Science topics: Communication and MediaMedia Studies
Media Studies - Science topic
Media studies is a discipline and field of study that deals with the content, history and effects of various media; in particular, the 'mass media'. Media studies may draw on traditions from both the social sciences and the humanities, but mostly from its core disciplines of mass communication, communication, communication sciences and communication studies.
Questions related to Media Studies
I'm looking forward to studying the hypersexualization on TikTok using a descriptive approach and case study method, however I have a problem in choosing my pursposive sample:
- I have a list of challenges (the so-called sexy challenges) that represent the main features and commonalities but from 2019 to 2021.
- I have a list of the most followed Tiktokers with a hypersexualized content most of the time.
In your opinion which one should I use?
I'm a Media Studies student actually working on my thesis about body positivity but I'm having a hard time designing my project. I'm considering using two different documentaries : "Gracious Curves" (or Naisenkaari), directed by Kiti Luostarinen and from 1997 and "Embrace" by Taryn Brumfitt which was launched in 2016. Nearly 20 years are separating the two productions so I think it could be interesting to tackle the representation of this (original) movement, far away from what it is mainly known on Instagram, how it changed through a sociocultural perspective and what changed in its reception. Do their different sub-genre (the former, fluid and artistic, the latter, mainstream and educational) could be a problem here ? But, mostly, which method could I use ? Would a content analysis be more doable than a discourse analysis here?
I'm very very lost...
Thanks a lot!
Can you recommend some high quality journals in Communication and Media Studies (publish free of charge) ?
Hi, I am an anthropology PhD student, with a background of media sociology. Based on the concept of "site of memory" by Pierre Nora, I am currently trying to develop a method to analyze memory politics, by defining "memory" as a flow traveling among the place (I mean a heritage site), the media, and the people.
I am looing for references, especially from the field of heritage studies, memory studies and media studies, outlining the relation of site-media-people. Does anyone have suggestion?
By now, I have read literatures by Astrid Erll, Nick Couldry, Anna Reading, Ann Rigney, and James Wertsch.
I read somewhere that it began in 1845, just want to confirm.
I am currently working on a book on Public Relations (from an African perspective) and the rationale behind the book is the fact that as instructors in this field, we borrow instances and case study examples from europe and America which, in my opinion, makes it difficult for students of PR here in Africa to grasp the importance and relevance of PR to business.
It was based on this that the idea of this book was birthed.
I have not completed the book yet, since I am still gathering relevant information, but I am already shopping for potential publishers.
Any information in this regard will be most appreciated. A review of a trusted and tested publisher will be highly welcome.
I am currently working on ideas for my master thesis in Marketing and Digital media studies and could use a little inspiration.
I am interesting in the topics of brand recall, neuromarketing, psychology and advertising. I want to ask you if you have some good ideas of areas that you consider relevant to investigate within this field?
Thank you in advance!
For a project which studies how teens deal with social media and their interfaces,
I'm interested in so-called "activity theory" (also know as cultural-historical activity theory). I know it's been mostly used in psychology and studies focused on human-machine interactions but I think it could be an interesting tool for my research focused how teens use social media platforms.
I'm therefore looking for sources having a sociological approach, linking activity theory and :
-social media studies
-Sociology in general
I'm also interested in discussing activity theory, its advantages and issues.
Thanks in advance !
Which is better in media studies quantitative research or how?
Thanks a lot for taking out time to read and respond to the question.
So, I have designed a behavioral usage survey with a question that captures technology use (independant variable). In the pilot phase, likert scale options had the following values:
Never, A few times a year, Once a month, A few times a month, Once a week, A few times a week, Every day
However, to capture more specific responses, I converted the likert scale to the following.
- » Never used
- » Less than 1 hour
- » 1-2 hours
- » 3-5 hours
- » 6-9 hours
- » 10-19 hours
- » 20-29 hours
- » 30-39 hours
- » 40 hours or more
The mistake I made was that I had also translated the survey (eventually decided to go with only English survey), but I forgot to turn it off initially.
The bad news is that I have significant answers (45%) that in the old scale (i.e. never, a few times a year) and the rest in the new scale.
Good news is that it is an issue only with this independent variable as this is the only question I changed after pilot study. SO, that rest of the translated questions map accurately to the old survey.
My question : Is there anyways I can save the 45% of the data for this particular independent variable question? If so, what is the best method? And how can I talk about this in the paper?
I am searching for recommendations of good associations or ideally networks which connect universities/ faculties or any other type of higher educational institutions in the field of marketing communications, cultural management or media and communication studies. Do you have any suggestions or ideas, please?
Does a sampling technique known as Infinite Population Random Sampling exists? If exits, could it be applied to internet user/social media studies? and how it can be employed?
The concept of corruption
(Opening for a draft paper)
Corruption is a matter of “dishonest or illegal behavior especially by powerful people,” including, for instance, government officials or the police; and primary examples of corrupt behavior are bribery and any other inducement by improper or unlawful means.1 The varying forms and expressions of corruption may, in fact, form an unending list, since new, more sophisticated, subtle or covert forms are pretty sure to arise. The more corruption is exposed at any given time and place, the more subtle and covert it tends to become. Partly in consequence, attempts at definition and demarcation of corruption vary and are often problematic or incomplete; “the class of corrupt actions comprise an extremely diverse array of types of moral and legal offences undertaken in a wide variety of institutional contexts including, but by no means restricted to, political and economic institutions.”2
As Lincoln Steffens put a similar point, directly concerned with Gilded Age corruption in St. Louis, Missouri, one had to fear that, “… the exposures by Mr. Folk will result only in the perfection of the corrupt system.”
For the corrupt can learn a lesson when the good citizens cannot. The Tweed regime in New York taught Tammany to organize its boodle business; the police exposure taught it to improve its method of collecting blackmail. And both now are almost perfect and safe. The rascals of St. Louis will learn in like manner; they will concentrate the control of their bribery system, excluding from the profit-sharing the great mass of weak rascals, and carrying on the business as a business in the interest of a trustworthy few.3
In the wake of exposures of corruption in the press, indictments and convictions due to the work of St. Louis public prosecutor Joseph W. Folk, if the good citizens of the city would not or could not take things in hand, then corruption could simply mutate into some as yet unexposed or covert forms. As a general matter, though, in spite of the tendency toward subtler and more sophisticated forms, the old familiar patterns are always being rediscovered and deployed somewhere or other; they never completely die away.
The etymological source of the English word “corruption” is theological Latin,4 which followed traditions of translating ancient Greek moral and political thought. This background is reflected both in the call on moral standards involved in the condemnation and prosecution of corruption and in the broader usages of the word. Corruption, in a secondary sense, is a matter of departure or deviation from an original, or from what is pure, ideal or correct, as in “corruption of a text,” and “corruption of computer files”—where no moral evaluation need be involved. In their original Greek setting, Aristotle’s three “degenerate,” “digressive” or “perverted” (παρεκβάσείς, parekbasis) forms of government, viz., tyranny, oligarchy and (extreme) democracy, are regarded as degenerate precisely because they deviate or “swerve” from proper concern with the common good. They might therefore equally be said to be corrupt forms. As political scientist Samuel Huntington makes a narrower point, “Corruption is behavior of public officials which deviates from accepted norms in order to serve private ends.”5 But not all corruption is political.
1. Cf. “Corruption” in Merriam-Webster.
2. Seumas Miller 2018, “Corruption” in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. p. 6.
3. Lincoln Steffens 1904, The Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 39.
4. Theological Latin is mentioned in the great Oxford English Dictionary. In consequence of the Latin source, one finds cognate forms in many European languages: English, corruption, French, corruption, German, Korruption, Italian, corruzione, and Russian, korruptsiya. The English “corrupt” derives from Latin, corrumpere = co- + rumpere, “to break.”
5. Cf. Samuel P. Huntington 1968, “Modernization and Corruption” in Huntington 2006, Political Order in Changing Societies, p. 59.
In spite of our understandable and frequent focus on monetary exchanges involving government officials and favors, corruption need not involve exchange of money and may be either public or private. Public officials accepting envelopes stuffed with cash to favor bribe-givers in the exercise of official powers is perhaps the central, paradigm case of political corruption. Yet, surely, corruption may still exist where no money changes hands. Favoritism toward particular persons, groups or interests might be exchanged for other sorts of “inducements,” for instance, reciprocating preferences in hiring, employment advantages or promotions; and favoritism may involve exchange of useful “insider” information.6 “In some corrupt exchanges, such as patronage and nepotism” argues political scientist Michael Johnston, “considerable time may elapse between receiving the quid and repaying the quo, and the exchange may be conditioned by many factors other than immediate gain.”7
When illicit favoritism is practiced within a particular insider group involving partiality in dispensing jobs, opportunities and other advantages to friends, supporters or trusted associates, this favoritism is called cronyism. Favoritism and partiality toward one’s own family and kinship, nepotism, is illegal in American Civil Service employment practices, and restricted by the requirement to report possible conflicts of interest to stockholders in publicly traded firms. The charge of nepotism fails of legal application in privately owned firms. It is worth remarking, however, that the distinction between “public” and “private” agents and resources is not always entirely clear and straightforward.
The point is reflected in the history of corporate charters. For example, the British East India Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company long effectively ruled large areas of India and Canada respectively. Were these private trading corporations or colonial sub-polities of the British crown and government? Being both, of course, they could legally govern their respective geographic domains with priority and preference given to their own economic and trading interests and profits. The East India Company even had its own army which was effectively deployed in the Seven Years’ war (1756-1763).8 Chartered trading companies acting as sub-polities was a compromising configuration, though it long persisted. Again, while colonial Americans saw their chartered colonial governments as their own, requiring their representation and subject to “the consent of the governed,” the view from London was that they could be modified or abolished by parliament like any corporate or municipal charter in the kingdom.
Lincoln Steffens distinguished several classifications of municipal corruption. This is partly a matter of where to look for corruption. His typology includes police corruption which was especially prominent in the scandals of Minneapolis, and also found elsewhere, for instance, as reported in the Lexow Committee’s exposures of police corruption in New York City. Police corruption involves “protection” of and extortion from illegal but tolerated gambling and vices. Steffens sometimes found municipal corruption, centered in the mayor’s office, the executive and administrative departments and sometimes centered in the municipal legislatures. With corruption centered in City Council, the political bosses could often afford to tolerate a “clean hands” mayor. Steffens also describes financial corruption, for example in St. Louis, which involved “not thieves, gamblers, and common women, but influential citizens, capitalists, and great corporations.”9 Political bosses of the Gilded Age often enjoyed quite cozy relations to large financial and industrial firms or even owned banks themselves. Generalized civic corruption, exemplified by Philadelphia, “corrupt and contented,” involved direct ...
6. Cf. Sung Hui Kim 2014, “Insider Trading as Private Corruption,” UCLA Law Review, Vol. 61, pp. 928-1008: “Private corruption” is defined as “the use of an entrusted position for self-regarding gain.”
7. Michael Johnston 2005, Syndromes of Corruption, p. 21.
8. Relevant in comparison is the literature of Edmund Burke’s later speeches and documentation in the long impeachment process against Warren Hastings (1732-1818), the East India Company’s Governor of Bengal. See, e.g., Isaac Kramnick ed. 1999, The Portable Edmund Burke, Section V. “India and Colonialism,” pp. 363-406; Frederick G. Whelan 2012, “Burke on India.”
9. Steffens 1904, Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 71.
partisan manipulation of the electoral system and vote counts, integration of political patronage, federal, state and local, with favored business interests plus institutional and popular acquiescence in boss led, machine politics. Even people not directly involved in corruption, still prevalently “went along,” and adopted protective affiliation and coloring of the dominant party in order not to fall into
direct opposition to the party bosses and the machinations of the corrupt system. Even “heads of great educational and charity institutions ‘go along,’ as they say in Pennsylvania, in order to get appropriations for their institutions from the State and land from the city.”10
Though acceptance of bribes among political office holders is the paradigm, corruption also exists in other institutional contexts. For example, embezzlement by a business partner or favoritism in the allocation of funds by a corporate treasurer show the possibility of corruption in private spheres; and “insider trading” of stocks and bonds on the basis of privileged information is criminal in many or most important jurisdictions. Bribery may exist even in “non-profit” sports organizations, influencing the outcome of games or the award of sports events to particular localities. “Corruption involves the abuse of a trust,” writes Michael Johnston, “generally one involving public power, for private benefit.”11 But the involvement of public power and public financing may be more or less remote, unobvious or even absent. The fundamental objection to corruption is moral, whether or not particular forms of corruption are also legally prohibited—though not every moral failure counts as corruption. Corrupt actions are those that disrupt or strongly tend to disrupt moral habits of good character and/or the practices constitutive of the normative and governing purposes of institutions.
Structures favorable to “economic elite domination”12 may be public, semi-public or private. But in any case of corrupt, domination over public or private interests, there will likely and typically be some “ring,” “combine,” “boodle gang,” syndicate or circle (however tightly organized or tacit and diffuse) of self-serving insiders who ignore or discount the common, public interest or the overt, declared and approved purposes of semi-public or private organizations. More generally, “The pattern of corruption … exists whenever a power-holder who is charged with doing certain things, … is by monetary or other rewards, such as the expectation of a job in the future, induced to take actions which favor whoever provides the reward and thereby damages the group or organization to which the functionary belongs, … .”13
Although legal definitions enter into our concept of corruption, the concept is basically moral and normative. “No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause,” wrote James Madison in Federalist Papers, No. 10, “because his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and, not improbably, corrupt his integrity.”14 The law, a judge and jury are there to see to it that no one is the judge in his own legal case; and we need to be morally concerned with anyone being the judge in a moral conflict of interests to which the same person is also a party. This has a corrupting effect on personal integrity.15 Some degree of cognitive or emotional bias seems to come with the limits of human intelligence and moral sympathy, but persistent, conscious habits and policies based on acceptance or acquiescence in insider bias and favoritism contribute to corruption of every sort.
10. Steffens 1904, Shame of the Cities, H.G. Callaway ed. 2020, p. 141; 141n. The contemporary colloquial phrase in Philadelphia, often critical, is “to go along in order to get along”: a matter of acquiescence.
11. Michael Johnston 2005, Syndromes of Corruption, p. 11.
12. See Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page 2014, “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens,” on usage of this term.
13. Cf. Carl J. Friedrich 1972, “Corruption Concepts in Historical Perspective,” in Friedrich 1972, The Pathologies of Politics, pp. 127ff:
14. James Madison 1787/1937, in The Federalist Papers, No. 10, p. 56.
15. Cf. Zephyr Teachout 2014, Corruption in America, p. 9, Giving a sufficient condition: “a person is corrupt when they use public power for their own ends, disregarding others.”
Do you think that the new media coverage increases the objectivity of the media and information provided to the public?
However, in recent years, on the basis of the development of behavioral economics, there are more and more data and results of research carried out, that unfortunately there are many examples suggesting the irrationality of some economic decisions.
Often, consumers make unnecessary purchases based on an efficiently carried out advertising campaign for products or services.
Perhaps consumers are more and more often susceptible to the impact of effective advertising campaigns, in addition to traditional media, also in new online media, including on social media portals, where viral marketing is widely used.
Often in advertising campaigns, specific products and services are presented as unique, innovative or having such features as opposed to the substitutional offer of competition.
The message that is not always formulated in the advertising campaign is truthful, but some consumers may receive such a message as objective and this translates into an increase in the sale of a specific, effectively advertised assortment.
Do you agree with my opinion?
The problems of the analysis of information contained on social media portals for marketing purposes are described in the publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
I'm currently doing my MA in Media Studies, looking at representations of masculinities in a popular South African television series. I understand that Stuart Hall is integral when researching representation but I'm looking for more contemporary prominent theorists in this field. Any assistance would be much appreciated.
I prepared "self-assembling peptide" nanoparticles. these NPs are supposed to use through "S.C injection". Now, I want to study their stability in cell culture media but I don't know which kind of media I should use among RPMI, DMEM, OPTIMEM, HBSS and etc. what factors I should consider when I want to select a media for stability studies?
Can anyone help me to select a phd thesis topic,i m feeling tottaly blind today,myn intrest is in politicis,i am starting my doctoral thesis in media studies
What is the basic difference.
Media education is very important in my country.
It mainly concerns such fields of study as media studies, journalism, new media on the Internet, security of information transfer on the Internet, internet marketing, new media including social media portals, information processing in Big Data database systems, etc.
In my country, the development of services based on teleinformatics and new media is considered an important factor in the development of a modern knowledge-based economy. In addition, the development of services based on teleinformatics and new media is also considered one of the main determinants of the current fourth technological revolution referred to as Industry 4.0.
In view of the above, the current question is: The importance of new online media and education on these media in the modern economy?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
As i am studying anti fungal activities on PDA media, however, penicillium species are not growing fast on this media.Hence, i need another media which support rapid growth of Penicillium species when grown in dual culture with antagonist
Have anyone had any luck using any IGF-1 ELISA kits across species? We're looking to test IGF-1 levels in fetal bovine serum, and I can't find a bovine IGF kit. Also, we'd like to test levels in cell culture supernatants from equine MSCs potentially supplemented with human IGF-1. Would be great if one kit could detect bovine, equine and human.
Serum-free media studies are fun!
I have a bunch of data from focus groups partially written into articles, and written into reports for the parties that financed it. Now, I want to publish as articles. What academic Journals in the fields of economics, media studies, marketing, etc will accept articles based on only interview data?
It is known that phenol red mimics the action of some steroid hormones, particularly estrogen. What is the impact of using media with phenol red on the results of breast or ovarian cancer cells concerning cell growth, viability and proteins expression assays? has anyone noticed any difference in results when compared with media without phenol red?
Worldbuilding has become a topic of interest in many fields. Literature, media studies, game studies are addressing it as a creative process. Social sciences are reflecting on how it relates to the construction of political possibilities. In your opinion, what are the best works bridging these two perspectives on Worldbuilding?
Applying the 3 approaches of media studies i.e. sociological, political economy or cultural...we need to make a movie review ...
if I am to take the imagery aspect, which theory should I be using?
Is anyone aware of studies which discuss how parenthood is represented in media / popular press? I'm particularly interested in studies which have their focus on media representations of parenthood and children's / parent's use of digital technologies (i.e. how parents smartphone use is discussed in media).
Looking for comments on using semiotics to analyse YouTube text (specifically UGC videos).
Convergence approach is viewed evermore as an approach to be adopted in scientific research. The life sciences, physical sciences, Engineering, culture & media studies seem to have made major advances with convergence approach. What need the social sciences to do to get out of their departmental ghettos and work in partnership with others? Produce research papers with co-authorship, or use citations from other areas in one's research? In historiography would be necessary to work more along the view of connected histories?
I am looking for the origin of a trident that the Devil holds in his hand, as it is often drawn in illustrations. They say that it comes from the trident of Poseidon in Greek myths, but since when has the Devil been represented with it?
I am thinking of doing a symptomatic interpretation of Big Hero 6 using the contextualist and generic approaches in film theory, but I am not sure if this is the best methodology for my project. Does anyone have any thoughts on this (possible problems, etc.) and how well this approach would lend to a discussion of the film's meaning?
Additionally, I'm curious as to how other researchers have analyzed animation films and determined meaning/what the film tells about the concerns of modern society. Please share if you have any examples!
Thank you very much for your help!
How is the information collected through "newspapers" considered in terms of authenticity in research?
I observe that we watch in landscape (Cinema screens, Television and PowerPoint presentations) while we read in portrait (Newspapers, Magazine and Journal Publications). Any empirical proof please?
Media can be used in almost any discipline to enhance learning, both in class, and also for out-of-class assignments. Short film and television clips, written articles, and blog postings can be viewed to reinforce concepts and spark discussion. Songs and music videos, especially when the lyrics are made available, can be used to the same effect.
Good to get connected for knowledge sharing. I'm a academician and film maker. Would be great any of the scholars can mail me the syllabus copy of visual media education/ film training model or syllabus/ pedagogy of the course . That would be a lot of help in getting the reference of International syllabus. Regards, Prashanth Gururaj Malur
I am interested in reading materials relevant to the idea that the camera can be thought of as an extension of the body. I have been reading materials by McLuhan and watching films by Cronenberg. Any suggestions for other areas to explore would be greatly appreciated.
I am now an MA student in the Media Studies program at The New School in NYC. My question is pertinent to a possible topic for my Masters thesis.
I'm looking for such papers to help contextualize and develop my proposed research method to answer the following working research question:
Through a comprehensive semiotic analysis of Big Hero 6 that situates the film’s tropes, signs and symbols in the context of relevant canons such as Disney/Pixar/Marvel films and the superhero/science-fiction/children’s entertainment/anime genres, how do various critical readings of Big Hero 6 explain its current cultural significance?
Links to such papers would be most appreciated. I'm especially looking for films that fit the genres listed in my question. Any help would be gratefully received. If you'd like to comment/ask me about my research, that would be great as well!
I've seen a few pieces out there, but am looking for peer-reviewed research that will help me to provide an overview of 21st century news media issues and challenges. I'd also appreciate any feedback on building data sets that account for shifts in news production. Thanks.
Image of women in the media.
I'm looking for examples where social representations embodied in visual cultural products were studied. I found very few examples. Does anyone know some work that help me to study social representations in images? Is someone doing a research of this kind?
One common way in which information goes viral through Web 2.0 media is through infographics. I am looking for research that addresses representational differences in statistics, with a specific focus on infographics that use multiple representational forms.
I also want to find research involving viral media learning, including interaction between knowledge, beliefs and identity.
Most media choice approaches come from computer and communications sciences. I would like to know approaches, theories and frameworks which match learning processes and media types. Do you know any?
I am preparing a doctoral research proposal focusing on the transformation of a state owned media organization into a partially privatized company where the public acquired 47% shares after government sold on the stock exchange through rights issue. Government retains 53% ownership. However most of the literature on the transformation of state owned media refers to other mechanisms such as full privatization or private-public partnerships. Does anyone know where such partial privatization of state media has occurred other than in Uganda?
Gannett Tuesday became the latest media company to separate its publishing assets, which include USA Today, from broadcast and digital businesses. The move is the latest in a string of similar actions by the likes of Time Warner TWX +2.24% and News Corp NWSA +0.85%., which have both separated slow-growing print segments from more profitable television divisions.
I am going to research Al Jazeera English and Arabic to see if and how their coverage of the Arab Spring differs.
The periphery from mainland India Assam has several diverse and rich languages among various ethnic communities. Many upcoming film makers made films and videos projecting their aspirations and thinking in local vernacular languages. But they get less attention from national media and also audiences in comparison to power languages such as English and even Hindi.
Also what are the differences between the two and the different implications each have?
I am interested in analysing the importance of media literacy in arab soap operas, specifically looking at the arab soap operas (including turkish dubbed in colloqial arabic) that are broadcasting in the lebanese TV screens).
Because of no limits or real understanding of limits in Media, world is changing into a virtual and actual disaster. There are positive effects also but the disaster is greater. Views please.
Hollywood & Bollywood are doing the same.
I am not sure about this phenomenon.
The general perception of most journalists is that in Freedom of Media there is no restriction. My belief is different in this regard. Want views of the Mass Media researchers here.
How to relate media with religion?
I am a PhD student and still new in qualitative research. My research is about to explore how Muslim media magazines in the UK visually represents British Muslim women. I will conduct visual analysis of women images in two magazines and will embark to focus group analysis to have their reception.
Why are most English documentaries in a British acccent although producers/channels are American? Does it sound more scientific?