Science topic

Latin America - Science topic

The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
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Publications related to Latin America (10,000)
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Conference Paper
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Using 2021 Census data, this paper focuses on the demographic landscape of religious denominations present in the Latino immigrant population of Canada aged 15 years old and over. Census respondents born in 19 Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America constituted the target population of the study. The data reveal a strong pattern...
Article
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Estudios realizados en América Latina indican que la cuota de graduados, aunque ha aumentado, sigue siendo insuficiente para el desarrollo de sociedades basadas en el conocimiento. Sin embargo, hay evidencia de que una cuota no despreciable de trabajadores se encuentra en una situación de sobreeducación. Un patrón similar se encuentra también en lo...
Article
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The amount of internal communication research has flourished during the past decade, and scholars have examined the role of internal communication in affecting employee and organizational outcomes. Despite the increasing literature, knowledge, and research of internal communication in Latin America is largely missing. Given this reality, this study...
Article
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Academic and industrial literature highlight the importance of airport-driven development (ADD) for the 21st Century. Several different types of ADD concepts have been defined, such as aerotropolis and airport city, but there are often substantial differences between authors about definitions. Such differences can potentially create confusion when...
Chapter
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This chapter gives a general panorama of the academic production of the history of love between heterosexual couples — romantic, conjugal and sexual —in Latin America. Located in a book that seeks to offer a broad vision of the history of emotions, including different geographical regions, its purpose is to provide a vision of the scope of emotions...
Article
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Background Global brain health initiatives call for improving methods for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) in underrepresented populations. However, diagnostic procedures in upper-middle-income countries (UMICs) and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), such as Latin American countries (LAC), face multipl...
Article
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In Latin America and developing countries, urban planners often lack sufficient data on cyclists’ modal share and profile to establish effective cycling lane networks. Mendoza, Argentina, is such a city. This research aimed to identify adequate locations for new cycle lanes by speculating on potential cycle trips from observed patterns of existing...
Article
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This paper investigates the evolution of business cycles synchronization in Latin America since the 1990ʹs. To do so, a Vector Autoregressive model is fed, alternatively, with the countries’ Industrial Production Indexes and with these series filtered by the US financial conditions index, which is considered a common component affecting business cy...
Article
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This research on relationship marketing aims to revisit and reposition different foci of trust, commitment, and performance perception in the export/import relationships and explore the interconnectedness effects. We have collected self-reported survey questionnaire responses from 142 non-oil exporters in Ecuador. The data were analyzed with Smartl...
Article
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Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyse the risk of valvular heart diseases among foreign-born individuals in Sweden. Design. This was a nationwide study of individuals aged 18 years of age and older (N = 6,118,649; 2,970,055 men and 3,148,594 women). Valvular heart diseases were defined as at least one registered diagnosis in the Nationa...
Article
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Background Because trends in the epidemiology and burden of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are changing, reinvestigating the geographical differences and trend changes is essential. Here we evaluated the latest epidemiologic patterns and trends for GERD, using data from Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019....
Article
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In this paper, we discuss whether Latin American researchers participate in the European Research and Innovation Framework Programme (FP) by joining European colleagues as peers, or by being targeted as part of a science diplomacy initiative. We analyse the participation of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico (LAC) in the 7th (2007–2013)...
Article
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Since globalisation accelerated in the early 1990s, income inequality has increased in most developed countries and in some middle-income countries, including China and India. Also, inequality has declined in most countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and in many Sub-Saharan African and South Asian countries. This observation corroborates th...
Article
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Introduction Multiple myeloma in Latin America (LATAM) face multiple challenges related to the lack of resources according to low- and middle-income in the region. Areas covered in this narrative review, several aspects of myeloma multiple epidemiology, diagnostic methods and risk stratification, medication commonly employed, and treatment results...
Chapter
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This book combines pieces of work on Europe and Latin America, the two continents where football arouses the most ardent passions among its spectators. Curiously, an undertaking to compare on a large scale the forms extreme fandom takes in these two geographical areas is still lacking. A situational analysis of the scientific literature devoted to...
Article
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Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) is an alien invasive weed species, Native of Latin America (CABI, 2022). I. carnea subsp. fistulosa can grow from aquatic ecosystem to xerophytic desert conditions (PROTA, 2017) and is a strong competitor for resources (nutrients and water), with the potential to outcompete native plants. A study...
Article
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Keywords: ABSTRACT Allelopathic effect, Rice, I. carnea subsp. fistulosa, Germination Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) is a alien invasive weed species, native of Latin America, spread throughout the fresh water ecosystems of tropic and sub-tropics [34]. I. carnea subsp. fistulosa infestation generally found in undisturbed areas...
Article
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It is surprisingly simple and paradoxical that Covid-19 pandemic shows a speci c tendency to be an economy-related and driven pandemic. Countries with higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP), incurred more cases of infection and mortalities such a way that a steady trend emerges: those most affected are the richest amongst the rich, and the richer amon...
Article
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Objective Describe the epidemiological profile and social-economic burden that hydrocephalus patients represent to the national public health system, using data available at the online database of the Brazilian Health Ministry (DataSUS). Methods This is a populational study based on descriptive statistics of all clinical and surgical appointments...
Article
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Objective: To identify the contribution of scientific research on the accessibility of immigrant women to health care at the national and international level. Methods: Integrative literature review carried out between May and August of 2022, in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Nursing databases worldwide; Nursing Latin A...
Book
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This publication, the result of a series of webinars of the same name, seeks to promote debate through the valorization of knowledge, know-how and experiences on regional dynamics based on research and analysis of phenomena, processes and experiences underway in different countries and regions of Latin America. The topics offered are approached fro...
Article
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Background Our main objective was to present a multidisciplinary review on the epidemiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and the tools that could be used to identify malignant ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and to perform risk stratification. In addition, indications and contraindications for the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)...
Article
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Background Systemic amyloidosis is caused by the deposition of misfolded protein aggregates in tissues, leading to progressive organ dysfunction and death. Epidemiological studies originate predominantly from high-income countries, with few data from Latin America. Due to the non-specific clinical manifestations, diagnosing amyloidosis is often cha...
Article
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While global history’s emphasis on networks and its de-emphasis on the nation has brought about a fruitful platform for exploring interregional connections, this article argues that a global history recentered in the periphery and willing to draw from its rich national historiographies has the potential to reveal new forms of globalization and conn...
Chapter
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Imagining Latinidad examines how Latin American migrants use technology for public engagement, social activism, and to build digital, diasporic communities. Thanks to platforms like Facebook and YouTube, immigrants from Latin America can stay in contact with the culture they left behind. Members of these groups share information related to their ho...
Article
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Patronage appointments in government are a continuing issue in many administrative systems. Especially for countries in Latin America and Africa patronage is considered a major impediment to developing more effective administrative systems. A great deal has been written describing patronage and discussing the causes for patronage, but much less res...
Article
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The paradoxical nature of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) provides unique opportunities to advance management theory. Focusing on a dominant theoretical framework, Socioemotional Wealth (SEW), we argue that basic contextual features of LAC, namely the concept of extended family and the volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA) enviro...
Article
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Despite sharing different cultures, customs, and pasts, Indigenous peoples in Latin America often face similar problems such as eviction from their ancestral lands, persecution, cultural genocide, and loss of their livelihoods. Yet, their knowledges and socio-cultural practices persist and have a lot to contribute to social work theory and practice...
Book
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The book examines how conspiracy theories and related forms of misinformation and disinformation about the Covid-19 pandemic have circulated widely around the world. Covid conspiracy theories have attracted considerable attention from researchers, journalists, and politicians, not least because conspiracy beliefs have the potential to negatively an...
Article
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Endometriosis is a complex disease affecting approximately 5–10% individuals worldwide. Prevalence rates in Latin-America and the Caribbean are largely unknown, with published data only from Puerto Rico and Chile. Pain associated with endometriosis negatively affects patients’ health and quality of life. However, there is a need to better understan...
Article
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Objective This study aimed at reviewing food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) with content targeted at children and adolescents to present their main characteristics, thus enabling comparisons among countries. Design We conducted a search of the FBDGs available on the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) website, followed by a scoping review wi...
Article
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In Latin America, the immense existing biodiversity is associated with the abundance of enormous practically unknown regions and the presence of indigenous peoples, in some cases uncontacted. Along with the profusion of life forms that have been preserved over the years, the danger of genetic erosion caused by indiscriminate exploitation stands out...
Article
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During the Chikungunya epidemic in the Caribbean and Latin America, pregnant women were affected by the virus in French Guiana. The question of the impact of the virus on pregnancy was raised because of the lack of scientific consensus and published data in the region. Thus, during the Chikungunya outbreak in French Guiana, a comparative study was...
Article
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Background Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the bladder (BIMT) is a rare entity with non-specific symptoms and particular histological features. Though bladder location is very uncommon, it arises from the bladder submucosal stroma as a polypoidal growth and is easily mistaken clinically, radiologically and histologically with a malignan...
Article
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This paper questions the pertinence of the humanitarian aid localization agenda in Latin America, at least in the narrow sense embraced by the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit. Localized support has been the standard practice in the region for decades, thanks to at least two correlated factors: the Monroe Doctrine limiting intervention to the USA and...
Book
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This book examines the archival aesthetic of mourning and memory developed by Latin American artists and photographers between 1997-2016. Particular attention is paid to how photographs of the assassinated or disappeared political dissident of the 1970s and 1980s, as found in family albums and in official archives, were not only re-imagined as cond...
Chapter
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In this chapter, the authors illustrate how dominant perspectives for theorizing and researching creativity in children’s mathematical thinking have rendered invisible important aspects of children’s creative mathematical thinking. The authors revisit assumptions made by traditional research on children’s thinking with newer theoretical perspective...
Article
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The escape behaviour, measured as flight initiation distance (FID; the distance at which individuals take flight when approached by a potential predator, usually a human in the study systems), is a measure widely used to study fearfulness and risk-taking in animals. Previous studies have shown significant differences in the escape behaviour of bird...
Article
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There is growing evidence that longer travel time by private car poses physical and mental risks. Individual-level obesity and diabetes, two of the main public health challenges in low- and middle-income contexts, could be associated to city-level travel times by car. We used individual obesity and diabetes data from national health surveys from in...
Article
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Noma is a bacterial, non-communicable, grossly destructive and disfiguring necrotising oro-facial disease. It is rare, but occurs most commonly in chronically malnourished children with other debilitating illnesses, in remote, poverty-stricken communities, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa, and much more rarely in central Latin America and in parts of A...
Article
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Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Brazil and Peru demonstrated the effectiveness of CONEMO, a digital intervention supported by trained nurses or nurse assistants (NAs), to reduce depressive symptoms in people with diabetes and/or hypertension. This paper extends the RCTs findings by reflecting on the conditions needed for its wider implem...
Article
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Abstract Despite growing knowledge on the distribution and functioning of dryland vegetation types, their internal biodiversity structure (i.e., subregions) is much less studied. In the delineation of subregions, the use of species occurrence or abundance data may reveal different aspects of metacommunity structure. We revisit the issue of the bior...
Article
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Over the last decade, there has been great research interest in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in various fields, such as medicine, finance, and law. Recently, there has been a research focus on the application of AI in education, where it has great potential. Therefore, a systematic review of the literature on AI in education is t...
Chapter
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We are witnessing a worldwide resurgence of reactionary ideologies and movements, combined with an escalating assault on democratic institutions and structures. Nevertheless, most studies of these phenomena remain anchored in a methodological nationalism, while comparative research is almost entirely limited to the Global North. Yet, authoritarian...
Article
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Background: Achondroplasia (ACH), the most common form of disproportionate short stature, is caused by a pathogenic variant in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene. Recent advances in drug therapy for ACH have highlighted the importance of elucidating the natural history and socioeconomic burden of this condition. Recognition that there ar...
Article
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Objectives The inadequacy of resistance monitoring in Latin America leads to circulation of HIV strains with drug resistance mutations (DRMs), compromising ART effectiveness. This study describes the DRM prevalence in HIV-infected paediatric patients in Panama. Methods During 2018–19, plasma was collected from 76 HIV-infected children/adolescents...
Conference Paper
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This panel is especially devoted to discussing the complexities associated with the functioning of polycentric systems in the Global South (Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania). These regions have their own unique contextual attributes: they are mostly (though not all) low-income, often politically or culturally marginalized (Dados & Cornnell,...
Article
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Background Many countries in Asia and Latin America are currently facing a double burden of outbreaks due to dengue and COVID-19. Here we discuss the similarities and differences between the two infections so that lessons learnt so far from studying both infections will be helpful in further understanding their immunopathogenesis and to develop the...
Preprint
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Introduction: Arsenic, an element that can be harmful to human health, is abundant in the environment. It was among the first substances recognized as carcinogenic, and its presence in water is common in Latin America. Its levels in water sources are relevant for decision-making and sanitary control. This study is the first in Latin America with a...
Conference Paper
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This study analyzes the statistical knowledge collected in eleven mathematics curricula in Latin America in the first three grades of Primary Education (6-9 years). The research recommends starting their learning at an early age. Through theoretical and qualitative analysis, the contents and phases of the statistical research cycle of curricula hav...
Article
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The Brazilian Policy of Comprehensive Care for People with Rare Diseases (BPCCPRD) was established by the Ministry of Health to reduce morbidity and mortality and improve the quality of life of people with rare diseases (RD). Several laboratory tests, most using molecular genetic technologies, have been incorporated by the Brazilian Public Health S...
Thesis
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This thesis explores the creation of Fundidora Monterrey (Latin America's first integrated iron and steel mill), and its evolution from 1903 to 1930.
Article
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Disparities of scientific education (STEM) in rural and remote communities are exacerbating inequalities and taking away opportunities for youth to explore their scientific interests and participate in science-making globally. Maker education in rural and remote areas of Latin America could boost the participation of rural communities in scientific...
Article
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This research shows and analyses a pedagogical experience with ePortfolio into the bridge context between higher education and profession in Latin America, particularly Architectural Design Studio (ADS). The objective was to reveal the impacts of ePortfolio use as a tool of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on the training process to...
Article
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This research focuses on the relationship between Latin America and China. The authors try to answer the question of why the countries of the region have been passive in the context of their interaction with the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). The relevance of the topic stems from the gradual increase in China’s importance and presence...
Article
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Background AQUILA (NCT03470103) was a prospective, observational, 12-month cohort study to understand treatment patterns and to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in patients from Latin America with diabetic macular edema (DME). Methods Treatment-naïve and previously treated (switching to IVT-AFL)...
Article
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Entomophagy is practised in at least 113 countries with over 2000 documented edible insect species. Due to the increasing cost of animal proteins, food and feed insecurity, population growth, and increasing need for protein-rich food in the developed and less developed countries, alternative sources of protein-rich food are highly needed. Edible in...
Article
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Background An up-to-date analysis of gastric cancer mortality among Hispanic/Latino populations is required for estimating disease burden and assessing the effectiveness of clinical and preventive strategies. Methods We retrieved gastric cancer deaths between 1997 and 2017 (as available) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program...
Article
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Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that could impact an individual’s health; moreover, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared obesity a global epidemic since 1997. In Latin America, in 2016, reports indicated that 24.2% of the adult population was obese. The environmental factor or specifi...
Article
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The purpose of this text is to reflect on the production of abnormalities from a historical-hermeneutical point of view. Starting from the theoretical framework proposed by Michel Foucault, how the normality-abnormality binomial has been seen, whether in a disciplinary or biopolitical way, it serves to produce individuals through knowledge-power re...
Article
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Desde sus comienzos, la Filosofía de la Liberación ha tenido como objetivo la construcción de un conocimiento crítico a partir de la situación de América Latina. Sin embargo, los esfuerzos por fundamentar epistemológicamente y metodológicamente una ciencia social crítica desde esta perspectiva ha sido considerablemente menor. Este artículo busca ap...
Chapter
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Damage assessment methodologies and damage indexes are required to be used with performance-base design methodologies. Among current damage indexes found in the literature, most of them are applicable for flexure-controlled elements. As a result, existing DI are not appropriate for shear-controlled components like those found in low-rise reinforced...
Article
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In this paper, the effects of economic growth and four different types of energy consumption (oil, natural gas, hydroelectricity, and renewable energy) on environmental quality in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions were examined within the framework of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for three Latin American countries, namely, Argentina,...
Article
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The editorial system of scientific journals has grown from a printed system in which articles were disseminated in paper journals and offprints to the digital format of the present day, allowing for rapid scientific dissemination of an exploding number of manuscripts every year. With this growing number of publication options, researchers have seve...
Article
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Los estudios coinciden en que América Latina está envejeciendo rápidamente, y que esto aumentará la demanda de cuidados de larga duración o atención a la dependencia. Pero muy pocos han evaluado, desde una perspectiva regional, qué proporción de adultos mayores tienen necesidades de cuidados de largo plazo. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar...
Chapter
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Problematic solutions were implemented by different states as part of their health strategies to control the spread of COVID-19. Research carried out by different organisations since the first months of the pandemic in Latin America raised serious concerns related to potential privacy violations, lack of transparency, surveillance, excessive proces...
Chapter
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Introducción. Según CEPAL-UNESCO, 1.600 millones de alumnos de todo el mundo abandonaron las aulas y surge la necesidad de migrar a una educación mediada por tecnología que viabilice la construcción de aprendizajes digitales significativos, verificables, coherentes, aplicables, transferibles y útiles a través de sistemas educativos digitales con ro...
Preprint
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This manuscript extensively reviews applications, extensions, and models derived from the Bayesian ideal point estimator. We primarily focus our attention on studies conducted in the United States as well as Latin America. First, we provide a detailed description of the Bayesian ideal point estimator. Next, we propose a new taxonomy to synthesize a...
Chapter
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YouthMappers throughout Latin America are working to advance the attainment of the SDGs. Our contributions here centre on open data but also the maps and visualized analysis derived from them, which supports making decisions on how to achieve desired development across all seventeen goals. This chapter highlights the contribution of YouthMappers in...
Article
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Introduction: The prevalence of inclusion of randomized controlled trials published in Latin American journals has not been evaluated yet. This study explores the extent to which randomized trials published in Latin American medical journals are cited and used in systematic reviews. Methods: We did a descriptive observational study on randomized...
Article
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Fabiano Santos é um dos nomes mais destacados entre os estudos sobre o Legislativo no Brasil. Doutor e mestre em Ciência Política pelo Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro (IUPERJ), o professor atua no Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Políticos (IESP) da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) e coordena o Núcleo de Estudos...
Article
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A global trend is transforming classroom traditional practices and adopting innovative pedagogical strategies that are supported by evidence, such as active learning. Nevertheless, few initiatives have been carried out in Latin America. This article presents the results of an evaluation of the impact of active learning on a general biology course o...
Chapter
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La investigación crítica de la comunicación en América Latina y el aporte de José Marques de Melo La criticidad y el sentido en la práctica de la investigación comunicacional
Preprint
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The combustion of woodfuel for residential use is often not considered to be a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in households since emissions from woodfuel combustion can be offset by the CO2 absorbed by the growth of the forest as a carbon sink (IPCC, 2006). However, this only applies to wood that is harvested in a renewable way, i.e., at...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted the Americas, the continent with the highest number of COVID-related deaths according to WHO statistics. In Latin America, strict confinement conditions at the beginning of the pandemic put recycling activity to a halt and augmented the consumption of plastic as a barrier to stop the spread of the virus. T...
Article
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School dropout in Latin America represents an important social problem, in addition to the specific characteristics of the educational system, where it has been seen that there is a persistent community problem. Unlike other countries where school dropouts are reduced every year, in Latin American countries this situation is increasing more and mor...
Article
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Tracing the Supply Chain of Medicinal Wild Yam Species ( Dioscorea spp.) in Cundinamarca, Colombia. Wild yams ( Dioscorea spp.) are widely distributed non-timber forest products that are traditionally used as medicine in Cundinamarca, Colombia, and represent a source of income for rural families in the region. The market for these native medicinal...