclusion analysis and C–O–S isotopic study are reported, focusing on the origin of the m...
Article
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The Sanakham gold deposit is a newly discovered gold deposit in the Luang Prabang (Laos)–Loei (Thailand) metallogenic belt. It consists of a series of auriferous quartz-sulfide veins, which is distinguished from the regional known porphyry-related skarn and epithermal gold deposits. There are four mineralization stages identified in Sanakham, with...
Article
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The vein-type Chomalu polymetallic epithermal deposit, located in the Tarom-Hashtjin Metallogenic Province (THMP), western Alborz, formed in two separate mineralized zones controlled by fault zones within andesite and olivine basalt host rocks. The deposit occurs adjacent to the Varmarziar quartz monzonite, quartz monzodiorite, and monzosyenite int...
Article
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This paper reports microthermometric and noble gas isotope data for fluid inclusion assemblages (FIAs) with evidence of phase separation, i.e. coexisting vapor-rich and halite-saturated inclusions, hosted in the early-formed quartz stockwork veins and post-magmatic quartz eye crystals in two economic porphyry Cu deposits (PCDs; Sar Cheshmeh and Mid...
Article
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In order to provide paleofluid evidence of hydrocarbon accumulation periods in the Amu Darya Right Bank Block, microexperiments and simulations related to the Middle-Upper Jurassic Callovian-Oxfordian carbonate reservoirs were performed. On the basis of petrographic observation, the diagenetic stages were divided by cathodoluminescence, and the ent...
Article
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The paleosalinity of water from which the gypsum precipitated during the Messinian salinity crisis is a controversial issue. Recent microthermometry studies on primary fluid inclusions in gypsum provided very low salinity values not compatible with precipitation from seawater, and suggested strong mixing between seawater and nonmarine waters enrich...
Article
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In this study, geochemical and petrographic characteristics of veins from the Permian Boda Claystone Formation (Mecsek Mts., Hungary) are presented. Understanding the connection between these properties is vital in the reconstruction of paleofluid history and tectonic evolution of this potential high-level radioactive waste disposal site. Each of t...
Article
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The Upper Cretaceous carbonates along the Zagros thrust-fold belt “Harir-Safin anticlines” experienced extensive hot brine fluids that produced several phases of hydrothermal cements, including saddle dolomites. Detailed fluid inclusion microthermometry data show that saddle dolomites precipitated from hydrothermal (83–160 °C) and saline fluids (up...
Article
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The Wumaying buried hill experienced multi-stage tectonic movements, which resulted in a complicated and unclear nature of the hydrocarbon accumulation process. To solve these problems, in this study—based on the structural evolution and burial–thermal history of the strata, using petrology, fluid inclusion microthermometry, geochemical analysis of...
Poster
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Dans les bassins sédimentaires, les variations de porosité et de lithologie des premiers dépôts font de l'interface entre socle et couverture, une zone privilégiée pour la circulation et le mélange de fluides d'origines variées (métamorphique, météorique ou de bassin). Ces mélanges aboutissent à la précipitation de minéraux à l'origine de nombreux...
Article
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The Kargah Cu-Pb polymetallic deposit is a newly discovered ore deposit from the Gilgit-Baltistan region, located in the Kohistan Island Arc, northern Pakistan. However, this area is poorly researched on the ore genesis, and its origin and the evolution of its magmatic-hydrothermal system remain unclear. Three stages of mineralization were identifi...
Article
Full-text available
The Kargah Cu-Pb polymetallic deposit is a newly discovered ore deposit from the Gilgit�Baltistan region, located in the Kohistan Island Arc, northern Pakistan. However, this area is poorly researched on the ore genesis, and its origin and the evolution of its magmatic hydrothermal system remain unclear. Three stages of mineralization were identifi...
Conference Paper
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Dans cette étude, nous reconstruisons l’origine des paléofluides du Bassin de Paris à partir des inclusions fluides primaires piégées dans des cristaux de fluorite géodique datés à 130 ± 15 Ma [1]. Les échantillons proviennent de deux gisements de minerai F-Ba (Pierre-Perthuis et La Collancelle) situés au toit de la discordance socle/sédiment de la...
Article
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The formation of carbonate build-ups associated with seafloor methane vents - where microbially mediated sulphate-dependent anaerobic oxidation of methane produces alkalinity - is well documented in modern marine environments and in the geologic record. However, the triggering event(s) behind the processes leading to hydrocarbon disequilibrium, see...
Article
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The relevance of the study is determined by obtaining new data concerning mineral composition, textural and structural features, hydrothermal-metasomatic zoning, fluid regime, and types of gold mineralization of two most contrasting areas of the Svetloe epithermal district (Khabarovsk Territory), formed in different-aged parent rocks of the Late Cr...
Article
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The Kahang deposit (100 Mt at 0.6% Cu) is one of the important porphyry copper deposits in the central part of Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic Arc (UDMA), Iran. The mineralization occurs as chalcopyrite and molybdenite in quartz and anhydrite -bearing veinlets or breccias and is closely associated with sericitic and phyllic alterations. Through comprehens...
Article
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A coupled study of fluid inclusions and one-dimensional basin modeling allowed the reconstruction of the early hydrocarbon filling history of the main petroleum systems of the Potiguar Basin, Brazil. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, microthermometry and fluorescence spectra measurements were used to model PVTx properties of petroleum inclusions...
Article
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REE should be evaluated in rocks and minerals due to their behavior in complex geochemical processes leading to their use as tracers in geochemical environments. In addition, the lack of economic concentration of these elements is related to their contribution in rock forming minerals. Thus, high levels of technology and costs are essential for the...
Article
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The Xiong’ershan district in central China hosts broadly coeval porphyry Au (Qiyugou deposit), porphyry Mo (Leimengou deposit), and barren (Huashan pluton) systems. The key controls on the ore potential and different mineralization styles in these systems are not well understood, with first-order differences in fluid chemistry and melt sources bein...
Article
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The eastern Tianshan metallogenic belt is an important molybdenum resource base in Xinjiang and is characterized by large-scale porphyry Mo deposits formed during the Triassic. The Tieling Cu-Mo porphyry deposit, which is situated in the western part of the eastern Tianshan metallogenic belt, was recently recognized as being related to Carboniferou...
Article
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Introduction The Lakehsiah mining district is hosted in Early Cambrian volcano-sedimentary units (CVSU) of the Kashmar–Kerman zone, Central Iran. The Kashmar-Kerman belt is located between the Yazd block in the west and the Tabas block in the east and it is parallel to the Poshed badam, Tabas and Kalmard faults in the north and Koh Banan and Zarand...
Article
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Integrated petrographic, isotopic, fluid inclusion microthermometry, and geochemical analyses of Paleozoic carbonate successions from multiple boreholes within the Huron Domain, southern Ontario were conducted to characterize the diagenetic history and fluid composition, on a regional scale, and evaluate the nature and origin of dolomitized beds. M...
Article
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Raman spectroscopy can be used to determine density of gases, because the energy of fundamental vibrational modes is affected by intermolecular distances. The key problem is the estimation of exact peak positions of Raman bands, because the analyses require a precision that is mostly less than the pixel resolution of modern Raman spectrometers. A n...
Conference Paper
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Hydrothermal dolostones are often associated with Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) ore deposits. Both are of major economic importance and are genetically related to hydrothermal fluid flow through large volumes of rock. The difficulty to constrain the spatio-temporal relationships of dolomitization and mineralization has generated controversy concern...
Article
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The role of deep hydrothermal fluid circulation through fractures and their impact on the sandstone host rock is studied in an extensional sedimentary basin (Cameros Basin, Spain) affected by a post-extensional hydrothermal metamorphism. The quartzarenites of the Urbión Group constituted a hydrocarbon carrier affected by very low to low-grade hydro...
Article
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Evidence of hydrothermal activity is reported for the Mesozoic pre‐ and syn‐rift successions of the western Adriatic palaeomargin of the Alpine Tethys, preserved in the Western Southalpine Domain (NW Italy). The products of hydrothermal processes are represented by vein and breccia cements, as well as dolomitization and silicification of the host r...
Article
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The Huangshui’an deposit located in East Qinling (China) is an unusual case of a Si-rich carbonatite hosting economic Mo and minor Pb and REE mineralization. The role of mantle-sourced carbonatite melts and fluids in the formation of the Mo mineralization remains poorly understood. Our integrated study based on field geology, petrography, microther...
Article
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The Niederschlag fluorite-barite vein deposit in the Western Erzgebirge, Germany, has been actively mined since 2013. We present the results of a first comprehensive study of the mineralogy, petrography, fluid inclusions, and trace element geochemistry of fluorite related to the Niederschlag deposit. Two different stages of fluorite mineralization...
Article
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Ore precipitation in mineral deposits formed in the upper parts of a porphyry system, at shallow crustal level (< 1.5 km), such as epithermal Au-Ag-(Cu)-(As) and polymetallic deposits is often triggered by fluid cooling and/or mixing between fluids from different sources. Commonly, in such deposits, two main fluid sources are identified a deeply so...
Article
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The Cunas mine is currently one of the major producers of fine emeralds in Colombia; its emeralds typically display a magnificent green hue, which is highly appreciated globally. The mineralization is found in vanadium-rich black shales of the Muzo formation. Emeralds occur in pockets within hydrothermal veins and breccias, mainly consisting of cal...
Article
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Little is known about the nature of ore fluid at the Sopokomil shale-hosted massive sulfide Zn-Pb deposit (North Sumatra, Indonesia). We therefore investigated its ore-fluid salinities, temperatures , densities, redox state, and pH using fluid inclusion microthermometry, sphalerite composition , and thermodynamic modelling. The fluid salinities and...
Article
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While the characteristics and origin of drusy calcite cement in carbonate deposits is well constrained in the literature, little attention is paid to drusy dolomite cement. Petrographic observations , stable isotopes, and fluid-inclusion microthermometry suggest that drusy dolomite cement in Permo-Triassic conglomerate/breccia dolostone beds in nor...
Article
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The Shwebontha Prospect area is one of prominent epithermal Au-Ag prospects in Monywa mining district, central Myanmar, characterized by the appearance of gold-bearing and base metal quartz veins with gold grade is around 3g/t -10.4g/t. The geology of the area consists of the volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks of Upper Oligocene-Middle Miocene Magyi...
Article
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The giant Gejiu Sn–Cu polymetallic ore deposit is one of the largest Sn producers in the world, and is related in time and space to highly evolved S type granitic intrusion. The mineralization processes can be divided into four stages: (I) skarnization; (II) greisenization; (III) cassiterite–sulfid; and (IV) cassiterite–tourmaline–quartz. Five type...