Science topic

Markets - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Markets, and find Markets experts.
Questions related to Markets
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
Have you bought groceries or food lately? Have you noticed that the cost of items that form part of the production cost of the product or service you are buying, like plastic bags or food containers that once were free pollution, are now being charge extra to consumers when buying passing to them the apparent environmental responsibility of dealing with them, but the extra money now you are required to pay for the same plastic bags/containers goes directly to the company profits, not to any private nor government nor even to the same company recycling program as perhaps there is none. And governments seem to be okay with this new practice which is now spreading from major corporations to small businesses leaving consumers with no protection.
In a sense, dwarf green markets provide a cover for companies to pass their cost of production plus the “green grab” to consumers usually without having to disclose in advertising what they are doing so, a kind of deceiving as if those items cost more to companies now increasing their production costs that way, then they should increase the prices of their products or services instead, giving that way the option to consumers to buy at a higher price or not.
So consumers pay more, but their extra pay has not clear environmental benefits from consuming at a higher price, which raises the question, under dwarf green markets are consumers currently being scammed by the business community?
What do you think? Please detail your own view.
Relevant answer
Answer
Sabilar, would you like to expand your answer? If not, that is fine,
Lucio
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
10 answers
True imperfect market theory suggest that imperfect markets do not exist when there is both market equality and freedom at the same time, which raises the question: Is a market where there is only economic freedom a true perfect economic market?
Think about it, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
I agree with Milton Friedman in his "Free to choose" series.
The question contains too many words/concepts that are too vague and, therefore subject to many interpretations. The primary one is "freedom". In nature "freedom" means one also accepts the consequences of one's actions. In "liberal" as defined today as left or extreme left, the state is theoretically expected to reduce the negative consequences to individuals - it's socialism. So, there is no such thing as "liberal capitalism" in the sense of Adam Smith's use of "capitalism".
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
2 answers
Tax cuts to the rich is the prefer idea on how to promote and expand economic growth in supply side economics despite knowing it does not work as expected. Yet, this policy is usually the first choice in supply side run democracies like in the USA or now the UK when supply side promoters are in power.
Any policy that worsens inequality should be expected in practice to negatively affect economic growth as under extreme inequality or worsening inequality the traditional trickle down should be expected to be mute or not to work as intended. And this raises the question, tax cuts to the rich and the embudo effect, is that why the trickled down effect does not work as intended?
What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Stephen, good day.
I asked the question because I see the policy has been implemented in the UK and it is backfiring from the mainstream point of view, but what the critics of the tax cut policy appear not to realize that for exism movements/populism with a mask movements like Brexism or Trumpism or Brazilianism and so on implementing the policy is a win as they have the interest of the movement/the minority in mind, not of the interest of the country.... I guess a tax cut to the rich is in the works in Italy right now and it will materialize soon....
Hence, what looks like a failure of reaganomics it is a successful tool for Trumpconomics, but most people appear not to realize that even facing the majority backlash they would do it again if they can as the decision is based on ideology not on science.
Thank you for commenting!
Lucio
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
20 answers
One of the central concerns the 1987 WCED had was the need to go beyond economic as usual in social and environmental terms to make development socially and environmentally friendly, and the UNCSD 2012 saw the move to green markets and green economies as the way to go, but there was no move to green markets....
This has led apparently to two versions of environmentally friendly economics that are supposed to take us beyond economic thinking as usual, but only one does, g,reen economics and dwarf green economics... and these two different concepts are apparently described as the same when they are not. Which raises the academic question; Green economics vrs dwarf green economics: Can you see the differences ?
Contrasting the two types of economics should free the differences.
Please share your own views on the question, not third party views
Short answers are best
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear friends, at the end of the context provided on which this question is based and found just below the question it says: "Please share your own views on the question, not third party views"
Hence, I am interested in the personal views of those wishing to answer the question at hand here so we can exchange ideas.
Understanding these differences between green economics and dwarf green economics can help us to see if the current economic way in which we are approaching environmental issues like climate change is the right one from the perfect green market theory point of view or not, and if not, why not.
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
20 answers
Those who read the 1987 Brundtland Commission Report know that it was about sustainable development solutions to the social and environmental sustainability issues embedded in the traditional market model due to the assumption of social and environmental externality neutrality that had led to social problems(poverty, over population) and environmental problems(Pollution, environmental degradation) that the commission highlighted as the reason for the need to go, not half way from business as usual, but away from business as usual, and they gave us the definition of sustainable development, not of sustainability…..
But look at the UN related page below and its content:
“ Sustainability
Sustainable development requires an integrated approach that takes into consideration environmental concerns along with economic development.
In 1987, the United Nations Brundtland Commission defined sustainability as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Today, there are almost 140 developing countries in the world seeking ways of meeting their development needs, but with the increasing threat of climate change, concrete efforts must be made to ensure development today does not negatively affect future generations.
The Sustainable Development Goals form the framework for improving the lives of populations around the world and mitigating the hazardous man-made effects of climate change. SDG 13: Climate Action, calls for integrating measures to prevent climate change within development frameworks. SDG 14: Life Below Water, and SDG 15: Life on Land, also call for more sustainable practices in using the earth’s natural resources. “
See we know, a) sustainability(optimization based) is not sustainable development (maximization based); b) The commission gave us a definition of sustainable development and not of sustainability as they saw the social and environmental issues created by the traditional market in terms of sustainable development thinking; c) that is why we have sustainable development goals, NOT sustainability goals.
We know the sustainability model is different than the sustainable development model and according to the model inconsistency principle sustainability and sustainable development can not be equated or defined one as the other or the other as the one.
But the UN defines sustainability as sustainable development there, a scientific inconsistency as it violates the theory-practice consistency principle.
Which raises the question, Do defining sustainability as sustainable development requires alternative academic facts? If yes, Why?
I think YES, what do you think?
Feel free to provide your own view when answering the question.
Relevant answer
Answer
On Climate Modeling: During the last few years, a number of publications have been already devoted to the evaluation of the CIMP6 models, on the basis of historical climate data over different time periods spanning from 1850 to 2014 (Bock et al. 2020, Brunner et al. 2020, Laurent et al. 2021, Cusinato et al. 2021, Ashfaq et al. 2022). Ashfaq et al. (2022) confirm the ability of CMIP6 models (37 ESMs) to robustly represent observed patterns of oceanic and atmospheric modes associated with natural forcing (NAO, ENSO, PDO). Similar results are reported by Cusinato et al. (2021) from 24 CMIP6 models. Bock et al. (2020) show that the CIMP6 models reproduce well the recent increase in temperature. These results appear to be consistent with CIMP6 models evaluation by Laurent et al. (2020) (29 ESMs).
Ashfaq, M., Rastogi, D., Abid, M. A., & Kao, S. C. (2022). Evaluation of CMIP6 GCMs over the CONUS for downscaling studies.
Bock, L., Lauer, A., Schlund, M., Barreiro, M., Bellouin, N., Jones, C., ... & Eyring, V. (2020). Quantifying progress across different CMIP phases with the ESMValTool. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125(21), e2019JD032321.
Brunner, L., Pendergrass, A. G., Lehner, F., Merrifield, A. L., Lorenz, R., and Knutti, R.: Reduced global warming from CMIP6 projections when weighting models by performance and independence, Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 995–1012, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-11-995-2020, 2020.
Cusinato, E., Rubino, A., & Zanchettin, D. (2021). Winter Euro‐Atlantic Climate Modes: Future Scenarios From a CMIP6 Multi‐Model Ensemble. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(19), e2021GL094532.
Laurent, A., Fennel, K., Kuhn, A. (2021). An observation-based evaluation and ranking of historical Earth system model simulations in the northwest North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 18(5), 1803-1822.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
9 answers
Carbon markets have become popular, locally and nationally, including in Canada as a way to address carbon pollution. And this raises the question, are carbon price based markets green markets? Why?
I think no, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
They are not green markets because they are not cleared by a green market price, they are environmental externality management based markets.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
7 answers
Population dynamics is usually linked to system stability. For example, over population is linked to system unsustainability, and possible system collapse through overshooting behavior like ecological overshoot. Population dynamics is rarely linked to market pricing structures as markets are usually presented as supply and demand interactions consistent with their price structures. But market price structures can be seen as linked to the nature of the population they serve. Hence, population dynamics appears to be the connection between market price structure and system stability.
And this raises the question, Is population dynamics the link between market pricing and system stability? I think yes, what do you think?
Please, feel free to share your comments, Yes and why you think is Yes or No, and why you think is No.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dariusz, the way you try to share your material is not helpful for sharing ideas ...you say Yes, In will leave it there.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
16 answers
When you look at discussions about human population, whether from the overpopulation point of view in particular or population dynamics view in general, they lead to policy actions and recommendations that appear to be independent of the traditional market structure structure(price, consumption, and production) that supports them, but the nature of markets seems to shape the nature of the population and population dynamics they encourage.
And this raises the relevant question once and for all:
Is the nature of human population dynamics dependent or independent of the nature of the traditional market structure dynamics that serves them?
I think that the nature of the population and its dynamics is dependent of the nature of the markets that serves them as they shape their nature, what do you think?
Are they independent? Yes or No, and why do you think so?
Are they dependent? Yes or No, and why do you think so?
What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio,
I too believe that what you have described as the nature of human population dynamics is dependent on the nature of the dynamics of the traditional market structure that serves them. Well, in the short term (months and quarters) it is citizens who adjust their functioning to seasonal changes in the level of production, income, purchases made etc. In the medium term (several to sometimes a dozen years), changes in the rate of economic growth that take place as part of business cycles translate into changes in citizens' income and consumption levels, and this then influences citizens' decisions to start a family and have children. On the other hand, in the longer term (from several years to several decades), the long-term economic processes, the changing sectoral and industry structure of the economy, the significantly changing level of economic development, production, income, etc., translate into significant changes in the living standards of citizens and the prevailing purchasing, housing and living standards. Subsequently, these significant changes in the economic processes taking place, in economic development, including the public products and services offered by the state (education, health care, public utilities, social assistance) and consequently also in the living standards of citizens largely determine the fertility rate, housing standards, the product and service structure of purchases made, the length of the average life expectancy of citizens, possibly also the process of population ageing and other changes in the social structure. Consequently, there are correlations between economic development and structural changes realised in the medium and long term in markets and economic sectors and changes in citizens' living standards, changes in consumption standards, living conditions, economic decisions made, fertility levels, citizens' life expectancy, social processes, etc.
Regards,
Dariusz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
20 answers
The goal of shifting from pollution based markets to clean markets is affected by going green markets and by going dwarf green markets in opposing ways.
The working of green markets moves away from pollution based markets and it tends towards clean markets while the working of dwarf green markets stays far away from clean markets and very close to pollution based markets.
Which raises the question, What are the clean market consequences of green market paradigm shift avoidance?
What do you think?
Please try to answer the question first, and then make any comments you think are appropriate.
And I will reply.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio,
Answering your question, I say that in my opinion the scale of avoiding the green market paradigm by companies and enterprises is still very large in the country where I operate. Many commercially operating companies and enterprises, if they are not forced by legal norms or if their clients still have a low level of pro-environmental transformation, still ignore the paradigms of the green market, they ignore the principles of ecological social responsibility, the principles of business ethics, green economy, sustainable development goals. On the other hand, some companies, corporations, banks and other financial institutions promote themselves in advertising spots as green and meeting specific goals of sustainable development. This is not always true. Usually, the scale of the transformation of business from classic to green is small and in advertising campaigns certain economic entities present themselves as fully green and implement on a large scale the goals of sustainable development. However, a more serious problem is that this type of misleading customers, citizens, this type of unreliable advertising campaigns and brand promotion campaigns as well as product and / or service offers are also used by government-controlled state-owned companies and some public institutions. The negative effect of such situations is misleading customers and citizens who, when buying products and / or services of a specific company, bank, enterprise, etc., assume that they are buying a green offer from an entity that pursues sustainable development goals and runs a green business, which often does not. is truthful. In addition, companies and enterprises use non-returnable financial subsidies for the implementation of pro-environmental economic ventures, for the creation and implementation of new eco-innovations, new green technologies, etc. However, there is no system of precise determination of what is green innovation and new green technology and what is not. Often, these subsidies are granted to companies and enterprises that fictitiously implement green economic ventures or the scale of pro-environmental business is negligible. On the other hand, there is a lack of financial resources for carrying out a systemic pro-environmental transformation of the economy, for the construction of new power plants generating electricity and / or heat from renewable and emission-free energy sources, for the development of electromobility, for the development of sustainable ecological agriculture, for afforestation of civilization degraded areas, for technology improvement. recycling and creating biodegradable substitutes for plastics, etc.
Best regards,
Dariusz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
22 answers
Think about it, science is supposed to be an open environment, one where if ideas are shown to be lacking or inappropriate or wrong, they are either improved or discarded. A system where if assumptions about reality turned out to be wrong, it will shift to catch up with the actual, now new reality leaving the previous reality/previous knowledge behind. That would be consistent with the thinking of Popper and Kuhn.
That was the expectation after the 1987 Brundtland commission said business as usual model has not worked as the assumptions on which it has been based were wrong, and that was the expectation after 2012 RIO + 20 when the UNCSD commission said to go green market, green growth and green economy was the shift to go….to internalize the wrong environmental externality assumption found in the business as usual model...
If that science expectation does not happen and invalid ideas and/or previous paradigm ideas are used to address the new reality, which by now everyone knows or should know is a reality not consistent with those previous ideas, is that still science or is this now an ideology?.
Which raises the question, at what point science, in general or economics in particular, becomes an ideology?
What do you think? Please express your view through answering this question.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio Muñoz , let me bring in my simple point that economics is still not a science, but a profession, based on certain accounts and accounting methods of society. Even medicine is not a science, but more a science-based practice of empirical evidences via testing procedures. With respect to natural and exact science, I need to mention that the basic assumptions of biological evolution, physical thermodynamics and mathematical information theory are contradictory.
The ideological trap for scientific research and researchers is based on the financial decision: which research and researcher gets funded? Most scientific research is funded by government grants , companies doing research and development, and non-profit foundations; in a perfect world, money wouldn't matter — all scientific studies (regardless of funding source) would be completely objective.
---------
Great moments in science: Einstein discovers that time is actually money.
Gary Larson
--------
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
13 answers
We hear about environmental problems or social problems or socio-environmental problems associated with business as usual, problems being exacerbated currently by over population pressures and overshooting pressures. Hence, all those problems and pressures seem to be associated with non-optimal market conditions in practice, but conditions that are assumed to be optimal in theory, hinting towards a practice-theory inconsistency problem.
And this raises the question, Is the destruction of full optimality at the heart of system unsustainability problems? I think yes, what do you think?
Note: Moving away from full optimality thinking is what is meant here when saying "the destruction of full optimality".
Please, feel free to express your own views on the question, Yes, and why you think so? No, and why you think so?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio
What I tried to say is that, in my view it is characteristic to the sustainability-related discussion in economics to disregard the factor time when talking about pricing and equillibrium.
Regards
Michael
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
17 answers
UN agencies, governments, international organizations like FAO and World Bank, academic institutions and so on appear to be talking about green economies and green growth yet they are not implementing green markets as the environmental cost of production is not yet internalized.  They are promoting non-green market approaches like carbon pricing or cap and trade, can green economy and green growth exist outside green markets? I think "No", what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
From a systemic point of view, Green Markets are one of finalities of Green Economy. So, there is a two-way relationship between the both concepts, Green Market is created and enhanced by Green Economy, and this latest could not be implemented without Green Market. By other words, Green Market is a sub-system for Green Economy. - Anouar.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
13 answers
Except for some early protectionist behaviour by some countries and the consumer panic buying in the early days of the pandemic, global food supply chains have demonstrated remarkable resilience during this whole time. Currently, there are no global food shortages. In fact, the prices did fall slightly at one point. During the 2007-08 economic crisis, however, food prices were severely disrupted. Please share your thoughts on how this occurred and whether global food supply chains have become more sophisticated. Also, what are the implications for "local foods" in the pandemic?
Relevant answer
Answer
Also check..
Development of the Organic Food Market in Romania during the...
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
11 answers
We see at least two very dangerous features in post-covid China:
1) As we show in the attachments JEE 2020 and ICC 2020, Governments should be very carefull in trying to control prices or fix maximum/minimum thresholds. The price dynamics in complex economies condense a lot of scattered information, are an emergent property, and -under certain circumstances- aid at correcting disequilibria (see the papers attached). Becuase of cumulative wrong centralized decisions, disequilibria are multiplying in the Chinese economy (industrial, construction, energy sectors) and authorities are not allowing prices to show up as correcting re-adjustment signals. This is really dangerous as we show in papers ICC 2020 and JEvEcs 2020 attached (by Almudi et al.).
2) Secondly, as we show in Metroeconomica 2020 (also attached), in a context of increasing prices (shortages of energy and post-covid bottlenecks in global value chains), with high stocks of private debt, and everything developing within an otherwise innovative economy with low (but increasing) interest rates, the probable slight increase in inflation rates expected for the upcoming months will unchain a domino effect, with emergent "big rips" in the socio-economic Chinese system.
1) and 2) may announce a long (a decade) stagnation in the China economy. It seems that the European Union is perhaps the latest worldwide agent in noticing this. China is no longer a clear option. Still, Is China too big to fail?
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
15 answers
We all know about the traditional perfect market of Adam Smith and its place at the heart of pure or perfect capitalism.
We usually associate perfect market thinking with no government intervention unless there is market failure, but the perfect market of Adam Smith, like any other possible perfect market, can better be defined in terms of equality and freedom so as to be able to link it for example to imperfect markets such as dictatorship based markets or link it to distorted markets from the democracy point of view, which leads to the question, what is the conjunctural necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of perfect markets for example a la Adam Smith?
Feel free to provide your views, and keep in mind the angle of this question is “equality and freedom”, not government intervention or supply and demand interactions, even though they are linked.
This is an academic question, not a political one, and as usual my questions usually have a simple answer.
Relevant answer
Answer
Steven, nobody is accusing anybody here. When you say that an entity has more power than another in the market and that is why there is no equality and freedom, by definition you are not talking about Adam Smith's perfect market...
If you look carefully at the pareto efficient and optimal point/conditions of the perfect traditional market, you can not be there without freedom and equality, but if you assume equality away you can be there only with freedom.
Let's leave it here. I am here to exchange ideas, not to impose ideas.
Respectfully yours;
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
5 answers
Organizations have to revise their strategy continuously to avail the new opportunity and pressure of market.  Organizational structural may affect the strategic flexibility.  Can any one share some literature?
Relevant answer
Answer
Structural flexibility is a form of strategic flexibility. it involves a firm taking strategic action to embed flexibility in its organizational structure, to enable it respond effectively and timely to changing environmental realities, as well as environmental threats and opportunities. Muhammad Aamir Saeed
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
36 answers
Big tech is constrained by the political environment in which they operate, locally and globally.
If the world is divided between democracy and non-democracy given current capitalism dynamics, we should expect big tech to face fewer constraints; and therefore enjoy more business stability under democracy than under a non-democracy, and this should expected to affect future globalization trends. Which raises the question, Democratic capitalism vrs non-democratic capitalism: Is this the end of true globalization?
I think, perhaps yes and perhaps no. What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks; I agree with you, we need to leave here.
Have a nice evening.
Mohamed
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
13 answers
Think about it just for a positive exchange of ideas, shifting to a world under green markets leaves the traditional market knowledge base behind creating green market paradigm shift knowledge gaps in need of fixing or of new ideas, and this includes the concept of economic efficiency a la pareto. And this leads to the question, why is Pareto efficient in traditional markets neither green Pareto inefficient in green markets? Any ideas/thoughts?
Relevant answer
Answer
In my modest perception, Pareto's Law describes that with only 20 percent of the overall effort, 80 percent of the performance can be achieved. At 80 percent work, the remaining 20 percent success takes the most effort. That is why it is also known as the 80/20 Rule. Pareto's law in a perfectly pro-ecological economy, in a totally sustainable economy formed according to the concept of green and circular economy, either they do not work at all or they work in a very limited way.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
32 answers
Does economic globalization have a significant impact on the development of international financial systems and on the operation of supranational capital markets?
Is the globalization of information related to the growing share of the Internet in the global dissemination of information on the situation on financial markets also related to economic globalization?
What is your opinion on this issue?
Please reply
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of globalization of financial and banking systems are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Financial flows would tend to suggest that the degree of internationalization of financial markets has increased over recent years to reach levels broadly comparable to those seen in the period of marked financial market integration which preceded World War I. As mentioned at the outset, however, quantities alone cannot be a good indicator of globalization because the law of one price may still not apply when cross-border financial flows become more widespread.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
10 answers
What kind of information in the field of financial market psychology is in your opinion the most important, which should be taken into account when conducting technical analyzes of the valuation of securities listed on the stock exchange in order to achieve the best results from investing activities?
Please reply
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
The impact of what is known as the psychology of the financial markets was seen during the initial phase 1 of the pandemic. When in March 2020 the World Health Organization announced the state of a global epidemic, i.e. the state of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, then there was a strong sell-off of stocks and commodities on commodity exchanges. The stock market crash resulted from the predominance of investors' fear and uncertainty about the situation in the markets and the economy. The aforementioned crash was characterized by a large amplitude of decline in stock exchange indices, but it was relatively short-lived. The declines in indices were halted as central banks cut interest rates. At that time, the situation in the markets calmed down and the trends were reversed from downward to upward.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
12 answers
Paradigm death, shift and flip expectation theory suggest that a perfect paradigm flips to take the form of the perfect inverse opposite paradigm, and when it does that the order of political and legal loyalty flips at the same time. And when, the opposite process takes place, the inverse is expected to happen.
When the capitalism a la Adam Smith model(TM = aBc) was flipped in 1848 to take the form of the Karl Marx red socialism model(KM = Abc) the order of political and legal loyalty that existed in the pure capitalism system then was flipped to the inverse political and legal loyalty that existed in red socialism countries during the period of red socialism(1848-1991).
Yet in 1991, when red socialism fell and China flipped back to pure capitalism, China did not flip its political and legal loyalty structure to that of Adam Smith’s capitalism structure, but kept the one it had from the old red socialism era.
And this raises the question, why was China able to flip back to pure capitalism in 1991 after the fall of red socialism and still maintain intact the order of political and legal loyalty that it had before the fall?
Any ideas? Please, share them, but Please keep in mind, this is an academic question, not a political one.
Relevant answer
Answer
The People's Republic of China is the only country that has been able to build capitalism under the banner of communism.
Left-wing economists are convinced that such a model gives the maximum advantage precisely because of centralization. But if you talk to the Chinese themselves, they will say that they did what they do in the entire developed world: they decentralized the economic sphere of life to such an extent until it led to success. The Chinese were carrying out structural reforms. But they did it carefully and wrote about it only after each measure carried out proved its success. Why are China's reforms successful? This is a matter of decentralization. Today, the economy in China is much more decentralized than, for example, in the entire post-Soviet space or in South America.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
23 answers
They shifted to green markets in 2012 and they did not have a theory of the perfect green market to guide them.
They have gone the route of environmental externality management instead of environmental cost internalization as required by perfect green market theory without having a theory or a plan linking environmental externality management to the road to green markets.
In other words, environmental externality management based markets are not linked to green markets or green market pricing; and therefore they still operate under an envirornmental sustainability gap..
Is environmental externality management a short term cash cow and a long-term environmental nightmare in the making for governments and the world? I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio,
The above question was asked in 2016. Since then, a lot has changed in terms of pro-environmental policy, including motivating economic entities to implement the sustainable development goals. Since 2019, the European Union and several other countries have adopted a plan to achieve full climate neutrality of the economy by 2050. This is a big, positive step in terms of the pro-ecological transformation of economic processes towards the emergence of a green, social market economy, also known as a sustainable, green circular economy. More and more countries are taking important steps to implement the process of pro-environmental transformation of the energy, transport and construction sectors in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the scale of environmental pollution. On the other hand, taking into account the pace of the ongoing global warming process, the pace of the pro-environmental transformation of the economy so far is still too slow. It is necessary to increase the scale of pro-environmental state intervention, increase the scale of financing pro-ecological investment projects and increase the scale of pro-environmental, general social awareness of citizens.
Thank you, Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
10 answers
In 2012 we moved from traditional market thinking to green market thinking, but we are still trying to address the environmental crisis from outside green market thinking. What about for example, perfect green market competition?....Has anybody thought about it?. I have.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio,
This topic will probably always be relevant, at least for the next several dozen years. Some kind of precursor concepts of what you called green market thinking and I refer to it as a green social market economy or a sustainable green circular economy appeared earlier, at the end of the 20th century, but it was ignored. Only in the last few years, the topic of sustainable, green circular economy has become one of the important topics undertaken not only by scientists and researchers, but also it is a topic of debates and discussions in the context of the development of applied environmental policies, adapting enterprises to the principles of pro-ecological policy, to increasing the possibilities of achieving the goals of sustainable development, implementing green technologies and eco-innovations. However, these large-scale processes will not be self-realized as an objective process. It is necessary to increase the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism. Enterprises without external pressure will not decide on their own pro-ecological reforms and green transformations, because it involves additional costs and / or investments and a change in the profile of the product and service offer addressed to citizens. Therefore, the pro-environmental, general social awareness of citizens must also increase, so that pro-ecological offers are chosen more often than non-ecological ones. Unfortunately, the opposite is usually the case, as green product and / or service offers tend to be more expensive than non-green ones. It should be otherwise. For the opposite to be the case, it is necessary to increase the scale of pro-environmental state interventionism. In view of the above, a pro-social and pro-environmental economic system defined as a green social market economy or a sustainable, circular green economy will not be created by itself in the process of objective development of market structures. It is necessary to constantly and gradually increase the scale of pro-ecological state interventionism and the general social pro-environmental awareness of citizens.
Greetings, Have a nice day, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
Think about it, the corona virus has brought the supply side and the demand side of the pro-rich growth economy in place in most countries.....
Before the virus hit a high portion of the demand side was already cash poor or short; and after the virus hit and lockdowns and stay at home policies came alone that high portion of the demand side went basically cash empty....
If the governments, safely or not, move towards bailing out the supply side of the market to set up again its pro-rich growth structure to reopen economies, they need as strong demand, but a cash empty demand can not support such a structure as it could not afford to participate in the market,,,,and the market should be expected to collapse....
However, if the government sets up a sustained direct trickle down program to give the demand side ability to pay/buy, then this can create a tricle up effect that would clear the goods and services coming from the newly revived pro-rich growth model as they would be able to participate in the market for as long as the direct trickle down is on..
Which raises the question, Will the recovery of the pro-rich growth economy need a trickle up push from a direct trickle down program?. I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
The analysis of the applied interventionist, anti-crisis, pro-development socio-economic policies, which were applied in the situation of the greatest economic and financial crises in the 20th and 21st centuries, shows that the most effective are anti-crisis, interventionist measures based on coordinated programs of budgetary and fiscal policy , sectoral and monetary. The applied specific interventionist instruments and anti-crisis programs of coordinated budgetary, fiscal, sectoral and monetary policies should activate both the consumption and investment demand as well as the supply side based on the existing, available production factors of economic entities.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
11 answers
If there are sustainability gaps, then there are market illusions as well as broken circular economic structures.
Hence there is a market illusion associated with red socialism/Karl Marx and with pure capitalism/Adam Smith as each of these models has specific sustainability gaps embedded in them.
Can you see these market illusions, the red socialism market illusion and the pure capitalism market illusion?
Please provide your own views on the question, I will appreciate that.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucio,
Yes, in its pure form, 100%. in terms of both models, neither of them ever existed and never really exists. There was and there is no real economy that would be 100 percent. socialist (according to the theory of Karol Marx) and there is no real economy that would be 100 percent market economy (according to Adam Smith's theory). while the currently existing economies mostly represent different formulas of the model of the social market economy as a mixed economy, i.e. containing specific private and public sectors related to each other in various configurations, market issues with central planning, market structures and public institutions, commercial economic entities and shaped and the socio-economic policy implemented by the government, including social policy, the market financial system present in modern economies (mainly the sector of commercial banks and investment funds) and the public financial system (public institutions, financial transfers, state budget and budgets of local government units), and private products offered on competitive markets and purchased by individual citizens, and public goods offered by the state to society and financed from the sources of the state finance system. In individual countries, the division of the economy into commercial and public sectors occurs similarly in the social market economy model, while in particular, there may be many differences.
Greetings, Have a nice day, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
7 answers
BREXISM finally is over and they got a trade deal with europe now, but exism left the UK poorer according to the news
Brexit is finally done. It will leave the UK poorer
TRUMPISM set a war of tariffs with other countries making US citizens poorer, including the supporters of exism, as they have to pay more to continue consuming those goods...
But being poorer both is Brexconomics and Trumpconomics as a result of exism means being a winner as exism is the goal, no matter the cost, loyalty is to the exism is the rule, not to the country....
Which leads to the question, Are there only winners in the world of exism? What do you think?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
18 answers
Just as food for thoughts, what type of macroeconomy the integrating of innovation and climate with economic growth leads to?.: To the same traditional macroeconomy or to a dwarf traditional macroeconomy or to a green macroeconomy or to a dwarf green macroecomy. What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
I appreciate Lucio Muñoz for the valuable topic. Would be interested to know as well.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
46 answers
Global warming is being addressed through a sustainable development lense formally since 2012 Rio +20; and therefore, it is being addressed outside sustainabiltiy rules.
And this raises the question, is not global warming a sustainability isssue? I think it is a sustainabiltiy issue. What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dariusz, thank you for commenting. Yes, global warming is a sustainability issue so it requires a systematic approach....
You may find the following paper interesting:
Are We Appropriately Assigning Causes to Global Warming?
Have a nice day!
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
14 answers
There are several possible explanations of why mainstream economists and thinkers from the UN level up and down have steered the solution to the environmental crisis away from green market, green growth, and green economies commitment they place on themselves in 2012 Rio +20, and leaning towards dwarf green markets like carbon pricing or low carbon…pushing economics towards the non-science domain in the process, and if the process continues or it is not corrected soon, then I believe economics cannot longer then be called a science as a field which do not follow the scientific method/the theory-practice consistency principle on purpose is not a science….it can be a business, but not a science….
One of the main explanation to the issue above can be constructed around two key words: manmade market distortions vrs market failures which get clouded under the paradigm shift knowledge gaps as in this case the green market paradigm shift knowledge gap; and the only inside solution to the paradigm shift those inside the box can see is to look at the issue, that once was assumed not to be an issue at all, as externality led market failure.  And to treat an issue that in the new market is supposed to be endogenous issue as an externality led market failure adds more distortion to the already distorted market…..Thomas Kuhn/The structure of scientific revolutions suggested the inability of those inside the box to deal with paradigm shifts like the shift to green markets, those inside the box see only externality led market failures and those outside the box see the man made distortions that need to be corrected/closed to internalize the externality and create green markets…..I will show this in my next paper, but I am curious about whether others see what I can easily see so I am asking this question....
We know that Adam Smith assumed social and environmental externality neutrality to simplify reality and  to create an economy only market making only economic issues endogenous issues and the only issues reflected in the pricing mechanism of the traditional market. 
Therefore Adam Smith gave a model with two distortions in 1776, a social distortion(a) and an environmental(c) distortion and one dominant component, the economy(B), the structure below:
TM = aBc
TMP = P = ECM + i
Society(a) and environment(c) did not matter, they are there to meet economic goals....remember the thought?
Then the 1987 Bruntland Commission critique came in "Our Common Future'" and suddently social and environmental issues matter and need to be internalized...so they shifted to green markets, economy and environment partnership markets, with the structure below:
GM = aBC
GP = P + EM = ECM + i + EM
The structure of the shift is as follows as the environemental distortion is corrected (c---------->C) as now environmental issues matter and they are reflected in the price mechanism of the market as an externalty margin(EM):
TM = aBc-----------------------> GM = aBC
TMP = P = ECM + i -------------------> GP = P + EM = ECM + i + EM
Therefore, to correct Adam Smith model to reflect environmental concerns we only need to correct the distortion in his model as the environment matters and internalize the environmental cost in the pricing mechanism of the market....
GP - TMP = ECM + i + EM - (ECM + i ) = EM
So when Adam Smith assumed social and environmental externality neutrality he introduced those distortions as there has never been social and environmental externality neutrality....Therefore,  to correct his model we  only need to correct the distortion, not to treat the distortion as an externality led market failure which is what apparently those inside the box are doing in the case of the shift to green markets....
As Adam Smith created these social and environmental externality distortions as they have always been there I use the term man made market distortions....
So the question is, Are manmade market distortions market failures?  I say no, what do you think?
 “Yes and Why or No and why” answers or comments please to better exchange ideas.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear friends, you may find the following article full of food for thoughts so I am sharing it here for you to check when you have time:
Sustainability thoughts 130: Can green economies and green growth exist without green markets? If not, why not? What is the current main development implication of this?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
6 answers
If any of the questions listed below is interesting to you, please write a comment stating your view or please recommend the question you find interesting to contacts you think may be interested in commenting.... recommendations lead to interest...
Most of the questions have no answer either because the links of researchgate did not lead them to the forums of relevance or they were just ignored, but I think the questions remain relevant today....
Past Questions still up for grabs, CLICK the links below each question if you would like to provide your view/answer to that specific question;
Who do you think will win the next round of RIO process?
Is the working of old democracy another unintended consequence of paradigm shift?
Is it right to consider the 2012-2019 period a loss in terms of green economic thinking and action?
Can extreme democratic outcomes like BREXIT and USEXIT persist in the absence of chaos?
Is a normal democratic outcome at the end of both BREXIT and USEXIT?
Will the corona virus’s painful experience lead to another push towards fully socially friendly capitalism?
Will the recovery of the pro-rich growth economy need a trickle up push from a direct trickle down program?
Under which conditions will the rich/corporations welcome extreme government intervention like direct trickle downs?
Does the coming of direct trickledowns means the end of traditional conservatism?
Can elite or dominant component action or inaction be explained through the theory of entanglements?
What are the implications of trading social responsibility for economic responsibility?
Can extreme liberal democratic outcomes such as USEXIT/BREXIT exist without a nationalist blanket?
Can BREXIT and USEXIT be considered to be fake extreme democratic outcomes?
Production levels and production prices in red socialist countries, where do they or did they meet?
Why do you think we shifted to partially clean green markets in 2012 instead of fully clean ones?
Do you know what the structure of the perfect green market is?
Food for thoughts: Is the green market a dwarf market?
Is the coming of the sustainability paradigm creating a sustainability market knowledge gap?
The Chinese stock market just crash, is it time now to fix the financial system model?
Relevant answer
Answer
RE: "Most of the questions have no answer either because the links of researchgate did not lead them to the forums of relevance or they were just ignored "
Did you try using the "share" feature (bottom right corner) of your questions to direct them to colleagues in your network?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
23 answers
In 2012 Ric + 20 we shifted in theory to green markets, green economy and green growth thinking as the three indispensable components of environmentally friendly economic development, yet you do not hear much about green markets since then from those leading the development agenda be it OECD or FAO or World Bank or WRI, and so on... given the impression that green markets are not important in solving the environmental sustainability problem affecting the traditional market....which raises a the question, Can the green economy and green growth exist without green markets? I think No, what do you think?
Please share your own opinion on the question about this question indicating why you think so
Relevant answer
Answer
Green markets are an important element to catalyse green economy and growth
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
40 answers
If we look at sustainable development as different partial ways of correcting the traditional market, then sustainable development based markets follow the maximization rule too. But true sustainability is a full correction of the traditional market, not a partial one, which leads to the question: Is true sustainability consistent with the concept of maximization too? I think no, true sustainability is inconsistent with maximization.
If someone thinks that true sustainability is consistent with maximization, please show me analytically or graphically that I am wrong.
Please share your own views on the question for a positive exchange of ideas.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Douglas, respectfully I disagree.... How can apples lead to oranges? please read all the comments made from me and others, and then think carefully or reassess your thinking.
If you have an analytical way to prove that sustainability can be maximized or minimized, I would be happy to see it; and we go from there.
Otherwise, the rest of your comments fall outside the question at hand.
Respectfully yours;
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
21 answers
How do you assess the processes of globalization of financial and banking systems in the context of the analysis of the sources of the global financial crisis of 2008?
Please reply
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Magnitude of international investors, and FDI
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
24 answers
Imaging there are pareto optimality trends driven by externality cost generated pareto improvement dynamics in all possible markets.
Then pareto optimality will shift to the right until there is no more cost to externalize in each market, and the market among them with the lowest market price possible will be then the pareto optimal bundle furthest to the right as there will be here the highest level of production and consumption possible among all markets.
If these are the pareto optimality trends driven by increasing cost externalization, then this raises the question Is sustainability negatively related to pareto optimality trends? I think yes, what do you think? …
I am interested in your own views only in order to share ideas directly.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Lucio Muñoz .
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
Think for a moment, shifting from traditional market thinking to green market thinking in 2012 Rio +20 meant a shift from pareto optimality thinking to green pareto optimality thinking, yet to my knowledge nothing is written about this. Green pareto optimality thinking is at the heart of perfect green markets.
And this raises the question, what is the structure of green pareto optimality then? What do you think? I am interested in exchanging ideas on how to address this question and exchange thoughts.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear friends, here I am sharing an expansion of green pareto optimality and traditional pareto optimality to link it to environmental externality management markets, simply as food for thoughts, done with positive intentions just to share ideas
Sustainability thoughts 126: Are environmental externality management based production and consumption bundles inconsistent with green pareto efficiency and with pareto efficiency principles at the same time? If yes, why?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
Cost effectiveness thresholds vary as per economic and social status.When buying healthcare in markets individual decisions are made in free markets such as India,whereas in countries such as UK and Canada,it is an institutional decision.Has there been a comparative study of these?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you so much.... will review the paper and revert!
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
20 answers
An internet search of "green economy and UN" leads to the following definition in Wikipedia:
-
“Green Economy The green economy is defined as economy that aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities, and that aims for sustainable development without degrading the environment. It is closely related with ecological economics, but has a more politically applied focus. The 2011 UNEP Green Economy Report argues "that to be green, an economy must not only be efficient, but also fair. Fairness implies recognizing global and country level equity dimensions, particularly in assuring a just transition to an economy that is low-carbon, resource efficient, and socially inclusive."
-
If green economies work through green markets, which aim at making pollution/carbon reduction a profitable exercise for firms/the economy through green market pricing, then a green economy is a world where green producers and green consumers respond to green market price signals to clear the market.
-
This seems to be inconsistent with the UN view above of green economy. Therefore, I think the UN is using a definition of green economy inconsistent with the nature of green markets, What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
To me, I think that the UN used the definition of GE not as a methodology to ensure the interactions between humans. That's my personal opinion. Anyway, this is an interesting question.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
17 answers
Just think about it, from about 1960s to 2012 a green cold war was on in western countries and the Rio +20 conference was the event where winners and losers were going to come up. The competitors in the different economy-environment coalitions were perfect environmentalism and imperfect environmentalism. Perfect environmentalism aims at fixing the environmental sustainability gap to achieve environmental sustainability, imperfect environmentalism aims at patching the environmental sustainability gap to achieve environmental externality management. In the end from 2012 to now the world went environmental externality management. So the question, can 2012 Rio +20 conference be taken as where perfect environmentalism lost the green cold war? I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes and I am agreed with Dr Prokopowicz' answer.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
6 answers
Are carbon pricing policies at odds with expected green market’s profitable pollution reduction behavior? I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear friends, we know that traditional markets are perfect markets where profit maximization leads to producing at the lowest cost possible…this drives traditional economic activity…traditional consumers and tradition producers determine the traditional market price….no government intervention is needed unless there is traditional market failure….as cost decreases price decreases consumption increases….that is the expectation…behind traditional market culture and responsibility….
We know that in 2012 Rio +20/UNCSD we attempted to shift from perfect traditional markets to perfect green markets, where green profit maximization leads to producing at the lowest environmental cost possible as now environmental cost are endogenous issues to the model….this drives green market based economic activity….green producers and green consumers determine the green market price….no government intervention is needed unless there is green market failure….as environmental cost decreases green price decreases green consumption increases….that is the expectation…behind green market culture and responsibility….
Carbon pricing policies are non-free market policies or dwarf green market policies that need ongoing government intervention where as long as companies can pass the externally set environmental cost to consumers they will supply the market….as environmental costs are increase they will contract the supply of the market…..expectation that is inconsistent with the need to create a green market culture and responsibility that is needed to address the environmental crises head on….
So Carbon pricing policies are at odds with profitable pollution reduction behavior because companies in carbon pricing markets have no incentive to base profit maximization on producing increasingly lower and lower carbon based products and services as time passes to be able to produce at a lower and lower market price as they can make money by simply passing the set environmental cost by the government to consumers….and this is because a carbon price is not a green market price…
Thank you for your comments
Lucio
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
9 answers
In connection with the use of computerized, automated transaction systems, does the scale of the issue of the psychology of securities markets decrease?
Please reply
Best wishes
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
The above discussion inspired me to formulate the following question:
What are the main determinants of research on behavioral reactions of investors on capital markets and consumer behavior on consumer goods markets?
On the basis of the above considerations and conclusions from the discussion on interesting issues discussed, I formulated the following thesis that in recent years the importance and applications of economics and behavioral finance have been growing. Therefore, it is crucial to define the dominant research determinants regarding behavioral reactions of investors on capital markets and consumer behavior on consumer goods markets.
Below I have described the key determinants confirming the formulated research thesis. To the above discussion I would like to add the following conclusion formulated as a summary of my previous considerations on this topic: Determinants of research on behavioral reactions of investors on capital markets and consumer behavior on consumer goods markets.
Economics due to the social issues of many subjects and problems in this field of knowledge, which it deals with is classified in many science centers in the field of social sciences. Social issues related to the economic conditions of people's lives, social determinants of economic development of economic entities and states, social policies led by states, behavioral factors of changes in economic situations in individual markets, etc. constitute a significant part of issues that are studied and described in the field of economics. Therefore, economics, even if not all of the issues it deals with, however, in most of the studied economic and financial issues falls within the scope of social sciences. In recent years, the importance of research in the field of behavioral economics, behavioral finance, etc. has grown.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the importance of behavioral economics and finance, including an analysis of the determinants of media shaping consumer opinions regarding company brand recognition, product and service offerings, etc. by increasing the importance of online information services, including social media portals. The growing importance of financial market psychology, the growing significance of behavioral factors influencing investment decisions of individual investors operating on capital markets and consumers making purchasing decisions on markets of popular products and services.
Therefore, the key questions that need to be answered are: Are investors active in the securities markets more cautious in making investment decisions after the global financial crisis, or are they more thoroughly analyzing the investment risk of investing in capital markets? Did any of you conduct research aimed at determining possible changes in the significance of financial market psychology and behavioral economics in capital markets, including securities markets, after the global financial crisis of 2008? If research shows that the importance of financial market psychology and behavioral economics in capital markets is decreasing, what is this mainly determined by? Is it the result of post-crisis greater awareness of investment risk among investors, or also a change in the structure of the dominant segments of investors operating on capital markets, or is it also the result of an increase in the number of transactions carried out by computerized transaction systems?
Business and economics are connected or determined to a significant degree with psychology. Examples of the most often cited, described and researched are emotionally determined behavioral behaviors of both consumers in consumer product and service markets as well as stock market investors in capital markets, including securities markets, in addition also currency markets, etc. Issues of the influence of psychological factors on economics can be found also within the scope of marketing activity directed at potential consumers of certain products or services. Supported by intensively conducted advertising campaigns, the sale of certain types of products and services is particularly determined by psychological issues used in advertising campaigns, which increase the scale of appearance and fashion activities for specific types of products or services. Sometimes the effectiveness of advertising campaigns depends to a large extent on whether the information message contained in advertising spots acts on human emotions and thus generates smaller or larger revenues from the sale of specific products or services. In financial markets, on the other hand, the impact of psychology on investment decisions of individual investors can be significant. Periodically, in situations of increased speculation in capital markets, imbalances in securities markets, there is a period of investment euphoria, sheep's momentum, investing fashion and, as a consequence, a strong revaluation of securities valuation (bull market) and periods of strong stock market recession, during which there is fear of investing, panic, getting rid of already undervalued shares, bonds, derivatives, etc. (bear market). Bull market and bear market phases appear periodically, sometimes cyclically in succession. If in capital markets, including securities, the importance of emotions can be an important factor influencing the decisions of individual investors, then the issue of financial market psychology may be an important topic of scientific research. Another interesting research issue is the determination of the importance of increasing the automation of the process of placing stock exchange orders in connection with the use of automated transaction systems by investment banks. Therefore, in the context of the above issues, it may be important to verify the research thesis that the growing importance of automated IT transaction systems used for computer orders for the purchase and sale of securities may reduce the impact of financial market psychology. If it was possible to examine this correlation, then another research issue for which a research project could be launched would be to determine the impact of automated IT transaction systems used by investment banks on the issue of stabilizing the stock market situation, the period of recovery after the emergence of the stock market crash, etc.
What research methods are used to analyze the behavioral and pragmatic behavior of individual investors operating in financial markets, including capital and securities markets? In addition, in related issues it is also interesting to find the answer to the following question: What currently dominate research methods are used to analyze behavioral and pragmatic consumer behavior in specific markets? Are there methods for precisely measuring consumers' pragmatic attitudes? The key is to distinguish the determinants that shape consumer behavior in market conditions. In my opinion, a good method of collecting data for the needs of this type of analysis are survey research methods, which cover consumers of a specific, cross-sectional group, segment of citizens, with specific characteristics. Then statistical elaboration of the results of conducted research should provide analytical material for the formulation of specific assessments and characteristics of both behavioral and pragmatism of specific actions undertaken by a selected segment of participants in a specific market, e.g. consumers of specific types of products and services.
In addition, advertising of consumer products and services serves to increase the demand for the advertised offer, and thus significantly affects the increase in consumption and also indirectly to change the behavioral behavior of social behavior and also to increase consumerism. In developed and developing economies, advertising is largely responsible for the rise in consumerism, but it is not easy to investigate to determine precisely what quantitative dimension this impact is. In connection with the above, in recent years the importance of the issues of data sentiment analysis obtained from social media portals has been growing in Big Data systems. For many companies, social media portals such as Facebook, Tweeter and others are a source of data on shopping and behavioral preferences used by companies operating in various industries and sectors for the purposes of marketing activities.
In line with the above, in my opinion the importance and applications of economics and behavioral finance have been growing in recent years. The above considerations show that many determinants are currently operating that shape changes in behavioral responses of investors in capital markets and consumer behavior in consumer goods markets.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
I conduct research in this area. The conclusions of the research I published in scientific publications that are available on the Research Gate portal.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following questions:
- What research methods are used to analyze behavioral and pragmatic consumer behavior in specific markets?
- What research methods are used to analyze the behavioral and pragmatic behavior of individual investors operating on financial markets, including capital and securities markets?
- What are currently theories of the development of emotional intelligence and logical intelligence in the context of research conducted in the field of behavioral finance?
- What are the main determinants of research on behavioral reactions of investors on capital markets and consumer behavior on consumer goods markets?
- Do advertisements of consumer products and services increase consumption and increase consumption?
- Is the importance of psychology of financial markets and behavioral economics in securities markets decreasing after the global financial crisis?
- Is capital market behavioral psychology still very important for capital markets?
- After the global financial crisis of 2008, is the capital behavioral psychology of the behavior of investors operating on these markets still important in capital markets?
- Are the determinants of investor behavioral factors still strong in recent years on the world's largest stock exchanges, including psychology of financial markets in interpreting changes in stock market trends on these markets?
- After the global financial crisis, are investors operating in the securities markets more cautious in making investment decisions, or do they more thoroughly analyze the investment risk of investing in capital markets?
- Were studies previously conducted to determine possible changes in the significance of financial market psychology and behavioral economics in capital markets, including securities markets, after the global financial crisis of 2008?
- If research shows that the importance of financial market psychology and behavioral economics on capital markets is decreasing, what is this mainly determined by?
- Is it the result of post-crisis greater awareness of investment risk among investors, or also a change in the structure of the dominant segments of investors operating on capital markets, or is it also the result of an increase in the number of transactions carried out by computerized transaction systems?
- How are behavioral finances related to behavioral behavior of investors operating on the securities markets changing due to the increasing use of ICT and Industry 4.0 in the scope of development and increasing the share in concluded automatic transactions, computerized transaction systems used by banks and investment funds performing short-term transactions , speculative, lasting even fractions of a second but with the use of large funds, so large that they are inaccessible to the average individual investor?
- What are the dominant, model behavioral reactions of investors operating on the securities markets?
- To what extent do changes in the behavior of individual investors in securities markets correlate with periodically occurring in these markets overvaluation (bull market) and undervaluation (bear market) valuation of securities?
- Do strong correlations of changes in behavioral responses of individual investors, i.e. periodically overvaluing (bull market) and undervaluing (bear market) valuation of certain assets also apply to other financial, capital and other markets? (e.g. derivative markets, currency markets, real estate markets, etc.)
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply
I invite you to discussion
thank you very much
Best wishes
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
9 answers
Imagine there are NO production costs, neither economic costs,…..
-
How production would be priced then?
-
And this answer brings the question: How perfect market competition theory, short term and long term, would look like under full cost externalization? What are the sustainability implications of this?
-
Any ideas!
-
Note: This question and answer are related to my current project/article on the works shared below: “The road towards sustainability markets: Linking cost externalization to market structure and price structure using qualitative comparative means. https://www.researchgate.net/project/The-road-towards-sustainability-markets-Linking-cost-externalization-to-market-structure-and-price-structure-using-qualitative-comparative-means
Relevant answer
Answer
You are right to state that, under the current economic conditions, money is access to energy, i.e. your mind game, Lucio, requires a different monetary system, where the money supply is tied to a clean energy index or the like. Coasian bargaining could be a helpful tool to develop such an economic thought model. Economic systems evolution does not happen from alone, it requires creative thinkers like you, who anticpate alternative pathways for the eco-logical working of future markets. Concerning horses, our last working horse (‘Rudolph’) for farm work died in 2012, but I never went to school by horse, only by a little donkey (‘Francis‘).
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
30 answers
When there is a paradigm shift the main card falls.......,
For example when we shifted from traditional market thinking to green market thinking in 2012, the perfect market thinking of Adam Smith fell......
If the main card falls, in this case the Adam Smith's movel, all other cards supporting it or being supported by it would fall too; and this is because you cannot push or step on an island that no longer exist.....
This shift must push on the growth of knowledge to close the paradigm shift knowledge gap needed to operate in the new market....
And this raises the question, Should we expect a house of cards fall down effect when there is a paradigm shift? I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
The answer is not plain yes or no, back or while; there is a lot of grey in between. The answer may vary from paradigm to paradigm and degree of deviation in old and new. Paradigm shifts may happen in a way that old paradigm may remain relevant to explain the realities of the time when it prevailed. In such cases, the new paradigm may simply be an improvement on the old paradigm to match the current realities. Karl Marx’s conflict approach was suitable to explain early industrial societies. Neo Marxism became more relevant without completely undoing Marxist principles. I can go on to state subsequent changes in societies and emergence of new paradigms to match the new realities but I will save that for later on.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
5 answers
When there is a set of parameters for drug-likeness such as MW, LogP, HBD, HBA, etc., why are some commercially available drugs which are known to best don't satisfy it? 
Relevant answer
Answer
Lipinski’s rules are only guidelines and can be violated in relevant cases
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
33 answers
Reaganomics refers to policy world of President Reagan, and Trumpconomics refers to the policy world of President Trump.
Comparing these two world views leads to a similarity and some differences, hence the question: Can you see the similarity and the differences between them?
What do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Paul: No, I don't see the difference. Can you kindly explain in more detail the difference?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
8 answers
We know today that the traditional market of Adam Smith was a fully distorted markets in environmenal and social terms as it assumed social and environmental externality neutrality...
In 2012 a consensus was reached to correct Adam Smith's traditional market model to make it environmentally friendly or making it reflect environmental concerns....
The correction of Adam Smith model could have been done in two ways:
a) Externality internalization by adding a green margin to the traditional market price creating that way green market prices; and
b) by externality managment by bringing an array of green taxes creating that way dwarf green market prices.
Which correction do you think leads to the most efficent, science based, traditional market correction?....
I think correction a) externality internalization, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Sharing publication
The Flipping of Traditional Economic Thinking: Contrasting the Working of Dwarf Green Market Thinking with that of Green Market Thinking to Highlight Main Differences and Implications
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
14 answers
Perfect markets work the best under free markets....remember Adam Smith's free invisible hand in the case of the traditional market which the old capitalist world appears to have forgotten now since 2012?...No government intervention needed as it would distort the perfect traditional markets, remember the saying?.
When there is paradigm shift you shift from lower perfect market structures to higher perfect market structures; and those higher level perfect market structures do their best too under free markets....For example, the 2012 shift from perfect traditional market thinking to perfect green market thinking means that now we are in the world of green markets, which are driven by the free green invisible hand...so it is also based on free market thinking, free green market thinking to be exact in this case...No government intervention is needed as it would distort the perfect green market...
However in theory in 2012 UNCSD Rio +20 the world/UN world shifted to green markets, green growth and green economy, but in practice they started going the non-green market way soon after with ideas like low carbon based development markets or carbon pricing based markets...these are dwarf green markets based on non-free market thinking requiring heavy and ongoing government intervention through an array of taxes that have nothing to do with green markets; and therefore should not be called “green taxes, but dwarf green taxes”.
I wonder why the UN economists/thinkers decided to go in practice using non-free market thinking based approaches, which are now being implemented by all signature countries of the 2015 Paris Agreement?.
Have the UN, the World Bank, FAO, IMF and all governments signatures of that Paris aggreement given up with the idea “free markets are best”? Could they not see that low carbon based markets are not green markets; and therefore they are not connected to the perfect green market price or the actual environmental externality that needs to be internalized?...Is this green dwarf market world the end of free market thinking that has ruled the world since 1776 / Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations?.
I think for the moment yes, the world is under non-free markets as the green market paradigm shift knowledge gap has not let businesses/firms and ordinary consumers to see that they are being pushed into non-free market territory while they like to live in free market territory....but soon they will learn and ask why  they were told we are going the green market way, a free market way, but went the dwarf market way, a non-free market way?....what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Sharing article
The Flipping of Traditional Economic Thinking: Contrasting the Working of Dwarf Green Market Thinking with that of Green Market Thinking to Highlight Main Differences and Implications
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
19 answers
Just think about it, red socialism came under extreme capitalism pressure that was forcing it to either adapt or evolve, pressure that led to adapting as new capitalist markets since 1991.....
Those in favor of adaptation in 1991 had the advantage that there was no traditional market paradigm shift knowledge gap as micro and macroeconomic knowledge is a given so they knew what to do and the paradigm flip took place from socially friendly, but economic unfriendly red socialism to socially unfriendly, but economic friendly capitalism.....
Those in favor of evolving had the disadvantage in 1991 as there was a deep red market paradigm shift knowledge gap as red micro and red macroeconomic knowledge did not exist so they did not know what to do and let the paradigm flip go unchallenged.....so the shift needed to keep Karl Marx's dream alive did not take place, the shift from socially friendly, but economy unfriendly red socialism to the socially and economy friendly red socialism or red market model.
The ideas shared above raise the question, Is the red market paradigm shift knowledge gap behind the flip from red socialism to pure capitalism? I think yes, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Paul. my apologies if I sound too rough, I am here just to share ideas, not to impose ideas.
Just as red socialist countries missed the opportuniy to transition from economy unfriendly red socialism to economy friendly red socialism to close the social sustainability gap step by step as Karl Marx wanted pure capitalist countries have not find the way to shift properly either to socially friendly capitalism or green capitalism.....in both cases the shift came and they did not see it coming just as Thomas Kuhn said it happens....those inside the box do not see it, those outside the box will see it,,,in borh cases we are now trying to fix what they left us....
But China under this red market knowledge gap made some key moves way before the 1991 fall of red socialism that allow it to maintain political control of a dwarf red socialism model left as they slowly allowed capitalism in....
You may find the following article interesting as you are familiar with things on the ground in China....
Nationalization as Privatization in Reverse: Understanding the Nature of the Commons to Identify a Possible Point of Optimal Nationalization.
Feel free to comment any time
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
3 answers
We know that trickledown ideas are indirect ways of dealing with externalities hoping that as dominant components do better  or expand or grow the passive or dominated or exploited components will some how share too one day in the benefits of that growth....So if we know the externalities, we know or we should be able to guess the nature of the trickle down effect expectations associated with such a model...
In the traditional market model of Adam Smith there are two externalities, social and environmental, but the classic trickle down effect is associated only with social issues/externalities(e.g. poverty), not environmental issues.  And this is a theoretical inconsistency that may be explained by the fact that environmental issues are issues that relatively recently became relevant issues as compared to social issues...
In the perfect green market only social issues are externalities so the green trickle down effect  and expectation is related to social issues only(e.g. poverty).
What about in perfect red market? what is or should be the expectation  and the nature of red trickle down effect? Any ideas?
Relevant answer
Answer
Sharing food for thoughts:
An Overview of the 1848 Karl Marx's Capitalism Fix Dilemmas: How a Step by Step Road Towards Economy Friendly Red Socialism May Have Looked Had Marx Stated it?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
39 answers
The markets being planned and in some cases implemented to deal with environmental issues such as pollution, it seems, are no longer being required to meet perfect, free market thinking, where free producers and free consumers determine the price at which to produce and consume.
Economists seem now fine with permanent government intervention setting up environmentally related market prices. And this raises the question, has economic thinking been flipped in the face of the environmental pressures since 2012 UNCSD Rio plus 20? If yes, is that good in the long-term?
Relevant answer
Answer
Good day Joseph, First, I am trying to keep comments within the scope of this question, traditional economic thinking flipping or not in responding to environmental crisis, and it seems yes.
With respect to your last comment, if a model is distorted would you expect the predictions to be trusted?....Since Adam Smith assumed social and environmental externality neutrality you can not use it to deal with socio-economic issues or eco-economic issues, as only the economy matters. If you do not properly correct the adam smith model to close social and/or environmental sustainability gaps(eg green markets) and use for example dwarf green markets, do you think the predictions can be trusted?.
You mentioned climate change program, it is a science based program being inplemented through dwarf green markets, not green markets....
If you have anything to add to the question of economic thinking flipping feel free to write otherwise let's leave it here.
Gracias por sus comentarios!
I think you can find some good food for thoughts related to your last comment in the following articles:
Complex and Man-made Markets: Are We Currently Approaching Sustainability in a Backward and More Chaotic Way in Terms of Economic Thinking? https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281277199_Complex_and_Man-made_Markets_Are_We_Currently_Approaching_Sustainability_in_a_Backward_and_More_Chaotic_Way_in_Terms_of_Economic_Thinking
-
Did Adam Smith Miss the Chance to State the Goal and Structure of Sustainability Markets in His Time? If Yes, Which Could Be Some of the Possible Reasons Behind That? https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286625136_Did_Adam_Smith_Miss_the_Chance_to_State_the_Goal_and_Structure_of_Sustainability_Markets_in_His_Time_If_Yes_Which_Could_Be_Some_of_the_Possible_Reasons_Behind_That
-
-
The Unintended Consequences of Paradigm Death and Shift: Was the Arrow Impossibility Theorem Left Behind? https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299879934_The_Unintended_Consequences_of_Paradigm_Death_and_Shift_Was_the_Arrow_Impossibility_Theorem_Left_Behind
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
8 answers
Just think about it , we do not yet have set up green markets, and therefore we have failed to meet the 2012 UNCSD goal at Rio plus 20 so far, that of shifting to green markets and the green economies.
And that may explain why everywhere you look, you see now either carbon pricing or cap and trade thinking is taking hold as the best way to address environmental issues, not green markets.
And that means as far as I know that for the first time since Adam Smith we are now not just calling for, but praising government intervention.
As you know or should know, carbon pricing or cap and trade markets are not free markets.
And this raises the question, was the Rio plus 20 called to shift to green markets a call for government intervention?
I do not think so, what do you think?
Relevant answer
Answer
Good day Usama, thank you for taking the time to comment.
Markets shift from perfect market to perfect market when corrected so the 2012 Rio plus 20 marked a shift from perfect traditional market thinking to perfect green market thinking to move towards green economies and green growth after correcting it to reflect the environmental costs of doing business....These are free markets so no government intervention is needed if they are set up well and therefore they are working out well. So the UNCSD at rio plus 20 was not calling for goverment intervention, it was calling for governments to shift their structures from traditional economies to green economies, both free market economies.
If there is permanent government intervention, there are no free markets....so permanent government intervention to achieve environmental goals means NO FREE GREEN MARKETS, but what I call "dwarf green markets".
If government intervention is necessary, especially permanently means the markets are not properly set up....
I appreciate your comment
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
5 answers
Nordberg, Campbell and a third author wrote an article about market-based contracts for alliances in high-tech markets.
Relevant answer
Answer
Mpodi Moloi did you get the answer to this question
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
9 answers
Crowdfunding is not valid for business ventures. Multilevel marketers did it which was illegal. Crowdborrowing is appropriate for business ventures.
Relevant answer
Answer
There is a fundamental misconception in society that a business venture benefits only to the business owners. While a profit becomes necessary for the business to carry on their operation, it is primarily the society, which draws benefit from a venture, in terms of availability of novel products and services /jobs etc.
Hence, if an enterprise can demonstrate how its activity can benefit the society in exponential manner, like catering to some essential needs to an under-developed area/ demography, then the enterprise may have a valid claim for crowdfunding.
However, once again, an ethical claim may not be always legally tenable, and the legality depends much on the wisdom of law-makers from country to country.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
9 answers
The 2012 Rio plus 20 was supposed to be an orderly perfect shift from traditional markets/economies to green markets/green economies through an as painless as possible transition, yet soon after 2012 the solutions went quickly the dwarf green market way, a way that to be implemented requires on going for ever government intervention....and that is okay as dwarf green markets are not perfect markets.
And this leads to my question, Do dwarf green market solutions place governments in direct line of popular environmental backlash in the long term leaving consumer and producer responsibility off the hook?. I think yes, what do you think?.
Relevant answer
Answer
Those interested in green market thinking may find the following article full of food for thoughts
From Traditional Markets to Green Markets: A Look at Markets Under Perfect Green Market Competition
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
19 answers
To minimize the pollution impacts of the old dirty economy only model on the environment is the goal of green markets to ensure environmental sustainability and addressing the economy polluting problem of the dominant non-renewable energy based economy.
But what would be really best for environmental sustainability would be a dominant, if not fully, renewable energy based economy.
Therefore, clean economies would be better than green economies in environmental sustainability terms. But the need to transition to the clean economy is not mention in millennium development goal # 7; it only has goals to reduce pollution, to increase renewable energy sources apparently as complements, but not goals for planning for as transition from green economies, still a partially dirty economy, to clean economies and have clean energy as permanent substitue for dirty energy..
Why neither of the 17 sustainable development goals including SDG #7 are capturing the need, which we know it will come, to transition to clean economies?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Dariusz, thank you for your comment...
I asked the question to bring attention to what main stream thinkers in the development agenda may have missed or are missing....
When the bruntland commission/1987 told us to go beyond business as usual I thought about a two step long term approach:
a) to move from full dirty economies to partially clean economies(green markets
b) to transition from green markets or partially clean economy to fully clean markets
While the original millenium development goals, the 2012 shift to green market thinking, the new UN development goals, and the paris agreements all talk about green markets/green economies, they do not talk about the need in the end to transition to a fully clean economy.
As you may know, the history of what happened after the 2012 shift from perfect tradtional market theory to perfect green market theory to achieve a perfect shift to green market or green economies shows that the theory does not match the current practice....in practice since 2012 we have moved towards a world of DWARF GREEN MARKETS...markets under eternal government intervention....
Have a nice day!
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
18 answers
This question is based on a study investigating the influence of firm leverage on market performance in high intangible growth prospects.
Relevant answer
Answer
Interesting..
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
3 answers
Quercivorol (p-Menth-2-en-1-ol) is a standard attractant (lure) for ambrosia beetles. I'm trying to do a trial using it but I couldn't found a source for the commercial grade Quercivorol. Can any one help me on this??
Relevant answer
Answer
If any information not available ...then you do research on standardization of pheromone doses at different level...
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
13 answers
My thesis is about effects of Brexit on the GBP and bond markets and the tool used for measuring this impact is event study. I am wondering if I could use eventsudymetrics or stata for my project.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Atieh
I recommend WRDS from the Wharton School of the university of Pennsylvania. See:
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
5 answers
I am trying to measure a growth curve (OD 600 nm vs. time) of a yeast culture stressed by small molecule drugs using a plate reader, but the cells start aggregating during the measurement using the plate reader available at our institute. I need ~950 rpm on a Titramax shaker to keep them in suspension. Any suggestions welcome!
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Martin,
Thank you for your answer.
We end up choosing the SpectraMax M2 from molecular devices.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
I am looking for an overview of approved biodegradable polymer implants (FDA, CE, etc) that are already in the market. 
Relevant answer
Answer
does anybody know where I can find some info in regards of bioresorbable polymer production for medical devices ? is it mandatory that the polymer production (bacterial fermentation) is done in GMP certified labs? ISO13485? or let s say that doing a process validation of the fermentation followed by a DSP under GMP and/or ISO13485 would be enough?
thank you in advance for any feedback
Monica
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
8 answers
We need a planar heat flux sensor array to get spatially resolved informations of the heat flux. They need to be temperature resistant up to 400 °C and, in best case, do also measure the absolute temperature.
Does anybody know, if there is something like that available on the market?
Relevant answer
Answer
I´d like to give a little update and answer my own question: I have found two manufacturers, which sell high temeperature resistant heat flux sensors: iTi inc. and MesoScribe Technologies inc.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
14 answers
I have applied the Granger causality test between oil returns and American stock market indexes (returns), finding unidirectional relantionship from the latter to the first.
When I perform the test on European stock markets indexes (returns), anyway, I found no such evidence, even if I have detected an "oil" significative effect on these markets.
What do you think may be the cause of this?
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
3 answers
About the remunicipalization. Could temporary organizations supply permanent and vital services? It's the case of private companies in the permanent and necessary market.
Relevant answer
Answer
It may vary depending on the networks to exchange knowledge among temporary/permanent organizations.
See,
Capó-Vicedo, J., Mula, J., & Capó, J. (2011). A social network-based organizational model for improving knowledge management in supply chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 16(4), 284-293.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
5 answers
I suppose when a firm is entering a market in the form of FDI, its competitor would assume that the firm is showing credible commitment to compete in the market, as mentioned in or part of Chen's (1996) Awareness, Motivation and Capability framework. But is there any empirical evidence in previous research (yet)?
Relevant answer
Answer
Buckley, P. J., Clegg, J., and Wang, C. (2002). The impact of inward FDI on the performance of Chinese manufacturing firms. Journal of International Business Studies, 33, 637-655.
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
2 answers
i need supportive information about marine microorganisms derived drugs available in market for different therapeutic uses..
Relevant answer
Answer
There are anti-cancer drugs produced by the Spanish company
Pharmamar. You can visit their web-page for more info:
Good luck!
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
12 answers
Donald Trump's recent global strategy sees Africa as market for US goods. According to him, “We will offer American goods and services, both because it is profitable for us and because it serves as an alternative to China’s often extractive economic footprint on the continent”. What is i this strategy for African countries? Or is just to the benefit of Trump's America, a la "America First" mantra?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear John,
It seems to be the mantra - again...
But I believe that if governors of African countries were able to negotiate good contracts, they can "use" this advantage of Africa as a big market to make it all good not just for America.
But, indeed, it´s a big challenge. I agree with you that the mantra can overcome all this and let Africa behind again. UNFORTUNATELY!
All my best wishes.
Prof. Hess
  • asked a question related to Markets
Question
4 answers
Looking for a qualitative response to the reasons for South African internationalization (born globals)
Relevant answer