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Listening - Science topic

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Publications related to Listening (10,000)
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Article
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Aim To investigate mask use and the difficulties it may pose during communication in healthcare settings. Methods A survey utilizing a series of Likert scales was administered. Mask use challenges between clinicians and their patients were examined in the domains of communication, listening effort, cognition, and rehabilitation. Results Across 24...
Article
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Upon hearing someone’s speech, a listener can access information such as the speaker’s age, gender identity, socioeconomic status, and their linguistic background. However, an open question is whether living in different locales modulates how listeners use these factors to assess speakers’ speech. Here, an audio-visual test was used to measure whet...
Article
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This study examines the relationship between L2 vocabulary knowledge, self-rating of word knowledge, self-perceptions of four language skills (listening, reading, speaking, writing) and students’ academic achievement. An objective measure of lexical knowledge and questionnaire on self-perception and self-rating of vocabulary knowledge were administ...
Article
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A common problem in video conferences is gaze direction. In face-to-face communication, it is common that speaker and listener intermittently look at each other. In a video-conference setting, where multiple participants are on the screen, things are complicated and not necessarily optimal. If the listener feels looked at when the speaker looks int...
Article
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Over the past two years, face masks have been a critical tool for preventing the spread of COVID-19. While previous studies have examined the effects of masks on speech recognition, much of this work was conducted early in the pandemic. Given that human listeners are able to adapt to a wide variety of novel contexts in speech perception, an open qu...
Conference Paper
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This research sought to identify self-perceived critical thinking skills by teachers at a public higher education institution in Mexico. A structured questionnaire, prepared and standardized by Santiuste-Bermejo et al (2001), was applied. This instrument reveals the self-perception of critical thinking when performing reading, writing, listening, a...
Article
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French sociologist and public intellectual, Pierre Bourdieu's (1930-2002) Linguistic Capital, one of his Symbolic Capitals, vividly connects with the reality and motto of the use of diglossia in Bangla language. Concurrently, this study seeks to analyze the Bangladeshis' use of various forms of diglossia in the light of Bourdieu's symbolic capital....
Article
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Listening to music prompts strong emotional reactions in the listeners but relatively little research has focused on individual differences. This study addresses the role of musical preference and familiarity on emotions induced through music. A sample of 50 healthy participants (25 women) listened to 42 excerpts from the FMMS during 8 s while thei...
Conference Paper
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This paper reports on a survey of critical listening training offered at tertiary education providers in the USA, UK, Australia, and Canada. The purpose of the investigation is to explore the concept of mental representations in educational contexts, as instructional materials do not always consider this aspect despite a rich research terrain in th...
Poster
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Recent research has shown that seemingly homophonous elements show unexpected effects of morphological structure on their phonetic realisation. For example, word-final /s/ in English is longest as non-morphemic segment, shorter as suffix, and shortest as clitic, e.g. [1], [2]. Such findings highlight the relevance of the debate in language comprehe...
Article
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Compared with a single-channel echo cancellation, the spatial information of dual-channel echo cancellation enables the listener to obtain more potential information. This paper presents a dual-channel nonlinear acoustic echo cancellation method in α-stable distributed noise environment using a collaborative adaptive filter. Based on the minimum de...
Preprint
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Drawing on 2,250 minutes of audio recordings, this article reported the interpretation of tag questions in virtual courtroom examinations. As an important stylistic feature of the power differential, tag questions are strategically employed by opposing counsels in adversarial courtrooms. However, little has been known about the interpreters' rendit...
Conference Paper
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The disagreement on emotional annotations between annotators is a critical issue in speech emotion recognition (SER). Previous studies on SER with categorical emotions often rely on consensus labels after aggregating the classes selected by multiple annotators and formulating the task as a single-label classification problem. However, previous stud...
Conference Paper
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This is practice research adopting the CLIL approach in an advanced Japanese class at Tokyo Metropolitan University. Through activities focusing on a certain Sierra Leone, students explored its historical background and issues. They raised the sense of ownership while listening to social entrepreneurs aiming to solve poverty. The students' learning...
Thesis
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The recent Covid-19 pandemic presented a need for a sudden, ongoing change in the shape of education, moving away from traditional in-person teaching approaches to online-based instruction. This has led to the increase in implementation of learning autonomy, a trend that had started decades ago, with teachers speedily responding by providing a myri...
Article
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Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) is a self-governing, computer-based spoken language transcript for real-time applications. It is used in various real time applications and it listens the speech signals through a microphone, identifies the words, and assists a network in converting the written text. When we use the ASR system in multiple environm...
Article
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This paper aims to investigate mind-body correlation and to propose an understanding of the unique movement of the invisible body in psychotherapy. The author examined the intermediate field of mind and body with reference to concepts of mind-body boundary in different schools. And they were examined once put into clinical practice based on bodily...
Article
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Research on empathy in intergroup contexts among children in collectivistic cultures is limited. To address this gap, this study examined empathic responding in two group contexts (intergroup and intragroup) among Japanese children by taking into account the collectivistic cultural context. Children aged 4 to 6 years participated in an experimental...
Article
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India has approximately 23 million children without parental care, who need alternative forms of care (MOSPI, 2018). Udayan Care, an NGO, designed an innovative group care model for children and youth in need of care and protection, implementing the indigenously developed LIFE (Living in Family Environment) strategy in 17 Udayan Ghars. (Sunshine Ho...
Article
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Speech-in-noise difficulty is commonly reported among hearing-impaired individuals. Recent work has established generic behavioural measures of sound segregation and grouping that are related to speech-in-noise processing but do not require language. In this study, we assessed potential clinical electroen-cephalographic (EEG) measures of central au...
Article
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Studies involving the interaction between musical mode and tempo on time perception have been carried out through comparisons between a single major mode and a single minor mode, presented in different tempi. However, classifying the modes only into major and minor has not been considered sufficient. The purpose of this study was to verify the infl...
Article
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Background Postpartum depression (PPD) and related maternal mood disorders affect anywhere from 7% to 19% of postpartum women. Although historically a neglected issue, there has been a strong impetus in the past few decades to implement routine, universal screening and to address PPD as a major public health concern. Still, there has been relativel...
Article
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The limited narrow frequency range of 300–3400 Hz used in public switched telephone networks causes a significant reduction of speech quality. To address this drawback, a new robust transform-domain speech bandwidth extension method is proposed in this paper. The method uses the discrete Cosine transform-based data hiding (DCTBDH) technique to prov...
Article
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We explored the potential of using real-time fMRI (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback training to bias interpretations of naturalistic narrative stimuli. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two possible conditions, each corresponding to a different interpretation of an ambiguous spoken story. While participants listened to the story in the scanner, n...
Article
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PurposeAuditory feedback (AF) contributes to speech intelligibility (SI) which is vital in social interactions to examine AF effect on SI of adults with cochlear implant (CI). The relationship between age of CI implantation and AF on SI was examined as well.Method Twenty native Hebrew speaker pre-lingual adults with a hearing loss using CIs from ag...
Article
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The consonant bias is evidenced by a greater reliance on consonants over vowels in lexical processing. Although attested during adulthood for most Roman and Germanic languages (e.g., French, Italian, English, Dutch), evidence on its development suggests that the native input modulates its trajectory. French and Italian learners exhibit an early swi...
Article
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While podcasting has been around for over a decade, this popular format is experiencing a resurgence. This phenomenon has led many educators to return to this medium and ask questions regarding the meaningful integration for teaching and learning. Podcasting lends itself to the idea of learning anywhere and at any time. The benefits of using audio,...
Article
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In this study, participants listened to first-person statements that mentioned a character who was approaching a geographical location close to (Tenerife, Canary Islands) or distant from the participant (Madrid, Spanish peninsula), pronounced with either the participants' local or a distal regional accent. Participants more often judged approaching...
Article
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This unusual report has a purpose: to alter the lyrics of a song too many people listen to over and over. We support an effectual re-tuning by appropriate means. One of the means available is geo-fictional. Most probably, the only constraint is that YOU will read the new song-lyrics only once! Resumo: Esta narrativa incomum tem o seguinte propósito...
Article
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Acknowledgment First, my utmost gratitude and praise to Allah for helping and guiding me to complete this research project. I am so grateful to my teacher and supervisor (Dr. Nazanin), whose support, guidance, and feedback helped me to get a clear vision about the topic of the thesis throughout the research. Without her supervision and constant hel...
Article
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Ocean research and conservation are still largely exclusive fields, with ongoing issues of racial, gender, class, and geographic underrepresentation. To improve accessibility and retention within these fields, we need to create equitable, just, and welcoming study and work environments. It is therefore crucial to listen to the voices of students an...
Article
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Obtaining valid assessments of language and literacy skills in children with Down syndrome (DS) presents a challenge as there is a paucity of information about the psychometrics of measures that are commonly used to measure listening and reading comprehension in this population. Evaluating the construct validity of measures that employ different me...
Article
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Consonant perception in older adults has been widely explored in recent years. However, how aging affects the identification of Mandarin consonants, especially in whispered condition, are under studied. Mandarin consonants and whispering speech have unique features, which may result in different identification difficulties for older adults. The cur...
Article
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Background Confusion of information has also colored the course of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The study analyzes the relationship between media exposure and information clarity about Covid-19 in Indonesia. Methods The study collected extensive data ( n = 5,397). The study determines information clarity about Covid-19 based on respondents'...
Article
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This article focuses on Aliza Levenberg, an educator who taught at a Kiryat Shmona high school at the beginning of the 1960s. For three years Levenberg, a middle class Western European, travelled every week from her home in Tel Aviv to the poor town in the northern periphery of Israel, the inhabitants of which were mainly immigrants from Islamic co...
Article
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Spatial sound perception in aided listeners partly relies on hearing-aid-related transfer functions (HARTFs), describing the directional acoustic paths between a sound source and the hearing-aid (HA) microphones. Compared to head-related transfer functions (HRTFs), the HARTFs of behind-the-ear HAs exhibit substantial differences in spectro-temporal...
Article
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Vague language is observed in language elements that make the meaning unclear. In this pragma-linguistic paper, the authors aim to review the different proposed theories and definitions of vague language that were suggested in the middle of the past century. Through discourse analysis of vague usage, authors justify politeness in communication, gen...
Article
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Background and objectives Active music-making in combination with physical exercise has evoked several positive effects in users of different age groups. These include enhanced mood, muscular effectivity, pain threshold, and decreased perceived exertion. The present study tested the applicability of this musical feedback system, called Jymmin ® , i...
Poster
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Motivation Methods Most commercially available hearing aids use spectral and spatial noise reduction algorithms to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) within an acoustical scene. However, not all improvements in SNR can be exploited by hearing aid users for improvement of speech intelligibility in complex acoustic scenes.
Article
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This paper leans into alterlife (Murphy, 2017) and connectivity ontologies (Harrison, 2015) to consider the implications of more-than-witness(es/ing) (our term) on social studies education. Taking a narrative approach, we engage with three more-than-human bodies (e.g., Boulder, Forest, Document(s)) in an effort to expand how act(or/ion)s of colonia...
Article
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You may be familiar with Maslow. Possibly even a fan. Alternately, you may stop listening the instant a psychologist starts spitting forth a theory. If you Google "Maslow" or his "hierarchy of wants," you'll likely see a colourful pyramid as the result. But given that this particular thinker passed away fifty years ago, what does it signify and can...
Article
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This study adapts a Medical English Language Anxiety Scale (MELAS) based on Horwitz’s Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) and examines students’ anxiety in medical English vocabulary, listening and speaking, communication, literature reading, and academic paper writing. The biographical factors related to medical English language anxie...
Preprint
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People frequently tell others about experiences that distress them, a phenomenon termed social sharing. Paradoxically, although people perceive social sharing as beneficial, it often fails to promote emotional recovery. This may be partially explained by sharers seeking - and thereby eliciting - support that is not helpful in the long term. Here, w...
Article
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The music streaming service provider app, Spotify, accommodates users to customize their music consumption to suit their needs. Not only for listening to music, but Spotify also allows users to show off their musical tastes through other social media channels. The process of music consumption in Spotify becomes a tool of identity construction as we...
Preprint
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Data-driven design is a proven success factor that more and more digital businesses embrace. At the same time, academics and practitioners alike warn that when virtually everything must be tested and proven with numbers, that can stifle creativity and innovation. This article argues that Taleb's Black Swan theory can solve this dilemma. It shows th...
Preprint
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Reverberations are unavoidable in enclosures, resulting in reduced intelligibility for hearing impaired and non native listeners and even for the normal hearing listeners in noisy circumstances. It also degrades the performance of machine listening applications. In this paper, we propose a novel approach of binaural dereverberation of a single spee...
Preprint
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In this essay, we immerse into the framework of normed division algebras as a suitable arena to accommodate the standard model of elementary particles, and we explore some applications to cosmology. Remarkably, they permit interesting non-trivial realisations of the cosmological principle with an interplay between the symmetry groups of the quatern...
Article
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This article begins by exploring how current educational research describes the role of improvisation in education. Drawing on Biesta’s (2017) discussion of the purpose of the educational task, it then argues for a broader consideration of the role of improvisation in education and its potential to positively disrupt traditional linear timescapes....
Preprint
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Purpose How should researchers navigate and interpret the moral emotions evoked in them in research on trauma? In this reflective essay, the authors discuss their experience as researchers on moral injury (MI) in veterans and police personnel in the Netherlands. Stories of MI usually do not allow for a clear-cut categorization of the affected perso...
Preprint
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Subjective evaluation results for two low-latency deep neural networks (DNN) are compared to a matured version of a traditional Wiener-filter based noise suppressor. The target use-case is real-world single-channel speech enhancement applications, e.g., communications. Real-world recordings consisting of additive stationary and non-stationary noise...
Chapter
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The participation of children in Child Protective Services (CPS) remains one of the most complex and sensitive areas of child welfare practice. Internationally, children do not participate in CPS decision-making processes regarding their lives: they are not listened to or heard, and are invisible despite the ratification of the Convention on the Ri...
Article
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Two groups of freshman students, enrolled in a Vocabulary I and Reading I courses, participated in the study. Before instruction, both groups took a recognition (vocabulary) and a production (oral reading) pre-test. Comparisons of the pre-test scores showed no significant differences between the experimental and control group in decoding skills and...
Article
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Man, as a being in the world, has the ability to transform everything that is significant (or not) into rhythmic, harmonic and melodic sets. Music has permeated human making and walking since ancestry. Thus, music has subsidized the development, growth and enabled the confrontation of difficult situations in various social contexts. Thus, this rese...
Article
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Cochlear implants (CIs) are commonly used to restore the ability to hear in those with severe or profound hearing loss. CIs provide the necessary auditory feedback for them to monitor and control speech production. However, the speech produced by CI users may not be fully restored to achieve similar perceived sound quality to that produced by norma...
Article
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This study aimed to determine the influence of school principals' attributes and 21st Century Leadership skills on teachers' performance. The study is as follows. The teachers in the northern part of the National Capital Region are female, teacher I position, have rendered 5 – 14 years of service, and pursued higher studies after college. The teach...
Preprint
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Reverberation results in reduced intelligibility for both normal and hearing-impaired listeners. This paper presents a novel psychoacoustic approach of dereverberation of a single speech source by recycling a pre-trained binaural anechoic speech separation neural network. As training the deep neural network (DNN) is a lengthy and computationally ex...
Book
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A dúvida metódica de Francisco Sanchez inspira esta obra escrita in memoriam Xosé Maria Álvarez Blázquez. Quod nihil scitur (Que nada se sabe) tem três andamentos: 1-Natus in civitate Tudensi. 2-Meditatio mortis. 3-Examen rerum. Disponível em linha para ouvir, ou comprar a partitura, em: https://www.sheetmusicdirect.com/en-US/se/ID_No/1165465/Prod...
Article
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Karamivand. With increasing quality of life and access to health services in most communities, population growth has increased. Life expectancy is higher in most societies than ever before. And these factors have caused most people to reach old age [2]. The phenomenon of aging is already happening in most societies and if it is not managed properly...
Article
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Background: The eligibility criteria for cochlear implantation are constantly evolving, following the continuous progress in technology, knowledge about cochlear implant (CI) fitting, and the possibility to preserve residual hearing. Appropriate attention should be given to asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) and single-side deafness (SSD) subjects. This...
Book
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This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Book
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This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Book
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This practical series represents a comprehensive reference guide to major aspects of English vocabulary as well as the key topics in English grammar, from verb forms, tense structures and uses to modality and the structure of sentences. It will also help you to master the punctuation, spelling, and pronunciation of the verb in both American and Bri...
Book
Full-text available
This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Poster
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World music is categorized into several genres based on complex features like harmony, rhythm, timbre, etc., present in a song. Music Information Retrieval (MIR) and neural entrainment studies have observed that neural responses to music encode features of the stimulus. The relationship between these music features and brain responses can be identi...
Article
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Actually, I reviewed the poetry books of the poets in verse and put them up as my reading and impression of them as for to highlight, be they the books of the new practising poets or the established poets, but I did it as for my pleasure sake, as for poesy's sake, creative literature's sake which but I do not what I did include in and why for nor c...
Article
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Simulation in the new generations of games has paved the way for employing flipped classes. Given the significance of learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP), this complementarity study with a full-factorial design using Augmented Reality- (AR)-mediated English for Nursing Purposes (ENP) classrooms was administered in the fall semester of the...
Article
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The present study attempted to relate the level of music engagement with Gardner's multiple intelligences among adolescents. Certain studies explain that music listening influences various cognitive processes, creativity, and emotions. As a result, some adolescents were exposed to a mix of music types within their selected music genre during their...
Preprint
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Background: Confusion of information has also colored the course of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The study analyzes the relationship between media exposure and information clarity about Covid-19 in Indonesia. Methods: The study collected extensive data (n=5,397). The study determines information clarity about Covid-19 based on respondents' a...
Technical Report
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This inaugural report by Water Policy Group is based on the experiences and perspectives of national water leaders from 88 countries of all regions. Among them they have responsibility for achieving sustainable water for all for over 6 billion people. In summary, this is what they are saying: The highest water-related risks their countries face are...
Article
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This article investigates the effects of message framing and distraction on older adults’ responses to a radio public service announcement (PSA) to promote influenza and pneumococci vaccinations. In detail, it addresses the message impact on recognition, attitudes toward the ad, and information-seeking intentions. The 2 × 2 online experiment was co...
Article
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Recent research shows that adults’ neural oscillations track the rhythm of the speech signal. However, the extent to which this tracking is driven by the acoustics of the signal, or by language-specific processing remains unknown. Here adult native listeners of three rhythmically different languages (English, French, Japanese) were compared on thei...
Book
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This book contains: 3 Essential skills for teacher; Interpersonal skills for tutor (checklist); Events of instruction (summarized); Methods of teaching (more than 100); English learning material for Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking.
Article
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A common aim in virtual reality room acoustics simulation is accurate listener position dependent rendering. However, it is unclear whether a mismatch between the acoustics and visual representation of a room influences the experience or is even noticeable. Here, we ask if listeners without any special experience in echolocation are able to identif...
Technical Report
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This report is based on the experiences and perspectives of national water leaders from 30 countries across the Asia-Pacific Region. Among them they have responsibility for achieving sustainable water for around 3.8 billion people. In summary, this is what they are saying: - National water leaders in the Asia-Pacific region consider the highest wat...
Article
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Purpose: The overall aim of this study was to describe experiences of discrimination due to inaccessibility among people using mobility devices. Material and methods: We conducted a thematic qualitative analysis of 88 complaints about wheeled mobility device use, inaccessibility, and discrimination submitted to the Swedish Equality Ombudsman (DO) d...
Article
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Automatic speaker recognition is an important biometric authentication approach with emerging applications. However, recent research has shown its vulnerability on adversarial attacks. In this paper, we propose a new type of adversarial examples by generating imperceptible adversarial samples for targeted attacks on black-box systems of automatic s...