Landscape Archaeology - Science topic
Landscape archaeology is the study of the ways in which people in the past constructed and used the environment around them. Landscape archaeology is inherently multidisciplinary in its approach to the study of culture, and is used by both pre-historical, classic, and historic archaeologists. The key feature that distinguishes landscape archaeology from other archaeological approaches to sites is that there is an explicit emphasis on the study of the relationships between material culture, human alteration of land/cultural modifications to landscape, and the natural environment.
Questions related to Landscape Archaeology
WAC2020 SESSION 18 – CALL FOR PAPERS
THEME: F. IDENTITIES AND ONTOLOGIES
15. Archaeologies of Identity
Organisers: Gail Higginbottom, Cecilia Dal Zovo, Felipe Criado-Boado
Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Incipit)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Direction (CSIC)
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We invite you to participate in our session. This session wishes to address approaches and interpretations that determine in what ways megaliths & earthworks first became phenomena in particular regions and/or why they didn´t. Connected to this is whether or not people saw themselves as affiliated groups. Indeed, we also want to know why some regions chose one of these phenomenon and not the other within the same temporal span, or gave one precedence over the other. The building of megalithic monuments is a worldwide, time-transcending phenomenon, hundreds of thousands were erected across the World, with some places like the Korean Peninsula holding about 30,000 dolmens. The fact that they still exist in situ, highlights their past and continued relevance in the Cultural Landscape today; it also highlights their on-going collective identities. A similar story is attached to earthworks like mounds, ditches, embankments and pathways and their combinations. Megaliths & earthworks are clearly a dominant form for creating a materiality of social & spiritual engagement across the World. Is it possible that similar material practices mean shared worlds in some regions, and how might we differentiate between this and co-vergent evolution? As these monuments continued to develop through time, it is possible that so too did their meaning(s). Or is this rationale only an assumption, and indeed rather misguided? With such deliberations, this session, then, also wishes to see evidence that might answer this for us, too, or indeed provide evidence for the stability of a cultural practices, meaning and identity through time. Perhaps there is macro and micro evidence that displays stability but the micro reveals the forms of change within local communities. We are seeking works that present ideas related to these themes and which seek to answer questions such as these, or indeed, by default, have done so.
Keywords: Megaliths, Earthworks, Cultural Landscapes, Social engagement, Shared Worlds
Many analyst ran the dissolution method without the sinkers and justified that the sinker did not require them. Is this correct? Is it mandatory to use sinkers in the dissolution testing of capsules?
as per title, I am rather confused as to using slope raster in degree or percent when implementing Tobler function in GIS. Some sources (A, B, C) seem to point to slope degree, while other ones (D) seem to point to a slight modification of percent slope (actually, slope percent / 100).
Any guidance on this matter will be appreciated.
(C) Conolly, J. & M. Lake, 2006. Geographic Information Systems in Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridege University Press.
(D) Herzog, I., 2014. A Review of Case Studies in Archaeological Least-cost Analysis, Archeologia e Calcolatori 25, 223–39.
Hi, I'm looking for publications in which the scatter of medieval pottery around villages brought there by manuring is mapped. When doing fieldwalking and recording the findspots of the shards using a GPS receiver, which method would you suggest?
I recently saw an article summary about scientists using Lidar to locate sites of past civilizations. I'm interested in learning more about how to do this.
Do you believe in portable XRF dating of desert varnish?
Do you think that associated dates for single component sites spatially associated with the rock art are reasonable?
What techniques have you used?
How have you attempted to obtain chronological controls?
I wish to test the hypothesis that prehistoric populations moved to sheltered locations during the Little Ice Age along the Bering sea coast but I don't know how to characterise a sheltered bay or locations vs not sheltered especially to use in a GIS study. Are there specific parameters that define a sheltered location along a coastline that I could or should use for predictive modelling for instance?
Hello, is there anyone on here who knows of rock art images of horsemen in the old Chichimeca territory of the 1500s and 1600s? According to Spanish sources, Chichimeca groups like the Guachichiles were using horses and keeping horse herds as early as the 1560s. Thanks for any suggestions on this subject.
(Image of petroglyph below is from New Mexico).
I recently sent shallow soil samples taken at two archaeological sites in the Little Karoo, Western Cape Province, South Africa, to be tested for chemical traces such as phosphorus and calcium etc. The results show rather high P values near the actual sites and less further away. However I cannot find anyone who can help interpret them in the light of thousands of years of human habitation. Neither site can have been artificially fertilised in the past being on steep slopes below cliffs in very rugged country.
I am looking for research into the amount of total waste generated and enriching the surrounding soil, by a nuclear hunter-gatherer-pastoralist family (about 6 people) living off the land with no modern conveniences, and with about 5 goats or sheep and two dogs!? ..
Iron Age, Scotland, Subterranean, Cave, ritual, not including Souterrrains. Thank you. A site name would help, an excavator name would help more, links to papers or details of publication would be best.
The great alluvial Plain of Catania (Piana di Catania) is situated in the East of the mediterranean island of Sicily. Basically two rivers flow there along the sides of the plain into the sea: Simeto and Gornalunga. The region is absolutely ideal for bronze age water engineers to build the usual bronze age water engineering. Yet, I cannot find any academic work on this. Sicilian archaeology is concerned only with the Greek era or with single settlements, not with landscape archaeology, as it seems. Any helpful hint is welcome!
I'm looking for early constructions of wells, sumps, etc. or pit features used for agriculture in coastal environments.
Particularly with regard to humans migrating out of Africa and perhaps transporting useful plants with them which then establish elsewhere along early routes. It seems that there is a global similarity between plants at the Family and Genus level which are associated closely with archaeological sites world-wide. Could this be due to anthropogenic transport, not necessarily with intent? For instance, seeds eaten in food remaining within the gut, or carried as food (possibly dried), and deposited at a new site where the germinated plant establishes, grows, then is moved along further after becoming productive much later?
Cultural Heritage has grown over the past decades to become one of the most pending questions to mankind. Individuals continue more than ever before to look into the very roots of their existence, which is a good thing to do. However, this root-treatment cannot be established by oral traditions only. One needs bio- and material cultural objects that reflect how our forefathers were living and left behind. Only since the mid 19th century, many of these artifacts are assembled in hundreds of museums where they are treated with good care. However, with the accumulation of artifacts and the restoration and necessary conservation of cultural objects, it will become a burden to pay for this type of work and as the assemblage will only grow, there will come a point in time that there will not be enough budget to pay for all that work. So, how do you see the future of Cultural Heritage?
I'm starting a project in which I analyze the relationship between various prehistoric settlements (Copper Age) and a high number of burial caves in Alicante (Spain). Does anyone know or can recommend me literature on ritual appropriation of territory by burial caves?
The number of sites is quite high so I will use GIS, any recommendation or application specific about it?
I'm writing my thesis on iron age settlement patterns on the Drenthe Plateau in the north of the Netherland. Besides comparisons with other pleistocene covers and area's in the Netherlands I would like to compare it with those in the north of Germany. Since I'm not that well read in German research I would like some help with titles that give an overview of the patterns (preferable in relation to the landscape). I would prefer publications in English, but titles in German are welcome too.
In his article 'Building, dwelling, living' Tim Ingold backs up his dwelling perspective by claiming
'the forms of organisms are in no way prefigured in their genes but are the emergent outcomes of environmentally situated development processes.' (Ingold 2000, p. 186).
However, biologist Mike Hansell (among others), who specializes in animal architecture, shows that the form of animal 'buildings' is at least in part innate ( Animal Architecture (2005), pp. 123-124). From this point of view Ingold's earlier dichotomy between design and execution seems more sensible than his later view. If we would accept this dichotomy, what would be the consequence for dwelling perspectives?