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Medical Technology - Science topic

Medical Technology encompasses a wide range of healthcare products and is used to diagnose, monitor or treat diseases or medical conditions affecting humans.
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Publications related to Medical Technology (10,000)
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Article
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In recent years, extracellular vesicles (EVs)¹ have attracted attention as a new therapeutic tool. In Europe, the United States, and Asia, there is an accelerating trend of moving beyond basic research on clinical trials. However, treatment using EVs is still in the research and development stage, and the general public has insufficient awareness a...
Article
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Background Cardiac tamponade occurs when fluid or blood, fills the pericardial space, and causes hemodynamic compromise due to compression of the heart. It is a potentially life-threatening condition, that requires rapid recognition and immediate treatment. Formerly, blind or surgical techniques were used, and it is associated with complications. M...
Article
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Purpose Magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided radiation therapy with the 1.5 Tesla magnetic resonance linear accelerator (MR-Linac) is a rapidly evolving and emerging treatment. The MR-Linac literature mainly focused on clinical and technological factors in technology implementation, but it is relatively silent on health care system-related factors...
Research
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Fast and safe early-stage, pre-and intra-operative diagnostics can significantly contribute to successful cancer identification and treatment. Artificial intelligence has played an increasing role in the enhancement of cancer diagnostics techniques in the last 15 years. This review covers the...
Article
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Background During education it is essential for nursing students to develop professionalism in nursing. Nurses are placed in situations based on trust, and it is crucial that their patients have confidence in them to provide professional and safe care. A key period in nursing students’ development of a professionalism occurs during training when st...
Article
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Brain–computer interfaces are an emerging field of medical technology that enable users to control external digital devices via brain activity. Steady-state evoked potential is a type of elec- troencephalogram signal that is widely used for brain–computer interface applications. Collecting electroencephalogram data is an effort-intensive task that...
Article
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Background: Developments in medical technology are resulting in continuous decreases in the cancer mortality rate of patients with gallbladder cancer, while non-cancer deaths in cancer patients are becoming more common. The main cause of this is cardiovascular mortality (CVM). The purpose of this study was to determine the CVM risk in patients wit...
Article
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Having an extra copy of the 21st chromosome at birth classifies a person as having Down syndrome. These infants are often underweight and have abnormal facial characteristics. Due to heart, hearing, or visual difficulties, they may also need medical treatment, such as surgery (Bull, 2020). Some degree of intellectual disability is joint among peopl...
Article
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Ultrasound (US) medical technology is widely used due to its advantages of safety, speed, and low cost. With the rapid development of biomedical nanotechnology, micro/nanobubbles, as US contrast agents, are not only valuable in US imaging diagnosis but also show broad application prospects in drug delivery. Nanobubbles (NBs) have more advantages as...
Chapter
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In Pakistan, the public health system has seen major changes over the past 50 years regarding social and economic aspects. Since the 1990s, the provincial governments had made their different health care reforms which were undertaken to increase equity, geographic coverage, and effectiveness. However, in the past, positive results were achieved, ye...
Article
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To explore the clinical efficacy of microneedle injection combined with blood transfusion in the treatment of severe anemia complicated with vitiligo based on regenerative medical technology and provide the theoretical basis for the adoption of microneedle technology, 60 patients with severe anemia complicated with vitiligo were selected as researc...
Article
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Rare earth elements (REEs) or lanthanides are often found together in nature, and they are used in multiple anthropogenic activities from green energy and medical technologies to telecommunications and defense systems. However, the current understanding on the concentration and behavior of REEs in oceans and marine organisms is limited, and no regu...
Article
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Background Salvage of recurrent previously irradiated brain metastases (rBrM) is a significant challenge. Resection without adjuvant re-irradiation is associated with a high local failure rate, while reirradiation only partially reduces failure but is associated with greater radiation necrosis risk. Salvage resection plus Cs131 brachytherapy may of...
Article
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Background: Prematurity is still the leading cause of global neonatal mortality, Rwanda included, even though advanced medical technology has improved survival. Initial hospitalization of premature babies (PBs) is associated with high costs which have an impact on Rwanda's health budget. In Rwanda, these costs are not known, while knowing them wou...
Article
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Managing cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COVID-19 remains a global challenge due to the facets of this virus. The technologies used in the rehabilitation of post-COVID-19 patients fail to keep pace with the global epidemiological developments. The purpose of this article is to review the medical technologies used in post-COVID-19 ca...
Article
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Physicians interact and exchange information through various social networks. Understanding peer effects through different networks can help accelerate new medical technology and innovative treatment adoption. In this research, we measure the influence of strong-tie and weak-tie connections on new drug adoption and study the overlap between advice-...
Article
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With the popularization of intravenous thrombolysis, more and more people use intravenous thrombolysis to treat related diseases, but problems also arise. There are still a considerable number of patients with early disease after thrombolytic therapy not only not significantly improving, but also progressing, that is, early neurological deteriorati...
Article
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Hospital-based health technology assessment (HB-HTA) is a scientific approach to inform decisions on investments in health technologies across multiple medical specialties at a hospital level. HB-HTA is not currently practiced in Poland. This study aimed to assess the need for HTA in Polish hospitals, including perceived benefits and challenges of...
Article
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Maternal and child health (MCH) in Singapore is entering a new phase, with challenges different to those faced 50 years ago. The advancement of medical technologies and access to MCH resources have led to a dramatic fall in maternal and infant mortality rates. However, there has been a steep rise in the rates of obesity and related metabolic diseas...
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In this original article, we aimed to assess the ameliorative role of Cyanus depressus (CD) plant ethanolic extract treatment of streptozotocin (STZ)‐induced liver, kidney, and pancreas damage in rats. The rats were divided into five groups (n = 7): control, CD, Diabetes mellitus (DM), DM + CD, and DM + glibenclamide (Gly). The DM groups were injec...
Article
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The need for fast, inexpensive, and robust medical technology is now more crucial than ever [...]
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic offers a unique context and opportunity to investigate changes in healthcare professional perceptions towards the adoption of novel medical technologies, such as point-of-care technologies (POCTs). POCTs are a nascent technology that has experienced rapid growth as a result of COVID-19 due to their ability to increase healthca...
Poster
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With the development of medical technology, people are pursuing not only a longer life, but also a healthy life. Healthy life expectancy (HLE) comprehensively considers the length and quality of life, and gradually becomes an important indicator to reflect the health level of a population. This review made a general evaluation of the influencing fa...
Article
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A higher incidence of female infertility has been reported with an unexpectedly early appearance in recent years. The female infertility treatment and application of assisted reproductive technology have recently gained immense interest from scientists. Many studies have discussed the beneficial effects of acupuncture on female infertility. With ad...
Article
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Parasitic diseases continue to exist in many developing countries. In most cases, medical laboratory technologists (MLTs) detect parasitosis, which is then diagnosed and treated by medical doctors. However, parasitological education in medical schools has been declining, particularly in developed countries, leading to a decline in diagnostic abilit...
Article
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Aim To determine if smart alarm‐guided treatment of respiratory depression using the Integrated Pulmonary Index is an effective way to implement capnography during nurse‐administered sedation. Design Parallel cluster‐randomized trial. Methods Nurses will be randomized to use capnography with or without the Integrated Pulmonary Index enabled. Capn...
Article
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Glycogen storage disease (GSD) is a rare disease that can cause life-threatening problems owing to metabolic errors in storing or using glycogen. The disease course of GSD remains unknown, despite medical technology advances. We determined the prevalence and complications of GSD using data from the National Health Insurance Service database. Data w...
Article
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Medical technologies present a huge potential in improving global health playing a key role toward achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3 by 2030. A number of clinicians, innovators, business entities and biomedical engineers among others have developed a number of innovative medical devices and technologies to address the healthcare challenges e...
Preprint
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Development and improvement in medical technology have helped to make people healthier. But there are still some deficiencies due to the imbalance distribution of medical resources, especially in developing countries. In this paper, we focus on how to improve medical technology using a 5G network. 5G network makes many things possible like transmit...
Article
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Background Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to reshape medical practice and the delivery of healthcare. Online discussions surrounding AI's utility in these domains are increasingly emerging, likely due to considerable interest from healthcare practitioners, medical technology developers, and other relevant stakeholders. However, many...
Article
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Health technology is advancing at a rapid clip, with many of these technologies appearing on consumer products like smartphones and tablets. Federal regulators have responded to these changes with a flexible approach that allows firms to manufacture a ‘general wellness product’ (‘GWP’) without being subject to regulation typically applied to ‘devic...
Article
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In this paper, we present ARMIA: a sensorized arm wearable that includes a combination of inertial and sEMG sensors to interact with serious games in telerehabilitation setups. This device reduces the cost of robotic assistance technologies to be affordable for end-users at home and at rehabilitation centers. Hardware and acquisition software speci...
Article
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Background: COVID19 vaccine rejection is a global issue that most developing countries face. A study of COVID-19 vaccine preference among Al-Zahraa University female students will pave the way to resolving the issue of vaccine rejection among students. Vaccine hesitation refers to a delay in accepting or refusing immunization despite the fact that...
Article
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Real‐world data are considered a potentially valuable source of evidence for assessing medical technologies in clinical practice, but their widespread use is hampered by numerous challenges. Using the case of coronary stents in Italy, we investigate the potential of administrative databases for estimating costs and health outcomes associated with t...
Article
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Medical technology that blocks the fallopian tubes nonsurgically could increase access to permanent contraception and address current unmet needs in family planning. To achieve total occlusion of the fallopian tube via scar tissue formation, acute trauma to the tubal epithelium must first occur followed by a sustained and ultimately fibrotic inflam...
Article
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Over the long course of evolution, in order to cope with the threat of pathogens, both animals and humans have evolved complex disease defense mechanisms, one of which is known as the behavioral immune system. The behavioral immune system is a complex suite of cognitive, affective, and behavioral mechanisms that ultimately help prevent pathogen tra...
Article
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In this publication, the potentials of additive manufacturing in the field of sustainability and individualization for aviation and medical technology are presented. Design approaches for each application field as well as examples in the fields are shown. In the field of aviation, structures can be manufactured so that they are load path optimized....
Conference Paper
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Traditional marketing approach are not always accessible or suitable for entrepreneurs and SMEs. Because entrepreneurs and SMEs should use an entrepreneurial approach in this insecure environment while seeking new opportunities with limited resources. Thus, one of the emerging approaches is entrepreneurial marketing. Entrepreneurial marketing is ma...
Article
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In the modern days and the era of the rapid development of medical technology, the introduction of innovative invasive methods of treatment is gradually displacing traditional conventional surgery. In 2002 was performed the fi rst transcatheter implantation of an aortic valve. Over the next twenty years, with the advancement of technology and the a...
Article
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With the continuous improvement of medical technology and the aging of the population, the death rate of stroke is gradually decreasing, but the recurrence rate is still high, and the number of recurrences is increasing, resulting in disability and other symptoms, which brings great burden and distress to patients and their families. As the number...
Article
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This article explored the dynamic nexus among economic growth, industrialization, medical technology, and healthcare expenditure in West Africa while using urbanization and aged population as control variables. West African countries were sub-sectioned into low-income (LI) and lower-middle-income (LMI) countries. Panel data extracted from the World...
Article
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Peptic ulcer (PU) is a common and frequently occurring disease. Although PU seriously threatens the lives and health of global residents, the applications of artificial intelligence (AI) have strongly promoted diversification and modernization in the diagnosis and treatment of PU. This minireview elaborates on the research progress of AI in the fie...
Article
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Technological advancements in smartphones have made it possible to create high-quality medical photographs, with the potential to revolutionise patient care. To ensure the security of the patient’s data, it is important that medical professionals receive informed consent from the patient, that physical conditions are met to take a photograph, and t...
Article
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Increased human life expectancy, due in part to improvements in infant and childhood survival, more active lifestyles, in combination with higher patient expectations for better health outcomes, is leading to an extensive change in the number, type and manner in which health conditions are treated. Over the next decades as the global population rap...
Article
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In this study, three-dimensional (3D) spatial data, two-dimensional (2D) texture information, and automatic marking processes were used for the detection and classification of car parts. The automatic marking processes involved automatic car part segmentation and classification, car part detection and classification on the basis of images of 2D tex...
Article
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Background: The 4th Industrial Revolution with the advent of the smart era, in which artificial intelligence, such as big data analysis and machine learning, is expected, and the provision of healthcare services using smartphones has become a reality. In particular, high-risk mothers who experience gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, a...
Article
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Background Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) have been widely used due to their multipotency, a broad range of sources, painless collection, and compliance with standard amplification. Cell sheet technology is a tissue engineering methodology requiring scaffolds free, and it provides an effective method for cell transplantation...
Preprint
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Many types of ventricular and atrial cardiac arrhythmias have been discovered in clinical practice in the past 100 years, and these arrhythmias are a major contributor to sudden cardiac death. Ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation are the most commonly-occurring and dangerous arrhythmias, therefore ea...
Article
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Medical technological advancements have led to the creation of various large datasets with numerous attributes. The presence of redundant and irrelevant features in datasets negatively influences algorithms and leads to decreases in the performance of the algorithms. Using effective features in data mining and analyzing tasks such as classification...
Article
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The incidence of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is steadily increasing worldwide. Therefore, it is crucial to develop efficient rehabilitation protocols and investigate the innovations in medical technology, which could improve rehabilitation outcomes. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of adding electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF...
Article
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In this article, I will argue in favor of both the ethical and epistemological utility of explanations in artificial intelligence (AI)-based medical technology. I will build on the notion of “explicability” due to Floridi, which considers both the intelligibility and accountability of AI systems to be important for truly delivering AI-powered servi...
Article
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Technology is perceived as a key factor driving the increase in per capita healthcare expenditure. We assess this effect between 1981 and 2019 for a panel of OECD member countries using a panel error correction model, which was estimated using the dynamic common correlated effect approach of Chudik and Pesaran (J Econom 188(2):393–420, 2015). 10.10...
Article
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This article explores the relationship between medicine’s history and its digital present through the lens of the physician-patient relationship. Today the rhetoric surrounding the introduction of new technologies into medicine tends to emphasize that technologies are disturbing relationships, and that the doctor-patient bond reflects a more ‘human...
Article
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When conducting combined therapy of malignant neoplasms, treatment methods with various mechanisms of antitumor effects are used, while an additive or even synergistic effect can be realized. Combination treatment regimens are aimed at increasing the efficiency and, above all, at the complete eradication of the tumor, which can be achieved either b...
Article
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The rapid development of medical technology and widespread application of immunosuppressive drugs have improved the success rate of organ transplantation significantly. However, the use of immunosuppressive agents increases the frequency of malignancy greatly. With the prospect of “precision medicine” for tumors and development of next-generation s...
Article
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Assistive reproductive technologies are increasingly used to control the biology of fertility and its temporality. Combining historical, theoretical, and socio-empirical insights, this paper aims at expanding our understanding of the way temporality emerges and is negotiated in the contemporary practice of cryopreservation of reproductive materials...
Thesis
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Nineteenth-century medicine is characterised by rapid technological change, new methods of diagnostics and treatments of disease, far-reaching developments in medical science, and professionalisation. This has led to great interest in the period and a large body of scholarly and popular research. However, much of this scholarship studies British, G...
Article
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The immune system has evolved since the birth of humans. However, immune-related diseases have not yet been overcome due to the lack of expected indicators and targeting specificity of current medical technology, subjecting patients to very uncomfortable physical and mental experiences and high medical costs. Therefore, the requirements for treatme...
Article
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The introduction of new technologies in medical treatment has led to innovation in medical devices that are highly technical in their application and operation. The medical technology landscape is changeable and healthcare providers often turn to the medical device representatives (MDRs), employed by device manufacturers to help navigate the shifts...
Article
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In the drive toward faster patient access to treatments, health technology assessment (HTA) agencies and payers are increasingly faced with reliance on evidence based on surrogate endpoints, increasing decision uncertainty. Despite the development of a small number of evaluation frameworks, there remains no consensus on the detailed methodology for...
Article
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(1) Background: A novel bioreactor platform of neuronal cell cultures using low-magnitude, low-frequency (LMLF) vibrational stimulation was designed to discover vibration influence and mimic the dynamic environment of the in vivo state. To better understand the impact of 40 Hz and 100 Hz vibration on cell differentiation, we join biotechnology and...