Science topic

Mental Disorders - Science topic

Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
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Publications related to Mental Disorders (10,000)
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This article aimed to study the relationship between the type of attachment and Conduct Disorder (CD) in Mexican adolescents. A sample was used consisting of 319 adolescents of both sexes (52.4% women), with a mean age of 13.88 (SD=1.93), of which 20 (6.3%) lived in a group home in Morelia, Michoacán and the rest of adolescents 299 (93.7%) were non...
Preprint
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RESUMO O artigo faz uma revisão da literatura empírica sobre mídia e violência nos últimos 10 anos. Realizada a filtragem conceitual e de robustez, a pesquisa foca em 182 artigos que analisaram os efeitos da exposição ao conteúdo violento. Embora com diferentes níveis de robustez, esta literatura traz evidências de que a exposição ao conteúdo viole...
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Introduction: The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and other image- and performance-enhancing drugs is a growing public health concern. AAS use is associated with various physical and mental harms, including cardiovascular risks, cognitive deficiencies, and dependence. The aim of this study was to determine whether patterns of AAS use and...
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In recent years, autopoietic enactivism has been used to address persistent conceptual problems in psychiatry, such as the problem of demarcating disorder, that other models thus far have failed to overcome. There appear to be three main enactive accounts of psychopathology with subtle, although not incompatible, differences: Maiesecharacterizes di...
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Introduction Metacognition is a term used to refer to cognition about cognitive processes. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we reviewed studies that investigated the relationship between experimentally measured objective metacognitive sensitivity and diverse symptoms of mental disorder. In these studies, metacognitive sensitivity is ope...
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In this work we explore how language models can be employed to analyze language and discriminate between mentally impaired and healthy subjects through the perplexity metric. Perplexity was originally conceived as an information-theoretic measure to assess how much a given language model is suited to predict a text sequence or, equivalently, how mu...
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The present study was conducted to investigate the status of mental disorders. A total of 300 respondents were selected randomly from Rajshahi University as a sample for the study. Bangla version of (Alim et al., 2014) Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to measure mental illness of the respondents. Obtained data were analyzed by e...
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Anxiety disorders are the most common group of mental disorders, but they are often underrecognized and undertreated in primary care. Dysfunctional breathing is a hallmark of anxiety disorders; however, mainstays of treatments do not tackle breathing in patients suffering anxiety. This scoping review aims to identify the nature and extent of the av...
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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common debilitating mental disorder, that occurs in some individuals following extremely traumatic events. Traditional identification of Genetic Markers (GM) for PTSD is mainly based on a statistical clinical approach by comparing PTSD patients with normal controls. However, these statistical studies prese...
Article
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Student populations are susceptible to the COVID-19 pandemic and may easy develop mental health problems related to their immaturity of psychological development and fluctuation of mood. However, little has been known about the effects of the pandemic on college students and the associated influencing factors. This study aimed to explore the role o...
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Stressful experiences such as violence can affect mental health severely. The effects are associated with changes in structural and functional brain networks. The current study aimed to investigate brain network changes in four large-scale brain networks, the default mode network, the salience network, the fronto-parietal network, and the dorsal at...
Article
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Nancy Marbella Parra-Torres) Resumen Objetivo principal: Identificar los factores asociados a la presencia de signos de depresión en adultos mayores de una comunidad indígena. Metodología: Estudio de tipo transversal y correlacional constituido por una muestra de 150 adultos mayores de entre 60 a 85 años, de una comunidad indígena. Los adultos mayo...
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Behavioral problems are highly prevalent in domestic dogs, negatively affecting the quality of life of dogs and their owners. In humans and dogs, neuropsychological or neurobehavioral disorders can be associated with deviations in various neurotransmitter systems. Previous evidence has revealed correlations between urinary neurotransmitters and var...
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Considering that the classical categorical approach to mental disorders does not allow a clear identification of at-risk conditions, the dimensional approach provided by the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) is useful in the exploration of vulnerability to psychopathology. In the RDoC era, psychophysiological models have an important role in the reco...
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The large-scale disruptions to physical activity during the coronavirus pandemic have been found to be a leading predictor of common mental disorders. In addition, regular physical exercise has been found to alleviate anxiety, sadness and depression during the pandemic. These findings, together with numerous studies published before the pandemic on...
Article
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Background: In recent years, a new recovery model has gained ground in which recovery is understood as a process of change where individuals are able to improve their health and wellbeing, lead self-sufficient lives and strive to achieve their maximum potential (personal recovery). Despite the existence of data regarding the effectiveness of mental...
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Abstract Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common mental disorder after traumatic exposure that can have long-lasting physical and mental health consequences. In 2021, Ethiopia saw the highest number of internally displaced people (IDP) due to conflict and war with the scope of the internal displacement being very high in the st...
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Psychosocial problems due to COVID-19 can threaten children who contribute to mental disorders in adulthood. Psychosocial problems in children due to the pandemic in children include fear, difficulty, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, mood swings, depression, even thoughts of suicide. The purpose of writing this scientific paper is to find ou...
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It has been well-established that music can have a “healing” effect on the mind and body, in line with ancient cross-cultural beliefs that music can be used a therapeutic way. Over the past few decades, considerable efforts were made to explore the feasibility of music therapy as a nonpharmacological treatment for people with mental disorders. The...
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Objetivo: determinar o Senso de Coerência em pessoas privadas de liberdade de uma região de tríplice fronteira e correlacionar com variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e hábitos de vida. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 326 pessoas privadas de liberdade que autopreencheram o Questionário de Senso de Coerência, de abril a agosto de 2021. Pr...
Article
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Quality of life is defined from the economic sciences, as an effect of economic automatism and inequality in social development. In relation to people who consume psychoactive substances, it was determined that it radically affects the level and achievement of life, relationship, personal growth, physical well-being, safety, spirituality, environme...
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Eating disorders are complex diseases with multifactorial causes. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders text version (DSM-5-TR) and the WHO International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), the major types of eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating di...
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Civil war experience in the Syrian home country, insecurity and critical life events during migration, or adverse events in the receiving country might affect refugees’ mental health. This paper addresses the effects of psychological distress and mental disorders on refugees’ labor market integration in Germany between 2016 and 2021. We employ surv...
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(1) Background: the aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the occurrence of behaviors related to possible eating disorders in Spanish high-performance Olympic wrestling athletes. (2) Methods: The sample consisted of 22 elite female wrestlers selected through purposive sampling with inclusion criteria of (i) having been a nation...
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School administrators make decisions that directly affect the educational context in which teachers work and students learn. In this commentary, we argue that addressing the burnout of individual special educators without attending to school working conditions may do little to improve teachers’ burnout and the outcomes of students with emotional/be...
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Background: Severe and prolonged anxiety can cause mental disorders. Physiological changes and preparation for labor in the third trimester of pregnancy can trigger increased anxiety in pregnant women. One of the interventions to reduce anxiety in third-trimester pregnant women is yoga exercise. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to det...
Article
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The dual-continua model of mental health distinguishes between mental illness (presence of mental disorders, such as depression) and mental well-being (presence of positive traits and abilities). This model also distinguishes between hedonic well-being (e.g., affect balance and life satisfaction) and eudaimonic well-being (i.e., optimal psychologic...
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Medicinally important and endangered plant species R. serpentina belongs to family Apocynaceae, is a woody perennial shrub which has been used for treatment of different mental disorders. In this study, In-vitro propagation (Callus and shoot formation) of R. serpentina was studied by using different explants (Shoot tips, Nodal parts, internode part...
Article
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Background: Mental disorders are one of the leading causes of non-fatal disease burden and being experienced by population at large. To overcome the mental health issues like stress, depression, people experience of drug used. Using a substance and co-morbid with any type of illness exaggerate the overall health and using these known as dual diagno...
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Introduction Breastfeeding is a natural and universal practice across countries and cultures. It is estimated that several thousand lives could be saved per year if optimal breastfeeding practices were adopted across countries. In addition, breastfeeding has numerous health, emotional and developmental benefits for both the mother and her infant. D...
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1) Background: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by various symptom groups that tremendously affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to specify whether negative symptoms and cognitive deficits of schizophrenia correlate and can predict HRQoL. (2) Methods: Patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia were invi...
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Background Mental health professionals are often affected by mental health problems and disorders. Yet, the effects of these lived experiences on their causal beliefs and health concepts have not been investigated. The current study investigates how professionals’ lived depressive experiences and their perceived vulnerability to mental illness affe...
Preprint
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Mental disorders such as depression and suicidal ideation are hazardous, affecting more than 300 million people over the world. However, on social media, mental disorder symptoms can be observed, and automated approaches are increasingly capable of detecting them. The considerable number of social media users and the tremendous quantity of user-gen...
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Objective: This study evaluated the severity ratings for anorexia nervosa (AN) in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and an alternative severity rating based on overvaluation of weight/shape, on a range of psychological and biological variables. Method: A sample of 312 treatment-seeking patient...
Thesis
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This dissertation aims at empirically examining self-disorders and their relation to the schizophrenia spectrum, their potential nosologically impact and assessment of self-disorders. Self-disorders are manifestations of structural changes in the subject’s way of experiencing. Data from three different cohorts, in total 383 participants, were used...
Article
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Associated with mental health, of course, cannot be separated from the role of religion. In this paper, we will discuss how the influence of religion is related to mental health. Religious psychotherapy, namely therapy given by re-learning and practicing the teachings of Islam. As it is known that the teachings of Islam contain guidance on how huma...
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Given the good results of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of movement disorders, DBS was initially tried to treat Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) with the aim to alleviate LNS-related dystonia. Some cases have reported clinical results of DBS in LNS thus far. This systematic review was conducted to comprehensively summarize cases of LNS tr...
Article
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Gangguan mental merupakan jenis gangguan jiwa umum yang prevalensinya paling tinggi yaitu 3,6% dari populasi dunia. Gangguan kontrol emosi merupakan gangguan yang sering dihadapi mahasiswa. Presentase terbanyak gangguan mental emosional dengan angka 10% pada kelompok umur 15 – 24 tahun, umur tersebut merupakan usia produktif untuk mendapatkan pendi...
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Background Mental disorders are conditions that affect the usual function of the brain, causing a huge burden on societies. The causes are often unclear, but previous research has pointed out, as is the case with many other diseases, that nutrition could have a major role in it. Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, are the main precursor o...
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Research suggests that 10%–20% of preschoolers have emotional and behavioral problems that would place them at‐risk for development of emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). Preschool children who exhibit early onset of antisocial and externalizing problem behaviors require early social‐behavioral interventions focused on social skills. A scopin...
Preprint
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Psychopathological syndromes, such as disruptive behavior and anxiety disorders in adolescence, are characterized by distorted cognitions and problematic behavior. Biased interpretations of ambiguous social situations can elicit both aggressive and avoidance behavior. Yet, it is not well understood whether different interpretation biases are specif...
Article
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The mechanisms underlying the subjective experiences of mental disorders remain poorly understood. This is partly due to long-standing over-emphasis on behavioral and physiological symptoms and a de-emphasis of the patient's subjective experiences when searching for treatments. Here we provide a new perspective on the subjective experience of menta...
Preprint
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Les théories psychologiques sont des récits produits par des psychologues pour expliquer des relations entre des faits établis. Les théories psychologiques utilisées pour comprendre les jeux vidéo sont classé dans cinq grands domaines. la philosophie, la psychanalyse, la psychologie, la narratologie et là l'idéologie ont toutes contribué au dévelop...
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Background: People with mental disorders face stigma as a social obstacle in multiple areas of their lives. Therefore, stigma toward this population is a priority for global public health due to its numerous consequences for those affected. One of its manifestations is internalized stigma, which also has severe implications for people with mental d...
Article
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22q11 Syndrome is one of the so-called rare diseases. This syndrome is characterized by certain physical alterations. However, its manifestations also occur in other areas. At the linguistic level, there is mainly an alteration in the production of language. In the educational area, the manifestations of the syndrome cause learning difficulties tha...
Preprint
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Background Diagnostic categories in psychiatry are based on symptoms and include individuals with different underlying pathology. This within-diagnosis heterogeneity confounds new treatment development and treatment selection for individual patients. A research priority is to discover biomarkers that define groups of patients with similar neuropath...
Article
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Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that affect multiple areas of life; these disorders create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. The search for the most effective and safe treatments is essential. Aromatherapy as a specialized segment of Phyto-therapy has attracted the attention of many researche...
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is one of the major health concerns worldwide affecting not only human physical health but also contributing to the development of many mental disorders including impairment of the cognitive function. It is highly conceivable that elevation of the stress hormones, i.e., glucocorticoids and catecholam...
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Abstract Background Comorbid mental health conditions are common in people with epilepsy and have a significant negative impact on important epilepsy outcomes, although the evidence is mostly from high-income countries. This systematic review aimed to synthesise evidence on the association between comorbid mental health conditions and quality of li...
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The workplace is evolving towards scenarios where humans are acquiring a more active and dynamic role alongside increasingly intelligent machines. Moreover, the active population is ageing and consequently emerging risks could appear due to health disorders of workers, which requires intelligent intervention both for production management and worke...
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Mental health is an important topic in competitive sports, but there is only limited data from Switzerland. Although mental health is a prominent topic, it is difficult to estimate the efforts of Swiss sports federations to promote mental health. A representative sample of Swiss athletes (N = 1003, Mage = 21.69, SDage = 7.09, 54% women, 37% team sp...
Preprint
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Background People with mental illness have a reduced life expectancy, but the extent of the mortality gap and the contribution of natural and unnatural causes to excess mortality among people with mental illness in South Africa are unknown. Methods We analysed reimbursement claims and vital registration data from South African medical insurance sch...
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Purpose: The present study used a hierarchical generalized linear model to explore the effects of physical and mental health and occupational categories on occupational injuries and diseases. Methods: The data were obtained from the Registry for Beneficiaries of the 2002–2013 National Health Insurance Research Database. The benefit categories invol...
Article
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Background: To examine the impact of the lockdown period of the pandemic on COVID-19 phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in migraine patients. Methods: A total of 73 patients, including 39 migraine and 34 controls, completed the study during the lockdown period. The patients were evaluated using the Structured Headache Questionnaire...
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Background: Since March 2020, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to stop the spread of the virus, unprecedented measures were taken worldwide. One of the most important measures was the closure of schools and educational centers around the world in 2020, and very extreme health protocols have been in p...
Article
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The patient recovery process of individual with mental health disorder is reinforced if they are connected with their community and supported by relatives. The literature has shown that caregivers are important, although their roles can lead to alterations in their own health; and women are the most involved in this role. The present review investi...
Article
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Objective: To analyze the satisfaction of those responsible for adolescents with information received for the use of psychotropic drugs. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out in a reference outpatient clinic in Brasília between 2017 and 2019. It involved 173 legal representatives of adolescents diagnosed with Mental and Behavioral Disorders us...
Book
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General Description on Conflicts and Global Crisis Today The conflict and global crisis that is happening right now is a very terrible conflict and crisis that has never existed in the history of human civilization. The current conflict and global crisis begins with a mental health crisis. Before the emergence of COVID-19, mental disorders had atta...
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Background: Previous meta-analyses have shown that almost all antipsychotics are associated with weight gain. However, mean weight gain is not informative about clinically relevant weight gain or weight loss. Aims: To provide further insight into the more severe body weight changes associated with antipsychotic use, we assessed the proportion of pa...
Book
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IS THE MODERN WORLD REALLY GOING TO END OR IS THERE STILL GOD'S HELP FOR MODERN STATES AND INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TO HANDLING THEM? Three serious Questions on the Conflict and Global Crisis Today 1) Is the Modern World really going to end? Because modern states and international institutions are not able to handle conflict and global cirises t...
Article
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Abstract Background To compare the medicines for mental disorders included in national essential medicines lists with the World Health Organization (WHO) essential medicines list and assess the extent to which economic status and WHO Region account for the differences. Methods We searched WHO repository and government sites for national essential m...
Article
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Schizophrenia (SZ) is a serious mental disorder that is typically treated with antipsychotic medication. Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) is the condition where symptoms remain after pharmacological intervention, resulting in long-lasting functional and social impairments. As the identification and treatment of a TRS patient requires previou...
Preprint
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Human health is facing a host of new threats linked to unbalanced diets, including high sugar diet (HSD), which contributes to the development of both metabolic and behavioral disorders. Studies have shown that diet-induced metabolic dysfunctions can transmit to multiple generations of offspring and exert long-lasting health burden. Meanwhile, whet...
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Background: Medication non-adherence among children with mental disorders (MD) is frequent. Objectives: This research examines the association between medication adherence (MA) in children with MD and the perception of satisfaction with the healthcare received. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study was carried out; the surve...
Preprint
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Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a complex disorder that typically arises in late adolescence or early adulthood. Age at onset (AAO) of SCZ is associated with long-term outcomes of the disease. We explored the genetic architecture of AAO with a genome-wide association study (GWAS), heritability, polygenic risk score (PRS), and copy number variant (CNV) analy...
Preprint
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Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common among adolescents and has been linked to mental disorders and suicide in addition to physical injuries. According to the empirical avoidance model, adolescents with NSSI have stronger emotional experience and poorer emotional regulation than those without NSSI, which are core features of borderli...
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Affective response during physical activity can partly determine its adherence in adults with severe obesity living or not with a mental disorder. This study examined affective responses to physical activity in adults with severe obesity living or not with a mental disorder. Two groups (24 adults with severe obesity, body mass index = 44.4 kg/m², S...
Poster
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Despite a high prevalence of mental disorders among asylum seekers, many barriers to mental health care exist. Cultural and contextual factors strongly influence the experience and expression of psychological distress, putting asylum seekers at greater risk of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. The Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) is a u...
Article
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Background Worldwide, up to one fifth of children and adolescents are affected by mental disorders. Disorders that occur as early as school age are particularly stressful for those affected, but also for teachers. School-based mental health prevention programs have the potential to reduce the burden on both sides. Mental health literacy of teachers...
Article
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Objective Anxiety and depression are common mental disorders in glioma patients. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors, prognostic role, and longitudinal changes in anxiety and depression in postoperative glioma patients. Methods Anxiety and depression were assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline, month (M) 6, M12, M2...
Article
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Background COVID-19 spread between and across nearly every country, with considerable negative health consequences. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of violence and its association with mental health among Iranians older than 15 years in 2020. Methods Data was collected through National Mental Health Survey on 24,584 Iranians ol...
Article
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Depression, or major depressive disorder, is a common mental disorder that affects individuals’ behavior, mood, and physical health, and its prevalence has increased during the lockdowns implemented to curb the COVID-19 pandemic. There is an urgent need to update the treatment recommendations for mental disorders during such crises. Conventional in...