Science topic

Malnutrition - Science topic

An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Questions related to Malnutrition
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
In checking for child malnutrition in a household, if there is more than one child, some are malnourished while others are not and we want to check the resilience capacity of the household, how do we classify the household, malnourished or not? and this is to check transition from one state to another between years.
Relevant answer
Classify the households based on resource ownership or socio-economic status, then focus your indepth analyses on the children in the households. Discuss your results in a comparative manner.
Greetings
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
I am looking for a database with images and related locations of coffee crops and their nutritional status for a study.
Relevant answer
Hi, Professor Elsahookie, thank you for your answer.
I mean nutritional status from the crop in the field, like images of leaves/plants with nitrogen deficiency.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
What am i supposed to do, i have among my co-authors one who is LATE, and so when the invitation was sent it could not be confirmed.
1. Exploring barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among pregnant women: A scoping literature review: DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14130
2. Exploring the risk factors of child malnutrition in Sub-Sahara Africa A scoping Review: DOI: 10.1177/02601060221090699
Relevant answer
Answer
Did the journal ask this? (I have seen that with some journals so will assume that is what you mean.)
My suggestion is that you take that co-author off your list if it stops you from getting the work published if it is only because of this fact. They are an adult. They should not be so irresponsible! If they are disappointed, then it is a good lesson for them. If they did not notice or did not care, then that tells they probably should not have been a co-author to start with.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
In what ways have hunger and malnutrition been reconceptualized from a social problem to an individual pathology?
#hunger
Relevant answer
Answer
Hunger and malnutrition can't be understood as individual problems because they involve social inequality, lack of public policies, and other economic factors.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
8 answers
Every third child under the age of five in the world is a victim of malnutrition. At the same time, the situation is even worse in India where 50 percent of the children are malnourished. Government and non-governmental organizations are working on many measures for this. There is a need to identify and implement evidence-based high-impact approaches. Government and non-governmental organizations are working on many measures for this. There is a need to identify and implement evidence-based high-impact measures.
Relevant answer
Answer
I suggest checking the following book chapter. You may find them helpful.
Good luck!
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
In a child that is 6–59 months of age, MUAC < 11.5 cm indicates severe wasting, or SAM. MUAC ≥ 11.5 cm and < 12.5 cm indicates moderate wasting, or MAM.
Admission Criteria for Children 6-59 Months
Old
SAM admission was based on MUAC <11.0 cm and any degree of bilateral pitting edema. Children receiving SAM treatment were discharged when they reach a WFH percentage of the median of 85% for two consecutive visits.
New/updated
Admission for SAM treatment is now based on MUAC <11.5 cm or any degree of bilateral pitting edema or WFH <-3 z-score; for MAM treatment a MUAC of ≥11.5 to <12.5 cm or WFH ≥-3 to <-2 z-score is used. Children receiving SAM or MAM treatment should be discharged when they reach a MUAC ≥ 12.5cm or WFH ≥ -2 z-scores and have no bilateral pitting edema for two consecutive visits.
Relevant answer
Answer
Cut off changes the validity of screening test. As the cut off increases specificity increases . Similarly if we reduce the cut off sensitivity increases
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
690 million people suffer from chronic hunger. As more people go hungry & malnutrition persists around the world.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Nabin,
The aim to end all form of hunger i.e. Zero hunger goal and malnutrition by 2030 can be achieved by using sustainable agriculture, technology support to small and big farmers, optimised use of land, market and technology. Achieving zero hunger can positively impact our social development, health, economies, education and gender equality.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to eradicate world hunger by 2030, but the world is far from realising this target in 2022.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
Dear Researchers,
Greetings! Very recently, one of our research articles have published in BMS Geriatrics where we discussed about the malnutrition and other geriatric depression risk factors. Here, we used 600 (300 depressed as cases and 300 non-depressed) older adult, residents (aged ≥60 years) of three rural communities of Bangladesh (see attachment).
Findings:
The study found no significant difference in gender (male Vs. female) between depressed (44.0% Vs. 56.0%) and non-depressed (46.0% Vs. 54.0%) older individuals. The study revealed that malnutrition was significantly (p < 0.01) higher in depressed (56.0%) than in non-depressed (18.0%) rural older adults. The malnourished older adults had around three times (AOR = 3.155; 95% CI: 1.53–6.49, p = 0.002) more risk of having depression than the well-nourished older individuals. Older adults who were unemployed (AOR = 4.964; 95% CI: 2.361–10.440; p = 0.0001) and from lower and middle class (AOR = 3.654; 95% CI: 2.266–7.767; p = 0.001) were more likely to experience depression. Older adults having a ‘poor diet’ were more likely to experience depression (AOR = 3.384; 95% CI: 1.764–6.703; p = 0.0001). The rural older adults who were single (AOR = 2.368; 95% CI: 1.762–6.524; p = 0.001) and tobacco users (AOR = 2.332; 95% CI: 1.663–5.623; p = 0.003) were found more likely to experience depression.
Geriatric Health research in Bangladesh is not in a good position. There is still so many lacks in this sectors. It's time to take some national level investigation and proper health policy for this age group.
Dear Researchers,
You can also add more policy recommendation for this age group.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think it would be interesting to include the topic of frailty in the discussion, caused among other things by a sedentary lifestyle. Low functional capacity is an important factor related to cognition and depression...
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
Can ascariasis (especially gastro-intestinal) cause malnutrition?
Is there any defined terminology "Severe ascariasis"?
Is there any such case report published?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks all for valuable addition.
But i wanna know is there any quantification for the term "severe ascariasis"?
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
I want to farm the flying termites to mitigate food insecurity and malnutrition in Kenya
Relevant answer
Answer
I have developed incipient termite colonies in the laboratory from the dealates of Odontotermes sp, Macrotermes sp, Microcerotermes sp. I can be possible but time taking and need particular climatic condition such as humidity, temperature and moisture.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
I need research on nutritional deficiency diseases, the most important of which is rickets in chickens
Relevant answer
Answer
Most papers on this topic date to the 1920s and 1930s before feed quality was effectively upgraded. But here's one in ResearchGate from 1977 that covers some of the lit:
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
8 answers
Let's say we have two groups of people. One is having genetic disease "A", and the other is just a control group.
1. We put these two groups on the same not very rich diet. On this poor diet we don't see symptoms of the disease "A", because they are hidden by the effects of a bad diet. In other words we don't see difference between patients and controls.
2. We put these two groups on identical very good diet. In this case we observe disease symptoms among patients, but not in the control group, obviously. The reason is, that these symptoms are no longer masked by a bad diet.
Is this effect even possible? Is it observed in experiments? I look for the answers from the perspective of the whole organisms and single cells also.
Relevant answer
Answer
I do not have any reference to such intervention but I think that it is possible that due to a bad diet, the symptoms of other diseases can be hidden.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
9 answers
Child growth is internationally recognized as an important indicator of nutritional status in populations and underweight, wasting, and stunting are the three most common indicators used to measure nutritional imbalance resulting in undernutrition. The percentage stunting in an area reflects the cumulative effects of undernutrition and infections since and even before birth. The percentage of underweight can reflect the percentage of ‘wasting’ indicating acute weight loss, ‘stunting’, or both. Thus, 'underweight' is a composite indicator and may therefore be difficult to interpret. But, scholars argue that wasting is not a preferable indicator of undernutrition in areas with a high prevalence of stunting, because it may underestimate undernutrition. Can this proposition be acceptable?
Relevant answer
Answer
why are we needing to chose between the two at all? they mean different things and provide overlapping but not identical sets of information about children and populations. i really do not accept this 'single-focus' way of dealing with public health problems. stunting is stunting and wasting is wasting and both are important in their own right and need to be worked upon in different ways. we need to calmly stick to a comprehensive approach instead of getting into false dichotomies and debates. in my work, wasting is important for individual children and their outcomes, and stunting is important for keeping track of population/community level trends.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
I have certain substances (complex macronutrients with minerals and vitamins) that would be registered as a supplement for avoiding stunting in humans. I have planned to make stunting offspring in the animal study but I have no idea with the procedure. Can I do that? what are the consideration and parameters so that it can be approved ethically?
thanks in advance for your answer
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, I am agree with Respected Suzan Sami Ibraheim Faheim
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
15 answers
Hello every body
I am working on child undernutrition inequality. I have seen some complex result during analysis. normally household wealth status have opposite relationship with child undernutrition but I found positive coefficients during RIF regression analysis. so is there may be reasons for this unexpected results. if any body have some results or other supporting literature, please share it
best
Atta
Relevant answer
Answer
Household wealth status will measure by an established index based on household ownership of durable assets. This study will be utilize multivariate logistic regressions to estimate the effect of household wealth status on adverse childhood growth rate.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
I have some interesting data testing Kefir and some food effects in mice models of obesity and malnutrition. However, I just found Open Access journals and the Brazilian government it is not paying for that. Could you suggest me good journals without publications fee?
Relevant answer
Answer
Check LWT-Food Science and Technology
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
I am in the middle of my project but I am having a hard time interpreting the results of Blinder Oxaca decomposition . My topic of research is to find out rural-urban inequalities in child malnutrition using blinder Oaxaca approach.
Relevant answer
Answer
@MariaAli
I hope you get the answer in this paper written by me. I am providing doi for the same.
10.5958/0976-4666.2017.00074.2
Thanks and regards,
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
47 answers
We have clear idea about malnutrition and related health effects.
But improper nutrition is also having serious health effects.
Which one is mere important? Why?
Relevant answer
Answer
Both.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
People with HIV/AIDS are affected by Weight loss and many malnutrition problems. also their energy expenditure is higher than the normal peoples. what are the nutrition advice for them to be at good health.
Relevant answer
Answer
He/she need foods supporting their immune systems, including:
  • Blueberries.
  • Turmeric.
  • Dark chocolate
  • Oily fish.
  • Broccoli.
  • Sweet potatoes.
  • Spinach.
  • Ginger.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
Hi,
I am looking for references on nutrition interventions in south asian nations like Bangladesh and Sri Lanka (mostly nutrition sensitive/preventive approach) to reduce growth faltering/wasting.
I am looking for studies related to interventions related to areas like agriculture linkages for food security, nutrition education, pregnancy nutrition, breastfeeding programs and food diversity that are aimed at controlling malnutrition in these nations. I am mainly looking at programs (please name key programs) that are focused towards reduction of malnutrition in the first year of life.
I am also looking at the factors due to which these programs have worked or have not generated the desired goals.
Please help.
Relevant answer
Answer
Have a look at work by Purnima Menon at IFPRI, as well as recent work by Laurie Miller in Nepal, Parul Christian from Johns Hopkins, and Katherine Kreis at BMGF.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
Obviously malnutrition is a major issue in the Rohingya refugee camps. What other health concerns are at the top of the list in terms of their threat to the communities?
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
24 answers
the elderly people are often identified as a vulnerable group who appear susceptible to malnutrition and disease. At the moment there are no standards for assessing the nutritional status of the elderly. In adults, body size and nutritional status are calculated using Body Mass Index (BMI is weight divided by height squared). The problem with doing the same for the elderly is that it can be difficult to measure their height because of spinal curvature or osteoporosis...
Relevant answer
Answer
Please go through the following PDF attachments.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
To determine how these kinds of situations are out of balance in cancer, a dicussion that highlights measuring specific types of metabolism will be interesting.
For example, by a blood test or urine sample, what types of information are easily determined and linked back to tissue specific conditions present in that person?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes you read the literature about the turn over rate this might solve your problem
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
1 answer
I want to find the demographic and social determinants of child malnutrition using composit index for anthropocentric failure (CIAF).
i want to include some determinants such as gender, mother education, vaccination, wealth status of household etc.
i want to write some theoretical background of these determinants on the basis of which i can do that.
Can any body help me to do so?
best wishes
atta
Relevant answer
Answer
Have your problem solved by this 2 years?
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
Currently, New Zealand children are going to school without lunches as well as having had no breakfast before school. Children are malnourished and parents feel powerless to change their situation. Yes, there are charity meals but they too are struggling to provide nutritious meals and parents are being blamed for not providing adequate nutrition for their children.
Relevant answer
Answer
Philanthropic activities to provide food to school children.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
Here I give two examples:
One is asked by Dr Alka Rani in the thread:
Another is "Why then do experimental animals not survive on diets lacking essential amino or fatty acids?", asked by Dr C.A. (Kees) Kan in the thread:
These questions have helped me to understand the importance of microbiome to our health.
Do you have encountered any good questions in researchGate that inspires and enlightens you?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Prof Rodolfo Vega Candelario,
Thank you very much for contributing an important question to this discussion. I myself is not specialised in any medical specialties. So it will be good if we could invite some experts to this question.
What percentage of microcirculation in the coronary can be revealed by Coronary Angiography, Electrocardiogram, Echocardiography and Cardiac PET?
Is there any preventative measures to reduce the risk?
Best regards
Ligen
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
The information is needed to analyze a colleague's data on malnutrition
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
Conducting a prospective audit for children admitted in a health facility who died related to severe malnutrition.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
19 answers
Chia seed are rich in fats( Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids), carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, mineral, fiber, antioxidant and other phyto-chemicals such as poly-phenol.
Safety limits have been laid out in EU legislation
not more than 10% use in processed food while 15g/day for raw consumption of seeds
Relevant answer
Answer
Chia seeds have many health benefit due to Omega 3 and other ingredients listed in the intro to this question. It helps with lowering cholesterol, managing diabetes, lowering stress, and improving memory.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
Osteoporotic fractures are common dealing in our orthopaedic clinics and trauma rooms. I want to know that is there a large incidence of malnourishment present is such patient suffering from osteoporotic fractures?
Relevant answer
Answer
Undernutrition, particularly protein undernutrition, contributes to the occurrence of osteoporotic fracture, by lowering bone mass and altering muscle strength. Furthermore, the rate of medical complications after fracture can also be increased by nutritional deficiency. The IGF-I system appears to be directly involved in the pathogenetic mechanisms leading to osteoporotic hip fracture in elderly and to its complications. In the presence of adequate calcium and vitamin D supplies, protein supplements increasing the intakes from low to normal, raises IGF-I levels, improves the clinical outcome after hip fracture, and attenuates the decrease in proximal femur bone mineral density in the year following the fracture. This nutritional approach is associated with a significant reduction of the stay in rehabilitation hospital. This underlines the importance of nutritional supports in preventing and healing osteoporotic fractures.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
Does malnutrition , either primary or secondary, affect spermatogenesis (qualitative and/or quantitative) ?
Our study on chronic anemias showed marked effect on spermatogenesis.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
HI! I recently conducted a short study to assess nutritional status of patients in a hospital. Now, there were no controls, to begin with. However, the study, naturally divides the subjects into two groups: well nourished and malnourished. Now, can I use the well nourished subjects as `controls` to compare observations with malnourished subjects??
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks for the question
There is no need to give the designation of control group to the well nourished subjects
You can run your statistical analysis between the 2 groups
Best wishes
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
I am eager to carry research on Assessment of undernutrition and factors associated with undernutrition among adolescents in Nepal. I would like to get help and support on research tool. The data collection tool used by other professionals would be highly appreciative. I am using both qual-quan method. Hope to get support from you all!!! Thank you all!!!!
Relevant answer
Answer
I would list the factors that contribute to under nutrition. Social factors are important. SES
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
Over 800 million people go to their bed with an empty stomach every night. Malnutrition kills over 3 million children every year which is equivalent to 10 children every single minute! Kids are committing suicide in Pakistan and other part of the world to escape poverty and hunger.
People are dying because of over eating in the west while in Africa, the opposite is the case.
Relevant answer
Answer
Because the "perfect market" model underpinning economics is not an accurate depiction of reality. Markets don't work like economists think they do. Largely, it is because of inequality of resource distribution and the mis-valuing of so-called assets and "commodities" such as food. Most economic models mistakenly assume perfect markets and perfect information, because anything else makes the sums too hard or the model doesn't work. Depressing.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
Hi,
I am looking to do a comparison between results of my primary data study on nutrition outcomes with data from a standard health survey (NFHS). My study was done for only malnourished children so I am drawing out SAM cases from the raw NFHS data set for comparison.. I want to see whether the differences are significant on different indicators (around 10 indicators common in both data sets)..
Please suggest appropriate methods to analyse whether differences on certain parameters between these 2 studies are significant..(suggest references)?
Relevant answer
Answer
Marian,
You can go for Z-test to compare mean of two group of variables in case of large no. of data set. If the data set is less than 30 then you can do independent sample t-test for the same. You can use SPSS (any version) to perform these tests. However, if you are not aware of SPSS, then try it in MS Excel of Windows. For that you just go to data tab, then data analysis section and the desired test you want to perform.
Thanks
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
I am analyzing the rates of malnutrition (wasting) in two datasets of screenings that were previously held. In the first dataset (with over 600 children), the wasting rate was 9.5% and the second (with over 1300 people) was 14%. I would now like to determine the probability of a malnourished child being detected in each of the screenings (the first and second). Any assistance on this will be greatly appreciated.
Relevant answer
Answer
For a binary logistic regression, besides using the ROC curve to judge the adequacy of the model, I recommend also using the Sensitivity and Specificity (at the optimum cut-point) as well as the Misclassification Rate and the Positive and Negative Predictive Values. The predictor variables may be discrete, continuous, or categorical.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
Predictors of Chronic Undernutrition (Stunting) among Under Five Children in Rural East Wollega, Oromiya Region, West Ethiopia: A Community Based Unmatched Case - Control Stud?
Relevant answer
Answer
The only reason to be doing a study like this is if field experience suggests some unique causes that are typical to the this particular group. In that case, such a study can be justified. In other words, an intersectionality lens that disaggregates different tribal groups rather than lumps them all together as a homogenous category. Basic causes at a broad level are the same, so even the title would need to reflect the fact that a particular nuance is being explored.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
To find out what are causes India for malnutrition.
Relevant answer
Answer
first you need to develop a framework: 1. what exactly do you want to know for what purpose. eg all possible causes is different from interveniable causes. Then you do a mind map, with some peers, stakeholders, to generate hypothesis. From here you develop your questionnaire.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
Malnutrition, specially under-nutrition has been strongly linked with tuberculosis among children. However, there is scarcity of literature and guidelines in this area. I am trying to develop screening and referral guidelines for childhood tuberculosis among malnourished children which can be used by different cadres of health workers in Nepal. 
Relevant answer
Answer
Please find the first Childhood tuberculosis management guideline for Nepal
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
17 answers
This is a very difficult subject and has a lot of if's and but's, but still we have many issues with children being abused, suffering malnutrition and living in poverty, my question is Why? We live in a world that advocate's contraception and feel there is a real need to have more effective education. If abortion is criminalised will this cause growth in the atrocities that children have to bare?
Relevant answer
Answer
I think the answer could be None. The woman can go online and buy CYTOTEC/MISOPROSTOL and it will be delivered by mail in 3 days and she can take it and the unwanted fetus is aborted. And there could be doctors willing to stock it and provide it to women who want to miscarry. Since Misoprostol works, there is no more issue about banning abortion. The only issue is making sure all women know there is a pill that causes abortions if they take it early enough. Abortion is pretty obsolete.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
malnutrition in school going children by visiting only schools and covering obesity under malnutrition as well
Relevant answer
Answer
There is not any validated questionnaire for assessing malnutrition in pediatric community. However, by knowing the weight and height of children, you are able to calculate z-scores of BMI using the anthroplus software of WHO. this is the only validated way to evaluate malnutrition prevalence in children.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
18 answers
i am planning to do some research work on malnutrition model of rat, so i want to create a general malnutrition model on rat. for this can i develop the malnutrition model of rat by providing half the amount of normal diet given to the normal group of animal ?
Relevant answer
Answer
I guess 5 % will be very less. And using excel for preparation of desire ration may solve ur problem. Pearson sq is easy but people use excel so that more no of ingredients can be used simultaneously.
Again in order to get low protein diet we hv to change the proteinaceous ingredient in the diet and we hv to replace with some low calorie and protein ingredient. Otherwise ur energy content will be very high while reducing the protein which can attract criticism
So plan accordingly
Regards
Partha
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
18 answers
I want to conduct research of 5 malnourished children (stunting, wasting and underweight)?
Relevant answer
Answer
/*(For NFHS-3)
For Underweight (-SD), Stunting (-SD), Wasting (-SD)*/
use IAKR52FL
gen haz06=hw70
replace haz06=. if hw70>=9996
gen waz06=hw71
replace waz06=. if hw71>=9996
gen whz06=hw72
replace whz06=. if hw72>=9996
(For -2SD)
gen below2_haz = ( haz06 < -200)
replace below2_haz=. if haz06==.
gen below2_waz = ( waz06 < -200)
replace below2_waz=. if waz06==.
gen below2_whz = ( whz06 < -200)
replace below2_whz=. if whz06==.
(For -3SD)
gen below3_haz = ( haz06 < -300)
replace below3_haz=. if haz06==.
gen below3_waz = ( waz06 < -300)
replace below3_waz=. if waz06==.
gen below3_whz = ( whz06 < -300)
replace below3_whz=. if whz06==.
label variable haz06 "Length/height-for-age Z-score (stunting)"
label variable waz06 "Weight-for-age Z-score (Underweight)"
label variable whz06 "Weight-for-length/height Z-score (Wasting)"
label variable below2_haz "Stunting (-2SD)"
label variable below3_haz "Stunting (-3SD)"
label variable below2_waz "Underweight (-2SD)"
label variable below3_waz "Underweight (-3SD)"
label variable below2_whz "Wasting (-2SD)"
label variable below3_whz "Wasting (-3SD)"
save IAKR52FL, replace
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
Assessment tool for assessing performance or impact of community based management of acute malnutrition especially in the rural part of the community.
Thank you!
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Sileshi, the implementation of CMAM is particular for each zone, therefore there would not be a tool applicable to all zones; However, UNICEF has already carried out evaluations of the impact of this intervention in several countries, which you can check on this link or on the UNICEF website.
Keep in mind that to raise the question of the impact evaluation and indicators it is necessary to identify the theory of change or the logical model of intervention, this is what can change from one scenario to another and make the intervention particular.
regards
JP
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
Hi,
I am planning to do indepth community profiling of certain regions that have the highest and least incidence of malnutrition in a particular district. Please provide some sociology/anthropoligical papers so that I can refine my research questions better. I particularly want to identify 'vulnerabilities' that make certain regions and households come into malnutrition..I am particularly interested in exploring cases with recurrent illnesses..
Please help me with some vulnerability assessment (qualitative) methodologies...
Relevant answer
Answer
we (PHRN) have a home visit protocol that we use in our programme of CMAM. it is not available on line. we could share it with you with appropriate acknowledgement. however, you could get some tips from an old document - the JSA hunger watch protocol that is available publicly on my site. section V deals with household level food insecurity i believe and this protocol has also been adapted by the supreme court commissioners on right to food and the adaptation should be available online. i dont think the focus is so much on illnesses though, which would be more related to water and sanitation issues, seasonal influences (malaria and diarrhoea in particular).
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
23 answers
Diet imbalance is a major challenge in human and animal nutrition... absence of micronutrients in diets spells malnutrition and nutrition related diseases....
Relevant answer
Answer
AROUND THE WORLD, more than 2 billion people are thought to be affected by an often invisible form of malnutrition: micronutrient malnutrition, commonly known as hidden hunger.1 Vitamin and mineral deficiencies—at least in mild to moderate forms—may not be as observable as wasting or obesity, but their effects are far-reaching. Globally, vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is the leading cause of blindness in children.2 Iodine deficiency causes 18 million babies to be born mentally impaired each year.3 And severe anemia caused by lack of iron is associated with the deaths of 115,000 women annually during childbirth.4 Vitamin A, iodine, and iron are classified as “the big three,” but deficiencies of other micronutrients, such as folate, zinc, vitamin B12, and vitamin D, are also important.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
I am conducting community based cross sectional PhD study on mother and child malnutrition: Cause and its Health Consequences in Punjab, Pakistan.
My target population is mothers having one child age 6-23 months old.
For example the population of Punjab province (My Universe) comprised of 110 million population and how can I calculate my sample framework only 6-23 months children? I want to know about the actual target population of my study. After this I will be able to draw sample size with confidence.
Kindly help me to know about how many children will be my target population out of 110 million population.
Looking for help
Regards
Muhammad Asim
PhD Scholar,
Department of Sociology, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
Relevant answer
Answer
Your target population is already defined. What you need is a sample from that target population. As Ali says, visit government departments that keep those records, establish the number and do a sample of those numbers. If you are ding a qualitative study, remember that its the richness of data that counts. If you are doing quantitative remember it is representation that matters.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
13 answers
Malnutrition affects many hypothalamic pituitary functions, Does this have effect on menstrual cycles ??
Relevant answer
Answer
MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY eJOURNAL
"Double Burden: Obesity Among Iron Deficiency Anemic Nursing Students" Free Download
UTOOMPORN SITTISINGH, St. Theresa International College
In this study, it was statistically significant difference between IDA and the non-IDA with the students’ body weight (Kruskal – Wallis test = 4.31, p< 0.05) and between the normal-weight and overweight with the students' duration of menstruation (Kruskal-Wallis H test = 6.54, p < 0.05).
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
Hi,
I want to conduct a mental development test on Indian tribal SAM/MAM children (7 months-5 yrs) who visit a facility for inpatient care .. The objective is to link level of nutritional status/improvement with level of psycho social stimulation.. It would be conducted in hospital itself.. Please note, I would also look at parent -child interactions as well as this an ethnic-poor social group..
Kindly suggest appropriate scale (eg: Bayley, Griffiths Mental Development Scales ) that I could use for the same with some research papers..
Relevant answer
Answer
Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (BSID–II) would be good. See systematic review published by University of Edinburgh, the more important measurements to consider are how to describe and quantify the intervention of "psychosocial stimulation". This may not be a 'level' on one dimension. The 'strength' or 'quality' of psychosocial stimulation needs to be carefully described, quantified. Distinguish between stimulation provided between parent-child and other sources of stimulation that may also be therapeutic (example, interactions with sibling, hospital staff).
The review described the intervention as "Psychosocial stimulation (ie, physical, sensory, and/or emotional input), play therapy, or responsive parenting interventions in any setting (eg, community or hospital–based) were included."
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
17 answers
We are planning an intervention study among the malnourished rural children. The aim is to develop a feasible/sustainable model for addressing the malnutrition. Do anyone have a successful model/module of such interventions? I am particularly looking for those success stories/modules from developing countries.
Please do share your ideas and materials.
Relevant answer
Answer
We did the national big scale survey in 6,255 schoolchildren aged 6-14 years in 17 provinces out of 72 provinces and Bangkok funded by UNICEF in 1994.  Among 40 schools, the highest prevalence of both iron deficiency anemia (IDA)and hookworm infestation was in the south. Our team started by using I, E & C (Information, Education & Communication). There were 4 schools in that sub-district.  Daily dose for 1 month, twice weekly, weekly iron (ferrous sulphate) tablet supplementation and daily iron-rich food in school lunch program were conducted in 4 schools for 3 months after the team informed and educated (I,E)all the teachers in each school. At the same time, the health workers in 13 Health Promoting Hospitals (HPH)  in that district were trained on IDA and hookworm laboratory by the staff from the Department of Health.
It was revealed that serum ferritin (SF) and hemoglobin (Hb) among the children were incresed with no statistical significant difference among 4 schools. Then weekly dose of iron and iron - rich food lunch was performed for the next 3 months. The result showed the statistical significan different of SF and Hb according to high supervision was need for weekly iron supplementation recommendation from other studies.
During the interventions, the biomarkers of the students were informed to the principles for evidence-based and observation among the 4 schools.
Moreover, a tape-record program for television broadcasting was performed. The interviews of the school principles schoolchildren's parents were revealed without manuscript.  The priciple said that the Arithmatic examination marks of the children was noticable higher while the parent told that his son was seldom catching cold compared to the quite often in the past.
The results from the study was reported to the members of the Sub-district Administrative Council (SAC) during the AIC (Appreciation, Influence and Control) workshop with the Chief Medical Doctor acting as the moderator. Consequently, budget for iron supplementation among schoolchildren was endorsed in the SAC plan and extend to other groups (women of reproductive age, elderly, preschollers) until now.
As the positive result of the program, a two-day workshop, 1st day of the 1st week, workshop among 13 SACs 13 HPHs ,and 47 schools was organized. Lesson learned form the program was revealed by the 4 school principles, members of SAC and health workers from the sub-district. AIC process was introduced by the chief medical doctor who organized the first AIC wotkshop at the beginning.  The teams of the 13 SACs 13 HPHs ,and 47 schools had to use AIC process to establish their strategic plan and present in the 2nd day of the 2nd week workshop. So the workshop participants had a week time for their own strategic plan on IDA control and prevention.
In conclusion, the IDA control and prevention was sustained for 20 years, organized by the local people and extended from schoolchildren to women of reproductive age, elderly and preschoolers.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
4 answers
Previous studies on malnutrition. How long should the study last? How to test for attention span.
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
We have found many women with HG with horrific dreams and nightmares.  I'm trying to sort out if it connected to dehydration, altered electrolytes, malnutrition, sleep deprivation vs. Vitamin B6.  There was ONE study (college students) where vitamin B6 increased dream salience-- meaning they remembered their dreams more clearly.   Miriam Erick, MS RDN (author  "Take Two Crackers and Call Me in the Morning! a real-life guide for surviving morning sickness"  (e-book, 2015) and "Managing Morning Sickness" (2004 Bull Pub)
Relevant answer
Answer
It's easy to be treated by Chinese medicine. Please find why a patient has nightmares from the link below.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
19 answers
There has been significant nutrient depletion from agricultural soils, and existing fertilizers primarily supply plants with the nutrients they need to grow, and not necessarily with the nutrients that are essential to humans and animals eating the plants. It is therefore possible that through continual cropping elements essential to humans (but not to plants) could become depleted from agricultural soils. Approximately 2 billion people is said to suffer from micronutrient and trace element deficiencies, also known as the hidden hunger. Agronomic biofortification is a process of either enriching existing macronutrient fertilizers or irrigation water with the nutrients lacking from human diets and supplying these to our food crops in order to increase the concentrations of these elements in the human diet. Could this be a viable alternative to supplementation, dietary diversification, food fortification, genetic modification and transgenetic foods?
Relevant answer
Answer
An excellent response from Namukolo. Biofortification has to come through  modifications within the plants , instead of using a fortified fertilizer to realise elevation in nutrient density of the crop...
We are more concerned with genetic fortification as rightly pinpointed by  Meike, well said..
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
I am nowadays working on questions of logistics related to malnutrition decrease in Emerging countries. I am trying to search to which field those researches can be related and I found that almost all humanitarian logistics works deal with disasters or emergencies, even during the disaster or post-disaster, but I have difficulties to find non-emergency works. Can someone help me to find a terminology to name this logistics field and know if some authors worked on this. I found a few works on social improvement or social welfare logistics, but the field does not seem to be unified and maybe the terminology is different. Thank you in advance
Relevant answer
Answer
I do not understand what Edward wants exactly to say ... Yes, I understand that a definition needs to say what a thing is and what it is not but in the case of non-emergency humanitarian logistics? However, thank you very much for all your answers. I found the term "social welfare logistics" (and "social improvement logistics") which are close to what I intended to say: the logistics operations that allow a social improvement of in general low income or fragile populations.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
In the wake of food insecurity and malnutrition all over, is the use of SCP (Single cell protein) gaining popularity or is it still unacceptable to use microorganisms as food? I know microbes like yeasts and mushrooms are used commonly as food and feed supplements, but what about bacteria, algae and other fungal organisms? These cells multiply fast, independently of climatic factors and accumulate huge amounts of proteins. What are the cons and pros of using SCP as food? Are there any practical examples of where and how they are used?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you both for the answers towards SCP as food which definitely requires answers especially in the wake of food insecurity all over. The disadvantages are many but so are the advantages...Can the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? and can people finally start to accept microbes as food?
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
1 answer
I am presently looking at my district's indicator on under five mortality rates related to severe malnutrition. Protocol guidelines are there or present, so my aim is to find out why are these children not surviving despite being treated. I am intending to find out what's the cause of death through prospective auditing of their files. My problem is that I need to develop an audit tool that will include the care of the malnourished child from his/her household until being down referred (if he/she survives) or dies in the facility.
Relevant answer
Answer
Despite of treatment for the malnutrition if child die, the issue of hygiene would be another big cause. An integrated Mother-child care approach should induced.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
30 answers
India has got its freedom in the year 1947 and we have already passed 68 year. Children are country's future human resources. Their health & nutrition should be in good condition. But recent survey revealed that the state-wide (West Bengal) prevalence of malnutrition was 26.1% & 19.6% in primary & upper-primary students respectively. Another 28.6% & 26.1% of the studied population were `At High Risk’ of developing under-nutrition (3rd to <10th percentile weight & height in respect to age & sex of Indian Academy of Paediatric standard) among primary & upper-primary students. State-wide Ideal Nutritional status was 17% & 23.5% among primary & upper-primary students. Prevalence of anaemia was 29% & 19% among primary & upper-primary students. Other important observations indicated that malnutrition was higher in rural students than their urban counterpart and more in boys than girls. But prevalence of anaemia was higher among girls than boys. Problem of exclusive stunting was 6.9% & 5.7% and that of exclusive under-weight was 6.4% & 4.6% among primary and upper-primary students respectively. Both under-weight and stunting was present in the tune of 12.8% & 9.3% in primary & upper-primary students respectively.
My question is how to improve this situation further as all studied subjects have been receiving receiving school meal programme (freshly prepared cooked meal that is served hot during lunch time)? Does nutrition surveillance at school level will improve the scenario apart from strengthening school meal services including its health components?
Relevant answer
Answer
Responding to Ms. Prasad's statement, I do not agree to the statement as Mid day Meal activitiy is going well in many schools with their limited resources. If it is stopped, many under-privileged children will be deprived of one meal, who just come to school for the sake of mid day meal. On holidays, they remain starved or partially fed.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
Anosmia and dysgesia are frequent symptoms in cirrhotic patients. They can be a cause of malnutrition due to hyporexia. It has been suggested that low plasma zinc levels are associated with these abnormalities. Nevertheles only few studies have evalated treatment of anosmia and dysgeusia. What is your exerience with this issue?
Relevant answer
Answer
Interesting question whose answer involves addressing both the pathophysiology and several clinical conditions that are diagnosed and treated in the field of internal medicine.
In principle an overview:
As a basic principle alterations of taste and smell they have to do with injury or altered sensitivity threshold for the cranial nerves involved in these functions.
For smell they are involved two cranial nerves: olfactory (par I) and trigeminal (par V)
With regard to taste they are involved mainly V and VII pair (fascial), but also involved the vagus nerve (X) and glossopharyngeal (IX).
The neural sensitivity of taste and smell are closely related, even they are complementary to the visual perception (II par "optic nerve") nice view of the food by smell, taste and eating.
In my experience as a researcher and clinician, I have had the experience to diagnose this disorder in many patients.
In order to systematize and based on the taste and alteration in the sensitivity of the nerves involved already mentioned;
a) Alteration to sweet taste (dysgeusia sugar) I have identified in patients with DM2
b) Alteration to taste salty and bitter (dysgeusia salt and bitter substances such as quinine) in patients with liver cirrhosis and chronic renal failure,
Other flavor mentioned, the umami (savory) food with chemical preservative added monosodium gluamato. So all patients with dysgeusia accept "tasty" type food: canned meats, fatty meats, etc ...
As for the smell, injury or dysfunction of cranial nerves I and V, have been invoked nasal conditions and retronasal as allergic or infectious rhinitis, turbinate hypertrophy, injury or deviated septum, tumors, multiple trauma, nasal cocaine use , decreased nasal lubrication and Sjogren's syndrome, exposure to vapors of organic, halogenated solvents and heavy metals (workers in the metal industry or paints)
All degenerative diseases can affect equally both taste and smell and cause anosmia and dysgeusia. Examples: Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis.
The use of medications can also cause anosmia or dysgeusia, or both, such as antibiotics (penicillins, macrolides, others such as ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and moxifloxacin). Antihypertensives such as diuretics and ACE inhibitors. Antiepileptic drugs (carbamazepine, phenytoin), antipsychotics (clozapine) , lithium salts, anti-inflammatories (d-penicillamine, cortisone, gold salts).
Malnutrition or selective deficiency of some trace elements such as Zn and Cu, or deficiency of vitamin A, B6 and B12, have also been recognized (and I've known in my clinical practice or in some investigations "Serum levels of Fe, Cu and Zn in the fever and the antipyretic aspirin-induced ") to cause dysgeusia and anosmia.
Greetings, and hoping to contribute to these elements and evidence to the discussion in this forum
Dr. Jose Luis Garcia Vigil
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
malnutrition , MUST assessment tool, nurse and patient education, communication, limitations due to dementia
Relevant answer
Answer
To help a person with dementia eat well, all care partners need to understand behavioral and environmental dementia care interventions.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
what is the linkages between Sociology and Malnutrition or how to link Sociology with Malnutrition?
Relevant answer
Answer
"What is the linkages between Sociology and Malnutrition or how to link Sociology with Malnutrition?" seems to me not an appropriate question. It could have generated a lot of interest if it was rephrased as "how can sociology explain malnutrition?" or what are the sociological explanations to nutrition? 
Kebede
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
19 answers
i am planning to do research on changes in volume of white matter and grey matter due to effect of severe malnutrition. for this i will make the section of brain with some thickness. how can i use imageJ in this process?
Relevant answer
Answer
Of course, you can. You just have to do simple calibration and then proceed.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
To date, the commercial forms of RUTF and  BP100 are taken as the only alternatives to treat malnutrition in developing nations. But  is there any country  which develop  locally developed(organic)alternative therapy for malnutrition. Like India who blocked to import of these  products and trying to formulate their own locally made version.
Relevant answer
Answer
not at all :)
please refer to our paper "Potentials, Experiences and Outcomes of a Comprehensive Community Based Programme to Address Malnutrition in Tribal India" published in International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition, September 2015 for an experience using local foods. The paper is available as open source.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
7 answers
Anyone having access to research papers/ reports, please share with me.
Relevant answer
Answer
concern "Zn and Fe biofortification: The right chemical environment for human
bioavailability" by Stephan Clemens
and
A Question Mark on Zinc Deficiency in 185 Million People in Pakistan—Possible Way Out by Khalid et al., in 2014
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
13 answers
Tsedeke Wolde and Eyasu Ejeta, Jimma University
Relevant answer
Answer
The association between poor nutrition and inability in developing an appropriate immune response to M tuberculosis seems very clear.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
Is there any easy approach to apply based on available statistics at national level? 
Relevant answer
Answer
Helo Dr Sieber,
you can find good information about malnutrition in 
regards
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
I am currently looking for research on effect of provision of water and sanitation on under nutrition among children in developing country? Particularly to measure effect/contribution of unprotected water to malnutrition.
Thank you in advance
Relevant answer
Answer
Here are a paper that elaborates the pathways linking WASH/EE to nutrition, they don't have specific indicators here but you can attach indicators to the pathways to help develop your survey. 
And here is a paper that provides the biomarkers for EE if you have the capacity for sample collection on the survey: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12916-014-0187-1.pdf
If you are just looking for a WASH module/questions to include in a nutrition survey, here are some resources, but note for which situation and population these are crafted for, to try to ensure you pick the one appropriate for your sample. 
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
Why the malnutrition rate has been incresing in most of Subsaharan African countries nomatter all the nutrition programmes?
Relevant answer
Answer
Food insecurity is the number one factor alongside lack of good nutritional knowledge in most African communities. Plant based diet for instance to some degree is available and affordable in most African communities and yet they don't utilize them.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
5 answers
In a previous paper (http://www.ngds-ku.org/Papers/J34.pdf), I have tried to define acute malnutrition as the condition when both percentiles lie below third. I wonder how good this definition is?
Relevant answer
Answer
Table 2.2
 
 
The 1995 WHO growth reference: use of percentiles and Z -scores
Outcomes Anthropometric measures and cut points Indication of growth/nutrition problems
Infants and children (<10 years)
Stunting HAZ < –2
Z score, or <3rd percentile Chronic malnutrition
Wasting/thinness WHZ < –2
  • Z score, or <3rd percentile Acute malnutrition, current malnutrition
Overweight WHZ > 2
Z score Overweight
Adolescents (> =10 years)
Stunting HAZ <–2, or <3rd percentile Chronic malnutrition
Thinness BMI-for-age < 5th percentile Underweight
At risk of overweight BMI-for-age > =85th percentile Overweight
Obese BMI-for-age > =85th percentile and
triceps and subscapular
Obesity
skinfold thickness-for-age > =90th
percentiles
This table summarizes the cut-points of percentiles and
Z -scores to defi ne problematic growth status in children and
adolescents when using anthropometric measures. These cut-points based on statistical distribution are often adopted
by other growth references/standards including the recent new WHO growth standards and references
HAZ
 
 
: Height- or length-for-age Z -score; WHZ : Weight-for-age Z -score; BMI : Body mass index (WHO 1995 )
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
16 answers
Patients with cancer and who use chemotherapy suffering from loss of appetite, difficulty swallowing and poor metabolism of food, leading to malnutrition and lack of immune and good attention to diet of the patient that guarantees them the safety of microorganisms pathogen, a high quality healthy food and treats difficulty swallowing it provides a good amount of protein in order to strengthen the immune system.
Relevant answer
Answer
As a student nurse, the voice and the official proxy of a mother who survived two types of cancer, the psychological status of the patient has a tremendous effect on the overall well-being of the patients who are receiving chemotherapy. A thorough assessment using one of the conventional tool such as the mini mental status exam should be the start point for each oncology care, along with professional expertise, compassion, culture sensitivity and competence.
Once this is done, nutritional counseling, based on the latest evidence based practice can then take place. Yet, if the psyche of the patient who is already under the trauma of cancer diagnosis, the demanding engagement of frequent therapy sessions, and the adverse effects of the neoplastic drugs will act synergistically to decrease the patient's compliance and receptiveness with specialists' recommendations despite proven efficiency!
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
It is known that patients with pressure ulcers often suffer from malnutrition and require caloric supplementation because of the stress of the pressure ulcers.
Relevant answer
In long-term patients with tracheostomy, we use indirect calorimetry (we do not have the canopy). Even in those with grade IV giant pressure sores we're not used to see REE bigger than 1600-1700kcal. For those patients in clinical ward, stable, we use Harris-Benedict x 1.2 although its imprecisions. We try - I said try - to control with pre-albumin measurements and other clinico-laboratorial data, always keeping in mind the imprecision to determine adequacy. If the patient does no exhibit high-grade SIRS and fails to gain weight or improve he pressure sores, we increase in each 1 or 2 weeks +10% to 20% in calories and protein, supplementary zinc and C vitamin.
In a recent premier paper shown in Clinical Nutrition week 2015 (the abstract is available in february edition of JPEN), a north-american group finds REE not bigger than 1400 kcal foi patients > 80-85 yo (long-term facilities, no pressure-sore subgroup defined).
Thank you for your question and for the opportunity to share ideas.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
10 answers
I have looked in the World Bank, UNICEF and even in the National Institute of Statistics of Spain, but all I get are numbers from some years, not a progression of years worth of data.
Relevant answer
Answer
you could look at the recently published Global Nutrition Report. see: http://globalnutritionreport.org/files/2014/12/gnr14_cp_spain.pdf
The report does contain trend data.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
In a study measuring the burden and impact of malnutrition in adult medical patients we have proposed to use the APACHE III in the view that there is not a similar outcome prediction calculator we can use. However, the APACHE III (or earlier APAHCEs) have not been validated in the general adult medical patient. Can anyone advise me if they are aware of any studies that have validated APACHE for this population group or if there is another calculator we should be using?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Elsa, thanks for your message. I must admit I was a little taken aback that there are no disease severity calculators for medical patients. I naively thought this would be a given! Thanks for the link - I will definitely check it out. At this stage we are planning to use the ANZICS calculator which uses six disease and prognostic calculators rolled into the one. One limiting factor is that it hasn't been validated in non-ICU pts. Are you exploring malnutrition in older people? 
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
6 answers
I am working on some topics related to nutritional status in children and poverty, but I cannot understand the ideas of " stunting, overweight" etc. Would anybody like to explain and provide the standard formulas to calculate them?
Relevant answer
Answer
The reference that Eliz suggested will be useful for sure. If you go to the WHO website you can search WHO anthro and this is software that you can use to calculate z scores used to determine the different forms of malnutrition.
The fact is that poor nutrition affects child growth and that chronic malnutrition can lead to retarded linear growth leading to infants and young children being of shorter stature than standard expectations. This is stunting! However the stunting does not only affect linear growth but also development in general including brain and cognitive develoment with long term effects on educational outcomes. The link between educational outcomes and malnutrition in developing countires makes poverty difficult to combat with further impact on economic development. Besides being caused by chronic malnutrition stunting can also be caused by what is termed hidden hunger which refers to micronutrient deficiencies resulting from low nutrient  density diets. This is why there is so much emphasis on micronutrients currently in nutrition globally.
Overweight on the other hand is usually as a result of dietary energy intake in excess of requirments leading to a Body mass index higher than 25Kg/m2 for children older than 9 years and adults. This situation can further lead to obesity. For infants and young children up to 9 years Weigh-for-height z scores above +2 SD. This puts the child at risk of developing noncommunicable diseases like diabetes and others and puts the child at risk of the same later in adulthood also with impact on health.
I hope this quick summary will help you.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
18 answers
Fecal markers of intestinal inflammation.
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
2 answers
When the plasma LDL of a patient is lower than normal is this caused by malnutrition, cancer, infectious disease or cachexia?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, occult malignancy, malnutrition and chronic liver diseases can lead to low LDL-C levels. In addition, abetalipoproteinemia and familial hypobetalipoproteinemia, which are relatively rare inherited diseases, can also lower the LDL cholesterol levels.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
37 answers
Regarding the projected increase in global population, the claim is often made that in order to achieve food security and eradicate malnutrition, food production needs to be increased. Yet, the counterargument is also put forward that unless food is properly distributed (i.e., people need to be able to afford food), merely increasing production will not reduce malnutrition incidence. Does anyone know of any empirical studies which assess the relative contribution of agricultural output, agricultural productivity, and income distribution (alongside other explanatory variables, perhaps reflecting population and agricultural trade) to reduction of malnutrition incidence? So far I have only been able to identify a study by IFPRI which dates back to 2001 (by L Smith and L Haddad).
Relevant answer
Answer
Michele, as you will find, this is an age-old issue, yet highly relevant today as we are yet to achieve the productivity growth that could be achieved in several developing countries. Translating food production into nutritional outcomes has been a challenge. Typical example is India where the 'green revolution ' was achieved in the early eighties and food self sufficiency was achieved at the national level , still household food security is remains an issue. Further food is only one ingredient in solving malnutrition issue. Health, sanitation, and care. There is quite a bit of literature on this. These interventions have to be integrated with the food production goals . This is the reason for the renewed emphasis on Agriculture for Nutrition. You might want to look into the literature related to this; fortification, nutrition value chains, and social safety-nets connecting the agricultural- nutrition programming. There are several ( often overlapping ) programs at the international level that are bringing these issues to the forefront. Yet at the country level the institutional architecture for agricultural-nutrition programming is still missing in most of the developing countries. Until this happens and until we strengthen these system, we will be faced with the challenge of translating international / global results into action at the policy and program level within the countries.
  • asked a question related to Malnutrition
Question
3 answers
I am looking for articles talking about the role of physiotherapists in the diagnostic, prevention and treatment of malnutrition among elderly. Does anyone have any suggestions?