Science topics: AngiospermsMalvaceae
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Malvaceae - Science topic

The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.
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Publications related to Malvaceae (5,834)
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Grewia tenax (Forssk.) Fiori (Malvaceae) grows in the Arabian Peninsula and is used for several medicinal purposes. To characterize the dermatological bioactivities of G. tenax in terms of its antimelanoma, antityrosinase and antioxidant activities. Cytotoxicity was assessed by cell proliferation and mitochondrial viability assays. Ability to inhib...
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Ornamental plants are important constituent of floristic diversity which beautify and glorify our surroundings. They add a positive attitude to life, intensify the feeling of happiness, and enhance the economic value of the estate. There has been a growing trend promoted by environmentalists, ecologists, and horticulturalists toward the inclusion o...
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The present paper deals with indigenous taxa of Angiosperm belonging to family Malvaceae. It is reported as an addition to the flora of Banaskantha district and a new record from North Gujarat. In this paper evidently defines species with unambiguous citation, detailed, description, flowering and fruiting time, followed by ecological notes along wi...
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The IPK1 genes, which code for 2-kinases that can synthesize Ins(1,2,4,5,6)P5 from Ins(1,4,5,6)P4, are expressed throughout cotton plants, resulting in the highest Ins(1,2,4,5,6)P5 concentrations in young leaves and flower buds. Cotton leaves contain large amounts of Ins(1,2,4,5,6)P5 and InsP6 compared to plants not in the Malvaceae family. The ino...
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The current prevalence of such lifestyle diseases as mycobacteriosis and tuberculosis is a result of the growing resistance of microorganisms to the available antibiotics and their significant toxicity. Therefore, plants can successfully become a source of new therapeutic agents. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of protein extrac...
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Electrochemical analysis has become a new method for plant analysis in recent years. It can not only collect signals of electrochemically active substances in plant tissues, but can also be used to identify plant species. At the same time, the signals of electrochemically active substances in plant tissues can also be used to investigate plant phyl...
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The study presents the status of plant diversity in and around Matarbari, in Moheshkhali Upazila, Cox's Bazar district, situated in the close vicinity of the Bay of Bengal. A total of 248 plant species belonging to 80 families was identified in the study area. For each plant species, the scientific name, local name, family, habit, habitat, origin,...
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Using herbal medicine is an ancestral cultural practice among Mexicans. A broad sector of society turns to plants to treat priority health problems, a reality that leads scientists to explore the healing value attributed to them. Advances in the experimental research of Sphaeralcea angustifolia confirmed the anti-inflammatory activity of the specie...
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The Western Ghats is a mountain range western coast of the Indian peninsula that covers an area of 160,000 km 2. It is one of the eight biodiversity hotspots in the world. It contains a very large proportion of the country's flora and fauna, many of which are endemic to this region. According to a survey, the Western Ghats are older than the Himala...
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High-throughput sequencing was used to analyze Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (family Malvaceae) plants with virus-like symptoms in Hawaii. Bioinformatic and phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of two tobamoviruses, hibiscus latent Fort Pierce virus (HLFPV) and a new tobamovirus with the proposed name "hibiscus latent Hawaii virus" (HLHV). This is...
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Oxidation is an integral part of aerobic processes of life. It involves the transfer of electrons or hydrogen via a chemical reaction from a substance to an oxidizing agent leading to the production of free radicals. These free radicals which are highly reactive in turn initiate a chain of reactions that lead to cellular damage. The etiology of ple...
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Firmiana hainanensis Kosterm. is a commercially valuable endemic tree species in China and has long been considered a globally vulnerable species. We assembled and characterized the complete chloroplast genome of this species by using Illumina pair-end sequencing data. The total chloroplast genome size was 161,559 bp, including two inverted repeats...
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Kenaf is a fiber crop belonging to the genus Hibiscus (Malvaceae), and the potential of this plant, its multipurpose use, and its environmentally friendly cellulose have placed kenaf at the forefront of both commercial and subsistence farming. Due to inadequate agricultural practices, low production potential, and photoperiodism, the yields of fibe...
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The purpose of this study is to assess the field performance of the medicinal plant Screw tree ( Helicteres isora Linn.) Family Malvaceae in two home garden environments. The screw tree has been commercialized for the production of Jamu , an Indonesian traditional medicine. On Timor Island, however, this species has not yet been cultivated and is c...
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Context The risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is increasing and the harm is great. Quercetin is the main active component in Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik (Malvaceae) and was reported to reduce the expression of HIF-1α. Objective We investigate whether quercetin improves the CI-AKI through the HIF-1α/lncRNA NEAT1/HMGB1 pathway...
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Context Delphinidin-3-O-glucoside (DP) is a bioactive compound of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) (Roselle) calyces and exerts endothelial protection and lipid-lowering activities, which provided a basis for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Objectives To investigate the therapeutic effects of DP against atherosclerosis....
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تناولت الدراسة الحالية الصفات المظهرية لثلاثة أجناس من الفصيلة الخبازية بمفهومها الواسع Malvaceae s.l.، في مديرية طورالباحة – محافظة لحج – اليمن، وذلك خلال الفترة من أغسطس 2020 حتى يناير 2022م، إذ جُمْعِت عينات نباتية مثالية لكل نوع نباتي موجود في منطقة الدراسة. تم مناقشة الصفات المظهرية ذات الأهمية، كما تم سرد مرادفات الأسماء العلمية والأسماء المح...
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The records of past vegetation and climate using palynological study from the Upper Siwalik sediment along the Triyuga River section, eastern Nepal discloses 117 taxa belonging to 36 families. Different palynomorphs from gymnosperm, angiosperm (dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous) and pteridophytes were identified some up to species level like Abie...
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Two new species of genus Helicteres (Malvaceae, Helicteroideae), Helicteres Taynguyenenis and Helicteres dakmilensis from the Central Highlands of Vietnam are described and illustrated. H. taynguyenensis is morphologically similar to Helicteres angustifolia widely distributed in mainland SE Asia to China, Japan and Australia, but differs from the l...
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Sida acuta Burm.f., (SA) a member of the Malvaceae family, has traditionally been prescribed for a variety of ailments. The plant is traditionally used to treat skin problems, fevers, ulcers, and liver problems. The plant is rich in wide variety of phytochemicals, and several laboratory studies have been undertaken to support the scientific basis b...
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Hibiscus (Hibiscus spp., family Malvaceae) leaves exhibiting symptoms of mosaic, ringspot, and chlorotic spots were collected in 2020 on Oahu, HI. High-throughput sequencing analysis was conducted on ribosomal RNA-depleted composite RNA samples extracted from symptomatic leaves. About 77 million paired-end reads and 161,970 contigs were generated a...
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In this study, the vascular flora of the Lalmai hill area of the Cumilla district has been thoroughly explored. This study reveals the occurrence of 923 species of vascular plants under 594 genera and 141 families in the study area, which represents 23.75% of the total 3886 plant species reported from Bangladesh until now. About 68.15% of these spe...
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The subfamily Sterculioideae Beilschm. of Malvaceae has been revised for Bangladesh which revealed 16 taxa belonging to five genera, such as Firmiana Marsili, Heritiera Ait., Pterygota Schott & Endl., Scaphium Schott & Endl. and Sterculia L. The genus Sterculia is unveiled with the highest number of taxa, whereas both Pterygota and Scaphium are rep...
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This study provides the basic taxonomic data on the vascular flora of the coastal mangrove ecosystems in Barguna district of Bangladesh. Plant samples and field data have been collected following walk through method. The present study reveals the occurrence of 532 species under 378 genera and 112 families in the study area, of which 24 are true man...
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The genus Malva L., popularly known as mallow, grows spontaneously in almost all of Europe and the Mediterranean region. This genus is morphologically very diverse and its species are used in the treatment of respiratory, urinary, and digestive problems, but some species are hardly distinguishable based on morphological features. We, therefore, per...
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The inventory of plant communities under the shading of Prosopis juliflora was determined in the Ciudad Universitaria "Antonio Borjas Romero" of the University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela. The research was carried out during the rainy season (September-November 2018) and in some months of the dry season (December 2018 to February 2019). Ten shor...
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Flowering plants have interesting potential as sources of pigments for use in food products. This research focuses on the carotenoid composition of five commonly grown garden flowers that bloom year-round and that have adapted well to the environmental conditions in Tamil Nadu and may be of commercial value as sources of carotenoids. The five selec...
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The article presents new records for five alien species previously unknown from the flora of United Arab Emirates (UAE): Euphorbia cyathophora Murr. (Euphorbiaceae), Samolus valerandi L. (Myrsinaceae), Oldenlandia umbellata L. (Rubiaceae), Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae), and Corchorus aestuans L. (Malvaceae s. l. / Tiliaceae). All of th...
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Bronchitis is among the top 10 conditions for which patients look for medication. The expanding burden of chronic infections is a specific risk in developing countries. The current review focus on medicinal plants from the Melghat region used to cure Bronchitis. A total of 118 medicinal plant species from Melghat flora distributed among 104 genera...
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Podagrica uniforma Jacoby and P. sjostedti Jacoby are two important flea beetles that cause economic damage to several Malvaceae crops in Africa. Host preference by the beetles was evaluated under field conditions in 2017 and 2018 using fourty different crops in the family Malvaceae. The setup was a randomized complete block design with three block...
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O presente estudo compõe parte do projeto “Flora da Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brasil”. Malvoideae representa a maior das nove subfamílias de Malvaceae sensu lato. Como caráter diagnóstico da subfamília há a presença de frutos esquizocárpicos ou cápsula, no entanto, algumas características típicas não-sinapomorficas podem ser encontradas em Malvo...
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A significant therapeutic plant from the Malvaceae family is Abutilon hirtum (L.). It is frequently used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of illnesses. Rutin is a flavonoid molecule with commercial value that has anticancer, nutritional, and anti-ageing properties. This research project was carried out to evaluate the effect of abiotic el...
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Ceiba aesculifolia (Kunth) Britten & Baker f (Malvaceae) is used for the folk treatment of mood disorders. C. aesculifolia bark was extracted in ethanol, and the extract (CAE) was chemically standardized using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This study evaluated the effects of CAE (10–100 mg/kg p.o.) on anxiolytic-like activity, sedat...
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The study of pollination biology teaches about the various pollinators in different seasons. Tiny pollinators such as ants, alkali bees, beetles, hoverflies, solitary bees, beetles, and bumble bees have been found to have decreased pollination frequency as a result of the heavy and irregular use of pesticides and fertilizers. Three families, Fabace...
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Simple Summary: Research about innovative sustainable ecofriendly pesticides is a key topic of global interest, aiming to reduce synthetic inputs in agriculture, to protect biodiversity, and to ensure food safety to consumers. Botanical substances, and in particular essential oils, are among the most promising natural pesticides, as can be seen fro...
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To study the host range of Rose rosette virus (RRV), we employed crude sap inoculum extracted from RRV-infected roses and the RRV infectious clone. We inoculated plants from the families Solanaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Amaranthaceae, and Brassicaceae. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect RRV...
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Free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) byproducts are produced by physiological and metabolic processes within living cells. The potentially reactive derivatives of oxygen are continuously produced inside the human body as a result of exposure to numerous exogenous chemicals in our surrounding environment. There is equilibrium betwee...
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W. indica, M. malabathricum and M. elengi are seasonal bloomers but flowering and fruiting can occur year-long in W. indica and M. malabathricum if soil is wet. All three species are hermaphroditic and homostylous. W. indica and M. malabathricum are diurnal bloomers while M. elengi is a nocturnal bloomer. Anthers dehiscence is longitudinal in W. in...
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El objetivo de este trabajo se centró en el desarrollo de caramelos duros coloreados con sacarosa cristalizada, glucosa y ácido cítrico, adicionando aromas de fresa, cereza y uva. Se usó como colorante natural el extracto de Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae: Hybiscus) y aceite esencial de eucalipto, manteniendo el contenido de humedad en 13,6 g/10...
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O cultivo do cacaueiro (Theobroma cacao L., Malvaceae) com sombreamento natural ou artificial é conhecido por ser um dos agrossistemas que menos altera a biodiversidade local. Utilizada para amostrar e monitorar a biodiversidade, a armadilha Malaise é uma das técnicas de coleta mais utilizadas para capturar insetos voadores que tem a vantagem de se...
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The nesting biology of alkali bee, Hoplonomia westwoodi, a ground-nesting solitary bee in India is described. The typical soil-nest consisted of a main tunnel terminating in a series of circular cells. The number of cells per nest varied from 2 to 4 (n=6; x̄ = 2.67). Polypropylene bag and pot culture studies revealed that the bees most preferred re...
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The dark-red spider mite, Tetranychus ludeni Zacher (Acari: Tetranychidae), is a highly polyphagous species and an important pest of economic plants belonging to the families Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Fabaceae and Solanaceae, and growing in tropical and subtropical regions. In the Western Palaearctic, its distribution reports have recently come mos...
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Background Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor in women. Natural substances represent an important source of innovative therapeutic solutions, eventually integrating or substituting conventional drugs and chemicals. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is a plant of the Malvaceae family that has raised interest thanks to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant a...
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Background Durian of Indonesia, specifically Durio zibethinus , is a potential agricultural commodity for domestic and international markets. However, its quality is still less competitive or significantly lower to fulfill the export market, compared to a similar one from other countries. This study aimed to determine and analyze the genetic divers...
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Buah merupakan komoditas holtikultura yang memiliki peran penting dalam sistem pertanian di Indonesia. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini pendataan secara menyeluruh terhadap tanaman buah pada zona nusantara yang meliputi nama ilmiah, famili, dan asal tanaman. Hasil pendataan tanaman buah, menunjukkan terdapat 40 jenis tanaman buah yang ter...
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The fruits of Grewia coriacea Mast are among the most traded picking fruits and consumed in the Republic of Congo. The objective of this present work was to estimate the toxicity and to evaluate the antiinflammatory effect of the aqueous extract of the fruits of Grewia coriacea Mast. in rats. Thus, the estimation of acute toxicity was carried out i...
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Research conducted in the Archive and Library of Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, the U.S. National Archives, and the U.S. National Herbarium allowed us to reconstruct field work performed by David Fairchild (1869–1954) in the islands of Beata, Saona, Tobago, Tortola, and Trinidad in 1932. This was part of a larger expedition to the Caribbean Isl...
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Habitat manipulation through the promotion of semi-natural habitats such as cover and patch vegetation is a possible means of offsetting the negative impacts of the agricultural practices. A baseline situation is crucial before any successful habitat manipulation is attempted. We studied the effects that current vegetation cover management practice...
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Main conclusions Transmitting tissue cells of Luehea divaricata present a thick middle lamella and prominent convex lens-shaped thickenings of the cell wall that act as reservoir of energy for pollen tube growth. Abstract Luehea Milld. is a Neotropical genus with 18 species. This paper reports the study of the structure and the ultrastructure of t...
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Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr. (Family Malvaceae) is distributed throughout a number of arid and semi-arid regions and has been used in traditional and folk medicine. The current study was conducted to estimate the phytochemical profiling and antimicrobial activity of Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr. growing in Gebel Elba, Egypt against some...
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(Floristic survey of a Caatinga area of high biological importance in the Mesoregion of Paraíba backlands, Northeast Brazil). The Caatinga occupies an area of approximately 912,529 km², being one of the most distinct phytogeographic regions of the Brazilian territory. It has a vegetation that varies according to its distribution and relationship wi...
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Background: Native to West Africa, Cola nitida is a tropical tree of about 8-12 in height that grows in lowland rainforest. This plant is best known in Africa for its seeds, used in phytotherapy but for their socio-cultural importance. Aims/Objective: This study investigated the antioxidant activity of condensed tannins of Cola nitida seeds by carr...
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Background Auxin response factors (ARFs) are a class of transcription factors that regulate the expression of auxin-responsive genes and play important functions in plant growth and development. To understand the biological functions of the auxin response factor GhARF2 gene in upland cotton, the coding sequence (CDS) of GhARF2 gene was cloned, and...
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Alcea rosea, in the family Malvaceae, is a biennial plant native to China and is grown typically for gardening in Korea (Lee 2003). Seven microcyclic Puccinia species have been reported on A. rosea: P. heterogenea, P. heterospora, P. lobata, P. malvacearum, P. platyspora, P. sherardiana, and P. modiolae (Demers et al. 2015; Aime and Abbasi 2018). I...
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The study goal is to reveal foliar resorption patterns of Alcea apterocarpa populations in different habitats (riverbank, meadow and forest clearing) in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey. We determined foliar nitrogen and phosphorus resorption, considering proficiency and efficiency. The resorption efficiency was also calculated using the mass...
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Leaves and aerial parts of Malva neglecta Wallr. have been traditionally used in Anatolia for the treatment of pain, inflammation, hemorrhoids, renal stones, constipation, and infertility. This study investigated the effects of M. neglecta leaves in a rat endometriosis model. The dried plant material was extracted with n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and...
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Most rural and urban-based communities in Africa rely on traditional remedies for their primary healthcare. One probable reason for this is the assumption that they are free of harmful side effects and toxicity, compared to orthodox drugs. However, very few plants have been thoroughly evaluated for their toxic effects. Adansonia digitata (A. digita...
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Architectural plasticity in traits should be useful for understanding morphological and allocation plasticity at the whole-plant level and associated growth strategies of plants in dealing with variation in emergence time. To investigate how plants respond to emergence timing via dynamic architectural plasticity, we conducted a field experiment by...
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American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.), native to the forested regions of northeast U.S is a perennial herb valued as traditional Chinese medicine. It has been cultivated in North America for several decades due to high global demand. Powdery mildew symptoms were observed on 8-year-old cultivated American ginseng leaves (Fig. 1a, b) on a residen...
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Different extracts and the powder of fruits of Malva sylvestris L. (Malvaceae) are traditionally used in the treatment of sore throat, inflammatory chronic bronchitis, jaundice and urinary discharge diseases, and were tested for anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats. The aqueous and ethanol extracts showed significant anti-activity against carr...
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Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) is an annual herbaceous plant of the genus Hibiscus in family Malvaceae. Roselle calyxes are rich in anthocyanins, which play important roles in human health. However, limited information is available on anthocyanin biosynthesis in the roselle calyx. In this study, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses were perfor...
Thesis
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El presente estudio evaluó la composición florística, el servicio ecosistémico (SE) de regulación: almacenamiento de carbono en biomasa aérea y el SE de aprovisionamiento: producción de forraje herbáceo y madera, además exploró las relaciones entre pares de SE y la diversidad vegetal en agroecosistemas ganaderos de la ecorregión Valle Del Río Cesar...
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Hybridization and changes in ploidy have been associated with shifts from sexuality to apomixis, and may explain isolation among populations and species. Hybrids resulting from interploidy crosses may contribute to a broader understanding of how these populations and species have originated and evolved. Stomatal morphometrics and flow cytometry ana...
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Hibiscus trionum L. is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Malvaceae family. It is native to Central Africa, however, is now naturalized in Europe and Asia including Korea. Here, we report the complete chloroplast genome assembly of H. trionum. The complete chloroplast genome comprises 160,530 bp and is divided into four typical regions: a...
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Firmiana is a small genus within the subfamily Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae. There are nine Firmiana species distributed in South and South-west China, most of which are endangered. Due to the shortage of plastid genomes data, the phylogenetic relationships and the evolutionary history of this genus remain unclear. Therefore, the complete chloro...
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To determine the factors leading to outbreaks of the sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari, (Zehntner) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in sorghum in Haiti, a survey was carried out on farms during two cropping seasons, spring and fall of 2018. A total of 45 plots in three Haitian regions were monitored from the five-leaf stage to grain ripening. Infestation...