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Land Use Planning - Science topic

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Are there any examples of good practices and new paradigms that you come across when considering agricultural land use (especially the measures taken by developing countries)?
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Yaseen A Al-Janabi What I meant by agricultural land use was somewhat different, but thanks for your comment anyway and I agree with your point about the introduction of contemporary irrigation systems. Because land and water management practices specifically start in the field not outside of it.
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Respected sir/mam,
I want to simulate the urban expansion using different time series LULC based on satellite image. please suggest me most suitable model for urban simulation.
Thanks and regards.
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I have already been read many articles and found some methods but those are not cleared to me.
Can you please suggest me how to generate different LST map of each land classes using ArcGIS?
Or if you have any other methods to generate the LST of each land class please do recommend?
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@Pir Mohammad
I will try. Thank you so much for your valuable comments and suggestions.
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Hello,
I am looking to evaluate the quality of a land use plan in my country. However I am limited by availability of criteria to use. Do you know of literature I can review or advice on standards used in the planning profession when conducting a plan quality evaluation?
Your response will be much appreciated.
Regards, Malakia
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Your question helped me too. Thanks for asking here.
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I want to carry out land change prediction, is there a way i can easily do that on ENVI 5.1?
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In ENVI, image differencing and thematic change detection methods are available which are very easy to use. The image differencing method is used for change detection using raster images such as raster indices images.
Thematic change detection method uses classified initial and final mages.
It is reported in different studies that this method provides better accuracy.
Both methods provides detail change statistics.
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What kind of dimensions can use to study comprehensive urban form? Most of the scholars have mentioned about the Density, accessibility and Land uses mix dimensions. But these dimensions can not capture well accurate urban form character. Other than that, what kind of dimensions can use to understand characters of the urbanity.
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See for comprehensive overview and http://docs.momepy.org/en/latest/ for the implementation of the large number of measurable indicators.
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Different transportation, land-use, environmental, and other corresponding planners propose their work for new city urban plans in order to address the existing problems by identifying the major gaps they had. The existing land-use was following bad planning principles and it is already a failed plan. When planners integrate their proposed spatial plan to existing land use, they will have a real challenge in aligning. So, as a planner, what would be your choice to align the proposal you have with the existing land-use?
  1. Shall i follow the standard plan i have and remove the existing unplanned land-uses( NB: the compensation cost may be too large) ? or
  2. Shall i accept the existing situation as it is and compromise the planning standards?
What is your suggestion?
Any help is appreciated very much.
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From a southern perspective, I will go for option 2. Like @Luis Fernando indicated, we need to rethink our understanding of city making especially in the global south. Obviously the city is being shaped largely by the people as opposed to 'our plans' - let's plan from the peoples perspective (inclusive, participatory planning). Miraftab's piece on 'insurgent planning' will offer you a clearer insight of my point of departure. Hope this helps
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Hi guys, I am working on a research project that involves developing a sustainable land management strategy for a public sector organisation. I need good literature on the subject matter, any recommendations?
Thanks.
Malakia
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Please go through the following PDF attachments.
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I am studying about Remote Sensing, especially the application of remote sensing in land use land cover classification. I have a little bit of experience in python programing and am looking for a good resource for learning Python for image classification of various image data. Can anyone give me such a good resource, please? Thanks in advance.
Best regards,
Duong.
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Hi Phan Cao,
I think that ENVI (Environment for Visualizing Imagery) has a low entry level which allows you to get to image classification fast. The algorithms are state-of-the art for many applications including land use and land cover classification in supervised and unsupervised classification modes.
Hence have a look at the follwinf site to know more about this software, which I have been using for years now in remote sensing applications. It can also include Interactive Diagramming Language (IDL) when you need to program very specific appliations.
Here is the website of ENVI:
Lots of success,
Frank
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LUP through cities master plan for example in many countries is statutory based, fixed over longer terms (20 or more years), with many approval process even for minor amendments in any plan. Climate change impacts on the other hand are now real especially in coastal cities of Asia, Africa and even South America. my interest is to understand what exactly has been done in your country or the country you are aware of to make sure that long term land use plans are adequately aligned in favour of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.
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Overall, I would say "Yes". However, Land use planning has so many other implications that are social and economic (besides the typical environmental implications that immediately come to mind when thinking about LUP). It depends also on the type of investigation but perhaps the LUP as part of the 17 sustainable development goals is/can be a a valuable metric in mitigating global climate change.
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I'd like some short opinion, or if possible, some literature recommendation.
Also, the discussion about this matter is welcome.
Concerning Sustainable Development Goals: It's an important commitment of leaders signed in 2015, the aim is to renew the millenium development Goals of United Nations. For more details, see: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300
#UrbanPlanning #SocialAppliedSciences #UrbanStudies #SustainableDevelopment #SDGs #SustainableDevelopmentGoals #Cities #City #MasterPlan #LandUsePolicy #LandUsePlanning (...)
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I definitely believe that SD goals can be a guide for achieving good urban planning. See especially No. 11 of UN S goal for 2030 -"Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable" which recommends 7 objectives for sustainable urbanism. International Standards Organisation (ISO) is also working for the 17 UN goals by preparing standards for city development@ : Health standards, Climate action, Sustainable urbanism and cities are the first 3 standards in line with the said goals.
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Can anyone please help me to find some research papers related to 'solving land use conflicts of an agricultural farm'?
Thank you.
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I am looking for a support to complete my undergraduate project on developing a land use plan for an existing agricultural farm in Sri Lanka. I am a Survey Sciences student and I refer only the topographic aspect. Please if you are interested on that topic help me for develop the methodology.
Thank You.
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First you have to good information about the land use system such as what is the land cover change in the past , current as well as in the future then analysis the problem.
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Dear all,
I have calibrated and validated the baseline scenario. Now I want to develop another scenario with new land use map base on calibrated scenario. so I have the following questions:
1-should I start a new swat project and upload all data again and set parameters with the calibrated parameters?
or
2-can I copy the calibarted baseline and do as follows:
-copying the previous calibrated baseline scenarios
-noting to do with watershed delination
-uploading new land use map
-nothing to do with soil and slop map (they are the same as before; should we upload them again?)
-overlaying again
-doing HRU definition
-nothing to do with weather data (should we upload them agin?)
-again creation of input
-rewrite the input data (land use data)
-run again
-read out put again
-finish
Thanks for the responses and regards,
Shima
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Dear Shima,
Select that applies!
This steps are prompts of the video attached. I Run example SWAT input files for this purpose. See the zipped .MP4 video file attachment side by side. 
Two ways to change the land use and rerun SWAT.
Change the land use map ( time series or changing the spatial detail of the land use map)  OR:
Update the land use in % ( assuming some % increase or decrease in land use for selected sub basins...to account management activities). 
 STEP 1:
Start your step in the HRU analysis for landuse/soil/slope definition ► define and threshold HRU. Remember to update the lookup-table too/ if there is any change in your new land use class.
Follow the same procedure and Run SWAT again. No need to change the climate parameters you need to call though. If you update the existing climate data length and need to account future climate scenarios, you have to use the new input data. 
STEP 2:
  1. Edit SWAT input tab                      
  2. Watershed data                                            
  3. Land use update (.Lup)
  4. Follow the steps.
But this only works for selected sub basins for % land use change scenario series development; to see the changes in catchment hydrology due to %land use change for selected SWAT sub-basin ( see the steps in the screen record).
OR   go to HRU analysis tab in the ArcSWAT-ArcMap window.
              1. HRU definition           2. Land use refinement
              3. Land use split             4. Add sub land use
               5. Choose whichever applies to you. 
If you want to update the whole catchment once at a time and you have different land use map/ temporal resolution maps/ then you need to follow step 1. 
One thing on top of this!, the changes made during calibration should remain the same for validation.  
You may also use the SWATCUP once running SWAT ( find the SWAT TextInOut folder for the selected scenario and simulation). 
Regards, 
Gebiaw
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In Italy many service sectors suffer from entry barriers and regulatory constraints. As regards retail trade, Legislative Decree 114/1998 had altered regulations in the direction of liberalization, delegating some powers in this sphere to the regions. Regions were asked to modify their land planning laws to account for commercial distribution that until then was regulated by a specific and separate planning instrument. However, many regions applied zoning to reintroduce quantitative and qualitative limits to the number and the type of stores to be allowed to enter the market. This was done in two main ways, through general planning documents stating how the region expected large retail establishments to develop and be located, and by setting the required standards to allow for their localisation.
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You may be interested in this article as well which is also drawn from the Canadian context:
Webber, S. & Hernandez, T. (2016) Big box battles: the Ontario Municipal Board and large-format retail land-use planning conflicts in the Greater Toronto Area. International Planning Studies 21(2): 117-131.
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There are many literature out there using land occupation of energy system as an sustainability indicator to evaluate energy technologies, certainly it is the case for technologies with impacts of both longevity and magnitude (such as nuclear plant), in the countries where demand for land is high or in regions of biodiversity hot-spot; but for country such as the UK where the land is abundant, I cannot understand how land-use affects or impacts on the sustainability of renewable technologies
There could be visual impact on the landscape, for example in the case of onshore wind turbines, but this impact is rather subjective and not sufficient to be used as a good measure. 
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Let me explain the concept for you using the jetropha curcas plant as an example:
Jetropha curcas is used for producing biofuel which contains energy. We measure the energy content in jetropha per hectare of land. In principle, the less hectare needed to produce a unit of energy, the more sustainable the technology. The reason here is that large land needs more water to irrigate and more work to cultivate the land and so forth.
In summary, land use to produce a unit of energy from biomass like jetropha or sugarcane is a good sustainability metric.
Hope this helps answer your question.
Professor Yehia Khalil, Yale University, USA
Fellow of the University of Oxford, United Kingdom
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It is more and more clear that the solutions for a sustainable human development and also for a mitigation and adaptation to climate change have to follow a territorial strategy ( a territory as a landscape with people, thus a social process). The Millennium Ecosystem Approach in the proposed scenarios for 2050, shows that the adaptive mosaic development strategy, is the one that better supply the population with ecosystem services. In that sense a climate smart territory has to be managed in a way that contributes to sustainable human development and to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
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The paradigm of integrating territorial, value chains and livelihoods, as sure pathways to sustainable development based on approach for food, nutritional, health and livelihood security through climate smart territorial concept.
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If anyone have recent data of  land use change status of Nepal available please post for me ?
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Hy Deepa, you can download the land use change from Global Forest Change (Hansen, et atl)at 2000-2014. there is deribated form Landsat (30 m) and iots veru good for a country or region.
This is the link:
Best regards
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Let me define the river boundary as the line usually along the river course, which has clearly distinguished the river area and the others. I assume that the river area is the non-usable area because of the high flood risk and inappropriate for people’s living. I learned river engineering in Japan. In the case of Japan, the river boundary has been designated by law and managed by the authority since 100 year ago, aiming at promoting the flood control works smoothly resulting into damage reduction. Due to the topographical condition in Japan, the river boundary is almost same as the existing dike alignment. So for Japanese people, the river boundary is quite clear because of the existence of the dike system which have been made mostly empirically in over one hundred years.
When I visit other countries for some flood risk management work, I recognize some of them are facing or in the process of solving the issue how to manage the riverine area which is flood-prone without dike, and how to define the river area as high risk area. Very often they have some laws, originating a kind of riparian law, which defines an easement from the river bank or normal water line as a constant distance such as 20m. But I see an argument if such constant easement is applied to the riverine area land use plan, the flood risk along the river is quite different from local people’s experience.
Japan learned such constant easement several decades ago from Europe, but since then Japan has already constructed dike along the river channel and managed the river area together with such dike, such argument on the constant easement is no longer discussed.
If you know some country / area who has the defined river boundary for the purposes of land use and/or river management, please share any information on the definition and the methodology to define empirically or theoretically.
Thank you very much.
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Dear Kazunori
I will give a partial answer explaining the situation in two Australian States.
Land law in the six Australian States follows a similar pattern but there are unique characteristics in each. From earliest European settlement (began in 1788, but accelerated in the second half of the 1800s) the concern about river boundaries was not so much flooding, but first to protect rivers from pollution and riverbanks from degradation by grazing stock; and second, to allow general public access - for public purposes and also for travelling stock purposes in the sparsely populated inland. (Remember that most of Australia is dry and except in the coastal rivers, water is precious). For these reasons land was often reserved along rivers to ensure that the neighbouring landowners did  not exclude the public.
For example, in 1881, the State of Victoria reserved a land frontage of usually 1 chain (about 20m) along most named creeks and rivers from alienation (that is, sale from the State). While frequently leased back to adjoining landowners (to avoid costs of fencing), they remain State land.
In the State of Queensland, with much larger distances and much larger landholdings (commonly thousands or tens of thousands of hectares, reservation of a frontage was less common. However in the early 1900s, legislation was passed to compulsorily acquire (expropriate) the bed and banks of boundary watercourses (forming the boundary between two titles), without compensation. Since then there has been much controversy within the surveying profession about what "bed and banks" means. Some hold that it always meant the "high bank", the top of the topographical feature containing the river; others hold that it meant only the land covered by ordinary winter flow. An aberrant court case (Kedron Brook) complicated matters. The Government delayed for many years the amending legislation to make the situation clear.
The issues are explained in two departmental guidelines, attached. Please note first that although authoritative at the time, these were only ever internal working documents and never officially published by the Department; and second they are now old and superseded and cannot be relied upon as a guide to current legislation.
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I need to classify LISS IV data for land use planning but there is a lot of mixing signatures in between Roads and riverbed, Agriculture and Forest. So, i need some Hybrid Classification methods to do the same.....
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You could try spectral unmixing or sub-pixel classification as this technique will give you 'within a pixel' estimate or proportions of a given class. 
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Dear Colleagues  
We know the range of NDVI for barren lands is approximately less than 0.1 or 0.2, or for sparse vegetation is between 0.2 to 0.5 and for dense is >0.6, but for this research, in some of area we have dense gardens that after slicing, these gardens are named sparse vegetation! Probably, we don't know the difference of between poor or barren lands or sparse and dense and....
Yours Sincerely
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Hello dear brother
Gangs that are usually in the realm of 400 to 700 nm because the plant is not appropriate in this dark realm.
The sensor TM: bands 4 and 5 are
Of course, better to eliminate complications such as albedo effects of topography and vegetation to detect ratios of the band.
If we vegetation appears bright for about 700 to 1,300 nm, located in the territory of gangs that gangs in the territory of 400 to 700 or 1300 to 2500 nm are preferred.
The sensor TM: the bands TM4 / TM3 are appropriate. The ratio of TM5 / TM7 are also suitable. But because most of the clays are clear in this territory their use is not recommended.
with respect
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Dear Experts
  • I have generated rating curve for few gauging locations (located in different land cover) of lesser Himalayas and all have different rating curve parameters. Now I wanted to know the reason for these differences.
  • Is they depends of land cover or some other geology, if so then how can I correlate it.
  • Hydraulics plays important role there but all are mountainous streams so how the hydraulics can cause major difference there.
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The link between land use and the rating curve at a particular location is indirect. The main impact of land use/cover is on the hydrograph (as noted above) rather than the rating curve. Land use/cover can impact on the width and height of flow peaks, and this can lead to erosion/deposition which can impact on the local stream channel morphology. However, the main impact on the rating curve will be the energy of the flow at your gauging point, which will be driven by the gradient of the stream bed (locally as well as upstream and downstream), and the nature of the soils/geology at the site.
A change in land use can lead to faster rise to peak, and higher peak flows, which lead to greater erosion of the channel. This can be bed erosion (leading to a deeper channel with faster flows), or stream bank erosion (leading to a broader, shallower stream with slower flows).
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"Is there any possibility of bitumen/ asphalt releasing carbon dioxide while being heated upto 170 degree centigrade. Though its known that its ignition temperature is ~400°C still if you have any opinion or test results with you.... please share
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We really appreciate your opinion by taking a very few minutes to complete this online survey.
The 15th of December 2016 we release the second round of this survey. This new version is the result of gathering and analyzing the expert opinions of nearly 60 researchers from all over the world. With all this feedback, we have improved the list of candidate variables to be proposed as ESEFVs (Essential Social-Ecological Functional Variables). However, we still need your expert knowledge to make progress on the list configuration. Please, check, punctuate and comment the new list [the link is below].
Learn more about the E&SEFT Project in functionaltypes.caescg.org.
Thank you for your time and help!
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Hi Manuel
I found this article really useful, specially in thinking about practical examples of some of the "tenets", if you wish, of social-ecological systems. 
Liu et al 2007
Some other more recent work by the same group goes in detail about some of these issues:
Cheers
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Hello
I want to know can I select distance of my buffer area around my interested area by myself? or according to my main area surface? or according the type of my area?
forgive me for my mistake in English writing.
thankfully.
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Ali
I will give a qualitative answer rather than a GIS or quantitative answer. I interpret your question as being, how wide should a buffer zone around a national park be in order to protect the national park from incompatible or intrusive land uses around it?
First, it is desirable to know what is a land tenure of the surrounding land. It will be easier to impose a wide buffer on some landowners than on others. You might have to compromise on a theoretically ideal distance in order to exclude some antagonistic landowners.
Second, it is desirable to know what are the main adverse effects of the surrounding land uses. Is exposure of the national park to fierce winds across cleared land the main issue? Or is it escape of domestic animals such as goats? Or is it invasion of weeds from adjoining farming land? Different widths would be needed to protect the national park from these different influences.
Third, it is necessary to know something about the resilience or sensitivity of the natural habitat within the national park. Some natural systems are highly sensitive to disturbance and others are resistant. I would map the different vegetation types and obtain expert advice from ecologists as to how sensitive each area is to pressures from outside the area.
Fourth, where does water flow? Water flowing into the national park can bring undesirable pressures – weeds, turbidity, industrial pollutants, Urban stormwater, animal manure, or just changes in the flow regime because the catchment may be cleared or have large areas of concrete or buildings. If so, the shape of the buffer zone may not be uniform around the boundaries of the park, but may extend as far up the water catchment as possible.
Fifth, there will be practicalities to consider. If the buffer zone imposes some restrictions on land use around the national park, can the park rangers or other authorities adequately police these restrictions? They may want to secure the cooperation of adjoining landowners by paying them an annual fee. The size of the buffer may be determined by the capacity of the authorities to enforce the restrictions.
I hope that these ideas are helpful.
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Already done DOS1 atmospheric correction through semi automatic classification plug in inQGIS and converted to surface reflectance values. But htis thin layer of cloudy patch is causing problem in classification. Picture attached
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Hello Again,
I am the person who developed the COST and DOS1 atmospheric correction methods and wanted to follow up with a short comment (you can see papers related to these in my research gate profile).  Keep in mind that most, probably all, atmospheric correction methods apply an additive, and in some cases like the COST method also a multiplicative, correction using the same value for the ENTIRE image.  They are NOT pixel-by-pixel corrections so the thin clouds will NOT be removed.  Since the correction methods are entire image based ones they generally will not change the relationships of the various spectral clusters in the image and will basically just move the clusters around in a linear fashion.  Since the swir bands (bands 5 and 7 in Landsat 5 and 7 systems), and somewhat the nir band, will penetrate thru this type of thin clouds I still recommend that you investigate using these bands only to see what kind of results you will get (i.e., do not use the visible bands in the analysis).
Pat
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My sampling scheme is stratified random,
What number of points for classify Landsat image (for land use) do I need?
What number of points in field for classify accuracy do I need?
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Hi Bibi - Its good to take as much as possible points for high accuracy and the number of pixels in one point must be n(n+1), here n is number of classes.
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Scholarly guidance regarding methodology to this effect is requested.
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Well, TOD per se is a huge thing.  Do you want to work on BRT effect on sustainability, economic benefits, land uses and urban growth patterns, traffic congestion or environmental degradation? The chosen component will define your methodology.  
"Transit Oriented Development: Making it Happen" by Curtis and Lenne is a good read. 
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In landuse planning for future urban development in an area divided into regions, how can I decide the inter and intra zonal ratio of different land-uses in the same region and in different regions?
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Have you considered shift-share analysis?
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Looking for Land-use maps of Karnali region of Nepal with best possible resolution. Any help?
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You have a couple of options. You can create yourself a land cover map using Landsat images which are, as you might already know, 30m resolution. You can download those images from http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov. There are MODIS land cover products which have resolutions of 500-1000m. The MODIS products are available from the link https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/dataset_discovery/modis/modis_products_table. Also Gong et al. 2013 prepared a global land cover data using the Landsat data at 30m resolution as well. You can download that data for Karnali region (or any other region that you are interested in) from http://data.ess.tsinghua.edu.cn/. These global datasets need to be used cautiously though.
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California Bearing Ratio
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Carrying capacity usually means the ability of land to support a number of a specific species of organism.  I think you are discussing Bearing Capacity, and the weight that can be supported on a given area.
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I am working on LULC change detection by applying change detection techniques like image differencing, image rationing, PCA, Tasseled Cap transformation which produce change or no-change binary output. After that I have done supervised classification of original image and then applied post classification. Now I want to do cross tabulation between  the change detection results derived for different techniques against the post classification data. But I could not understand how to do?
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 I will advise you to same way: Erdas imagine Accuracy assessment tools to evaluate your LU/LC also you can use kappa index but it is not usefull at latest studies. You will use maximum likelihood algorithm and accuracy measures like 0.82, 0.90  ....
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For presentation lulc mapping there must be higher percentage of accuracy. For this some new techniques  must be applied to obtain it.
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Recommended paper: "Death to Kappa: birth of quantity disagreement and allocation disagreement for accuracy assessment", by Robert Gilmore Pontius Jr & Marco Millones: 
Cheers
AG
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Land-use change is exerting pressure across the globe, but where are the tipping points? We ought to focus our research there... but where, and what issues are most important to you?
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Environmental change impacts more on poor persons and countries. Change in the use of the oceans (including seabed) and the atmosphere, the global commons, may have more impact both for the global and local community. And our knowledge and institutions seem less developed for mitigation of negative impacts.   
Just a little practical case as example on the disparate attention to land versus ocean from an economic and ecological perspective (attached). 
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Grazing land is a useful landuse in present days, so it's mapping and occurrence determination is important
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Dear Partha,
Two days ago I was in Jhansi and I had a short visit to your institute. We could have met if I known you were there.
Your question could be formulated better. As I understood it right, it has to do with biophysical criteria affecting grasslands. In addition to what has been suggested, you need more detailed information. For example many colleagues mentioned precipitation. In fact annual precipitation does not say much. You need information on the intensity and spread over time. Similar for climate. Slope is crucial as it is strongly correlated to soil and water erosions. In addition aspect is usually neglected though it has great influence on the ETP as direct sun light soil gets drier quickly and natural vegetation will not be the same for South facing versus North facing. You need to also consider species composition, any invasive species coming, past disturbance, etc. Grassland ecology is complex as several factors either linked to environment or to human affect condition and trend.
Best, Mounir
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Land use planning, Spatial optimization 
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Economic location criteria are then all about transportation and access costs. I cannot at the moment, think of any single article that would cover all these, but search for location theory and transportation cost models. Transportation here would include persons, goods, power, water, garbage, and sewage.
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When does the Post-Closure Period Of a Landfill Start ? According to the Criteria of Landfill, A Secured Landfill for Hazardous Waste has to be looked after for 30 years. The Post Closure Period is After 30 years ? Or is it After the Final Capping of the Landfill ? Or After the site is abandoned ?
Also, in Case a site consists of More than 2 landfills, Does the Post-Closure Period is combined for both the landfills, or is Considered Individual ?
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Post closure period should be defined in the permit.  When the site is closed, final capped, etc., the post closure period should start.  I have not heard of situation where it is closed for 30 years before the post closure begins.  Unless defined differently, my assumption is the time starts with final capping, and the 30 years monitoring wants to confirm that there are no issues, leakage, groundwater effects, etc.
I would address each landfill separately, unless defined differently in permit.  Your questions are best answered by permit, regulations for your locale.  The permit should comply with all applicable requirements for federal, state, county and local regulations. The land titles should be amended to indicate this activity, so people don't buy the land and build houses, develop, drill wells, or grow food on the area 50 years from now.
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articles or books
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A lot of the work undertaken by ESPON in Europe would be helpful. One example is:
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Our municipality aim to widen a congested road inside the city in order to decrease congestion, while this road is not covered by public transportation yet .
I want to argue that if public transport cover this road no need to widen the road anymore .
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Hi Farooq,
You have many good suggestions above. I would also suggest that street packing photos dramatically show the difference in land used. These have been done around the world. Attached are from Honolulu. One shows a couple blocks of 4-lane street filled with rush-hour single-occupant cars.  Another shows all the drivers without cars. Another shows all would fit into one lone bus. And finally, if they are walking or cycling they are hard to find. Add to that the land necessary for car storage during the day.
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The problem is not only to highlight the relationships among disciplines, but how to build (i) a transnational common vision: 城市规划, urbanistica, urbanisme et aménagement du territoire, raum- und stadt- planung, ...; (ii) a transdisciplinary vision with the agreement on operational protocols analysis, on data (ontology and semantic data), on the implementation of spatial data infrastructures, of interdisciplinary thesaurus and glossaries, all tools necessary to allow the exchange of knowledge.
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Dear Luca
Two ideas come to mind. First, you must arrange some forums that encourage trans-disciplinary sharing of knowledge and insights. Conferences, brainstorming sessions, workshops, diverse advisory panels - these are all forums which can encourage individual experts to enrich other experts' understanding and enhance overall understanding of how to approach the problem. Such forums must be expertly led in a manner that facilitates cross-disciplinary thinking rather than directs the discussion to a predetermined outcome. Choice of attendees, venue, timing, method of recording and especially chairmanship are important in setting up such a forum.
Second, even if you have a very good trans-disciplinary understanding of the problem, the people with that understanding are helpless or frustrated if their shared insights lead nowhere. In other words, cannot be put into practice. For any good idea to be implemented, you need a number of 'capacities' available at the one centre of activity:
  • legal power
  • influence or reputational power
  • knowledge
  • skilled personnel
  • funds.
The absence of any one of these can be fatal to a new initiative. A very common reason why good public proposals don't happen is that these capacities are scattered between different organisations with different headquarters.
A useful term to describe this concept is 'feasible path'. A proposal must have a feasible path towards implementation or it won't happen. Absence of one critical condition is sufficient to neutralise a lot of other good features.
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The land consolidation or the land readjustment is crucial in most Indonesian urban areas, particularly cities having more than 500,000 people living in. These cities provide not enough streets for vehicles traveling and parking with a lot of small paths to walk rather than paths for motorized transportation. Irregular larger blocks dominate the pattern of urban structure with ineffective urban circulation.  As a result, they create traffic jam and crowded movements. What is the best way forward to implement land consolidation?
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Dear Woko
The previous answers have good information.
I will add a quick comment on the governance arrangements.
In Australia, the preferred body to conduct a land assembly-then-land re-allocation exercise would be a statutory authority, rather than a ministerial department of government. Statutory authorities, while still entirely non-profit and entirely dedicated to the public interest rather than commercial interest, are established as corporations with more flexibility in buying and selling land, letting contracts and recruiting staff than the pure ministerial department. However, special safeguards need to be built in to ensure that they aren't corrupted by vested interests. For example, the board members and chief executive must be selected carefully to ensure that they have a public interest mindset and no conflict of interest.
I will also add a quick comment about the final paragraph of Peter Colwell's response above.
I agree that once the new settlement layout is designed and the new titles are issued, subsequent development (and possible subdivision) should be left to the new private landowners through private markets, so long as there are effective zoning regulations in place to prevent excessive intensification that degrades the liveability of the area.
I would add two points. First, please note the difference between the reallocation and sale of land (which is a transfer of ownership from the authority to the new owners); and the regulation of development through zoning (which draws on a different head of power, the sovereign power to pass legislation). Zoning regulation modifies or restricts the property rights that otherwise were inherent in the land title.
My second point is that the act of redesigning the settlement and establishing new allotments usually creates additional economic value. This value rightly belongs to the community and should be captured by the authority that is selling the allotments in the new layout. It can do this by selling at a fair market price through transparent methods; and by ensuring that the new allotments are a suitable size to match the proposed land uses. If the new allotments are very large, and require additional subdivision by the new private owners, then much of the additional value will be captured by the new owners.
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Hi all,
I am trying to produce an enhanced MODIS image to detect dust sources. However, this is my first time to deal with MODIS images, and I am on my own. I want to apply the following algorithms from Miller (2003) (Image attached).
My question is how can i set the "Normalization Bounds" especially for L2 in the image above? And for L4 how can I apply the expression in ArcMap?
Regards,
Tarek
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 Yes Eric. I noticed that, it should've been "," instead of "?". Anyways, L4 is so easy, I was able to perform it, but I am stuck with the others (L1, L2, and L3), do you have any ideas?
P.S. You've got the old email address for the author, thanks though! I have his recent email, but I wanted to try everything I can before contacting the author.
Thanks! :)
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To be possible improve search capabilities of our application Smart Point of Interest http://sdi4apps.eu/spoi/, we are looking for available open maps borders  of regions and cities. For Europe there is one options NUTS regions. Do you know anybody, if is there some address, where is possible to download all NUTS 5 data for Europe.
But the problem, is outside of Europe and also maps of some natural regions like Balearic Islands  or Alps etc. Any suggestions?
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Hi Karel,
I agree that it can be quite painful to find the (geo)data that should be provided by official agencies. I think that you can extract the data you need for EU from Eurostat web pages - there are official geodata sets of NUTS and more particularly also communes, from which more detailed levels can be extracted.
You can also check Diva-GIS and GADM.org for other boundaries but I am not sure whether they are in the desired scale. It also might be possible to extract data from OSM.
Please see the links for details.
Regards
Lukas
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I am doing a research on Nigerian mangrove degradation in the oil producing Niger Delta. Your response will make for useful input in this syudy
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Hi Isa,
You can use time series of landsat imagery to map mangrove surface area changes since 1970's. But keep in mind that the pixel resolution is about 30m most of time. They are freely availlable on Glovis website.
If you want to study the whole region it's fine. But if you study a little area you would beter use high resolution satellites (0.5-2m) such as pleiades, woldview, ikonos etc.  But, these images are often expensive ...
I also used a TerraSarX image coupled with a radiometric image (AVNIR but you can also use landsat or SPOT) to map mangroves in the oil producing Mahakam Delta in Indonesia. TerraSarX is very precise and AVNIR gives PIR information.
Kind regards
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multi-objective linear programming planning problem 
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You can contact Lindo Systems in Chicago and request a free student license if you are still a student. The license provides you with the unlimited variable version that should be suitable for any linear or mixed integer problem. Therefore, I agree with Sajal. Lingo allows one to develop an intuitive problem (in equation form), as do other solvers, but it is easy to use and the output is easy to interpret.
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I just want to examine the principles of smart growth theory which impact on or are related to land use planning. 
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Dear Farooq,
I would suggest four reads as following:
1. Wlodarczak,D. Smart Growth and Urban Economic Development: Connecting Economic Development and Land-Use Planning Using the Example of High-Tech Firms
2. Cervero, R,  Transport and land use: key issues in metropolitan planning and smart growth
3. Edward J. Sullivan and Jessica Yeh. Smart growth: state strategies in managing sprawl
4. Knapp, G.J.; Haccou, H.A.; Clifton, K.J. Incentives, Regulations and Plans : The Role of States and Nation-states in Smart Growth Planning
Hope you find these useful.
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What is the best classification of land use planning methodologies or approaches? any suggested good articles regarding this?
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Rabab Ali, regarding your comment on Oct 22; I think it takes us all "Back To Square One ".  In modeling you either start with your needs (goals), or you start with one actual piece of land and find "best uses". You can plan your "community", small or large on a paper, and then look for a suitable piece of land. Vice versa, you start with a piece of land, "empty" or not, and you will through different analyses find best uses for the future. Is this comment of any help?
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Green infrastructure can be defined as the design and development of infrastructure that works with natural systems in the performance of its functions. Green infrastructure recognizes the importance of the natural environment in land use planning decisions with particular regard to supporting the interconnected life support functions provided by the network of natural ecosystems (EPA 2007).
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Hello Mehdi:
Here is a paper discussing how to choose the places to apply UGI (urban green infrastructure) in a hierarchical manner, I think it is very informative:
Briony A. Nortona, Planning for cooler cities: A framework to prioritise green infrastructure to mitigate high temperatures in urban landscapes.
Regards,
Jiong
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Can anyone recommed papers on aggregates land use planners?
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Papers on land use planning/zoning seem scarce. As a planning and EA practitioner, I can share some experience. Small scale mining of aggregates (sand, grit, stones) for the building/construction industry in Namibia is not regulated by land use planning/zoning beyond urban areas. It resorts in principle under mining and EIA law, but operates mostly under the radar.    
In the Netherlands operates an industrial scale mining of building materials along the major rivers (Rhine and Meuse) for decades. The resulting lakes can be identified easily on any satellite image. This industry is regulated by regional land use zoning (streekplan) and subsequent EIA. I looked for a source in English, but found that all pertinent literature is in the local language.  The latter is a reason why peer-reviewed article on land use  zoning are so rare. 
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I'm working in a thesis about land use planning mining aggregates in Brazil. I need to know about some studies like that round the world.
Thanks
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An article dealing with mining exploration as driver for deforestation and ordinamento territorial is attached.
Let me share a few observations from other continents. Very often (e.g. Germany, Netherlands, Namibia, Mongolia) considerable portions of countries (including national parks and urban areas) are covered by mining exploration licenses. As practitioner I experienced that these licenses, although publicly available including their boundaries, were not made explicit or are overlooked in land use planning/zoning. Consequently, planning/zoning provisions were lacking for the event that the license holder starts exploring, for example because of a forecast of a price increase of a particular mineral or depletion of their current mine.
The nature of mining, long planning, investment and operational cycles (compared with 5 year land use zoning cycles), high capital and technology requirements, considerable market price fluctuations and low predictability of viable deposits makes dealing with mining in land use zoning difficult. 
Where land use planning/zoning does not regulates mining, de facto or de jure, EIA is often the statutory tool of last resort. For some thoughts see the second attachment. 
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any articles for optimizing land use planning using linear programming ?, Ben-Shahar article precisely?
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can you explain a bit more about Ben-Shahar article? what has that go to do with the topic in your view?
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Someone mentioned to me that Uruguay has land use legislation that takes into account the capability of soils to render certain services. Apparently, this legislation places restrictions on what can be done with prime agricultural land, for example. At the core of this legislation is a very innovative, older piece of legislation that links property taxes to the potential of soils, not to their use.
I am wondering if similar land use legislations exist in other countries. I have heard that Denmark has something along the same lines. Are these the only two countries that have done something in this area?
It would be nice to document such legislations in detail, to encourage other countries to follow suit... So if you have documents that relate to soil-protective legislations in other countries, feel free to send them to me . Thanks!!!
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Hi Philippe,
In France like in most countries national law requires to protect land use for environmental reasons but do not take into account agricultural values.  At the next level, making land use plans is a competence of local governments.
Poland has restrictions related to the agricultural value of soils, aiming to avoid the consumption of high quality soils for urbanization.  A good specialist is Anna Bielska, university of technology Warsaw: a.bielska@gik.pw.edu.pl
Kind regards
Anna Geppert
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land managment
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Land suitability of any area including hilly tracts depends upon the texture and structure of soil, fertility status, topography, water availability and soil and water conservation possibilities through terrace, contouring etc, possibility of human and mechanical power use, suitability of land for crop and livestock enterprises etc.
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I would like to know the methods used for land suitability analysis of an eco-sensitive zones.
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There are some wonderful new tools for doing this.  But just a caution not to get so caught up in the data that you forget the theory you want to apply.  For example, you might identify several great habitat areas in the region you are analyzing, but you need to grapple with the classic "one large vs. several small areas" issue that is fundamental in the conservation biology literature.  Also, questions of corridors, edge vs. interior habitat (the latter a function of area size), crops or trees that act as barriers to movement of target species vs. ones that are permeable.  Even if you are only looking at agriculture or forestry, you have to consider minimum sizes of fields/plantation areas and length and location of haul roads.  For some applications, you might want to go back to the 50 year old ur-source for suitability analysis, Ian McHarg's Design with Nature for a general framework.  The idea of overlays and assigning suitability points to given areas has much to commend it.  I'm encountering some of these issues in trying to analyze the suitability for development of a 40 acre suburban parcel where more than 200 townhouses have been proposed. The area contains a stream floodway (and floodway fringe) and large trees.  Among the constraints are locating a long distance trail through the property and the demands of neighbors on one side for as large a vegetated buffer as possible.  Computer mapping can be helpful, but it doesn't give a single correct answer.  One has to run through various scenarios, with some constraints absolute (no building in the floodway) and others involving tradeoffs (saving big trees away from the neighbors vs. buffering the neighbors from the new building).
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I need help for the "role of land use planning in tenure security". What can I read more in this area so as to get a complete overview of the connection between land use planning and land tenure security?
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Hello,
Watershed management is always an important component of managing resources especially farmland resources given the huge negative externalities that  capitalistic/productivist agriculture has generated in surrounding water resources. A significant issue is how the issues are managed and what sort of 'power' does a watershed management organisation really have ... it varies substantially between different jurisdictions even in the same country (e.g. Canadian provinces). When a water management has no power to enforce the approach has to be to communicate with, for instance, farmers and encourage them to adopt practices that ensure better water quality. In one case I have had dealings with, it has taken over 10 years for the organisation to get farmers on board ... on the other hand, it is likely to lead to more permanent results than simply applying rules and regulations which many organisations and their governments cannot do effectively because of a lack of personnel on the ground.
Effective water management can produce results that can indirectly affect farmland conservation and the maintenance of farms, but when it comes to developing rules and regulations, and applying them, we must always keep in mind that local, regional and state politics (and especially politicians) can make a substantial difference in whether the management is really pursued effectively. In the long term, farmland conservation and farm viability depends on a whole range of actors including citizens getting on board and helping ...
Chris Bryant
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Hello professionals,
I am working on allocating water resources of a river basin by using linear programming. One of the inputs is inflow data which can be calculated by SWAT model.
I want to predict how much the stream flow will change respective to changes of land-use. I have already known the land-use planning in the study area up to next ten years, then I want to understand how this planning will impact to stream flow regarding quantity and distribution. So I need a tool to simulate this planning to digital files that can be used by ArcMAP and SWAT.
Could anyone give me a recommendation?
Thank you! 
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Land Change Modeller for ArcGIS will be okay for you
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Creating and implementing protected areas in urban areas bring a lot of benefits to the city but might also bring a lot of conflicts, considering there is (usually) people living in or around the area. I wonder if/how impact assessment would be positively useful in these cases. Thanks for those who has something to share!
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Dear Marina,
I’m attaching two files concerning the question you formulate:
1. Nature and Countryside within the Urban Fringe European Periurban areas: characterization and management recommendations.
2. Green Urbanism and Biophilic Cities.
I think the following website about periurban parks may help you:
Good luck on your research!
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There are different types of droughts. Along with rainfall what are the other criterions for the delineation of drought prone regions of India.
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Certainly rainfall remains the main factor o to the assessment of drought but soil moisture also can provide insight on this phenomenon. Hence among soil scientists textural and structural problems of soil
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I am new in this field of study. I would be please to know about disabled children development specifically on how land use planning can contribute to their accessibility for education.
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My colleague is acting as coordinator of B.Ed special Education and she got Ph.D.in this special education area. can u contact her mail ?
Name : J.Sujathamalini 
website: Alagappauniversity.ac.in. (Alagappa University college of Education)
Dr.D.Baskaran
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I am intesrested in knowing that if we have different prices of fuel for different income groups then how would this help in reducing the usage of fuel thereby cutting down on environmental pollution. Also, how would this change the landuse pattern within the urban area. Or, would there be no change in land use?
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Malaysia has implemented different fuel prices for different sectors, and it has lead to the blackmarket sales of lower priced diesel to other sectors.  This was done with nano-tagging and investment in special equipment to identify the naon-tagging and after huge investments, the system eventually was dropped.
Now they are planning a new multi tier fuel pricing based on individuals income.  Which means, each time I go to fill petrol or diesel, I need to show my identification card.  That is somehow linked to my income, and that determines the fuel price I will have to pay for my purchase of fuel.  It has not been implemented yet, but this is what the rumour mill is saying.  Of course, the very rich, will have drivers to fill the fuel into their vehicles.  And if the drivers identification card is used, the rich vehicle owner may still get discounted prices.  Unless the system links a car with the driver.... The system gets complicated as you can see.  But it will probably also result in black market sales of cheap diesel from one side to the other.
You could probably study what Malaysia has done, and see the effects to see what will be the end result. 
Land use will depend on incentives given by the government to investors.  If for instance, the area has some resource, and the nation wishes to exploit that, it could give tax holidays and other incentives to attract the investor to convert that raw material.
In many cases, fuel cost may not be so significant a deterrent, unless you are in countries like China and India, where inland transportation costs are a significant element in total cost of the product.
When you compete domestically on an industrial basis, whatever the fuel price may be, if all manufacturers enjoy the same fuel price, then there is no deterrent to investment.  Hence land will be used by such industries and preference will be close to urban areas in order to have access to employees and markets for their products.  Generally infrastructure is also better nearer to urban areas.
Main users of fuel will be transportation followed by industries generally. 
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I fail to differentiate where I can group the informal settlements, in customary or it should stay independent?. Because I find it in Urban and mostly in peri-urban area. I don't understand in creating a tree diagram for this.
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Hi,
As Sayed noted, your question is a bit unclear. However, concerning informal settlements in general, there is no universal definition for these locations/areas. What is considered informal in one location may or not include land tenure. Sayed also notes that you should first start with a definition based on location and then move on from there. Its important to note, and I'm not discouraging you in any way, that acquiring information on the locations of informal settlements is often quite challenging for a number of reasons e.g. sensitivity of locating human populations, inefficient systems in governments providing for the disbursement of such information and of course, and most population I think, no information has been collected. These areas can exist both within (e.g. India) and the outskirts (e.g. Iran) of cities. History has a large part to play here because of previous colonialism in many developing countries casted poor communities to specific locations. Of course much have changed since then, but then again, we are often still in a state of stasis well after independence in many parts of the developing world. Each community has its own individuality just in case you venture further into comparison of inter community differences. The United Nations "The Challenge of Slums" report may be worth reading if you work with informal settlements.
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A bridge to develop between the urban sprawl and climate change are the basic standards to follow for the new urban development which must be sustainable.
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These are temperature and moisture (rainfall that are affected to a great extent by land use and development planning. Their impact on weather and climate can be felt at local, regional and global level.
Land use and climate has two way relationships. Land use change modify (change) climate and climate change results in land use change.
Land-surface processes form a dynamic boundary interface within the Earth system. The multiscale impacts of land-surface processes in modifying regional and via feedback on world weather and climate. It is noted from both the analysis of observations. Impact assessments frequently show that interactions between climate and land-use changes can create serious challenges for aquatic ecosystems, water quality, and air quality. In many cases, it is impossible to determine the impact of climate change without consideration of land use and land cover dynamics. It is why coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea ice global climate models are in most cases than none linked to land processes specifically with land use.
As far as parameters of land use bearing on climate are concerned, important are those which affect energy flux and moisture level in atmosphere apart from terrestrial (or biologic) carbon sequestration. There are two types of land use change: direct anthropogenic (human-caused) changes and indirect changes. Examples of anthropogenic changes include deforestation, reforestation and afforestation, agriculture, and urbanization and industrialisation. Indirect changes include those changes in climate or in carbon dioxide concentrations that force changes in vegetation.
The effect of land use on the climate parameters primarily depends on the type of land cover present within an area. For example, if rainforest is removed and replaced by crops, there will be less transpiration (evaporation of water from leaves) leading to warmer temperatures in that area. On the other hand, if irrigation is used on farmland, more water is transpired and evaporated from moist soils, which cools and moistens the atmosphere. The additional transpiration can also affect levels of precipitation and cloudiness in an area. In regions with heavy snowfall, reforestation or afforestation would cause the land to reflect less sunlight, resulting in the absorption of more heat on the land. This would, in turn, result in a net warming effect despite the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis during the growing season. Additional reforestation could increase transpiration, leading to more water vapour in the air. In the troposphere, water vapour is considered to be the biggest greenhouse gas contributor to global warming.
Urbanization is another change in land use that can affect the climate, sometimes significantly. Local climates tend to be warmer due to the increased amount of heat released within a densely populated area. Average temperatures in city centres can increase even more due to the high density of construction materials such as pavement and roofing materials since they tend to absorb, rather than reflect, sunlight. The phenomenon of higher urban temperatures, compared to lower temperatures in the surrounding rural areas, is known as the urban heat island effect. Industrialisation and agriculture directly contribute to greenhouse gases resulting increased temperature in troposphere. Similarly, roads etc. being impervious surfaces add to increased temperature in lower atmosphere. It is to be remembered that temperature in lower atmosphere is the driving force of all weather and ultimately climate phenomena.
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I want evaluating urmia lake ecosystem changes impact on regional spatial organisation. Actually as a effective force on spatial organisation change or reorganisation.
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Dear Haider and shirkou thank you so much for your Suggestion.
That is important and useful in this research but I need a appropriate method for comprehensive assessing in all of the aspect regional reorganization or functional  reorganization.
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I am looking for historical statistics on land use and land cover for India at (sub-)district level for the period 1950-2010. Are there any unrestricted web portals/documents through which this information is made available?
Thanks.
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How can we differentiate between natural factors and other economic factors that determine the price of lands? there are a plenty of factors that determine land price not in cities. it seems difficult to distinguish them or measure the effects of variables. I want to know some methodologies to find and measure these natural factors without including human factors such as distance to facilities or urban areas.
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location, richness of soil accessbility, water sustain capacity, water availability, slop rainfall climate etc are the major natural factors influencing farm land 
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We should pay attention to mobility, environment and usage of land.
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Very true Evert, but to my understanding , sound planning goes beyond calming or protecting urban dweller from unwanted sound. It strives to add pleasant sounds to the urban space rather than making the space quite. by doing so, mental and physical health can be significantly improved.
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Which method and product ?
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There are multiple drought indexes developed in USA to evaluate the drought effects. You can check them in this link: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/temp-and-precip/drought/drought-tools.php
Just using seasonal vegetation index (VI) from remote sensing may not be enough for evaluating the drought effect. You may want to use climatology data and long-term remote sensing VIs to find the anomaly of the vegetation. Besides VI, soil moisture, surface temperature observed from satellite can also be used for drought monitoring. But they will require more complex processing, usually with models.
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I've been working in a peasants community that had no land to cultivate (67 families), and now the government is creating a rural settlement where they will live.  I'd like to ask if there is any methodology for planning the settlement at landscape level (the hole area has 1500 ha), for better use and preservation of natural resources, such as water and vegetation.
I have already made some maps of the area, such as: land use/cover, topography, euclidean distance from the rivers, riparian forest, land use around the springs and the division of the lots .
Now we shall try to design resilient agroecosystems  and to plan a better way for land and water use, but I have no idea from where to start. Anyone had done it? Any article?
Thanks for helping!
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Polasky et al. 2008. Where to put things? Spatial land management to sustain biodiversity and economic returns. Biological Conservation 141: 1505-1524.
Groot et al. Exploring multi-scale trade-offs between nature conservation, agricultural profits and landscape quality - A methodology to support discussion on land-use perspectives. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 120: 58-69.
 
Do you have any soil maps of your area. That would be very important, and a good place to start. Soil and topography are going to be essential to the flow of water, and the stability and productivity of soil.
 
 
 
 
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How do I use HYDATA? What type of data does the model use? Are there manuals whether pdf/word/video tutorials?
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Based on a previous question of last week related with the existing (possible) technological gap of GIS applications (software and hardware) between developed and developing countries, I understand that some projects (national or international) have promoted new aspects and objectives of Geospatial Technologies to certain, developing regions of the planet. Knowing and comprehending the value of GIS applications within such projects could give a pool list of further information, add-ons, experiences, ideas and implementation opportunities to other scientists so as to support the scientific community that currently is trying to develop projects with similar scope to other parts of the world and maybe, they are not familiar with the existence of and adjacent, helpful project.
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There are thousands of projects going on all over the world that involve the use of GIS tools for rural and urban development. We used GIS tools for implementing an integrated water resources management projects in Africa which was financed by USAID.
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Due to increasing population and land prices, people occupy state owned lands in many countries. Therefore, the question is how efficiently can RS and GIS technologies can be benefited for quick identification of such illegal occupants?
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I do not think the time series data would have any help since it can only detect the change in settlement or habitat sizes. How this can be attributed to legality. You can only detect the illegal occupant if you have cadestre of legal settlements updated with housing units and blocks. Any new construction on the ground can be tracked by using RS data. But this can also be error prone. You might also stake help of street cameras and field data to identify the occupants. There is thin possibility using multiple technology. Unless we ensure proper and secure entry to the state we cannot track the visitors. Settlement needs to be mapped and faster high resolution data can be used to detect the change which might only give you starting data for further investigation.
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What are the hot topics?
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Dear Marc Oliver,
Thank you very much for very informative comment and the interesting link. CityGML3.0 seems to be a great project.
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What is the state of art? Which methods do you think have potential to be used?
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I thank everyone for the suggestions.
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Much thanks.
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The definition of the building site categories is given by a mutual combination of values of all the three parameters (horizontal unit deformation, ground curvature radius and ground declination). The intervals considers the building site categories as a criterion for assessing the effect of undermining to individual buildings, and it is a norm for this aspect. Many countries have also their own standards.
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To evaluate the land-suitability for agriculture and forestry one can apply different GIS-based multicriteria methods (e.g. Analytical Hierarchy Process - AHP). Which one is more suitable?
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Luis,
You should definitely try MACBETH (Bana e Costa & Vansnick, 1999; Bana e Costa et al., 2012). I have been using it since 1995 in consultancy projects and research (see, e.g., Oliveira & Lourenço, 2002; Bana e Costa et al. 2008 and 2014), and I found it easy to apply, because it only requires qualitative judgments to help a decision maker quantify the relative value of options.
Other multicriteria evaluation methods can be found in the book edited by Figueira et al. (2005).
References
Bana e Costa, C. A., De Corte, J. M., & Vansnick, J. C. (2012). MACBETH. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 11(2), 359-387. doi: 10.1142/S0219622012400068
Bana e Costa, C. A., & Vansnick, J. C. (1999). The MACBETH approach: Basic ideas, software, and an application. In N. Meskens & M. R. Roubens (Eds.), Advances in Decision Analysis. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 131-157.
Bana e Costa, C. A., Lourenço, J. C., Chagas, M. P., & Bana e Costa, J. C. (2008). Development of reusable bid evaluation models for the Portuguese Electric Transmission Company. Decision Analysis, 5(1), 22-42. doi: 10.1287/deca.1080.0104
Bana e Costa, C. A., Lourenço, J. C., Oliveira, M. D., & Bana e Costa, J. C. (2014). A socio-technical approach for group decision support in public strategic planning: The Pernambuco PPA case. Group Decision and Negotiation, 23(1), 5-29. doi: 10.1007/s10726-012-9326-2
Figueira, J., Greco, S., & Ehrgott, M. (Eds.). (2005). Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: State of the Art Surveys. New York: Springer.
Oliveira, R. C., & Lourenço, J. C. (2002). A multicriteria model for assigning new orders to service suppliers. European Journal of Operational Research, 139(2), 390-399. doi: 10.1016/S0377-2217(01)00367-8
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I modeled urban growth in a city for 4 different scenarios. How to optimize the results of the modeled land use in (say) 2025 and choose a best one? Basically, I want to evaluate the scenarios quantitatively. I have the city master plan demand for 2025. Is it good just to compare the results with the master plan map or we can adopt any other method?
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