Science topic

Mercury Poisoning - Science topic

Poisoning that results from chronic or acute ingestion, injection, inhalation, or skin absorption of MERCURY or MERCURY COMPOUNDS.
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Publications related to Mercury Poisoning (1,523)
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Artisanal and small-scale gold mining uses mercury to isolate gold from ore. Although uncommon in the United States, it is more common in poor and undeveloped countries. This practice requires heating mercury, which vaporizes into an odorless gas that can be inspired and absorbed into the blood. Inspired mercury vapors place individuals at risk of...
Article
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The traditional gold processing process in Paya Seumantok Village, Krueng Sabee District, Aceh Jaya Regency, Aceh Province, is carried out using the amalgamation method which still uses mercury in the process, so it poses a risk to the health of workers and the surrounding community. This study aims to obtain an overview of the clinical symptoms ex...
Article
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(1) Background: Fish is a good source of protein, iron, and zinc, which are key nutrients for infant growth and development, as well as a source of energy for adults and the elderly. Due to mercury contamination in both the terrestrial and aquatic environments, there is a risk that considerable levels of mercury will be ingested by the population,...
Article
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Introduction. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a collection of symptoms from a substantial reduction in the ability to engage in preillness levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities that persists for more than six months and is accompanied by fatigue, post-exertional malaise, and unrefreshing sleep. One of the effects of...
Preprint
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Background: Mercury has different levels of toxicity to various organ systems of the human body. Therefore, it is very important to research the molecular differences and functional mechanisms of mercury exposure for the early prevention and treatment of occupational mercury poisoning. Method:The subjects of the population study were on-the-job wor...
Chapter
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Congenital nephrotic syndrome is one of the conditions within the field of pediatric nephrology within difficulties in management and resulting in high morbidity and mortality.It is defined as heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and edema within the first three months of life. Although the most common cause is the Finnish type nephrotic syndrome, it...
Article
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Objectives: Mercury exposure is common and can be toxic, especially in children. Children are often drawn to elemental mercury because of its density, color, and proclivity to form beads. Methods: We present data on 49 children with mercury intoxication (MI) and 60 children with mercury exposure from Turkey. Results: The most common source of...
Article
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Introduction: Mercury is a highly toxic and persistent contaminant found in food and parts of the environment. Over the years, global research on mercury poison has soared owing to concerns about its effects on human health, occupational safety, and environmental sustainability. Although numerous studies have identified and examined the various typ...
Article
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Realgar- and cinnabar-containing AnGongNiuHuang Pill (AGNHP) is widely used for treating encephalopathy syndrome. However, it raises great safety concerns due to the adverse effects reported by arsenic or mercury poisoning. Although AGNHP has been generally recognized, little is known about the metabolism of arsenic and mercury and their resulting...
Article
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Minamata is a factory town in Kumamoto city, Japan. There was a Chisso plant (Nitrogen manufacturing company) established in 1906. This company manufactured liquid crystal used for LCD (Liquid Crystal display). Since establishment until 1968, Chisso plant discharged methylated mercury directly into Minamata Bay and created methylated mercury diseas...
Article
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Introduction: The processing of crude oil is characterized by numerous hazards, which have significant health, safety, and environmental impacts on neighboring communities. The occurrence of mercury and its toxic derivatives is considered one of the many negative impacts of oil and gas operations. However, there is limited research on mercury an...
Article
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N,N’-bis(2-mercaptoethyl)isophthalamide (NBMI) is a novel lipophilic metal chelator and antioxidant used in mercury poisoning. Recent studies have suggested that NBMI may also bind to other metals such as lead and iron. Since NBMI can enter the brain, we evaluated if NBMI removes excess iron from the iron-loaded brain and ameliorates iron-induced o...
Article
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Chronic kidney disorder may even be a significant health concern in Delta region particularly Dakahlia district, Egypt that’s characterized by permanent loss of kidney function through the years. Mercury considered as a silent threat to the environment and human life, through the world. This work purposes to access the effects of mercury overload i...
Article
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Mercury (Hg) is a kind of heavy metal pollutant widely existing in the aquatic environment, and it is also recognized to have a highly toxic effect on fish. In this study, silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) larvae were exposed to 0 (control), 1, 5, and 10 μg/L Hg2+ for 2 weeks. Antioxidant ability, neurotoxicity, and thyroid hormones (THs) c...
Preprint
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Background: Several mechanisms shown in present data for identify the mercuric chloride’s biologocal toxicity, and oxidative stress is one of those mechanisms. Some studies showed mercury have some effects on human body. Such as; bind to sulfhidril groups which on proteins, expose the reactive oxygen molecules and lead to formation of free oxygen r...
Article
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Here we describe, a simple solution and solid-state sensor for the ultrasensitive detection of Hg(II) ions in both standardized and environmental samples through changes of fluorescence intensity of a zinc-based metal− organic framework (MOF). The MOF is highly water stable in a wide pH range from 4 to 11. The lower detection limit of Hg 2+ is 10 −...
Article
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We tested the hair of seven mummies housed at the Museo Regional de Iquique, northern Chile, to investigate evidence of mercury exposure in the Atacama Desert. Five mummies represent local inhumations and two came from a special burial known as capacocha, at Cerro Esmeralda, Iquique, northern Chile. The capacocha was a ritual of vital importance to...
Article
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Background Kidney disease secondary to mercury poisoning has not been well documented and is often misdiagnosed and mistreated. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with mercury poisoning over a 6-year period between July 2013 and June 2019. Demographics, clinical measures, renal pathological examinations, treatments...
Article
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We report a case of dilated cardiomyopathy because of chronic mercury poisoning. A 12-year-old girl was repeatedly admitted with severe congestive heart failure. She received indigenous medication for vitiligo for several months. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe ventricular dysfunction (left ventricle fractional shortening: 14%). She ha...
Article
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Not only is fish a good source of protein, but it also provides essential fatty acids such as omega-3, vitamins such as vitamin D, and minerals such as selenium. However, consumers are concerned about exposure to mercury through fish consumption. The degree of exposure to mercury depends on both the amount and the type of fish consumed. Additionall...
Article
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Mercury (Hg) is considered one of the most widespread toxic environmental pollutants, which seems to have multiple effects on organisms even at low concentrations. It has a critical role in many health problems with harmful consequences, with Hg primarily targeting the brain and its components, such as the central nervous system (CNS). Hg exposure...
Conference Paper
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Mercury Poisoning is all around us and a solution is made simple
Article
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High blood mercury levels could lead to mercury poisoning, undoubtedly causing great harm to human health. However, the impact of the normal concentration of blood mercury on bone mineral density (BMD) is unclear. Therefore, this study explored the relationship between blood mercury levels and BMD and determined whether the relationship between blo...
Article
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Mercury is a severe environmental pollutant with neurotoxic effects, especially when exposed for long periods. Although there are several evidences regarding mercury toxicity, little is known about inorganic mercury (IHg) species and cerebellum, one of the main targets of mercury associated with the neurological symptomatology of mercurial poisonin...
Article
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The article discusses the lexical borrowings from the Serbian language in the incantations of Vlachs (Romanians) from Eastern Serbia and is based on the authors’ field materials. Incantation vocabulary analysis is carried out on the example of two texts recorded from native speakers of Oltenian dialect of the Romanian language from the villages of...
Article
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Children's exposure to mercurial skin lightening agents at any time during their development, from intra-uterine to early developmental life, can lead to severe detrimental health effects. This is because these skin lightening agents contain inorganic mercury as their active ingredient at varying concentrations that exceed acceptable levels. Mercur...
Article
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A cross-sectional survey of 425 male artisanal and small-scale goldminers (ASGM) was conducted to examine the relationship between the occupational activities of the miners and their blood mercury levels while controlling for relevant biosocial and socio-cultural factors. The data was subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. Initial fin...
Article
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Background: There are few clinical data on retinal involvement after acute exposure to high concentrations mercury and the available reports are based on a small number of patients suffering chronic exposure. The purpose of this paper is to report findings in workers acutely exposed to very high concentrations of mercury vapor with the aim of prov...
Article
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Objective: Very few studies have evaluated the association between mercury exposure and oxidative stress in humans, particularly in children. This is the first report where we aimed to determine the oxidative stress status of children who were accidently exposed to elemental mercury. Methods: In the present study, the study group was composed of 86...
Conference Paper
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The Marginalia column by Keith Stewart Thompson “The Common, but Less Frequent, Loon” (American Scientist 77: 67-69, January-February 1989) notes 3,000 Common Loons killed off the coast of Florida by mercury poisoning. Since 1983, 7,500 of these birds have perished from a mysterious ailment off the Gulf and possibly the Atlantic coasts of Florida (...
Article
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A new versatile and recyclable NHC ligand precursor has been developed with ligand, base, and solvent functionalities for the efficient Pd-catalyzed Heck, Suzuki and Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions under mild conditions. Furthermore, NHC ligand precursor was immobilized on magnetite and its catalytic activity was also evaluated towards the cou...
Article
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Mercury poisoning. History of acrodynia
Preprint
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RESUMO: A promulgação da Convenção de Minamata no Brasil em 2018 incentivou gestores a cumprir os objetivos deste instrumento para reduzir e eliminar o mercúrio do país. O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer e caracterizar a produção de conhecimento global sobre o mercúrio e identificar as lacunas de conhecimento a fim de subsidiar a tomada de decis...
Article
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Syphilis was a widespread infectious disease in the 17th century Italy, commonly treated with mercury‐based ointments and fumigations. Few reports exist on the analysis of abnormally high mercury levels in bone as a result of exposure to mercury‐containing anti‐syphilitic medicine. In this research, two crania recovered among the 2.9 million commin...
Article
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Heavy metals such as mercury are some of the environmental pollutants and can induce toxicity by bioaccumulation and oxidative damage. is study aimed to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of Medicago sativa L. (Alfalfa) on mercury damage in the kidney and liver of rats. irty Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, the control g...
Article
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Purpose: To report the ocular surface pathology of patients suffering from acute/subacute mercury vapor intoxication. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Male workers intoxicated with inorganic mercury referred for ophthalmic involvement and healthy control subjects. Methods: The following tests were performed: dry eye (DE)-related...
Article
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We report the severe mercury poisoning of a 4-year-old child by a so far unknown route of exposure, namely, by skin-to-skin contact. The child was admitted to the hospital with episodic pain in his extremities, tachycardia, hypertension, increased sweating, behavioral changes and weight loss. Extensive examinations eventually revealed an acute merc...
Article
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Background and aims Elemental mercury toxicity is a rare condition which can be difficult to diagnose due to its nonspecific signs and symptoms. The purpose of this investigation is to describe the presenting characteristics and treatment of adult and pediatric patients with elemental mercury poisoning. Methods A retrospective review was performed...
Article
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Nickel(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared spectroscopy, high resolution mass spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The complexes were evaluated as pre-catalysts in the direct hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol. The pre-catalysts C1 and C4 gave higher furfural conversion...
Preprint
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Background: Mercury is a widely used heavy metal. Traumatic mercury residue often leads to contact dermatitis, granuloma, even chronic poisoning. Due to its unique physical and chemical properties, mercury beads can be difficult to retrieve, especially in the eyes. Most previous studies have focused only on the rigid orbital foreign bodies rather t...
Article
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Background There are no reports on the incidence of chronic mercury poisoning in a large population in China. This study investigated the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and follow-up of Chinese patients with chronic mercury poisoning. Methods Data for 288 mercury poisoning patients were collected at our hospital from July 2014 t...
Article
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Given the importance of using the vitamin-mineral supplements to guarantee the minimum nutritional recommendations for pets in homemade foods, and hypothesizing that these products may contribute to toxic metals contamination, the present study aimed to determine the concentrations of essential minerals and toxic metals in vitamin-mineral supplemen...
Book
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Available OPEN ACCESS as pdf and html. This rich ethnographic and socio-historical account uncovers how toxicity and safety are expressed transculturally in a globalizing world. For the first time, it unpacks the "pharmaceutical nexus" of mercury in Tibetan medicine (Sowa Rigpa) where, since the thirteenth century, it has mainly been used in the fo...
Article
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We reevaluate the treatment of mercury poisoning, incorporating recent advances in understanding of mercury toxicity and the mercury:selenium interaction. This review focuses on: 1) the role, limitations and benefits of chelation (Unithiol, succimer and N-Acetylcysteine); 2) the role of selenium supplementation; and 3) how the different forms of me...
Article
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In this study, a novel magnetic nanoparticles (FeNi3) based palladium NPs with high surface area and easy accessibility of active sites was successfully developed by a facile approach. FeNi3 was functionalized with ionic gelation groups (IG) acting as the robust anchors so that the palladium nanoparticles were well-dispersed on the FeNi3 (FeNi3/DFN...
Preprint
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Purpose: To report ocular surface pathology of patients with acute/subacute mercury intoxication. Methods: Male workers intoxicated with inorganic mercury were examined for dry eye (DE)-related symptoms. Examinations included Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire; tear osmolarity, tear break-up time (T-BUT) and production; mechanical and therm...
Article
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Mercury has been characterized as the most toxic water contaminants in the world. Methylmercury accumulates in fish and other sea food which are eventually consumed by man hence exposing them to the risk of mercury poisoning. The present study was aimed at determining the level of mercury contamination of fish consumed in Enugu, south east Nigeria....
Article
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BACKGROUND፡ The ability of mercury to deposit throughout the body and alter a wide range of molecular and cellular pathways results in a polymorphic and complex clinical phenotype with over 250 possible symptoms. However, some of them are recurrently cited as evoking chronic mercury poisoning. In this light, dentists users of dental amalgams are ch...
Preprint
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A 4-yr old patient was admitted to the hospital with pain attacks in his extremities, tachycardia, hypertension, increased sweating, behavioral changes and weight loss. Extensive examinations eventually revealed an acute mercury poisoning. The mercury levels in blood and urine were 36.7 µg/l and 90 µg/g creatinine, respectively. A facial cream boug...
Article
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To learn about the imaging characteristics of pulmonary emboli caused by metallic mercury and be aware that an underlying psychiatric condition might exist when mercury poisoning is not caused by occupational exposure.
Article
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Minamata disease or methyl mercury poisoning from industrial pollution was first described from Minamata, Japan in the 1950s. Subsequently, a similar poisoning episode occurred at Niigata, Japan in the 1960s. This paper describes the Minamata event and then presents two case reports believed to be prenatal poisoning from consumption of contaminated...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND: There are almost no available data on retinal involvement after acute exposure to high concentrations mercury and the available reports are on a small number of patients that suffered chronic expposure. The purpose of this paper is to report visual findings in 29 workers exposed to very high concentrations of mercury vapor in a factory...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a food product intended for the nutrition of those working with mercury and its inorganic compounds. Efficiency consists in the ability to neutralize mercury compounds, convert them to an inert form, have a neutralizing effect and cleanse the body. The composition of the product includes ingredients that reduce the processes of i...
Article
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The amalgam, a material that has been used for more than 150 years for posterior teeth restoration, has been controversial because of the poisoning risk related to its mercury-content. Its manipulation exposes the practitioner and his staff members to chronic mercury poisoning, which causes some pathologies. It is, therefore, less often used or eve...
Article
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This report synthesizes and evaluates published scientific literature on the environmental occurrence and biomagnification of mercury with emphasis on the San Francisco Bay Area (SFBA), California. Mercury forms various compounds, well known for their toxicity in humans and environmental ecosystems. Elemental mercury is transported and distributed...
Article
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Background: Rayasam Peraya’s Vaidyasaramu is a valuable Ayurvedic text written in Telugu verses. It is a popular Ayurvedic text with simple and unique formulations. In the old Andhra region, the Siddha tradition was very popular. Nagarjuna and other Siddha physicians, belonging to this place, influenced Ayurvedic scholars of this region, and they b...
Preprint
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Background: There are no reports on the incidence of mercury poisoning in a large population in China. This study investigated the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and follow-up of Chinese patients with mercury poisoning. Methods: Data for 288 mercury poisoning patients were collected at our hospital from July 2014 to September 201...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Mercury is a rare element and can cause poisoning with accidental acute exposure [1], chronic exposure [2] and rarely with self-injection. Literature suggests few cases of self-injection of mercury for self-harm or superstition with or without any psychiatric illness [3]. We present a rare case of self-injection of mercury with pulmon...
Article
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In the list of environmental pollutants, mercury is one of the first places. It is mercury, its inorganic and especially organic compounds belong to extremely toxic substances of the first class of danger.Mercury has been known since ancient times, it is mentioned in the writings of Aristotle, Theophrastus, Pliny the Elder, Vitruvius and other anci...
Article
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Mercury poisoning can occur as result of industrial poisoning, consumption of sea food, suicidal intent or accidentally as a part of folk remedies used for various purposes. We present a case of a 50 year old male who upon consumption of an unknown substance used as a folk remedy developed typical features of acute kidney injury and oropharyngeal u...
Article
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Hydrosilylation is an important chemical process for the synthesis of organosilanes and for the production of silicone polymers. The wide variety of catalysts developed for this reaction generally follow a Chalk-Harrod, or a sigma-bond metathesis mechanism. Recently, our group developed a nickel pincer complex, Nickamine, for highly selective hydro...
Article
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Objective Determine the Perceived Impact on the Artisanal Miner's Health from Quinchía's Municipality (Colombia) by the Use of Cyanide and Mercury in the Amalgamation Process of Gold. Methods Quantitative, descriptive research in a sample of 28 active miners exposed to cyanide and mercury. The process of gold amalgamation was characterized, a su...
Presentation
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Here we discuss, what is fish? It's constituent along with its composition? • Fish is one of the protein rich foods for human consumption, which is highly perishable community in nature. The study of fishes known as 'ICHTHYOLOGY' , which includes bony fish, cartilaginous and jawless fish. • In nutritional benefits- Aids in weight loss; help to st...
Article
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Background. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining is a human health concern, especially in low-income countries like Uganda due to the use of mercury (Hg) in the mining process. Objective. The aim of the present study was to assess Hg exposure among artisanal and small-scale gold miners in Uganda through biologic monitoring parameters and Hg-relate...
Article
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Background. Gold mining activities in forested areas across Guyana have been a common practice for more than a century. The intensification of artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) in recent decades caused by global market demand is contributing to the mobilization of mercury into aquatic systems. Indigenous populations who consume high leve...
Chapter
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Mercury is nowadays considered an environmental pollutant of major world-wide concern. Almaden Mercury Mines, a Spanish state-owned company, has been the world’s largest mercury producer and exporter for the past 450 years and has supplied one-third of the world’s mined mercury. These mines were of great importance to the Spanish Crown from the mid...
Article
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Introduction: Metallic mercury poisoning through intravenous injection is rare, especially as part of a suicide attempt. Diagnosis and treatment of the disease are challenging as clinical features are not specific. Material and metods: A 41-year-old male presented with dyspnea, fatigue, loss of weight, and loss of appetite over two months. Routi...
Article
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The mercury (Hg) is used since the ancient times in many products and technologies. First part of this paper presents the most well-known historical and recent applications: gold and silver mining, incl. ASGM; instruments; CFL-LFL-lamps; chlor-alkali industry; VCM-production etc. Then the subsequent phases of recognition of the adverse impacts of m...
Article
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Despite the hard times COVID-19 has imposed on us, the Biomedical Journal strives to provide fresh and compelling reading material - to be enjoyed safely from home. In this issue, we glance behind the scenes of dental stem cell preservation for potential therapeutic use, and discover that cancer cells hijack podoplanin expression to induce thrombos...
Article
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Purpose: This study utilized data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) to explore differences in the timing of menarche in Korean girls according to blood heavy metal concentrations. Methods: This study performed a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the sixth KNHANES. Data from 179 female childr...
Article
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Biosensors especially DNA biosensors find use in diverse fields like clinical, food adulteration prevention, and in the monitoring of the environment. The DNA based biosensors have gained prominence in detection and monitoring and are the ultimate choice due to their high sensitivity and selectivity. Novel synthetic probes have been exploited for t...
Article
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In general, small-scale gold mining activities that are spread throughout Indonesia practicing amalgamation technique. The amalgamation process in the mining activities can result in environmental degradation due to tailing waste containing mercury that are discharged into the environment and will distributed and bioaccumulated through food chain....
Article
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eeram is a local term used in Nothern Sri Lanka, for impure mercury (II) chloride. (HgCl2). We describe a case with acute, suicidal, mercury (II) chloride poisoning, who presented withconfusion, acidosis and renal shut down. Hewas managed with mercury chelation usingpenicillamine, and acutre renal failure withhemodialysis. He made a complete renal...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: Primary fibromyalgia syndrome (PFS) is a psychogenic form of rheumatism characterized by nonspecific persistent chronic pain for at least six months at the trigger points (8 to 30 Trigger Points), short-term memory loss, difficulty concentrating, morning muscle rigidity, restless leg syndrome, cramps, neuro-vegetative disturbance, wea...
Conference Paper
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Paper manufacturing, a necessary part of the contemporary industrial world across the globe presents a source of highly concentrated chemicals being added directly to the surrounding environments. Huge amounts of chemicals are used in the process of converting raw materials like wood, straw, grasses, bamboos, canes, and reeds into pulp and paper. T...