Science topic

Lobbying - Science topic

A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
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Geothermal energy is constantly available at any time of the day or year, regardless of the weather. The potential of geothermal energy is practically inexhaustible and available almost everywhere. Do wind and solar have more support from national governments because their lobbying associations have greater influence?
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Specific location and monetary power do matter, the whole world is not like Iceland as but the political bias is surely eminent:
Some successful projects, where initiated by a few engaged ecological experts:
However, this is a case of a very wealthy community and may not be applicable generally as Mahmood M. Barbooti mentioned already, with respect to deep drilling costs (between: 2,5 and 5km).
The EROI is, imo, decisive:
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Because rejection by journals. Is it due increase in numbers or need for mostly lab related information
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Hi Dr Swaminathan C. . I think because there is a very big competition among high-quality journals to attract high-quality articles.
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It is public open to see registered interest groups on EU Committee web site aiming to provide transparency of lobbying in EU. Is there similar source in US giving obvious lobbying transparency view?
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The analysis of differences in the scope of Renewable Energy Policy in individual countries should take into account the scale of the share of the oil refining and refining industry in the entire national economy. The large share of the oil industry in the domestic economy may generate analogous large-scale lobbying of the industry on the government, on policies on shaping a specific direction of development of this sector in a given country. This lobbying may concern, for example, the deliberate slowing of energy sector reforms in the scope of pro-ecological needs. This type of conservative policy may not take into account the needs of reforming the energy sector, including the development of renewable energy sources, ecological innovations in renewable energy technologies, ecological material innovations, etc. The development of electromobility or the development of power supply technologies based on hydrogen engines should also be added to this issue. oxygen or other environmentally neutral technologies. Such reforms are necessary in the 21st century in connection with the need to reduce greenhouse gases in order to slow down the progressing global warming process, ie the increase of the average annual temperature on Earth. In the 21st century, it is necessary to develop a new green economy in the context of the forthcoming fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The issues of lobbying the oil industry to slow down energy sector reforms is one of the major problems of modern economics, specifically the issues of sustainable development with the emphasis on ecology, the impact of industry and classic energy sources on the natural environment. This issue is particularly important in the context of climate change, global warming, rising average temperature on the Earth, the progressing greenhouse effect of the Earth and the related new climate disasters is probably the most important topic for discussion, research and human action in the 21st century.
The topics related to the greenhouse effect on Earth, which are the subject of discussion, are particularly important and scientifically important and in the context of human life.
In the context of this issue of lobbying of the oil industry affecting the governments of countries, there is an important issue for discussion in the field of economic development of the world in the 21st century.
Therefore, I am asking you with an important question: Does the issue of oil industry lobbying affecting national governments in order to slow down energy sector reforms be a serious problem and a brake on pro-ecological reforms in the energy sector and the development of, for example, electromobility?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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In recent years, the topic of the pro-ecological transformation of the economy and the implementation of sustainable development goals has appeared in the media more and more often. Therefore, the scale of the pro-environmental social awareness of citizens is growing. More and more companies and corporations add the issues of achieving the goals of sustainable development to their missions and development strategies. Therefore, the following research question appears: Is the lobbying of companies from the fossil fuel extraction sector and classic energy based on these fuels gradually declining due to the growing scale of pro-environmental, public awareness of citizens? Is there a noticeable correlation in this matter?
Thank you, Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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It is normal situation, especially in the taxonomy of the small groups of invertebrates. A low number of specialists around a World means that self-citations are inevitable. We know from the last year that it can be a problem for journals focused on taxonomy (the case of Zootaxa). What do you think, what we should to do with this? Any idea?
Another problem. As you know citations of the species descriptions (i.e. author of the species name) are often not included, similarly like authors of barcode sequences. Should we lobby for the citation of such works and sequences or not? And how to do it? When you are writing the papers do you cite such papers and sequences in the References? When you revise papers of other authors do you suggest to cite such papers and sequences in the References?
I'm very curious of your opinion.
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I fully agree that studies on the biodiversity are one of the most important, and must be treated as 'top of the tops' under current circumstances and biological loss. The small groups are as important as the large ones, or even more. We are now suffering from effects of decline and discourage of taxonomy and focus on modern molecular approach as replacement for 'traditional' taxonomy and biodiversity studies. So the problem is wide and not a simple solution can resolve it.
Second point is putting in one bag for assessment wide variety of biological research - biomedical (with journals IF over 20 easy accessible for researchers), molecular and genetic engineering science publications (with easy acievement of IF = 10) to taxonomy with most journals IF =1. The point is 'modern' papers are cited intensively for short time (3 years as median time) - which leads to the effect of high IF in a short time scale as requested by analytical companies. Taxonomic papers are cited for over 250 years now (Linnaeus papers as base of modern taxonomy) so their long term impact is much higher than estimated by 5yr IF (most common long term index of journal quality).
Third point is 'taxonomic ignorance' in molecular approach (See Lis JA et al. 2008), almost nothing changed since then.
Fourth question is how to tweak of the analytical companies algorithms to be more reliable. These must be more sensitive for taxonomic papers on one hand and be able to recognize and eliminate bulky self-citations not related to taxa and taxonomic names. And yes, lobbying is necessary in this case.
In many palaeontological journals it is obligatory to cite all authors of names with papers listed in references (it is even recommendation of ICZN), but it is often ignored or not allowed by the journals limits of cited papers, or push to obscure supplementary materials never cited.
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Unfortunately, not every scientist follows ethical rules.
The rapid growth of Gene Research and prospects of Gene Therapy raise the question of whether Global Legislation is lagging behind.
We have to be careful that the initiation of gene research, the running of gene studies and implementation of gene research in real world settings are better controlled and monitored. There are many criminal and evil players in the world that are willing to exploit the dark side of gene research. We really need to have a proper debate about this.
Do we urgently lobby and pressurise governments to get this done?
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The relationship between ethical and legal aspects of medical intervention is complex, and seems to be particular in each country. I concur with Dr. Crewe that global legislation would be hard to enforce. The particular case of the ‘CRISPR babies’ actually illustrates this difficulty. The BBC news item does not explain the nature of the ‘government ban’ that justified his imprisonment, and as far as I know, previous international criticism had all been based on quite appropriate ethical considerations. Similar questions are also currently the subject of heated discussions regarding cell-based therapies.
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Does anybody know of any initiatives, other than Publons that gives credit to peer-reviewers, that lobbies for free open access publishing? It would be great if peer-reviewers got publication discounts from open access publishers. Paid open access seems to discriminates against 'poor' universities & researchers who cannot pay out of their own pocket and for those researchers that publish a lot. It does not seem ethical to pay for own publications - the richest will publish the most, especially considering all the predatory journals that would publish any poor quality materials for money, Scholars are doing their peer-reviews for free and publishers get paid for publishing their work...
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Unpaid peer review has long between a tradition in subscription-based journals, but it has become more controversial with journals that charge for submissions. Indeed, some of the journals that charge submission fees do offer discounts on those fees and other rewards for reviewing (for example, Elsevier offers temporary access to SCOPUS). If you want to be compensated for reviewing, then limit your reviewing to journals that offer those kinds of rewards.
Otherwise, consider the non-monetary rewards: a chance to read pre-publication work in your field, a chance to influence the direction of your field, a chance to build relationships with editors, and a chance to build your CV by showing that other professionals value your judgments. Plus, there is a chance to multiple all of those effects by being invited onto an editorial board, etc.
At least in the social sciences, we get the opportunity to read the other reviews, and to see how the editors used their suggestions along with our own to reach a decision. I personally feel like I have learned a lot from that process -- both as a reviewer and as an author.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Ethics of banking procedures, Corporate social responsibility?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Ethics of banking procedures, Corporate social responsibility.
An example of a research problem to consider:
What role in generating in the investment banking the main risk factors that led to the emergence of the global financial crisis in autumn 2008 was played by unreliable banking procedures and violations of business ethics? Why were these issues not settled and the costs of public aid for bankers rescued from bankruptcy were transferred to society? In view of the above, is a strong banking lobby responsible for unreliable banking procedures and violations of business ethics?
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dariusz Prokopowicz Nice question
I agreed with Juan Manuel Montero Peña that the answer will be spited in 2 part Adheem Naeem
1st Ethic in banking procedure:
As banks are commercial entities working for profits & the staff has there target-KRA ~ incentive corresponding to the targets such situtation can occur. Additionally banker cant afford to loss large institutional or HNI clients thus th procudere might be at stake.
2nd for CSR thought kindly refer my project & allied paper
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Should the world of science be fully independent of other organizations, autonomous with respect to various pressure groups and lobbies, apolitical and thus fully objective in the conducted research and opinions issued on the conducted research, developed fields of science and interpretation of research results? Should the world of science have traits of transcendentalism, the possibility of a holistic approach to the complex, including international and global problems? The information globalization that is growing thanks to the development of the Internet may facilitate these processes. It is also necessary to develop independent, objective media in which comments to scientific research results published in scientific publications appear.
The development of science has always been determined by the progress of civilization, equipment of the national economy in specific production factors and in productive, intellectual, developmental capacity, etc. Currently, in the technical, biotechnology, IT, medical, etc., the importance of the development of scientific research, results in the form of new patents, innovative technologies and new technical improvements are applied in industry and become key new production factors that increase the country's economic development and raise the standard of civilian life of citizens. There are more and more clusters, within which enterprises cooperate with science centers, with universities and scientific institutes aimed at directing research to create innovative solutions that will quickly find practical applications in industry. There are more and more examples of cooperation of public institutions, science institutions with commercially operating business entities.
Increasingly, large industrial corporations create their own research laboratories. On the other hand, more and more institutes of science assume technological startups based on innovative technological, product, service or other solutions. Universities cooperating with universities help in designing and improving modern curricula at the university, so that students are prepared to the best possible way to the labor market. It happens that companies for specific faculties of technical universities commission the development of specific technologies, innovations, patents, etc., that is, those necessary knowledge-based types of production factors that they need in their business. However, this type of approach mainly concerns or strictly strictly technical fields of study. in artistic studies and some humanities, this approach could fail partially or completely, because it could limit innovation and creativity in shaping the assumptions, concepts and conduct of scientific research.
However, at the universities of mainly humanistic, artistic, etc., the key issue is the independence of creating scientific concepts, independence in the development of research, the formulating theories, their verification, formulas of research and the publication of their results, description and interpretation of the results of scientific research. Therefore, a significant part of learning should be completely independent of business, politics, and various pressure groups lobbying for certain corporations, some of which are internationally active corporations. Information globalization is conducive to media objectivization and pluralisation in many countries. As a result, the description of the results of scientific research can be disseminated and publicized quickly. These processes may contribute to the increase of the objectivity and independence of the world of science.
Should international research teams be created that are abstract, independent of political influences, independent of subjective political views and others? Can an international scientific team of scientists representing different cultures, different subjective views and views on various problems be an effective team capable of conducting interesting scientific research? Can an international scientific team of scientists representing different cultures develop fully objective research projects? In my opinion, yes, it is possible and should create international research teams composed of scientists representing different cultures, different perspectives on various problems, proposing different solutions and research concepts, because in this way the most effective research projects can be created. In this way, the most effective research projects addressing globally significant civilization problems may arise. It is important that they are international research teams, for which the prime issue is tolerance for other cultures, other value systems, the ability to negotiate and develop common solutions for which the objectivity of scientific research, description of the results of scientific research and interpretation of these results is a privy issue.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Should the world of science be fully independent of other organizations, autonomous with respect to various pressure groups and lobbies, apolitical and thus fully objective in the conducted research and opinions issued on the conducted research, developed fields of science and interpretation of research results?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Should the world of science be fully independent, autonomous, apolitical and therefore fully objective? How? Independency, autonomy etc. have a price, both literally and metaphorically. Who will pay or is willing to pay for it? I am skeptical.
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Hi guys,
Thank you very much in advance for your help.
I am writing my postgraduate dissertation and am not sure whether one of the hypothesis I formulated is appropriated or not and I will need your help on this matter.
I am conducting a marketing research for the company I work for (a hotel chain) to assess which package will get more preferences if we introduce daily coworking passes for people to use our lobbies for working purposes.
We designed a survey and proposed 4 different packages options which are the results of benchmarking and of the assessment of the value proposition we can offer to our customers while maintaining our profit margins.
Since we don't aim to position ourselves as coworking space ( we are and still want to be a hotel) and we won't provide all the services coworking spaces offer, we expect that some packages will get more preferences than others.
Example: if the average charged by coworking spaces for daily passes is £40 with hot desk, coffees and tea amenities and printing services, we would expect our respondents to select a package of £25 with the same characteristics (excluded printing services), considering that we are not a coworking space. Does it make sense?
In my literature review I explained all the reasons why we expect package A and B to perform better than package C and D.
My question is... could I formulate this as hypothesis?
H2: We expect package A and B to perform package C and D
My concern is that this hypothesis can not be tested with statistical inferences, so I am not sure if it is correct to propose an hypothesis that can be verified or not just by the use of a pie chart showing the survey results...
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Hi Jessica
Regarding your first question - I don't think that majority of individuals would mind, if one particular space perceive itself as a coworking environment or not. Sure, coworking has gained its momentum and it's generally hyped due to various variables, starting from socioeconomic changes in recent years, digital transformation that enables one to work virtually from everywhere to wide availability of these kind of office environment both in urban and rural areas. It would much more make sense to ask yourself a question, what are the factors that one would use the lobby of hotel over a niche workspace around the corner to fulfil his daily work tasks - would that be affordable pricing, good coffee or networking mechanisms that are run by community managers within a particular workspace?
Coming from this, your hypotheses make sense, but your methodological approach should not be limited solely to literature review as you won't be able to compile enough data to determine which package would perform better. It would be good to think about comparative analysis where you would study few different spaces in the area and then determine what could be the packages that particular space would offer. You would need to prepare a questioners with which you would ask daily users of selected workspace what are engaging factors when it come towards selecting their daily work environment and then compare the data.
Hope this helps.
Best
Marko
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  • There are several groups of youth vigilante - cow protection group , Love-jihad group, Hindu yuva sangh group - these are sort of moral police backed by Hindu govt in India , who are beating, lynching & killing Muslim & Dalit .
  • can these be relevent to your work ? If yes , let me know , I am interested to contribute .
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Ohh I thought the book is going to be published . Here it was showing as ‘an ongoing project’ that could be of my interest :)
congratulations on your publication !
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How political should a University be in recent times? Do you believe that the University is (or can be) a neutral space without politics or do you believe that the University, as an institution of society, maybe even has to be political?
I think this question becomes even more crucial, when we think about different sources of funding for scientific research or specific interest groups, lobbying etc. Or in terms of certain Majors like Gender/Queer Studies, Cutlural Studies, Philosophy but also in sciences like physics or even mathematics.
We also can find this question about the University, about politics and the roles the various faculties can (und shall) play in the work of e.g. Immanuel Kant (Conflict of the Faculties). So maybe this seems to be an 'old' question, but it is still a current issue, too, since it affects our work (and self-concept) as scientists in my opinion.
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This is a great question, and I would say that in certain fields we have a responsibility to highlight the politically-driven root causes of certain social phenomena, so in that respect, I'd say quite political. I think the Chronic of Higher Ed just had a piece about how university presidents should all make statements about protecting immigrant rights, so that might be worth checking out!
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This project is for a Masters degree in HR & International Management, therefore requirement is to combine the knowledge, theories and frameworks of 'People Management' and 'International Management' in practical situations. The focus must be on managing people in an international context.
As I have an interest in International Relations and International Organisations, I am thinking about focusing on International and Multilateral Organisations such as - UN, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, OIC or those like International Olympics Committee etc, FIFA etc.
Currently, I am thinking in the direction of practices of inclusion, ensuring equality and fair opportunities in terms of recruitment/selection and progression. This would look to research if citizens of all member states (Developed and developing; powerful and less influential on global scale) are given equal chance and if the recruitment and promotions are done based on merit or governmental lobbying.
Would anyone have suggestions regarding this topic. Would you recommend it? Any suggestions on methodology? Any similar or more specific research questions to base the project on?
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Dear Amman!
Your topic is very important in the context of the UN-SDGs no 5 (Gender equality). Recently I came across a very interesting idea of mapping factors of Socioeconomic status (SES) and gender. The important consideration that was under this study is the health aspect of the different genders in relation of structural discrimination. I hope you too will consider this aspect and probably create a framework to map these factors and a successful strategy to be implemented in international organisations.
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I'm using networkLobbyManager, I managed to create a match and allow the players to join the match by running matchMaker "JoinMatch". I have all the players in "Lobby Scene" but I did not understand how we can join them in the "play scene".
I have found that we can move to "play scene" only if all players are in ready state , but I do not understand how they will be so (in ready state)?
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ThanksDr. Petri ,
Not yet i will see it.
Regards
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There is vast difference in teachings and practical life.When an young boy completes his education,he finds that what ever was taught in the class,is irrelevant in practical life unless u have some Godfathers.Is it the scenario world over?
Fake degrees provide better jobs/positions.
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No universally acceptable answer can be found in this case.
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A decade ago I started this question on who decides the fate of people in democracy. The adopted constitution through political representation was expected to sense the need of nation and work towards progress of the citizens. But world political order and national politics are into the grips of market, capital and powerful lobbies of media, businessmen and politicians. Whether democracy is too taken over by the capitalist idea of domination by few on the hard work of majority.
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Good question! Even good institutions in developed countries can't provide the possibilities for all members of the society, and even for half of them to have real development policy. Look what is going on in the US with Trump - he is a real symbol for the people, who are tired of politicians. And look how the President of the USA can do almost nothing against this system! That's a lot to think about.
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I am in trying to find how to measure lobbying (independent variable)  that affects the career progression (DV) in the banking industry.
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Dear Salma, hiyah.... I guess I haven't come across any career progression scale... it all ends up with objective career success and subjective success.... there is a gap here! that the researchers should work upon seriously.... need to develop a scale really focusing on career progression but for the time being see objective and subjective career success for your research. Best of luck
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I would like to know your opinion. Would you suggest any publications related to this issue?
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I agree with Carlos Sosa Rubio: Ethics.
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I am looking for some extending materials that could be used for teaching...
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I work on simulations exercises in almost all my teaching activities. A software prepared at the University of Maryland (College Park) since 1986 help us successfully. It´s also a way to work on groups behaviour. looking for their influence on networks related to decisión-making process in international politics,
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Charitable organizations in the U.S. are allowed under IRS rules to lobby for specific legislation.  They are not allowed to support specific candidates or parties or seek to influence elections.  Many nonprofits do not know the difference and so refrain from legislative lobbying out of fear of losing their IRS tax exempt status.
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Hi James,
Yes, there is some confusion by the NPOs regarding the difference between Advocacy and Lobbying!
Besides the IRS Form 501c(3), NPOs must submit Form 990 annually outlining resources used in this regard and within prescribed limits. This info available from IRS and National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS).
However, a problem arises when a NPO says it active on these forms but aren't.
The other issue is that the individual State (some 40) require the NPO to register/disclosure of Lobbying, again some still do not actively lobby. This is governed by the Department of the Secretary of State specifically. So to collect accurate data regarding your query, for the whole of US, will be problematic.
All the Best
Rob
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The accounting standard setting is a political lobbying process and as such offers opportunities for interested parties to influence its outcomes. What are these opportunities?
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I MUST ADMIT THAT I DON'T KNOW WHERE TO START. I TEACH SOCIOLOGY, DYNAMICS OF THE FAMILY, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AT STARK STATE COLLEGE. TRY THE TEXTBOOK "DOWN TO EARTH SOCIOLOGY
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I am constantly interested in new examples.
The latest (as of: 10-VII-2015) are (to the best of my knowledge):
Slovenia (2010)
Montenegro (2012)
Austria (2012)
Ireland (2015, effective: 1-IX-2015).
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In the UK we have the Lobbying Act which was legislated in January 2014. Its full name is the Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Act. It restricts campaigning in the run-up to general elections. You should be able to find more information about it online.
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I am teaching a political communication & Media Lobbying course to undergraduate students. Can anybody suggest me a good handbook on this course which covers both political communication and media lobbying.
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Hi Muhammad, 
i think this book gives you a good intro about media lobbying, with united states as example:
"The Irony of Democracy: An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics".
not the whole book, but some chapters are really good.
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Cross-country datasets on lobbying, interest groups and campaign financing are being seeked.
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Project by Raj Chari http://www.regulatelobbying.com/ It is not complete, since there are more countries, which regulated lobbying, but still consists of many useful information. I published a book about lobbying regulations around the world (2008) and few articles, but it is in Polish language only.
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I would like to use this term in my research proposal
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I wrote a paper on this abt 2yrs a ago for a conference in Spain.