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Marine Pollution - Science topic

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Publications related to Marine Pollution (6,842)
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Article
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Litter pollution is a global concern, and identifying sources and pathways is crucial for proposing preventative actions. Existing models of plastic litter leakage to the environment have provided worldwide estimates at a country-based level, but only a few initiatives address subnational scales. Adding relevant parameters and improving models is n...
Article
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Coastal zones, which are strategic points of considerable importance to the tourism industry, are among the environments most affected by anthropogenic debris. Thus, it is crucial to monitor and implement management programs to provide immediate solutions. Here, we aimed to evaluate anthropogenic litter along 21 macrotidal sandy beaches in the Amaz...
Article
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Various field methods have been used globally in an attempt to understand and quantify plastic pollution. However, in regions, such as the west coast of Scotland, sparse populations, combined with complex coastlines of numerous islands, sea lochs and headlands, has resulted in limited field data. The Clyde Sea is the most populated and industrialis...
Article
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A cruise observation of atmospheric aerosols and gaseous air/seawater compounds was performed in the western North Pacific during the spring pre‐bloom period. The aerosol size distribution and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity were characterized according to the source type: terrestrial/pollution, marine, and mixed. The CCN activity was repr...
Article
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Anthropogenic marine debris (AMD) is an environmental pollution that affects marine life, human health, wellbeing, and the economy. This marine litter can deposit in the coastlines, particularly on tidal zones and beaches. To pursue future mitigation strategies to reduce AMD is important to monitor the amount, type and frequency of litter being dum...
Article
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Recombinant DNA technology offered the creation of new combinations of DNA segments that are not found together in nature. The present study aimed to produce an ecofriendly bioremediation model to remediate cyanide pollution from a polluted marine system. Cyanide is a known toxic compound produced through natural and anthropogenic activities. An Ag...
Preprint
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In this work we explore the performance of a statistical forecasting system for marine litter (ML) concentration in the Mediterranean Sea. In particular, we assess the potential skills of a system based on the analogues method. The system uses a historical database of ML concentration simulated by a high resolution realistic model and is trained to...
Poster
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Based on the mutual support from the Agence Francaise de Développement (AFD) and the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), a collaborative research project conducted jointly by the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), CLS and IRD aims to sustain the monitoring and modelling of marine debris in t...
Chapter
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This study focused on field application of muti-biomarkers and Integrated Biomarkers Response (IBR) index in transplant experiment of Mytilus edulis for environmental assessment. Individuals collected from a clean area (S1) of Rongcheng City, were thus transplanted to four contaminated stations (S2, S3, S4, S5) in the coastal areas of easternmost S...
Conference Paper
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Littler is known about the bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) inshore ecotype on the Central coast of Ecuador. Studies of other inshore populations at the south of Ecuador show a decreased trend of more than 50% in 25 years. This trend is believed to extend to other parts of the country where dolphin encounters are becoming rarer. Due to its...
Article
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Modulated by a host of complex processes, suspended sediment fronts (SSFs) on the inner shelf of the East China Sea persist strongly and vary notably. Using hourly suspended sediment concentration data collected by the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager over the period 2011–2021, a gradient‐based edge detection algorithm was implemented to extract SS...
Article
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Naphthenic Acids (NA) are important oil extraction subproducts. These chemical species are one of the leading causes of marine pollution and duct corrosion. For this reason, understanding the behavior of NAs in different saline conditions is one of the challenges in the oil industry. In this work, we simulated several naphthenic acid species and th...
Conference Paper
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Oceans are fundamental to the planetary fauna and flora development, yet during the last decades they have been persistently polluted by human activity. 10 million tonnes of litter are globally dumped in the ocean every year, of which 8 million tonnes are plastic. The Mediterranean Sea suffers especially from such environmental stresses due to its...
Article
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We have applied a multispecies ecosystem approach to analyse the ingestion of anthropogenic particles (AP) in the gastrointestinal tract of 313 individuals (17 fish species and 8 invertebrate species) from pelagic, demersal and benthic habitats in a marine protected area off the Western Mediterranean (Cabrera National Park). We have quantified and...
Article
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Aquatic environmental pollution is a rather worrying and increasingly topical problem that requires the development and promotion of innovative and eco-friendly technologies. Pollutants in water include many common substances that can reach aquatic ecosystems through several pathways including wastewater, the atmosphere, ship discharges, and many o...
Article
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פסולת ימית נפוצה בכל חלקי הסביבה הימית, משפיעה רבות עליה ועל החיים בה, ומהווה מקור לדאגה עולמית. צבי ים, הנפוצים בכל העולם, משתמשים בבתי גידול מרובים במהלך מחזור חייהם, חשופים למגוון רחב של מפגעים וכמות גבוהה של פסולת. אוכלוסיית צבי הים בים התיכון נמצאת תחת איום, בפרט באגן הלבנט שבו אחוזי התמותה הגבוהים ביותר בים בתיכון. המפגש בין צבי הים לסוגי הפל...
Article
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The safety of maritime transport in the vicinity of the coast or in the seaport area requires special attention due to its damaging effects on the marine environment. Disruption of underwater food chains, emissions of harmful gases, underwater noise, oil or oil products spillage, alteration of hydrographic conditions, and waste disposal are some of...
Conference Paper
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VITO Remote Sensing, Mol, Belgium Marine plastic pollution is widely recognized as an urgent global environmental problem which impacts marine life, poses risks on human health and causes large economic loss. The sources, pathways & quantities of marine litter are currently poorly understood, so more systematic monitoring is needed to support polic...
Article
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Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted food systems, health systems and the environment globally, with potentially greater negative effects in many lower-middle income countries (LMICs) including Indonesia. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on diets, health and the marine en...
Article
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The rapid identification of beached marine micro-plastics is essential for the determination of the source of pollution and for planning the most effective strategies for remediation. In this paper, we present the results obtained by applying the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique on a large sample of different kinds of plastics...
Article
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In order to identify how research contributes to the knowledge of marine litter as a pressure on beaches, we reviewed interactions of beach fauna with this pollutant. Entanglement of pinnipeds in fishing gear, negative correlations between macroinvertebrates abundance and sediment pollution, and the presence of plastic surrounding burrows were prim...
Article
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Possible inexpensive adsorbent sources are urgently required to remove metals and pollutants from aquaculture effluents. Thus, this study evaluated the intensive bacterial production and metal removal (Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd) from marine water, which will be used for the culture of aquatic animals using biofloc technology (BFT). In the p...
Article
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The ocean faces an era of change, driven in large by the release of anthropogenic CO 2 , and the unprecedented entry of pollutants into the water column. Nanomaterials, those particles < 100 nm, represent an emerging contaminant of environmental concern. Research on the ecotoxicology and fate of nanomaterials in the natural environment has increase...
Article
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Water quality is affected by increased urbanization as pollutants produced in the urban environment settle and contaminate water, and there is an increase in competition of water among cities, industries, agriculture, etc. The quality and quantity of water are affected by alterations in the microclimate, water dynamics, geomorphology, ecology, and...
Article
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Port State Control (PSC) is the process of inspecting foreign ships in national ports to make sure that they adhere to international conventions and rules for safe shipping and the reduction of marine pollution. A ship is subject to detention when it is found unsafe to the crew, ship, and environment and is released once the deficiencies are rectif...
Conference Paper
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From April to June 2020, during the Covid-19 isolation, Ran Graber, a third-year student of Shenkar University, Tel Aviv, elected to study and remake a 19th century fish skin attush (Ainu robe), under the guidance of Elisa Palomino, Orit Freilich, Ran Kassas and Debbie Elhayeni, as part of the F4*3D course. This small project of individuals-one stu...
Article
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The presence of marine litter is of concern in submarine canyons, although research in this area is still in its infancy. A critical synthesis and literature review selecting studies with primary data of benthic marine litter at depths of over 50 m revealed important gaps in the knowledge, with information on the impact of macroplastics in deep-sea...
Experiment Findings
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The BCpbP intends to establish a robust supply chain that is capable of (1) creating value from marine litter (2) promoting sustainable design alternatives for current consumption patterns while at the same time (3) promoting awareness of the sustainability of the oceans - with sustainable impact on the blue Economy – structuring itself as a non-pr...
Article
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In recent years, with global warming and increasing marine pollution, some novel marine viruses have become widespread in the aquaculture industry, causing huge losses to the aquaculture industry. Decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV1) is one of the newly discovered marine viruses that has been reported to be detected in a variety of farmed crustacean a...
Article
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Over the past decades, there has been a growing concern about microplastics pollution in global aquatic habitats and its potential impact on human health. This study was carried out to determine the presence of microplastics in fish of economic importance in Ghana. Microplastics were found to be abundant in all investigated samples, with 68 % of th...
Article
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Comprehensive assessments of cumulative impacts to seabirds have been hindered by an incomplete understanding of temporal and spatial patterns in marine habitat use, particularly during the non-breeding season when seabirds can range widely across the global ocean. Alcids are an important component of the meso-predator biodiversity of the North Pac...
Article
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Seafloor litter sources, distribution and density were assessed in a bottom trawl survey of the South Sea around Jeju Island by the Ara-ho training ship of Jeju National University. Samples were taken from 14 transects at a depth range of 60–120 m in areas with sandy and muddy substratum. Generally, mean densities varied from 26.9 items/km² to 62.4...
Article
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Marine mammals are one of the groups of animals most affected by marine pollution including that by organic compounds which, besides bearing recognised harmful effects to adults, they may also affect foetuses through placental transfer. In this study we analysed samples of fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) females and their foetuses collected in th...
Article
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Wearing facemasks remains an essential strategy for combating the COVID-19 pandemic. However, used masks are becoming plastic wastes that are widespread in the oceans, which is raising concerns about the potential impacts of these novel plastic niches on marine organisms. To delve into this issue, we exposed surgical masks to coastal waters for 30...
Technical Report
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In recent years, a clear information need has emerged within OSPAR (www.ospar.org) and the European Task Group for Marine Litter (TGML) for sufficiently reliable and comparable data on pellets on a European level. For example, OSPAR has defined a Regional Action Plan (RAP) measure to obtain zero pellet loss, the EU is working at regulation to comba...
Article
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In order to solve the problem of environmental pollution control in the energy ecological economic zone, this paper proposes a technology to realize environmental pollution control by using big data. The main content of this technology is based on the characteristics and application of big data technology; through the collection of online monitorin...
Article
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An estimated 15,000–40,000 tons of plastic waste leaks into the oceans from South Africa annually. This has put the management of plastic products in the spotlight. In South Africa, life cycle management (LCM) is not a term that is commonly used however some companies have adopted LCM tools and concepts including cleaner production, sustainable pro...
Article
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The increasing marine pollution in China’s coastal areas has seriously affected the sustainable development of the economy and the living standards of residents. It is of great significance to explore the relationship between urbanization and marine pollution in coastal areas for the sustainable development of coastal cities. Based on the marine po...
Article
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The accumulation of plastic waste in the marine environment has increased the global risk of marine pollution due to its negative impact on land, ecosystems, and especially the food chain and marine organisms. Ineffective plastic waste management has reduced the quality of the coastal environment including community sanitation and health, landscape...
Article
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Plastic pollution is one of the most pressing issues of our time, with negative impacts on natural ecosystems, human health, and the climate system. The identification of top litter items discarded in the environment is essential to prioritize environmental policies to prevent plastic leakage and promote a circular economy. Here, we present the fir...
Article
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Marine environments are sinks for many contaminants, including petroleum-based plastic waste. Bioplastics, or biodegradable plastics derived from renewable resources, are considered promising alternatives as numerous studies have demonstrated their degradation in marine environments. However, their rates of degradation vary and microbial consortia...
Article
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This study aims to verify the relevance of Brachidontes pharaonis to assess the ecotoxicological status of polluted sites. For this, the levels of some heavy metals (i.e. Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd) and a battery of biomarkers including metallothionein (MT), malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutas...
Article
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The impact of fillers in the epoxy oligomer on the test culture of the marine ecosystem was investigated. The content of additive—biocides—was selected based on the complex research using STAT-GRAPHICS® Centurion XVI. The ecotoxicity of composite surfaces was determined in model systems using methods which are standard in eco-microbiology. The micr...
Article
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Marine plastic pollution is one of the most concerning worldwide environmental issues, and research is day by day demonstrating its adverse effects on marine ecosystems. Nevertheless, little is still known about the toxic potential on marine fauna of chemical additives released by plastic debris. Here we investigated the cyto- and genotoxicity of t...
Article
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The paper examines the sampling effectiveness of seabin devices and the composition of floating marine litter in port areas. Sampling was carried out from May to September 2021 in Port of Cristo and Port of Colonia de Sant Jordi on Mallorca Island, Spain. This is the first study of the composition of floating marine litter in the ports of Mallorca...
Article
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The environmental sciences work with datasets every day. Recently, data sharing has become a more familiar activity for academic researchers. Records of marine litter are scarce and generally difficult to find worldwide, especially in databases. This work reviews and analyzes data repositories to identify the existence of datasets related to marine...
Preprint
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Since the 21st century, rapid development of marine economies has contributed considerably to economic growth. The problem of coordinated development of marine ecological environmental protection and economies have become increasingly prominent. This study establishes a set of index evaluation systems for coordinated development of marine ecology a...
Article
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Accidental introduction of nonindigenous aquatic species (NIAS) is usually mediated by shipping through ballast water. Ballast water management plans are being developed and implemented around the world to prevent the spread of NIAS. However, for marine environmental management, incorporating stakeholders’ perceptions into designing and formulating...
Article
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The accurate assessment of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) and associated nutrient fluxes plays a significant role in water resources management and ecological environment protection in the coastal area. Currently, Liaodong Bay has become one of the most polluted marine areas in China. However, the nutrient fluxes carried by the SGD and its e...
Article
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Marine oil spills have a significant adverse impact on the economy, ecology, and human health. Rapid and effective oil spill monitoring action is extraordinarily important for controlling marine pollution. A marine oil spill detection scheme based on X-band shipborne radar image with machine learning is proposed here. First, the original shipborne...
Article
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Plastic pollution is increasing dramatically worldwide, causing adverse effects on a wide variety of marine organisms at all trophic levels. As predators, sharks play a key role in marine ecosystems and they could especially be threatened by the ingestion of microplastics. This study contributes to expand the existing data on the MPs ingestion by a...
Article
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Numerical models point to the south-east Bay of Biscay as a convergence area for floating particles, including plastics. The few existing studies on plastic abundance in the area mainly focus on open waters and yet information on the coastal area is limited. To fill this gap, neustonic samples were taken along the coastal waters of the south-east B...
Article
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The problem of marine litter represents a significant global challenge and illustrates the harmful consequences of an economic model that is based on disposability. The seafood sector is not only among the culprits, but is also among the most affected by this threat to the marine environment. Earlier research has pointed to fishing gear take-back s...
Article
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Landfilling is one of the most common waste management methods employed in all countries alike, irrespective of their developmental status. The most commonly used types of landfills are (a) municipal solid waste landfill, (b) industrial waste landfill, and (c) hazardous waste landfill. There is, also, an emerging landfill type called “green waste l...
Article
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This study aims to determine the impact of household waste management policies at the Panipahan Rokan Hilir port and the role of the Environmental Service in handling household waste in Rokan Hilir. The data analysis used is a qualitative descriptive analysis recommended by Miles and Huberman: Data Reduction, Presentation of Data, and Summarizing a...
Article
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Polychaetes are known to be good bioindicators of marine pollution, such as inorganic contamination. Major and trace elements are commonly present in sediment and may be accumulated by polychaetes such as the tubiculous Diopatra neapolitana. In this study, D. neapolitana individuals were collected in the autumn, winter, spring, and summer of 2018/2...