Questions related to Latin America
I am looking for links of Mexican datasets that can be used in classification tasks in machine learning. Preferably the datasets have been exposed in scientific journals.
Thank you for your attention and valuable support.
In the current energy context, which would be the best energy alternatives for Latin America and the Caribbean in the future? I very much appreciate your participation in this discussion.
I am looking for links of audio datasets of indigenous Mexican languages that can be used in classification tasks in machine learning.
Thank you for your attention and valuable support.
I would like to know different papers of this topic because I'm researching around it by my thesis.
If the papers analyze cases in Latin America, it would be better.
In the current world energy scenario, the shortage of energy carriers and the low energy efficiency of industrial processes in Latin America have sharpened productive competitiveness in this region. In this context, do you consider that Small Modular Reactors (SMR) can be an energy alternative for Latin American nations? Please argue your answer. I really appreciate your collaboration.
I'd like to submit a research proposal on the potential of human migration as a vehicle of pathogen movements from South to North America. Basically I need a collaborator with experience working with migrants in the region. Thanks !!!
Numerous countries in the global south, particularly in Africa, Latin America, and south Asia, have struggled to grasp the technology transfer process. In these countries, technology conceptions, incubation, and entrepreneurship, as well as startup drafts left on desks prior to initial trial and implementation— Why? Probably. Keeping in your mind the political ecosystem and economic instability are two issues that these countries frequently confront, while other world leading nations' occasionally face, too. What, in your thinking, are the causes behind this failure? And how do they uproot the root causes--either in collaboration or independently?
What lesson left over from Asian tigers catch up development to the rest of the world--herein?
Hi, I would like to focus my dissertation on the phenomenon of the public voting 'NO' to the Colombian peace treaties of 2016.
I have done some brainstorming:
- Opposition campaign lead by popular ex-president Alvaro Uribe
- Cultural differences
- Historical background (suffering)
- People not interested in politics
- Media, propaganda coverage, fake news
- Difficulty in reading the peace accords
- The church involvement against the government
- Electoral victory of Alvaro Uribe
I was wondering if you had some theoretical knowledge I can link my research to? I would really appreciate some help narrowing down to have a more focused direction, thank you.
I am still in the early stages of this, however I am thinking of exploring the potential football has, as a means to aid the integration of Venezuelan refugees in countries like Peru and Columbia. I am reading that similar to Europe, refugees are subject to racism and resentment. While also in Europe, football clubs have started to partner up refugee forums to help. UEFA recently wrote a report of their commitment to helping the cause. I also wonder if CONEBOL could implement the same action. Early indictors suggest their is a gap in the literature, when it comes to refugees and football in South America.
I am developing my postgraduate thesis on the application of the i-Tree Hydro hydrological model with different scenarios of increase in urban trees and its ecosystem benefits compared to the increase in gray coverage in an urban watershed in Costa Rica. I would like to know if there are related studies in Latin America, since I only know one implemented in Colombia in 2019.
do you maybe know some regional/global weather gridded-datasets (historical) specific for Latin America? For example, the precipitation dataset LATAMCOSCH.
I'm looking for precipitation specific datasets and not (temperature, relative humidity..) beside ERA5, NEMS, IMERG, CMORPH, CHIRPS.
Thank you for your help in this matter. I'm still new to the meteorological world.
Hello all Research Gate community,
I would like to share my interest and enthusiasm for contacting with undergraduate women who are thinking in pursue a scientific career. Especially those ones from Latin America, or in general, women interested in S.T.E.M. I am from Mexico, graduated as Biologist, with a PhD in Biomedical Sciences, and several years of postdoctoral experience. Now, seeing the perspective of my career path, I realize that, women (and moreover those from under-represented countries) we need to support each other. If you are interested in this project, or if you know undergraduate or early-career ladies that would like to establish a contact, feel free in reaching me.
Hello all, surprisingly (to me) most of the research on social networks and poverty seems come out of the Europe, Asia and Latin America. In addition to Robert Putnam, is there anyone else you know doing case studies in the USA?
Odonata experts, nice to meet you.
My name is Jose Alejandro Cuellar, an odonate researcher from Colombia. I am sending you this email because I am doing a review article on Odonata migrations in Latin America. For this, I ask you in the kindest way to help me with his information. For this, I send you a few questions that you could answer in case you have sighted, documented, published, or registered any case of dragonfly breeding in Latin America or Spain.
Please answer the questions for each case of migration you have observed:
Question 1: What species or species have you seen carrying out migration processes?
Question 2: During what time of the year did you record the case of dragonfly migration?
Question 3: Where (Country, town) did you see the case of dragonfly migration?
Question 4: Towards what direction or locality considers that the odonates that were migrating are headed?
Question 5: You have seen this same process in a repetitive or cyclical way over time?
Thanks for your help, this information will help me too much with the preparation of the review document.
During the Alliance for Progress, roughly in the 1960s, US-universities engaged systematically in colaborations with Latin American universities. This went beyond simple mobility programs, in many cases, the US-missions developed courses, degrees, participated in institutional reforms. However, this chapter of international colaboration in higher education seems to be hardly studied. Do you know of any of those experiences or studies on them?
In some European countries, in Africa, in Latin America and even in the Caribbean, individual sanitation by dry litter toilets is practiced by some communities. The residues from these toilets are then composted and used in agriculture.
What would be the best method for analysing trends in species abundance in a single area in Latin America over a 15 year period? Could TRIM be used for this purpose?
I don't have data about several point-counts in the area over the years. All I have is total abundace per species per year in the area.
I am writing a study that does not use WEIRD (western, educated, industrialized, rich and democratic) populations, in fact the study seeks to address populations in developing countries, mainly in Latin America, India, Africa and Eastern Europe. One of the problems we have had is how to call this population without being condescending and fully addressing what this sample brings.
At the moment we have the names:
developing country populations (or is it better "emerging countries"?)
I would like suggestions on possible ways to call this population.
Global cases are now more than 16.4 million and died nearly 660,000 worldwide from COVID-19. USA has nearly 4.3 million cases, Brazil tops 2.4 million and India has more than 1.4 million cases. Russia has more than 800,000 COVID-19 cases and South Africa tops 400,000 cases. USA, Latin America and South Asia are still hot spots, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.
Covid-19 is "easily the most severe" global health emergency the World Health Organization (WHO) has ever declared, the head of the WHO, Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus, said.
After six months of Corona crisis we have gathered more experiences from different countries from their mistakes and successes. World war has been started against a tiny virus and we actually failed in the initial stage. There is still chance to control the spread of coronavirus to save lives.
Data source: 27 July 2020, BBC & JHU
Beside dung beetles, I would like to learn more about the diversity of arthropods in silvopasture systems where livestock are kept on rotation. Also what about arthropods diversity in similar systems in temperate zones? Thank you.
How could Latin America overcome its structural crises (political, economic, social)? What are its main obstacles?
The economics of Latin America and the Caribbean in the XX century is one key to understanding the problem, but not the only,
Secondly, the political systems in Latin America and the Caribbean plagued of populism, militarism, technocracy and its influence on democracy, guerrillas and dictatorships.
Finally, globalization, and the spread of social models of consumption that have led to the degradation of ecosystems.
What are the most pressing problems for the continent? What are the recipes or those that should be avoided?
Former US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Dr. Tom Frieden said on Fox News that although the US is doing more testing and hospitals are better prepared, “this virus still has the upper hand.”
The increase in cases in Southern states is the result of reopening too fast and it “is going to continue to get worse for weeks,” Frieden said.
Frieden estimated that in the next month, the US will see at least 15,000 more deaths from Covid-19. He also said cases will continue to rise.
Latin America has more than 2 million cases and already lost more than 100,000 lives. South Asia is approaching towards 1 million cases although the deaths are less but under reporting is a major concern. Inadequate testing, tracing and poor health system can take them anywhere based on severity.
If the virus "still has the upper hand in the US" then, just imagine what might be the situation in Latin America and South Asia. Need to be united to make an urgent solution.
June 28, CNN
Latin America is the current epicenter for COVID-19 with more than two million cases and Brazil has already lost its total control with collapsed economy.
At least 7.8 million Brazilians lost work between March and May, according to new figures released by the country’s statistical agency on June 30, 2020.
June 30, CNN
Recently, the Aymara intellectual Silvia Rivera Cusicanquí (Bolivia), has pointed out that "the decolonial is a fashion, the postcolonial a desire and the anti-colonial a struggle." Through this, she posits that in the face of the exhausted epistemological horizon of Eurocentric modernity there is a renewed interest in the knowledge that emerges in the context of the struggles for decolonization, however, there is no real political commitment on the part of scientists. The author points out: "the decolonial is a very recent fashion that, in some way, usufructs and reinterprets those processes of struggle, but I think it depoliticizes them, since the decolonial is a state or a situation but it is not an activity, it does not imply an agency, nor a conscious participation. I put the anti-colonial struggle into practice in fact, in some way, delegitimizing all forms of objectification and ornamental use of what is indigenous by the State. All of these are processes of symbolic colonization. "
I am interested in hearing and reading critical opinions about the decolonial turn in academic fashion. My question arises from some observations:
a) Epistemological violence in the social sciences that is claimed to be decolonial continues to be exercised from the Eurocentric "epistemological ratio". Where Latin America becomes a simple field of study. And where those of us who reflect from within the struggles for decolonization are erased from the map of knowledge production, since our texts are not referenced or academic extractivism is simply generated stealing local knowledge, exercising new forms of "indigenous folklorization".
b) The main references of decolonial thought are located in universities in hegemonic countries. The intellectual activists of Latin America who have a conscious ethic and struggle with social movements are excluded from the circuits of intellectual debate.
c) An important fracture of decolonial studies occurs in the defense of the Nation State and the progressive left governments of Latin America, such as Evo Morales and Maduro, and a rejection of radical left or indigenous proposals that are raised from anti-state perspectives , libertarian and autonomous.
d) The depoliticization and lack of ethics of many researchers who claim to be decolonial, who through practices of academic extractivism seek to scrutinize indigenous knowledge, have been financed with multi-million dollar research projects, financed by companies and state research corporations (Por example mitzubichi corporation), and whose impacts have contributed nothing to the struggles of those who dispute the territory.
July was started with nearly 10.6 M total cases and around 7 million cases increased in a month to make it nearly17.5 million global cases at the end of July, 2020. USA is the epicenter and Latin America and India are other hot spots. Brazil and Mexico are tired to find out anymore larger graveyard. Peruvians are crying for oxygen. Indians don't find anymore empty bed in hospitals. Although Europe was considered as safe zone in July but unluckily the new outbreaks in Spain, Germany, Belgium are alarming. New outbreaks in Australia, Hong Kong, Japan and China are almost similar to second waves of cases. Cases in Africa are rising gradually and South Africa has lost its control with huge number of COVID-19 patients.
It started with just above 3 million cases at the beginning of May and end the of the month it passed 6 million globally. USA & Europe at last have shown success to control the spread of pandemic and started to reopen with few behavioral guidelines. Latin America is now current epicenter for Covid-19 and South Asia is another hot spot. Brazil is struggling the most to find out anymore larger graveyard. Peruvians are crying for oxygen. Indians don't find anymore empty bed in hospital.
Latin America and South Asia are now current hot spots for novel Corona virus. Centralized oxygen delivery system and ventilators are required in severe cases. Urban-rural disparity in health care management is not a new issue but during Corona crisis it seemed to be more prominent due to extreme inequity with poor healthcare facilities in rural areas.
Global economy will take at least 2 years to recover from Corona virus, says economic body (June 10, CNN)
All the sectors more or less affected by COVID-19. All the goals of SDGs will be influenced by the adverse effects of COVID-19.
Developed country can cope up quickly but about the low and middle income countries after the crisis?
Today's global cases top 7.3 million and USA has more than 2 million cases.
What about the Latin America? Brazil has more than 700,000 cases and nearly 40,000 deaths. Mexico is crying for larger graveyard.
Think about India, Pakistan, Bangladesh too.
Africa is not yet in scene.
(10 June, JHU&CNN)
I need literature (monographs, articles, strategic documents, etc), rather basic, to receive understanding about geopolitical developments in Latin America.
Among the 20 most unequal countries in the world, 8 including Haiti, come from Latin America (IDB, 2019). How to reduce inequalities? Can the study of territories help to better identify and reduce disparities? Personally, I think that yes, through the living areas that make them up, territories are an important part in understanding the phenomenon of inequality and building adequate solutions.
Eating insects in many tropical countries in Africa, southeast Asia or Latin America is a well established practice. Could this become a viable farming activity for countries in the northern hemisphere? What would be then insect species that may be successfully grown in north America and Europe?
Dear professors and researchers from Latin American universities:
I am conducting this research in 4 different metropolises:
Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Bogotá, and Lima.
If you are concerned about the quality of life and economic growth in one of these cities, would you help me to help you?
Simply enter the link, answer the questions (3 minutes) and spread it among your colleagues, students, family, etc. No personal questions are asked. Total safety, and ethically responsible.
We can make a difference! For all the people who help me to help these cities, I will share the database with 'Fresh Evidence' Thank you!
Prof. Aurelio Hess
Business and Economics Research Center
+55 11 2609 8713
+55 1198948 4940 Cel. and Whatsapp
I am a Communication and Science and Technology Studies PhD student at UC San Diego researching this topic from another angle. My research involves national innovation and development goals (which often aligned with United Nation development agenda) and digital fabrication and its networks in Latin America, specially Peru and Mexico. Do you have any information on this?
I am seeking advice about which countries globally have contracting and de-privatizing higher education systems? I am focusing on Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Estonia – but there may be more. I am looking for systems which used to have large private sectors which are now contracting – or which are moving away from fees in the public sector? Or both.
The aim of this strand of my research is to test the usefulness of the concept of “de-privatization” (Marek Kwiek, “De-privatization in Higher Education: A Conceptual Approach”, Higher Education, 74(2), 259-281) in higher education in the empirical context of Central Europe and elsewhere globally of the last decade. Moreover, it intends to explore how this new concept could be useful in global higher education studies.
Privatization processes as defined here include: (a) private-sector growth (external privatization) and (b) the increasing reliance on cost-sharing mechanisms in the public sector (internal privatization). External and internal privatization are viewed in this research as privatization agendas that include different processes for change that are dominant in various national systems. A privatization agenda refers to higher education provision (provided by public or private institutions) and funding (from public or private sources).
Clearly, there can be privatization without the emergence of private-sector institutions, e.g., privatization in the public sector only. By way of analogy, de-privatization processes in higher education refer to (a) private-sector decline (external de-privatization) and (b) the decreasing reliance on cost-sharing mechanisms in the public sector (internal de-privatization). However, external de-privatization cannot exist without the prior existence of the private sector in a system.
Empirically observed trends of de-privatization (and contraction in enrollments) run contrary to global trends of privatization (and expansion). De-privatization processes mean a decreasing role for the private component in the changing public-private dynamics in higher education funding and provision.
The critical issue defining the uniqueness of these countries is the privatization/de-privatization-demography link: privatization tends to be on the rise in expanding systems (almost everywhere in the world in the 2010s) and to be in reverse in contracting systems with heavily declining demography. However, demography is not the only factor involved; other factors include national academic traditions, social and political priorities, and national spending priorities. The four countries seem to value their public sectors highly and subsidize them accordingly—and they seem unwilling to subsidize their private sectors, demonstrating traditionally pure public and pure private sectors with limited cross-sectoral blurring in provision or funding.
We can imagine countries with decreasing reliance on fees in the public sector – for political and other reasons!
If you find any analogies globally – let me know about the particular countries!
Thank you in advance!
researcher in anthropology of religions in Latin America. I published four books and more than one hundred articles. I don’t know well your kind of
organization. If you can give me more details, It would be welcome.
(anthropologist in CRBC and CéSor in Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris)
Why the latin american ornithology comunity isn't that impactful?
I am from Mexico and in my exchange program at Galicia, Spain, I observed that in Europe, there are a lot of scientific ornithology associations. There is even one per country.
I searched for the Mexican Ornithology Society, but I think recently it shut itself down.
Where can I network about ornithological topics in Mexico and Latin America?
What are the main Ornithological Societies in Latin America?
Do they fund PhD projects?
Currently there is a tremendous debate in social networks around this issue, fueled by AMLO's request that the Vatican and the Spanish Crown apologize for the crimes committed during the Conquest.
The question is: did the colonizers killed millions of inhabitants of this continent or not (I exclude the millions who died from the diseases they brought, including the penultimate Inca, who died of smallpox without having seen a single Spaniard)? Then, if they were killed: was it genocide or not? There are those who use technical arguments to suggest that there were deaths, even many, but it was not genocide. Others say that you can not judge what was done then, with today's criteria; In all this, the centuries of exploitation of the resources of the continent with manpower, largely native, is not much discussed.
So here is the debate ...
The studies carried out by different scholars show that, in both Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), innovation processes, in their scientific and technological context, are ineffective. Therefore, it is difficult to create an appropriate environment for the development of new and better products and services in such a way that the whole helps the social and economic growth of these countries (de la Torre, 2014; Lederman et.al. 2014, CAF, 2013, World Bank, 2014). Despite some scholars describe the problem as systemic, is Wicked Problem (Rittel, 1973) an adequate framework to formulate these difficulties?
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), also known as the One Belt One Road (OBOR) or the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, is a development strategy adopted by the Chinese government involving infrastructure development and investments in 152 countries and international organizations in Europe, Asia, Middle East, Latin America and Africa.
The BRI is twelve times more than the Marshal Plan. Do you believe this initiative will change the world? Is your country joining this initiative? Why do you think the BRI is good or bad for your country?
I am working on a toolkit of social protection (SP) policies and programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean, and I am interested in knowing more about SP tools that have proved effective to protect individuals, families, and communities from the consequences of natural disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, etc.), especially in a developing country context. Thanks.
Bario is famous for its rice. However, one of Bario’s hidden treasures is its salt, made from salt spring but sold in very little quantities at the local marketplace that its existence is not commonly known outside of Miri, even for the Sarawakians.
From a geological prospective, the more intriguing question is - where is the origin of the salt? The Late Charles Hutchison had suggested an evaporate origin but I believe so far there is no detail scientific investigation has been conducted on the mineral and isotopic composition of the salt, nor the brine that may have geological and climatic implications and shed some light on the tectonic evolution of the complex Sarawak hinterland.
Therefore, it would be greatly appreciated if friends and colleagues in RG can share some thoughts on the subject, or point to any publication available for references of other altiplano or highland salts found in Latin America’s Bolivia, Mexico or in Tibet.
There are few publications on overcrowding in the emergency department, especially in Latin America. NEDOCS is an instrument used frequently, but not applicable to our hospital. What other instruments can be applied.
Are there studies about the importance of stock markets and their impact on the economic growth of Latin American countries?
Thanks for your help.
I have seen in the last decades in Latin America, that countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia, have move to try to organize national systems of research, in which the classification of research groups as well of researchers, is officially made in a periodical way. E.g. in Colombia, research groups, after criteria-based measurement (based mainly in article and other products historic and recent performance), classifies them in four levels: A1 (highest recognition), A, B and C. Also researchers as: junior, associate and senior (highest recognition). Then, my question is in which other countries, a national science agency classifies and certifies the research groups and researchers officially?
Recent results (2017) of classification of research groups and researchers in Colombia by the national agency Colciencias (in Spanish):
Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales
Research Group Public Health and Infection A1,
Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira,
Propose a discovery or hypothesis for the first time is important in science. Frequently, pioneering research is published in abstracts of scientific meetings (for example, the abstracts of the Society for Neuroscience). In these meetings, new, preliminary and / or controversial ideas are more welcome than in the journals and they are defended face to face...
Therefore, the publication of the title and the date of the abstract in the references of a paper is very important.
Is this a good reason to convince reviewers that they should accept abstracts in the references?
Why do some reviewers not accept this easily?
How many publications have really been withdrawn or rejected because of disagreements on this issue?
There is increasing evidence that, particularly after the 2007 crisis, land has become an important form of investment alternative to financial assets. The presence of large-scale land acquisitions in the Global South has important consequences on both environmental degradation and food security in the region.
There is also some evidence that wealth concentration has played an important role in the demand for risky financial assets which led to the 2007 financial crisis (e.g., see Goda & Lysandrou, 2014, "The contribution of wealth concentration to the subprime crisis". Cambridge Journal of Economics 38: 301-327).
I am interested in exploring whether, after the 2007 crisis, wealth concentration has been playing a role in the phenomenon of land grabbing in the Global South (particularly but not exclusively in Latin America).
Thank you all for your help!
Special issue on Mineral Deposits of Latin America and the Caribbean (Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana)
Heads up! We are intending to publish a special issue on Mineral Deposits of Latin America and the Caribbean in the Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana (BSGM, http://boletinsgm.igeolcu.unam.mx/bsgm/). The BSGM is a completely free access semi-annual journal, the oldest strictly peer-reviewed journal on Earth Sciences in Mexico and one of the oldest in Latin America, and is included in the Web of Science, Journal Citation Reports, SciELO, Scopus, and in many other instruments. We do not aim to restrict our scope to any type of deposits or type of studies, and all contributions related to the formation of mineral deposits in Latin America, the Caribbean or conterminous regions are most welcome, from the regional to the mineral-association scales of observation and analysis. Both original research papers and original thematic reviews are welcome as either full-length papers or short notes. Both Industry and Academia authors are encouraged to submit their contributions. Contributions focused on mineral deposits from Mexico, Cuba, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela and the Dominican Rep. are so far lined up! The guest editors to this special issue are · Joaquín A. Proenza (Universitat de Barcelona), · Lisard Torró (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú), and · Carl E. Nelson (Recursos del Caribe S.A.). All inquiries associated with this special issue or the journal itself are be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief of the BSGM (Antoni Camprubí, firstname.lastname@example.org). Contributions can be written in either English or Spanish, and must adhere to our instructions to authors (http://boletinsgm.igeolcu.unam.mx/bsgm/index.php/instrucciones-instructions). We apply no restrictions with regard to number of pages, number of figures or tables (other than those determined by our valued scientific reviewers), and we do not charge for coloured figures of for any other matter. First, we need to have a precise idea of how many contributions can be effectively expected for this call for papers; therefore, we need the interested contributors to kindly provide a tentative title, a list of authors (with their institution names and contact emails), and a 300-word synopsis of their intended contributions. Important dates: · November 3, 2018: deadline for submittal of tentative title, author list and synopsis. · May 31, 2019: deadline for submittal of original manuscripts · August 31, 2019: deadline for all revisions by peers of submitted manuscripts. · October 31, 2019: deadline for submittal of revised manuscripts. · April 30, 2020: deadline for online publication of all accepted contributions. The dates above are only tentative and may be corrected depending on the amount of contributions to this issue. Any changes in schedule will be notified to all contributors as soon as necessary. Do not hesitate to forward this message to any colleagues you may consider to have a potential interest in this special issue. We will surely be most grateful to you for your help in disseminating this information.
Actually, we are developing a research based on the theme of smart cities for latin american settlements and specially informal settlements, with an specifical methodology for upgrading quality of life and housing through technology in this areas. This question is a main-core research question and seeks for a general approach of researchers, architects and urban planners on how we can come to an agreement, facing different aspects, always taking in account the idea of sustainability in smart cities and neighborhoods. Thank you very much.
Are there any researches about preschool childcare in Latin America? Next year I plan to start a project about preschool childcare systems in different countries and their influence on the economic development. There are a lot of information about the Asian and European countries and few articles about Latin America.
There is increasing evidence that, particularly after the 2007 crisis, land has become an important form of investment alternative to financial assets. The presence of large-scale land acquisitions in the Global South has important consequences on both environmental degradation and food security in the region.There is also some evidence that wealth concentration has played an important role in the demand for risky financial assets which led to the 2007 financial crisis (e.g., see Goda & Lysandrou, 2014, "The contribution of wealth concentration to the subprime crisis". Cambridge Journal of Economics 38: 301-327).I am interested in exploring whether, after the 2007 crisis, wealth concentration has been playing a role in the phenomenon of land grabbing in the Global South (particularly but not exclusively in Latin America).
Thank you all for your help!
Yesterday the Brazilian courts upheld the corruption charges against Lula the front runner for the looming elections:
Also recently the Spanish courts upheld the imprisonment of the victorious Catalan nationalist leaders:
Are the courts independent?
Are the charges against them 'politically motivated'?
Do we see a trend emerging here around politics and democracy?
I have done similar regarding security policies in Latin America.
A partir de consideraciones sobre la metáfora e instalados en la perspectiva de la fenomenología de la percepción de Merleau-Ponty y de Ch. S. Peirce, que sugieren un sustento conceptual para el análisis de la seguridad en sus dimensiones objetividad y subjetividad, el propósito de este ensayo es el de demostrar que el ensanchamiento o acotamiento de la hermenéutica de la seguridad se inscribe en el dominio de los procesos analógicos del concepto y su transposición a dominios intersubjetivos que permiten la vinculación de lo objetivo con lo subjetivo a partir de su concreción en racionalidades textuales ¾interpretantes¾que instauran mundos posibles de la individualidad a la colectividad y viceversa: el ciudadano, la sociedad, estado.
En este encuadre, el objetivo del artículo es dar respuesta a la interrogante ¿Cuál es la racionalidad del uso de las fuerzas armadas en el combate a la inseguridad en América Latina y cuál es la percepción de confianza ciudadana en estas? El soporte no reside sólo en la hermenéutica del objeto de seguridad convertida en ley, se sustenta en procesos textuales jurídicos temporales y topológicos que transitan de la objetividad a la subjetividad y a la intersubjetividad convertidos modalidades jurídicas que responden a circunstancias securitarias específicas. De ahí su fortaleza política y social.
Para dar sustento a estos supuestos, el estudio examina las normativas primarias y secundarias securitaria que dan soporte a las políticas de seguridad y justifican el uso de las fuerzas militares en el combate al crimen organizado. El universo empírico del estudio lo conforman México y diez países sudamericanos.
We are looking for some information on the traditional and folk medicinal uses of the plant lemon verbena (Aloysia citrodora, syn. Lippia citrodora) in Latin America. Can anyone help? All types of documents including articles, books, theses, and unpublished data would be helpful.
There is increasing evidence on the effects of deindustrialization in middle-income economies, particularly in the countries of Latin America. These countries affected by deindustrialization are increasingly faced with declining share of GDP in their manufacturing sector and the share of manufacturing employment due to changes in their economic policies and practices (Palma, 2005).
Additionally, in recent decades, some advanced economies have recorded a significant decline in manufacturing sector's share of GDP and the share of manufacturing employment (Tregenna, 2011).
Trade and financial liberalization have caused problems to developing countries in terms of an inverse relationship between the employment in the manufacturing sector and income per capita.
I am starting research on the costs and benefits of small to micro-grid scale renewables electrification in off-gird rural regions of developing countries, in particular Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Just a question about civil war in Latin America. Did Nicaraguan civil war (1979-1990) and Guatemalan civil war (1960-1996) take place across their whole territory?
Btw, is it correct to call what happened in Nicaragua and Guatemala as civil war but what happened in Colombia (FARC) and Peru (Shining Path) as low-intensity guerrilla war/armed conflicts?
My reasoning is that the relative intensity of the wars in Nicaragua and Guatemala is heavier than those in Colombia and Peru.
but I am not sure if I am right.
In the 1950s, many Latin American countries experienced pro-poor reforms implemented by populist parties, like the Justicialist Party in Argentine, the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement in Bolivia, and the Brazilian Labour Party.
So can I say that the 1950s is a "golden age" for Latin America in terms of welfare and development?
My Spanish translator and I are trying to find a good, neutral Latin American translation for "kickbacks." In Mexico, I translate it "moche." She identifies "coimas" as more widespread. If you live in a Spanish-speaking country in Latin America, please tell me how this term is usually translated where you live. For clarity, an example: a kickback is employed when a public servant (or firm employee) receives a percentage of a contract's value, in exchange for assigning the contract to the firm that pays the kickback.
I am a researcher, educator, counselor and Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. interested so see what is done in this field in Mexico and Latin America. I currently serve as President of Universidad Hebraica in Mexico.
Recently, I was surprised because in my city, a private university, has funded a project which title/objective is to assess the efficacy of an antimicrobial therapy for an indication which has been demonstrated effectively enough for more than 3 decades, even included in multiple systematic reviews and meta-analysis (included Cochrane), as well clinical evidence-based guidelines. Then, the only justification is in the city this has not been done, but, what would be really different from the rest of the World, Latin America and other multiple cities in Colombia???
I have been asked this question several times. My answer was (more or less) that there is no real difference concerning the theoretical background - it is more about the geographical place, where the different ways of thinking were developed. The decolonial branch is Latin-american, closely tied to the "Grupo Modernidad/Decolonialidad" (even if it does not exist, as its members claim) around people such as Mignolo or Quijano. The postcolonial branch is older and has been developed in India and/or by Indians, tied to groups such as the "Subaltern Studies Group". What do you say? Is post-colonial and decolonial thinking basically the same? Is the decolonial branch a copy, an adaptation of the Indian theories?
I've made an intercise review about the principal debates on youth in the field of sociology, however I've found just some discussions regarding the importance of the topic for the social sciences, and some reflexions about it. But I still can´t find any current author or school who has a solid theory about it. What are the current theories for childhood and youth studies?
The others variables with which I'd like to study the theme of childood and youth, are the socialization processes, the sub-cultures or values of the youth, the migration and communication, mass media and the social networks.
Thank you in advance!!!
The phrase 'mulata toribia' refers specifically to Encarnación Ezcurra de Rosas, the wife of the notorious dictator, Juan Manuel de Rosas. It was used as an insult by her enemies, the Unitarians. 'Mulata' refers to her dark hair and skin but 'toribia' is not as easy to define. I have looked at some explanations suggesting that it means 'controlling', 'domineering', 'spiritually aware', 'intelligent' and 'determined', but I am unsure as to whether any of these translations are accurate. Any further advice on this matter would be much appreciated. Thank you.
I am studying the promotion of Social Innovation in Latin America as a enabler of social inclusion and the consequently decrease of urban violence.
I am studying the Latin America economic policies using the complexity perspective. My hypothesis is that in the cases of Neoliberal policies, there is a universal primacy to the market, but much differences in the other dimensions of the public policy. I attribute those differences significantly to the degree of complexity of the society.
This question aims at comparing impact of climate change on household in different continents. What is the most most recent finding?
I have a list of threatened birds of Peru and Colombia, but I need of another countries