Science topic

Medicinal Plants and Herbs - Science topic

Medicinal Plants and Herbs are medicinal Properties of Plants and Herbs
Questions related to Medicinal Plants and Herbs
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I ask about the classification of this plant, it is a wild parasite that grows in Algeria.
The plant belongs to Cistanche genus , but I would like to know the specie??
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Have you checked it as Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link ?
Thanks!
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In my lab, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity of plant extract was checked based on Klein et al, 1992. but for us the absorbance value for samples increased more than the control.
My question is
1. why is the absorbance of the sample more? we used DMSO for sample preparation. is it because of that?
2. what has to be used as blank? we used Nash reagent as blank, is this right?
please clear my doubts..... it will be more useful for me.....
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What is the use of DMSO
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The majority of medicinal plants are obtained from wild resources, making them a worldwide valued resource. Destructive harvesting usually leads to resource exhaustion and even extinction of species. As a result, the long-term usage of medicinal herbs should be considered, as should good harvesting procedures. What techniques and methodologies ensure that medicinal plant resources are conserved and used sustainably?
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In-situ and ex-situ conservation is the best solution for the conservation and sustainable management of medicinal plants but community awareness is also important. In most cases, the medicinal plants are collected by untrained or unprofessional local shepherds, plant collectors, some local traders, and even schoolchildren. They do not know even the plant part used as medicine and active ingredients and collecting/harvesting the plant's irrational ways like if the medicinal part of the plant is leaves, instead of collecting some leaves they cut the whole plants; if the active ingredients or medicinal part of the plant is root then they uproot the plant before seed setting which is the major reason of poor regeneration and sustainability of the plant resource in a certain area. There is thus a need first to identify the people who are involved in plant collection the to provide them training on the proper time of harvesting and collection techniques sustained without degrading the basic resources. There should be a clear-cut government policy on medicinal plant collection and trade following sustainable harvest and management principles.
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Do you know of any plants or active substances which can be used for wound healing?
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Studying natural herbs could provide a safer alternative to the treatment of female infertility.
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hi ..this article will help you
Female infertility and herbal medicine: An overview of the new findings
Mohsen Akbaribazm,Nader Goodarzi,Mohsen Rahimi
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Normally it was observed that plant grow in cold climate had produced bigger amount of resveratrol. Whereas further research finding indicate a surprising conclusion that it is because, in cold climate the plants are more susceptible for fungal infection. Therefore plants produce resveratrol to prevent itself against the fungal infection.
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We are performing an antidiabetic assay by inducing alloxan in rats and we have to share with metformin, glibenclamide, or actrapid for the positive control.
Which of these three drugs is the best to use?
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Dear Nantenaina, thank you for sharing this very interesting technical question with the RG community. For streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia please have a look at the following potentially useful article:
Glibenclamide or Metformin Combined with Honey Improves Glycemic Control in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
(please see the attached pdf file)
Also see the following interesting paper: Comparative effects of glibenclamide, metformin and insulin on fetal pancreatic histology and maternal blood glucose in pregnant streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats
This article has been posted by the authors as public full text on RG. Thus you can freely download it as pdf file. Good luck with your research and best wishes!
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Dear colleagues,
Please let me know if you know the mint (Mentha spp.) collection. We are collecting mint genotypes. Mints are very diverse, beautiful and widely used and we welcome any kind of cooperation.
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Dear
Glad to cooperate if you are interested in species from Sudan. We can keep in contact to know how could this become true. best wishes
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I'd like to know about the antibacterial compounds of those species. Can you suggest any previous researches?
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Dear Emerson
Thank you for your interest
Betel leaf has two major compound Hydroxychavicol and eugenol
Both compound has antibacterial activity.
Best wishes
Atikul
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How to treat auto-immune diseases naturally, using plants or natural products, with the reference?
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Have a look at the following RG link.
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I am attaching the photos of a Rubiaceae member for identification which I have taken from Oddanchatram, Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, India.
I request the specialists to identify the plant.
Thank you.
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It looks close to Oldenlandia corymbosa L.
Thanks!
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I have been doing a project on legumes, the place where I initially got the material is unable to supply it further, so I want to find some other source. How can I ensure standardisation of my plant material?
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it mean the overall level that you must fulfilled
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Ethnomedicinal practices useful in the treatment of acne
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Turmeric and aloe Vera
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Many herbs interact with the chemicals where in their bio-availability is either enhanced to the extent that they become toxic or the herbs interact with chemical substances to produce toxic effect. This needs to be taken care of.  
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Exactly, Sir, Younis Munshi Agree with u people used to take ethnomedicine as functional food but simulteneously what they are taking they never confess that to the physician , so its high time to research related to herb drug interaction pharmacokinetic
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CHALCONE
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Ashitaba angel
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Does anyone know the mechanism of action of essential oils like origan (and their constituents like carvacrol) on Escherichia Coli cells? Do the EO inhibit shiga-toxin production as well as kill the cell membrane ?
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Interesting question, carvacrol is the subject of my doctoral thesis
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I am a student in ethnobotany in France and I am particularly interested in the contraceptive properties of plants to compare with hormonal chemical actual methods.
Do you know researches which deal with this subject, or do you have any information from your own researches or your own culture ?
Ideally, I am looking for the latin name of the plants, the way it is used and any ethnobotanic and medical details.
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I proved that this tree fern possesses an antidiabetic activity and I want to know whether these plant possess any other medicinal properties.
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Yes! Please go through the following PDF attachment.
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We always hear that herbal medicines don't have side effects beacuse they are natural. However, the synthetic drugs are associated with a lot of side effects. How true is this statement?
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Herbal medicines may produce negative effects such as allergic reactions, rashes, asthma, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea that can range from mild to severe.
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Plant parts used and diseases treated
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Please take a look at this RG link.
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Is there any EU country or state in the US that "officially" approved the use of Allium sativum (Garlic) for the management of primary hypertension? There seem to be a lot of evidence based research that shows the indication for hypertension to be excellent. Has Allium sativum (Garlic) been patented apart from local consumption for food and spices?
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Please also go through the following PDF attachment.
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Retention Index in the range of numbers such as 14.66-48.50
Kovat's retention Indices in the range of numbers such as 994-1723
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Dear Roberta Tardugno thanks a lot
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I am working on phyto-chemical analysis of Cassia angustifolia extracts. GC-MS conditions were used from published literature. I got GC-MS results in the form of graph and a list of 900 compounds. None of the compounds mentioned in the list can be found in literature. Even the most common compounds like kaempferol etc are not present in my extract. What can be the reason for this?
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If you aren't so sure about the Calibration of your machine, try to run same experiments but this time using know verified compounds. Then compare the RTs.
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cinnamon zeylanicum ,
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Cinnamon is used for many purposes (1). There is no single solvent or extraction procedure that is "best" for all of them. Which indication interests you? There will probably be a class of compounds that can use an optimized extraction.
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Any reports or articles regarding the licorice and black tea?
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Recently I've extracted passion fruit seed oil after studying about its recovery from seed. Now i wanna know if there is any edible or medicinal purpose for it. Looking forward for your answers
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Medicinal uses of the herb Clinacanthus nutans and the scientific studies carried out on the plant.
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Kindly go through the following PDF attachments.
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I would like to know other plants different from the already commercially known, and establish if the major phytochemical content is related to their activity
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Acacia concinna, Azadirachta indica, Centella asiatica, Citrus limon, Cucumis sativus, Curcuma longa, Eclipta alba, Lawsonia inermis, Ocimum tenuiflorum and Phyllanthus emblica are some of the plants used traditionally for cosmetic purposes in India.
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I'd like to know the antiseptic compounds in banana's stem, because i saw people in Lombok, Indonesia use it as a traditional medicine for their lesions. Thank you.
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There are are so many threatened or rare medicnal plants to conserve. Still now there is no tissue culture work on so many species. Why don't we think about it?
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Several projects are in process...
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Similarity Indices are widely applied in the field of ecology to measure species diversity as well as to map patterns of conservation and monitor threats to biodiversity. Among the known, Jaccard's and Sorensen's indices are the most frequently employed similarity Indices. Here, we propose a new and efficient statistical approach in the field of ethnobiology and validate its efficacy by comparing the results with predefined similarity Indices used in previous studies. The core objective was to propose a new index for quantitative ethnobiological analyses and to find out solutions for sorting the plants having similar ethnobiological uses in allied, aligned, national and global regions; as the pre-existing indices like Jaccard's and Sorensen's indices provides best estimates in the field of ecology but not in ethnobiological studies. In comparative ethnobiological studies, ethnobiologists use conventional ecological tools for evaluation of similarities and dissimilarities. Our proposed similarity index is based on the quantification of similar uses of common medicinal plants via comparing present study with previously published reports from various areas where, the author(s) have used the Sorensen's index and/or Jaccard's index. To assess the significance and validity of this newly developed index, similarities and differences in ethnomedicinal studies on medicinal plants in different regions were evaluated. Data regarding medicinal plants usage here was compared with 20 previously published studies and then analyzed through pre-existing indices as well as Rahman's index to examine the novelty in the study. Our preliminary results revealed noteworthy coherence with the existing similarity indices, albeit, the new index was more efficient than the previous. Our comparison revealed, that as far as common vegetation and floral levels are concerned, the existing ecological coefficients of similarity are efficient and precise; but for similarities in the field of medicinal plant studies certain constraints are overcome by the proposed similarity index. Inferences derived from Rahman's similarity index (RSI) are as reliable as the previously known and well-established similarity indices. Further, RSI specifically targets the ethnobiological similarities, a limitation in Jaccard's and Sorensen's indices. Thus, RSI would be a useful tool/index in the assessment of rigorous quantitative ethnobiological data.
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Could trace out that paper. Attached herewith.
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This is Zingiber sp. but I would like to request, if anyone can say what species of Zingiber this is.
I would be grateful to him/her for identifying the species.
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Zingiber zerumbet (Zingiberaceae) is correct identification. Kindly see the following RG link.
Thanks!
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the aloe vera leaves are gel like substance how can i dry this leaves and prepare aqueous extract.
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what is the procedure for determining total phenolic content of aleo vera? can i use gel directly for calculate Total Phenolic content?
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what is (medicinal plant) Lippia citriodora cultivars?
I want to know name a cultivar lippia citriodora ??
Regards
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lemon verbena ..
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For example, a 150 microliter dose is effective but 200 microliter not. Please suggest some relevant literature if available.
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Plant extract can show more activity at lower dose than the higher dose. It's the function of potency of the plant extract
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This is a medicinal plant, use in case of furuncle in the tribal district Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA. Locally called as Ta-Aag Pa-Chang in Kinnaur. Can anybody identify the botanical name of this plant  ?
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@ Dr. Domizia Donnini & Dr.
Kalidass C.
Plantago media L. is not found in India.
Please have a look at the following link.
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dear doctors,
is this plant chamomile?
can you give me the species. best regards.
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Definitively there are not enough characters shown to get to a precise identification. Anyway I would exclude Matricaria since it should not have brownish scarious phyllaries margins and the receptacle begins early to grow upwards.
It is also important to know where this plant has been found.
Here in Italy so-shaped phyllaries are found in Chamaemelum fuscatum (=Anthemis parecox).
If you have a sample you could show the shape of the inner phyllaries (those that subtend the disk florets).
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In mellisa officinalis, Lavanula officinalis, and rosa domestica.
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ok so let me get this straight, as soon as the water starts to boil (at 100oC) I should directly lower down the temperature to 60oC, right?
One more thing, I have discovered that the smell of the oil is filled with the smell of cooked plant which is a very bad smell, given the fact that I am working with dry lavender flowers. My question is, for how long should I run the procedure of hydrodistillation ? is 3h enough ?
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Advanced medicines and pills have become such an important part of people's lives that Ayurveda seems to have vanished from the picture completely. Nevertheless, it contains all those medicinal plants and herbs which can effectively treat and cure multiple health problems. These medicines have been a part of our lives since our existence and have been our medical support since ancient time. Their effectiveness is evident from the fact that these medicines are now being tested for their benefits in curing certain diseases.
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The sacred Parijat tree tree found in the village of Kintoor, near Barabanki of the Uttar Prades state of India, about which there are several legends, is not a true Parijat/Harsingar tree. In fact it is a Baobab tree scientifically known as Adansonia digitata, which belongs to family Malvaceae. It is native to Africa.
True Parijat tree is scientifically known as Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, which belongs to family Oleaceae. It is a small deciduous tree found growing wild in tropical dry deciduous forest of Northern and Central India. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is frequently grown as ornamental plant due to its fragrant flowers.
Please have a look at these useful RG links regarding medicinal properties and uses of Nyctanthese arbor-tristis.
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Choongan Caralluma
Caralluma Tuberculata
Urdu: Chongan
English: Bitter Cress
Pushto: Pamankay
It is a wild plant used as a food. Its taste is bitter.
It is found in Africa, Saudi Arabia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Southern Europe.
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Choongan Caralluma is a medicinal plant, used in Ayurveda traditional medicine. This plant has purgative action, anti-inflammatory and protein digestive action-proteolytic action of latex. The medicated thread Ksharsutra is prepared by coating the thread with latex along with turmeric and alkali of acyranthes aspera plant. Such thread is used in Hemorrhoids and mainly in Fistulous tract for slow cutting action, this Technic is now more or less universal as minimum invasive para surgical method.
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Dear all 
I am trying to collect  and study some herbs with minimum to toxicity to be used for hypertension patients    
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Dear Saifeldin Mohamed Kahir Abdelrahim,
Several medicinal plants have traditionally been used as antihypertensive including Allium sativum L., Rhus coriaria L., Berberis spp., Vaccinium arctostaphylos L., Hibiscus sabdariffa L., Citrus spp. and Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze.
Please have a look at these useful RG links and PDF attachments.
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Bryophytes.
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I would like to know how to increase the product yield without reducing the assay
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Interested
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Have you ever planted a tree? How we can save plants as they have great significance in our life?
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Plants/trees play a very important role in our life. They fulfil our food, fodder fuel, timber, fibre and medicinal needs. Plants/trees are helpful in mitigation of environmental pollution.They are the source of oxygen and sink of carbon dioxide Trees such as Tamarind (Tamarindus indicus) Ashok (Polyalthia longifolia) and Neem (Azadirachta indica) are very useful in control of noise pollution. Plants/trees are also helpful in restoration of degraded lands. Furthermore, plants are useful in removal of heavy metals from the contaminated sites. Trees are helpful in the maintenance of ground water level.
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Market chain from raw materials to manufacturing of consumer products to consumption of those products
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Nice answer by Taifa....
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Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. It has got medicinal properties. There is any specific research that may have extracted some compounds (alkaloids) of medicinal importance.
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Dear collègue,
It is the good médical plants.
See some publications :
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/.../pii/S2314808X17302166 - Traduire cette pagede K Peter - ‎2017 - ‎Cité 4 fois - ‎Autres articles[21] reported alkaloids, glycosides, terpenes, and sugars as the major ..... In another study it was shown that 50% ethanolic extracts of A. viridis Linn. leaves had ...
Research In Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Vol. 3(1), pp. 11-16, January 2011 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/rpb ISSN 2141-2324 ©2011 Academic Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L.
Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1
1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan.2Chemistry Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh, Malton Mardan, Pakistan.
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Anyone know what is most important orchid in medicine?
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Hello
Some species like Dendrobium nobile, Eulophia campestris, Orchis latifolia,
Vanda roxburghii and Vanda tessellata have been documented for their medicinal
value. Phytochemically, orchids have been reported to contain alkaloids, triterpen-
oids, flavonoids and stilbenoids. Ashtavarga, a group of eight medicinal plants, is a vital part of Ayurvedic formulations like Chyvanprasha and four of these plants viz, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Jivaka and Rishbhaka belong to the family Orchidaceae
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first of all what step I should choose? 
what is the procedure to publish this project?
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Thanks
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How to determine a toxic plant as medicinal and medicinal plants becoming toxic.
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Can't we said that the plants are toxic in general and not all medicinal plants are safe always this depend on the active constituent and its concentration, Also depend on the route of administration as for example some of plants toxic when taken orally but can be use topically to treat certain disease ( not absorbed from skin). In addition this depend on target tissue and organ.
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I have a question regarding antibiotics as positive controls in plant crude extracts antibacterial assay . I am following Dr. Eloff method in the publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/13355248.
I will start by running susceptibility test using the standard agar well diffusion to test the activity of the extracts, then I will run broth Micro-dilution (MIC) for those bacteria that the extracts possess antibacterial activity towards it.
I am using tetracycline, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole as positive controls in both tests. However, I do have the powder form of the antibiotics and I am not sure how to prepare the stock solution for these tests. It is a bit confusing.
I apologize if I am taking too much of your time, but kindly please would you recommend to me a procedure to follow regarding this matter?
I am not sure if it is necessary to calculate potency in order to prepare the stock solution of the antibiotics when they will be used as positive controls and the MIC will not be about drug susceptibility but plant crude extracts susceptibility?
The antibiotics I will be using are : Tetracycline T3258 SIGMA http://goo.gl/B4RsMM (12.5 mg/mL) Trimethoprim https://goo.gl/9sreG5 ( 25g per 50mL) Sulfamethoxazole https://goo.gl/mKuMbg (5g per 40mL)
Thank you very much. I'll appreciate your kind help.
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What type of bacteria do you study?
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Why is that when the plant extract is active on a particular disease the isolated active compound from the extract fails to deliver the same result ?
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Yes, sometimes synergistic activities are present in extracts and when isolated, these actions may not be there and that is why they are not effective as that of the extract.
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dear doctors can you help me identify the plants in the attached files?
thank you as well
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De prime abord je dirais :
Plant1 : Asphodelus ramosus = Asphodelus microcarpus
Plant 2 : Quercus coccifera
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Im try the hydrolysis following method below .
The question is that we use acid afterwards for neutralization of product the salt formation takes place it also settles down along with product, we precipitate by adding ethanol But the salt will also be precipitated will remian in final product! How to cope the situation any method for only precipitating hydrolyzed gum ?
"Basic hydrolysis of purified D. sissoo gum was performed byusing the method given by Beltran [23]. The 5 g of purified gum washydrolyzed with saturated solution of barium hydroxide (200 mL)for 8 h at 100◦C. The hydrolyzed sample was neutralized with 1 MH2SO4.The resultant product was precipitated with ethanol, fil-tered and at 50◦C oven-dried".
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A first precipitation should occur after the neutralization with sulfuric acid solution. The insoluble barium sulfate which is formed should be filtered out.
Then a second precipitation with ethanol should be conducted in the solution obtained by filtration. In this way the salts should be eliminated.
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dear doctors I am looking for someone who helps me to evaluate the anti-prostate cancer activity of plants and their active ingredients in vitro?
best regards
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According to Wikipedia: Cannabis sativa seeds are chiefly used to make hempseed oil which can be used for cooking, lamps, lacquers or paints. They can also be used as caged-bird feed, as they provide a moderate source of nutrients for most birds. The flowers (and to a lesser extent the leaves, stems, and seeds) contain psychoactive chemical compounds known as cannabinoids that are consumed for recreational, medicinal and spiritual purposes. When so used, preparations of flowers (marijuana) and leaves and preparations derived from resinous extract (e.g., hashish) are consumed by smoking, vaporising and oral ingestion. Historically, tinctures, teas and ointments have also been common preparations. In traditional medicine of India in particular C. sativa has been used as hallucinogenic, hypnotic, sedative, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent.
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We are studying on the plant species as in the photos.
The genus of this plant is Dracaena species. Some scientists suggested that is Dracaena augustifolia.
However we are not sure about this scientific name.
Would you please help us to suggest the right scientific name?
It was collected in Vietnam, a tropical region in Southeast Asia.
Thank you very much.
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Dracaena angustifolia (Asparagaceae) seems correct identification.
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I have tested a compound ( having anticancer potential) on PBMC for 24 hour, is there any need to test for 48 hour in vitro ?
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Hi Yogesh!
The minimum incubation time for measurement of cytotoxicity is 24 h, but however you may get lover LC50 concentration by increasing the drug exposure time.
Further PBMC is not cancerous cell line, then how would you be able to determine anticancer potential on it? You may have to choose some cancer cell lines to study the said effect. Again you may test cytotoxicity of your drug on PBMC in order to determine harmful activity of your drug on normal healthy cell lines (PBMC).
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I need information about Origanum heracleoticum L.
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It was observed that the national branded company making aloe vera formulation for management of various ailment. In the same formulation Carrageenan is aided as adjuent. This formulation is frequently used by the patients with acidity, heart burn and ulcers. Let us discuss the impact of this formulation in these patients on chronic use. 
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I do not see how carrs would be a preservative. They are added as texturizers. In other words to either make a gel or modify the flow of the products.
But isn't aloe already a viscous product?
Regarding carrs safety . . . The battle is still going on. Industry claims carrs are safe to ingest and a bunch of others claim it is not.
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Phyllanthus niruri
Glycirrhiza glabra
Cyprus rotundus are established drugs in this field. What else can be reported?
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Use of phytogenic herbs additive in poultry 
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before you start using any herb, you need to analysis for the phytochemicals component of such plants which will give some ideas of what it's contains.
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Dear Experts i would like to do a poly herbal formulation with 5 herbs. how to rationalise the quantity to be taken for each herb. Any guidelines? or reference? pertaining to Ayurveda
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 There are many guiding references in many classical Ayurveda books. One has to consider the properties /actions of individual herb as described in Ayurveda texts in view of the condition for which the products are to be developed, again this is to be validate searching clinical trials, up date research, ethno-botanical uses etc. It is not easy to design a precise product as many aspects of herbs are to be examined and verified, above is a general view.
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I think on glyphosate, which is used in different formulations of salts.
There are mostly this glyphosate salts used:
isopropylamine salt (IPA)
diammonium salt
dimethylammonium salt
ethanolamine salt
monoammonium salt
potassium salt
sesquisodium (or sodium) salt
trimethylsulfonium salt (glyphosatetrimesium)
For the bio assey tests it seem there will be only the pure acid form of glyphosate proved. It has a far lower reactivity and effiency to kill plants. The above mentioned salts are used for herbicides as the have far stronger herbizide effieniency.
Are therfore the bioassey tests which use only the glyphosate acid form in official the registration, producing bias and erroneous illusive results for toxicological tests?
Do you think that the glyphosate LD50 values could be therefore a fraudulent misrepresentation and trickery in the registration of pesticides?
Best thanks for your ideas! Johann HUMER, Austria
 
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In some cases, you are testing ion pairs and this form can help the bioaccessibility of active pinciple. This is true. We have also to cosider solubility and ionization. We need to control which kind of salts has been used for the ecotox tests used in risk asssessment. There is also the problem of formulates, which is one of the reason of the differences in carcinogenicity evaluation between IARC and ECHA
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I am Associate Professor in P.G.Dept. of Applied Genetics, Karnatak University, Dharwad-Karnataka. I am interested in plants with anti cancerous properties. How should I proceed with the screening of plants with anticancerous properties?
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I think about mixing with Aloe-Vera extract with Hair-Bleach. And I focus more Anthraquinones in Aloe Vera active ingredient, because Anthraquinones have phenolic compounds which has antioxidant function. But I wonder is this Aloe-Vera extract is still stable when mixing with Alkalic Hair bleach. And I plan that Spray- dryer process after mixing Aloe-vera extract with Hair bleach. Is Phenolic compounds in aloe vera stable when this is under spray-dryer process?
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As you know antraquinones usually have OH group, may be these OH have a reaction with alkaline médium. You have try iir and check What happen.
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Hello
  As per a resource person he stated that nigillin a bioactive compound of nigella sativa toxic in some doses I need the clear information regarding role bioactive compounds of nigella sativa and cyminum cuminum. Because I' m doing research by comparing these two seeds  against hepatorenal toxicity 
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Please see following link on my chapter 
Chapter Nigella
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I currently work for a licensed cannabis facility in San Diego.  We do not yet have a full lab set up so I am limited to experiments that can take place.  Looking to investigate sugar, chlorophyll, cannabinoid and terpene changes throughout cure.  So little is known right now.  Please send me a message if you are interested. Thanks!
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Hi Allison, I have information about Etnnobotany of canabis in Mexico. Are you interested?
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which one of ORNAMENTAL flower use as drug in modern medicine? have industrial medicinally product?
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Most common ornamental garden flowers & psycho-physical healing properties of them are as follows:
Calendula (C. officinalis)
---- can be taken internally to promote blood circulation, treat surface diseases such as colds and fevers as well as relieve menstrual cramps. Externally it can be made into an oil or salve for burns and injuries.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
---- The berries are poisonous, however, the blossoms have antiviral and antibiotic properties, effective for all inflammatory conditions, sore throat, arthritis, for which the stems and leaves are also used. Dose is 15 to 30 grams daily.
Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)
--- the root is a antispasmodic, blood tonic and circulatory stimulant, treats gynecological diseases.
Gardenia fruits (Gardenia jasminoides)
--- in certain climates the flowers will evolve to a fruiting stage and are used to promote blood circulation, open the liver and detoxify the blood.
Rose (Rosa species)
--- the petals are cooling, blood circulating and anti-depressive.
St Johnswort (Hypericum perfoliatum)
--- is used to treat depression and nerve pains.
Morning Glory (Ipomea jalapa)
--- the root is a powerful cathartic.
Yellow Jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens)
--- Also known as gelsemium, the aerial portion must be prescribed in regulated dosage to quiet and calm the nerves.
Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)
--- induces sleep, calms the nerves.
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
--- used as a diuretic for urinary tract infections
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum linaria)
--- nervine
Violet (Viola odorata)
--- cooling, fevers, demulcent, anticancer, made into an expectorant syrup for lung and bronchial irritation.
Blue flag (Iris versicolor)
--- cholagogue, cathartic, emetic, alterative, diuretic.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
--- Evening primrose oil is used as an anti-inflammatory.
Rosy Periwinkle (Vinca rosea)
--- used as a treat for cancer, especially leukemia and Hodgkin's disease, the flowers are calming nervine.
Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
--- the stems are brewed into a tea and taken for the treatment arthritic and rheumatic complaints.
Aster (Aster tartaricus)
--- Warming expectorant, relieves cough, expels phlegm.
Tiger lily (Lilium tigrinum)
--- the bulbs are demulcent, used to calm the mind and treat insomnia.
Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus)
--- used like carnation.
Pansy (Viola tricolor)
--- Pectoral, mucilage, antitumor, aperient, nervine.
Larkspur (Delphinium species)
--- internally it is poisonous, externally it is used as an oil for parasites such as lice.
Bellis perennis
--- A type of low growing daisy that is commonly in lawns and pastures. The flower heads are rich in saponins. It is an expectorant and detoxifying remedy for all liver complaints. It is also useful for boils.
Begonia (B. fimbristipulata)
--- The aerial portions are used as an alterative, to clear heat, eliminate toxins, promote blood circulation, treat coughing of blood, and externally applied for trauma, burns, pain and toxic sores.
Scabiosa (Knautia arvensis)
--- It is rich in tannins and it contains a bitter compound. It has been used for centuries for dermatitis.
Cyclamen
Viburnum (V. Opulus)
--- The berries are poisonous. The bark is used as a uterine sedative for painful menstruation and to prevent miscarriage.
* Lotus
Water Lily
Aconite
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
--- Used as a bitter tonic, diaphoretic, carminative and antispasmodic. It can be used for a wide range of conditions including externally for hemorrhage, menstrual cramps, colds, fevers and for anorexia and dyspepsia.
Saffron
Nigella (N. sativa)
--- contains a saponoside, melanthine, a bitter compound, nigelline