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Explore the latest questions and answers in Medical Science, and find Medical Science experts.
Questions related to Medical Science
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To all researchers who are interested in multi-centers collaborative research in the fields of neuropharmacology, Immunopharmacology, and pharmacoepidemiology.
We are looking for individual researchers or research teams all over the world who are interested in conducting collaborative research in the areas of neuropharmacology, immunopharmacology, and pharmacoepidemiology, as well as conducting systematic reviews in the fields. In our side, we have some facilities including three educational hospitals, one animal lab and one molecular and cellular research center.
Please let me know if you have any ideas or questions. You can reach me using this email address: motaghi100@gmail.com
Ehsan Motaghi
Department of Pharmacology and Physiology
School of Medicine
Kurdistan University of Medical Science
Iran
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Interesting, I will share with my colleague
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Hi.
I'm studying the gait characteristics of stroke patients.
I recently identified several studies that reported gait differences between ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.[1-2] I also divided stroke patients in our hospital into two groups based on the etiology and analyzed whether the gait difference exists, and I have statistically identified differences in some of our data.
So, my question is, is it common that gait characteristics differ depending on the etiology of stroke? Or is it an argument contrary to previous research results? If the latter is correct, can you give me some references?
Thank you.
[1] Gama, Gabriela Lopes, Coutinho de Lucena Larissa, Ana Carolina de Azevedo Lima Brasileiro, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza Silva, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Álvaro Cavalcanti Maciel, and Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist. "Post-stroke hemiparesis: Does chronicity, etiology, and lesion side are associated with gait pattern?" Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation 24 no.5 (2017): 388-393. doi:10.1080/10749357.2017.1304865.
[2] Adedoyin, Rufus, Adebimpe Obembe. "Differences in gait between hemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke survivors." Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 3 no.9 (2012): 556-561.
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IT depends on the area which is affected , as MCA VS ACA OR PCA stroke?
need to identify area or artery specific gait disturbances.
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Dear friends..
I am in the field of medical sciences, and I know that; for example, Pubmed is among the most reputable indices to search papers in the medical field.
I am asking you according to your specialization to give examples of the most reputable indices in the fields of:
Agriculture
Materials
Engineering
Environment
Space and astronomy
Geology
Thank you in advance..
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Space and astronomy: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu
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I am interested to published my one article in Scopus index journal in medical science without any cost. Need help/suggestions from expert person.
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Dear Hossain
You should follow the https://www.scopus.com/home.uri link and then find related journals to your topic and your preferred language. After finding the best journal go to instruction for authors (authors guidelines) and read the APC or Copyright rules.
If you send your title we can direct you to the best ones.
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Is it possible to use Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Biological and Medical Sciences to search databases for potential candidate drugs/genes to solve global problems without first performing animal studies?
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We hypothesize that future generations of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies specifically adapted for biological sciences will help enable the reintegration of biology.
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Dear community,
this seems to have been out there since 2018 in medical sciences, but I only stumbled over it recently:
T&F are offering extremely fast review and publication times for a higher fee, they pay reviewers for handing in reviews in time. How do you feel about this? Will this bias acceptance of papers and just be a new way to buy a publication? Or do you think this is the right incentive for reviewers and a way to recognize the importance of fast and constructive review?
I would be interested in your opinion.
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Daniela E. Winkler If time is of the essence in your publication strategy, our Accelerated Publication options can help you quickly have your research published in a high-quality, peer-reviewed journal. You may use Accelerated Publication to align your publication schedule with conferences, medication approvals, and drug launches.
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Heart Rate Variability is a well known and useful concept in Biomedical Engineering and Medical Sciences. Breath Rate is a lesser researched field and a newer measure Breath-Rate Variability is introduced recently to quantify meditation effect.
It is gaining attention of researchers as BRV has a number of novel applications. What could they be.
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Breath rate variability (BRV) as an alternate measure of meditation even over a short duration is proposed. The main objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that BRV is a simple measure that differentiates between meditators and nonmeditators.
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Call for Research Cooperation
Hello dear researcher
We are researchers from Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran (SUMS) and we would like to conduct a comprehensive study on the health implications associated with the COVID-19 disease pandemic through a questionnaire in collaboration with SUMS on a global scale. This study would help healthcare decision-makers to improve public health in societies.
Dear researcher, we will appreciate you if you cooperate as a co-author in this valuable study.
For more information, please email your full name, field of study, and affiliation. We look forward to receiving your response. Our email addresses are mentioned in the following.
Yours faithfully
Executors of the research project
Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
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Dear Dr.Hashemi
Heart-centered greetings
Let me first introduce myself to you: I'm Sadeq AL-Fayyadh, PhD. Chair of the Adult Health Nursing at the University of Baghdad, College of Nursing. I'm writing to you responding to your Call for Research Cooperation on Research Gate.
It is my honor & pleasure joining your research team. I did contacted you by announced e-mail too.
Thank you very much
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Reality may increasingly hurt – #Genomic #targetedtherapy
Changes between 2006 and 2020
-eligibility from 5.13% to 13.60% *only*
-response from 2.73% to 7.04% *only*
The authors use in their discussion different paraphrasing: “the percentage of eligibility for and response to genome-targeted drugs increased 54% and 28%, respectively
which from the objective point of view is correct, but this implies a major improvement, although the reality of inefficiency is different
Some may state *the house of cards collapse of the breakthrough* ?
Otherwise today's basics of biotechnological power politics in created hypes of landmarks, breakthroughs, which might be seen in the accordance of the Latin epic poem, The Aeneid by Virgil:
parcere subiectis, et debellare superbos’ (I believe it at any rate)
References
Article Haslam et al. (2021) Ann Oncol 2021, DOI 10.1016/j.annonc.2021.04.003
The Aenedid from Virgil Vergil (19 BC), Aeneis, Liber sextus, Vers 847-853.
#medicine #health #medicalsciences #breakthroughs #landmarks #hallmark #hype #criticalthinking
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Dear Pr Brücher,
Thank you for sharing with us these useful informations.
Best regards,
Pr Hambaba
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Hi
I am masoumeh akbari, Ph.D in surgical nursing, faculty member in Qom university of medical sciences in IRAN. Would you like we can Write joint articles and publish?
Assistant professor, PhD in Surgical Nursing
Spiritual Health Research Center,
Faculty of Paramedical
Qom University of Medical Sciences
Qom, Iran
Academic email: makbari@muq.ac.ir,
Tel: +989144481134
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Yes with my pleasure
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I am looking for a non-toxic and ineffective hydrogel that can be converted into fibers by electrospinning. I also need to know its solvent. Since I am going to use these fibers for medical purposes, it is very important that these fibers be made of biocompatible super absorbent.
Preferably, the flexural strength of the fibers should be low to minimize the amount of lint.
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Dear Colleagues,
I hope this finds you well.
This is Muhammad Hussam Alothman, a Syrian medical student interested in neuroscience and neurosurgery. I'm getting my MD degree in November 2019.
Despite the scarcity of researches and war settings in Syria, I worked hard during the last three years to enhance my CV as a future neurosurgeon and neuroscientist.
I'm currently a reviewer at the Journal of Medical Case Reports (JMCR). I've got the PHRP, CRT, and IPPCR course certificates online from the NIH. 
I'm also interested in medical neuroscience; especially the fields of neurobiology and neuro-oncology because my long-term goal is to take part in translational researches whereby I can integrate the basic medical sciences and the clinical practice of neurosurgery. 
I'm looking for a post-doctoral fellowship (or research associate) in the fields of neurosurgery or basic medical sciences in the USA. 
I'm looking to start my career with a high-rank institution and I think such opportunity will change my life and become the start point of my career as a future neuroscientist and neurosurgeon. 
I've connected more than 300 professors in the USA for such a position and no positive replies yet.
I've attached my CV and I'm looking enthusiastically for your reply. 
NB: Even if you don't have an opening please review my CV and give me your valuable feedback to strengthen my weak points.
Regards, 
Muhammad Hussam Alothman
University of Hama, Faculty of Medicine, Syria
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Dear Alothman,
First I congratulate you for your motivation of the research. The following important point must be in your mind. There are often times when added research would be required to make it easier for a study to go forward. Your research plans could include an analysis of the methods of study that could work in the future and what points about a topic could be reviewed in such studies. The recommendations that are incorporated into your paper can certainly be important to your work. Be certain when writing your paper that you have clear recommendations that are easy to follow and can be utilized right and are not overly complicated or tough to use in some way.
Regards.
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Liegen Ihnen Medizin und Forschung im Blut? Dann suchen wir Sie!
Die Universitätsmedizin Mannheim steht für qualitätsgesicherte, universitäre Maximalversorgung und zählt zu den größten medizinischen Einrichtungen und Forschungszentren der Region. Mit der Medizinischen Fakultät Mannheim der traditionsreichen Universität Heidelberg und dem Universitätsklinikum Mannheim vereinen wir zwei starke Partner. Jährlich bieten wir rund 52.000 stationär und teilstationär sowie 212.000 ambulant aufgenommenen Patienten ein breit gefächertes Spektrum modernster Diagnostik und Therapieverfahren. In 30 Fachkliniken und Instituten engagieren sich 5.000 Mitarbeiter gleichermaßen in Krankenversorgung, Forschung und Lehre.
Die Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg sucht für die II. Medizinische Klinik (Klinikdirektor: Herr Prof. Dr. M. Ebert) zum nächstmöglichen Zeitpunkt in Vollzeit, befristet für 1 Jahr mit Option der Verlängerung eine
Technische Assistenz (BTA, MTLA, CTA, BSc) (m/w/d)
Sie verstärken das Team der Sektionen Hepatologie (Leiter: Herr Prof. Dr. Dr. Teufel) und Molekulare Hepatologie (Leiter: Herr Prof. Dr. Dooley) für die Generierung von Primärkulturen mittels semiautomatisierter Zellisolation aus diversen Geweben, im Rahmen eines BMBF geförderten Projektes (Herrn Dr. Meyer). Die Stelle beinhaltet tierexperimentelles Arbeiten.
Das Aufgabengebiet umfasst:
  • Präparation primärer Leberzellen aus Maus- und Humangewebe und deren Kultivierung
  • Einbindung in die Entwicklung und Validierung neuer Methoden und Qualitätskontrolle
  • Durchführung von Prüfmethoden (mikroskopische Untersuchungen, Durchflusszytometrie, Zell-Assays u. a.)
  • Selbstständige Durchführung der Experimente und sorgfältige Dokumentation (SOPs)
  • Mitwirkung bei Etablierung und Optimierung der von uns entwickelten Zellisolationsmethode
Sie verfügen über:
  • Abgeschlossene Ausbildung zur MTLA, BTA, CTA oder BSc
  • Mindestens 2 Jahre Berufserfahrung in vergleichbarer Position und gute Englischkenntnisse
  • Erfahrung in der Isolierung primärer Zellen und/oder Prüfung dieser ist von Vorteil
  • Selbständiges, verantwortungsvolles Arbeiten sowie hohes Engagement
  • Erfahrung im Umgang mit Mäusen, FELASA-B Zertifikat
Wir bieten:
  • Eine mit hoher Verantwortung verbundene Tätigkeit und ein vielseitiges Aufgabenspektrum
  • Ein aufgeschlossenes und motiviertes Team
  • Angebote zur Unterstützung der Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf
  • Unterstützung Ihrer persönlichen und beruflichen Entwicklung durch das interne Bildungsprogramm der Universität Heidelberg
  • Eine Vergütung nach den Bestimmungen des Tarifvertrags für den öffentlichen Dienst der Länder (TV-L)
  • Altersvorsorge für den öffentlichen Dienst (VBL)
📷
Wir stehen für Chancengleichheit. Schwerbehinderte werden bei gleicher Eignung vorrangig eingestellt. Im Rahmen unserer Bemühungen, ein ausreichendes Potential an Teilzeitstellen anzubieten, kann grundsätzlich die ausgeschriebene Stelle auch mit zwei Teilzeitbeschäftigten besetzt werden.
Für Informationen steht Ihnen gerne Herr Dr. Meyer, Telefon 0621/383-5603 zur Verfügung. Fragen in fachlicher Hinsicht beantwortet Ihnen gerne Drs. Meyer, Dropmann und Hammad, Telefon 0621/383-5603/5595. Bewerbungsschluss: 18.10.2020; Kennziffer: 813-339
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With translation to English:
Do you have medicine and research in your blood? Then we are looking for you! The University Medical Center Mannheim stands for quality-assured, university maximum care and is one of the largest medical institutions and research centers in the region. With the Mannheim Medical Faculty of the traditional University of Heidelberg and the University Hospital Mannheim, we are combining two strong partners. Every year we offer around 52,000 inpatients and day care patients as well as 212,000 outpatients admitted a wide range of the most modern diagnostics and therapy procedures. In 30 specialist clinics and institutes, 5,000 employees are equally committed to health care, research and teaching. The Medical Faculty Mannheim of the University of Heidelberg is looking for the 2nd Medical Clinic (Clinic Director: Prof. Dr. M. Ebert) full-time as soon as possible, limited to 1 year with the option of extension Technical assistance (BTA, MTLA, CTA, BSc) (m / f / d) You will strengthen the team of the Hepatology (Head: Prof. Dr. Dr. Teufel) and Molecular Hepatology (Head: Prof. Dr. Dooley) for the generation of primary cultures using semi-automated cell isolation from various tissues, as part of a BMBF-funded project (Dr. Meyer). The position includes animal experimentation. The area of ​​responsibility includes:
Preparation of primary liver cells from mouse and human tissue and their cultivation Involvement in the development and validation of new methods and quality control Implementation of test methods (microscopic examinations, flow cytometry, cell assays, etc.) Independent implementation of the experiments and careful documentation (SOPs) Participation in the establishment and optimization of the cell isolation method we developed
You have:
Completed training for MTLA, BTA, CTA or BSc At least 2 years of professional experience in a comparable position and good knowledge of English Experience in isolating and / or testing primary cells is an advantage Independent, responsible work and a high level of commitment Experience in handling mice, FELASA-B certificate
We offer:
An activity associated with a high level of responsibility and a diverse range of tasks An open-minded and motivated team Offers to support the compatibility of family and work Support for your personal and professional development through the internal education program of Heidelberg University Remuneration according to the provisions of the collective agreement for the civil service of the federal states (TV-L) Old-age provision for the public service (VBL)
📷 We stand for equal opportunities. Handicapped applicants will be given preference if equally qualified. As part of our efforts to offer sufficient potential for part-time positions, the advertised position can in principle also be filled with two part-time employees. For information, please contact Dr. Meyer, phone 0621 / 383-5603. Drs. Meyer, Dropmann and Hammad, phone 0621 / 383-5603 / 5595, will be happy to answer any technical questions you may have. Application deadline: October 18, 2020; Code number: 813-339
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Hi, dear friends. My name is Mohammad and studies medical biotechnology at University of medical sciences. Decided to form a group for research in cancer stem cells related sciences, Does anyone have an interest in this field? We want to form an international group. It's my telegram ID. Everyone interest in send message for me. @biotech_bioinformatics
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I am very interested.
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Can Someone Help Me to a web site for basic medical sciences as source for medical students at the college?
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You can't go wrong with UpToDate (uptodate.com). It's an incredible source of recent information on basic science and it's irreplaceable with clinical practice as well.
It's subscription-based but well worth the price. Alternatively, you can check if your university provides students with access to it.
Hope this helps.
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In Ecuadorian Amazonia, where I am based, it seems like people in indigenous communities have managed very well through the covid-19 pandemic, in spite of very high rates of contagion. I know of two large communities, about 1400 and 2000 habitants, respectively, where most people took basically no precautions in order to avoid contagion, and now almost everybody have gone through the disease and then recovered. In the smaller community only one person died, an old male with previous medical conditions, and in the larger one nobody died. Nobody has even been taken to hospital. Among people from these communities who have migrated to urban areas, on the other hand, several people have died of covid (which seems to rule out genetic factors as an explanation).
Obviously the age structure plays a role, as about half of the population is under 20 years old. But I suspect that the reason for the low mortality also is either related to general lifestyle things or to self-medication with medicinal plants. I would love to investigate this further, but I have no research funds, and I am not myself an expert in medical science.
Any comments on this and advice on how to proceed forward would be highly appreciated!
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Also in Middle East we have many inquires about this
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What are your thoughts about this idea ... "improvement in Reading Comprehension Sills leads to decrease in students' perceived costs (means saving more time and getting better results) and that'll make them more motivated intrinsically (based on Expectancy-Value Theory)"?
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Is it fair and reasonable to say that in the medical sciences, English is widely accepted (universally?) by scientists as the main language for communication and defending research findings?
At this point in time, is this a valid statement?
Will this acceptance continue in the foreseeable future?
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Yes, it is used in many countries and most people understand.
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Andrew Neil, a TV presenter here in UK has just used a word, ultracrepidarianism, the roots of which are attributed to Pliny the Elder.
ne supra crepidam sutor judicare ‘let the cobbler not judge above the sandal’
The current Covid-19 pandemic has given rise to ultracrepidarianism on a colossal scale, particularly here on RG.
Ultracrepidarianism is the act of giving advice or opinions on subjects one has no knowledge or experience of.
This is all too common on RG and the cause of most of the disputes between academics and scientists who participate on the threads. What is it makes people so enthusiastic about formulating opinions on subjects they know little or nothing about?
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Dear Barry,
Like Trump, I wash my hands of any responsibility for my ultracrepidarianism ... it's all Obama's fault!
Regards,
Bob
PS but seriously, I believe the Internet (specifically Google) had a lot to do with the pandemic of ultracrepidarians ... more than we realize!
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Would you like to participate in the "Assessment and Evaluation in Medical Education" book writing project by contributing a chapter?
The chapters list is shown below. The yellow coloured chapters are already written by experts in the field.
If you have anything to write from this list, you can reply here. Also, you can suggest different chapters. This is a non-profit project that will share your expertise and make important contributions to medical science.
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Thank you very much Dr. Omer Tontus for the book writing invitation. I will keep following this thread.
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I'll be happy to give someone comprehensive Mta-Analysis version2.
Best Regards,
zeynab farhadi
phd candiate of health policy
Iran university of medical science
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Thank you.. I need it please
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  1. I have discovered a novel species of bacteria that belongs to Pseudomonas genus. On the basis of rpoD gene (individually) and 16sRNA+rpoD genes based (concatenated) trees,it shows close similarity to P.alcaligenes (P.aeruginosa lineage).
  2. Genome blast distance phylogeny (GBDP) tree created using Type strain genome server (TYGS), mirrors the similar results with 100 % bootstrap value. Moreover, the "type species" suggested by the TYGS platform on the bases of genome sequences are P.aeruginosa and Azomonas agilis.
My Question: Can I directly say that this soil bacterium is human pathogen? OR This bacterium holds potential for being human pathogen?
P.S: The bacterium was isolated from grassland soil to study their role in nitrogen cycle , more specifically, respiratory ammonifcation /Dissimilatory nitrate reduction/ denitrification.
Regards,
Timsy
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Hi,
Since it shows simililarity to P. alcaligenes, so more likely holds a potential for bioremediation purposes. Pseudomonases in soil are more decomposer than a pathogen.Of course underlying in P. aeruginosa lineage, it can also holds potential for being human pathogen.
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A lot of scientific news indicates that blood type owners are more likely to be infected with viruses, from your scientific point of view and specialization. Do you think that there is a relationship between the blood group and the strength of the immune system in humans?
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Please kindly follow these papers:
Blood Type Biochemistry and Human Disease,
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2017 Nov 1.
Published in final edited form as:
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med. 2016 Nov; 8(6): 517–535. Published online 2016 Sep 7. doi: 10.1002/wsbm.1355
and also
ABO system of blood groups in people and their resistance to certain infectious diseases (prognosis).
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Curriculum is lacking in many academic programs in our country. What we actually have are modified syllabi. In a workshop at university grants commission (UGC) of Bangladesh a common format was proposed for all academic programs. We have customized that format to make it suitable for academic programs in medical science. Now, we are in a need of formulating a 'Outcome based curriculum' for MD (Dermatology and Venereology) residency program. Is there any one who could help me in this regard?
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Thanks to Satyaprasad Venkato, Marko Vok, and Michelle Murphy for your participation in this discussion and comments.
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Dear  Sara Campbell I work at University of Medical Sciences in Poznan (Poland), I am a nurse with a post-doctoral degree in health sciences. I got interested in the described project, is there any possibility to join this research? I have experience in studies on need for support among persons and carers od elder people. Didactically and scientifically I am involved in gerontology and geriatric nursing. I will be glad to supply more information on me, my team or my activities, if requested. With kind regards from Poznan, Dorota Talarska dtalarska@ump.edu.pl
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Dear Dorota, this study ended some years ago. Thank you for your interest and best of luck finding research to get involved in. Unfortunately my current research is also coming to an end very soon too.
All good wishes, Sarah
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Dear colleagues
What is the best Turkey university to study a master course in medical microbiology, we look for:
1- Shanghai or QS ranked university
2- Moderate cost-of-living
3- English proficiency requirements (because there is no EP certificate)
4- Full-time programs
5- Minimal duration of the study (2 years or less)
6- Improving research skills
Please type your answers rather than links unless becomes necessary
Regards;
Hussein Abid
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Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey - you can view program details .....MastersPortal.com.
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Dear colleagues
What is the best Malaysian university to study a master course in medical microbiology, we look for:
1- Shanghai or QS ranked university
2- Moderate cost-of-living
3- English proficiency requirements (because there is no EP certificate)
4- Full-time programs
5- Minimal duration of the study (2 years or less)
6- Improving research skills
Please type your answers rather than links unless becomes necessary
Regards;
Hussein Abid
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University of Malaya is the only Malaysian university that has been ranked in the World’s Top 100 Universities by QS World University Rankings.
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Most of the existing literature explains the design and implementation of CBME in clinical phases or the residency programs. How to design CBME for Basic Medical Sciences Courses? when writing the competencies in a basic medical science course what to be considered..are the competencies at this stage are the milestones of a broader competency of the program? Then what assessment has to be followed? The assessment of this competency is continuous till the end of the program or do we have any other design to separate this at the basic sciences and the clinical phases?
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This is very interesting topic. Someone specialized in public health made a workshop for people from his community. During that, some one as being a ayoung brought his old mother to test for diabetes and by chance he asked a specialist to test his blood. The mother was negative for diabetes test but her son (young person) was positive. In this case was clinical education crusial?
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1. Medical Science
2. Human Resouce Management
3. Organisational Behavior
4. Psychology
The term "Burnout" is very much consistent and relavent to medical science (Own Observation but research supprts). Now a day nemerous researches can be found where researchers trying to use or best fit the term "Burnout" for Human Resouce Mangement, Organisational Behavior or even Psychology.
But if I want to make the "best fit" after medical science, which discipline is more suited and undergo with burnout.
Kind Regards
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I think it could potentially be relevant and studied by all those disciplines, but I think it would primarily fall under a specific area of psychology; occupational health psychology. It however would also depend on what aspects of burnout one is going to study.
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Different clinical methods are being practiced for Diabetic foot care. Success ratio, recurrence and failure rates are different at their levels. This question is to discuss important points in light of both AYUSH and Modern Medical Science in benefit of science and community.
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Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in China have spectacular results by treating diabetic foot. They were developed different herbal creams which are accepted by Chinese Food and Drug Administration and they are used in hospitals in China. The most terrible wounds can be treated by that medicines with great success. I saw it in Shanghai in Shuguang Hospital during my workshop at Shanghai TCM University.
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I deal with quantitative invesment research papers, not medical science. Not sure why I keep getting asked to help out on this.
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no
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Dear RG researchers in Medical sciences
Lips, mouth and tongue feel as severely going to dry, which type of disease it will be?
Thanks for comments.
regards
Ijaz
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Sounds like sicca symptoms which can be seen in Sjogren syndrome.
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Papers published by my friend, Mohammad Moradi, At Kerman University of Medical Sciences, have been recorded for another Mohammad Moradi (https://www.researchgate.net/profile/mohammad_Moradi32/research). We tried to call him but the phone no. and address are not valid now. What can we do to delete the papers which are not for him but are in his page?
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Dear Dr. Okhovati,
You could follow the second Mohammad Moradi, send him a message using ResearchGate messaging, and make him aware of the problem. You could also write to the University, which is not his real affiliation, to follow the problem as well.
Kind regards,
Moohebat
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Which DEA technique model is suitable for assessing the performance of academic libraries in the field of medical sciences? And why
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Dear Mr. Assani
Thank you for your complete answer and good guidance. If you let me use your help further.
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please i need journal within Scopus gave rapid acceptance and low fee in medical science ...drnihadkhalawe@gmail.com
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On which topic do you want to publish?
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Hormesis is a concept to explain of adaptation of body to certain dose of Toxic substance. if some condition in exercise like of produce of Free radical, reactive oxygen species, decrease of pH and etc be a toxic condition for body can we called exercise for one of factor of hormesis? what is your idea?
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Merry TL, Ristow M. Mitohormesis in exercise training. Free Radic Biol Med 2016;98:123-130. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285392332_Mitohormesis_in_exercise_training
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Medical history is important issue , without the past medical sciences we cannot reach the present developed status.
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From my experience in the U.S., history of medicine in the 1800s, 1900s is not emphasized in medical training. Usually, it is given short shrift. Ethics in medicine is emphasized to a much higher degree.
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We are a team including Epidemiologists, Physicians, Biologists (MSC and PhD), Well-known supervisors from Iran, United States and India and we are writing a lot of articles in these countries.
Now, we need more authors in our team. Motivated, active, Smart and clever authors from everywhere in the world.
Currently we want to form a team and write a new review article in Neuroscience (Especially on Impacts of Nutrients on Brain developments).
Kindly send your request by E-mail or direct message on RG.
Do not hesitate to ask any question.
Best of Luck
Kheirvari JK
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Good Luck
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Which biology fields would be most popular and interesting in the future?
Biochemistry , Genetics , Neuroscience , Immunology , Medical Science , Microbiology or Biotechnology ?
I'm MSc of Biochemistry and I'm Gonna continue my studying in PhD position.
I'm really interested in Biochemistry and Neuroscience, although I've always loved Biotechnology and Medical Sciences when I was MSc student.
Now, I have to choose my destiny. I should take many things into account but job security and job opportunity is most important one after enthusiasm.
Which one would be most crucial field in Biology Sciences in near future?
I would like to have advises of Professors and Scientists in mind.
Thank you in advance for your time and consideration.
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Nobody knows! :-) All fields are important. Look for good advisor and mentor, which help and promote you to become a good scientist and get later a good joby! Did you know the story of the rabbit, the fox, the wolf and the lion?
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Hello Dear proff
Thank you for your notification
Did you finish your project or would you like perform it as multi national extra Germany as well ?
If you are right I would like participate in your program .
Best regard
Manijeh khalili
Pediatric Gastroenterologist
Zahedan University of Medical Sciences
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Dear Manijeh Khalili, the serological testing was only finished early this year. We are currently just focussing on the analysis of our existing data. But maybe options to cooperate will come up in the future. Best regards, Birgit
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Although Field Emission-ESEM provides an additional low vacuum option to analyse biological and insulating samples. Which is good regarding the applications.
Does this option also jeopardize the life of the instrument due to possibility of contamination by the samples that release vapors.
You own experience and expert advice are highly welcomed.
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What is environmental mode for SEM you are discussing? Is it possibility to observe water and wet specimens? In contrast to low vac mode, this mode is rarely used, not much applications exists. If you really need to observe wet specimens, then buy it, otherwise low vac mode is sufficient for most applications.
If you consider two SEMs with the same column and same gun, but one of them is equipped for wet mode, then you will not see any difference in performance and service life. Water vapor is harmless for modern SEM. Of course, if you put in oily, greasy and such specimens you can contaminate your microscope, but it will be your specimens, not microscope design that matter.
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What is the usefulness of Case-Reports in medical science? How one can write better case reports? Is there any guidelines?
I have found some published articles on this and request your feedback and additional resources.
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Dear sir,
Certianly case reports are useful in medicine. As in all branches, medical science is continuosly building process and it is based on information gathered from all types of studies. You will find case report to be of paramount benifit when reviewing rare conditions. As in such situations you will not find enough cohort to be enrolled in other study types.
Many journals are not very interested in publishing such studies, the truth behind this is the low citing rate a case report could get which indeed is not helpfull in growing impact factor a journal may credited, so unless you are reporting a new occurance or a new diagnostic or surgical modality you probably will be faced with a low potential for publication
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We all come across various conditions in different fields in medical science, where imaging plays a vital role in the management of any clinical condition. Radiologists are specifically trained to read and report on their findings on various images viz. CT scans, USG, MRI etc.
My question is: how adept should a non-radiologist be in reading the images? and at what stage of his career ?
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My opinion would somewhat differ. I routinely see patients referred to us with significant morbidity and mortality from clinicians erroneously drawing their own conclusions about imaging. This VERY frequently occurs where complex MRI artifacts that are easily recognized by a radiologist trained in MRI physics are misinterpreted by clinicians, along with other routine mistakes I see. I am fortunate that my clinical teams frequently are in communication about imaging findings and expressing their concerns all for the benefit of our patients. There once was a time before PACS where you would have had to go to the radiologist to even see the images! This forced open communication. I would STRONGLY suggest to you that if you have concern about a radiologist report, you should DISCUSS WITH THEM! Both the clinician and the radiologist bring an enormous amount of unique knowledge and experience to the table.
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Please read attached file.
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Hi,
This observation is correct. Many mathematicians in various institutions and countries resent the impact factor as a measure of scientific excellence since it does not reflect accurately the value of papers in their field. Mathematics is an exact science, but its citation dynamics is similar to the social sciences. One bibliometric rule is that every science field has a different citation dynamics, and the comparison should take place within fields and not between them.
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In social or medical science, we sometimes have different treatments (likely to affect the same outcome) which have been applied simultaneously, i.e. some units have received treatment A, others have received treatment B, others have received treatment A and B and others have received nothing?
is there a rigorous way to measure ex post the relative effectiveness of treatments A and B, in the form of Average Treatment Effect or more sophisticated estimands capturing the heterogeneity of impacts? e.g. if there are n interventions, i can use 2^n control groups to study all the interactions.
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Hi Sebastian,
A combination of matching and DiD is usually a good idea. Do get in touch if you want to discuss it further (I'm also a good friend of Esteve), I am always happy to read/hear about these topics.
Cheers.
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- Could you please point me out to some successful Medical sciences applications using partial differential equations?
- Preferably, involving heat, reaction-diffusion, Poisson, or Wave equation.
- If possible in fuzzy environment.
Best regards
Sarmad.
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Dear Professor, In mathematical modelling for drug delivery we are using PDE.
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which countries in europe are the exporting?
which countries in europe already consuming insects for human use?
which countries are already using insects for animal feed?
how much protein can be supplied by insects in broiler feed?
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Canada, South Africa.
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I have a dataset which is kind of unique where can I distribute it?
Description of Dataset:
Here is three datasets which include WOS-11967 , WOS-46985, and WOS-5736 Each folder contains:
-X.txt -Y.txt -YL1.txt -YL2.txt
X is input data that include text sequences
Y is target value
YL1 is target value of level one (parent label)
YL2 is target value of level one (child label)
Meta-data:
This folder contain on data file as following attribute: Y1 Y2 Y Domain area keywords Abstract
Abstract is input data that include text sequences of 46,985 published paper
Y is target value
YL1 is target value of level one (parent label)
YL2 is target value of level one (child label)
Domain is majaor domain which include 7 labales: {Computer Science,Electrical Engineering, Psychology, Mechanical Engineering,Civil Engineering, Medical Science, biochemistry}
area is subdomain or area of the paper such as CS-> computer graphics which contain 134 labels. keywords : is authors keyword of the papers
Web of Science Dataset WOS-11967
-This dataset contains 11,967 documents with 35 categories which include 7 parents categories.
Web of Science Dataset WOS-46985
-This dataset contains 46,985 documents with 134 categories which include 7 parents categories.
Web of Science Dataset WOS-5736
-This dataset contains 5,736 documents with 11 categories which include 3 parents c
Referenced paper: HDLTex: Hierarchical Deep Learning for Text Classification
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as we know both of them are mechanism of blood vessel formation,but i want to know what is diffrence between these mechanism.
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Hi Tahura
in a simple term
vasculogenesis:  formation of the new vascular network when there are no pre-existing vessels.
angiogenesis:  formation of the new vascular network by sprouting and splitting from pre-existing vessels.
Please see the following articles for more info:
Cancer Treat Res. 2004;117:3-32.
Vasculogenesis and angiogenesis.
The Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System pp 31-41
Vasculogenesis and Angiogenesis
I hope it will help
Amin
I hope it will help
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Consider that she is not intrested in things like science boundries and nonfunctional simulations  also she lives in a third world country ; it means no good job opportunity for who just has a bachelore degree.
Not a medical science fan 
A fan of every functional issue
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Globalization made the World into a  small village and by one click we can see/know/learn many things from where we are! With steadfastness and determination one can achieve what one wanted to achieve. 
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Chapter 5. The role of early life stress in HPA axis and depression
Mario F. Juruena, Anthony J. Cleare, Allan H. Young
Center for Affective Disorders, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience-King's College London, London, UK
Dr Mario F.  Juruena, MD, MSc, Dip CBT, MPhil, PhD
Consultant Psychiatrist South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
Newton  Fellow- Academy of Medical Sciences/Royal Society
Clinical Senior Lecturer
Centre for Affective Disorders –Dept of Psychological Medicine
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience
King’s College London
Room E2.08
PO72, De Crespigny Park
Denmark Hill, London- SE5 8AF
Mobile: +447484 863311
__________________________________________
Associate Editor BMC Psychiatry-UK
__________________________________________
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Thanks for your prompt reply Dr Yong-Ku Kim.
Me too, let me know about our future project,
Kind Regards,
Mario Juruena 
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Does any body know what is the minimum time after submission to first editorial response?  I have submitted this ". Confirmatory Factor Analysis the Malay Version of Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) Inventory with Medical Students of Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia; submitted in North American Journal of Medical Sciences (Manuscript ID: North_Am_J_Med_Sci_84_17), April 5, 2017". What should I do? I have emailed Journal people and also through journal website no less than 20 times. Even registered letter to Journal Office in Canada. No response.
What should I do? 
Regards. 
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Dears.,  simply, if you are still interested in publishing your work in that particular journal, request clarification letter from the editor-in-chief ... good luck ...
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Dear Respected Doctors,
It is my pleasure to participate into your research of interest project seeking of alternative medicine against superbugs germs.
Regards,
Dr. Ameen salem Alwashmi, BSc (Meidcal Microbiogy) MSc (Infection and Immunity), PhD (Immunology)
Assistant Professor,
Head of Human Health department
Staff of Medical Laboratory department
College of Applied Medical Science
Qassim University
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Thank you so much for all these valuable information.
Welcome to the world of natural products.
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EPH incidence
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Why not  reported in Israel???? Judy
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In my recent study I'm trying to investigate the causes of one patient's severity of his condition of severe epileptic syndrome. For this purpose I took 8 samples of night urine after the days with various values of Severity. There is a scale of day's severity from 0 (everything is fine) till 10 (Status Epilepticus). Then we did chromatography for 168 organic acids, and there was only 1 acid with correlation coefficient more than 0.75 (absolute value). This is Salicyluric acid.
Attached are two graphs, which show the high negative correlation between day's severity and concentration of that acid in urine. Of course this isn't the evidence of the existence of causality between these values.
But if the causality exists, what is the direction of it: from concentration of Salicyluric acid to severity or vice versa?
Are there any ideas?
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Thank you for new ideas, Dr. Hussain.  After all we investigated the diet of patient, and the concentration of SUA was in some link with amount of vegetables, he ate a day before. The existence of third hidden factor is still discussable.
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I recently added a project regarding this question.
Basically sex is these days mostly not related to reproduction. Instead it fulfills other function. People have sex for enjoyment, out of love, in order to relax or to have certain experiences involving satisfaction or even something spiritual.
In that regard an orgasm, which may be a peak orgasm (following the stages publishes by Masters and Johnson), is possibly the goal but not the only reason such an experience is wanted and looked for. People may want sex for many other aspects of a sexual experience.
Whereas males may be less interested in a broader experience than females and females even need that part of sexuality to reach a peak orgasm, females may also have a greater variety in term of both what contributes to excitement and what is experienced as orgiastic, fulfilling etc.
Sexual behaviour is arguably more related to consciousness than to mere physiology. People make conscious choices to have sex, use contraceptives and engage in different forms of sexual activities and experiences. There may be a lot of unconsciousness involved as well. People may be driven to have a lot of sex, because they are addicted or need it for relaxation, to be able to sleep etc. They may want it to fulfill psychological needs that they are not (fully) aware of.
If you are interested in these questions, please check out this project: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Consciousness-and-female-orgasms
We are still looking for collabators.
Cheers
Hans Ricke
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I added a project update today on request, so please have a look and comment either there or here.
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Dear all. I should merge the data of longitudinal studies.
All reported the estimates as hazard ratios. However, some of them reported the data as increases in one standard deviation,  others for groups (e.g. for tertiles). Does anybody know how to do in this case?
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Hi Luc thank you for your answer! I know this system that I usually do in my elaborations. I am wondering if you know how to merge the info from studies assessing HRs using the continous variables and those using categories. I usually keep separate these info. Do you have any idea?
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I see reports of doxycycline use as a seroma sclerosant and would like to know if this or other agents have been used with success?
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I've done mostly lymphoceles and I have converted my practice to single shot ethanol  immediately after placement of the catheter and extensive imaging with abscessography. I then remove the catheter after rotating the patient in the recovery room for 1 hour. I did 1 postoperative seroma in the anterior abdominal subcutaneous tissues with ethanol in this fashion and she did well. I only have an n of 1 with seromas. If you want to play it safe, you could use Betadine after an abscessogram demonstrating no leakage. However, it would entail self injection by the patient at home for about a week or so depending on the size of the seroma. Alternatively you could use one of the known antibiotics including Doxy. Sorry I don't have a great recommendation. Ethanol can be scary but if there is no leakage, it can be used at one third the volume.
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I am underatking a sytematic review and I want to use a quality assessment tool. The National Heart, Lung and blood Institue have an Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies which I wish to use. However, I cannot find any evidence of its relaibity and validity. Does anyone have evidence of its R&V. 
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Hello Lloyd ,,, I am a member of the evidence based center , Cairo Univeristy Egypt and a memeber of CASP Egypt team ,,,,,,,I recommend using CASP checklist for quality assessment of cohort ans cross sectional studies or SIGN for the relevant study designs
link for CASP is http://www.casp-uk.net/
link for SIGN ishttp://www.sign.ac.uk/methodology/checklists.html
wish u all the best 
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The era of impact factor, h-index, g-index and open access has brought about several issues relative to sharp practices by researchers, scholars, journal editors, reviewers et cetera. Increasingly, complaints are being filed about plagiarism, self-plagiarism, reviewers forcing authors to cite their papers, some journal editors asking for citations from their journal etc. Moreover, there are different methods or software for calculating h-index, with some claiming superiority over the others. There is also the recent introduction of ORCID, to identify researchers by a unique combination of numbers, which is still evolving. I am not sure the final outcome expected when it comes on fully.
I feel strongly that there is a need for a global symposium to address these issues, and believe there could be a plan already in the process for this. Could anyone intimate us if indeed, such a symposium or conference has been scheduled? And if so, when, where and to be hosted by whom? Additional opinions with regards why this meeting is necessary or otherwise are welcome.
Thank you.
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Now, The role of evidence-based medicine in the medical sciences is growing. I'm interested to know how can write an excellent Systematic Review. I want to know:
1. What steps is a systematic review?
2. What is the standard of a good systematic review?
3. What steps must be followed at each stage?
Please introduce to me articles, books and related sites that can answer my questions.
Thanks a lot and wish all the best for you
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Dear Sajjad,
I found the following two papers containing a very helpful step by step guide to conducting a systematic review.
1.       Khan, K.S., Kunz, R., Kleijnen, J. & Antes, G. (2003) Five steps to conducting a systematic review. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 96 (3), 118–121.
2.       Wright, R.W., Brand, R.A., Dunn, W. & Spindler, K.P. (2007) How to Write a Systematic Review: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. [Online] 45523–29. Available from: doi:10.1097/BLO.0b013e31802c9098.
Make sure you stick to the PRISMA guide when reporting (especially if you are planning to publish your paper), and for quality assessment I found Jadad score been heavily used to assess the quality of RCT included.
There will be some variations if you plan to encompass other design than a RCT. The book titled “doing a systematic review: A student guide” is useful as well (reference below).
3.       Angela Boland, M. Gemma Cherry, & Rumona Dickson (eds.) (2013) Doing a Systematic Review: A Student’s Guide. 1 edition. London ; Thousand Oakes, California, SAGE Publications Ltd.
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Medical records security
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Electronic Medical records are sensitive pieces of information that requires extensive and strong protection. Taking an example of a bankrupt hospital may put some light on the matter. A cancer hospital dealing with all stages of cancer patients filed for bankrupcy and was taken over by a loan lending bank. After the take over was complete, the bank officials scrutinized all such patient details who were in their last stages of cancer, had extremely less chances of survival and had pending loans with the same bank. The loan accounts for these patients was closed and the loan amounts forfeited. As a solution, one could use steganographic protocols to hide patient medical records (which are primarily text) within medical report images. In this case, only an authorized doctor or medical personnel may have access to the records. To all others, the existence of the records remains concealed.
Hope this helps a bit
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Does anyone know a scale to study perception of women on childbirth experiences in hospital delivery, especially for developing country?
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The birth satisfaction scale revised - (BSS-R) produced by Hollins Martin
Caroline J. Hollins Martin, PhD, MPhil, BSc, PGCE, ADM, RM, RGN, MBPsS (Professor of Midwifery), Colin R. Martin, PhD, MBA, BSc, RN, YCAP, CPsychol, CSci, AFBPsS (Professor of Mental Health)  Development and psychometric properties of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) Midwifery 30 (2014) 610–619 
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If a patient has acquired acute invasive amebic colitis with a sensation of focal pain in his left colon what are the chances that he may develop appendicitis; even after going through prompt antibiotic therapy?
Thanks in advance
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J Gastroenterol. 2000;35(11):861-3.
Acute appendicitis caused by amebiasis.
Gotohda N1, Itano S, Okada Y, Horiki S, Endo A, Terada N, Isozaki H, Takakura N, Tanaka N.
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With multicolour flow cytometry, which is the preferred gating control to use? FMO or isotype control?
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Jorjoh,
The answer is a little complicated because it's a personal opinion. I advise you to have an isotype control because most referees ask for it when you submit your data, so better be safe than sorry.
Personally, I don't think isotypes for surface stain answers anything other than if your blocking worked. And you must never use it as gating control, nor compensation, nor something you subtract from your assay. I believe in this because there isn't such thing as a perfect isotype. Take a look at this paragraph:
"In order to be useful, the isotype control should ideally be the same isotype, both in terms of species, heavy chain (IgA, IgG, IgD, IgE, or IgM) and light chain (kappa or lambda) class, the same fluorochrome (PE, APC, etc.), and have the same F:P ratio. F:P is a measurement of how many fluorescent molecules are present on each antibody."
This paragraph is from the link below. Take a look at it!
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In the on call duty, a patient presented to the ER. Retrospectively there was suspected major medical negligence and near miss, who is legally responsible; the attendant physician was a junior resident in hospital. The on call rota includes a resident + a specialist and a consultant. In the case of legal complaint who is responsible if the specialist and the consultant were not informed about the case and if they were informed and have not seen the patient.
second question; who should be responsible for admission of cases; junior resident, senior resident, specialist or consultant?
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Dr. Sersar,
The answer to your question is decided by the judicial system where the medical negligence exists.  You are in Saudi Arabia and I can't speak to the rules regarding medical jurisprudence in your country.   
In the USA there are 4 elements to malpractice.
Duty – A duty must have been owed to a patient by a healthcare practitioner charged with that patient’s care. The doctor-patient relationship is a common example of a situation where that duty would exist.
Breach of Duty –The healthcare practitioner who had the duty of care for that patient must have failed in his/her duty by not exercising the degree of care or medical skill that another healthcare professional in the same specialty would have used in an equal situation. (This is when an expert is often called in to testify as to what an appropriate standard of care would be.)
Damage – The patient must have suffered emotional or physical injury while in the care of the healthcare practitioner. The injury can be a new one, or an aggravation of an existing injury.
Cause – There must be solid proof that the breach of duty by the healthcare practitioner caused the patient’s injury.
A successful medical malpractice suit will have proven that all four of these factors exist. If the defendant or healthcare practitioner being sued can prove that one or more of the elements does not exist, then the plaintiff would not prevail.
Each individual involved in medical negligence can be found at fault. Not just the attending physician.   Negligence cases can target multiple individuals.
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Numerous studies using sEMG to recorded diaphragm activity was performed in a various methodology. For example, in one of the study to record the activity of the diaphragm, the electrodes were placed in the seventh or eighth intercostal space on the right side of the body at the midclavicular line. In other studies, the diaphragm electrodes were placed in the lowest intercostal spaces on the right side of the body, at the mid-clavicular line. Which method is correct, more sensitive and more precise? Are there any possible other methods of electrodes placements in diaphragm sEMG?
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We use one of the technique proposed by Shin J OH. ; electrodes in the 7-8th intercostal space; other methods can also be used acc to experience.
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Does not matter what theory is comes from.
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Putting measurable Parametres to the three dimensions of the expectancy theory of Vroom might be a good starting conceptual framework
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Medical science is mainly based on physical layer such as symptoms of the disease and then medication is advised. Energy is inner strength. How can energy be utilized for complete health?
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To what type of energy do you refer?
Electromagnetic energy? thermal energy? chemical bonds? kinetic energy?
Or do you mean psychological "energy" / resilience / self efficacy?
Or yin and yang, or Chakra alignment??
I'm sorry but until terms are defined I honestly find it difficult to understand what your question means.
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Does anyone know how we can determinate the neurotoxic activities of Naja melanoleuca snakes?
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I'm treating with corticosteroids a patient with Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)–related disease with  /periaortitis and periarteritis that are possible  vascular manifestations. Each time I reach 15mg of prednisone the patient relapses. I'm looking for an effective second line treatment. 
Thank you in advance for your answers. 
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When you bring up the article in first message above it references on right side of page a series of related articles.
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Is there any first choice graft for the surgery of Peyronie's disease?
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I remember about 8-10 Peyronie cases in whom I used both fascias - just because they resemble  tunica albuginea better than dermis (where I could imagine bulging post-op....?)
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Dear Community,
I struggle about the construction of the Nullhypothesis in a binomial test. Usually I include the equal sign in the Nullhypothesis, e.g. H_0: p<=0.5 and H_1:p>0.5. My idea is that the test statistic follows a Binomial distribution with p=0.5 under the Nullhypothesis. Now I had discussion about including the equal sign in the Nilhypothesis, e.g. H_0:p<0.5 and H_1: p>=0.5. On the first sight for me this seems to cause some problems because I don't know the distribution of the test statistic under Nullhypothesis because p can take every value from [0; 0.5[. Somebody told me that in medical science they often put the equal sign in the Nilhypothesis, can somebody confirm this? What do you think about this issue? Do you have any references?
Thank you very much in advance!
Kind regards,
Florian
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Ok, here it goes: the null hypothesis for the two-tailed test is p (pie value) = 0.5, thus the two-tailed hypothesis test will result in rejection if it differs greatly from 0.5 in “either direction” (p ≠0.5). On the other hand, the null hypothesis for one-tailed test is p ≤ 0.5, thus it would be rejected if p>0.5. Now whether you want one-tailed or two-tailed test depends on what you are trying to prove from your data in a particular discipline.
Two tailed tests are appropriate when the directional change is less important than finding whether there is any effect of the independent variable at all. For example, if a drug is tested for a disease x, just to know whether it has any effect (positive or negative) on patients, two tailed tests are appropriate. It will just detect whether any effect is there, good or bad. On the other hand, when direction is known or expected, then one-tailed test would be appropriate. For example, if a drug is known to treat for disease x, then the probability of its positive outcomes can be tested through one-tailed hypothesis.
Summary: The alternative hypothesis in the one-tailed test it is p > 0.5, and the two-tailed test is p ≠ 0.5.
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Royston and Wright produced a seminal work on how to construct normal ranges for fetal variables. Can this be applied to creating nomograms for adults or is there any work that has dealt with creating nomograms for adult subjects. Many thanks
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Dear Sobechukwu
I don't really see the necessity to use a 'fetal' approach fro adults, particularly not, since a lot of work is available in this regardd.
Have you gone through the references and those mentioned as 'external links' on this issue in the Wikipedia article?:
That should give you ample of good quality papers and sites to look at.
Or, is this a misunderstanding and you are looking for something different here? May be, I am not understanding where you are heading to...... (?)
good luck!
Sibylel