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Materials Physics - Science topic

Material physics is the use of physics to describe materials in many different ways such as force, heat, light and mechanics.
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Publications related to Materials Physics (2,630)
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Article
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The search for quantum spin liquids—topological magnets with fractionalized excitations—has been a central theme in condensed matter and materials physics. Despite numerous theoretical proposals, connecting experiment with detailed theory exhibiting a robust quantum spin liquid has remained a central challenge. Here, focusing on the strongly spin-o...
Preprint
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The combination of geometric frustration, extended hopping, spin-orbit coupling, and a disordered magnetic ground state make NaRuO$_{2}$ an attractive Heisenberg-Kitaev candidate material. Historically, NaRuO$_2$ has been a challenging material to produce, even in polycrystalline form. Here we present synthetic efforts that identify a propensity fo...
Article
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The current paper investigates through finite element analysis (FEM) procedures critical pavement responses taking into consideration material variability, pavement cross-sectional variations, and changes in moisture conditions to highlight the base layer constitutive model’s impact on expected pavement responses. To achieve this aim, initially the...
Article
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Materials Physics: Emerging Dielectric, Piezoelectric, and Ferroelectric Ceramic and Crystalline Materials and their Applications is an open Special Issue of Materials, which aims to publish original and review papers on new scientific and applied research and make great contributions to the identification and understanding of ceramic and crystalli...
Chapter
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Book title: Pyroelectric Materials: Physics and Applications Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Dielectrics: This chapter deals with the basic concepts of dielectrics, polarization of dielectrics, Dielectric relaxation, Debye relaxation, Molecular Theory of induced charges in a dielectric, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor, local field in a dielec...
Book
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Preface: Pyroelectricity was probably first observed by the Greeks more than 24 centuries ago. The philosopher Theophrastus wrote that lyngourion (most likely the mineral tourmaline) had the property of attracting straws and bits of wood. For two millennia, the peculiar properties of tourmaline were more a part of mythology than of science. In the...
Conference Paper
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This work presents a numerical study to investigate the performance of extended end plate bolted connections using SMA bolts under cyclic loading. A model is developed to implement the material constitutive relationships (non-linearity and super-elastic behavior of SMA). Outputs have been compared and verified against previous experimental data tha...
Article
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Objective Titanium (Ti) is considered bioinert and is still regarded as the “gold standard” material for dental implants. However, even ‘commercial pure’ Ti will contain minor fractions of elemental impurities. Evidence demonstrating the release of Ti ions and particles from ‘passive’ implant surfaces is increasing and has been attributed to biocor...
Article
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The first principle calculation to investigate the structural, optoelectronic, and magnetic properties of the Y2FeSi Heusler alloy (HA) using the Wien2K code has been discussed in detail in the present manuscript. To estimate the physical properties of the HA, PBE-GGA and mBJ exchange–correlation functional were applied. The electronic charge densi...
Article
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Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are being used in numerous fields owing to their intrinsic strength to weight ratio and various design benefits. However, these materials are prone to environmental aging, particularly moisture absorption. In essence, absorbed moisture infiltrates the polymer matrix and induces changes in the polymer networ...
Article
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Jesus' major assignment on earth was to introduce the kingdom of God. This he used his ministry, which includes preaching and healing his death, resurrection and ascension to achieve. His healing miracles demonstrated his authority over nature and mystical powers one cannot explain, yet they control man's life like micro-organic diseases and mental...
Article
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The interest of researchers in UHPC has increased over the past decade. It is crucial to understand the structural behavior of reinforced UHPC (R/UHPC) components under various loading conditions before they can be used as a replacement for conventional concrete. Although several studies on ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) have been conducted...
Article
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Multiferroic oxide materials have attracted much intention in recent years due to their application in different fields such as magnetic refrigeration, spintronic devices. The existence of the magnetocaloric or magnetoelectric coupling or both of them in same rare earth manganites RMnO3, where R = Y, Eu, Tb…., are considered as promising compounds...
Article
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Computing metasurfaces have shown the extraordinary ability to precisely perform optical analog operations to the input light wave, and therefore exhibit greater potentials toward sensing applications. Here, we propose a unique application of computing metasurface for chiral edge sensing by incorporating with weak-value amplification technique. The...
Article
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Studying microbes from a single-cell perspective has become a major theme and interest within the field of aquatic microbiology. One emerging trend is the unfailing observation of heterogeneity in activity levels within microbial populations. Wherever researchers have looked, intra-population variability in biochemical composition, growth rates, an...
Article
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In order to explore the evolution mechanism of water and mud inrush, based on the fluid-solid coupling similarity theory and a large number of matching tests, fault similar materials with mountain sand, gravel, and red clay as raw materials and surrounding similar rock materials with mountain sand, red clay, cement, and water as raw materials are d...
Article
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Damping performance of the plates with constrained layer damping (CLD) treatment mainly depends on the layout of CLD material and the material physical properties of the viscoelastic damping layer. This paper develops a concurrent topology optimization methodology for maximizing the modal loss factor (MLF) of plates with CLD treatment. At the macro...
Article
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The development of minimally invasive cardiac patches, either as hemostatic dressing or treating myocardial infarction, is of clinical significance but remains a major challenge. Designing such patches often requires simultaneous consideration of several material attributes, including bioabsorption, non‐toxicity, matching the mechanic properties of...
Article
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The interplay among magnetization and deformation of solids has long been an important issue in magnetism, the elucidation of which has made great progress in material physics. Controlling volume and shapes of matter is now indispensable to realizing various actuators for precision machinery and nanotechnology. Here, we show that the volume of a so...
Article
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Electron–phonon interaction (EPI) is ubiquitous in condensed matter and materials physics, and nowadays, it is possible to calculate many materials properties related to the EPI from first-principles. Here, we review the EPI effect on electrical transports of thermoelectric (TE)/electronic materials from our recent works. By using the constant EPI,...
Article
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The application of ferromagnetic steel products is pervasive in society, with important applications arising in electrical steel, oil and gas pipelines, transportation infrastructure, naval structures, aircraft landing gear, and automotive components. Magnetic properties of electrical steel materials play a key role in electrical motors and transfo...
Research Proposal
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Nanotechnology deals with materials with lengths ranging from 1 to 100 nanometers. It's defined as the study, manipulation, and control of matter at the above-mentioned lengths, so that the materials' physical, chemical, and biological properties (individual atoms, molecules, and bulk matter) can be engineered, synthesized, and changed to create th...
Article
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Refractories are mineral and chemical-, based, materials with excellent heat resistance, making them ideal for use in the construction of ovens, furnace walls industries. According to this our research is concerned to study the effect of addition of (4% CaO) and (5% graphite) on the silica brick properties. Different amounts of CaO and Graphite wer...
Article
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Background: States and societies are accelerating to achieve higher levels and levels of development, to improve the quality of life, and to promote human beings in society. Thus, development cannot be without dependence on man. He creates, directs and benefits from its income. Objective: To assess the quality of health services at the orphanage in...
Article
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This paper presented the result of a laboratory investigation to determine the properties of the material used for seawater-RHA concrete added with coal bottom ash. Seawater, rice husk ash and coal bottom ash were introduced as eco-material in concrete to totally or partially replace conventional material as an effort to introduce environmental-fri...
Article
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High-efficiency production of xylene/trimethylbenzene from benzene/toluene with methanol is a potential way to promote the implementation on the coupled cycle development strategy of petrochemical and coal chemical industry and optimize the resource structure. At the same time, relying on the innovation of catalytic new materials, physical chemistr...
Article
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This paper studied undoped tin dioxide (SnO 2), iron doped tin dioxide (FeTO), cobalt doped tin dioxide (CTO), and iron-cobalt co-doped tin dioxide (FeCTO) thin films using spray pyrolysis technique at a temperature of 480°C heated glass. The dopant concentration value was 12wt %. Whilst, the structural and optical characteristics of fabricated thi...
Thesis
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The nanotechnology industry has been in continuous progress due to the accelerated development of nano and micro fabrication technologies, which have allowed the fabrication of various nanostructured systems for different applications. The study of the mechanical properties of these systems, which are fundamental for the development of new emerging...
Book
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Nanostructured materials (NMs)- the heart of 21st century nanotechnology- are artificial materials formed as microstructures and a length scale of nanometers. NMs may be defined as those materials whose structural elements - cluster, crystal, and molecule - have dimensions of 1-100 nm range. The explosion in both academic and industrial interest in...
Article
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Landslides during the rainy season are a usual phenomenon resulting in loss of human, animal, and property and obstructing the transportation facilities of the area. Modelling is an established tool for the reliable, efficient, and feasible study of landslide mechanisms. Modelling is done by simulating the material properties and boundary condition...
Preprint
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Accurately predicting the formation energy of a compound, which describes its thermodynamic stability, is a key challenge in materials physics. Here, we employ many-body quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) with single-reference trial functions to compute the formation energy of two electronically disparate compounds, the intermetallic VPt$_2$ and the semicon...
Article
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Semi-analytical studies for the porosity action of a hollow sphere made of functionally graded piezoelectric material are presented. A semi-analytical technique for radial displacement is presented. A combination of internal and external pressures, temperature distribution, uniform hygrothermal distribution, and an electric potential variation has...
Article
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Rising urban populations, limited natural resources (following the German Federal Environmental Agency, natural resources are resources that are part of nature. They include renewable and non-renewable primary raw materials, physical spaces (surface areas), environmental media (water, soil, air), flowing resources (e.g., geothermal, wind, tidal and...
Poster
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We are now serving as editors for the Special Issue "The 2022 3rd International Conference on Materials, Physics and Computers (MPC 2022)" at Symmetry, MDPI (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/symmetry/special_issues/The_2022_3rd_International_Conference_Materials_Physics_Computers_MPC_2022). I am calling for papers submission to our conference special i...
Article
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Majorana zero modes (MZMs) have attracted tremendous attention in condensed matter and materials physics communities due to the implications in topological quantum computation. One-dimensional (1D) dimerized Kitaev chain is a prototype model for MZMs, but its realization remains a challenge in material systems. Here, we develop a distinctive approa...
Article
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Nodular cast iron has the strength and toughness which are close to steel and is widely used in industrial fields. The repair and modification of nodular cast iron based on laser cladding can effectively improve the service life, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance of parts. However, nodular cast iron cladding is prone to cracks and hole defe...
Article
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Essentially microencapsulation is a process or technique by which thin coatings can be applied reproducibly to small particles of solids, droplets of liquids, or dispersion, thus forming microcapsules. It can be differentiated readily from other coatings methods in the size of the particle involved; these range from several tenths of a micron to 50...
Article
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This article layers material, physical, and textual landscapes of the Hittite Empire in a compact borderland region. We argue that a real strength of landscape archaeology is in understanding and articulating medium-scale landscapes through archaeological survey methods and critical study of physical geography. Medium-scale landscapes are a milieu...
Thesis
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A física de materiais tem sido desenvolvida ao longo das últimas décadas com grande ajuda de simulações digitais nos supercomputadores que temos disponíveis no século atual. Porém, é certo que há conhecidos limites de até onde podem chegar essas simulações e quais sistemas somos capazes de simular em um tempo de computação eficaz. A computação quân...
Article
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Despite fast technological advances, the worldwide adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is still hampered mainly by charging time, efficiency, and lifespan. Lithium-ion batteries have become the primary source for EVs because of their high energy density and long lifetime. Currently, several methods intend to determine the health of lithium-ion batt...
Article
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3D reconstruction of heterogeneous materials from 2D images is essential for a precise characterization of their physical properties (mechanical, thermal, electrical, and so on). For this, statistical descriptors such as two-point correlation function (TPCF), lineal path function (LPF), or two-point correlation cluster function (TPCCF) are frequent...
Article
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Amniotic membrane (AM) is a biological tissue that surrounds the fetus in the mother’s womb. It has pluripotent cells, immune modulators, collagen, cytokines with anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory effect, matrix proteins, and growth factors. In spite of the biological characteristics, some results have been released in preventing the adhesion on...
Article
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Digital twins are emerging as powerful tools for supporting innovation as well as optimizing the in-service performance of a broad range of complex physical machines, devices, and components. A digital twin is generally designed to provide accurate in-silico representation of the form (i.e., appearance) and the functional response of a specified (u...
Article
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Intracellular spaces are partitioned into separate compartments to ensure that numerous biochemical reactions and cellular functions take place in a spatiotemporally controlled manner. Biomacromolecules including proteins and RNAs undergo liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) and subsequent phase transition to form biological condensates with diver...
Article
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Manipulation by external pressure of the optical response of 2D Metal Halide Perovskite (MHPs) is a fascinating route to tune their properties and promote the emergence of novel features. We investigate here DA2PbI4 and DA2GeI4 (DA=decylammonium) perovskites in the pressure range up to ∼12 GPa by x-ray powder diffraction, absorption, and photolumin...
Experiment Findings
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Our product is Industrial Intelligence and Environment Monitoring Robot (IIEMR). Industrial revolution 4.0 is the most trending topic of this century. It defines the intelligent networking of machines and processes in industry with the aid of information’s and communication technology. Robots are playing most important role in this revolution. Sens...
Poster
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I am serving as an editor for the 2022 3rd International Conference on Materials, Physics and Computers (MPC 2022) (http://ieti.net/m/index.html). All accepted papers will be published as conference proceedings in Institute of Physics (IOP): Journal of Physics Conference Series (indexed by Scopus, Ei Compendex, and Inspec(IET)). I am calling for pa...
Article
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Density functional theory has a central position in the literature to demonstrate the materials' physical and structural properties that are extremely useful for the human’s daily life. Gold is the multipurpose material that has been utilized for examining the technological applications. In this work calculations depend on the framework of first pr...
Article
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In order to estimate the reactivity of a large number of potentially complex heterogeneous catalysts while searching for novel and more efficient materials, physical as well as data-centric models have been developed for a faster evaluation of adsorption energies compared to first-principles calculations. However, global models designed to describe...
Article
Full-text available
This article layers material, physical, and textual landscapes of the Hittite Empire in a compact borderland region. We argue that a real strength of landscape archaeology is in understanding and articulating medium-scale landscapes through archaeological survey methods and critical study of physical geography. Medium-scale landscapes are a milieu...
Article
Full-text available
With the advancement of adhesive materials and application techniques, orthodontists can now use these materials for various purposes in their regular practice. The scope, limitations, and effectiveness of using flowable composite in the daily orthodontic practice have been discussed. In comparison to other alternative procedures, this paper highli...
Article
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Critical-size long bone defects represent one of the major causes of fracture non-union and remain a significant challenge in orthopaedic surgery. Two-stage procedures such as a Masquelet technique demonstrate high level of success however their main disadvantage is the need for a second surgery, which is required to remove the non-resorbable cemen...
Article
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The Concrete Canvas (CC) material, is a promising material for application in many civil engineering fields, such as, water construction, pipelining, slope protection, military applications, etc. The authors believe that this material has more potential and could be helpful in infrastructure applications. The infrastructure design requirements are...
Article
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In recent years, the synthesis of monomer sequence-defined polymers has expanded into broad-spectrum applications in biomedical, chemical, and materials science fields. Pursuing the characterization and inverse design of these polymer systems requires our fundamental understanding not only at the individual monomer level, but also considering the c...
Book
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This authored monograph presents the state-of-the-art improvements in 2D materials, focusing on their most significant achievements, as well as recent emergence and potential applications. The book discusses synthetic protocols as well as the structural chemistry and physical properties of various 2D materials and explores their energy-related util...
Chapter
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Since the establishment of quantum mechanics, the question has arisen how the Schrödinger wave function could be evaluated in relation to physical reality: Is this wave function only present in a mathematical space and therefore categorically different from real physical objects and processes? Or do the wave function and the so-called collapse of t...
Article
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Active mechanical metamaterials (AMMs) (or smart mechanical metamaterials) that combine the configurations of mechanical metamaterials and the active control of stimuli-responsive materials have been widely investigated in recent decades. The elaborate artificial microstructures of mechanical metamaterials and the stimulus response characteristics...
Article
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In this paper, bending strength and physical properties (specific gravity, dimensional stability and equilibrium moisture content) of a Malaysian bamboo locally known as Beting bamboo (Gigantochloa levis) are addressed. Characterizations of physical and bending strength of G. levis in terms of the variability of location along culm height (top, mid...
Chapter
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Resistive switching (RS) is the property of a material to tune its resistance with respect to applied electric stress. It has many applications in semiconductor electronics, such as nonvolatile memory (resistive random access memory [RRAM]), artificial synapse, and computing elements in reconfigurable logic circuits. RRAM exhibits excellent stabili...
Article
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Monocrystalline silicon (c-Si) is still an important material related to microelectronics/optoelectronics. The nondestructive measurement of the c-Si material and its microstructure is commonly required in scientific research and industrial applications, for which Raman spectroscopy is an indispensable method. However, Raman measurements based on t...