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Meteorology - Science topic

The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.
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Publications related to Meteorology (10,000)
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Dear Colleagues, Worldwide, the built environment is being strongly challenged by climatic alterations that put a strain on (i) energy needs for cooling and the release of anthropogenic heat, (ii) mortality and morbidity due to overheating and air pollution, (iii) productivity and wellbeing, and (iv) access to public spaces and social prosperity....
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Recently, air pollution especially fine particulate matters (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) has become a severe issue in China. In this study, we first characterized the temporal trends of PM2.5 and O3 for Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Wuhan respectively during 2018-2020. The annual mean PM2.5 has decreased by 7.82%-33.92%, while O3 concentration showed...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has relegated pathologies that were previously commonplace to a secondary context. Therefore, it is necessary to study the evolution of these diseases in the presence or absence of COVID-19. Objective: The present study had the following objectives: 1. to evaluate the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and the possib...
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Precipitable water vapor (PWV) is a meteorological variable that impacts the major atmospheric processes. It is a non-homogeneous variable that differs spatially and temporally. The spatial and temporal variability of the PWV in Egypt is investigated in this study using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Radio Occultation (RO) from 2006 to...
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Abstract Background Climate change poses severe threats to smallholder farmers' agricultural livelihoods and food security in Sub Saharan Africa. Understanding long-term rainfall trends of variability and extremes at local scales and perceptions regarding long-term changes in climate variables is important in planning appropriate adaptation measure...
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Imaging observations of OH airglow were performed at Meiji University, Japan (35.6° N, 139.5° E), from May 2018 to December 2019. Mountainous areas are located to the west of the imager, and westerly winds are dominant in the lower atmosphere throughout the year. Mountain waves (MWs) are generated and occasionally propagate to the upper atmosphere....
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Martian dust plays a crucial role in the meteorology and climate of the Martian atmosphere. It heats the atmosphere, enhances the atmospheric general circulation, and affects spacecraft instruments and operations. Compliant with that, studying dust is also essential for future human exploration. In this work, we present a method for the deep-learni...
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Background Soil seed banks may offer great potential for maintaining and restoring desert ecosystems that have been degraded by climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. However, few studies have explored the year-to-year dynamics in the species composition (richness and abundance) of these desert soil seed banks. Thus, we conducted a 4-year st...
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Antarctic ozone has been regarded as a major driver of the Southern Hemisphere (SH) circulation change in the recent past. Here, we show that Antarctic ozone can also affect the subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) prediction during the SH spring. Its impact is quantified by conducting two reforecast experiments with the Global Seasonal Forecasting System...
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Background The objective of this study was to identify which air pollutants, atmospheric variables and health determinants could influence COVID-19 mortality in Spain. This study used information from 41 of the 52 provinces in Spain (from Feb. 1, 2021 - May 31, 2021). Generalized Linear Models (GLM) with Poisson link were carried out for the provi...
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This study assesses wave energy by combining long-term model reanalysis data with in situ observations in a multi-island region. A buoy was deployed in the center area of the southern South China Sea (SCS) for 16 consecutive months. Neural network models are introduced to calibrate the significant wave height and the mean wave period of the Europea...
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COVID-19 has escalated into one of the most serious crises in the 21st Century. Given the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2 and its high mortality rate, here we investigate the impact and relationship of airborne PM2.5 to COVID-19 mortality. Previous studies have indicated that PM2.5 has a positive relationship with the spread of COVID-19. To gain insight...
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Soil salinization is a serious land degradation phenomenon that significantly affects regional economies and agricultural development. Since the 1980s, the state of soil salinization has been constantly changing due to various climatic conditions, human activities, and the application of soil improvement measures. In this study, the Landsat-5 TM an...
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Reliable data on the availability of solar energy is needed, as solar energy is an essential resource for sustainable development worldwide. However, ground-based radiometric stations are scarce, at least in large areas far from population and in developing countries, so there are difficulties in validating methods for estimating solar radiation. I...
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Unexpected occurrences of freak waves endanger safe navigation and operational activities in the ocean. To reduce the potential marine accidents, many oceanographers have investigated the probability and mechanism of freak wave occurrences and discussed some relevant environmental factors leading to freak wave generations. However, study on the occ...
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Climate change has become one of the highlighted issues of the world, resulting in vulnerability and adverse effects on livelihoods. It leads to an undeniable challenge for policymakers, the government, and other respective associations to formulate effective strategies; however, before formulating any coping, adaptation, or mitigation strategies,...
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Forest cover change is having an enduring link with climatic factors. This study was designed to study the impact of forest cover change in the Western Ghats on meteorological parameters like rainfall and land surface temperature (LST) between 2000 and 2019 using Landsat images. Land use land cover (LULC) data were extracted from Landsat images, an...
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By characterizing high-frequency surface thermal dynamics at a medium spatial scale, hourly land surface temperatures (LST), retrieved from geostationary satellite thermal infrared (TIR) observations, shows great potential to be used across a range of scientific applications; however, cloud cover typically leads to data gaps and degraded retrieval...
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Internal heat modulation has several applications in nuclear reactor design and safety, as well as meteorology. In this paper, the influence of internal heat modulation on Rayleigh–Bénard convection in a Boussinesq–Stokes ferromagnetic fluid is explored using linear and nonlinear analyses. The impact of the square, sine, triangular, and sawtooth wa...
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The intense development of cities and related replacement of vegetated areas with impervious surfaces contributed to the intensification of the urban heat island effect, which is a hazardous phenomenon for humans. In this study, the spatial structure of the surface heat and cold island (SHI and SCI, respectively) in the Górnośląsko-Zagłębiowska Met...
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Plain Language Summary Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) contribute to beneficial rainfall and the increase of extreme rainfall observed in present warming climate. MCSs are generally considered to be a result of lifting of the environmental air by the MCS's diabatically generated cold pool. Recent studies have shown that nocturnal MCSs can also...
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Plain Language Summary Dust activities are closely related to local meteorological conditions, which can be largely affected by the variability in remote oceans. Considering the prevalence of dust storms in the Gobi Desert and North China area in local spring each year, we investigate the impact of relative changes in the tropical Pacific, North At...
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Plain Language Summary The equatorward boundary of the discrete auroral oval near magnetic local noon is generally regarded as the open‐close field line boundary, which corresponds to the roughly smooth magnetopause boundary. Throat auroras are some north‐south aligned discrete auroral arcs attached at the equatorward edge of discrete auroral oval...
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Lightning occurring with less than 2.5 mm of rainfall-typically referred to as 'dry lightning'-is a major source of wildfire ignition in central and northern California. Despite being rare, dry lightning outbreaks have resulted in destructive fires in this region due to the intersection of dense, dry vegetation and a large population living adjacen...
Preprint
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Gridded global horizontal irradiance (GHI) databases are fundamental for analysing solar energy applications' technical and economic aspects, particularly photovoltaic applications. Today, there exist numerous gridded GHI databases whose quality has been thoroughly validated against ground-based irradiance measurements. Nonetheless, databases that...
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Groundwater drought response to meteorological forcing depends on initial hydrological conditions. This makes it difficult to characterise groundwater droughts and identify the drought vulnerability of aquifers. The objective is to increase the understanding of groundwater memory and response to meteorological forcing in lowland post-glacial enviro...
Preprint
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The induction of electric currents in electric power distribution networks is a well-known effect of Earth-directed eruptive events. Inspired by recent studies showing that the rate of power-grid anomalies may increase after exposure to strong geomagnetically induced currents in mid-latitude countries in the middle of Europe, we decided to investig...
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Neotropical species lack autecological information. Among these, are phenological studies, which help to understand forest dynamics and provide important contributions to the collection, restoration, and conservation programs. This research aimed to characterize the vegetative and reproductive phenological behavior of neotropical species Geoffroea...
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IoT segment sees the growing availability of affordable LoRaWAN devices, and the spread of gateways connected to the internet that allow data to be transferred from the field to a free network server, such as The Things Network (TTN). Among many possible applications, we can use programmable nodes to acquire meteorological measurements, thanks to t...
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Climate change is arguably the most alarming global concern of the twenty-first century, particularly due to the increased frequency of meteorological extremes, e.g., heatwaves, droughts, and floods. Heatwaves are considered a potential health risk and urge further study, robust preparedness, and policy framing. This study presents an analysis of h...
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This study applies uncrewed aircraft systems towards the investigation of surface-layer structure during the morning transition. Three uncrewed aircraft systems simultaneously measuring horizontal transects were partnered with a fourth measuring vertical profiles during two consecutive mornings as part of the 2017 Collaboration Leading Operational...
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As global warming intensifies, hot extremes and heavy precipitation frequently happen in East of China. Meanwhile, severe surface ozone (O 3 ) pollution resulting from the interactions of anthropogenic emissions and meteorological conditions also occur more frequently. In this study, we quantified the impact of weather extremes on ground-level O 3...
Preprint
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We develop a new approach to monitor Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW) events under climate change since 1980 based on reanalysis data, verified by radio occultation data. We construct gridded daily-mean temperature anomalies and employed the concept of Threshold Exceedance Areas (TEAs), the geographic areas wherein the anomalies exceed predefined...
Conference Paper
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This communication proposes to represent the spatial and temporal distribution of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and its effects on thermal comfort in a context of tourism activity in a climate change scenario. This study is part of the thematic of tourism climatology, a topic that has not yet been addressed in Portugal and in international scope and...
Conference Paper
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Pre-monsoon thunderstorms are a common source of natural destruction over eastern India, commonly known as Nor'westors. Meteorologists studied these Nor'westers for more than a century over India. Various studies highlighted that the Chota Nagpur plateau, situated in Jharkhand state, acts as a triggering source for initiating these thunderstorms. T...
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The energy demand is increasing due to population growth and economic development. To satisfy this energy demand, the use of renewable energy is essential to face global warming and the depletion of fossil fuels. Photovoltaic energy is one of the renewable energy sources, widely used by several countries over the world. The integration of PV energy...
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The relationship between temperature and precipitation is not simple. Several physical processes can determine whether this relationship is positive or negative, depending on the geographic location and the season. This paper proposes new indices for studying this relationship at a seasonal level, based on daily data of accumulated precipitation an...
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Urban ozone (O 3 ) pollution has become a prominent environmental threat to public health while the relationship between O 3 formation and driving factors remains elusive, particularly for megacities in the Shandong Peninsula of China. In this study, we use intensive ambient measurements of trace gases to comprehensively investigate the magnitude o...
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The short-term heavy rainfalls, thunderstorm gales, hail, squall lines, tornadoes, thunderstorms and other disastrous weather caused by deep convective clouds greatly threaten social and economic activities and the safety of people’s lives and property. Therefore, it is of great value to study the recognition methods of deep convective clouds in th...
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Climate regionalization is essential for characterizing spatial and temporal climatic variability, producing meteorological forecasts, analyzing trends at different scales and, determining the climatic impact on human activities. The aim was to propose a climatic regionalization for Santa Cruz province, based on gridded data of rainfall and tempera...
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The daily highest air temperature (Tmax) is a key parameter for global and regional high temperature analysis which is very difficult to obtain in areas where there are no meteorological observation stations. This study proposes an estimation framework for obtaining high-precision Tmax. Firstly, we build a near-surface air temperature diurnal varia...
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In this paper, we present a comprehensive experiment, namely, an Integrated Microwave Radiometry Campaign for snow (IMCS), in Xinjiang, China, during the snow season of 2015–2016. The campaign hosted a dual-polarized microwave radiometer operating at L, K, and Ka bands to provide minutely passive microwave observations of snow cover at a fixed site...
Preprint
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The mixed layer is the uppermost layer of the ocean, driven by atmospheric fluxes. It follows a strong seasonal cycle, deepening in winter due to buoyancy loss, shoaling very close to the surface in summer with restratification. Recently several global and regional studies show a mixed layer depth (MLD) modulation by mesoscale eddies with the seaso...
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The variation in refractive index of the atmosphere causes wavefront aberration of optical signal propagating through the random atmosphere. This leads to various effects such as beam spreading, wandering and scintillation (intensity fluctuation) which are responsible for severe signal degrading of the free space optical (FSO) communication system....
Preprint
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Historical observations of severe weather and simulated severe weather environments (i.e., features) from the Global Ensemble Forecast System v12 (GEFSv12) Reforecast Dataset (GEFS/R) are used in conjunction to train and test random forest (RF) machine learning (ML) models to probabilistically forecast severe weather out to days 4--8. RFs are train...
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Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is a tree species that reacts to meteorological conditions, industrial pollution and groundwater level. The aims of this study were to evaluate reductions and increases in Scots pine tree-ring widths (VTRW) as compared to reference sequences for sites in two types of forest habitat found in the vicinity of the chemi...
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Cold spells have been associated with specific diseases. However, there is insufficient scientific evidence on the effects of cold spells on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Data on OHCA cases and on meteorological factors and air pollutants were collected between 2013 and 2020. We adopted a quasi-Poisson generalized additive model with a dis...
Conference Paper
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The literature review presented in this paper centres on the external factors that influence PV output performance in the Irish climate. Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels show long-term performance degradation, resulting in lower like-per-like efficiencies and performance ratios. Manufacturers of solar photovoltaic modules typically guarantee a life s...
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Particulate matter (PM) concentrations and aerosol optical depth (AOD) are measured and correlated simultaneously using a high-volume sampler and a MICROTOPS-II Sunphotometer, respectively. The present work deals with the characteristics of particulate matter (PM 1 , PM 2.5 , and PM 10 ) over Varanasi, from April 2019 to March 2020. Daily variation...
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Consensus-based algorithm for estimating the current intensity (CI) of tropical cyclones (TCs) combining infrared and microwave-based intensity estimates is used by the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) to generate a satellite-based consensus (SATCON) on TC intensity. In the present study, an attempt has been made t...
Conference Paper
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DRAFT abstract (2nd August 2022), for submission to European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, April 2023. To view, please scroll down or click 'Download'.
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The environmental stress, pests and diseases are frequently occurred during production of facility agriculture in China. Among them, adverse meteorological conditions, such as low temperature and limited light, often co-occurred in greenhouses and brought great losses in southern China. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about agrometeorologic...
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In this study, we assess the performance of the Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4) in simulating the climatology of the cyclones near the west coast of South America. The synoptic evolution and seasonality of these systems are thoroughly investigated. The analyses are based on four simulations from the CORDEX-CORE Southern America (SA) domai...
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The study provides estimates of summertime evaporation over a glacial lake located in the Schirmacher oasis, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. Lake Zub (alternately named Lake Priyadarshini and referred to throughout as Lake Zub/Priyadarshini) is the second-largest lake in the oasis, and its maximum depth is 6 m. The lake is also among the warme...
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The cooling degree days was used to assess and audit the performance of heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in Hospitals in Port Harcourt. It is aimed at using energy techniques in evaluating the amount of energy utilised by HVAC systems by the application of climatological parameters. It therefore has the ability of identifying...
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Mountain protected areas are popular tourism destinations. Those managing such landscapes and activities require data on when and where people go, but obtaining such information is difficult for large and often remote areas, particularly when resources are limited. We illustrate how geolocated images posted on social media could be used to assess t...
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Throughout science and technology, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and associated area under the curve ( $$\mathrm{AUC}$$ AUC ) measures constitute powerful tools for assessing the predictive abilities of features, markers and tests in binary classification problems. Despite its immense popularity, ROC analysis has been subject to a...
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The dataset includes six yearly time series of six Heatwave (HW) aspects/metrics (or statistical summaries) calculated from the E-OBS dataset (v19eHOM, available in https://www.ecad.eu/download/ensembles/downloadversion19.0eHOM.php) following the Excess Heat Factor (EHF) methodology implemented in the ClimPACT tool, in compliance with the guideline...