Science topics: RosalesRosaceaeMalus
Science topic

Malus - Science topic

A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
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Publications related to Malus (10,000)
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The phenology, or timing of key life-history events, of many globally important crops and the insects that pollinate them are shifting because of the changing climate. Where these temporal shifts occur at different rates or in different directions, it induces a risk of phenological mismatch, potentially reducing the quality and quantity of crop pro...
Article
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Accurate estimates of plant transpiration (Tsf) are essential to maximizing the efficient use of water. When only considering the surface canopy resistance (rc), the Penman-Monteith (PM) model is commonly used in Tsf modeling. However, the r c is difficult to measure but it can be accurately estimated using the Jarvis canopy resistance model (JA)....
Article
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A strong fire blight resistance QTL ( Mfu10 ) was previously detected on linkage group 10 (LG10) of Malus fusca accession MAL0045, using several strains of the causative bacterium, Erwinia amylovora . As no strain capable of breaking the resistance of MAL0045 has been found, we hypothesized that another locus contributes to its fire blight resistan...
Article
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The Loess Plateau, known for its fragile ecosystems, is one of the traditional apple-producing regions in China. Although some management measures are needed to enhance sustainable agriculture in response to the rising pressure of climate change, the geographic distribution of apple trees considering multiple variables has not been considered. In t...
Article
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Apple fruit rot disease is one of the major apple diseases in Indonesia. It has been caused by several species of pathogenic within the genus Colletotrichum. This research aims to identify species of the pathogen causing apple fruit rot disease in Pujon, East Java. Suspected fungal isolates were identified based on morphological (macroscopic and mi...
Article
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Mango (Mangifera indica) fruit is known for its taste, health benefits, and drought tolerance. Potassium (K+) is one of the most abundant ions in a plant cell. It is important for various biological functions related to plant growth, development, and flowering/fruiting. It significantly contributes to fruit yield, quality, and drought tolerance in...
Article
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Malus sieversii (Ldb.) Roem. is the original species of modern cultivated apple and a key national essential conservation plant in China. In recent years, degradation and death of wild apple has been exacerbated by imbalances in the rhizosphere micro-ecosystems of wild apple forests due to soil nutrient loss, grazing, climate change and pest and di...
Article
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A editora IME é a editora vinculada ao I Congresso Brasileiro Online de Ensino pesquisa e extensão (ENSIPEX) atuando na publicação dos anais do respectivo evento. A editora IME tem como objetivo difundir de forma democrática o conhecimento científico, portanto, promovemos a publicação de artigos científicos, anais de congressos, simpósios e encontr...
Article
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The EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of Nipaecoccus viridis (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Pseudococcidae), the spherical scale, for the EU. It is of Asian origin and occurs widely in southern Asia, Africa and tropical Australia. It has been introduced to a few countries in the Americas. In the Mediterranean basin it is found...
Article
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Plant AT-rich sequences and zinc-binding proteins (PLATZ) play crucial roles in response to environmental stresses. Nevertheless, PLATZ gene family has not been systemically studied in Rosaceae species, such as in apple, pear, peach, or strawberry. In this study, a total of 134 PLATZ proteins were identified from nine Rosaceae genomes and were clas...
Article
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The issue of high concentration of salt in soil is not restricted to coastal areas, but also expands to cultivated lands, complicating, or even intercepting, the growth of plants. The objective of this paper is to study the effect of zeolite, compost and effective microorganisms (EM), seaweed extract, and ceramic powder on MM106 apple (Malus domest...
Preprint
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Hard apple cider is considered to be a low-risk product for food spoilage and mycotoxin contamination due to its alcoholic nature and associated food sanitation measures. However, the thermotolerant mycotoxin-producing fungus Paecilomyces niveus may pose a significant threat to hard cider producers. Pa. niveus is known to infect apples ( Malus x do...
Article
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European red mite Panonychus ulmi (Koch) is one of the most important pests in orchards including apple trees, across different parts of Iran. The effectiveness of the new acaricide acequinocyl was tested on the European red mite of apple tree in three provinces of West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan and Khorasan-e Razavi in 2016.
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Zusammenfassung Ziel der Arbeit war, Möglichkeiten zur Verbesserung der Fruchtqualität und Fruchtfarbe bei zweifarbigen Apfelsorten zu untersuchen. Daher wurde der Einfluss einer Reflexionsfolie (Typ Lumilys® Typ WH110, Beaulieu, Belgien), eines Biostimulans (Stimplex®, Arcadian Seaplants, Kanada), des Sommerschnitts sowie der Entlaubung mit oder o...
Article
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Background: In the rural areas of Himachal Pradesh, poor and tribal people depend on a variety of wild plants, animals, and fungi for their own consumption and for income generation. Despite their role in bridging periods of food shortages and providing dietary variety, most of wild edible plants are not accessed for nutritional potential. This is...
Article
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This study evaluated unripe fruits of ten apple cultivars removed during fruit thinning for their antioxidant activity and mineral content. The unripe fruits were collected from Chuncheon and Jeongseon located at Gangwon-Do of Korea. Antioxidant activities such as total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-pic...
Article
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Twenty prototypes of Venturi-type fertilizer injectors for low-pressure agricultural irrigation systems were designed based on functional hydraulic pressure head and variation of their structural designs. These prototypes were modelled in three dimensions (3D) and evaluated using simulation through Computational Fluid Dynamics software (CFD). The m...
Article
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ANALISIS KONFLIK BATIN PADA TOKOH UTAMADALAM NOVEL LAYLA MAJNUN KARYA SYEKH NIZAMIKAJIAN PSIKOLOGI SASTRA 1Redho Akbar; 2Yayah Chanafiah; 3Sarwit Sarwono Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia Universitas Bengkulu Korespondensi: Redhoakbar98@gmail.com AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan konflik batin yang dialami pada tokoh...
Article
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Citation: Kuzin, A.; Solovchenko, A.; Khort, D.; Filippov, R.; Lukanin, V.; Lukina, N.; Astashev, M.; Konchekov, E. Effects of Plasma-Activated Water on Leaf and Fruit Biochemical Composition and Scion Growth in Apple. Plants 2023, 12, 385. https:// Abstract: The application of plasma-activated water (PAW) in agriculture has gained the attention of...
Preprint
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Understanding the molecular basis of sport mutations in fruit trees can accelerate breeding of novel cultivars. For this, we analyzed the DNA of the apple tree that evolved the RubyMac phenotype through a sport mutation that introduced changes in fruit coloration in upper branches of the tree. Unexpectedly, we not only found 46 de novo mutations, b...
Article
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Ancient cultivars of apple (Malus domestica) and pear (Pyrus communis subsp. communis) at the Botanical Garden of Pavia, with notes on identification, history and phytopathology.
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Precision orchard management requires non-destructive sensor technologies to identify key sources of variation in apple yield and quality so operations such as fruit thinning, root-pruning as well as harvesting can be better targeted and optimised. We compared the data quality of two light detection and ranging (LiDAR) scanners to assess their abil...
Article
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Citation: Sîrbu, C.E.; Des , liu-Avram, M.; Cioroianu, T.M.; Constantinescu-Aruxandei, D.; Oancea, F. High-Temperature Influences Plant Bio-Stimulant-like Effects of the Combination Particle Film-Forming Materials-Foliar Fertilizers on Apple Trees. Agriculture 2023, 13, 178. Abstract: Particle film forming materials were introduced as a solution to...
Chapter
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The naturally occurring phenolic compounds have received major attention in recent years as huge amounts of phenolic compounds can be extracted from fruits, vegetables and beverages that have substantial health benefits. From a physiological and metabolic aspect, phenolic compounds are vital in defence responses, such as anti-ageing, anti-inflammat...
Article
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Transmisi HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) di kalangan pria ditunjang atau didukung oleh banyak faktor yang biasanya disebut HIV risk factors. Dalam tulisan singkat ini saya memcoba untuk menguraikan secara khusus mengenai faktor sosial and lingkungan dan bagaimana kedua faktor ini berkontribusi terhadap penyebaran HIV di kalangan pria (transmiss...
Article
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Malus hupehensis (MH), as a natural resource, contains various active ingredients such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, proteins, amino acids, volatile substances, and other components. Increasingly, studies have indicated that MH showed a variety of biological activities, including antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, anti-cancer, anti-inflam...
Article
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In the past, chemical thinning dominated in fruit orchards. This paper for the special issue outlines alternatives to chemical thinning for crop load management (CLM) and its effect on fruit size, firmness, sugar, starch, and weight, indicating ripeness and fruit quality, yield, and alternate bearing. A total of 450 apple trees (Malus domestica Bor...
Article
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The isolation of phlorizin from the bark of an apple tree in 1835 led to a flurry of research on its inhibitory effect on glucose transporters in the intestine and kidney. Using phlorizin as a prototype drug, antidiabetic agents with more selective inhibitory activity towards glucose transport at the kidney have subsequently been developed. In cont...
Article
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Because of an increased incidence of drought, irrigation has become an important agricultural practice in formerly mesic regions. Efficient irrigation scheduling depends on a good knowledge of tree water relations. For three growing seasons, we monitored stem water potential (Ψstem) in two apple tree cultivars (Malus × domestica cv. ‘Red Jonaprince...
Article
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The landscape pattern of Xinjiang’s wild apple forest (Malus sieversii) area has undergone substantial change due to human activity disruption and frequent natural catastrophes. This change has a significant influence on the biodiversity and stability of the ecosystem. This study aimed to evaluate the spatial and temporal evolution in habitat quali...
Preprint
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In present study, effects of drying methods (continuous and intermittent) and pre-treatments (dipping into 25% salt, 25% vinegar, 25% (salt + vinegar), 10% Pyracantha coccinea and 10% Malus floribunda solutions) on drying models, effective diffusion, dimensional traits, rehydration, color, shrinkage ratio, energy consumption, thermo-physical and so...
Article
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Kesenjangan Sosial merupakan sebuah kondisi yang tidak seimbang antara individu atau kelompok dalam ruang lingkup kehidupan pada lingkungan sosial. Kesenjangan sosial juga terjadi bukan hanya di kalangan masyarakat, melainkan di lingkungan pendidikan hal ini lazim terjadi. Oleh karena itu guru BK memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam mengarahkan...
Article
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’Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’ (‘Ca. P. mali’) has only one major membrane protein, the immunodominant membrane protein (Imp), which is regarded as being close to the ancestor of all phytoplasma immunodominant membrane proteins. Imp binds to actin and possibly facilitates its movement in the plant or insect host cells. However, protein sequences of...
Article
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The ‘Amasya’, the primary cultivar of Turkey, was irradiated in 2011 with 29.01-Gy gamma rays determined the optimal mutagen dosage using a 60Co source to increase genetic variability for apple improvement. Phenotyping characterization was begun with the first vegetative generation after mutagenesis (M1V1) in 2012. A number of traits related to phe...
Article
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Ziel der Untersuchungen war es, den Einfluss einer Verschmutzung von Reflexionsfolien – zur Verbesserung der Fruchtfarbe – auf ihr Reflexionsverhalten zu untersuchen, was sich auf ihre Nutzungsdauer bzw. Wiederverwendbarkeit auswirkt. Dazu wurden zwei Reflexionsfolien, eine silberne Alufolie und eine weiße Polypropylen Gewebefolie (LumilysTM) – wie...
Article
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Key message Eleven Alfin-like (AL) genes were obtained from apple and MdAL4 was selected for improving drought stress tolerance of transgenic apple callus and Arabidopsis. Abstract Drought is an important environmental factor affecting plant growth all over the world. Alfin-like (AL) have well-documented functions in abiotic stress response, but t...
Article
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Abstrak: Studi ini menegaskan munculnya bias komunikasi pada masyarakat muslim di era digital. Kurangnya etika digital sebagai pedoman komunikasi telah membuat masyarakat muslim jauh dari praktik dan perspektif Islam yang tepat. Penyebaran informasi melalui media dan teknologi digital tidak memiliki arah atau batas dan menyebar dengan cepat. WhatsA...
Article
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Cyber harassment is a behavior or act of intimidation that is used through modern communication technology media aimed at humiliating, insulting, playing with, even threatening or intimidating individuals to control and regulate the individual. The most widely used online media are Facebook, SMS and Instagram. The forms of cyber harassment experien...
Article
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Apple geminivirus 1 (AGV) in the genus Maldovirus of the family Geminiviridae was first identified infecting apple trees in the year 2015 in China. In this work, we characterized three isolates of the AGV in the Chinese pearleaf crabapple (Malus asiatica) in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The viruses were detected by Illumina sequencing and its...
Article
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Apples are a major horticultural crop worldwide. Grafting techniques are widely utilized in apple production to keep the varieties pure. Interstocks are frequently used in Northern China to achieve intensive apple dwarfing cultivation. High-throughput sequencing was used to investigate differentially expressed genes in the phloem tissues of two dif...
Article
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Apple scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis, is one of the world’s most commercially significant apple diseases. The fungi have a catastrophic impact on apples, causing considerable losses in fruit quality and productivity in many apple-growing locations despite numerous control agents. Fungi secrete various effectors and other virulence-associated p...
Article
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Floral fragrance is an important trait that contributes to the ornamental properties and pollination of crabapple. However, research on the physiological and molecular biology of the floral volatile compounds of crabapple is rarely reported. In this study, metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses of the floral volatile compounds of standard Malus ro...
Article
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Modern ini pendidikan mengalami penurunan yang dibuktikan dengan minat belajar anak yang menurun. Hal ini terjadi juga terjadi pada anak di Kota Cimacan. Pengabdian mahasiswa merupakan salah satu wadah memperbaiki lingkungan belajar pada anak dengan cara penggunaan metode active learning. Metode tersebut membawa anak ikut aktif dalam belajar dan me...
Conference Paper
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Aktuelna energetska kriza nastala kao posledica globalne nesigurnosti i povećane eksploa-tacije neravnomerno raspoređenih i ograničenih prirodnih resursa stavila je u fokus alterna-tivne izvore energije. Narativ o nuklearnoj energiji praćen je diskusijom o prednosti upotrebe ovog najčistijeg vida energije nasuprot strahu o potencijalnim akcidentima...
Article
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Wooly apple aphid Eriosoma lanigerum Hausmann, 1802 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a significant pest of apple. Modern agriculture rapidly favors biological protection of plants and the introduction of certain beneficial organisms is becoming an increasingly frequent and promising way to control agricultural pests. In addition, the trend of withdrawing...
Article
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This study aims to determine the role of social image as a mediator of the relationship between relational-interdependent self-construal and vicarious embarrassment in late adolescence. The participants of this study were 127 late adolescents aged 17-22 years. Data collection was carried out by convenience sampling. Vicarious embarrassment was meas...
Article
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This study aims to determine the role of social image as a mediator of the relationship between relational-interdependent self-construal and vicarious embarrassment in late adolescence. The participants of this study were 127 late adolescents aged 17-22 years. Data collection was carried out by convenience sampling. Vicarious embarrassment was meas...
Article
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There is no report on the effect of the length of Jizhen 2 interstock on the growth and fruit quality of Tianhong 2 apple trees, which are usually grown in Baoding, Hebei Province, China. We surveyed the tree size, branch types, fruit set, fruit quality and root parameters of 3–5-year-old ‘Tianhong 2/Jizhen 2/Malus × robusta Rehder’ apple trees, to...
Article
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ABSTRAKTergerusnya Pemahaman nilai-nilai budaya lokal pada siswa yang merupakan bagian dari nilai-nilai moderasi beragama telah mengakibatkan siswa menurunnya pemahaman budaya lokal sehingga sebahagian siswa kehilangan identitasnya para siswa sudah kehilangan rasa malu (siri?) dan rasa empati kepada negaranya (pacce?). Selain itu pula di era sekara...
Article
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This article aims to contribute thoughts in response to a series of questions around general issues related to (1) crimes that involve individual humans as perpetrators, and (2) traits inherent in the structure of every crime. The method that guides this work in formulating a comprehensive vision of truth is “conceptual analysis”. The author, there...
Article
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Malus niedzwetzkyana is an endemic, endangered, and valuable plant species. To conservation Malus niedzwetzkyana in nature, it is necessary to obtain planting material with a high survival rate. Selection of optimal pH, light intensity, and fertilizers is necessary to obtain high survival rate during the adaptation period of microshoots after micro...
Article
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Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is one of the most cultivated fruit trees species worldwide, its fruits being consumed not only for their organoleptic attributes, but also for their nutraceutical properties. Therefore, the genetic variability of the species is extremely important to insure a large enough pool of cultivars to accommodate consumer dem...
Article
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Although the application of chemical fertilizers to crops promotes plant growth and yield, their continuous use affects soil heath and creates environmental pollution. On the other hand, plant biostimulants improve nutrients absorption, plant growth, yield and produce quality and are environment-friendly. Therefore, an experiment was conducted duri...
Article
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It is important, but challenging, to partition soil water balance (SWB) to understand the impacts of afforestation on soil hydrological processes. This study will invesitigate the partitioning of SWB by combining stable and radioactive water isotopes to quantify the effects of afforestation, and analyze the mechanism by which SWB changes through id...
Article
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A revision of the wild species in the genus Malus Mill. (Rosaceae) is presented based on numerical analyses and specimens from herbaria around the world, while cultivated species such as Malus domestica (Suckow) Borkh. are not included because of their complicated domestication history. Infra- and interspecific morphological variation and species d...
Article
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The complete netting of orchards is one strategy to protect fruit trees from pest and pathogen damage by reducing insect movement. When the cultivated trees were derived from genetic engineering (GE), reduced pollinator movement may also reduce outcrossing to cultivated or wild non-GE trees. We report on a field study over four years in a plot of a...
Article
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To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the qualitative and quantitative effects of the intrinsic properties of biomass on its pyrolysis characteristics and assess the behavior of agroforestry waste, thermogravimetric analyses of three representative agroforestry wastes, namely rape (Brassica campestris L.) straw (RS), apple (Malus domestica) tr...
Article
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Using a multi-analytical approach, this paper aimed to investigate the effect of apple juice enrichment with Arbutus unedo and Diospyros kaki fruits, Myrtus communis berry extract, Acca sellowiana, or Crocus sativus flower by-products on both bioactive compounds content and antioxidant activity. Physico-chemical parameters, vitamin C, sugars, organ...
Article
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Manalagi apple (Malus Domestica) is one of the local varieties of apples. Apple rind has benefits such as antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal, and anti-colliferative. The use of apples needs to be developed in the form of mouthwash products. The aim of the research was to determine the organoleptic evaluation of the manalagi apple peel extract m...
Article
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Plant cuticular wax was a major consideration affecting the growth and quality of plants through protecting the plant from drought and other diseases. According to existing studies, CER1, as the core enzyme encoding the synthesis of alkanes, the main component of wax, can directly affect the response of plants to stress. However, there were few stu...
Article
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Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti pengaruh buli siber, kemurungan, kebimbangan dan tekanan terhadap pencapaian akademik murid. Kajian kualitatif ini meneroka implikasi buli siber ke atas lima orang murid mangsa buli siber dan telah dikenal pasti mempunyai tahap kemurungan, kebimbangan dan tekanan yang sangat tinggi melalui ujian soal selidik. Dap...
Article
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Botrytis cinerea is the causal agent of grey mould rot of apples. The efficacy of biofumigation with thyme (Thymus vulgaris), savoury (Satureja montana), and basil (Ocimum basilicum) essential oils (EOs) at 1%, 0.5%, and 0.1% concentrations were tested against B. cinerea. In vitro, the results showed 100% growth inhibition at 1% concentration for a...
Article
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Pelecehan seksual adalah segala macam bentuk perilaku yang berkonotasi atau mengarah kepada hal-hal seksual yang dilakukan secara sepihak, sehingga menimbulkan reaksi negatif seperti malu, marah, benci, tersinggung yang terjadi pada diri individu tersebut. Trauma adalah kondisi yang terjadi akibat dari peristiwa buruk yang menimpa diri seseorang. P...
Article
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Assuming the real presence of the phenomenon in Roman society between the first century BC. and the second century AD., the captatio testamentorum is initially studied to establish its concept, define the profile of its protagonists —the captator and the captandus— and explain its operation. The material used essentially comes from a large number o...
Article
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Abstract Background As compared to natural forest ecosystems, soils under agroecosystems are more subjected to changes in physical and biochemical attributes. But, tree species that are retained and/or planted on these agroecosystems replenish soil fertility through the influence of leaves litterfall quantity and quality. Tree species-related diffe...
Article
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Russet formation in apples ( Malus domestica Borkh.) is a superficial skin disorder that detracts from fruit appearance and therefore is a breeding target in many apple scion breeding programs. Previous studies have reported quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for russet formation, but these results have been limited to a narrow genetic background, whic...
Article
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There is a vast diversity of historic heirloom apple varieties around the world. Apples of various colors, sizes, tastes, uses, and ripening times can be found. In Slovakia, there has recently been a rising interest to preserve these apple varieties. The life of a tree is partially influenced by the growing conditions of the environment where the t...
Article
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Adventitious root (AR) formation plays an important role in vegetatively propagated plants. Cytokinin (CK) inhibits AR formation, but the molecular mechanisms driving this process remain unknown. In this study, we confirmed that CK content is related to AR formation and further revealed that a high auxin/CK ratio was beneficial to AR formation in a...
Article
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Emosi malu, salah, dan takut merupakan keadaan emosi yang paling umum dan normal dari kehidupan manusia. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi emosi malu dan bagaimana gereja memanfaatkannya dalam berteologi. Emosi malu lebih banyak dibicarakan dalam bidang psikologi dan konseling untuk alasan terapi. Sementara itu, tradisi agama, secara khusu...
Article
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The research action taken was the application of the talking card (time token) learning model which was carried out in class VII G MTsN Darma in the Even Semester of the 2016/2017 Academic Year. This study aims to determine the improvement of speaking skills after using the "talking card" (time token) learning model at MTsN Darma. The type of data...