Science topics: Maritime
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Recently, the demand for a faster , low-latency, and full-coverage Maritime Communication Network (MCN) has gained attention as marine operations have increased substantially. Using modern information network technologies and integrating space, air, ground, and sea network segments, MCN may be able to offer worldwide coverage and diverse Quality-of...
Article
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The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of intraseasonal variability in the tropics and has a documented influence on extratropical extreme weather through modulation of synoptic atmospheric conditions. MJO phase has been correlated with anomalous tornado and severe hail frequency in the United States (US). However, the robustness...
Article
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Sea monitoring is essential for a better understanding of its dynamics and to measure the impact of human activities. In this context, remote sensing plays an important role by providing satellite imagery every day, even in critical climate conditions, for the detection of sea events with a potential risk to the environment. The present work propos...
Article
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Freshwater ecosystems are important contributors to the global greenhouse gas budget and a comprehensive assessment of their role in the context of global warming is essential. Despite many reports on freshwater ecosystems, relatively little attention has been given so far to those located in the southern hemisphere and our current knowledge is par...
Preprint
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The recent revelations of Daniel Ellsberg, from his nuclear war planning years during the administrations of Eisenhower and Kennedy, and the sidelining of prudent voices like US Ambassador Chas Freeman, have not eased anxieties over gathering storm clouds in the Asia-Pacific region. In the 1980s, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) opposed t...
Article
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The melting of Arctic Sea ice has significantly facilitated Arctic shipping. However, such increased shipping has brought about higher maritime accidents in Arctic waters, especially for grounding and fire/explosion accidents. The paper presents a framework for quantitative analysis of the causation of grounding accidents in Arctic shipping by deve...
Article
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Over the past decades, there has been a growing concern about microplastics pollution in global aquatic habitats and its potential impact on human health. This study was carried out to determine the presence of microplastics in fish of economic importance in Ghana. Microplastics were found to be abundant in all investigated samples, with 68 % of th...
Article
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While the concept of smart shipping is expected to shape the future of the maritime industry, its safety is still a major concern. New risks might emerge when shifting from human controllers onboard, to autonomous software controllers and remote human controllers. The uncertainties associated with the emerging risks require an efficient decision-ma...
Article
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Maritime Asia remains crucial to global economic growth and prosperity. Nearly 40% of the world's seaborne trade transits the South China Sea each year, and nine of the top ten busiest container ports in the world are located in the Indo-Pacific region. But uncertainties also pervade the region as governments struggle to combat numerous security ch...
Article
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The exploitation of submarine cables and pipelines, notwithstanding its transboundary character, has become an inseparable element of the world economy over the last century. However, this maritime activity is associated with a high risk, and accidentally occurring events. Both may supervene as caused by human venture and natural factors, that may...
Article
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Historically, the sparseness of in situ open-ocean wave and weather observations has severely limited the forecast skill of weather over the ocean with major social and economic consequences for coastal communities and maritime industries. Ocean surface waves, specifically, are important for the interaction between atmosphere and ocean, and thus ke...
Article
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The Subarctic and Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere contain productive ecosystems teeming with fish, shellfish, birds, sea mammals and seaweeds. These waters support coastal communities and productive industrial fisheries today, but things are changing. As climate warms, taxa are moving north, reassembling in new ecological configurations and...
Article
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Many shipping companies have started using scrubbers in their fleet to eliminate sulfur emissions from ships, per IMO (International Maritime Organization) rules. Before and during the scrubbers’ selection, the scrubbers’ operational failures have also started to appear and cause serious concerns. In this study, classified scrubber types are explai...
Preprint
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In the future, maritime autonomous surface ships (MASS) will become more advanced, and mariners will move from the bridge to remote operation centres. To avoid dangerous situations and frequent intervention from the operators, a MASS needs to perceive the environment and calculate the current state and future intention of nearby ships. Another chal...
Article
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The Mediterranean Sea, once an area fragmented between north and south with limited contacts between them, is today gradually becoming a united geopolitical space with effective synergies. Over recent years, all the states of the greater region have increasingly reoriented their strategic outlook towards the Mediterranean to varying degrees. Among...
Preprint
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Historical time-series data of container traffic in ports are characterised by strong randomness that causes the time-series prediction performance to vary significantly. In this sense, the prediction accuracy differs as a function of exogenous variables related to port characteristics and the maritime shipping context. Thus, the measuring problem...
Presentation
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RUSSIA BUSINESS INVASION IN MYANMAR UPDATE COLLECTION 04 AUGUST 2022 Myanmar may interest to acquire Brahmos cruise missile Naval News August 2022 Navy Forces Maritime Defense Industry ARTICLE CATEGORY POSTED ON TUESDAY, 02 AUGUST 2022 15:39 https://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/naval-news/naval-news-archive/2022/august/12009-myanmar-may-intere...
Article
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In today’s international trading system, most cargoes are transported by sea. In parallel with increasing trade volume, shipping trade and thus maritime traffic are also increasing. The smooth functioning of global trade depends on the safety of shipping trade routes. Given that ships may encounter dangers at sea, it is important to ensure their sa...
Article
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Global fish stocks are facing a crisis, with nearly all classified as either fully exploited, overexploited or significantly depleted. China is the largest contributor to this problem as a world leader in both fishery exports and imports. It is simultaneously responsible for 15 per cent of the global total of caught fish and one-third of fish consu...
Article
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This study provides an empirical analysis of the injury severity outcomes of maritime accidents by exploring the influential factors for two underlying injury severity states: the injury-free state and the injury-prone state. The former may reflect the generation mechanism of accidents with limited potential to result in injury outcomes, whereas, t...
Article
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In June and July 2020, the Plum Rain region around the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River experienced historically sustained heavy rainfall. During this period, the western section of the Western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) continued to extend westward and remained in southern China, providing a strong and stabilized moisture channel...
Article
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Global efforts to decarbonize the energy sector are necessary to curb global warming, and many countries plan to achieve this through the rapid deployment of offshore wind power. However, the deployment will likely decelerate if local fishers plying their trade near maritime areas likely to host offshore wind farms oppose the deployments due to ant...
Article
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Plate structures are the integral parts of any maritime engineering platform. With the recent focus on composite structures, the need for optimizing their design and functionality has now been tremendously realized. In this paper, a comprehensive study is carried out on the effectiveness and optimization performance of three metaheuristic algorithm...
Technical Report
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Legislating for the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) is complex, due to the holistic nature of the EAF involving multiple factors that underpin the social, economic, environmental, and institutional aspects of fisheries sustainability. These factors include ecosystems integration, risks, inter-sectoral collaboration, research, participatory pr...
Article
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The September rainfall over Northern China (NC) in 2021 was the heaviest since 1961 and had unprecedented socioeconomic impacts. Holding the hypothesis that the drivers of extreme climate events usually contain extreme factors, we firstly propose the Ranking Attribution Method (RAM) to find the possible air–sea multi-factors responsible for this ra...
Article
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Potential areas for the development of a floating offshore wind farm by means of the levelised cost of energy (LCOE) are studied through a case study in the Republic of Ireland. Eligible locations are ascertained by acknowledging the characteristics of the national maritime landscape – areas reserved for aquaculture, natural parks and areas with in...
Conference Paper
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Digital skills have become increasingly important in various sectors such as marine transportation. Changing job demands require the proficiency in digital skills to thrive in an increasingly complex 21st century work environments. Maritime domain has witnessed steady changes in the way education and training are delivered for preparing its future...
Conference Paper
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Several urban archaeological investigations conducted during the early 1980 s enabled Pisa to be counted among other Etruscan cities of a more ancient origin. Of significance is the excavation of Trench D, carried out in Piazza del Duomo between 1985–1988. Here, the period between 4th cent. and 1st cent. B. C. coincided with a deep change in the ur...
Preprint
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The rise in demand for underwater wireless communication networks (UWCN) has been driven by the emergence of new applications including unmanned underwater vehicles, deep-sea exploration, maritime and underwater archaeology research, and diver communications. For various applications, underwater network lifetime must be long, since unlike terrestri...
Article
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With the continual development of modern transportation technology and artificial intelligence technology, how to recognize the complex phenomenon of ship behavior existing in maritime traffic has become a hot topic. Maritime traffic is a complex system, the emergence of ship behavior is a leading cause of traffic complexity, and make up the core i...
Article
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Lay Description What is already known about this topic Recent meta‐analyses have found a small effect size benefit to using immersive virtual reality (IVR) learning interventions compared to than less‐immersive learning approaches. Recent reviews call for more IVR‐based research that is integrated within actual learning and training interventions....
Article
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Hitchhiking bistatic radar system takes the direct wave signal that is transmitted by the non-cooperative radar emitter as the reference to detect and analyze the target echo signal, so as to realize the positioning and tracking of the target. This radar system has the advantages of low cost and strong survivability. Aiming at the problem of passiv...
Article
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Knowledge map is a new method of knowledge management with the information revolution. This paper is aimed at forming a systematic and standardized huge redundant knowledge structure, which can be used to mine the knowledge structure and the relationship between knowledge and visualize it in a graphical way, in order to obtain more representative i...
Article
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A B S T R A K Keamanan nasional merunjuk pada kebijakan publik untuk memastikan keselamatan dan keamanan negara melintasi penggunaan kuasa ekonomi dan militer dan penjalinan diplomasi, dalam keadaan damai dan perang. Dalam mewujudkan keamanan nasional, sebuah negara harus mempunyai keamanan ekonomi, energi, lingkungan, dan lain-lain. Ancaman keaman...
Presentation
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The geographic constraints and opportunities underpinning strategic cultures have continuously helped researchers and practitioners analyze, mostly from a qualitative standpoint, broad trends and patterns pervading states’ foreign policies. Historically, Chinese strategic culture was considerably shaped by a geography that made China vulnerable to...
Article
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There are strong links between heritage and the environment yet, heritage is not fully included in existing ecosystem‐based frameworks. Different understandings of heritage values exist, and heritage values are not yet related to key value categories in environmental values research. To address this gap and facilitate a common values‐based approach...
Article
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Accurate evaluation of the risk mitigation status of navigating ships is essential for guaranteeing navigational safety. This research mainly focuses on the feasibility and accuracy of evaluating the real effectiveness of a risk mitigation system for navigating ships, including addressing the problem of immeasurableness for risk mitigation capabili...
Article
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The ocean comprises an uninterrupted body of salt water confined within a vast basin on the earth’s surface. The ocean is the largest ecosystem on earth with rich and diverse biological resources. Organisms that reside in salty water are referred to as “marine life.” Plants, animals, and microorganisms including archaea and bacteria are examples of...
Preprint
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The next generation of wireless systems will take the concept of communications and networking to another level through the seamless integration of terrestrial, aerial, satellite, maritime and underwater communication systems. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is an innovative technology which, with its singular features and functionalities,...
Article
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Resumen: El estudio de las ánforas y sellos pertenecientes al periodo de la República tar-dorromana (III - II a. n. e.) es de gran importancia para entender las rutas comerciales roma-nas marítimas establecidas entre las regiones del Mediterráneo occidental. El comercio de vino era generalizado entre estas antiguas rutas, siendo su estudio una de l...
Article
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Ship arrival in port is a complicated process that involves many parties and requires careful coordination. This paper adds to earlier knowledge on ship arrival processes through a detailed process mining analysis of the ship arrival process in the Port of Antwerp. We employ event logs from AIS data to analyze the coordination process that ports ca...
Article
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Maritime shipping is under increasing pressure to alleviate its environmental impact. To this end, life-cycle footprint accounting provides a foundation for taking targeted measures in the green transition of shipping. This study used the process-based hybrid life-cycle inventory (LCI) modeling approach to estimate the "cradle-to-propeller" footpri...
Article
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After the International Maritime Organisation introduced the Maritime Cyber Risk Management in Safety Management Systems Resolution in 2017, with the compliance date set for January 2021, the Maritime industry has displayed an increased focus on its cyber-security. This quantitative research, supported by the socio-technical perspective, explores t...
Article
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It is evident that nations, especially resident Indo-Pacific nations, the US and its allies, and the QUAD which structure can be considered a mix of allies and strategic partners, are shaping the Indo-Pacific as a free and open maritime domain, which is a major global convergence factor. Bilateral or multilateral maritime exercises form a major par...
Article
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This study focuses on the automation of terminal equipment used to handle containers. A dataset was compiled, which includes 63 fully and semi-automated container terminals in operation around the world, their organizational features, technical dimensions, and the maritime and urban markets they serve. The data analysis focuses on where, when, unde...
Article
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Development of liquified natural gas (LNG) ISO tank in Indonesia pays significant attention due to this product is still imported and it has high LNG market potential. In addition, this research is in line with national research priorities in the maritime sector to implement energy equality in Indonesia. As a first step in the research, the ISO tan...
Article
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Due to imbalances in the global transport of containerised goods, liner shipping companies go to great lengths to match the regional supply and demand for empty containers by transporting equipment from surplus to deficit regions. Making accurate forecasts of regional empty container availability could support liner companies and other involved act...
Article
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Key nodes of sea lanes are important hubs for global trade and cargo transportation and play important roles in ensuring the safety of maritime transportation and maintaining the stability of the global supply chain. The safety guarantee of key nodes of sea lanes is facing more risks and higher requirements currently because the global shipping ind...
Article
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We quantify the criticality of the world’s 1300 most important ports for global supply chains by predicting the allocation of trade flows on the global maritime transport network, which we link to a global supply-chain database to evaluate the importance of ports for the economy. We find that 50% of global trade in value terms is maritime, with low...
Article
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Today, the maritime domain is at the cusp of a new era, driven by technological advances in automation, robotics, multi-sensor perception, and artificial intelligence (AI), together with digitalization and connectivity. Smart ship infrastructure and technology, remotely controlled and autonomous ship operation to improve safety, security, cost-effi...
Article
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Mapping potential changes in bioclimatic characteristics are critical for planning mitigation goals and climate change adaptation. Assessment of such changes is particularly important for Southeast Asia (SEA) — home to global largest ecological diversity. Twenty-three global climate models (GCMs) of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CM...
Preprint
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Small object detection (SOD) in optical images and videos is a challenging problem that even state-of-the-art generic object detection methods fail to accurately localize and identify such objects. Typically, small objects appear in real-world due to large camera-object distance. Because small objects occupy only a small area in the input image (e....
Article
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Understanding and representing traffic patterns are key to detecting anomalous trajectories in the transportation domain. However, some trajectories can exhibit heterogeneous maneuvering characteristics despite confining to normal patterns. Thus, we propose a novel graph-based trajectory representation and association scheme for extraction and conf...
Article
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The article encodes the data of piracy cases in recent ten years provided by the international maritime administration and splits the cases into nine variables: the occurrence sea area, whether the pirates boarded the vessel, the status of infringed ship, the type of vessel infringed, the registry of the infringed ship, carrying weapons by the pira...
Article
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Prostate cancer is the number one cancer in males in Africa, both in terms of incidence and mortality, accounting for 40,000 (13%) male cancers and 28,000 (11.3%) male cancer-associated deaths. In the developed world, the probability of being diagnosed with cancer is more than twice as high as in developing countries. In developing countries, most...
Article
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Freight transport via ships is the cheapest and most effective way to transfer more than 80% of the global cargo volume. Seafarers have always been multinational, and accordingly, non-English-speaking crew members are becoming an increasing presence on board. Although marine engineers comprise half of the crews among all seafarers on board ships, S...
Article
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Sea fog is a dangerous weather phenomenon that seriously affects maritime traffic and other operations at sea. The conventional sea fog detection methods are not only difficult to make full advantage of the multispectral information of cloud images, but also deficient in the exploration of deep-level semantic information, leading to poor detection...
Presentation
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Final Discussion, country report, to introduce Uganda's culture, scenery, traditional customs, Suggestions and Requests, etc
Article
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Rusia nu se va opri la Luhansk și Doneczk". (S. Lavrov, ministru al propagandei ruse) Au trecut 150 de zile, 3600 de ore, 216000 minute de la începerea Marelui Război pentru Apărarea Patriei de către ucraineni, declanșat de ursul turbat din est, rașistul V. Putin. Pentru ucrainenii pașnici, pentru copiii, femeile, prinși sub dărâmăturile clădirilor...
Article
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Environmental issues and targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have reinforced attempts to increase energy efficiency for all stakeholders, including the shipping industry. International maritime organization (IMO) has prescribed operational and design measures to develop energy efficiency and decrease ship emissions, and one of the effective...
Conference Paper
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The hydraulic stability of the armour layer of rubble mound breakwaters has been widely discussed in literature and several empirical formulas have been proposed for design purposes. Nevertheless, few studies focused on the armour stability in case of water depth limited water conditions. The aim of the present research is to provide more insights...
Article
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The purpose of this research is to compare the number of trainees trained by Malaysian Maritime Education and Training Institutes (METIs) from January 2018 to December 2018. We use frontier analysis in this nonparametric research approach to determine the percentage of performance efficiency. The results show that the majority of METIs have a perfo...
Article
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A petrographic and geochemical study of several volcanic millstones, representative of 119 artifacts found in the ancient Greek colony of Megara Hyblaea (Sicily Island) and recording the grinding device evolution from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period, unravelled the volcanoes involved as quarrying and production areas. This was possible also t...
Book
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'Voyage planning for students of the Maritime University of Szczecin' has been written for students of maritime and naval universities both in Poland and abroad. In this book, are included the course content of the voyage planning subject of study on management and operational STCW level. The handbook includes some examples of voyage planning on pa...
Article
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Indonesia merupakan negara maritim dan memiliki hutan yang luas, sudah seharusnya memiliki alat yangcanggih seperti drone untuk memantau setiap pulau dan kebakaran hutan. Dikarenakan alat transportasiudara lebih cepat dibandingkan transportasi darat maupun laut. Drone atau sering dikenal dengan istilahUnmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) adalah pesawat ud...