Mental Disorders - Science topic
Mental Disorders are psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Questions related to Mental Disorders
this is a simple article I'm up to , this has to be review Article but I hear some of my friends who her father has one of mental disorders and that makes her extraordinary kind , caring and more than anyone I know empathetic , then I noticed and find out that another friend of mine has a parent with personality disorder diagnosed but it influenced on him in a bad way may say , and I think he needs experts helps or at least care and listen so I decide to make a discussion if anyone wants to tell a story or talk maybe could help me with my Essay and also reading your sides , opinion anything ...
I would be thankful also you can send me an Email or msg here .
Childhood trauma is associated with numerous of psychopathologies, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression, antisocial behavior, and substance abuse. Traumatic events involve harm or threat of harm. Children who have been exposed to trauma have information processing biases that help them identify environmental risks more quickly. An increased emotional sensitivity to anger is one such bias. The number of children affected by posttraumatic stress disorder varies according to epidemiological studies. The effects of trauma on children have been studied in several studies including (a) Physical, sexual abused or assaulted (b) observing violent, behavior on another people (c) serious or life-threatening illness (d) Natural disaster or terrorism (e) war or military operations (f) Sudden loss of loved one. Many people suffering from PTSD are experiencing symptoms that are both persistent and severe. Nightmares, sleepiness, psychosomatic problems, stress, anxiety, impatience, embarrassment, aggression, suicidal behavior, hopelessness, and isolation are only few of the symptoms. Depression, anxiety, and alcohol/substance misuse are all mental diseases that can occur alongside trauma. It is a situation that's ordinary over people this is hard to remove, this medical problem requires the assist of expert psychiatric or psychologist to treat. People can be exposed to lifetime-threatening traumatic experiences and disaster-related stresses after the natural disaster take place
In this preprint (Schwarz, 2021) they indicate that the use of masks has a number of negative effects on children and adolescents, although they were unable to distinguish between the use of masks and the psychological and traumatic disruption caused directly by living through a pandemic with all its consequences.
"53% of children suffer from headaches.
49% of children are less cheerful.
44% of children no longer want to go to school.
38% of children suffer from learning problems.
25% of children develop new fears.
15% of children play less".
Source: Schwarz, S., Jenetzky, E., Krafft, H., Maurer, T., & Martin, D. (2020). Corona children studies" Co-Ki": First results of a Germany-wide registry on mouth and nose covering (mask) in children. Researchsquare.com (preprint) https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-124394/v2
In any case, although I do not like to use preprints, it is useful for me to reflect on the impact that the pandemic may have on children. I have two daughters and I am beginning to observe symptoms of stress, anguish and sadness, with occasional moments of crying for no apparent reason. It is not the scope of my research, but I am concerned about this.
How do you think this will end?
NOTES FOR CONSPIRANOIDS:
As I mentioned in my discussion, talking about this preprint "...they were unable to distinguish between the use of masks and the psychological and traumatic disruption caused directly by living through a pandemic with all its consequences.". Face masks are very important to fight against flu and SARS-CoV2. The incidence of flu this year is very low due to the use of face masks, and it's important to wear masks to avoid COVID disease and the collapse of the hospitals.
Cherry-picking, suppressing evidence, or the fallacy of incomplete evidence is the act of pointing to individual cases or data that seem to confirm a particular position while ignoring a significant portion of related and similar cases or data that may contradict that position. In this case, many COVID negationists are using papers like this one to attribute that masks are bad, and this is absolutely CHERRY-PICKING, especially when in the paper's conclusions it states the following:
"It is very important to us that our results do not lead to parents developing a fundamentally negative opinion of mask-wearing among children. Many children and adolescents are grateful that they can continue to attend school thanks to the AHA+L rules and would like adults to have a positive opinion about the masks, especially since the type of mask worn can usually be chosen. Furthermore, there are children for whom the mask may be a necessary aid, for example, if they are immunosuppressed after chemotherapy. Unreflective negative statements about the mask can cause a nocebo effect and unnecessarily stress children: it is better to listen and take it seriously when problems arise. "
I'd like to ask if any of you can recommend any reading on gender bias in psychological diagnosis. I'm interested in a broad approach to gender - i.e., publications that go beyond the binary division between male and female genders. The issue is quite decently described in terms of differences in diagnoses depending on whether the symptoms are manifested by women or men, but I cannot find any interesting research on the diagnosis/ misdiagnosis of mental disorders for people who identify as, for example, non-binary or transgender. I'd be grateful for any help!
The significance of omega-3 fatty acids, specially Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (present in fish oil) for human health is now well recognised and also show their efficacy to reduce mental disorders.
Emerging adults have multitudes of psychosocial stressors. However, it is not clear to what extent does regional variation determines the age of onset of major mental disorders.
Taxometric analysis is commonly done for psychiatric diagnosis to assess discrete categories vs dimension or dimensions + categories. But has it been done for medical diagnoses with similar characteristics. The best example I can think of is hypertension (HTN). I have attached a graphic file looking at the most recent systolic BP recommendation and the distribution of blood pressures in the population. I also searched available literature for taxometric analysis of hypertension and could find nothing.
Is it possible that all polygenic, quantitative rather than qualitative disorders (HTN, asthma, diabetes, etc) produce the same results as psychiatric disorders in general? (I have found one study of metabolic syndrome.)
Living in poor regions in addition to economic difficulties, causes certain mental disorders not only related to poverty but the residents of these regions cause psychological damage in people with a tendency to depression or mild autism.
I'm trying to study the relationship between a family history of depression and brain's intrinsic functional connectivity in individuals at high risk for depression (by virtue of having a first-degree relative with a lifetime history of depression). Unfortunately, owing to the inherent difficulty associated with using the gold standard way of examining families' diagnostic status (i.e., using SCID), I've been forced to obtain the required information by means of self-reports -using the participants as informants. I'm well aware that this imposes a serious limitation on my ability to interpret my findings. However, I need to know if there has ever been an effort to see how well the ideas of the general population regarding psychiatric diagnoses (particularly, a major depressive disorder diagnosis) are in line with diagnoses confirmed by a psychiatrist. In other words, have there been studies comparing the results of general population self-reports about mental disorders (either their own or that of their family members) with actual psychiatric diagnoses?
I would really appreciate your response.
I'm doing a research with my team on Depression in India. We need a dataset of social media posts of Indian people. We want to do Sentiment Analysis on these posts and find out some insights which are India specific.
- We have tried Facebook(but its very hard to scrape data from it).
- We have tried Reddit(but got very less posts, also it doesn't tell the country)
- We looked twitter, but not fruitful.
It is possible that we can get data from the above three more efficiently, but do not know how?
If there is any forum related to depression, or mental health, it will also work.
We've also posted related question here:
TL;DR: Looking for Indian dataset of social media posts of depresses/anxious people.
Post Covid 19 the scenario in India has changed and some of the private insurance companies are providing coverages for mental disorders. So My question is what mental disorders are covered in different countries?
If there is any tool which can be used for initial screening of Mental disorders by non psychiatric department as well (in hospital setting), we can prevent lots of patient (submerged portion of iceberg phenomena) in the light of clinical investigation.
I try to find the effect of culture on thinking and behavior, and this is especially true for people with obsessive-compulsive disorder
I would be very grateful for your help
Who can help me find studies or references that study the relationship of culture to mental disorders.
I would be very grateful for your help. :)
'Personality' is defined as a population of one (1). How, then, can personality be considered "disodered"? Furthermore, since "disordered" in reference to personality is based in mental disorder but on on social norms, why is "personality disorders" listed and described in a manual of "mental" disorders?
I am work on dissertation about the possibility of using methods of applied psychophysiology to solve the problems of forensic psychiatry.
I am conducting some researches to identify symptom patterns in mental disorders. I would like to have some meta-analysis or seminal papers on the topic.
I'm currently looking at the aetiology of different mental disorders. I find it the basic model of aetiology (Margraf & Scheider, 2009) quite useful. It distinguishes between predisposing, precipitating and maintaining factors. But how clearcut is this distinction?
For example in individuals with schizophrenia it was found that they have an altered brain structure (Olabi et al., 2011) and a abnormal amount of neurotransmitter (-receptors) (Howes, McCrutcheon & Stone, 2015). But are these factors accountable for predisposing those individuals or should they be considered maintaining factors?
Due to the advancement in machine learning and it's application in psychiatry and clinical psychology, their is a need to understand the reliability of various programming software for predicting the prevalence of suicide and it's risk factors.
I am trying to understand data generated from our study into mental disorders in forced migrant adolescents. We have not used a dissociation scale but are wondering if there is dissociative (and/or perhaps alexithymic) features in the data we've collected so far.
A lit search has not revealed anything for Achenbach scales & dissociation but I thought I read somewhere that the Achenbach measured dissociation eg, an embedded dissociation scale. This is not a formal Achenbach scale, but perhaps others have proposed one (as was the case for the CBCL-PTSD scale).
In the litterature on depression scales, these are often validated by comparing their convergent validity with the diagnoses given by psychiatrists. This of course implicitly assumes that the psychiatrists' diagnosis is more accurate than any existing scale.
So what evidence or discussions are you aware of regarding the validity of the depression diagnosis as administered by a psychiatrist (or psychologist)?
Autism is a disorder which effects the behavioral skills of a child for the rest of his/ her life. Trying to estimate the cost of different variables to asses the cost benefit effectiveness of a Communication centered Parent mediated intervention for Autism in South Asia. Maximum literature is from the developed parts of the world which makes it in appropriate to adopt similar tools in Low and Middle Income Countries in South Asia.
For further details kindly refer to this link for the project description.
I believe while doing research about depression we are doing a huge mistake. We often use screening tools for depression, such a self-reported scale (e.g. EURO-D), and those who are at risk are often called "depressed".
Being at high risk for depression does not mean being depressed.
I often read about incredibly high prevalence of depression in many studies, but then in the methods I see a screening tool was used to measure depressive symptoms.
Depression is not diagnosed in such a way.
Diagnosis of depression can be done only in a clinical setting.
While using scale for screening, we need to talk about "individuals at high risk for depression" or individuals with "high level of depressive symptoms".
It is like if we would refer to those with low tolerance to glucose as diabetic after asking them the value of glucose last time they made a blood test. Actually, this would be even more accurate.
What is your idea?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the commonest behavioral disorders in children
I am an aspiring researcher. I am 31 and have little educational background. I am in the middle of my associates degree in something that has nothing to do with research. What should be my next course of action? I am interested in philosophy and neuropsychology, even more specifically addictions and mental disorders. How should I achieve my goal of becoming a researcher?
- Are there places in the world where DID is integrated into culture (e.g. hmong shamanism) or appears in folklore?
- What are some places that are better and that are worse at recognizing DID?
- Does the whole world use the DES?
- When DID is diagnosed, what are the treatments in places other than America/Europe?
The World Health
Organization (WHO) has developed Problem Management Plus (PM+), a 5-session, individual psychological interven tion program, that can be delivered by non-specialist counsellors that addresses common mental disorders
We see the small island of Britain off the west coast of Europe posturing as global policeman vis a vis Syria/Russia/Iran/ North Korea, not sure who else?
But in their own backyard they have failed to even understand the question, let alone offer a solution on the Irish border post Brexit,
I begin to wonder if there is a direct correlation between economic decline (these things go in cycles you know) and the mental capacity to understand the world around you and what you need to do to survive?
Are there experts out there who can enlighten us please?
Needs to be fairly short and accessible. Preferably relating to MH in children but that's not essential.
World Health Organization stated that Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, characterized by profound disruptions in thinking, affecting language, perception, and the sense of self.
I now have created a compact version of the ``theory of everything'' I am developing since several years, also including the biological and psychological extensions dealing with human body, human soul, and human mind, in the latter case, comprising mental disorders just like drugs applied to treat mental disorders. In particular, in the last chapter (``On the Quest of the Actual Nature of Being''), I there present formal boxes which compactly elucidate the central feature of all this, namely the interrelation of forces and fields in the context of macroscopic systems and microscopic systems, naturally incorporating gravitation, electromagnetism, and self-interaction, by way of example, also presenting the way to the notions ``weak interaction'' and ``strong interaction'' as used in quantum field theory. Please consult the copies ``Understanding Nature Truly'', part one, two, and three presented in RG in the context of my projects
``Theory of Everything'' (part one) and ``Human Soul as Mathematical Object ...'' (part two, three). Do these formal boxes contain enough information to show that the ``theory of everything'' I am developing since several years indeed works? Do these formal boxes contain enough information to show that ``theory of everything'' is not what people so far a looking for, but something completely different? Do these formal boxes contain enough information to show that exactly this is the problem preventing that people realize the way I am going as the right way?
Literature would tell that CBT is one of the widely used and researched therapy, but there are also claims that it has already lost its efficacy throughout time.
We are researching he causal links between drinking high TDS underground well water and health issues in indigenous communities.
There is a lot of Chronic Kidney disease, Heart Disease, Diabetes, etc. The mortality rates are very high.
Hi everyone, I am searching for a drug having contraceptive or anti fertility properties but induces a severe mental disorder like depression, bipolar disorder etc.
There is a huge clinical literature on this mental disorder, but the problem stubbornly and tragically persists. I wonder if it is strongly grounded in amygdala pathology.
I am looking for a comparative study on the mental health policies in Europe. My main focus is the psychiatric hospital and the covered versions of it which reintroduce institutionalization of psychiatric patients. Anyone can suggest me good books or some good articles? Thanks.
I am looking for data regarding the prevalence of mental disorders in german high schools (Gymnasium). Can anyone recommend a source?
It involves a combination of recognised therapies - music, laughter and exercise but has it been formally studied?
Pediatric & Adult Psychiatric
pediatric & Adult Psychologist
Pediatric & Adult Neurologist
In literature most of the researchs about treatment response using DSM-IV or DSM5 criterias, CGI-I, PTSD-I scores but none of seperate treatment response negative or positive as binary.
In depression trials, researchers use Beck Depression Inventory or HAM-D score %50 reduction for negative or positive treatment response. Is it ok to use PTSD-I score %50 reduction for treatment response?
Thank you for your answers.
Recent research relating to analysis of problems, and recommendations for improvements r/t quality care issues in psychiatric/mental health care ?
I am in need of a gold standard dataset with features all of the mental disorders such as Depression, PTSD, Bipolar etc. and their symptoms. For example, symptoms of depression are back pain, apathy, hopelessness, fatigue etc.
I want to know the current state of research regarding 'data mining in psychiatry (especially in analyzing and evaluating mental disorders)'. Is there any work that makes use of social media data ?
In the 4th edition of the “Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders” (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association, “substance abuse” and “substance dependence” were regarded as separate diagnoses and hence have separately been subjects of research. However, in DSM-V (issued in 2013), “substance abuse” and “substance dependence” have been substituted by an overarching diagnosis “substance use disorders” in order to avoid ambiguities that existed when abuse and dependence were separate diagnoses.
Therefore, in this era of DSM-V, would carrying out epidemiological studies on substance dependence (and for that matter on substance abuse) be of any practical relevance?
We extracted a random selection of 400 women between the ages of 18 and 40 from the Norwegian Population Register. We then sent out a series of questionnaires to all these women, printed in a single brochure on high-quality glossy paper. There were about 5 (relatively short) questionnaires in total, which should take about 20-30 minutes to complete. There was nothing to special about these questionnaires, pretty much standard questionnaires measuring anxiety, depression, and symptoms of some mental disorders (OCD and eating disorders). Participants were required to complete the questionnaires and send them back to us by post, using an envelope (which was stamped) included in the questionnaire-package. There was no compensation (i.e. gift-cards) for participation.
Although we are still receiving responses, the response-rate so far is very poor. It looks like we will end up with a response-rate of about 15%.
Do any of you have any experiences with similar studies? What sort of response-rates can one expect from such studies? Within Our research-Group, we did similar studies 20 years ago in which approx. 70-80% responded. Lastly, do any of you have any opinions regarding how to boost response-rates? Would one expect monetary compensations (in the form of a lottery for example) too make much of a difference. How about delivering the questionnaires electronically, through e-mails? Or are response-rates generally low nowadays?
I'm curious to hear other's experiences with similar studies!
I have been following peer-reviwed articles on Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for treatment of mental disorders, particularly speaking, depression. TMS for treatment of depression has recently been received FDA (Food & Drug Administration) approval. I am looking for studies related to TMS for treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder and the prognosis of FDA approval.
Just as uncertain that I am about the interest of this perspective in the scientific World I am just as convinced about it gains if conducted.
If I conducted a thematic analysis of tweets responding to the portrayal of a mental disorder on a television show what would the theoretical framework of this be?
What are the factors that influencing attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help. Kindly, mention any culture-related variables with the name of the culture, if possible. Your opinions should not have an evidence in literature since it is intended to be examined in one future international study. Great to hear from you. Best wishes. Ahmad.
Im finding it difficult to get information on the role of therapist in Psych-oncology team as have essay to do - cancer survivor with mental disorder -anxiety, PTSD and MDT
Time running out on me and appreciate any current article
Also any case study - assessment, psychological intervention in breast cancer
focusing on the prevention of dementia, the risk factors involved and how to reduce the prevalence by reducing the number developing dementia
I am currently involved in Transpeople Research. But I could not find any article that focuses on their KAP about Mental Illness. Can you help me find one?
For example: Children with psychic trauma, depressions, oncological diseases?
Rhythmic Massage - Effects on body, soul, mind?
There are several treatments that are most often used to manage BPD.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness marked by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. In 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III) listed BPD as a diagnosable illness for the first time. Most psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use the DSM to diagnose mental illnesses.
As teachers, do you receive any training (before or during the service) to identify or/and lead with adult students with mental disorders/diseases, such as hyperactivity, attention deficit disorder or autism spectrum disorders? What aspects were adressed?
In my province it's not a rare thing to see mentally ill people roaming the streets. Often a times they've proved to be a danger to the other citizens. About two years back there has been a spate of attacks on other people,with one recorded fatality.. .the question arises what are the provisions of the Act? Who is responsible to see that they get the necessary care and management without posing a danger to the society at large?
is there any comprehensive computational, or formal model (and/or visual representation) for Generalized Anxiety Disorder or any other mental disorder or disease?
In last decade this is very important question and this issue should be discussed within each country, unfortunately only some countries have conducted this trials (U.K., U.S.). In many countries there are still no data on this topic. According to the some data available in the literature, patients with mental disorders are very often overtreated and especially antipsychotic polypharmacy is used in 1/3 cases without any evidence to support its use. In many cases appropriate treatment strategy with the use of advanced psychopharmacology and outcomes from the clinical trials can avoid the polypharmacy.
I see these two terms in literature but in most of the studies, these have used with same meaning. Are these same? or Not?
There seems a sublime difference between the mental disorders and behabioural disorders. Sometimes we are not aware of the difference between them. It is also difficult to draw a line between these two. All mental disorders are behavioural disorders but all behavioural disorders are not mental disorders. Physiological and psychological factors (internal factors) dominate in mental disorders whereas in behavioural disorders sociological factors (external factors) dominate.
I am developing a screening tool to identify mental disorders in forced migrant populations. So far we have used CART & ROC & sensitivity/specificity analyses to get a reasonable ROC (.801) with a cut-off score of 2 items but we really need to increase the ROC (i.e. specificity is too low - about 65%).
I am therefore after input from anyone proficient in Item Response Models (e.g. Rasch or other hierarchical models) that will help me to maximise the predictive accuracy of our screening tool.
I am looking to conduct a qualitative exploration of co-parenting when the other parent has a diagnosis of BPD but wanted to include some measures or concurrently run a quant study looking at parenting stress in the non-diagnosed parent. I don't know whether to ask retrospectively about when the partner was 'ill' or if this biases the data too much away from how well they co-parent most of the time potentially?
I am writing my PHD thesis "Eating disorders in China : a transcultural approach" and I am looking for references concerning history of anorexia (or bulimia) in China before Sing Lee's studies, eventually linked to taoism ? ...