Science topic

Loneliness - Science topic

The state of feeling sad or dejected as a result of lack of companionship or being separated from others.
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I have conducted a moderation analysis with two independent moderators. (Using Hayes Process model 2). I have attached the output for your reference.
I am looking for the impact that financial wellbeing and gender has the relationship between marital status and loneliness.
My variables are:
Y: Loneliness (continuous variable - low values indicating low loneliness)
X: Marital status (single or married- dummy coded to have single as the reference category)
W (mod1): Financial wellbeing (continuous- low values indicating low financial wellbeing)
Z (mod2): Gender (male or female- dummy coded to have male as the reference category)
As you will see, all the p-values show significance
I have to questions:
1. Is this selection of variables appropriate for the moderation analysis I am undertaking?
2. Can someone please help me interpret this output? When interpreting the conditional effect I am seeing all the values under 'effect' are negative but I am not sure how to interpret this in relation to the predictor (being single coded as 0).
Any guidance would be greatly appreciated!
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A moderator analysis is used to determine whether the relationship between two variables depends on (is moderated by) the value of a third variable. This relationship is commonly between:
1. A continuous dependent variable and continuous independent variable, which is modified by a dichotomous moderator variable;
2. A continuous dependent variable and continuous independent variable, which is modified by a polychromous moderator variable; or
3. A continuous dependent variable and continuous independent variable, which is modified by a continuous moderator variable. In this guide,
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Humans are created as social beings. Some life conditions can result in social isolation and loneliness. What are the adverse effects of long-term loneliness on human health? Sharing is caring. Thanks!!!
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Also, kindly check:
Loneliness and Social Isolation Linked to Serious Health Conditions:
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I have to find the correlation and causality between participants’ smartphone uses pattern and loneliness. For that, i have the dependent variable loneliness (both baseline (0 to 80) and daily: in an 0 to 10 numeric scale), and independent variables listed from daily smartphone uses screen time, spend time in several categorized apps like social media, entertainment, communication, physical activity, sleep, and some social variables and moods like how much the person felt bored, anxious, satisfied, productive, etc. I will collect these independent variables for 10 days, and the psychosocial variables will be collected three times a day. I also have to use a couple of prediction algorithms for predicting loneliness with the above-mentioned independent variables. But first, I have to find the correlation and causality between the dependent and independent variables. I just have programming experience until now with python, no statistics knowledge. I have about 9 months remaining to complete my thesis. Please share your valuable guideline and resources on how can I proceed with this challenge where I can get the most meaningful results.
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Abiodun Christian Ibiloye Thank you so much sir for your enormous suggestions.
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David Morse you helped me previously, please can I check with you my question is : the impact of working from home on loneliness, creativity and resilience. I know I will be using multivariate regression but what am I putting in G Power to work out the sample size. I am assuming possible control variables of 1)ethnicity, 2)education level, 3) type of work and my IV is working from home. My 3 DVs are loneliness, creativity and resilience. What is the best way to work out the sample size please?
Is a-priori analysis with an effect of f2 of 0.08 reasonable, and alpha of 0.05 and power of 0,95 ? which test is best? and how do I do this please? I think you mentioned a generic F Test or Manova
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Neeta Jain , oh, in that case it should be something like:
power rsquared 0.1 0.2, n(142) ntested(1) ncontrol(3)
As you have 3 control and one IV, right? And for example let's say that the for the first DV you have:
. power rsquared 0.1 0.2, n(106) ntested(1) ncontrol(3)
Estimated power for multiple linear regression
F test for R2 testing subset of coefficients
H0: R2_F = R2_R versus Ha: R2_F != R2_R
Study parameters:
alpha = 0.0500
N = 106
delta = 0.1250
R2_R = 0.1000
R2_F = 0.2000
R2_diff = 0.1000
ncontrol = 3
ntested = 1
Estimated power:
power = 0.9500
But for the second (and third, let's say), you have instead:
. power rsquared 0.1 0.15, n(223) ntested(1) ncontrol(3)
Estimated power for multiple linear regression
F test for R2 testing subset of coefficients
H0: R2_F = R2_R versus Ha: R2_F != R2_R
Study parameters:
alpha = 0.0500
N = 223
delta = 0.0588
R2_R = 0.1000
R2_F = 0.1500
R2_diff = 0.0500
ncontrol = 3
ntested = 1
Estimated power:
power = 0.9501
So while a sample of n = 106 is enough to achieve a power of 95% for the first dependent variable, for the second and third you need a sample of n = 223. Hence, your sample should be n = 223, in order to properly detect effects in all DVs. In short, what I would is calculating the power for each DV and then take the largest sample needed to properly detect effects in all DVs
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I'm very new to this and have 1 Independent Variable ( Working from home) and its effect on 3 dependent variables ( loneliness, creativity and resilience) . Can someone please confirm I will use multivariate regression? Can I run this in Jamovi ? And I need to work out the sample size using G Power?
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@Neeta @David has given you excellent advice. If you find it difficult to run path analysis model in JAMOVI (taking one IV and three DVs) as it works with Lavaan for SEM and therefore is command based. You can also use Smart-PLS to test your model. It works well on categorical/binary data well as it seems your IV (work from home) might be a categorical variable. Wishing you best.
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My research question is predicting whether personality traits (the Big 5) will predict loneliness.
I have a score from each participant about how they score overall in each personality trait.
Do I do a linear regression between each personality trait affecting loneliness separately? for example:
- regression analysis between extraversion (IV) and loneliness (DV)
- regression analysis between openness (IV) and loneliness (DV)
etc and do this for all 5 traits
OR do a multiple regression with all the IV's at the same time? for example:
- regression analysis between extraversion, openness, consciousness, agreeableness and neuroticism (IV's) and loneliness (DV)
thank you
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If you have the sums of openness and extra version then do them in the same
analysis.
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In my thesis, I conducted a mediation analysis. My Iv is categorical (marital status with five subgroups), DV is depression, and mediator variable is loneliness. I used PROCESS, but now I don't know how I report it in APA style. Because there are four different X in my result. So how can I report the results?
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Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach
Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. Guilford publications.
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It is noted that Men show significant lower anxiety, depression, and acute stress levels than women and women present greater severity in symptoms of anxiety, depression, and acute stress. Moreover, loneliness and violence specifically worsen the emotional state in women.kindly put your thoughts in this topic.
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Dear Dr. Shameemul Haque , Thank you for this interesting question.
I also think that there will be differences between gender in responding to any situations. The differences will be well pronounced in situations like Covid-19 pandemic. This is my opinion and this is not based on any research/data.
Let me wait to hear from others in this discussion forum.
Regards
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Hi, I am doing a research on 'Exploration of befriending services in tackling Loneliness and Social Isolation in Young Adults.' My original plan was to interview the participants myself and do a semi structured interview with IPA. However I had trouble finding participants who wants to be interviewed by me. One of the organisation's manager offered to interview the participants for me if |I can provide her research questions and participants have agreed to be interviewed by her. Now my question is I can send her interview questions which are open ended but structured. I have added enough probes where clarification is needed. Can I still do IPA on that data or can I use another method of data analysis?
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By IPA I assume that you mean "Interpretative phenomenological analysis".
below is my own view, but I am aware that others might not agree with me, as there are strong feeling regarding the legitimacy of research that is more structured, or employs procedures that parallel those of quantitative research.
To me, the essence of an IPA approach is that allows participants to respond in a way that utilise their own word view, or "construction of reality", without constraining responses to those reflect some other one, in particular that of the researcher. If the interview was to be conducted by a manager without training in qualitative research, you would need to give very strict instructions that the questions provided by you were very strictly adhered to, so that the managers own assumptions would not influence the direction of the participants' replies. I suggest that the only prompts to be allowed would be for the manager to encourage further elaboration on ideas that were produced by the participant. Also, the session should be recorded, and your analysis should be based on that, rather than notes taken by the manager. If possible, it would be best if the session could be videotaped, so that affective responses can be recorded via facial expression or body language.
Regarding possible alternative research approaches, it is difficult to give specific suggestions, without understanding the exact nature of your research. When you state that it is the "Exploration of befriending services", would your participants have already experienced such services, and the purpose of you research to investigate their evaluations? Or will you be examining their views on what sorts of services would be most effective for themselves? Either way, the would be a choice between a formal content analysis could be applied to responses to a fairly open-ended question. Or a more qualitative "purist" approach could be used that gives more emphasis on surfacing of the participants' cognitive constructs.
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Loneliness comes with a staggering 26% increase in risk of premature mortality, where around a third of people in industrialized countries are affected [1]. Can and should artificial intelligence be used to counteract this negative trend? If so, where do you see its potential? Detection, Prevention, Therapy… ?
[1] Cacioppo JT, Cacioppo S. The growing problem of loneliness. Lancet. 2018 3;391(10119):426
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Hi everyone,
My MA-thesis focuses on the impact of Covid-measures on university students(in the Netherlands) with regards to experiences of loneliness, resilience and self-determination. I collected data for my mixed methods approach (convergent model) with an online survey (open and closed questions) and am currently in the proces of analyzing the 228 responses. Even though I have a theoretical framework that guides my research questions, my goal is also to let the data speak for itself since I do not know how the students truly feel (and what to find out).
(-sub question: can you make a conceptual model with a preexistent theoretical framework & grounded theory?)
I have checked the reliability of my scales (loneliness, resilience and motivation) and prepared these scales in SPSS. Now I just don't know what test to use (and how) in order to see correlations and possible causality between te experiences of motivation, loneliness and motivation in students.
Does anyone have some advice? Thank you!
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If your survey was cross-sectional, you will not be able to look into causality. However, you could have use multiple regressions to check what predicts motivation levels in students.
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Hi, I’m writing a research project about the relationship between high social media usage and feelings of loneliness and depression.
The sample is formed of 200 university students aged 18-24.
The experimental group will be required to limit their social media usage to 30 minutes per day and complete weekly surveys (using likert scale) on general wellbeing (questions about loneliness, depression, self esteem, FOMO, social support etc)- for a period of 6 months.
The control group will be instructed to continue using their social media platforms as usual and complete the same weekly surveys.
I am very confused at what test I should use for data analysis. I was thinking correlation coefficient for both groups separately and then t-test to compare the two groups? But I doubt this is the best option
thanks in advance
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It always depends on your research question. What is that you're looking to analyse? If it's the differences between the groups' levels of loneliness after 6 months, then a t-test is ok (assuming your sample size isn't very small).
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Are there ways to quantify / measure / monitor the degree of loneliness of team members in a Covid-19 lockdown teleworking situation? Team dynamics over a longer period of teleworking and expression of team members reveals that loneliness starts to spread among them. This to me seam to start a downwards trend in the sense that lonely colleagues interact less and less interaction creates more loneliness feelings for themselves and other team members. The effect seams amplified if team members can’t detach from teleworking physically and mentally. I see that at a certain point they even can’t see how to relax what as well worsen the loneliness feeling. Are there methods and ways to monitor such team developments to be able to intervene?
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Now days the feeling bored and alone is very cruel and damage your life ,. Iloneliness is boring. Your keen observation reveal that when some people when among lot of friends also, will be discussing about the boring even when they are all together!. It clearly reveals that it's not the loneliness is boring. If you have thought that it is boring, everything is boring. Sometimes because you don't like a thing it becomes boring. If you think that it is very interesting and you also like it to be so, love it,then it's not boring including the loneliness.
The acceptance! We should be able to accept what we are and what we have and to meet any situation or difficulty without loosing our balance,will never be boring! Here I am reminded of some lines by the American poet,Walt Whitman. They emphasise the point that unlike animals we often overreact and do not know the technique of avoiding unnecessary emotions and anxieties. The lines of the poet are,I think I could turn and live with animals, they are so placid and self-contained, they do not sweat and whine about their condition.
Instead of feeling bored, one can accept the situation and use it for retrospection and modifications to become a great character.
The case of boring and feel that you are sad and your life is without target ,so how can you overcome this bad feelings?
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Engage in a personal interest.
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Hello everyone!
I need mental healthcare professionals!
I'm conducting research for my master's dissertation.
I am interested in knowing if there is a relationship between loneliness and dissociation. Can loneliness trigger a vulnerable individual into dissociating to be able to cope with this feeling?
If you're willing to be interviewed, please contact me at mirit.agaiby@online.liverpool.ac.uk for more information
Thanks!
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I think we often see this in Borderline Personality Disorder and PTSD.
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Hello! I'm currently doing my Thesis on interpretation biases, loneliness and pain. I want to look at the contribution of interpretation biases to loneliness and then the contribution of interpretation biases to pain separately.
The ''interpretation bias'' scale consists of 4 subscales, namely, a) negative interpretations of social evaluation, b) benign interpretations of social evaluation, c) negative interpretations of bodily harm, d) benign interpretations of bodily harm.
My hypotheses are : 1. Threatening interpretation biases (particularly those indicating bodily harm) predict pain
2. Threatening interpretation biases (particularly those indicating social threat) predict loneliness
I also want to control for Anxiety and Depression since they have been found to be associated with both pain and loneliness as well as interpretation bias.
My supervisor advised me to do a standard multiple regression including all of the interpretation bias subscales as predictors and pain as a criterion. She told me that although we expect to see the 'negative interpretations of bodily harm' item to be significantly associated with pain we will include all of the other items of the scale in the regression because research has shown that for example weaker endorsement of benign inerpretations of bodily harm na be also associated with pain. However, I'm not sure. Can I include all of the items in the regression model and see the individual effect of each of the interpretation bias items on pain or is that wrong?
Then I was told that I need to do a second standard multiple regression including my covariates (anxiety and depression) in order to control for them and see if there is any difference.
Exactly the same process I am expected to repeat for my other dependent variable ''loneliness'' but in that case I expect that negative interpretations of social threat to be significantly associated with loneliness.
Do you think I need to continue with standadrd multiple regression or to use another kind of regression such as hierarchical multiple regression? I don't know if the right method to control for the covariates is just to do another standard multiple regression and included these along with the interpretation bias subscales.
While I'm reading different research papers I see that many authors use hierarchical regression but I'm still not sure which is the right method because I'm thinking that I don't want to find the best model as hierarchical regression does. But still I'm not sure if I need to keep it simple and continue with the standard one?
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Cristian Ramos-Vera appreciate your suggestions. I was thinking of two ways to build the hierarchical multiple regression. The first one is that I could control for depression and anxiety in the 1st step and then in the 2nd step to include all of the 4 subscales of interpretation biases (negative bodily threat, positive bodily threat, negative social threat, positive social threat) and to repeat the same process for loneliness which is my other dependent variable.
The other way I was thinking about is that since I'm expecting that negative interpretations of bodily threat will predominantly contribute to pain I don't know if it's more appropriate to build a 3-step hierarchical model and enter in the 1st step my covariates (depression, anxiety) in the 2nd step all the other interpretation bias subscales (negative social threat, positive social threat, positive bodily threat) and then in the 3rd step the negative interpretations of bodily threat.
Then I could repeat the same process for loneliness given than I'm expecting that in that case negative interpretations of social threat will mostly contribute to loneliness. So, I was thinking of including my covariates (depression, anxiety) in the 1st step, all the other three items of interpretation bias (negative bodily threat, positive bodily threat, positive social threat) in the 2nd step and then in the 3rd step negative interpretations of social threat.
If I'm gonna compute hierarchical regression which option do you think is better? A 2-step or 3-step regression model for loneliness and pain?
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In the wave of corona,and amidst lock down, and social distancing, one section of our society who are at greater risk are the older people, people above the age of sixty five. Lower immunity levels and co- morbidities put the geriatric population at greater risk. Is this sect of population are also having greater risk of psychological issues like loneliness and , fear of death leading towards depression?
Inviting discussions and responses..
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Social distancing is affecting mental health in elders as well as youngers.
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According to WHO reports In public mental health terms, the main psychological impact to date is elevated rates of stress or anxiety. But as new measures and impacts are introduced – especially quarantine and its effects on many people’s usual activities, routines or livelihoods – levels of loneliness, depression, harmful alcohol and drug use, and self-harm or suicidal behaviour are also expected to rise. ( http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-technical-guidance-OLD/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-outbreak-technical-guidance-europe-OLD/mental )
Many of people suffering a lot due to be victims and witnesses who were not physically harmed receive psychological help and are checked for signs of needing further post-traumatic treatment or for losing hopes/ economic problems; .......the statistics now be announced that : With some 2.6 billion people around the world in some kind of lockdown, we are conducting arguably the largest psychological experiment ever; .....
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It is so interesting question
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I do communication studies and during a course my teacher explained that " society has never been so connected, and that there has never been so much communication between people as there is today, but surprisingly the feeling of loneliness is higher than ever before and suicide too". I often hear about th society progress but it is very paradoxical.
What can explain this phenomenon ?
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Communication per se does not help the experienced despair and feelings of lack of meaning in a person's life. I attach our papers:
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This question is the title of a video on Youtube that intrigued me, especially because of these accompanying remarks:
«It sounds like a hugely arrogant and self-serving suggestion to imply that cleverness might lead you to loneliness. But if you define cleverness in a selective (and modest) way, there may truly be an aspect whereby it can lead to a certain isolation. [...]
«It sounds like a very mean and undemocratic thought, trading off the peculiar glamour that isolation has in a Romantic culture – in order to gain an oblique sense of superiority and perhaps pass off an absence of social skills as a virtue. It is important, therefore, to be clear what is meant here by intelligence. It has nothing to do with degrees or any of the criteria by which we ordinarily measure cleverness. What is meant is emotional intelligence, which exists (or not) in every strata and nook of society…»
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Intelligent people are not acceptable to society so they feel frustrated and become lonely
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Entire world specially developing countries like India is facing many socio behavioral problems which cause Loneliness, separation from mainstream stress-free life, family disintegration ,depression, hurrysickness, fast speedy life, addiction of social media, drugs, nicotine, alcohol,...... Are some are pushing the humanity towards mass depression, suicidal moves, wild run for material satisfaction, destruction of all good and sacred values. We all need to worry and find universal health care reform and means to solve these things, before the world goes on self destructive war of values and deadly thought pollution.
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Hello basil sir.. Thanks. Why the neurotransmitters get imbalanced and what are the factors make this happen? Ultimately what type of problems appear in human health indicators kindly explain?
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I write articles and book on theories of consciousness in relation to human consciousness (ben mijuskovic google scholar)
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I write books and articles on theories of consciousness in relation to human loneliness. I use both an interdisciplinary approach and a "history of ideas" format.
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Hello,
What is the best way to easily test for missing data patterns in repeated measures designs using R or SPSS?
Example study:
Design: survey data collected at baseline, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months
IV: control vs. experimental
DVs: quality of life, loneliness, and depression
Missing data would likely be related to depression (participant is depressed and doesn't complete survey because of this). But this pattern might not be apparent in the data, so how would you find this out?
Thanks!
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Great thanks!
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What are other researchers experiences of using social isolation questionnaires? Do you have a preference? If so why?
I am a PhD student currently exploring questionnaires that I could potentially use to identify older adults (50+ in this project) levels of social isolation, as part of a larger project. I have come across several questionnaires (e.g. Duke Social Support Index, Lubben Social Network Scale, Social disconnectedness questionnaire, Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey, Multidimensional scale of perceived social support, Social network index, De Jong Gierveld Loneliness scale) and I am currently weighing up the pros and cons of each to make a decision on which to use in this project.
I have found that some cross over with loneliness, but I would like to have separate 'scores' for social isolation and loneliness, which potentially means separate questionnaires. I have found loneliness questionnaires relatively easy to narrow down, but social isolation I've found much harder.
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Stephen Cheung Thanks for these. I have come across them before and am using them to help make my decisions. Good to know I'm thinking along to right lines!
I suppose I am looking for researchers to share their experiences of using different scales/questionnaires.
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Dear researchers,
Can I find The Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults (SELSA-S) (DiTommaso, 1997) in Arabic?
I am going to use this scale and I want to translate it if anyone has an Arabic version of this scale Please send it to me.
Thanks
Noor
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You can send permission message De jong Grievield (
Gierveld@nidi.nl). She is very fast about your message.
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I have been asked to help a group of high-schools construct a survey related to screen use, loneliness, stress, etc. their students.
What is the least problematic way of asking about screen use in a survey format? Both in terms of questions and answer scale.
Since a number of studies find that self-reported screen use has limited validity, this will never be a perfect approach, but I'd like it to be as valid as possible given the constraints.
The data are both intended for research purposes (hypotheses to be discussed) and to give the students a dataset to work with in Math and Civics, so nuance is very welcome.
(I will discuss covariates with the schools later, but ideally I intend to challenge "screentime" as a unitary concept, and hopefully add a uses and gratifications dimension to the data, including non-screen related factors that might affect, especially social, wellbeing).
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You could possibly ask - how do you feel when you you don't have a phone
- what feelings prompt you to pick up your phone
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I am seeking to approach the concept of loneliness via a critical review and reflection on the concept of aloneness. I find much more research literature on the former and little exploration of the latter. Why is that? Of course, loneliness as a concept needs further exploration, not least how it is understood not only across the life course, but by those from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. What about aloneness?
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Considering aloneness separately is how leisure studies scholars study contemplation and spirituality (as leisure activities). I've written in this area, but Paul Heintzman (Univ. of Ottawa) is the leading thinker here.
Bob Stebbins
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Social isolation is described as a state of complete or near-complete lack of contact between an individual and society.
loneliness reflects a temporary lack of contact with other humans.
Social support is the perception and actuality that one is cared for, has assistance available from other people, and most popularly, that one is part of a supportive social network.
Please, help me to find the best answer to this question.
Conceptually, what is the different between "social isolation", "loneliness" and "lack of social support"?
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Dear Hassan,
You ask the following: Conceptually, what is the different between "social isolation" , "loneliness", and "lack of social support"?
As I see it, social isolation is the case when there exist a state of complete or near-complete lack of contact between an individual and society. Social isolation can represent a situation where one prefers to be alone to achieve a certain demanding goal (e.g.., to write a book). I see it more as a transient state than a permanent trait. In contradistinction, loneliness is more a personality trait than a transient temporary stage. Loneliness can reflect a personality disorder in which someone has difficulties in putting into another's shoes and hence decides to isolate from others.
Conceptually, lack of social suport has more to to with the others than oneself. That is, an individual can need physical or psychological support and yet there is noboby available to care for him/her.
To sum up, social isolation is often a transient and wanted state of lack of contact with society at large because of a personal goal (e.g., to write a philosophical or existencial essay). Loneliness is a permanent and generally non-wanted trait of one's personality that leads him/her to want to live isolated from the majority or others' people. This trait can reflect a manifestation of Asperger's or autism's syndromes. Lack of social support has nothing to do with one's intended goals or personality, but rather with one's lack of others' support, caring, and the like. To a great extent, all of us are in lack of social support on some occasions of our daily lifes.
Best regards,
Orlando
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This is a 20-item self-report inventory measured using a Likert scale (1, 2, 3, 4) with a total score ranging from 20 to 80 and high scores indicating a high level of loneliness.
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Than you all,,,
I greatly appreciate your help,,,,
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Two books: Loneliness in Philosophy, Psychology, and Literature; and Feeling Lonesome: The Philosophy and Psychology of Loneliness
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I work on theories of consciousness in relation to human loneliness. The six studies I have authored include: The Achilles of Rationalist Arguments: The Simplicity, Unity, and Identity of Thought and Soul from the Cambridge Platonists to Kant (1974); Loneliness in Philosophy, Psychology and Literature (1979; revised 2012); Contingent Immaterialism: Meaning, Freedom, Time, and Mind (1984); Feeling Lonesome: The Philosophy and Psychology of Loneliness (2015); and Consciousness and Loneliness (forthcoming December, 2018) and supporting articles.
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Hello everyone
I am planing for a study and wondered if the use of these instruments is copyrighted or not? They are:
- The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory Student Version
- Revised UCLA loneliness scale version 3
- Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
If any of them is copyrighted, please help by suggesting another one.
Thank you all
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For the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Prof Ed Diener's website states like this: "The scale is copyrighted but you are free to use it without permission or charge by all professionals (researchers and practitioners) as long as you give credit to the authors of the scale: Ed Diener, Robert A. Emmons, Randy J. Larsen and Sharon Griffin as noted in the 1985 article in the Journal of Personality Assessment."
http://labs.psychology.illinois.edu/~ediener/SWLS.html (last assessed 13th September 2018)
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Dear researchers,
Hope you are well. I urgently need what are the ranges of UCLA Loneliness Scale and Lubben Social Network Scale?
Please inform me details as soon as possible.
Regards,
Bezon Kumar
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For UCLA scale as well and i can speak for it as its part of my own research Project you can use spss by splitting your data based on quartiles.
Follow this youtube tutorial -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X71m4_OvokU
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Now a days adolescent girls suffer from many problems,like
1. Lack of time from working parents
2. Being a single child with no brother or sister
3. Bullying in school
4. Average merit and tension for career and many more
How can they overcome such problems?
I met a girl, who is severely suffering from headache and doctors told the reason is depression.
What will be the remedy?
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In that age, such a depression signifies a developmental problem and can be overcome by love, compassion and connecting to a competent spiritual mentor or psychotherapeutic expert. Some professional help will be required; it is not a task for amateurs.
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I am currently working on a cross-lagged panel analysis on the association of loneliness and wellbeing over time. When I do simple pearson correlations of the 2 variables at different timepoint they are highly correlated, however when I enter them into the cross-lagged model the synchronous correlations between the two variables reduce over time. I am wondering what the cause of this is.
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Dear Hannah,
I have to correct myself. It is not multicollinearity that increases with repeated measures, but the the independence of the residuals is at risk. The Durbin-Watson-Test will tell you whether that is the case. It should be near 2, give or take 0,5.
Best wishes
Marcel
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I need a reference to indicate that using the UCLA Loneliness Scale is free for research use. Is anybody to help me to get this permission.
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"I need a reference to indicate that using the UCLA Loneliness Scale is free for research use. " - no, you don't.
Just use it. That's what it is therefore. That is why it is published. No paper I have ever encountered said that they sought permission, and neither did I.
Good luck.
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It is not uncommon for the research process to be somewhat if not significantly painful, distressing, heartbreaking, burdensome, grievous, tiresome, laborious, excruciating. And I wonder where is some literature theoretical or empirical on this phenomenon in order to formulate a research problem and also to try to tap on the gap between research and practice.
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Dear Nuno,
Very interesting topic to explore. I found some articles on the topic, Hope these help. James.
References:
Finlay, L. (2002). “Outing” the Researcher: The Provenance, Process, and Practice of Reflexivity. Quality Health Research. 12 (4), 531-545.
Kleinman, S. (1991). Field-workers’ feelings: What we feel, who we are, how we analyze. In W. B. Shaffir, & R. A. Stebbins (Eds.), Experiencing fieldwork: An inside view of qualitative research (pp. 184-195). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Loïc Le Tiran (n.d.). Research, frustration and moving forward.(Online).
Leary et al (2011). The loneliness of the long distance researcher. Library Hi Tech. 29(3), 455-469.
Browne, B. & Moffett, L. (2014). Finding Your Feet in the Field: Critical Reflections of Early Career Researchers on Field Research in Transitional Societies. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 6(2), 223–237. DOI:10.1093/jhuman/huu010
Hovland, I. Fieldwork support: introduction. Anthroplogy Matters. https://anthropologymatters.com/index.php/anth_matters/article/view/11/14
MacKenzie, L. & Ling, L.M. (2009). The research journey: A Lonely Planet approach. Issues in Educational Research, 19(1), 48-60. http://www.iier.org.au/iier19/mackenzie.pdf
Batchelor, D., & Di Napoli, R. (2006). The doctoral journey: Perspectives. Educate, 6(1), 13-24. http://www.educatejournal.org/index.php?journal=educate&page=article&op =viewFile&path%5B%5D=90&path%5B%5D=88
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If I ask them about loneliness with loneliness measurement, they might say "no" because participants sometimes tend to be aware of researcher's intention. Shortly, they pretend not to be lonely during survey.
I would like to find cause and effect (not significance) between loneliness and SNS addiction
Is there any indirect methods?
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Dear. Nathan Latvaitis
I expect your feedback let me extend my thought about the experiment or survey. If I didn't read your comment, I wouldn't think stop using general measurement such as Likert scale. Perhaps, thanks to your comment, I could take one step closer to find what I want to know. Thank you very much :D
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My study focuses on measuring two things in the elderly population:
Perceived social isolation and physical well-being.
For physical well-being I will be using the SF-36 which can be found here https://www.rand.org/health/surveys_tools/mos/36-item-short-form/survey-instrument.html
For perceived social isolation I was thinking of using the UCLA Loneliness Scale which has a different format and can be found here
Both these instruments will be applied before my intervention and 6 months after my intervention. What statistical method can I use to measure my results?
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A perspective: After administering the tools before and after the intervention, you will analyse the data separately. The results for pre- and post- intervention will then be placed side by side for Paired t test.
Example, for SF-36, the results for the 8 domains and the 2 summary components (PCS and MCS) of both periods (pre and post) will be placed side by side, and the difference (lets call it K) will be computed by simply running Post minus Pre column.
A mean of 0 means no change.
IF your sample is random, and your observations are truly dependent (i.e. pre and post done on same individuals), and the differences or K (i.e. Post minus Pre) are normally distributed (usually determined by running simple histogram) or your total sample size is big enough (>=30), then you can test mean of 'score difference' (i.e. whether the score after intervention is different from 0 or not).
In SPSS: Analyse--> Compare Means --> Paired t test --> Post - Pre
The output will report Mean (SD) of Pre value, Mean (SD) of Post value, Mean of score difference (95%CI) and P value.
A significant +ve P value (<0.05) = significant improvement after intervention, as shown by Mean of score difference
Hope this helps.
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Loneliness is becoming an integral part of my work as a conflict resolution and change practitioner.  I'd love to learn:
1. What is your experience?
2.  How do you know you are lonely (behaviours and thoughts)?  Is there a difference for you between lonely, unsupported, isolated, alone?
3.  When do you feel lonely? (staff meetings, breaks, after work, etc.)
4.  Do you find you avoid conflict or deal with conflict more or less when you are experiencing loneliness?
5  What supports loneliness for you?
I am preparing information for my website to explore this more deeply. Should have details up in Sept/Oct, 2017 @ www.renovatingconflict.ca
Many thanks,
Tara
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I agree that loneliness may be positive and negative. As the former, it may provide the space for thinking and dreaming depending on how useful this is for your mental well-being. As the latter, it may be interpreted as a mismatch of your mental maturity with others as you have stated.
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We are trying to measure it amongst mothers, therefore measures for elderly or disabled individuals do not seem appropriate. We believe the concept should be closely related to participation in your community. We highly appreciate your input and possible ways on how you have measured it or know how other's measure it.
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Dear Bernadette and other respondents,
first of all, thank you for your input with regard to measuring perceived integration of individuals living in communities, in our case mothers.
To define the context, we are exploring a middle-sized city in the North of the Netherlands. We realised that mothers living in the community often experience loneliness and have little trust in the future in being employable again. We are exploring the issue from a psychological perspective which means that we are particularly interested in the motivational effects of experiencing little social integration and that means that we are mainly interested whether they perceive that they are socially integrated or not (it is not so much about whether they have the resources or are objectively integrated).
Therefore, our approach differs from yours I believe but to get back to your question about the Cutrona measure. We decided that the following items are most meaningful for our purposes:
Social integration (Cutrona &Russell, 1987)
5. There are people who like the same social activities I do.
8. I am with a group of people who think the same way I do about things.
14. There is no one who has the same interests and concerns as me. R
22. There is no one who likes to do the things I do. R
Reassurance of Worth (Cutrona &Russell, 1987)
6. Other people do not think I am good at what I do. R
9. I do not think that other people respect what I do. R
13. There are people who value my skills and abilities.
20. There are people who admire my talents and abilities.
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The telephone survey company contracted to do the survey has suggested: 
"adding an option for “never” to the scale to remove the assumption that all respondents ever feel lacking in companionship, left out, or isolated.  For example, there may be some seniors who feel a lack of alone time - while these adjustments doesn’t create a measure for this (likely small) group, it would allow for a response option that is inclusive of their experiences."
I do not think it is a good idea to change this validated scale.  Any thoughts?
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I agree. We have a sample of 195 people from our partners. It has a Cronbach's alpha of .88.  The survey company is contracted to do a sample of 700. I was shocked when they suggested changes.
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I am doing my dissertation on how loneliness and isolation among BME LGBTs contributes to their inability to access social care.
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You might want to look up the work of Tonya Callaghan at the University of Calgary. 
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 I am  thinking of doing above title for a research project for an Undergraduate Degree ,any advise with regards to  literature reading would be welcome, and thoughts on the topic.
 Thank You  
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Many thanks to you all for your inputs and interest, i do believe it is an area that needs to be continually looked at  ,university life is  a huge transition in a persons life ,i feel early intervention on this topic is so important . Its a beautiful day so enjoy.
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Thank you so much!
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I think  you should use the revised UCLA loneliness scale - revised version - 20 item
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There is a relationship between the increase in the number of hours of Internet use and the increased perception of loneliness?
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Good mornig
Thank you for your help.
Lídia
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Seeking the Lubbens Social Network Scale, Katz Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, The DeJong Loneliness Scale, the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, and the General Health Questionnaire-12. Any suggestions on how to obtain these scales in Chinese would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you.
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Dear Sander I could find this for you, may be it helps:
Validation of the Chinese translation of the 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale in elderly Chinese
Assessing Chinese Adults' Intellectual Abilities
Diagnostic Performance of Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire for Screening Dementia Among Patients Attending Cognitive Assessment Clinics in Singapore
The prevalence of functional disability in activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living among elderly Beijing Chinese
Aamir
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I´m starting on a paper addressing happiness vs. loneliness relation within a city region? Does anyone know good references for this from the empirical happiness study? Or even better would be ones operating in an urban environment
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hi Mikko,
You have received a lot of valid answers to your question. Still, I´d like to mention an interesting author, a pioneer in research on loneliness and social support.  Only last Tuesday, Jenny de Jong Gierveld gave a lecture at the Leyden Academy on Ageing and Vitality, on crosscultural perspectives regarding loneliness. and social relations  Prof. Gierveld has developed a loneliness scale in her sociological work, which today is used in many countries (1), and she is involved in several large scale longitudinal studies on social networks, such as the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study and the Generations and Gender Surveys. She is an expert on demographic and social aspects of ageing, with particular reference to:
- well-being at later age and its relationship with social relations,
- the role of exchange of social support and its relationships with living conditions (rural or urban) and family arrangements (2), (3).
Some of her publications :
(1) Gierveld, Jenny De Jong, and Theo Van Tilburg. "A 6-item scale for overall, emotional, and social loneliness confirmatory tests on survey data." Research on Aging 28.5 (2006): 582-598.
(2) Scharf, Thomas, and Jenny de Jong Gierveld. "Loneliness in urban neighbourhoods: an Anglo-Dutch comparison." European Journal of Ageing 5.2 (2008): 103-115. 
(3) Gierveld, Jenny De Jong, and Marjolein van Broese Groenou. "Quality of Marriage and Social Loneliness in Later Life." Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2014): 5309-5312.
I hope this may help you, and I wish you the best..
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Can anyone can help me find the cutting point for the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (the 11 item scale) and its reference?
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I also like this measure but I agree with Pamela on this one about the purity of measures
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I am trying to work on how celebration has changed the life of the older people along their life style and also looking at the angle on how this celebrations has help them reduced Social Isolation and loneliness. Please I will be glad if you can link me to any studies done on any or these two questions
Thanks
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(1). Celebration act is usually outcome of a grouping in variety of of numbers and reasons, in which solves the physical loneliness of the individual, learning and involving in many stories and activities by surrounded event, as a helper for a useful- pass- time. (2). The emotional factor of celebration is not merely takes away the ageing barrier for a short while, it also brings back the past memories of being "young & strong" in the person's favorite youth- era, in which increases a considerble amount of endorphine, positivity, and emotional refreshing. In addition, celebration is a travel-tool from being stuck in the past, toward the novelties of present, and even a near future period, in a softer paste, and without lowering criticism of newer generation, especially in our current electronic era.    
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Can this be a solution? Do you have ideas or research links to support this assumption?
I am going to write an essay about this and am very critical regarding the assumption that loneliness in elderly is just a symptom of lacking ICT skills. Any support for this view?
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one of the first things the new definition of health (Hubner,2011) says is that in order to feel healthy one must feel usefully. ICT can help people to feel useful. There ar overlays that make it realy easy for people to learn how to use ICT. But on the other hand if you read the study about loneliness and socialmedia you will think it doesn't help. I think there must be done more studies in this area before we can really answer this question. 
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I would be very grateful if someone could advise me on an aspect of the systematic review that I am currently conducting as part of my Masters studies. The preliminary aim of the systematic review is to examine the impact of information and communication technology usage on social isolation including loneliness in aged adults. I have completed my scoping searches and have identified several relevant systematic reviews in the area (please find attached).
Could someone have a quick read through and let me know if you are aware of any pertinent systematic reviews that I may have missed during my searches and/or if you know of any ongoing reviews that are due to be published in the next 3 months? Moreover, I would be very grateful for any kind of helpful advice that you can offer regarding my research topic in general. This will help me to ensure that I am addressing a novel question which has not previously been addressed.
As you can see reference [6] is as closest to the particular review question I am asking and therefore my primary reference point. The others focus on a broader context respectively on a broader target group.
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Hi Robert,
Here are a couple of general reviews on loneliness:
Routasalo, P., & Pitkala, K. H. (2003). Loneliness among older people. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 13, 303-311. doi:10.1017/S095925980400111X
O'Luanaigh, C., & Lawlor, B. A. (2008). Loneliness and the health of older people. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23(12), 1213-1221. doi:10.1002/gps.2054
There are also reviews looking more specifically at outcomes of loneliness, e.g.:
Hawkley, L.C., & Cacioppo, J.T. (2010). Loneliness matters: A theoretical and empirical review of consequences and mechanisms. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 40(2), 218227. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9210-8
Good luck with your Masters!