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Publications related to Marine Biology (10,000)
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Article
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Submesoscale processes in the ocean vary rapidly in both space and time, and are often difficult to capture by field observations. Their dynamical connection with marine biology remains largely unknown because of the intrinsic link between temporal and spatial variations. In May 2015, satellite chlorophyll data demonstrated high concentration patch...
Article
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Oil pollution influences marine biology, ecology, and regional sustainable development capacity, but model uncertainties limit the ability of the numerical model to accurately predict the transport and fate of the underwater oil spill. Based on a three-dimensional underwater oil spill model validated by satellite images of the oil slick at the sea...
Article
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نهدف من خلال هذا المقال، إلى تسليط الضوء على الفكر العلمي عند لوكيوس ابوليوس (Lucius Apuleius Theseus) واحدا من ابرز النخب الثقافية الإفريقية، الذي برز خلال القرن الثاني ميلادي تحت حكم الإمبراطور الروماني ماركوس اورليوس (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) (161-169م)، وقد عرف بتنوع معارفه التي كانت ثمرة رحلاته العلمية مابين قرطاجة وبلاد الإغريق وروما، وتبني...
Technical Report
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Lead Partner COISPA Tecnologia & Ricerca in Consortium with University of Alicante (UA), Consorzio per il Centro Interuniversitario di Biologia Marina ed Ecologia Applicata “G. Bacci” di Livorno (CIBM), NISEA Società cooperativa, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Split (IOF), Institute of Oceanol...
Article
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Photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) reaching the ocean surface controls phytoplankton growth, primary productivity, and evolution within marine ecosystems. Therefore, accurate daily PAR estimates are important for a broad range of marine biology and biogeochemistry applications. In this study, hourly data from Geostationary Ocean Color Ima...
Article
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Significance The moon provides highly reliable time information to organisms. Whereas sunlight is known to set daily animal timing systems, mechanistic insight into the impact of moonlight on such systems remains scarce. We establish that the marine bristleworm Platynereis dumerilii times the precise hours of mass spawning by integrating lunar ligh...
Article
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As we enter the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, extensive efforts to reverse the decline of ocean health are taking place. Moreover, the need to utilize innovative and integrative approaches to aid in these efforts and address marine ecological questions are urgent. Transcriptomic technologies provide tools to fu...
Article
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This Viewpoint describes interdisciplinary research that aims to maximize understanding of deep marine life, while concurrently being minimally invasive. We describe the synthesis of multiple modern approaches (spanning robotics, biology, biomechanics, engineering, imaging, and genomic sequencing) and present future directions that hold the potenti...
Article
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Scientific professional societies are reviewing diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) practices and policies in response to recent calls for much-needed change. Organizations like scientific professional societies contribute to establishing disciplinary norms, and can influence the diversity of disciplinary workforces in multiple ways through both...
Article
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The Northwest Pacific Ocean (NWPO) is a significant sink for atmospheric CO2 but a paucity of large-scale phytoplankton surveys in the upper and lower euphotic zone results in uncertainties in estimates of the efficiency of the biological carbon pump there. Here, we report the spatial distribution of lipid biomarkers from diatoms (brassicasterol/ep...
Article
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Cavalos-marinhos são peixes ósseos da família Syngnathidae que possuem 55 gêneros. No Brasil, a espécie Hippocampus reidi tem seu limite no norte do Pará ao Rio Grande do Sul, e habita ambientes estuarinos, recifais, costões rochosos, bancos de vegetação submersas nas praias arenosas. A gestação e cuidado parental é exercida exclusivamente pelo mac...
Article
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Examination of unsorted microgastropod samples collected during the joint Russia-German research “Sea of Japan Biodiversity Studies (SoJaBio) Expedition” in 2010 and preserved in the National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, resulted in the finding of six species of the family...
Article
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Examination of unsorted microgastropod samples collected during the joint Russia-German research “Sea of Japan Biodiversity Studies (SoJaBio) Expedition” in 2010 and preserved in the National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, resulted in the finding of six species of the family...
Article
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La dinámica de la publicación científica implica que los trabajos actuales se apoyan en otros precedentes, configurándose como la base de futuras investigaciones. Este trabajo presenta un análisis bibliométrico de las referencias bibliográficas contenidas en los artículos científicos publicados por el Instituto de Biología Marina (IBM) y por el Ins...
Book
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This book explores the life, work and careers of two lovers of marine biology and protists, Edouard Chatton (1883-1947) and his exceptional pupil André Lwoff (1902-1994), later a Nobel Prize winner. Offering descriptions of their discoveries and explanations of their artistic talents, it also presents (annotated in numbers for the first time) the b...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and distribution of gelatinous macrozooplankton in the southern Black Sea. The abundance and biomass of gelatinous organisms and their relationship with physical parameters were determined between March 2015 and February 2016 in the Sinop Peninsula of the southern Black Sea. Monthly samplings we...
Article
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Improved public understanding of the ocean and the importance of sustainable ocean use, or ocean literacy, is essential for achieving global commitments to sustainable development by 2030 and beyond. However, growing human populations (particularly in mega-cities), urbanisation and socio-economic disparity threaten opportunities for people to engag...
Article
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For over 20 years, the Schmid Training Course (STC) has offered unique opportunities for marine biology students from European universities to learn about marine model organisms. While the topics of the course have continuously changed over the years with the advent of new research techniques and discoveries, the pedagogical approach has remained l...
Article
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This list of Prof. A.N. Golikov’s publications consists of 256 references. The list includes not only monographs and research papers, but also articles for encyclopedias, reviews, dissertation abstracts and reports at meetings focused on malacology, zoology, biogeography, marine biology. The bibliography was prepared using the catalogs of the Branc...
Article
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This paper discusses the various different techniques and their comparative study that will help us for improving underwater image enhancement, These underwater images usually suffer from motion blur effect due to turbulence in the flow of water and non-uniform illumination and limited contrast, Due to the presence of distortion captured underwater...
Book
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Marine Biology (Invertebrate) practical : Figure, classification, characteristics.
Article
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When I started to work on marine natural products some thirty years ago I was attracted to this fascinating field of science by the exotic environment, the colourful shapes of (mostly) marine invertebrates and their complex ecological interactions [...]
Chapter
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The coastal environment is an important non-formal educational space in which actions can be developed for both Basic and Higher Education that aim to bring knowledge about biodiversity and environmental vulnerability. In this sense, field guides are fundamental tools, as they provide access to adequate information, including historical, cultural a...
Article
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Three-dimensional rendering includes the test of system development environment and running environment. Three-dimensional rendering influencing factors test: the number and size of parallel blocks affect the average rendering frame rate of 26.9 when the number is 9600 and the size is 10 × 10, and the average rendering frame rate is 13.7 when the n...
Article
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A Lego Serious Play (LSP) ‐ based exercise was developed to support student engagement with learning consolidation at the end of a first‐year undergraduate cell biology course. The exercise was offered in addition to a regular revision session in preparation for the summative exam. Students were studying four‐year BSc (Hons) degrees in: Animal Biol...
Article
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Evaluation of the economic impacts of marine protected areas is hampered by the fact that it is impossible to observe what would have happened if the protected area had never been closed to fishing (the counterfactual). Catch reports and vessel tracks are used to perform an analysis of the potential negative economic impacts of establishing the Nor...
Article
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Microbial communities are shaped by viral predators. Yet, resolving which viruses (phages) and bacteria are interacting is a major challenge in the context of natural levels of microbial diversity. Thus, fundamental features of how phage-bacteria interactions are structured and evolve in the wild remain poorly resolved. Here we use large-scale isol...
Article
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It is critical to understand how human modifications of Earth’s ecosystems are influencing ecosystem functioning, including net and gross community production ( NCP and GCP , respectively) and community respiration ( CR ). These responses are often estimated by measuring oxygen production in the light ( NCP ) and consumption in the dark ( CR ), whi...
Article
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Quantifying the drivers of population size in reef sharks is critical for the development of appropriate conservation strategies. In north-west Australia, shark populations inhabit coral reefs that border growing centres of human population, industry, and tourism. However, we lack baseline data on reef sharks at large spatial scales (hundreds of km...
Article
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The “Percorsi nel Blu” project is a revolutionary “Blue School” model of well-integrated Ocean Literacy (OL) and Marine Citizen Science (MCS), promoted by a science teacher and independent researcher of the ISA2 secondary school institute of La Spezia, Italy. Since 2011 the Project has been setting up a network among schools, institutions, citizens...
Article
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Sea-level rise is expected to outpace the capacity of coral reefs to grow and maintain their wave protection function, exacerbating coastal flooding and erosion of adjacent shorelines and threatening coastal communities. Here we present a new method that yields highly-resolved direct measurements of contemporary reef accretion on a Maldivian atoll...
Presentation
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DNA barcoding is a very unique technique, any small fragment of DNA sequence can be used for specific organisms' identification up to the specie level. It is used worldwide for forensic identification as well .it could be a bit controversial but it has a lot of potential in recognition of species. it involves a sequencing of mitochondrial DNA COI s...
Article
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Throughout coastal Antarctica, ice shelves separate oceanic waters from sunlight by hundreds of meters of ice. Historical studies have detected activity of nitrifying microorganisms in oceanic cavities below permanent ice shelves. However, little is known about the microbial composition and pathways that mediate these activities. In this study, we...
Article
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Aquaculture is looking for substitutes for fishmeal and fish oil to maintain its continued growth. Zooplankton is the most nutritious option, but its controlled mass production has not yet been achieved. In this context, we have developed a monoalgal 'green water' closed-loop bioreactor with the microalgae Tetraselmis chui that continuously produce...
Article
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Recent developments in tracking technology resulted in the mapping of various marine spawning migration routes of the European eel ( Anguilla anguilla ). However, migration routes in the North Sea have rarely been studied, despite many large European rivers and hence potential eel growing habitat discharge into the North Sea. In this study, we pres...
Article
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Single species distribution models (SSDMs) are typically used to understand and predict the distribution and abundance of marine fish by fitting distribution models for each species independently to a combination of abiotic environmental variables. However, species abundances and distributions are influenced by abiotic environmental preferences as...
Article
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The suspended particle size has great impacts on marine biology environments and biogeochemical processes, such as the settling rates of particles and sunlight transmission in marine water. However, the spatial–temporal variations in particle sizes in coastal waters are rarely reported due to the paucity of appropriate observations and the limitati...
Article
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The ocean moderates the world’s climate through absorption of heat and carbon, but how much carbon the ocean will continue to absorb remains unknown. The North Atlantic Ocean west (Baffin Bay/Labrador Sea) and east (Fram Strait/Greenland Sea) of Greenland features the most intense absorption of anthropogenic carbon globally; the biological carbon p...
Article
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Krill and salps are important for carbon flux in the Southern Ocean, but the extent of their contribution and the consequences of shifts in dominance from krill to salps remain unclear. We present a direct comparison of the contribution of krill and salp faecal pellets (FP) to vertical carbon flux at the Antarctic Peninsula using a combination of s...
Article
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Diatoms play crucial functions in trophic structure and biogeochemical cycles. Due to poleward warming, there has been a substantial decrease in diatom biomass, especially in Antarctic regions that experience strong physical changes. Here we analyze the phyto-plankton contents of water samples collected in the spring/summer of 2015/2016 off the Nor...
Article
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Efficient point-to-point navigation in the presence of a background flow field is important for robotic applications such as ocean surveying. In such applications, robots may only have knowledge of their immediate surroundings or be faced with time-varying currents, which limits the use of optimal control techniques for planning trajectories. Here,...
Article
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Mass thermal bleaching events are a primary threat to coral reefs, yet the sublethal impacts, particularly on energetics and reproduction, are poorly characterized. Given that the persistence of coral populations is contingent upon the reproduction of individuals that survive disturbances, there is an urgent need to understand the sublethal effects...
Article
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Biometric identification techniques such as photo-identification require an array of unique natural markings to identify individuals. From 1975 to present, Bigg’s killer whales have been photo-identified along the west coast of North America, resulting in one of the largest and longest-running cetacean photo-identification datasets. However, data m...
Article
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We introduce the Bioacoustic Cocktail Party Problem Network (BioCPPNet), a lightweight, modular, and robust U-Net-based machine learning architecture optimized for bioacoustic source separation across diverse biological taxa. Employing learnable or handcrafted encoders, BioCPPNet operates directly on the raw acoustic mixture waveform containing ove...
Article
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A longer Arctic open water season is expected to increase underwater noise levels due to anthropogenic activities such as shipping, seismic surveys, sonar, and construction. Many Arctic marine mammal species depend on sound for communication, navigation, and foraging, therefore quantifying underwater noise levels is critical for documenting change...
Article
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Discoveries of persistent coastal species in the open ocean shift our understanding of biogeographic barriers. Floating plastic debris from pollution now supports a novel sea surface community composed of coastal and oceanic species at sea that might portend significant ecological shifts in the marine environment.
Article
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Resumo Estudar o processo de institucionalização da biologia marinha em Portugal é fundamental para a compreensão do estudo científico do mar, espaço que permanecia bastante desconhecido no início do século XX. Partindo da análise das primeiras estações experimentais, a Estação da Foz e a Estação de Biologia Marítima, cuja atividade tem lugar no At...
Article
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This paper analyses the historical knowledge of marine ichthyology in Galicia through an interdisciplinary approach that integrates information from diverse sources of documented information. The history of ichthyology has evolved with the way humans relate to the natural world. The study of activities related to marine fish as an important source...
Article
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This study demonstrated the plasticity of reef-decapod according with the exposed anthropogenic pressure. Comparing the reef-decapods at sites with different anthropogenic pressures in two different ecoregions (tropical and subtropical reef ecotypes), we demonstrated that historical anthropogenic activity is molding directly and indirectly their po...
Article
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Trophic sources and pathways supporting early life stages are crucial for survival of forage fishes recruiting around the oligotrophic and unproductive Kuroshio. However, information is limited for the Kuroshio planktonic food web and its trophodynamics because of its high biodiversity. Here, we explore trophic sources and linkages in the Kuroshio...
Article
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Ocean deoxygenation threatens the persistence of coastal ecosystems worldwide. Despite an increasing awareness that coastal deoxygenation impacts tropical habitats, there remains a paucity of empirical data on the effects of oxygen limitation on reef-building corals. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted laboratory experiments with ecological...
Article
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Reef-building corals are declining due to environmental changes. Sacsin is a member of the heat shock proteins and has been reported as a candidate protein associated with the stress response in Acropora corals. Recently, high nucleotide diversity and the persistence of two divergent haplogroups of sacsin-like genes in Acropora millepora have been...
Article
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For species in the deep sea, there is a knowledge gap related to their functional traits at all stages of their life cycles. Dynamic energy budget (DEB) theory has been proven to be an efficient framework for estimating functional traits throughout a life cycle using simulation modelling. An abj-DEB model, which compared with the standard DEB model...
Article
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The global daily gap-free chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) data derived using the data interpolating empirical orthogonal functions (DINEOF) technique from observations of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) in 2020 and the in situ measurements at the Tropical Ocean Atmosphere (TAO) moorings are used to characterize and quantify the biologic...
Article
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Seasonal shifts in phytoplankton accumulation and loss largely follow changes in mixed layer depth, but the impact of mixed layer depth on cell physiology remains unexplored. Here, we investigate the physiological state of phytoplankton populations associated with distinct bloom phases and mixing regimes in the North Atlantic. Stratification and de...
Article
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In the Gulf of Alaska, commercially harvested fish species utilize habitats dominated by red tree corals (Primnoa pacifica) for shelter, feeding, and nurseries, but recent studies hint that environmental conditions may be interrupting the reproductive lifecycle of the corals. The North Pacific has experienced persistent and extreme thermal variabil...