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Achieving high levels of integration in the basic medical sciences’ curricula is challenging. Project-based learning (PtBL) is an inquiry-based learning approach that can be used in multiple educational contexts with various designs. We used PtBL to enhance curricular integration during the pre-clerkship years. The study was done at The Faculty of...
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Background: To compare the clinical features of two time cohorts of patients: "pre-COVID-19" and "COVID-19"-admitted as emergency with intracranial otogenic complications, with special regard to sigmoid sinus thrombosis (CVST). Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients documentation concerning urgent procedures of intracranial otogenic complic...
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Background Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are inherited glycogen metabolic disorders which have various subtypes. GSDs of type I, III, IV, VI, and IX show liver involvement and are considered as hepatic types of GSDs. Thus, liver transplantation (LT) has been proposed as a final therapy for these types of GSD. LT corrects the primary hepatic enzy...
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Objectives Using the Kirkpatrick evaluation model, investigate the effect of the e-flipped learning approach on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceived behaviour of medical educators. Results This interventional study was conducted on 140 eligible medical educators at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) from 2019 to 2021. A researcher-mad...
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Introduction: Translation of research findings into the language of the audience and stakeholders is one of the most important parts of knowledge research. Knowledge transfer, indeed, is the method to use theoretical knowledge produced by universities to improve training processes and decisions based on observation. This study examines the status o...
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This an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. SLJID • www. Abstract Background and aims: We present a study on the earliest cohort of patients infected with the SA...
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Background The enterovirus 71 (EV71) vaccine produced by Wuhan Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd. (WIBP) (B-EV71) has been given to children aged 6-35 months, and it has shown good safety, immunogenicity and efficacy. However, the administration of EV71 vaccine in children aged 36-71 months, which is another target population, needs further...
Chapter
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Zusammenfassung Um eine Vision für die alternde Gesellschaft des 21. Jahrhunderts entwickeln zu können, braucht es zunächst eine Prognose über die Veränderungen der beiden wohl wichtigsten Faktoren in den kommenden 20 Jahren, nämlich „Altersstruktur der Bevölkerung“ und „Technologische Innovation“. Die Corona-Pandemie hat seit ihrem Ausbruch im Nov...
Preprint
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This is a case of failure of sterilisation (tubectomy) in the 1990s, conducted in Civil Hospital, Payal, District Ludhiana, a government hospital. The brief facts are that one Mrs. Baljinder Kaur, the patient, the petitioner no. 2 herein, wife of one Mr. Manjit Singh, the P.No.1 herein, underwent tubectomy procedures on 23.09.1994 and 27.02.1998. T...
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This article investigates ethical challenges cancer patients face in the end stages of life including doctors' responsibilities, patients' rights, unexpected desires of patients and their relatives, futile treatments, and communication with patients in end stages of life. These patients are taken care of through palliative rather than curative meas...
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Background: Snakebites are a very serious issue that affects people all around the world. The world health organization (WHO) has recently classified snake bites as one of the neglected tropical diseases.Methods: It was an observational, prospective and cross-sectional study conducted at the department of general medicine, (Rajendra institute of me...
Article
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Background: Hyponatremia occurs in up to 30% of patients with pneumonia and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of hyponatremia associated with coronavirus disease 2019 and the impact on outcome is unknown. We aimed to identify the prevalence, and outcome of patients having hyponatremia admitted with COVID-19. Metho...
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In this short paper, we argue that there is a fundamental connection between the medical sciences and evolutionary biology as both are sciences of biological variation. Medicine studies pathological variation among humans (and domestic animals in veterinary medicine) and evolutionary biology studies variation within and among species in general. A...
Book
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« De la discussion jaillit la lumière », cette expression s’adapte on ne peut mieux aux sciences médicales, particulièrement à l’oncologie où la prise en charge des patients requiert l’intervention et le consensus de nombreux acteurs : cliniciens, biologistes, radiologues, chirurgiens, oncologues, etc…, mais encore plus pour le management des patho...
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Background: Developing asymmetries are uncommon mammographic findings with a chance of being associated with malignancy. Objectives: The current study aimed at correlating ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and histopathology of patients with developing focal asymmetry in opportunist screening mammograms setting, and presents a...
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Background: There is a high risk of developing fungal co-infections in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, few studies have been conducted on the incidence and risk of these secondary infections. The incidence of Candida infection due to different Candida species is increasing in COVID patient...
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Zusammenfassung. Digitale Phänotypisierung stellt einen neuen, leistungsstarken Ansatz zur Realisierung psychodiagnostischer Aufgaben in vielen Bereichen der Psychologie und Medizin dar. Die Grundidee besteht aus der Nutzung digitaler Spuren aus dem Alltag, um deren Vorhersagekraft für verschiedenste Anwendungsmöglichkeiten zu überprüfen und zu nut...
Article
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Dass körperliche Bewegung gut ist für Körper und Geist, ist längst bewiesen. Nun haben Forscher ein Sportprogramm bei stationär behandelten Psychiatrie-Patienten evaluiert-mit erfreulichen Ergebnissen. Laut dem Volksmund ist Sport die beste Medizin. Einen Beleg für diese alte Weisheit liefern mittlerweile die Ergebnisse etlicher Studien. Wie sie ze...
Article
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Medical science is currently at an early stage for effectively controlling skin damage. One of the main barriers to good wound healing is bacterial infection, which poses a risk of long-term harmful effects. A clean wound, free of bacterial infections, is essential for the quick and effective regeneration of the skin. Hydrogel is one of the best bi...
Poster
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Bislang ist nur wenig zum Thema DSD/Intersexualität und Schwangerschaft bekannt, während die Behandlungsgeschichten von Menschen mit einer Variante der Geschlechtsentwicklung (Intersexualität/DSD) in Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit intensiv diskutiert werden. Ziel dieser Studie ist es, im Rahmen eines Systematic Reviews einen Überblick über den akt...
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Background: Medication errors (MEs) threaten patient safety and can lead to patient death. Some studies have shown the relationship between spirituality and professional commitment, but no study has been conducted on the relationship between nurses' professional commitment, spiritual well-being, and MEs. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the...
Article
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Background. Treating oral mucosal lesions of Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) disease is usually challenging for clinicians. We studied the treatment outcomes of the oral PV patients referred to the Oral Medicine Department of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from 2004 to 2018. Methods. The medical records of 54 oral PV patients with histopathological...
Poster
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Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep breathing disorder. Although polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard diagnostic method for OSA, it is an expensive method, not reimbursed in many developing countries. Moreover, the increased number of patients suspected of OSA highlights the importance of screening tools for OSA. In...
Article
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Over the past ten years, seven Dutch Universities have built a sustainable exchange with seven institutes in Cuban healthcare. The exchange was initiated by the Leiden University Medical Centre and the University of Medical Sciences of Havana. Cooperation with Cuba was chosen as Cuba has excellent primary healthcare and has a strong focus on preven...
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This article examines Kant's overlooked concept of "active play," as opposed to "free play," in connection with the influence of the Brunonian system of medicine, both of which, I propose, are central to understanding the broader significance of intoxication in Kant's post-1795 work. Beginning with a discussion of the late-18th century German recep...
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IntroductionIt is clear that medical science has advanced much in the past few decades with the development of vaccines and this is even true for the novel coronavirus outbreak. By late 2020, COVID-19 vaccines were starting to be approved by national and global regulators, and across 2021, there was a global rollout of several vaccines. Despite rol...
Preprint
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Background Performance of the F-test critically depends on the distributional assumptions and the choice of the robustness measures. The robustness of F-test to non-normality has been studied and validated in literature however, the assumption of homogeneity has not been given the due attention in literature. Regarding robustness measures, F-test i...
Article
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The Goldilocks principle has been widely used in the medical science and psychology fields. However, there appear to be many areas where this principle can be explored in social science research. The main objective of this study is to rationalize the need for the Goldilocks principle by observing the effect of fatigue and stress on human error in m...
Article
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Einzelne Fachsprachen bzw. die ausgewählten Fachtexte werden gewöhnlich als Korpora verwendet, zum Zweck der Bearbeitung von verschiedenen linguistischen Themen. Oft werden auch Lehrwerke und kleinere Fachwörterbücher gebraucht, die sich besonders für Übersetzungszwecke eignen, wie z.B. Deutsch für Juristen, Geschäftsdeutsch, Deutsch für Ingenieure...
Preprint
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Objectives The main objective of the study is to find the frequency of risk factors of coronary heart diseases in patients with acute coronary syndrome and its comparison in male and female. Material and methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in Services Institute of medical sciences during June 2021 to June 2022. The data was collected...
Book
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Lydia Rabinowitsch-Kempner (1871–1935) war keine Ärztin und zählte dennoch zu den führenden Wissenschaftlerinnen in der Medizin ihrer Zeit. Nach einem Studium in der Schweiz arbeitete die junge Bakteriologin bei Robert Koch am Institut für Infektionskrankheiten in Berlin und lehrte am Woman’s Medical College in Pennsylvania. Ihr Hauptaugenmerk lag...
Article
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Background Achieving equity in the distribution of health services is one major goal in the health system. This study aimed to determine equality in distributing health human resources (physicians) in the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences before and after the Health Transformation Plan (HTP) based on the Hirschman-Herfindahl index (HHI). Metho...
Article
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Introducción: La investigación en las ciencias médicas cubanas constituye una de las funciones principales del personal de la salud, que incentiva la formación de habilidades investigativas desde el pregrado. Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados a la publicación en revistas científicas por miembros de grupos científicos estudiantiles en univ...
Article
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In this paper, a new Poisson area-biased Ailamujia distribution has been formulated to analyse count data. It was created by combining two distributions: the Poisson and area-biased Ailamujia distributions, using the compounding technique. Several distributional properties of the formulated distribution were studied. Its ageing characteristics were...
Article
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by progressive loss of kidney function over time. It describes a clinical entity that causes kidney damage and affects the general health of the human body. Improper diagnosis and treatment of the disease can eventually lead to end-stage renal disease and ultimately lead to the patient’s dea...
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The model of any epidemic illness is evolved from the current susceptibility. We aim to construct a model, based on the literature, different to the conventional examinations in epidemiology, i.e., what will occur depends on the susceptible cases, which is not always the case; one must consider a model with aspects such as infections, recoveries, d...
Article
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Background Malnutrition is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study is conducted to find out the prevalence of malnutrition and its association with inflammation in patients with CKD stages 3–5. Method This is a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted at the Sri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Science, Uttar Prades...
Poster
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Im Rahmen des Forschungsprojektes DIKOMED-BW (Digitale Kompetenz für Gesundheits- berufe in Medizin & Pflege/EU React) wird ein Kompetenzentwicklungs-programm für Multiplikatoren*innen der Pflegeprofession und Gesundheitssozialarbeit entwickelt, um Active-Assisted-Living-Technologien nachhaltig in der ambulanten und stationären Gesundheitsversorgun...
Article
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Agni is a responsible factor for digestion, transformation, and metabolism in the body. The term 'dhatvagni' means the fraction of agni that functions at various body components (dhatu) for nourishment and metabolism. It is responsible for the metabolic transformation of food consumed and its assimilation. Agni is the supreme physiological authorit...
Article
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Background Pregnancy is associated with substantial stressful experiences. There are controversies concerning the positive and negative roles of social support during pregnancy. This research aimed to study the association of social support with the pregnancy-related stress. Methods In the current cross-sectional research, 200 pregnant women were...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Das Urteil des Bundesverfassungsgerichts zur Suizidassistenz hat zu lebhaften Debatten in der Medizin, im Deutschen Bundestag und in der Zivilgesellschaft geführt. Zentrale Bedeutung für ein Schutzkonzept, das die Risiken einer unkontrollierten Suizidbeihilfe minimieren soll, besitzt in der Konzeption des BVerfG die Feststellung der...
Article
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RESUMEN Introducción: en los últimos años se ha vivido con el virus, COVID-19 o SARS-CoV-2. Los efectos adversos del uso del equipo de protección personal contra el virus derivan en problemas de salud que pueden afectar de manera aguda o crónica. Objetivo: identificar los efectos adversos de las medidas de protección contra COVID-19 en estudiantes...
Article
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Introduction: Gait, balance and cognitive impairment make travel cumbersome for People with Parkinson’s disease (PwPD). About 75% of PwPD cared for at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences’ Movement Disorders Clinic reside in medically underserved areas (MUAs). Validated remote evaluations could help improve their access to care. Our goal...
Article
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Background & Aims: Corruption is an issue that has hit organizations in all ages and is one of the most pressing societal problems that slowly enthralled society, and disrupts the social fabric and perpetuates injustice and dissatisfaction with organizations, which will reduce the effectiveness of the organization's goals. The purpose of this study...
Article
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Background: High blood pressure, medically known as hypertension is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and premature death globally. The aim of the present study was to explore possible interactions amongst systolic blood pressure`s (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure`s (DBP) risk factors in South Africa. Methods:A retrospectiv...
Article
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Introducción. Muchas de las investigaciones desarrolladas por estudiantes y presentadas en eventos científicos no se publican en revistas científicas. Objetivo. Caracterizar los trabajos presentados en las ediciones 2016 y 2018 del Evento Científico Estudiantil Nacional de Medicina Interna (MEDINTÁVILA) y los publicados en revistas científicas, así...
Article
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Background: The Jigsaw technique is a modern method that enables the creation of a positive learning environment.In this study, we aim to determine the impact of Jigsaw technique on students’ knowledge level regarding arterial blood pressure and their arterial blood pressure performance skill level. Material and Methods: A quasi-experimental design...
Article
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not available Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21 No. 04 October’22 Page : 667-675
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Objective: To determine the frequency of diabetic patients having Odontogenic Maxillofacial space infections in local population. Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out from 1-3-2020 to August 2020 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, to assess the frequency and ass...
Article
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Background: The adequacy and efficiency of an educational system in the academic settings depend on the teachers’ philosophical mindedness and the ruling approach of educational philosophy. Therefore, the lack of knowledge about the philosophical foundations of education can adversely affect the educational system. The current study investigates th...
Article
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not available Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21 No. 04 October’22 Page : 939-942
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Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is the most common tumour of the ovary and includes at least two well-differentiated germ cell layers. The incidence is higher in reproductive age group and rarely among postmenopausal age women. It is benign condition however associated with multiple complication such as torsion, ruptured and chemical peritonitis. As i...
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Objectives: The study aimed to establish the effectiveness of Unani add-on regimen by comparing theduration required for change in disease status from COVID-19 positive asymptomatic / mildto moderate symptomatic patients to asymptomatic negative. Methods: This single-centric, randomized, twin arm, controlled, clinical trial was carried out on a tot...
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Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and practice of medical students. Materials and Methods: This study was performed on the fifth-year medical students attending an elective oral health course at the Faculty of Dentistry of Tehran University (intervention g...
Article
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Objectives: The symptoms of COVID-19 resemble those of a variety of mild to severe clinical conditions. Having epidemiological knowledge of the clinical symptoms of COVID‑19 and associated factors may help health workers to diagnose and manage the disease. Assessment of COVID-19’s clinical symptoms is therefore necessary to support health workers i...
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We present a case of a patient with Sweet Syndrome secondary to possible bacterial infection. The diagnosis of Sweet Syndrome was made based on his clinical and histopathological findings. Sweet syndrome is a rare inflammatory disorder characterised by tender erythematous skin lesions, often accompanied with fever, neutrophilia and leukocytosis. It...
Article
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Objective: For a long time, the Single-Station Personal Interview (SSPI) used for nursing PhD admissions has merely evaluated the candidates’ cognitive skills. A new evolution emerged in exams by the introduction of effective evaluation methods such as the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) and the emphasis on noncognitive skills. The aim of study was t...
Article
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Aim:This research aims to reveal the reflections of ethics education given to nursing students in undergraduate education on clinical practices. Method: A focus group interview from qualitative methods was held to obtain and interpret information regarding the reflections of ethics courses. Fifteenvolunteernursing students studyingatthe faculty of...
Article
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Introduction: The low-income country Afghanistan requires disease frequency information for infectious diseases as essential tool for prevention and management. We propose the use of internet searches for the collection of diarrhoea and fever frequency data to support doctors when treating diarrhoea and fever outbreaks. Methods: A computer with int...
Article
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Objective: At the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, educational establishments, including universities, were closed. Educators in high-income countries quickly shifted all education online, building on available infrastructures and approaches. However, there were concerns in developing countries regarding the necessary skills among students and facul...
Article
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Cerebral palsy is a neuro-development disorder, management of which requires awareness of risk factors and regular developmental assessments. Committed routine follow up is necessary for cerebral palsy patient along with parental adequate knowledge.Effective timely intervention with professional guidance along with medication could significantly im...
Article
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Objective: Soft Tissue Sarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumors with many subtypes. Clean margin wide resection is recommended for treatment.In this study, the location, histopathological features, clinical and demographic features, recurrence and prognosis of retroperitoneal sarcomas were investigated. Methods: The demographic, histopathological and i...
Article
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Objectives: To analyse the effect of exposure to different sounds of various frequencies on the blood pressure level of participants. Methods: Present study involved 160 medical students belonging to four ethnic races (Malay, Chinese, Malaysian Indians, Sri Lankans). Informed consent and the record of normal blood pressure was obtained before the s...
Article
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Background: The role of dedicated Trauma ICU (TICU) in Emergency Department is vital in the chain of trauma care to ensure rehabilitation and sustainable critical care for a better survival outcome. This study is conducted to find out demographic patterns and predictors that can affect the outcomes of trauma patients. Methods: A retrospective revie...
Preprint
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Background:Due to the importance and necessity of communication skills for clinical faculty members and the lack of assessment of this skill in faculty members of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, this study was carried out under the title of design, implementation, and evaluation of the communication skills course for clinical faculty members....