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Macrofungi - Science topic

Studying diversity, ecology of macrofungal genera
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Publications related to Macrofungi (2,109)
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β-1, 6-glucan synthase is a key enzyme of β-1, 6-glucan synthesis, which plays a vital role in the cell wall cross-linking of fungi. However, the role of the β-1, 6-glucan synthase gene in the development of the fruiting body and the stress response of macrofungi is largely unknown. In this study, four overexpression transformants of the β-1, 6-glu...
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The vegetation and climatic conditions of union territory of Jammu and Kashmir in India possess a prime location in the world for the hotspot and biodiversity of mushrooms. Although, this province is still unexplored due to less courtesy and unawareness towards this subject. In this backdrop, regular field trips for exploration and documentation of...
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Fungi are a hyper-diverse kingdom that contributes significantly to the regulation of the global carbon and nutrient cycle. However, our understanding of the distribution of fungal diversity is often hindered by a lack of data, especially on a large spatial scale. Open biodiversity data may provide a solution, but concerns about the potential spati...
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The macrofungi diversity in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria has been inadequately sampled and never documented; this situation makes the the assessment of changes that may occur in wild macrofungi diversity in Auriculariaceae, Tricholomataceae, Hygrophoraceae, Hydnangiaceae, Entolomaceae, Cortinariaceae, Pleurotaceae, Dacrymycetaceae, species each. P...
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Abstrak Mikotoksin merupakan salah satu toksin yang banyak menyebabkan keracunan makanan pada manusia. Makrofungi dari Divisi Basidiomycota merupakan salah satu sumber terjadinya keracunan akibat mikotoksin yang disebabkan banyaknya konsumsi makrofungi liar dan beberapa di antaranya diketahui mengandung senyawa toksin yang dapat membahayakan tubuh...
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This work focused on obtaining fermented oil cake (cotton or Jatropha) via macrofungi growth with potential characteristics for animal feed formulations, such as the presence of extracellular enzymes, bioactive (ergosterol and antioxidants), and detoxification of antinutritional compounds. The concentration of phorbol esters was reduced by four mac...
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Fungi are highly diverse organisms, which provide multiple ecosystem services. However, compared with charismatic animals and plants, the distribution patterns and conservation needs of fungi have been little explored. Here we used high‐resolution sequencing to assess endemicity patterns, global change vulnerability and conservation priority areas...
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Sanghuangporus sp., a medicinal and edible homologous macrofungus known as ‘forest gold’, which has good effects on antitumor, hypolipidemia and the treatment of gynecological diseases. However, the natural resources of fruiting body are on the verge of depletion due to its long growth cycle and over exploitation. The growth and metabolism of macro...
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Macrofungi are essential in forest ecological functioning. Their distribution and diversity are primarily impacted by vegetation, topography, and environmental factors, such as precipitation and temperature. However, the composition and topographical changes of the macrofungi between the eastern mountainous area and central plains of Jilin Province...
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The Philippines is known for its ecological diversity due to its climatic condition and geographical location. However, despite having a wide range of organisms, the macrofungal species in the country remain poorly documented. Recent mycological research in the tropics states that more species have yet to be discovered in the Philippines. Despite t...
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Aim To uncover the biogeography of non‐native macrofungal diversity worldwide, by analysing patterns and drivers of (1) regional variation in species richness, (2) compositional similarity between regional species assemblages and (3) the spatiotemporal trends of first records. Location Global. Methods We used a database providing 1608 distributio...
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This work describes the development of a novel method for quantitative mapping of Hg and Se in mushroom fruit body tissues with laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Different parameters of the protocol for preparation of the standards used for quantification via external calibration were assessed, e.g....
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The phenology of fungal fruiting has changed in the UK over the last 70 years, but whether the associated mycophagous insects are able to exploit ‘out of season’ fruit bodies is unknown. This study focused on whether fungal baits can be used as a proxy to examine changes in fungal fruiting on insect communities. Using Agaricus bisporus as a bait, m...
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The paper continues a series of publications devoted to the new finds of macrofungi (ascomycetes, basidiomycetes) in regions of the Russian Far East. A total of 61 species and intraspecific taxa of macromycetes are reported for the first time from 6 administrative units of the Russian Far East: Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Magadan Oblast,...
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We report the first robust estimate of macrofungal assemblages in European mixed coniferous forest to better understand species diversity under two management strategies (managed vs. not managed) and to rate the recovery of forest reserves, transformed from formerly managed stands, to their natural state. Following extensive repeated sampling in th...
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In Algeria, forest ecosystems bring together a diversity of fungal species and little data is currently available on forest macrofungi. This preliminary study focuses on the distribution and ecology of macrofungi in two sites in Northwester of Algeria. The mycological surveys carried out for the first time during two successive years made it possib...
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The pine forest of Kragilan village, Magelang, is a forested area on the west slopes of Mount Merbabu with a humid environmental condition. The conditions make this region suitable for the growth of a macrofungal community. The macrofungal inventory in Merbabu Mountain is very limited and this is inversely proportional to the increasing deforestati...
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The incomplete information on most reported macrofungi is one of the remaining challenges of taxonomic work in Indonesia. Cookeina tricholoma (Ascomycetes, Pezizales, Sarcoscyphaceae), otherwise known as cup fungi, is no exception. In this study, we report C. tricholoma from West Java, Indonesia. Fresh materials were evaluated using morphological a...
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The Philippines is known for its ecological diversity due to its climatic condition and geographical location. However, despite having a wide range of organisms, the macrofungal species in the country remain poorly documented. Recent mycological research in the tropics states that more species have yet to be discovered in the Philippines. Despite t...
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Some of the most peculiar and charming fruiting bodies of gasteroid fungi are found in the deciduous or semi-deciduous Sal forest of Jharkhand state of India. The gasteroid fungi such as Astraeus (Diplocystidiaceae) and Geastrum (Geastraceae) typically develop just below the soil surface and at maturity the fruiting bodies split into star-like stru...
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Mushrooms have long been considered as delicacies as well as used as important dietary supplements and food. However, there are major concerns with poisonous mushrooms as these pose threats to public health and safety. In this paper, we provide a review focusing on poisonous mushrooms, their toxins, symptoms and utilizations. In addition, this pape...
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Mushroom is nutritious, medicinal and provides food, employment and foreign exchange. Potentials inherent in macrofungi cultivation has not been fully harnessed in Nigeria. Cultivation makes use of cheap and availabe agro wastes.Substrates such assaw dust (SD) and Sugarcane bagasse (SB) were sorted, sterilized and inoculated separately with spawns...
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Significant socio-economic, spiritual, nutritional and medicinal needs of the countrysides in Central Africa region are obtainable from macrofungi. Conversely, anthropogenic activities and climate change have led to a reduction in the habitats of mushrooms which has led to some mushrooms becoming endangered. A dearth of information on the ecology,...
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The present study deals with the analysis of mineral content of four wild edible macrofungi viz. Auricularia auricula-judae (Bull.) J. Schröt, Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) P. Kumm., P. tuber regium (Rumph. ex Fr.) and Schizophyllum commune Fries used as food by four tribes of Assam viz. Bodo, Karbi, Mising, Rabha and Garo. The range of 20 dif...
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Long-term responses in the phenology of Mediterranean macrofungi to climatic changes are poorly documented. Here, we address this issue by comparing the fruiting patterns of 159 fungal species in Southern France between the first half of the 19th century and the first decade of the 21st century. We used a trait-based approach to assess the influenc...
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Background and Aims: Xerocomellus is a genus of the Boletaceae family, characterized by the small to medium, boletoid to gastroid basidiomata, usually with areolate pileus, and smooth to ornamented basidiospores. So far only two species are known from Mexico. The aim of this study is to describe a new species of Xerocomellus, based on morphological...
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As the widest cultivated edible mushroom worldwide, Lentinula edodes suffers serious yield and quality losses from heat stress during growth and development, and in our previous study, exogenous 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was found to improve the thermotolerance of L. edodes strain YS3357, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. He...
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Funga del Parque Nacional Ybycuí: listado preliminar de especies de macrohongos y nuevas citas para Paraguay. El auge del estudio de macrohongos en el Paraguay en los últi-mos años ha marcado un antes y un después en la historia micológica del país. La necesidad de información científica de base en micología, incentiva el estudio y relevamiento de...
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Evidence that exposure to environmental pollutants can alter the gut microbiota composition of wildlife includes studies of rodents exposed to radionuclides. Antwis et al. (2021) used amplicon sequencing to characterise the gut microbiota of four species of rodent (Myodes glareolus, Apodemus agrarius, A. flavicollis and A. sylvaticus) inhabiting th...
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Kedung Pacul, Gondangsari Village is one of the villages in Klaten Regency whose regional vegetation consists of trees, and shrubs. The shaded vegetation conditions are very suitable for overgrown mushroom. However, there is currently no record of macrofungal exploration in the village and its potential utilization. This study aims to explore mushr...
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The varied topography, soil, and climate of West Bengal, India, make conducive conditions for nurturing the magnificent diversity of macrofungi and their habitats. During an exploration of macro-fungal diversity in Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal, India in 2021, basidiocarps of Calostoma (Calostomataceae) were collected and photographed, al...
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During the routine survey for exploring the hidden macrofungal wealth of tropical Sal (Shorea robusta Roth) forests in West Bengal and Jharkhand (India), we found a specimen similar to Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceous (Snell & E.A.Dick) Snell & E.A.Dick. After careful morphological observations and phylogenetic analysis, the species was found to be cons...
Chapter
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Some of the most peculiar and charming fruiting bodies of gasteroid fungi are found in the deciduous or semi-deciduous Sal forest of Jharkhand state of India. The gasteroid fungi such as Astraeus (Diplocystidiaceae) and Geastrum (Geastraceae) typically develop just below the soil surface and at maturity the fruiting bodies split into star-like stru...
Article
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The Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) is a global biodiversity hotspot and habitat for many ecologically and economically important mushrooms species. The diversity of mushrooms in the GMS has been studied and published in different journals, and many have been documented from different countries in the GMS region but data remain mostly fragmented. A...
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Fungi are a diverse eukaryotic group that is distributed throughout the world. Many mycologists have identifi ed Thailand as a hot spot for the discovery of novel macrofungal taxa. Currently, a combination of morphological and molecular data is required for correct macrofungal identifi cation. Traditionally, Thai macrofungi have been studied and de...
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At least 41 species of macrofungi (Basiomycetes, Ascomycetes) are reported growing on or near Marram grass (Ammophila arenaria) in the dune area Meijendel (near Den Haag and Wassenaar in the Netherlands). In Holland's Duinen (ISS: 1384-7373)
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The gasteroid genus Scleroderma (Bolateles) (Basidiomycota) has a wide geographic distribution with ectomycorrhizal, edible, medicinal and extremophilic traits. Scleroderma spp. in the Indian subcontinent were found in 11 states in the Himalayas (eastern and western), northwest, northeast, central region, Western Ghats and the Deccan plateau in ass...
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Second ProofHeading (revised on May 26th, 2022). In Europe, amatoxin-containing mushrooms are responsible for most of the deadly poisonings caused by macrofungi. The present work presents a multidisciplinary revision of the European species of Amanita sect. Phalloideae based on morphology, phylogeny, epidemiology, and biochemistry of amatoxins and...
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Approximately 30 years after the publication of the first Sicilian checklist of macrofungi, a new updated version is presented here. The census of macromycetes was carried out through periodic observations in different agricultural and forest ecosystems, in urban areas, in public and private gardens, and in botanical gardens. The 1919 infraspecific...
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This investigation presents a novel finding showing the effect of culture filtrates (CFs) of macrofungi, Ganoderma lucidum, against Meloidogyne incognita evaluated in vitro and in planta. To determine the nematicidal activity, juveniles of M. incognita were exposed to Ganoderma CFs of three different ages (Two, four and eight weeks old) of pileus a...
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Ganodermataceae is one of the main families of macrofungi since species in the family are both ecologically and economically important. The double-walled basidiospores with ornamented endospore walls are the characteristic features of Ganodermataceae . It is a large and complex family; although many studies have focused on Ganodermataceae , the glo...
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A literature-based checklist of macrofungi occurring in North East India is provided. It consists of 733 species of macrofungi distributed over 267 genera under 21 orders and 94 families. The relevant information provided herein is based on 86 papers and six doctoral theses. The geographical distribution of the reports covers eight states of North...
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ÖZET Bu çalışma kapsamında 2014-2106 yılları arasında Hakkâri yöresinde yetişen çürükçül makromantarlar üzerinde rutin arazi çalışmaları gerçekleştirilmiştir. Daha sonra laboratuvara taşınan örneklerin mikroskobik incelemeleri de yapılarak türler teşhis edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak Hakkâri ilinde yetişen toplam 30 çürükçül makromantar türü ve bu türler...
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Two new wood-inhabiting fungi Hermanssonia fimbriata sp. nov. and Phlebia austroasiana sp. nov. in the Meruliaceae family are described and illustrated from southwestern China based on molecular and morphological evidence. The characteristics of H. fimbriata include annual, resupinate basidiomata, the absence of cystidia and cystidioles, oblong ell...
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Colombia is a megadiverse country with many macrofungi species. Despite their ecological, anthropological, and economic importance, the distribution of many macrofungal species is still scarcely known in this country. Chlorophyllum molybdites (G. Mey.) Massee is a poisonous macrofungus common in urban settings of tropical and subtropical regions. I...
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Macrofungi form fruiting bodies that can be detected with the naked eye in the field and handled by hand. They mostly consist of basidiomycetes, but also include some ascomycetes. Mycology in Pakistan is still in its infancy, but there have been many historical reports and checklists of macrofungi occurrence from its 15 ecoregions, which range from...
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In 2019–2020 (for 13 months), 21 macrofungi species, both native (14) and inadvertently introduced from warmer regions (7), were found in greenhouses at the Warsaw University Botanic Garden. These included 13 species recorded for the first time in Polish greenhouses. Descriptions and photographs are given for 5 species identified, which are new to...
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Mushrooms are generous source of nutritional, medicinal compounds, and industrial uses of the mushrooms still need to be worked out for their important applications. Mushrooms have signifi cant enzymatic machinery allowing their application in different industries. Capabilities of different members of mushrooms have encouraged researchers to invest...
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The biodiversity of mycorrhizal and wood-inhabiting macrofungi (basidiomycetes) is declining, and many species are threatened in forests. Based on data from a 30-year fruiting body survey from 1988 to 2017 in the region of the city of Jena (100,000 inhabitants, 4500 ha forest), Germany, we evaluated the role of the urban environment with a variatio...
Article
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Mushrooms are generous source of nutritional, medicinal compounds, and industrial uses of the mushrooms still need to be worked out for their important applications. Mushrooms have signifi cant enzymatic machinery allowing their application in different industries. Capabilities of different members of mushrooms have encouraged researchers to invest...
Article
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This is the first survey of macrofungi carried out at the Poços de Caldas Plateau, Minas Gerais, Brazil, an area of high biological importance according to the Ministry of Environment. The survey of polypores was performed monthly, from June/2018 to May/2019 in ten transects (200 m² each) distributed in fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a...
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Mushrooms have been appreciated since ancient times as an extraordinary source of food and curative agents. Even today, they are considered as an integral part of primary healthcare by many indigenous communities inhabiting particularly in India, one of the mega-diverse countries of the world. Consequently, the bio-resources have attracted signific...
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Split gill mushroom (Schizophyllum commune) is one of the most widespread fungal species with various uses among communities, especially in the countryside. With its favorable characteristics, this macrofungi shows potential to be utilized in the field of natural products. The study aims to ascertain the antimicrobial effects and determine the acti...
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Macrofungal communities were investigated in seven plant associations of xerothermic grasslands in the Nida Basin located in the Małopolska Upland of southern Poland. Designation of associations at selected study sites was based on phytosociological relevés using the Braun-Blanquet method. During the years 2010–2013, we studied the diversity and di...
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Fungal taxonomy research, and specifically the study of macro and micro morphological characteristics, requires precise temperature control. This is because variation in temperature can affect macrofungal microstructures. Understanding the appropriate temperature range for drying macrofungal fruitbodies is crucial to ensure consistent reports betwe...
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Despite the ecological importance of fungi, we still know little about their diversity in Canada. One of the largest hurdles to implementing fungal conservation initiatives is the lack of fungal distribution data. As anthropogenic impacts accelerate the speed of environmental change, it is imperative that we fill this major information gap, critica...
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Antecedentes y Objetivos: El género Cortinarius está constituido por hongos ectomicorrícicos caracterizados por un velo parcial a modo de “cortina” aracnoide, esporada, color marrón óxido a marrón anaranjado ocráceo y basidiosporas rugosas, arrugadas o verrugosas y sin poro apical. Cortinarius hesleri se ubica en el subgénero Telamonia; se reconoce...
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During the period from 2018 to 2020, a survey of macrofungi in northern Thailand was conducted and seven specimens of Volvariella were collected. The morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analyses of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and large subunit (nrLSU) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data indicated that three speci...
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The methodology used for the determination of macrofungal diversity in Mediterranean areas differs in the time of sampling and the number of years displayed, making it difficult to compare results. Furthermore, the results could be refuted because the studies are being conducted over an insufficient number of years or without considering the variat...
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With mushroom poisoning emerging as one of the most serious food safety problems worldwide, a rapid identification method of poisonous mushrooms is urgently required to investigate the source of poisoning. Gyromitra infula , a kind of poisonous mushroom, contains gyromitrin toxin, which causes epileptogenic neurotoxicity and hemolytic disease. This...
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The species richness and composition of macro- and microfungi on vine species in the parks of Ekaterinburg City (the Ural macroregion, Russia) located in the southern boreal vegetation subzone in a continental climate was studied. The average annual air temperature has increased by 3.1 °C since the beginning of the 20th century; therefore, the cond...