Questions related to Linguistics
I want to find how the new pattern of language use in social media is affecting the linguistic ecology and how it is changing the scenario.
English language centers in the non English speaking world assess the English of their teachers and professors by using tests that are appropriate for U.S., Canadian, British, Australian environments. These specific contexts at times do not match the academic needs of language centers outside the U.S. or Great Britain for instance
Non-native English teachers are often regarded as not as competent as native teachers especially when considering their accent, pronunciation and English language abilities : what do you think about this issue ?
Dear fellow researchers,
Do you know of any linguistics or applied linguistics journals that accept research letters, short reports, technical notes or similar, in addition to the standard research article? I know these types of article are used in STEM but I am not sure if they are at all widespread in linguistics or applied linguistics. I would be most grateful to anyone who could tell me which journals in the stated field accept these formats and how much prestige they (the formats) currently enjoy.
I am doing linguistic research into the songs of a minority language and would appreciate any suggestions of books/papers covering methodologies for conducting such research. I have audio recordings of songs with transcriptions and translations and would like to start detailed analysis. Thank you.
How do you research and bring work together?
You may use the technique of consilience without knowing it.
Read this definition and then let me know how you use consilience in your work.
In science and history, consilience (also convergence of evidence or concordance of evidence) is the principle that evidence from independent, unrelated sources can "converge" on strong conclusions. That is, when multiple sources of evidence are in agreement, the conclusion can be very strong even when none of the individual sources of evidence is significantly so on its own. Most established scientific knowledge is supported by a convergence of evidence: if not, the evidence is comparatively weak, and there will not likely be a strong scientific consensus.
The principle is based on the unity of knowledge; measuring the same result by several different methods should lead to the same answer. For example, it should not matter whether one measures distances within the Giza pyramid complex by laser rangefinding, by satellite imaging, or with a meter stick – in all three cases, the answer should be approximately the same. For the same reason, different dating methods in geochronology should concur, a result in chemistry should not contradict a result in geology, etc.
The word consilience was originally coined as the phrase "consilience of inductions" by William Whewell (consilience refers to a "jumping together" of knowledge). The word comes from Latin com- "together" and -siliens "jumping" (as in resilience).
There is a concept in Soviet and Russian linguistics such as "speech culture" or "language culture" which means possession of the language norm of oral and written language, as well as "the ability to use expressive language means in different communication conditions". The same phrase denotes a linguistic discipline that is engaged in defining the boundaries of cultural (in the above sense) speech behavior, developing normative manuals, promoting the language norm and expressive language means. (wikipedia).
What is the American equivalent for this concept or is there similar discipline in English-speaking or other countries?
Also there is a similar concept but slightly different concept- "speech culture" which is defined as a set of knowledge, skills and abilities of oral and written speech used in a certain situation of communication and in compliance with the ethics of communication to achieve the desired effect in achieving the goals of communication. I need to find a synonym to this concept too.
I have collected a set of experimental data regarding the strength of a composite material. Besides quantitative data (dimensions and mechanical properties of the materials), linguistic variables, such as the type of composite material, are also included in data as the parameters affecting the material strength. I am trying to use ANN/ANFIS to predict the strength based on the mentioned variables. How is it possible to train a neural system with linguistic inputs included?
Any comments are appreciated.
The collected data of the researchs are heterogeneous which may consist of different representation forms. In general, crisp values, interval values and linguistic terms are most likely to be included. What is the proper way to transform each representationa to fuzzy numbers?
Could someone please recommend a journal that accept very long papers (approximately 50 pages) in language, literature and linguistics? I've been looking through my local publishing houses, and majority of them have very low acceptable word counts (<8000 word) while mine 14,000 words.
Should I reconsider splitting this paper into parts? I don't intend to, but only if it works...
Should one analyze only one field's abstracts or combine more than one? If combining/comparing is better, which is the most appropriate field to compare with Linguistics/Applied Linguistics?
What are methods of elicitation of linguistic data from native speaker informants during field research? and what are its condition for a successful research?
Hi everyone. I'm doing a study about the relationship between voice pitch and fatigue. I decided to do the analysis in PRAAT, since it seems the most user-friendly for a newbie in voice research. However, I'm not quite sure what pitch range to use. I was thinking of a pitch range of 100-500 Hz for females and 75-300 Hz for males. Will this be sufficient or shall I set a lower pitch floor in case of a creaky voice?
And is it better to get the average pitch of full phrases or do I have to get the pitch per word? (I want to determine the average pitch of a file of about 15 phrases).
We are working on a review regarding the relationship between language and the mutiple-demand network. You will be responsible for addressing the reviewer's criticisms. Please leave your email address if you are interested.
I am interested in knowing what significant contributions to the field of Linguistics have come from various countries around the world. The following PowerPoint traces the history of linguistics from an American perspective, but I need help in finding out the contributions of other countries. Thanks.
Please be free to brainstorm about this topic. The game industry is booming but there is a gap.
Very few games were designed and evaluated for supporting the learning process of students, especially of those with other linguistic and cultural backgrounds. Gaming among children is a way of communicating inclusion and we should respond to that. We can design games with cultural and inclusive elements and portrait the diversity by digital representations.
If you are interested in co-writing an article to provide a guide to the game industry or brainstorm on this topic, please do so. If you are interested to find a funding together with me for a project like this, email me. Kind regards.
I tried to install Linger but it doesn't work. I'm accepting suggestions for another reliable software for self-paced reading experiments. Thanks in advance!
I want to know the latest linguistic theories, which have been applied to many natural languages. The name of the theory, its most important terms, and some other information about it.
I will be very happy to read your answers.
I am interested to partake in researches targeted at aiding certain speech deficiencies. I have a passion in community work, and being a linguist, I will be willing to participate in works or projects that might require the assistance of an Applied phonologist who can assist speech impaired children. I am currently working on Tongue-tie, among children in Southern Nigeria. Keep me informed if there is any such research I can help out with.
Following up on the previous question, linguists are still disputing how languages are organized in bilinguals’ minds: whether a speaker’s native and second languages are separate entities or whether they form an entity in their minds. Nobody can deny that both schools had empirical evidence to back up their claims. On the other hand, many linguists argue that the location of the language has little bearing on the production and recognition of words. The relationships between words in the mental lexicon are more important. Do you agree with this viewpoint?
Referential and model-theoretic semantics has wide applications in linguistics, cognitive science, philosophy and many other areas. These formal systems incorporate the notion - first introduced by the father of analytic philosophy Gottlob Frege more than a century ago - that words correspond to things. The term ‘2’ denotes or refers to the number two. The name ‘Peter’ refers to Peter, the general term ‘water’ refers to H2O and so on. This simple idea later enabled Alfred Tarski to reintroduce the notion of ‘Truth’ into formal logic in a precise way, after it had been driven out by the logical positivist. Willard van Orman Quine, one of the most important analytic philosophers of the last century devoted most of his carer to understanding this notion. Reference is central to the work of people such as Saul Kripke, David Lewis and Hilary Putnam and many others.
Furthermore, the idea of a correspondence between whole expressions between, sentences or propositions and states of the world or facts drive the recent developments in philosophy of language and metaphysics under the label of ‘Grounding’ and ‘Truthmaking’ where a state of the world or a fact is taken to “make true” a sentence or a proposition. For example, the sentence “Snow is white.” is made true (or is grounded in) the fact that snow is white obtains. 
Given that this humble notion is of such importance to contemporary analytic philosophy, one may wonder why the father of modern linguistics - and a driving force in the field ever since the (second) cognitive revolution in the nineteen fifties - has argued for decades that natural language has no reference. Sure, we use words to refer to things, but usage is an action. Actions involve things like intentions, believes, desires etc. And thus, actions are vastly more complicated then the semantic notion of reference suggests. On Chomsky’s view then, natural language (might) not have semantics, but only syntax and pragmatics.
On Chomsky’s account, syntax is a formal representation of physically realized processes in the mind-brain of an organism. Which allows him to explain why semantics yields such robust results (a fact that he now acknowledges). What we call ‘semantics’ is in fact a formal representation of physically realized processes in the mind-brain of an organism – us. 
Chomsky has argued for this for a very long time and, according to him, to no avail. In fact, I only found discussion about this by philosophers long after I learned about his work. No one in a department that sides heavily on philosophy of language, metaphysics and logic ever mentioned Chomsky’s views on this core notion to us students. To be fair, some in the field seem to begin to pay attention. For instance, Kit Fine, one of the leading figures in contemporary metaphysics, addresses Chomsky’s view in a recent article (and rejects it). 
The main reason why I open this thread is that I came recently across an article that provides strong independent support to Chomsky’s position. In their article Fitness Beats Truth in the Evolution of Perception, Chetan Parakash et al. use evolutionary game theory to show that the likelihood for higher organisms to have evolved to see the world as it is (to have veridical perception) is exceedingly small. 
Evolutionary game theory applies the formalism originally developed by John von Neumann to analyze economic behavior and applies it in the context of natural selection. Thus, an evolutionary game is a game where at least two types of organisms compete over the same resources. By comparing different possible strategies, one can compute the likelihood for a stable equilibrium. 
Parakash et al. apply this concept to the evolution of perception. Simplifying a bit, we can take a veridical perception to be a perceptual state x of an organism such that x corresponds to some world state w. Suppose there are two strategies. One where the organism estimates the world state that is most likely to be the true state of the world. And another where the organism estimates which perceptual state yields the highest fitness. Then, the first strategy is consistently driven into extinction.
Now, compare this with reference: Some word (here taken to be a mental state) refers to a thing or a state of the world such that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the word and the world. It seems that this is an analogous situation. And thus, it should be equally unlikely that we have evolved to have reference in natural language. Any such claim needs empirical evidence and this is what Chomsky provides.
Chomsky’s main evidence comes from a test. I frame the test in terms of truthmaking. Consider the basic idea again:
- The sentence A is made true (or grounded in) the fact that A obtains.
Now, if this is true, then one would expect that the meaning of A changes because the world changes. We take a fact to be something that our best scientific theories can identify. In other words we take the objective reality to be whatever science tells us it is. Then we systematically vary physically identifiable aspects of the world and see how the meaning of a term that is supposed to pic out these aspects changes. The hypothesis is that if there is reference or correspondence, then the changes on one side should be correlated with changes on the other side. If this is not the case, then there is no one-to-one correspondence between words and things, and thus, natural language is not related to the physical world.
I give three examples, often discussed by Chomsky, to illustrate how this works: Consider the term ‘water’, embedded in the sentence “The water flows in the river.” Then, what flows in the river should be H2O. Suppose there is a chemical plant upstream and suppose there is an accident. There may be very few H2O molecules left, but it is still a river, it’s still water. So, we have enormous change in the world, but no change in meaning.
Or suppose you put a teabag into a cup of water. The chemical change may be undetectable small, but if you order tea and you get water, you wouldn’t be amused. So, virtually no change in the physical world and clear change in meaning.
Last, consider a standard plot of a fairy tale. The evil witch turns the handsome prince into a frog, the story continuous and at the end, the beautiful princess kisses the frog and turns him back into the prince. Any child knows that the frog was the princess all along. All physical properties have changed, but no child has any difficulty to track the prince. What this suggests is that object permanence does not depend on the physical world, but on our mind-internal processes.
This test has been carried out for a large number of simple concepts, in all cases, there is no correlation between physically identifiable aspects of the world and words. Notice that the test utilizes a dynamic approach. Only if we look at changes we see what is going on.
So, counterintuitive as this may seem, the evidence from the test supports the argument from evolutionary biology that developing concepts that correspond to the world is no advantage at all. And so, we shouldn’t be surprised that this is what we find, once we look closely.
On the other hand, does this conclusively prove that there is no relation between our concepts and the physical world? Not really, after all, the logical structure of language is there, but it suggests that we should look at the mind for a connection between words and the world. If we want to show that language has reference in the technical sense.
- Chomsky, Noam (2016). What Kind of Creatures are We? Columbia Themes in Philosophy. Columbia University Press.
Sociolinguistics is defined as the study of language in society so as to know how language fulfils in our lives, One of the first branches of sociolinguistics is variationist sociolinguistics that applies quantitative approach to data analysis. Earlier variationist studies were not concerned with statistical methods and tend to relate two or more variables, for instance certain linguistic forms and social class as well as focusing on social variation in language than in regional variation.
I'd be grateful for your thoughts on the following contentious issue:
Linguists disagree about the structure of languages in the minds of bilinguals. Some linguists believe a speaker's first and second languages are separate entities in their mind, whereas others believe they form a unit in the mind. This has naturally influenced their explanations and assumptions about the relationship between the first and second languages.
In linguistics, literary criticism, and in many other fields of study, the FORM vs. FUNCTION dichotomy is interesting, and fundamental. For instance, in linguistics, this distinction opposes the British and Russian SYSTEMIC-FUNCTIONAL grammars (Jakobson, Halliday, Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, Crystal, etc.) to the American STRUCTURAL-TRANSFORMATIONAL grammars (Chomsky, Gleason, Fries, Pike, Bloomfield, etc.). There has also been a strong semiotic tradition in linguistics (Saussure, Barthes, Derrida, Eco, Sebeok, etc.) that has claimed that language is ENTIRELY systemic, rather than functional. And recently, I have claimed that language is fundamentally temporal/rhythmic, with rhythmic qualities being the foundational of form. This series of related, but distinct grammars, it seems, gets very close to the essence of things, philosophically. Ontologically, things can be rhythmic, and/or formal, and/or functional, and/or systemic, with the most pervasive things, such as language, being ALL of the above, simultaneously. So my question, I guess, is this: What is going on here? What is the best way to deal with this issue? For instance, the great Quirk et al. COMPREHENSIVE GRAMMAR OF ENGLISH, alternates chapters, first one on form and then one on function. It also has a large section, later on, that addresses discourse, and so things that are more systematic than formal and functional. It also has an appendix that addresses things like prosody and rhythm, and so flushes out all four of these concerns, but in a kind of disjunct, chaotic, if not incoherent, way. In the end, I think, it seems evident that, on these issues, the authors know not what. But they are trying. Oh well.
Andrew Neil, a TV presenter here in UK has just used a word, ultracrepidarianism, the roots of which are attributed to Pliny the Elder.
ne supra crepidam sutor judicare ‘let the cobbler not judge above the sandal’
The current Covid-19 pandemic has given rise to ultracrepidarianism on a colossal scale, particularly here on RG.
Ultracrepidarianism is the act of giving advice or opinions on subjects one has no knowledge or experience of.
This is all too common on RG and the cause of most of the disputes between academics and scientists who participate on the threads. What is it makes people so enthusiastic about formulating opinions on subjects they know little or nothing about?
I would like to know how each linguistic school of thought studied and explained suprasegmentals.
Has anyone used a composite score based on the LEAP-Q?
I work with bilingual data and I would like to apply a LEAP-Q composite score. However, I have not found any studies that would apply an aggregate score for LEAP-Q results.
I hope to be entering a doctoral program in 2022, but while waiting, I would very much like to improve my understanding of applicable statistical uses and methods for use in the social sciences. My knowledge stops at coefficient of variation and does not solidly extend to ANOVA and chi-square. Much-needed leg up here in finding a self-paced, affordable, online stat package for social sciences (linguistics in particular). Thanks!
Is not the term anti-Semitic, as it is used today to refer to bigotry against Jews, used loosely and erroneously? “Anti-Semitic” literally and technically means being opposed to someone who speaks a Semitic language (e.g. Arabic and Hebrew). My question is: why then was the term “anti-Semitic” coined in 19th century Germany to refer – rather confusingly – to a phenomenon of hatred of Jews in Europe who, however, did not speak a Semitic language at the time? Do we know with any certainty and rigour how much knowledge of philology and linguistics Wilhelm Marr, the German writer who coined the term “anti-Semitic” in 1879, had?
I have completed my PhD course work and also passed the Comprehensive Exam. Now I want to do research work from abroad. My subject is Islamic Studies. Studying religions, ethics, gender studies and linguistics are my area of interest. Please give me information and guidance in this regard. Can you tell me exactly about such opportunity?
I’m using Mann Whitney test in a linguistic study to compare the frequencies of a linguistic feature in two collections of texts. One collection includes a lot more (x10) texts than the other one. Ive Read that Mann Whitney can be used to compare groups of unequal size, but the examples usually given are smth like 224 vs 260, not 224 vs 2240.
Can I still use this test? Does it make sense to thin the bigger sample to match the smaller one? They’re both random samples representative of a certain genre, so conceptually i think downsampling is possible.
Is there anybody who is interested in collaborating with a project regarding neuropsychology of language mechanisms. This work would be a review including papers using fMRI and EEG. We hypothrize the the mutipled demand cortex may play an role in language, but its role is more executive rather than linguistic. Leave your email address if you are interested.
Studies on information structure have traditionally been made, considering assertive speech acts, since Prague Linguistic Circle. Is there any systematic approach to information structure considering non assertive speech acts, like interrogatives, for example?
As alluded to in Kissine's (2021) Language paper and others, autistic individuals are egocentric language learners and users, because of “the difficulties in mind-reading that are inherent in the autism diagnosis” (cf. Andrés et al. 2017; Geurts et al. 2020). To compensate, autistic people seem to resort to self-sufficient mechanisms to acquire their grammatical competence and IPC (i.e., abstractly executing pure thought and processing communicative tasks. Cf. Mao 2020; 2021). In this case, what is a proper perspective to view the divergences between constructionists and nativists in terms of language acquisition and its use?
Noticing hypothesis is a theory within second-language acquisition that a learner cannot continue advancing their language abilities or grasp linguistic features unless they consciously notice the input. The theory was proposed by Richard Schmidt in 1990. Interaction, on the other hand, states in L2 acquisition input, intake and output are needed. The question is if noticing hypothesis comes under interaction hypothesis or is it something different?
I know this question is difficult as their proverbial or idiomatic status implies that they can only be detected once they have a certain degree of currency in a folk group. Still, do you know of any phrase (idiom, collocation, proverb -- anything) that is at the beginning of its life or might "catch on" in the near future?
I have been working in the field of the morphosyntax of child directed speech (CDS) and keep noting that relatively little work has been carried out over the last 30 years despite relatively little being known about the grammatical structure and overall reliability of CDS. Many questions were posed decades ago and remain unanswered. Does anyone have an idea for the reason that this field is not of greater interest to linguists?
I am interested in French language corpora of classroom discourse to analyze teacher-student and student-student linguistic interactions in L1 French. Would anyone be able to recommend available corpora that would lend themselves to this type of research?
I want to write my thesis sociolinguistically about a new linguistic phenomenon, but the main contribution to my study is to solve speaking anxiety.. my thesis will include a question, after explaining the phenomenon from the sociolinguistic perspective, about "how this phenomenon solve the problem of anxiety">... *MY QUESTION IS: does this type of research refer to sociolinguistics or to Language learning and teaching????
The majority of my research involves linguistic analysis. I'm looking for new variables and coding systems to expand my toolkit.
Recently i'm working on a project of sociolinguistics to identify the relationship between social change and linguistic change amid COVID-19.
I am not a specialist in the field, which is why I am asking this question. My readings have led me to have the impression that the importance of structural linguistics in the twentieth century until the 1960s and 1970s overshadowed a lot of the pre-Saussure thinking on language, especially in Europe. I am looking for specific references that defend this idea or, on the contrary, that would allow me to refute my impression.
Thank you for your help.
We are Dutch BA students looking for participants for our Thesis survey on intercultural communication. If you are a US-American with work experience we would love for you to fill it out and spread the word!
I am writing a paper on the linguistic landscape in Palestine and want to publish it. What Open Access (preferably without publication fees) journals accept papers on this particular topic? Would appreciate any suggestions.
I'm beginning to think that this distinction is not as clear-cut as it has traditionally been taken for granted. Consider the following example: "She may like this one" (uttered by a friend who is helping you find a dress for your girlfriend). Many would say that this is a case of epistemic modality (no speaker's commitment to the truth of the modalized proposition). However, in this context, the utterance of "She may like this one" counts as a suggestion, this notion falling, in my view, within the domain of deontic modality.
Are there any studies in linguistics about the average information density per character according to language (in the written form)?
Actually, I'm looking for data (rankings, for instance) on the average information density per character (or for 100, 1000, etc. characters) for languages like English, French, Japanese, etc. (in their written, not spoken, form).
Thank you very much.
I was trying to determine whether there are differences in the frequencies of words (lemmas) in a given language corpus starting with the letter K and starting with the letter M. Some 50 000 words starting with K and 54000 words starting with M altogether. I first tried using the chi-square test, but the comments below revealed that this was an error.
To what extent do you think the use of learners' linguistic landscape as a pedagogical resource for second and foreign language learning is useful?
Would like show me university that will conduct research about
Language, linguistic, ethnic of culture, women emancipation, human-right,& education research ? I need information about that , thanks
The purpose of this question is to examine and compare the concepts of linguistic colonialism and cultural alienation in University textbooks for teaching English as opposed to the theories about culture in the decolonial turn. Dichotomous categories were established based on the analysis of the cultural component of texts for the teaching of English. The corpus consisted of six textbooks produced by foreign publishers and used in Colombia during the years 2006-2018. Documentary analysis procedures were used to discuss emergent themed contents in relation to cultural components from a critical perspective that unveiled imperialism practices. Results showed that textbook contents dealt with high levels of alienation burden, superficial cultural components and instrumentation to the submissive person who favors the dominant culture of English and does not offer possibilities to embrace interculturality in ELF teaching contexts.
La diversidad lingüística y cultural está presente en cada país ¿Consideras que en tu país se fomenta la Educación Intercultural desde las escuelas?
I have noticed that most of the linguistic studies tend to the new branches of applied linguistics ,or pragmatics ignoring the basic branch which is historical linguistics!!!!
is it because every thing have been tackled in it? or because of the emergence of new more important branches of linguistics ?
according to me I do believe that historical linguistics still has much to study and discuss.
What program is best for the computer-assisted phonetic comparison of dialects? We would like to compare several phonetically quite close dialects of a more or less well-documented language (with the respective protoforms available in case they're required for comparison). The aim of the comparison is to see how close the dialects are to each other and if maybe one stands out against the others, as well as to possibly get input for solving the questions of how the language and / or its speakers spread across the area where the dialects are currently spoken (within the possibilities, of course).
Hello! I am looking for Spanish, English and Chinese native speakers to participate in my final survey for my PhD thesis.
This is the direct link.
Thank you for your participation.
In fact, I need to know the analytical tools related to discourse analysis that might be used to tackle a literary discourse (precisely poems). I also need the names of the prominent linguists who pioneered the concepts in discourse analysis that are suitable to analyze a literary discourse.
Thank you in advance.
One of the goals of the scientific platforms, including Research Gate, is to help researchers to update their knowledge regarding the recent developments in research in their area of study. We can help new researchers by suggesting titles or topics for research and in this way we can promote spreading knowledge and it would be another way for connecting researchers all over the world. Moreover, some researchers may co-author some topics as well as brainstorm ideas in their areas. I'll start with some topics that might be interesting for some researchers in the field of "translation" and I expect others to contribute. Thanks a lot in advance for your contribution. And I think you will get lots of thanks from such researchers.
1.Metonymy as a pragmatic style for politeness in religious texts with reference to translation.
2. Naturalness in translation: advantages and disadvantages.
I need recommendations for a course-book for teaching Manipulative Discourse and CDA to BA level students of Translation.
I'm doing a research in linguistics. the study is on synthetic speech rate, the participants (30) listened to the speech rate at 4 levels (sentences in normal rate, then accelerated at 10%, then 20%,then 30%) each level had 5 recordings which the participants had to evaluate it's speed at 7 point Likert scale.
the aim of the study is to find out if individuals perceive the normal speech rate as slow or not? also what speed rate would they perceive as the "most normal"?
I figured it's a repeated measures since the same participant will listen to all 4 speeds "levels?" of the stimuli. but I couldn't figure out how to run it or how to organize the data in SPSS
please find attached the SPSS file
I am looking for any resources which may be useful in a study I am conducting on the impacts that language may have on our perception of crimes. I will be using headlines which convey a particular crime in a variety of lights; one which may appear to justify the perpetrator's actions, and one which portrays the crime in a neutral, non-biased way. I am looking for sources/previous studies which may back up this idea.
I am working on school reform. The work is not having the full desired effect. I am trying to do my analysis of this subject under the concept of “organizational stroke.”
In your opinion, why we have not obtained the results we want, in the general and specific terms of reform and studies for the school. ?
I'm searching for relevant studies on 'Linguistics Interference' (interference at a lexical level - borrowed words - grammatical interference in terms of word order, use of pronouns ..etc.).
Linguistics Interference from\between English & Arabic.
I need to cross check several words that appear in subtitles of a movie with what is spoken out in a movie - a word in English or Hindi. A list of words in time order is provided. Is there anyone who would have a capacity to help?
If I’m looking at language variation, and expecting a gender difference between ‘style’ and ‘content’, and how does that interact with different meanings of a specific terms used by male or female? i.e. one would be more content-ful than the other?
Could we call published papers from all disciplines as SCIENTIFIC PAPER or just we say it for physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, engineering, medicine or related things whereas linguistics or i.e. history is same?
From the perspective of linguistics in general and sociolinguistics in particular what are the affordances of collaboration between linguists and sociologists?
I am trying to find some websites that list "call for book chapters" in applied linguistics or relevant areas (linguistics, language education, etc.). Can anyone give some suggestions? Thanks.
I am a Postdoc in Linguistics and Communication; and my publication is really thin, so I am wondering if it will be inappropriate to list the following in my CV and publication list:
1) my non-academic book chapter - one about moving to Singapore (I suppose this will prove that migration and cross-cultural topics are my interests)
2) blog articles (some are about language use and PhD life)
What kind of research tools that are suitable to be used in conducting this research topic apart from critical discourse analysis (CDA)
I have a question on a framing effect-like issue. Well, everyone of us has the immediate feeling that there's a huge difference between saying - for instance - "you should respect the environment" and "we should respect the environment", or also "the environment should be respected".
The difference might lie in how such sentences are interpreted by our minds and of course it affects the compliance to the described behavior (i.e., "respect the environment").
I'm convinced that I'm no genius and there must be a huge literature behind such an effect; but I'm not skilled in these themes, so I'm calling for help. Any clues?
P.S.: I know that nudge units and behavioral interventions teams in general promote the "make it personal" magic recipe to increase compliance, but I wonder where such strategies come from. I'm particularly interested in understanding the differences between "you should /we should", that is how grammatical phrasing (i.e., switching the person in the phrase) affects the interpretation and the relative compliance.
thanks in advance for any help
all the best,
Collecting acoustic data during the pandemic faced me with a challenge that I need to overcome. I have to upload some audio files and scripts, and the subjects are required to answer the questions and record their speech to be uploaded. Any information regarding online facilities would be appreciated.