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Our answer is YES. E.g., in RG, I exceeded +260,000 total reads, +14 books, +40 preprints and reports, +140 questions, and +5,000 answers.
Of these, the questions stand out for me, as providing a path to explore. They are the most important research tool, IMO.
Questions can reduce bias, and prepare room for a stronger paper. Knowing a good question, or reading about it, is very important to open new fields.
Now, in RG, questions can be protected from interference, as discussed in https://www.researchgate.net/post/Can_one_end_trolling_in_RG_answers
What is your experience?
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New and old questions are following this new standard in RG, where every opinion is respected, and yet research can be developed.
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What are the potential benefits and drawbacks of using AI-powered attorneys for accused defendants? How can AI technology be utilized to ensure fair and just trials for defendants? How will the implementation of AI technology in legal defense affect the roles and responsibilities of human attorneys?
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Dear Nkoro Ebuka Chinaechetam , I moved your question to ChatGPT as an experiment. As a result, I received the following response from ChatGPT:The potential benefits of using AI-powered attorneys for accused defendants include the ability to quickly and efficiently analyze vast amounts of data, such as case law and statutes, and identify relevant legal arguments and precedents that may be used to defend the accused. Additionally, AI-powered attorneys may be able to provide defendants with access to legal representation who may not have been able to afford it otherwisThe potential drawbacks of using AI-powered attorneys include concerns about the ability of the technology to fully understand and apply the complexities of the law, as well as the potential for bias or lack of empathy in the legal defense.
To ensure fair and just trials for defendants, AI technology can be utilized in conjunction with human attorneys to provide additional information and support, rather than being used to replace human attorneys entirely. Additionally, measures can be taken to ensure that the AI technology is not biased and is programmed to consider all relevant factors in the defense of the accused.
The implementation of AI technology in legal defense may lead to a shift in the roles and responsibilities of human attorneys. Attorneys may need to adapt their skills to include knowledge of AI technology and its use in the legal system, and may need to work closely with AI-powered attorneys to provide the best defense for their clients.
Additionally, human attorneys will still be responsible for providing the personal touch and advocacy that is necessary in the legal system. This includes building a relationship with the client, understanding the client's needs and concerns, and communicating effectively with the client and the court. Human attorneys will also be responsible for making strategic decisions, such as which legal arguments to pursue and whether to accept a plea deal or go to trial.
Another important aspect to consider is the ethical implications of using AI-powered attorneys. One of the main concerns is that AI-powered attorneys may not be able to provide the same level of empathy and understanding that human attorneys can. Additionally, there may be concerns about the accountability of AI-powered attorneys if something goes wrong. These ethical concerns must be addressed to ensure that the use of AI-powered attorneys does not compromise the rights and fair treatment of defendants.
Overall, the use of AI-powered attorneys in legal defense can bring many benefits, but it is important to ensure that the technology is used in a responsible and ethical manner, and that human attorneys continue to play a critical role in the legal system.
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Hi frds,
As the Biological Weapons Convention made it very successfully into the supranational codification system, wondering if it is feasible to implement something similar into the civil/common code from a legal point of view?
How has the "Preussische Landrecht" or "Straftrecht" handled the Spanish Flu? Which impact had the Cholera epidemic on Common law until now?
Cherish your feedback.
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Dear colleagues at University of Life:
There are two different ways to make a criminal law actionable by private citizens: one is to create a parallel law that identifies harms to private parties and then gives them standing to go to court and the other is to give citizens direct enforcement power of a public law through different mechanisms. Here, I think you should focus on the second approach which is more powerful and can work for every public law including criminal laws, and that could also work for international treaties. I'll just offer you a general overview of both approaches.
1) Creating a civil law: To turn a criminal law into a civil law, identify the specific harms (here, death to people and destruction of eco-systems after the fact and potential in expenses on protection), identify the specific individuals and "classes of individuals" who would be harmed and hold an interest [this is expanding in areas of environmental law to the young and future generations and could include foreign countries that are threatened] and then give them "standing" in courts as well as state the remedies, that could include financial AND specific enforcement/injunction that forces government or private actors to take specific actions [which should apply here and could include public inspections]. These can be "class actions" as well as individual cases and could also include governments and municipalities as the plaintiffs with the right to sue in specific levels of courts.
2) Make a public law enforceable by giving more power to the public to act when government actors won't or don't. There are two historical mechanisms to do this: (a) "Private rights of action"/ "Private attorney general mechanisms" that give members of the public the right to bring a case on behalf of the public, and (b) Writ of mandamus [which allows individuals to sue government and to demand that government act to enforce a specific law when they do not]. In the U.S. and some countries, you can also theoretically bring a case to enforce an existing constitutional right by suing a government agency on the claim that their inaction is in violation of a constitutional right. Since some countries define a "right to life" and others have rights to property and "due process", these are existing ways that can already be used to try to compel enforcement of a law or treaty, that would apply here.
As always, however, the existence of the law may be meaningless if no one can afford to bring the case or if the courts are designed or judges are selected to eliminate such cases.
Thanks for the forum to put these ideas on the Internet. Most law schools and universities do not even teach what I have just written above and it is difficult to find it in print other than in some areas of "victim's rights" today for victims of individual crimes, rather than for crimes like those dealt with in treaties by governments and major institutional actors.
David Lempert, Ph.D., J.D., M.B.A., E.D. (Hon.)
Member, California Bar
Visiting Scholar, Humboldt University of Berlin
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1. Termination of faculty member from the university
2. Cancellation of membership from all the professional bodies (CoA, ITPI, IIA, etc)
3. Legal action as per IPC, 1860
4. Any other (please specify)
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An institutional disciplinary inquiry should be instituted against the member. Disciplinary steps should then follow.
Where the contravention is a breach of the Constitution, such should be referred to the criminal and constitutional court.
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I like to do my Ph.D in mechanical engineering. My first option is Deemed to be University in India. And the Deemed to be university is approved by the University grands commission.
But some people are telling, studying in Deemed to be university is not valid. And telling you are not able to get a job in foreign countties.
Please clarify my doubt.
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Nekin Joshua Nekin, To each of the above I'll add the school, the prestige of the name and faculty, the stories from friends----the willingness of an employer tom hire you (I'm in the US) is less important than you. Show up everyday willing to study the parts of mech-engineering and learn how to think of them as a whole. Be willing to engage with others students. In my experience, you'll learn more asking what engineering is and what did the teacher mean. In essence together you describe what your ideas are for tomorrow vs a teacher telling you what know from before. Specific to engineering I recommend (I prefer your hands-but thats me) making things. Its a good way to learn how to imagine, solve problems and to offering innovative engineering solutions to a future employer.
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Dear Friends,
I am in a very weird situation . I have received a feedback from a good journal from Elsevier that they will publish my paper if the similarities of my paper with another published article is corrected. I checked and found out that my paper has been published in a journal called International Journal of Finance, Insurance and Risk Management which I have never heard of. I remember when I first submitted my paper to Elsevier, they asked if I am interested to show my work in SSRN journal format. I think that where my article is stolen by this thief https://journalfirm.com/
What should I do? My Uni is considering taking a serious legal action against the editor.
Cheers,
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I have never heard such kind things in the first place. I am sorry that I have to tell you the fact. It is better for you, but I am not sure if you like it or heat it, but this is a fact. My advice is this you accept the offer and move on. Of course, that is not easy because changing the similarities only of the whole paper will not satisfy the paper publication process. You have to do much more than that, including modifying the title, the empirical results, and so on, but you do not have any other option. Pursuing the issue legally through your institution or yourself will not finally benefit you because you had already agreed to show your work in SSRN journal format. They did not force you; they only asked. You had the right to say no. Therefore, my advice for you is to follow every step they need from you and get your paper published. Then due to the circumstance surrounding the issue, maybe they will give you a discount or publish your article free of charge and faster. Otherwise, you will spend your time. I am sorry, but this is a fact.
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Can someone explain me how service such as https://haveibeenpwned.com/ operate and what are the legal requirements to run those kind of services?
I am based in Europe so the question is regarding to the GDPR rules.
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If someone is granted with utility model can he/she claim it to be granted a Patent?
Is it legally acceptable?
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It would depend on the jurisdiction because patents are national rights as are utility models. Many countries don't have utility models and there are some which have what are called "petty patents" which are like utility models. I am only qualified to advise on UK law (and it would be a criminal offense under the UK Patent Act to mark a product so as to claim to have a UK patent if you didn't have a UK patent), but the rule of thumb for every jurisdiction must be to act honestly and reasonably. So if you have a German Utility Model then say you have a German Utility Model, if you have an Indian Patent Application, then claim you have an Indian Patent Application, etc etc
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I would like to install the TSL OIM Analysis software but I cannot find the files at EDAX website.
I have already a legal license, a USB dongle, but I want to reinstall it in a new computer but the installation disk are missing.
Does anyone have the disks? Someone of you knows where can I download them?
Thanks.
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You can contact EDAX support on edax-europe.support@ametek.com; they will get back to you with a link to download the software.
All the best
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A colleague of mine was acting as a supervisor of an MSc student passed away after the student had gone halfway on the thesis. As a replacing supervisor, I worked with the student till he got his master degree.
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I, too, believe it is reasonable to do this and is totally legal. Some journals are able to make it quite clear that a certain author has passed away with a special notation (with a special symbol or a footnote). It differs from one journal to another about what they do exactly to recognise that person.
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I'm a novice in a legal science, but I have some projects I'd like to publish, but I don't where it's better to do this. Most of my articles have 6-8 pages and they touch upon various issues of civil and public law (generally it's constitutional and international public law, not criminal). Sincerely and hopefully waiting for your responses.
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contact me to write scopus journal together
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I am doing a PhD research project at the Universiti Malaya. The main objective of my study is to give a deeper understanding of the context or factors that influence the documented (legal) foreign workers (Bangladeshi) moving toward undocumented. I want the syndromes of the said problem and explain the causes with a theoretical basis.
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Thank you for sharing this interesting work . however it is out of my field !!!
Good luck with your research !!! best regards.
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Pls see the Intro to this.
Should not we make the ethical behavior re the academic affairs, esp. in relation to publication, a legal necessity? And should not we start guarding the guardians? Wherever this is possible?
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It is an academic news market in which all universities are involved by locations and fundraising, while scientific work is relegated to what the big publishers dictate. We have a lot to walk in quality science for everyone and above all within everyone's reach.
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For a study that I intend to make a country-based comparison of the legal regulations on the protection of agricultural lands, I examined three examples from Turkey, Germany, and United Kingdom, but I would like to extend these examples.
I'm also quite curious about examples from developing countries that continue this process with a variety of policies and regulations would be great.
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Protection of agricultural land in China relies more on government control than on legal regulation. In general, rule of law is much weaker than political control in China. So, if you want to study cases from developing countries, you need to go beyond legal regulations. Political control, clan, customs, etc. are very important in those countries.
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Hello!
i want to write a review article and in these kinds of articles you read so many articles and extract important parts of them and then you bring it in your paper and of course you mention the refrences . Is it safe, legal and OK to use rewrite websites for writing a review article and wont be a problem in future?
Thanks a lot
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Dear Prof. Saeed Kianfar & all the honorable researchers,
Plagiarism is a common problem facing almost all professors. This respected portal (i.e. RG) defines plagiarism as:
The term “plagiarism” has different meanings, but it usually includes copying somebody else’s work without permission.
On the other side, self-plagiarism is when the author republishes portions of his/her own previously written research work while authoring a new work.
I may be somewhat old-fashioned, but please have a look at the following golden principles on how to avoid plagiarism in academic writing, especially Self-Plagiarism:
  1. Never use the "Copy-Paste" trend: Use your own words instead of copying and pasting the text verbatim from others (i.e. reference papers). On the other hand, I don't trust using the rewrite-websites to rephrase the text of other research articles. I only trust my own rephrasing. Needless to say that if you are using your own words, then there is no chance of plagiarism accusing. Try to paraphrase your content as much as you could.
  2. Never repeat yourself: There are many re-published articles that are slightly or even considerably modified, and still not changed!
  3. If you have co-authors, just trust your words!
  4. If you use your own words, there should be no plagiarism issue. In turn, there is no need for the tools of plagiarism checking. Since there is no guarantee that the original content of your manuscript might not be copied and sold to others before it is published by you, I discourage using any free-software checkers for plagiarism; some of them are betrayers. Despite that offline ones are rare and if you are insisting to use anti-plagiarism software, offline checker programs are safer than online ones. On the other side and in case you are again insisting to use anti-plagiarism check, the process should be carried out for the entire research work, literature reviews, for instance, are not an exception.
  5. In some cases, you can paraphrase the sentences (اعادة صياغة الجملة) in the original document. But don't forget to cite the reference.
  6. You must always insist on honesty. Furthermore, you have to always remember that there should be a new added value.
  7. You must always insist on doing real research, not "Wikipedia" research.
  8. Do not put any of your research work anywhere until it is published and tagged with your name. Please wait until the paper is accepted and then published in that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  9. In my opinion, most of the free-software-checkers for plagiarism don't work effectively. Unfortunately, you have to pay for the sake of getting good results.
  10. Despite that offline ones are rare and if you are insisting to use anti-plagiarism software, offline checker programs are safer than online ones.
  11. Try to develop your own style for the text writing.
  12. You should be should beware of storing your document in any portal that is used as free software checker for any language.
  13. Try to read as much scientific literature as possible, especially in your own research field area.
  14. Don't forget to cite your Sources: Identify what is needed and what is not needed to be cited. If you refer to any material, including images and data, you should be clear and define the source. Because images are treated as data in the case of citation, you should refer to any taken image and cite it in the references whether it has been copied from the social media image or a research article. By the way, please do not forget that "A picture is worth a thousand words"!
  15. A reminder for all respected researchers: In order to maintain research integrity, plagiarism (الاستلال) has to be given up. However, many people do not know whether they are committing plagiarism intentionally or unintentionally. How we can be more concerned about this issue?
Now, I think that the above-mentioned rules are helping in setting boundaries to avoid plagiarism in general, and self-plagiarism in special.
Finally, believe me, or not: If you make one plagiarizing, you may solve one problem and fall into many others where some of which may be described as a knockout. Again and again, please always remember that if there were accusations of plagiarism, it is not well for any researcher's reputation, in any meaning.
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I'm not entirely certain how this "Start a discussion" feature works, but I'll give it a shot anyways.
I can't be the only one experiencing a co-author paraphrasing all my work so that person can maintain complete control over the publishing process. Some have said this issue happens often at the graduate level but never at the undergraduate level. I'm a non-traditional 40-something year old student who has extensive experience with civil rights and so I'm particularly sensitive to people trying to pull a fast-one on me.
In this case, the professor glitched a few times which had me researching copyrights and IP laws a long time ago. However, I waited until after graduation to raise the issue because the university has a history of retaliation when people express concerns of possible civil rights violations. The corruption runs deep at this particular institution, which bases most of its decisions on their intentional lack of policies and procedures addressing fundamental rights such as free speech and intellectual property. In other words, they remain silent on key issues in order to have as much lateral discretion as possible when making critical decisions even when those decisions are inconsistent with both laws and ethics and could potentially ruin a student's entire academic career.
One of the biggest red flags I noticed early on was the professor neglected to go over the section in our textbook that addresses authorship order and publishing rights in the chapter titled "Research Ethics."
I think my mistake was taking for granted that I viewed this entire project as my own because it was based almost entirely on my research into safe consumption sites. The experimental design, methodologies, protocols, and procedures were created by myself during her class in "Research Methods" as graded assignments. It was, and always has been, my original ideas and content from the very beginning; it just never occurred to me that this professor could, or would, even try to scrub me out like this. I trusted this person and considered her a friend and mentor!
Looking back, I cannot remember even a single instance where we had this conversation despite it being a core principle of the American Psychology Association Code of Ethics. The professor is a licensed psychologist and my degree was in psychology so you'd think that would have been something we should have covered at least once. Right?
Has anyone else experienced issues similar to this? How did you handle it? What should I do, or have done, to prevent this from becoming an issue?
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I find the following important note on the Wikipedia:
"A study found that over half of the uploaded papers appear to infringe copyright because the authors uploaded the publisher's version."
To see this note, you can refer to the following link
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Bangladesh doesn't have informative website's on legal subjects. I wants to change the trend, and bring some modernization with my creative knowledge. If someone interested to work with me, for this project please add your discussion here.
I have already worked on several legal websites for Canada, and USA as a content writer. Hopefully, my experience will be great positive for the project. Now, please provide your important suggestions.
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It is a good idea to be a pacesetter. Just try and be open-minded to it and the world at large, make request for contributions from people across the globe inform of articles, book review, journals and other publications that will add up to the contributors' promotions.
Best wishes
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Hi..
1- Can anyone use the procedure of a patent in his research work as it is, while it is not the major concern in his work? or he should develop it or modify it slightly? .. Otherwise, if it is not legal to use the patent procedure how can I use a procedure to something I do not have any reference to it?
2-If it is legal, then how can I cite a patent of a Chinese researcher?.. His name in Chinese!!
Please, I need the answer as soon as possible, it is urgent.
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"If it is legal, then how can I cite a patent of a Chinese researcher?.. His name in Chinese!!"
Google patents usually has Chinese patents. These are translated from Chinese to English. Also, the names that are written in Chinese can be included in references using BibTeX. Take a look at:
Hope this helps
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Oleksii Kostenko The Metaverse AI has emerged as one of the most hotly debated subjects in technology and socioeconomics. The function of AI in the Metaverse entails mixing numerous technologies such as virtual reality, 3D animation, and blockchain, and many firms are already working on developing services for this new digital environment.
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Invitation to be a country co author for a manuscript titled: Child dental neglect and the legal protection of the child
Contributing authors are required to write a brief country report of not more than 500 words, describing the oral health profile of children and adolescents in the country, ease of access to oral health care and legal instrument administrable for the prevention or criminalisation of child dental neglect in the country.
If you are interested in writing on a country profile, please contact me through my email address toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk
The following countries already have lead country authors: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Tanzania, Libya, Jordan, Iran, Yemen, New Zealand and Somalia.
Looking forward to your mail
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan
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I am interested
Email ID
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I and my colleauge prepare a paper about the menstrual leave. We are lawyer, and we will focus on the legal questions at first. We will research the other question as well at second. We would like to ask the researcher from the RG community, that share the experince with us. We know, that in some country have practice. If somone has information about it, ask share with us.
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Menstrual-related symptoms vary from person to person. While some women cruise through their monthly cycle, others – particularly those with conditions like endometriosis or premenstrual dysphoric disorder; experience a range of taxing side-effects. A menstrual-leave policies give employees, who might otherwise deny or internalise their suffering, a direct, employer-endorsed pathway to rest.
The idea of introducing these policies is spreading in some countries that haven’t traditionally offered support for menstruating employees. However, increasing interest in menstrual leave is also tied up in broader cultural shifts around reproductive health. Menstrual leave policies are widely perceived as expensive, however, particularly by critics of these schemes, who often cite employer costs, incurred when paying people who are on leave, as reason to disregard them. If menstrual-leave policies are implemented, workers have to feel like they’re in a culturally permissive-enough environment to take advantage of those policies. The right to paid menstrual leave would mean that women from a vast array of socioeconomic classes would be afforded the opportunity to take leave.
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In the legal field of custody pending deportation (Abschiebungshaft) in the Federal Republic of Germany, errors happen more frequently in the lower instance, the district court. Above all, it is procedural errors that lead to decisions later being found to be unlawful, for example, a lawyer who can be seen from the files is not contacted or there is insufficient language mediation. In terms of reasons for this, the lack of time and the density of court proceedings are often put forward first, leading to a lower qualitative examination. In the same way, legal ignorance can sometimes be observed in the legal field of custody pending deportation.
I am interested in whether there are other areas of law in which similar errors can be identified at the lowest level? In other words, procedural errors that happen again and again.
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Are there any instructive and recommendable studies about the preunderstanding of a judge?
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Does anyone know how I am able to get online access to malingering assessments, especially the inventory of legal knowledge or The M-FAST? Thank you
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I don’t believe the publishers have made those particular measures available in an online format
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When an author publish a completely popular article in a newspaper, the author is recieving a payment. In many scientific journals, of course, the author does not receive payment and, on top of that, has to pay for the publication himself. Can copyright legal experts agree with this? This is by my opinion Very far far away from open science. Many authors are not having the financial support of different institutions.
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Karl Petrič : I agree that open access is very important for science, but the problem cannot be solved with laws - one has to provide funds for this. According to https://www.springernature.com/gp/open-research/funding, there are more than 350 open access article processing charge (APC) funds available to researchers worldwide. E.g., in Germany the largest research funding organization supports open access: https://www.dfg.de/en/research_funding/programmes/infrastructure/lis/open_access/index.html
Open science is more than open access publication, but this is another question: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_science
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Good evening,
we keep a lot of papers from early research, including consent forms, ethical approvals, detailed protocols, filled in (anonymized) questionnaires, and elicitation materials. Some of these refer to 2012-2014 years, results are published in 2014-2015. Now the universities usually keep these things, but it was not always the case with PhD projects and guest visits. Given that my early research was done on individual fellowship, as a guest or a PhD student, the ethical approvals and consent forms are kept on file by me, not by the university. There are plenty of these consent forms, approvals and files submitted to ethical boards to get the approvals, other currently useless materials.
How long should these papers be kept before I can trash them (it was not specified how long these files will be kept in the ethical approval request forms that I submitted many years ago, I re-read these requests because I also keep them)? Is there specific legal rules for this? Does it differ from country to country? I want to trash these things, given they are heavy, take a lot of space, and we are moving house. Is it ok or should I keep it longer?
Again, this is not data that someone can re-use, Iam talking about records of ethical requests/approvals/consent forms and about individual questionnaires that are not sharable with and useless to others.
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Hi Beatrice,
My data (real data) is safe, and it is public, and it was even used by two other research teams. And that is all digitized, no problem with keeping the data on the repositories. What about beurocratic papers, like ethical approvals.
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This question relates to assessing of scientific interest in researching changes in Ukrainian public administration framework during the ongoing martial status.
In particular, I'm looking for co-authors who are interested in the topic. Potentially, the research may be devoted to analyse of the following issues:
- public administration legal framework during martial status in Ukraine;
- changes in the legal status of public authorities at national and local level;
- changes in status of local communities during martial status in Ukraine;
- the role and functions of civil society organizations and volunteers during the establishment of martial status.
If you are interested in the above topic or may propose your ideas please provide your opinion.
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Thank you, Ivaylo! You provided an incredible example of well structured research that may be used as a baseline. Is there any opportunity to observe digital copy of the book?
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More specifically, I wish to understand how Palestinians' language rights exist within the Israeli legal framework applying to them within the occupied territories of West Bank. The lack of public information also make it difficult to access what sort of laws apply to Palestinian civilians within these territories - if any literature or official sources of law are provided, it would be extremely helpful.
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كنت اتمنى الإجابة
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There are biological, ethical, legal and personal factors influence the treatment decisions of pregnancy associated breast cancer, but, which one is the most important factor?
1. What is the most important factor influencing the treatment of pregnancy associated breast cancer?
2. What are examples of personal factors (religion, family, personal beliefs) that could influence treatment when dealing with these cases?
3. Who do you believe has the right to make the final decision about the treatment the pregnant woman with breast cancer is going to receive?
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In my opinion informed patient decision would be the most important thing.
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What are the differences between the international legal rule and the international legal principle?
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Alsalam alekom
If we disregard the term (international) and want to know the difference between legal rules and legal principles, then we say: rules are singular as a rule, and they are what others are built upon. It is based on a set of rules as in the principle (no harm), according to which a set of rules working in various branches of law was established, and it seems that the relationship between principles and rules is a general and specific relationship, as the principle is more general and the rule is more specific.
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This research is based primarily on the context of the business sector in Thailand; the country is a developing country; hence, there is a need to be cognizant of the factors driving foreign business investment in Thailand. Additionally, the question seeks to familiarize with the legal peculiarities involved in foreign business investment.
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how to allow adjusted foreign currency in to domestic currency based on the future exchange
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I am looking for legal models to determine the place of taxation and the procedure of debt registration.
Thank you!
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Very interesting topic, and would like to hear about your progress on it.There are research out there on whether data is a good or service, which could then lead to analyzing a taxation model based on data. I wonder whether the metaverse could be taxed in the traditional sense based on income and VAT. Another question would be the tax jurisdiction. Would this be based on the location of the metaverse platform, or the activity of the metaverse user? All very interesting.
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Doubtful financial transactions are transactions carried out by customers of credit institutions that are unusual in nature and have signs of a lack of clear economic sense and obvious legitimate purposes. A burning problem of the Russian economy is the large-scale processes for the legalization of funds obtained illegally, which became possible to some extent due to the low control of cash flows.
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I am doing some research and writing papers regarding Digital Business from the side of Information systems, customer behaviors, digital marketing, legal, etc. I am interested in having co-authors from outside Indonesia to give some unique, innovative, and different perspectives. A back-to-back co-author is also available.
Please feel free to reply or give any opinion regarding Digital Business research topics.
Regards,
Dr. Erwin Halim, MBA.
Bina Nusantara (Binus) University - Indonesia
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Привет. Готов поучавствовать в проекте!
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Some scholars argue that the notion of customary law as a source of international law
is questionable on the premise that customary law is broad and vague, hence its obscurity is
discrepant with the principle of legality requiring specificity and legal certainty, whilst some allude that general principles buttress the basis of any legal relationship as no rules
can function properly in the absence of such principles. This question seeks to find out how influential has been customary law and general principles influential in the development of International Criminal Law.
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Law is a set of legal rules that regulate the life of society
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Righteousness and Justice are common buzzwords often used interchangeably that we use in the present data-driven world and without knowing what exactly it mean. The current world has Courts of Justice as part of the legal system. As many or most use the said terms inappropriately and in a meaningless way, and being even the most bright scholars and pundits have only vague ideas about it, let us have a discussion about "What is Righteousness? and how it differ from Justice?", to bring out the real meaning of "Righteousness" and to bring about a righteous society.
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Law is a set of legal rules that regulate the life of society
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Forensic medicine research and experimentation are hampered by legal and ethical issues such as "consent." A forensic autopsy surgeon who is authorised to collect biological samples during autopsies. Is it necessary to obtain written directives or consent from deceased family members before conducting future research projects on such samples?
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In my view, it depends on what type of experiment you want to do. If you want organ transplantation or conduct a DNA fingerprint then consent will be required. For example, Section 45 of Britain states that it is an offense to possess without appropriate consent any human bodily material with the intent of analyzing its DNA. There are some exceptions when obtaining consent is not practicable.
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In September 2021, El Salvador adopted Bitcoin, the largest cryptocurrency, as legal tender. The highly volatile Bitcoin token, based on decentralized ledger technology, has been declared the national currency, parallel to the current legal tender in El Salvador - the U.S. dollar. Authorities have launched a mobile app called Chivo Wallet, enabling citizens to send and receive BTC, convert BTC into USD and withdraw USD from special ATMs. Will this move lead to greater financial inclusion, especially for the still fairly large portion of El Salvador's population that does not have bank accounts? Or is it rather a very risky project leading to financial instability in the Salvadoran economy?
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I believe that the main advantages of the Bitcoin Act are the reduction of fees for sending remittances from the US and that it will encourage financial inclusion (the use of a smartphone is broader than banking services) and innovation in this sector. However, there is a great macroeconomic risk because it may hinder negotiations with the IMF and the high volatility generates uncertainty and problems of economic calculation, but the problem, in my opinion, is articles 7 and 13, which establish the forced course of this digital asset. On the other hand, the trust fund that has been created with public resources could be emptied if bitcoin depreciates (although I don't think this will happen) and economic agents exchange their bitcoins for dollars.
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Wyoming recently recognized a new legal entity called a DAO LLC, or a decentralized algorithmic organization, which can be managed by an algorithm. The Wyoming law is largely silent on the legal requirements for the algorithm manager and its design, features, or policies. Any suggestion?
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Interesting question but it is away from my field
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Hi everyone.
I have recently been conducting a rapid evidence assessment on the use of the offence paralleling behaviour (OPB) framework as a means of predicting future behaviour and informing risk assessment.
The end result of this was that after sorting through upwards of a thousand studies, there only appeared to be two which empirically investigated OPB as a way of making predictions for future behaviour. One of which included five participants and the other which was done retrospectively with 31, both within secure mental health settings.
I suppose the purpose of this discussion is to:
1. check that I'm not completely oblivious and missing pools of available evidence
2. question whether OPBs are a concept which have sufficient empirical support to be used within forensic settings as proxy measures of ongoing risk.
Any input would be greatly appreciated and I've included references to the two studies below.
Kind regards,
James
"Daffern, M., Howells, K., Mannion, A., & Tonkin, M. (2009). A test of methodology intended to assist detection of aggressive offence paralleling behaviour within secure settings. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 14(2), 213-226.
Kadra, G., Daffern, M., & Campbell, C. (2014). Detecting offence paralleling behaviours in a medium secure psychiatric unit. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 19(1), 147-159. "
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w mojej skromnej ocenie na gruncie kryminalistyki nie potwierdzą koncepcji. Na gruncie kryminologii - tylko jako prawdopodobieństwo.
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Does Norway have some national laws limiting the BAC levels considered "legal" or "acceptable" for driving?
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I want to know the legal aspect of the use of cell phone jammers in Sri Lanka.
If there is restrictions, what are the possible workarounds?
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Being based in SL and in the close protection industry I can assure you it's against the law in the country (as in most states around the world).
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In practice, Social Work acts from different professional perspectives. For example, the legal case perspective must be methodically related to other case perspectives such as anamnesis and diagnosis within the framework of casework, ideally in a concrete way and with appropriate methodological awareness. It would be conceivable, for example, to subject the results of an introductory anamnesis and diagnosis to subsequent legal monitoring.
Are there scientific concepts or legal requirements for this methodological challenge in your country? Or do you tend to leave the meaningful linking of different case perspectives to the professional actors? What seems to make sense to you?
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For example Social workers to help solve the vulnerability problems of families
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Some judgements in politically sensitive cases have been followed by violence, looting and anarchy in the wider society. Many human lives and property worth billions of dollars are often lost in the ensuing mayhem. Should the social ramifications of incarcerating influential politicians be taken into account? If so, where does that leave the rule of law? Is the rule of law above all possible considerations?
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In Indian law - It is totally fabricated to make illegal merits to completely legal . Indian law is not made for justice but only to support criminal activities to make lawfull . Money is fighting in higher courts instead of justice !
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How can Malaysian organisation ensure that competitive intelligence practices are legal and ethical ?
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Sometimes when people talk about competitive intelligence (CI) gathering they use terms like “spying” that can feel legally and ethically iffy. In actuality, most competitive intelligence strategies are a normal and expected part of running a business thoughtfully. But some cross a line into territory that could get you into legal hot water.
To avoid that, you need to understand the legality of competitive intelligence strategies—what kind of information gathering practices are OK, and which to avoid.
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150 apoios no site do Senado Federal para a Fotografia Forense como disciplina da Ciência Forense Brasileira.
A votação segue até 26 de março de 2019. São necessários 20 mil apoios para que a ideia legislativa seja discutida entre os senadores.
O trabalho foi publicado na #RevistaBrasileiradeCriminalística #RBC e apresentado na #InterForensics2017.
"#Segurança é #bemcomum e #responsabilidadedetodos."
Apoie a #FotografiaForense como disciplina da #CiênciaForenseBrasileira. 🙏
A fotografia precisa de representação legal em auxílio à justiça.
O link de votação é este 👍https://www12.senado.leg.br/ecidadania/visualizacaoideia?id=116847
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As in Cuba, Forensic Photography is developed as a discipline and it is taught from the Law career
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Traditionally, the databases dedicated to the recording of electronic medical records (EMR) have been monolithic, centralized and isolated. The evolution of data architectures and their distributed location in the Cloud, motivate us to consider them as an excellent option for timely and secure access; however, we wonder what legal implications this suggested scenario might have. Generally, EMR information is treated with great caution, reserve and even fear of the legal consequences of potential lawsuits that doctors and health centers may suffer for disclosing health information belonging to patients or for mishandling it.
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GraphQL is a query language created by Facebook for modern web and mobile applications as an alternative to REST APIs. While working on the 2.8 release of our NoSQL database we experimented with GraphQL and published an ArangoDB-compatible wrapper for GraphQL
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Much has been said and written about microgrid, but there is still no clarity on what the business model and the legal framework that make them viable should be. Within this new scenario, what will be the role of distribution companies ?.
Certainly, we are in a technological, political and economic environment that demands innovative solutions. I would like to start a collaborative discussion on this subject, with the aim of sharing the views of researchers from different places in the world.
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Thanks for the comments. This is an extremely current and relevant topic.
In principle, it seems that when there is a "single owner", microgrids can be better inserted (technically, economically and socially). For example, university campuses, industrial centers, etc.
When we look at residential condominiums and multi-user areas, the task is not easy. First, because of the different points of view regarding energy pricing. In theory, microgrids provide 'better quality energy'. Therefore, consumers willing to pay for this quality are needed.
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I am looking for Dutch/Belgian literature on the phenomenon of 'parental alienation' with a view to comparing the legal remedies available in The Netherlands/Belgium as compared to South Africa.
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Interesante tema, éxitos
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Nanoproduction is impossible without serious legal support and regulation in the field of nanotechnology: protection of human life and health, environmental safety, medical conditions and indicators, etc.
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Good question Teymur Zulfugarzade
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The South Asian legal systems are still bearing colonial heritage of the British Indian empire inside its important laws. Basic laws in the field of evidence law, civil procedure, criminal procedure, penal law, contract law, personal law and so many other fields. Larger portion of these legislations are based on either the principles of Roman Law, Common law.
Most of these outdated and socially irrelevant laws are causing severe damage to the judicial systems and the societies. Complex laws are creating case-backlogs, laws with socially irrelevant remedy and lack of deterrance in punishments are creating social disorder.
Moreover, from a jurisprudential perspective, we can not expect a portion of victorian age legal system to be applied into some modern heterogenous societies having high opportunity of socio-economic prosperity.
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Altough my opinion can not be but an external point of view, because I am not immersed in the culture of the South Asian countries, nor have I had experienced their history, I agree what Montserrat Gas-Aixendri wrote: «The changes should depend more on the fact that the laws are not adequate to reality, than on whether they come from a colonial government».
In Latin America, where I live and work, even when some figures (still on force) descends clearely from Roman Law, our legal systems were not precisely inherited from those ruling in the times of european empire's domination, but imported from codes, institutions and political arrangements conceived under the strong influence of liberal ideals, also brought from Europe in the times of French Revolution and intensfied with the example given by the United States' Independence. Probably, we could regard them as colonial inheritance, but they have been well assimilated in our political culture and our legal thinking.
Nowadays, after two centuries, the same basic constructs support our normative frame and, even in the recognizion of the several ammendements operated time by time, globalization is impelling us to equate legal figures and procedures to those existent in developed countries, in order to attract business and investments. So, I think, there is a worldwide phenomenon concerning legislation: its tendency to be homologated.
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How does one explain the fact that this concept often varies within jurisdiction even outside the jurisdiction but in the same context yet similar matter?
When a concept is so wounded by inherent ambiguity or open to primary arbitrariness how can that term as a legal device pass the test of consistency and precision of HLA Hart and Joseph Raz?
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Each judicial environment has competence and requires legal standing for parties who will fight for justice. In Indonesia, apart from the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court, there are several jurisdictions under the Supreme Court, namely: general courts, religious courts, military courts, and state administrative courts. GENERAL JURISDICT competence has the authority to adjudicate criminal cases and civil (private) cases. The prosecutor in a criminal case in a general court is a prosecutor. Meanwhile, the parties to a case in a civil (private) case are the parties, namely one of the "Defendants" and the other party is the "Plaintiff". So, the party who has the legal standing to sue in a civil case is the party whose rights and interests have been impaired by another party (the Defendant who committed default). In the religious court, cases handled by judges are cases of distribution of inheritance and cases of divorce which specifically apply to Muslims. Example; wife sued her husband for divorce. Then, in military courts, judges try members of the military who have committed criminal offenses. The prosecutors were also from the military. Furthermore, in the state administrative court, the judge handles the lawsuit of the state administration official who issues the decision (beshikking). So, each judicial institution, each has absolute competence, and the parties in a case also differ in legal standing.
Apart from general courts, religious courts, military courts, and state administrative courts, in Indonesia there are also special courts that are ad-hoc in nature, and have separate competences, such as tax courts, labor courts, ethical courts (especially for election administrators who violate ethics. ). The institution that resolves it is the Election Organizer Honorary Council.
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Many business companies in internet marketing collect and analyze comments, posts, entries, etc. from social media portals.
It is also done by some financial institutions, banks acquiring additional information about potential borrowers and insurance companies against possible conclusion of insurance contract. Commercially operating companies and financial institutions operate in this area on the border of the law on the protection of personal data.
Until this type of acquisition of information about potential customers is legally regulated, then commercially operating companies and financial institutions will conduct such activity. In addition, the issue of the security of this type of data about users of social media portals is of particular importance, as there have been effective cybercriminal attacks that resulted in the theft of personal data of users of social media portals.
I invite you to the discussion
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It happens that commercial banks, when verifying the creditworthiness of a potential borrower, view customer profiles on social networks, treating the information on these profiles as an additional source of customer data. Are such banking practices ethical in terms of business?
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Unethical practices in business constitute a negative aspect of business processes and often generate additional costs for contractors and consumers. On the other hand, the scale of the gray market in the national economy is often correlated with the level of fiscal burdens and the quality of legal regulations regarding the commencement of business activities.
The high share of shadow economy in various branches of the national economy is also lower income from taxes and fees to the central state budget and to local budgets of local government units.
High fiscal burdens and imprecisely formulated legal regulations regarding running a business activity apart from generating a high level of gray economy in the economy may also be a source of unethical practices used in business between contractors or between producers and suppliers of products and services and consumers.
The large scale of the shadow economy in the national economy and the applied unethical practices in business is one of the key factors in the imperfections of the country's economic system.
According to the above, the current question is: Does the scale of occurrence of unethical practices in business correlate with the size of the shadow economy in national economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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In my opinion, the use of unethical practices in business, failure to apply the principles of business ethics, failure to apply the principles of corporate social responsibility may be significantly correlated with the scale of the development of the shadow economy in individual industries and sectors of the economy.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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There are numerous examples and possibilities of natural medicine in the successful treatment of many chronic diseases of today's people, for which modern medicine has not found a reliable solution, i.e. a way to cure it. Legal restrictions on the application of natural medicine methods in official medical practice, or insufficient knowledge of its methods, contribute to a large number of patients with the most severe consequences for their outcome in many human communities around the world.
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Some unconventional therapies can help some people improve quickly this occurs with alternative medicine, which is increasingly used every day
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I am conducting a research Thesis at the Durban University of Technology, my study is : Perception of rural fishers in coastal communities on the legalization of small scale fishing rights in Kwa-zulu Natal (South Africa)
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Recently, FAO formulated a perspective of small-scale fisheries, I recommend you review
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Nigeria is a federal-state but the policing system is decentralised. This entails that state governors do not have much role to play in policing their respective states. Hence, the quest to examine the system of policing in other federal states to juxtapose it with what is obtainable in Nigeria with the view to strengthen the policing institution in terms of efficiency and effective policing.
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Brazil is a tipical example of a federal-state with policing system decentralised. There are 26 states plus the Federal District (like Washington, D.C.) each one with its civil police (as judiciary police that makes the investigations and sends the findings to the state attorney that will offer (or not) the case to the state jurisdiction). But Brazil also has an Federal Policy wich makes the investigations about subjects affected to the Union (federal level) as international trafficking in drugs, arms and people, but also is the migration agency, the border police and some other roles (unfortunely the federal police site -- https://www.gov.br/pf/ --- is under reconstruction and there's no page in English available).
Recently (the last 10 years) Brazil had experienced some effort to integrate the criminal databases of the state polices (including the federal police).
On the other hand, each of the 26 states (plus the Federal District) of Brazil has a militarized police entrusted to law enforcement (known as the military of the state governors during the military dictatorship period (1964-1985)). Please note that Brazil has Criminal, Civil and Processual (crime and civil) Codes established as federal laws -- national abrangency. This give some uniformity between the courts of 1st and 2nd level of the states (and there are also the federal courts of 1st and 2nd level), whose cases could be appealed to a federal superior court (https://international.stj.jus.br/en ; that differs from the Constitutional Court).
With this brief note my intention is to empathize the implications to the police organisation: (i) the alignment between the cultural and legal tradition (Civil or Common law); (ii) the degree of law uniformity between the federal units; (iii) the fonts of revenue and degree of liberty in the budget destination (a subject not mentioned above that renders another brick).
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Hello, I am wondering whether there is any legal regulation about the duration of the non-compete agreement between influencers and advertisers or not. It is well-known that It is not uncommon for an influencer to work with other companies. Some companies may offer the same or similar products or services. It is crucial for the parties to discuss the exclusivity. If the company requires the influencer to be exclusive, they may require a non-compete agreement. Definitely, this noncompetition should continue during the main agreement. Nonetheless, is there any legal regulation which can indicate that the duration of the noncompetition might be extended after the expiration of the main agreement?
Thanks in advance.
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The regulations on non competes can vary by jurisdiction. Check your jusrisdiction/state laws. Considering this is a newer field, i think getting professional advice is necessary.
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In the Principles of International Law course, each student must write a book review and submit it. So, for this presentation, I need a very short book on international law. What book do you recommend?
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Dear Sina Nourani , Vaughan Lowe (2015) International Law: A Very Short Introduction OUP, is a very good text. Short, well written and not terribly expensive.
Hope this help. Best wishes, James.
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What to do if after a two years waiting time in the reviewing process and two rounds of revision you discover that the same journal published a paper with the same aim data and contribution as one part of your previously submitted paper.
Knowing that the published paper was submitted six months after yours and that the second round new reviewer of your paper asks you about your contribution since a same work has been published. How to respond? Is there any legal action? Is this ethical?
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Thank you, Dear Magdalena and Dear Vishnu for your advice.
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  • Why do we not find explicit legal texts in dealing with common share lease situations in civil laws?
  • While we find a treatment for common share disposition cases.
  • We also find a clear treatment for the common share management situation.
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La autoconfiguración de las cláusulas del contrato sobreviene en obligaciones entre las partes y, de conformidad con la autonomía de la voluntad, responden al interés general, como principio previo al ordenamien to jurídico. La sistematización de su fundamento jurídico permite -mediante un análisis lógico- la concreción de conocimien tos sobre la estructura teórica del contrato como instrumento jurídico regulador de la economía
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While not exactly new, NFTs or non fungible token have recently been making headlines because of the auctioning of NFT art on traditional auction houses. What are the legal implication of this blockchain enabled technology? Is it a security? Are there other legal implications with regards to concepts of ownership? Or is this just transferring old legal rules onto a new tech phenomena?
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Los NFTS es la versión digital de los sellos, el arte o cualquier otro producto tangible o intangible al que una serie de usuarios acaban confiriendo un valor. Estos activos están ganando terreno, y forman parte de esa nueva cultura en la que el blockchain y las criptodivisas también están absolutamente integradas.
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Even though the idea of a "pay with money not with data" principle is not new in the literature, so far this idea has not translated into domestic legislation. Why? Are there hurdles or obstacles to it? if so, of what nature (legal, political, financial)? If such principle were to be implemented, what should be the features of a corresponding legal provision under domestic law? Regarding the international regulatory framework of data protection, you are welcome to look at my last research on the matter at :
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Interesting question for sure. There is a semantic difficulty since "paying" somewhat presuppose a financial transaction with money. While data is certainly something that worth money, it requires quite a lot of intermediate steps to do so.
Any basic website collects automatically lot of data (connection logs, information on browser and location, sessions...). To distinguish data collected as payment from data collected not as payment might not be very easy (you would need to carefully examine the use of data in many steps).
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There are different types of Laws, physical, mathematical and legal. Does the legal system need to be updated because of a direct incompatibility with the ideas of ergodicity in the mathematics of frequency mechanics having physical implications in the electromagnetic spectrum?
For example, brain states are stochastic electromagnetic. They are also ergodic.
Does treating different individuals in the legal system as everyone under one legal system represent the individualities essential to the individual that is ultimately unique unto themselves with respect to their brain states.
What do the legal studies believe about the factual actual reality, in the light of this fake news era, in regards to change and changes of change? Do they subscribe and participate, infiltrate, dominate, or adversely affect the discussions in the liberal arts of English Studies, where they define a whole 600 page textbook worth of terms that are known as hallucinations because apparently they "simply cannot ever be true". Ideas such as out of body projection, and synaesthesia could be studied for their usefulness in treating mental health disorders. As could many of the other "spirits" that are mentioned in the textbook.
Does scientific dogma dictate the ability to question this linguistic dogma?
Does the 2000 year old chinese historical account about cannabis saying that after 100 days of consumption one gains the ability to see the "spirits", mean that the "spirits" accounted for in the 600 page textbook known as hallucinations, could indeed be other forma available to perception, and crucial to studying the brain in all it states of function. Is our account of hallucinations simply a way of disregarding other cultural accounts (if we dissolve the idea of culture through diversity in genetics, then we end up with an individual-vs-individual account, which means that yes, this is the case).
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very good question
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I wonder if there are any jurisdictions in the world that do not provide an appellate body for civil disputes (in the sense of a legal and, albeit limited, factual review of the first instance judgment)?
I would greatly appreciate your answers! Thank you so much in advance!
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very good question
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When do you need to search for data, regardless of integrated or raw data, during your academic research? And what kind of data do you often need?
I would think of some contexts such as when I need some background information to understand a legal issue, or some evidence to justify my arguments, or I need to know the existing empirical studies about some topics. I want to have your input as an academic peer!
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Data of all kinds
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Hi everyone, I am trying to model a phase change material using transient thermal analysis in Ansys Mechanical. I have attached the solver output which contains the error message I keep getting. Any ideas would be much appreciated. Thanks!
ANSYS Academic Research                          
 *------------------------------------------------------------------*  |                                                                  |  |   W E L C O M E   T O   T H E   A N S Y S (R)  P R O G R A M     |  |                                                                  |  *------------------------------------------------------------------*
 ***************************************************************  *            ANSYS 2020 R1          LEGAL NOTICES             *  ***************************************************************  *                                                             *  * Copyright 1971-2020 ANSYS, Inc.  All rights reserved.       *  * Unauthorized use, distribution or duplication is            *  * prohibited.                                                 *  *                                                             *  * Ansys is a registered trademark of ANSYS, Inc. or its       *  * subsidiaries in the United States or other countries.       *  * See the ANSYS, Inc. online documentation or the ANSYS, Inc. *  * documentation CD or online help for the complete Legal      *  * Notice.                                                     *  *                                                             *  ***************************************************************  *                                                             *  * THIS ANSYS SOFTWARE PRODUCT AND PROGRAM DOCUMENTATION       *  * INCLUDE TRADE SECRETS AND CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY      *  * PRODUCTS OF ANSYS, INC., ITS SUBSIDIARIES, OR LICENSORS.    *  * The software products and documentation are furnished by    *  * ANSYS, Inc. or its subsidiaries under a software license    *  * agreement that contains provisions concerning               *  * non-disclosure, copying, length and nature of use,          *  * compliance with exporting laws, warranties, disclaimers,    *  * limitations of liability, and remedies, and other           *  * provisions.  The software products and documentation may be *  * used, disclosed, transferred, or copied only in accordance  *  * with the terms and conditions of that software license      *  * agreement.                                                  *  *                                                             *  * ANSYS, Inc. is a UL registered                              *  * ISO 9001:2015 company.                                      *  *                                                             *  ***************************************************************  *                                                             *  * This product is subject to U.S. laws governing export and   *  * re-export.                                                  *  *                                                             *  * For U.S. Government users, except as specifically granted   *  * by the ANSYS, Inc. software license agreement, the use,     *  * duplication, or disclosure by the United States Government  *  * is subject to restrictions stated in the ANSYS, Inc.        *  * software license agreement and FAR 12.212 (for non-DOD      *  * licenses).                                                  *  *                                                             *  ***************************************************************
 2020 R1
 Point Releases and Patches installed:  
 ANSYS, Inc. Products 2020 R1  SpaceClaim 2020 R1   AIM 2020 R1  Live (includes SpaceClaim) 2020 R1   Remote Solve Manager Standalone Services 2020 R1  Viewer 2020 R1   ACIS Geometry Interface 2020 R1  AutoCAD Geometry Interface 2020 R1   Catia, Version 4 Geometry Interface 2020 R1  Catia, Version 5 Geometry Interface 2020 R1  Catia, Version 6 Geometry Interface 2020 R1  Creo Elements/Direct Modeling Geometry Interface 2020 R1  Creo Parametric Geometry Interface 2020 R1   Inventor Geometry Interface 2020 R1  JTOpen Geometry Interface 2020 R1    NX Geometry Interface 2020 R1    Parasolid Geometry Interface  2020 R1    Solid Edge Geometry Interface 2020 R1    SOLIDWORKS Geometry Interface 2020 R1    ANSYS, Inc. License Manager 2020 R1  CFX (includes CFD-Post) 2020 R1  Chemkin 2020 R1  EnSight 2020 R1  FENSAP-ICE 2020 R1   Fluent (includes CFD-Post) 2020 R1   Forte 2020 R1    Polyflow (includes CFD-Post) 2020 R1  TurboGrid 2020 R1    Aqwa 2020 R1  Mechanical Products 2020 R1  Additive 2020 R1  ANSYS Sherlock 2020 R1   Icepak (includes CFD-Post) 2020 R1   CFD-Post only 2020 R1    Customization Files for User Programmable Features 2020 R1 
          *****  ANSYS COMMAND LINE ARGUMENTS  *****   BATCH MODE REQUESTED (-b)    = NOLIST   INPUT FILE COPY MODE (-c)    = COPY   DISTRIBUTED MEMORY PARALLEL REQUESTED        4 PARALLEL PROCESSES REQUESTED WITH SINGLE THREAD PER PROCESS     TOTAL OF     4 CORES REQUESTED   DESIGNXPLORER REQUESTED   INPUT FILE NAME              = C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493\dummy.dat   OUTPUT FILE NAME             = C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493\solve.out   START-UP FILE MODE           = NOREAD   STOP FILE MODE               = NOREAD
 RELEASE= 2020 R1              BUILD= 20.1      UP20191203   VERSION=WINDOWS x64  CURRENT JOBNAME=file0  16:39:21  JUN 19, 2020 CP=      0.219
 PARAMETER _DS_PROGRESS =     999.0000000   
 /INPUT FILE= ds.dat  LINE=       0
 *** NOTE ***                            CP =       0.328   TIME= 16:39:22  The /CONFIG,NOELDB command is not valid in a Distributed ANSYS           solution.  Command is ignored.                                         
 *GET  _WALLSTRT  FROM  ACTI  ITEM=TIME WALL  VALUE=  16.6561111   
 TITLE=  2.5mm fins Ansys file--Transient Thermal (A5)                                
 SET PARAMETER DIMENSIONS ON  _WB_PROJECTSCRATCH_DIR   TYPE=STRI  DIMENSIONS=      248        1        1
 PARAMETER _WB_PROJECTSCRATCH_DIR(1) = C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493\
 SET PARAMETER DIMENSIONS ON  _WB_SOLVERFILES_DIR   TYPE=STRI  DIMENSIONS=      248        1        1
 PARAMETER _WB_SOLVERFILES_DIR(1) = C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\2.5mm fins Ansys file_files\dp0\SYS-1\MECH\
 SET PARAMETER DIMENSIONS ON  _WB_USERFILES_DIR   TYPE=STRI  DIMENSIONS=      248        1        1
 PARAMETER _WB_USERFILES_DIR(1) = C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\2.5mm fins Ansys file_files\user_files\  --- Data in consistent MKS units. See Solving Units in the help system for more
 MKS UNITS SPECIFIED FOR INTERNAL      LENGTH        (l)  = METER (M)   MASS          (M)  = KILOGRAM (KG)   TIME          (t)  = SECOND (SEC)   TEMPERATURE   (T)  = CELSIUS (C)   TOFFSET            = 273.0   CHARGE        (Q)  = COULOMB   FORCE         (f)  = NEWTON (N) (KG-M/SEC2)   HEAT               = JOULE (N-M)
  PRESSURE           = PASCAL (NEWTON/M**2)   ENERGY        (W)  = JOULE (N-M)   POWER         (P)  = WATT (N-M/SEC)   CURRENT       (i)  = AMPERE (COULOMBS/SEC)   CAPACITANCE   (C)  = FARAD   INDUCTANCE    (L)  = HENRY   MAGNETIC FLUX      = WEBER   RESISTANCE    (R)  = OHM   ELECTRIC POTENTIAL = VOLT
 INPUT  UNITS ARE ALSO SET TO MKS
 *** ANSYS - ENGINEERING ANALYSIS SYSTEM  RELEASE 2020 R1          20.1     ***  DISTRIBUTED ANSYS Academic Research                          
 00437390  VERSION=WINDOWS x64   16:39:22  JUN 19, 2020 CP=      0.328
 2.5mm fins Ansys file--Transient Thermal (A5)                                
          ***** ANSYS ANALYSIS DEFINITION (PREP7) *****  *********** Nodes for the whole assembly ***********  *********** Elements for Body 1 "2.5mm center fins-1" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 2 "2mm plate-1" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 3 "water block-4" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 4 "Ti Shell-1" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 5 "1mm plate-2" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 6 "Spacer-1" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 7 "1mm plate-1" ***********  *********** Elements for Body 8 "2.5mm center PCM-1" ***********  *********** Send User Defined Coordinate System(s) ***********  *********** Send Materials ***********
 *** ERROR ***                           CP =       0.766   TIME= 16:39:22  Material property ENTH must be input with increasing values as the       temperature increases.  The MPDATA command is ignored.                 
 NUMBER OF WARNING MESSAGES ENCOUNTERED=          0  NUMBER OF ERROR   MESSAGES ENCOUNTERED=          1
 ***** PROBLEM TERMINATED BY INDICATED ERROR(S) OR BY END OF INPUT DATA *****
+--------- D I S T R I B U T E D   A N S Y S   S T A T I S T I C S ------------+
Release: 2020 R1            Build: 20.1       Update: UP20191203   Platform: WINDOWS x64 Date Run: 06/19/2020   Time: 16:39     Process ID: 5208 Operating System: Windows 10  (Build: 19041)
Processor Model: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-7820HQ CPU @ 2.90GHz
Compiler: Intel(R) FORTRAN Compiler Version 19.0.0  (Build: 20190206)           Intel(R) C/C++ Compiler Version 19.0.0  (Build: 20190206)           Intel(R) Math Kernel Library Version 2019.0.3 Product Build 20190125
Number of machines requested            :    1 Total number of cores available         :    8 Number of physical cores available      :    4 Number of processes requested           :    4 Number of threads per process requested :    1 Total number of cores requested         :    4 (Distributed Memory Parallel)               MPI Type: INTELMPI MPI Version: Intel(R) MPI Library 2018 Update 3 for Windows* OS
GPU Acceleration: Not Requested
Job Name: file0 Input File: dummy.dat
  Core                Machine Name   Working Directory  -----------------------------------------------------      0                     EthanPC   C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493      1                     EthanPC   C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493      2                     EthanPC   C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493      3                     EthanPC   C:\Users\ejcox\Documents\medicool\_ProjectScratch\Scr6493
Latency time from master to core     1 =    2.317 microseconds Latency time from master to core     2 =    2.148 microseconds Latency time from master to core     3 =    2.836 microseconds
Communication speed from master to core     1 =  6005.01 MB/sec Communication speed from master to core     2 =  5778.51 MB/sec Communication speed from master to core     3 =  5006.82 MB/sec
Total CPU time for main thread                    :        0.5 seconds Total CPU time summed for all threads             :        1.5 seconds
Elapsed time spent obtaining a license            :        0.9 seconds Elapsed time spent pre-processing model (/PREP7)  :        0.0 seconds Elapsed time spent solution - preprocessing       :        0.0 seconds Elapsed time spent computing solution             :        0.0 seconds Elapsed time spent solution - postprocessing      :        0.0 seconds Elapsed time spent post-processing model (/POST1) :        0.0 seconds
Maximum total memory used                         :       40.0 MB Maximum total memory allocated                    :     5184.0 MB Total physical memory available                   :         16 GB
Total amount of I/O written to disk               :        0.0 GB Total amount of I/O read from disk                :        0.0 GB
+------ E N D   D I S T R I B U T E D   A N S Y S   S T A T I S T I C S -------+
 *---------------------------------------------------------------------------*  |                                                                           |  |                       DISTRIBUTED ANSYS RUN COMPLETED                     |  |                                                                           |  |---------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |                                                                           |  | Ansys 2020 R1               Build 20.1         UP20191203     WINDOWS x64 |  |                                                                           |  |---------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |                                                                           |  | Database Requested(-db)  1024 MB    Scratch Memory Requested      1024 MB |  | Maximum Database Used      21 MB    Maximum Scratch Memory Used      4 MB |  |                                                                           |  |---------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |                                                                           |  |        CP Time      (sec) =          1.484       Time  =  16:39:23        |  |        Elapsed Time (sec) =          4.000       Date  =  06/19/2020      |  |                                                                           |  *---------------------------------------------------------------------------*
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Good
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Who is a "central body" for renewable energy source certification and process implementation? Are REC, iREC, GO securities or there is another legal scheme?
Is it possible to trade them outside the country ?
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Dear Vitalii,
There is no any central body to decide on support schemes and implementation procedures generally valid for each state. These policies and regulations are decided at the state level. Within the EU, certificates may be traded between states on the basis of bilateral agreements. But even within the EU, the decision to adopt a certain support scheme is taken at the state level. Directive 2018/2001 (Art. 4 and 5) makes concrete recommendations in this regard.
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The adoption of federalism in Iraq subsequent to 2005 and its practical application in legal context was the result of Iraqs transition from unitary state to a federal state.
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Dear Zeina
Thank you for your response. I appreciate your contribution.
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Haryek Mahoney is right
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The market system needs a clear ethical framework, which is reflected by a solid legal system. Economics and law are deeply connected, with reference to behavioral standards.
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Dear All,
I am currently working on the following research
The effectiveness and efficiency of Microfinance Institutions operations
Areas that i am going to be looking at this research are:
> Base interest rate and interest of MFI
> Areas of investments
> Return of investments (RoI)
> Legal entity and the structure of the MFIs
> Moral and ethical standards of the MFIs
> Portfolio at Risk (PaR):
Due to the condition caused by the COVID, i am unable to become a member nor to visit a resourceful library . Therefore, i would highly appreciate if you have any guidance or share a copy of literature / research related to this field.
Looking forward to hearing from you soon
Most Kind Regards
Agron
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issues one would face and how to deal with them
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Как-то Сократа спросили: «Что легче всего?» — «Поучать других», — ответил мудрец. «А что труднее всего?» — «Познать самого себя…» Жизнь человека многогранна и сложна. Каждый человек — это маленькая Вселенная с ее невообразимыми сложностями и особенностями. Все мы рождаемся маленькими, беспомощными и беззащитными. При рождении ребенка никто не может сказать, кто из него вырастет. Но формировать будущего человека нужно с первых лет жизни. Именно в это время закладываются черты будущего характера, а в подростковом, юношеском возрасте он формируется окончательно. Коррекция происходит под воздействием окружающей среды. Во все последующие годы в человеке постоянно наблюдаются те или иные изменения психики, интеллекта, характера, эмоционального восприятия жизни: меняется его внутренняя сущность.
Очень важно не подчиняться обстоятельствам, а подниматься выше них и стремиться в любых условиях побеждать. Английский писатель Уильям Теккерей писал: «Мир — это зеркало, в котором каждый видит собственный лик свой. Хмурься перед ним, и оно покажет тебе рожу угрюмую; улыбайся ему, смейся перед ним, и ты встретишь в нем веселого товарища». Люди с недовольным лицом похожи на сито: все явления жизни просеиваются через их сознание, хорошее проскакивает, не задерживаясь, а плохое остается и фокусируется, продолжая формировать характер. В народе говорят: «Сердиться — значит мстить себе за ошибки других». С такими людьми сложно общаться. Что же делать, чтобы завоевать расположение окружающих, которое в конце концов важно для нас самих? В таком случае необходимы меры систематического самовоздействия, кропотливая работа над своей психикой, самонастройка на радость, на светлое и красивое.
О людях судят по их поведению в обществе. Тот, кто ведет себя по писаным и неписаным правилам этикета, всегда производит прекрасное впечатление, и все с удовольствием имеют с ним дело. Хорошие манеры должны быть лишь проявлением внутреннего отношения человека к окружающим; проявление внимания и уважения к людям зависит и от того, как мы сами ведем себя. Мы вправе ожидать от них любезного отношения, если только мы сами вежливы, приветливы и почтительны. Прежде чем вспылить, наговорить резкостей, которые будут болезненно восприняты и собеседником и вами, подумайте, взвесьте все обстоятельства и… может быть, тон и лексика будут другими. И еще одно правило, которым следует руководствоваться в отношениях с другими: поступайте с ними так, как вы хотели бы, чтобы они поступали с вами.
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As a dentist and public health expert, I am running different projects in several countries. Now, we are implementing telehealth solutions and providing remote consultation. So, what kind of legal barriers are there and how can we deal with them? I would love to hear about your experiences.
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As Cagla Kantarcigil mentioned, this varies drastically from one country to another, and must be treated on a case by case basis.
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Hello, every one, I am not expert with Social statistic but interest with it. May I know the which kind of statistical analysis can use for the sample size 60. also this is about a survey relating with the public attitudes about legal awareness. My object is to identify the legal awareness of public can use to minimum the crime. Please assist me. Thank you all
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Since it is a public survey, small n should be avoided, which also increases the margin of error.
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There's a quack who claims that he can cure patients with COVID using his 'magic portion'. Some media blindly support him, though there's no scientific evidence for his treatment. There's a gullible public who follows him and waits in long lines to obtain his portion. What do you think about this trend? Should the government take legal actions against him?
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True Tripathi
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I want to write thesis by making comparison of techniques being utilized by VCs to predict risk and make investment decisions. I think this comparison will help to add value by revealing new information and practices. For the same purpose, I am wondering for the sources to get relevant data. Kindly suggest if there are resources available online or Do I need to approach individuals working in these companies (I am not sure if they will be interested to share the information due to ethical or legal reasons).
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Try this:
Venture Capital Investment market 2018 global analysis by key players – Accel, Benchmark Capital