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How can the development of new online media improve communication between collaborating researchers on an international scale?
The involvement of Internet information technologies, new media for the development of international contacts between scientists improves the logistics of information flow, but does not ensure success in this international cooperation. Online new information media are just a tool that can be used in a variety of ways. Even if Internet technologies of new media are effectively used and advanced information processing technologies are developed, ie typical of the current Industry 4.0 technological revolution, it is still not possible to eliminate all negative aspects, threats and risks resulting from the growing involvement of new online news media to information activities, marketing, research, business and other.
For example, it is not possible to completely eliminate the risk of information transfer on the Internet, including information frauds and deliberate manipulation of information posted on internet information portals and social media portals, information transfer via e-mail etc. carried out by hackers and cybercriminals that break into IT systems of institutions public, financial and business, intercepting and stealing information, making financial embezzlement after hacking into online banking systems.
The most important determinant of the development of international contacts between scientists and researchers are people, their needs in establishing and developing international research teams, including the awareness of the possibility of creating added value, understanding and respect for other cultures and systems of the organization, the need for internationalization of previously determined locally and nationally developed research topics, etc.
On the other hand, social media portals operate as part of the development of new online media. Some information and / or social media portals enable communication between scientists and offer specific information services profiled on scientific issues, research, etc. One of such websites is the Research Gate portal.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can the development of new online media improve communication between collaborating researchers on an international scale?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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ICT tools are mainly used by researchers for its ability to ease knowledge-gathering process, easy communication, and to enhance resource-development. ... The use of ICT is based on the individual's logical assessment of how various applications increase his/her effectiveness and efficiency in work and provide ease in communication with collaborators. https://www.ukessays.com/essays/information-technology/role-of-ict-in-research-information-technology-essay.php
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the use of raw water and reuse of wastwater depend on sand filter efficiency and number of layers and age of use as sand filter becomes older the biofilms may be enter the media as effective player on the quality of produced water. to investigate this phenomena a biologyical test may be needed, if this happen how can we treat this situation without change the filter media????
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I think you need a test in the lab and study the results.
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how is gender and cinema for phd?
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I think, your results would greatly drpend on methodology. Just elaborate rigorously, what are the selection criteria? What is the ligic behind selecting certain films?
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Do you think that the new media coverage increases the objectivity of the media and information provided to the public?
However, in recent years, on the basis of the development of behavioral economics, there are more and more data and results of research carried out, that unfortunately there are many examples suggesting the irrationality of some economic decisions.
Often, consumers make unnecessary purchases based on an efficiently carried out advertising campaign for products or services.
Perhaps consumers are more and more often susceptible to the impact of effective advertising campaigns, in addition to traditional media, also in new online media, including on social media portals, where viral marketing is widely used.
Often in advertising campaigns, specific products and services are presented as unique, innovative or having such features as opposed to the substitutional offer of competition.
The message that is not always formulated in the advertising campaign is truthful, but some consumers may receive such a message as objective and this translates into an increase in the sale of a specific, effectively advertised assortment.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
The problems of the analysis of information contained on social media portals for marketing purposes are described in the publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Abdelmohsen Hamed Okela I agree with you, but on the accounts of independent journalists on social media you can find objectivity, You can read more about the objectivity of independent journalists and freelance journalism objectivity.
regards
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see question above
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Deficits in face to face interaction have been associated with autism and schizophrenia, due to the malfunction of mirror neurons. Regarding autism is
and regarding enfacement illusion in schizophrenia is A basic philosophical discussion on the issue of facial imagery and its power is Gallese's article The subconscious’ grammar before written & verbal language are images (Frog, 2015, established this in Mythology in Cultural Practice A Methodological Framework for Historical Analysis https://www.academia.edu/14636448/Mythology_in_Cultural_Practice_A_Methodological_Framework_for_Historical_Analysis ). I established a predictive theory of visual organization for cognitive archaeology, with applications in psychological warfare (Stein, 2017), though Gallese poetically presents this as an aesthetic discussion. Most importantly, Gallese brings up the Cartesian Dualism problem, how can images exceed the sum of the parts of the brain involved in processing them. According to Carlo Severi (2007, Chimera Principle), images in themselves have moral agency informing our selection of actions, as if we were furniture for images to occupy (Ian Stevenson, MD, Vol. II Etiology & Biology, 1997, p. 2090), yet images aren’t reducible to, nor limited by, our material substance. In a sense, this is part of a long discussion towards eventual censorship of what images are harmful if they occupy our brain like a piece of furniture, as it has been understood since the 1960's Albert Bandura studies that violence is most easily learned visually, and which images we wish to influence us positively. An example of images projecting Gallese's discussion of the hand effect, with possible correlations with sign language, are in Cognitive Archaeology Ch.5 Uomini on prehistoric 'handedness' in language as a cognitive style & Ch. 9 Pelegrin on early hand tool making at https://cognitivearchaeologyblog.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/wynn-t-2009-cognitive_archaeology_and_human_evolution.pdf
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Can anyone help me to select a phd thesis topic,i m feeling tottaly blind today,myn intrest is in politicis,i am starting my doctoral thesis in media studies
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Medium Communication.
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How do government policy makers and social planners account for the possibility of bringing about the opposite result to what they desire?
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Good question and informative answers thank you all!
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Hi! I was wondering if you investigate on the topic of social media effectiveness (do NPO evaluate their social media actions? If yes, how?) ? Thankyo
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Thank you for your help.
Kind regards,
Esther Furrer
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Social media (networks) are massively addictive. Most people I know check and interact on social sites constantly throughout the day. And they have no idea how much actual time they spend on social media.
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I am examining how a digital multi-platform enhances audience engagement with news and the extent they can hold public officials to account. I am looking towards reviewing user comments on a Television website for a period of one year. My analyses will focus on users' comments on news event and how news users have provided additional public issues that help the television's public service investigations. At the moment I am still struggling with the right methodology for this project. I'm pleased to welcome suggestions from experts on this platform. 
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Hello Emmanuel,
Regards,
Tania
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I am currently working on applying Hallin and Mancini  models of media and politics to South Asia. Could you guide me to the existing body of work related to this topic?
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Extremely grateful.
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In last two decades, mass media aggressively came into existence in Nepal where increasing number of health and medical related publications (news, features, advertisement etc.) are being published. It is proven that access of information help to change behaviour but mass media health contents are criticized for its quality and its presentation. please favor me to get research activities related to mass media effect on health seeking behaviour.
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At the University of Amsterdam, there is an entire department looking into health communication on this level, including but not limited to help seeking behavior for the masses, ethnic minorities and the miscommunication / misconceptions people have about the help they seek. 
Also look at the theory of planned behavior of Azjen and the article:
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How does a writer develop stories and show their culture?
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The content of T. V, dramas in Developed countries are based on consumerism. problems due to affluence, imagination and ahead of basic realities of life but The content of T. V, dramas in Developing countries are based on  problems related to deficiencies. relations and struggle of existence
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So i have heard that bacteria release toxins to the media and can retard cell growth, but i don't know how exactly it affect the cells and what changes can occur... is it by changing the pH of the media?? can it cause oxidative stress to the cells?? will that affect the enzymes like gsh, catalase, sod, etc.?? and does the use of antibiotics in media affect the cells?? if so, how and why??
thank you in advance
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Thank You for giving your time and providing articles, i will read them Dr.Beatrice
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Typology of media effects
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Have you tried reading Marshall McLuhan's Laws of Media? I think the standard 4 quadrant of McLuhan's perspectives could be used to derive your typology of media effects.
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I am working on emotional appeals in advertisement and it will be nice to get your thoughts and opinions about what I describe as media and emotional appeal channels.
I consider emotional appeals as creative decisions made by the advertisers to make the advertisements very appealing, for example, the couple holding hands and smiling as they get their mortgage from a bank or the young girl running by the sea side being happy going on holiday. IMAGES, TEXT and COLOURS of the adverts are what I describe as channel of emotional appeals, these graphics elements are used to arouse the viewer’s emotion.
On the other hand, I have considered TELEVISONS, NEWSPAPERS and RADIO as media channels. These channels are used to distribute various media, including advertisements (laden with emotional appeals).
I will also like to point out that the emotional channel varies depending on the media channel being used for the advertisements, for example, the SOUNDTRACK on a TV advert is considered an emotional appeal channel, as some individuals may find the song very emotional which might not be applicable to newspaper, or images as emotional appeal channel not applicable on radio.
Will appreciate your thoughts on these issues or reference to any existing works out there I can read. In summary, Emotional Appeal Channels: images, soundtrack, colours, and advertisement size etc. while media channels are TV, Radio, and Magazine etc.
Thank you.
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A wise advertiser must have a reasonable knowledge of the his target market and therefore be wise enough to balance all the required elements proportionately. His aim is to catch thier attention and propel them to buy the product or idea he is elling
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Gender construction and role identification is dependent on a media gender model.
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Media presents what the viewers want to watch. The roles often resemble traditional stereotypes or real characters that exist in the society. Once on air, such roles get reinforced and the masses justify their traditional roles with reference to media programs. Media does not show genders in reverse roles because the audience won't like it. The audience, on the other, watch roles of genders in other cultures and might change their roles which they think suit them in their own society.
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When people hear about a new and unfamiliar issue that appears sufficiently interesting, they may spend extra energy on understanding this issue and forming an opinion. This is likely to affect their interpretation of later stories about the same issue.
The literature on media effects theory often states that it is difficult to change people's preformed opinions. However, these resistant opinions must have been formed at some previous occasion - most likely the first time the person has heard about the particular issue. We can assume that the person forms a cognitive schema of the issue based on the frame-setting of the first story they hear about this issue. If this theory is right, then there should be a very strong framing effect for new issues and a weak framing effect for issues that the person is already familiar with.
However, I can hardly find anything about this in the voluminous literature on media effects. I can't even find a name for this long-term effect of first-time framing. The term priming is explicitly defined as a short-term effect. So my question is: Is there a name for the first-time effect of framing and cognitive schema building? And is there any literature about it?
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I believe you're certainly on to something here. I wonder whether we're looking in the wrong place - perhaps looking at the literature on the emergence of new issues may be one way (like e.g. horizon scanning, futures etc..); otherwise, how about the oscillatory nature of issue attention cycles, as by Nisbet & Huge, Attention cycles and frames in the plant biotechnology debate - doi: 10.1177/1081180X06286701 , where you have at least some temporal thinking on all this, but you're right, haven't come across a word for the initial effect either, unless one would call it "creativity". Best, Johan
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I am intresting what is the current trend in the media which report it (especially iranian media), and how you see it. Is it possible to estimate how the failure of talks in november 2014 affected in the iranian public perception of this topic.
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P5+1 is often referred to as the E3+3 (or E3/EU+3) by European countries.
I think they can not solve 5+1=3+3=6 !
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I am working on my doctoral thesis regarding social media effects on political participation. I think about doing a empirical study. I figure out some indpendent variables, i.e., politically use of socia media (searching for news, participating political conversation with others online, online social networking size), also some mediators, i.e., political interest, political efficacy, and dependent variable as political partipation online and offline.
I decided to design some questions measuring the political participation in China. But I can not. I red Political Participation in Beijing by Tianjian Shi and I am still confused somehow. Can anyone recommed some books or papers?
Thanks.
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Hi;
Maybe you can get some help out from our attached article.
Best,
Erik Amnå
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I am conducting a study on effects of exposure to media on public perception. I will do content analysis of media program to know the nature of coverage to the issue and I will use questionnaire with likert type scales to record the public perception about the same issue. What kind of statistical analysis will be appropriate to compare the public perception and media coverage of the issue?
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There are basically two types of statistics: descriptive statistics such as percentages and distributions, and inferential statistics where you test hypotheses with probabilities.
Do you have any hypotheses other than the most general one that there will be some difference between the two sources?
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If a community has a special interest in the movies, songs, news and culture of a particular foreign culture portrayed in its media, it may have a strong impact on that community.
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It is a given that foreign media and their foreign language would naturally influence the culture and language of their  host nations. However, this influence is predicated on prolonged exposure and assimilation.
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Image of women in the media.
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I find this question to be too broad and yet it extremely important because of the nature of the issue it raises. In the background, it is vital to know that the world is made of many different races. Some races are almost synonymous with some cultures or religions. At the same times, race studies are quite as complex as the races themselves are. The influence stems from the news events in society of all races. There are also internal racial variations associated with dialect, attitude, and behaviour
     I am aware that, races have been variously named to include: Africans, blacks, whites, Jews, Asians, Arabs, coloureds, and Native Americans (Red Indians). Women are represented in their roles, situations, and status. For example in: politics, games and sports, performing arts, management, religions, cultures, conflicts, education, science, business, development, and careers.
     The media are not always homogeneous as some people might think. They are usually driven by their primary investment policies and they are first and foremost, accountable to the governments, if state owned, or to the board of directors, trusts, or governors, if privately owned.
     Race influence may negatively, positively, superficially, or controversially portray women in media. For example, in countries where women are forbidden from taking part in some activities such as: games and sports, driving, marriage to foreign husbands or partners, shaking hands with men, drinking wine or beer, proposing to men, or dressing as they choose; such women will receive damaging media coverage.
     These may originally be given prominence in national news and later become international news by international broadcasters or publishers like the BBC (UK), VOA (USA), CNN (USA), Aljazeera (Saudi Arabia), RFI (France), VOG (Germany), SBC (South Africa), RAI (Italy), ABC (Australia), CBC (Canada); The New York Times, The Age, Washington Post, the Guardian, and The Times Magazine. In most cases, women are presented more as women and less as their status indicate because this would naturally be more appealing to the male audience than otherwise.
     In addition to the above background, it is also advisable to know something about the media industry generally. The mainstream media are normally identified as the print media or publications (newspapers, magazines) and electronic media (radio, television). The media industry is essentially a business which thrives on advertising revenues which in turn must hook up the audience. The audience are made of races.
     These (mainstream media) normally operate at national, regional, or international levels. They are both state owned and private. The mainstream media is a term which normally excludes the community media and social media as well. It is known that women issues or images sell very well because they are crowd-pullers.
     It is amazing and perplexing how contradictory or similar different races perceive women and these are reflected in the local (community) media and the mainstream media as well. Part of the explanation is that, the main media is feed by the local media or the local reporters or news sources. Our race colour our world outlook.
     For example, the following conflicting vocabularies are used by different races in the world to describe the behaviour or status women in the society: careful, sensible, organized, fearful, careless, scandalous, voiceless, thoughtless, cowards, sexy, good, important, afraid, valuable, immoral, tough, easy going, gossipers, welcoming, intimate, disorderly, trusted, partners, comrades, allies, stable, tolerant, forgiving, hard working, troublesome, noisy, prey, charming, unclean, comfort, patient, courageous, peaceful, traitors, pilots, dangerous, reliable, right hands, foundation, and soul mates. These are usually picked by the media as direct quotes or sound bites.
     In races where the societal roles of women are accepted, respected, and recognized wives, mothers, beauty queens, or beauty items; this practice continues. Besides, the media are the vehicles for agenda setting, priming, and framing certain issues. It is known that the media also guided by the social responsibility theory of the press.
      Accordingly, the media has a duty to the society to set high professional standards of in formativeness, truth, professional competence, accuracy, objectivity, and balance. In addition, it should refrain from anything that may cause crime, violence, civil disorder, or offend the minorities. These set the standards of media coverage. 
     One of my immediate responses to this question is that, it not race but the media house policy that determines that influence of representation of women in the mainstream media. Racial influence or elements is enhanced or promoted by the specific media policy. We know that a negative racial remark, picture, publication, or gesture; may be a crime against humanity and hence, against the women folks.
     I think today, any national or international newspapers, radio, or TV stations which represent demeaning image of women in a racial light, directly or by innuendo (implication); will do so against national laws, constitutions, or international human rights conventions or protocols. Influence of race has both positives and negatives.
     Except in special circumstances like conflicts, crimes, and scandals where women are clearly involved, most mainstream media coverage of women are favourable. The following tones apply: beautiful, courage, victims, successful, dishonest, enduring, weaker sex, wives, family, clever, stars, flowers, mothers, fair sex, friendly, lovely, serious, honest, forgiving, teachers, smart, amiable, loves, queens, brilliant, devoted, spiritual, gentle, comfort, sex objects, life, energy, labour,  kind, valuables, managers.
     This does not in any way mean that the race influences representation of women in the mainstream media. Far from it, it happens even more frequently today. The main reason is that, the media are the sources of news or features they cover and air or publish. Race influence is a natural phenomenon. The type, nature, tone, attitude, and magnitude of the influence are inherent in or typical of the race in question. To a certain extent, it also depends on the policy of the media house or national policy.
     The influence varies from race to race and the composition of race in the media houses contributing to the mainstream media coverage. The influence also depends on the gender composition of the newsroom staff (from reporters, sub-editors, editors, trainers, and managers) and the percentage of women ownership of media houses.
     The latest (men on men) racial attack emerged on 27 December 2014. The North Korean president (Kim Jong Un) hurled a predawn personal attack on the USA president (Barak Obama), likening him to a monkey in a forest. It would have been  more interesting if the subject to him was a woman, in a country where reports say women are not equal to men in any sphere of life except in the kitchen or at home.
    It is known that women representation is a mixed bag of sexism (sex objects), gender bias, and trivialisation, exaggeration of achievements, prejudices, stereotypes, objectivity, commercial comodification, or beauty queens. The media are usually the mirrors of the society. The sources of media coverage are part and parcel of the society.The society itself is made races which also have their own history or tradition.
     At the same time race has multiple dynamics and dimensions which include: intra-race, inter-race, multi-inter-race, and multiple race-alliances. Each of these perceives women, their roles, values, and rights quite differently. There are also extremists, moderates, and conservatives. Most of these attributes are also inherent in the mainstream media especially in some national and regional mainstream media.
     Some see women as equal partners in everything, others see women folks as objects of admirations and beauty queens, but some races consider women to be inferior, valueless, at the level of slaves especially sex slaves and beasts of burden.
     All these representation or misrepresentation issues are mainly influenced by racial background of the perpetuators. The chief culprits would be the media houses.
     This is a see-saw situation because while racial extremism can be contained by professionalism and code of conduct (ethical practice) by media; what is on the ground regarding racism is objectively increasingly taking place in many societies. In some cases, it is perpetuated by some of the notorious world leaders against women.
     In all cases, media representation are framed by gatekeepers such reporters, editors, and publishers. The reporters or journalists (the legs of the media houses) rely on their news sources from the scenes of the events. The background to this process is that, all actors in the community belong to their racial perspective of women.
     In some cases, the sources of the main stories are the social media (networks) from the locations where the women are found. When these local stories (news) are transmitted to the mainstream media houses (radio, television, newspapers, and magazines); they have to be well edited and run or published accordingly.
      New challenges have come about because of the speed of inter-cultural integration through cross-education, immigrations, marriages, networking, social media, women emancipation, human rights and democratic freedoms, women communicators, and class representation. These have made women representation in the mainstream media to become more permanent than opportunistic these days.
     The priming, agenda setting, framing, and social responsibility of the mainstream press (media) are becoming more presented by women media practitioners who now interact better with other women in politics, games and sports, music, education, communities, security, military, faith, agriculture, banking, science, and commerce.
     Some women have themselves been complacent with the media representations that limit women’s values to aesthetic feminism and traditional gender attractions. This could possibly be attributed to the status of women as a product of the society where they were brought up. The media which are the mirrors of the society is always aware of this and hence, their interests in portraying women to their audience.
     In some races, women are trusted more than men especially on the issues of integrity, details, care, and performance effectiveness. This influence may not be noticed by the same race whose culture perpetuates the attitudes that women are inferior to men (because they are women).This may be done in good faith because of the cultural history which is also deeply rooted in the history of the race in question.
     Some women appreciate the natural and popular practice gender inequality form the point of view of a fair sex. In addition, some women see their femininity admired beauty by men as an end in itself and therefore welcome any media representation that enhances it. The women themselves are part of the race we are discussing.
     Besides, among some races, women and men are aware that media representation of women is done in good faith because it is obvious that men use their senses to do the right thinks or make the right moves in social relations with women at all times.
     On the other hand, media representations which are false or of propaganda nature may be identified or known as such. At the same time, media representations of women have matured with cultural changes and globalization (the media have now given women unlimited space and time to present their own issues by themselves).
     From the point of view of the majority of men or males (of all categories or classes), women are always seen as women first, and then their status or issues. This appears to be a natural tendency in almost all the societies in the world. Such may usually be manifested through discussions in various social fora or programs.
     There is a general feeling that women were created or exist for men and not vice versa. As a result, men would seem to think that women are automatically accountable to them regardless of the objective and visible realities surrounding their (women’s) true human, productive, reproductive, and professional values.
      Most societies even think that the children that women bear always belong to men. It is almost impossible to identify a man who does not think that a woman’s sexuality is the most important or valuable think about any woman on earth not withstanding her societal status. This misperception is often covered by the media.
      This is because most men (top consumers of the mainstream media services and products) find the natural attraction of women inevitably irresistible. This feeling does seem to be part of the reasons for the media (usually dominated by men) to light up the screens, air, or pages with women issues.  Besides, women issues are quite real, critical, and human; such as: social, economic, environment, and political.
      Not only in the media, but also in other male dominated for a such: parliament, cabinet, universities, games and sports, army or military, police, schools, music, dance, and drama, communities, homes or families, institutions, companies, within media houses, hospitals, business, politics, and workplaces.
     Race has influence on our world outlook of all things including gender issues or gender relationships [gender roles of women, girls, wives, mothers, sisters, daughters, aunts, widows] as assigned by the society they grew up. Some women have reached a level of racial defiance regarding their representation in the main stream media.
     For example, very many women with outstanding national, regional, and international performance traits have become success stories in the mainstream media. Women with enduring achievements have often been objectively covered.
     These include women top politicians, laureates, pop stars, and sport personalities like: Bandaranaike (Sri-Lankan ex-premier), Indira Ghandi (late Indian premier), Bhutto Begum (Bangladeshi ex-premier), and Sheikh Hasina (Bangladeshi premier), Helen Johnson (Liberian president), Joyce Banda (Malawian ex-president), Rodham Clinton and Condoleezza Rice (USA ex-secretaries of state), Corazon Aquino (Thailand ex-premier), Imelda Marcos ( Philippines ex-president), Margret Thatcher (British ex-premier), Bruntland (Norwegian ex-premier), Wa’ngari Mathai (Kenyan ex-environmental campaign laureate), Malala Yousafzai (Pakistani girls’ education campaign laureate), Madonna (USA music pop star), Bhuto (Pakistani ex-premier), Williams and Venus (USA tennis sports stars), Angela Merkel (German chancellor), Steffi Graff (German ex-tennis sports star), Dilma Rousseff (Brazilian president), and Mary Robinson (Irish ex-premier).
     All these women and many millions of others have come to treated on their own personal merits regarding their contributions or status in the society. But this does not mean that they did have to endure the influence of race in the media because as far as most men are concerned, women are always women regardless. The influence of race on media representation of women remains permanent. There are no substitutes for women, according to this point of view. The mainstream media itself feeds heavily on the alternative media. The influence is therefore quite real, frequent, widespread, and so far, very sustainable.
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Support your answer with arguments if yes how and if no how?
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I have always wondered why this idea of "third world countries" and "a third world culture" have become thought of as a homogenious intercontenential culture? When in-fact there are many cultures, diverse peoples, ideas, and landscapes.
Secondly from those who have used that term in my presence there is a sense of romanticism,   
As far as I can tell the term "third world" has two originans, one economic and one derogatory. So whenever I hear the term I always wonder in which context is the word used in.
Last, the word interculturalism. This word to I have the same questions as to the context the speaker is using it in. It appears to me that an idea of culture having not already been affected by other cultures, intermingling, and modernization is a naive. Could it be a hope by some that we have not exported the inhuman way we act toward ourselves and others as "first and second worlds"?
To answer the question directly, death and exploitation.
Douglas
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Hello,
I usually keep my liquid media Luria Broth, YPD and YES in laminar air flow (LAF), after my work is done. So while I sterilise LAF with U.V light, does it effect my media?
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As answered by previous guys, yes UV may affect the medium composition. just one short example: yeast media are frequently containing tryptophane (added in some synthetic media or included in the powders in rich one). Tryptophane will react with string UVs to gives tryptophan dimers with two cosnequences: the tryptophane concentration of the culture medium will decrease, and the tryptophane dimers are toxic for yeast cells. SO, Yaseen take care !
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Dear Attia Zulfiqar,
I do not know of a study that deals with stationary cartoons (for example Charles Schultz's Charlie Brown) or animated cartoons (for example Tom and Jerry as was mentioned by Sunitha Gandhavalla Ganiger above).
Further, a great many people would become angry if I were to conflate animated cartoons with computer games, so, I must not do that. However, I would like to suggest that the work of Anita Sarkeesian in the domain of computer games in some ways appears to parallel your question. As far as I know, Sarkeesian's work is intended to serve the gaming community, which includes developers and players, and she has not published her research yet in any academic journal. (Please correct me if I am wrong and provide the references!) Perhaps she is keeping her data private until she publishes it in some number of articles or as one selection from a number of possible research problems for a dissertation.
From the anger and the praise her work has attracted, I think that there is little doubt that her question, like yours, is an important one. Until Sarkeesian publishes her work, perhaps one way to answer your question would be to search for themes and "Likes" and "Dislikes" (is there such a thing as a "dislike"?) in social media around her video reviews as a way to quantify the answer to her question, which would perhaps parallel the answer to yours.
Here is her web page. I believe that this has links to her YouTube channel
I was fortunate to hear her 2012 talk at TEDxWomen and meet her briefly afterwards. I recommend the talk as background information http://www.tedxwomen.org/
Good luck with your research.
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See above
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My response to the question if the media mirrors or constructs reality is that they (the media) do both in different contexts. The concept of reality is personall to the individuals concerned. For example, my reality is not the same as your reality.One of the main reasons is that reality is a social social construct as opposed to truth or facts in some cases.
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It is evident that in the last few years death through the media is displayed like something banal and/or sensational. Some deaths are publicized banal, and some sensational. Therefore, all deaths are not the same. Media is changing practice of displaying and understanding of death.
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The media have a different approach to death based usually on a value system relating to the person's life. Some individuals are considered more worthy of life than others so the portrayal of their death is liked to this. Like all other stories in the media it has to fit certain news frameworks and in a large part of the media submit to populist views.
This results in some deaths being treated with mawkish sentimentality and faux grief while other are virtually celebrated as deserved. The first variant was most obviously seen in the hideously exaggerated press coverage of the accidental death of the late Princess of Wales. The latter being the triumphalism that accompanied the death of Osama Bin Laden at the hands of US Special Forces.
In Britain we have a special category reserved for those who have died of cancer. We use military analogies and war metaphors to describe their 'brave fight' against the disease and refer to them as having 'lost their battle' against cancer.
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It has been observed that there is a kind of race in the news media to expose everything even not newsworthy and most of the time this results in humiliation and disrespect to a country at National and International level. One of the examples regarding these issues which are highlighted on Media is Immoral activities in public or an indecent which is taking place at any corner of a region. Does freedom of media mean to expose anything without considering the impact of that news?
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Today all of us are living in a media age. we are loaded with news and information every time. Hot news or breaking news, some are local news, some are sports, some crime and war and that list goes on and on are being broad casted by the news channel. But one can raise a complaint against any such fraud News. One can file a complaint to the News Broadcasters Association (NBA), who will check about any such issue and if found wrong/guilty appropriate action will be taken.
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Scenes related to the physical space in dramas
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agreed qurratulann there is strong shift in perception of physical space in Pakistani dramas but comparison is little bit difficult as old dramas were broadcast on state channels. but we can compare both old and new dramas on state channel and then can observe any change in physical space factor influencing cultural values.
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It seems to me that on television and in the movies the final way to resolve a problem for women is to use violence (even in the cartoon movies for children like Shrek 2, the women resort to violence to take over the kingdom). Also, after a woman meets a man she likes, the next scene usually shows her in bed with him. I was wondering if anyone has done any quantitative research in this area. My doctorate is in Information Systems and Communications.
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There is a wonderful DVD now in its fourth update named "Killing Us Softly" with Jean Kilbourne, gender studies/media analyst. I use it frequently in class when students conduct a visual image analysis from print or online media. I want them to use advertisements so that they gain experience in analysis of everything from clothes to postures to colors. Kilbourne's DVD covers ads from the 1950s to the present. Some of the older DVD's are good for a comparison/contrast to the views in today's media. Students can analyze whether today's so-called "independent" woman is all that different from the earlier "June Cleaver," happy housewife version. As Attia has noted, "males are still dominating" whether in TV, movies, or ads. It is a rare ad that puts the woman strongly prominent--except in a few women's magazines and even there the ad will be for perfume, hair products, etc. In magazines aimed at the general public, the woman's image is most often cropped; she stands behind the male who is seated front and center, etc.
Aysha Bey
University of Alabama at Birmingham
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Do parents really care about what their children are watching?
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Dear Attia!
Questions measuring the awareness level can be designed in a questionnaire. Awareness level further needs to be broken as per your queries.
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Please share your opinion. I am in the midst of making a research proposal. I appreciate your guidance.
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Dear Amir
I don't know whit is your Main subjuct at PG Level study.
I think that at present at your selected subject can't be accepted for Ph. D.research work. This topic not having depth for Ph.d research. But this topic may be selected for Ph. d researach work as a one topic, if you are having some exmpales of your selected topic, which involve research work.
Pl. select topic for Ph.d research work like 'Bollywood Actresses life style and its impact on life of Pakistani girl students ' ( by comparing with Urban and Rural area, Lower, middle and Higher class,and etc. )
Best regards for your Ph. D research work!
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I am asking this in perspective of peace journalism and conflict journalism.
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Media is definitely not an observer but a key player in agenda setting, whatever it may be. As for conflict situation, I think media majorly tries to play a critical role towards the government and a sensitizing role towards the people, but it sometimes creates chaos too...
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How people relate themselves with gender specific actions and reactions? Are they predetermined or based on situational reactions?
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The othering method is suitable
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Physical closeness and changing values.
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With the emergence of the private TV channels things have changed drastically atleast in the Pakistani Media scape. However, whether it is a true depiction of the change in society is questionable.
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Interested to know their role world wide
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Majority are on the wrong track as they instead of being moderators, have become debators and judges.
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What might be even worse is that even good boys or main heroes usually dont bother with law, for instance court order to put somebody in the jail. Nice example might be "Dexter" for instance.
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People intend to follow crime style.
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kids are increasingly exposed to television, movies, video games and music that often have violent themes. It also says that children exposed to violence and crime may later resolve conflict in a violent manner and may become desensitized to it. Parents and caregivers can help a child learn to live a healthy life, thereby reducing the effects that crime and violence can have on a school-age child. this reality show factor can add many new ideas which may be later in life they recall and use in the similar situation.
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Do we divide relations between state and media based on four press theories?
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Interesting question Javed Saab. Each year we try to explain to our students that there are only four main normative theories and their question is always the same. Where do we lie? Answering them with Development Communication Theory & Democratization/Democratic Participant Media Theory does not solve the problem. Looking forward to more reponses.
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Media, not as a source of relaxation but confusion about self.
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Trying to copy Indian trends..More in morning shows as reflected in expensive sets..
Aamir is right, they are trying to enforce a consumer society..
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I think framing and agenda setting theory applies here.
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The most known case is probably Watergate, although it was by means of printed newspaper. The time when TV decided not to obey former regime's censorship was probably the most decisive point in our Velvet revolution in 1989, because broadcasted information forced enough of people act similarly and in the same moment.
Otherwise it might end like some local nuissance, as it happened several times before.
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New media technologies at the same time has given freedom for accessing information any where, it also justified the concept of free flow of information to some extent but at the same time who is accessing knowledge and with what intentions is a big question mark. In addition it has also widen the gap among family member's communication and in social context too.
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Over dependency on media
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I think media has opened new avenues and emerged as a new socializing agent for children even before they start their school years. Now a days even children interact more with media then parents. There is strong need in this scenario to increase awareness of parents especially in third world countries so they can control and monitor media use of their children
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How much longer are we going to depend on the choices of India and other foreign countries?
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Yes I agree with you, Anum. I am applying for PM loan to make a animation production house. Please become my Guarantor Attia :-P
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Can any one guide me how to make questionnaire to measure the rating knowledge of the parents.
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I am not sure about this phenomenon.
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In my opinion " yes". But it necessitates ampirical (esp. logitudinal) research to test this hypothesis.
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Please suggest some areas of investigation.
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I want to to give the question a different view. I suggest that every cartoon not produced in the child's homeland may have negative influence on the futures socialization : reason here is the cartoon producers ideologies behind the actions of actors or heroes. If the children repeat the actions in their environment, there is good chance that some those action are not accepted or seen even as a taboo in the society that can cause behavior disorders ( here for I have some personal experiences ).
Therefore the parents must have a look at what their children are watching.
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Change in language patterns.
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Media develops the perception. The childhood has more chances of being molded into a particular frame of perception. Hindi language cartoons will obviously cultivate those ideas and the language deep into the early childhood
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I am interested in foreign channel broadcast in Pakistan
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the laws are there, PEMRA has worked upon that, but the irony is this that these are not being implemented at the fullest. the cable network groups are having the high margin exemption. the reason might be the weak in depth observation by the PEMRA of the street level networks. there is dire need to penetrate into the web of cable channels to regulate the transmission of the contents at whole and particularly for the children. because there is scarcity of the V-chip type setup in our society.
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I am planning to do research in this field.
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But the important point is the reasons of increase in the volume and disastrous effects of this industry should be worked on and intentions of the people behind this industry must be explored.
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I am working on final presentation on violence, writing capstone piece of work I had done on cyber aggression, bullying and violent relationships.
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I know of studies which focus on the use of 'memory' for events that took place many decades ago. I am wonderering whether there are factors I should take into consideration as I will be asking my interviewees to comment/speak on an event that took place around a decade ago.
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In both cases can be useful to use photos, objects or other kind of tools that can help the person you are interviewing to remember details (photo elicitation).
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The aim is to examine through qualitative interviewing whether the public duplicates or contests the press's articulations/reproductions on identity/nationalism etc. Any suggestions for relevant Literature within postcolonial theory?
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Yes i have plenty of literature on this topic...
Rödder, S. & Schäfer, M.S., 2010. Repercussion and resistance. An empirical study on the interrelation between science and mass media. Communications, 35, S.249–267.
Simone Rödder, Franzen, M. & Weingart, P., 2011. The Sciences’ Media Connection – Public Communication and its Repercussions, Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer.
Peters, H.P. u. a., 2008. Das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Massenmedien und die politische Relevanz öffentlicher Kommunikation über Wissenschaft am Beispiel der Biomedizin. Jülich: Forschungszentrum Jülich.
Dunwoody, S. & Peters, H.P., 1992. Mass media coverage of technological and environmental risks: a survey of research in the United States and Germany. Public Understanding of Science, 1(2), S.199–230.
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Electronic media have negative and positive effects in societies.
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There is also an interesting work by Prof. Noemi F.. Momberger, published by Editor Memória Jurídica, on Effects of advertising over teenagers and children.
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The concept of agenda setting is fundamental in studying mass media. There is a great question if we can say that social network has amplified the universe of discussion beyond all that is treated in traditional mass media or if it is just another channel for discussing what is in broadcasting and newspapers.
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I'm not sure, if you can devide the media into traditional = elite and social media = disruption of elitism. The network science shows the mentioned influence of opinion leaders. In a case study of the New York Times journalist Robert Mackey it could be observed, that journalists often act as opinion leaders for the mainstream. They do have the feasibility and the time to collect lots of information, filter and summarize them. This very high effort is part of their job and reputation and can't be simply achieved by everyone. So couldn't it be, that indeed everyone can publish his or her opinion, but the difficulty of beeing recognized by a remarkable mass to set an agenda is still very high?