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Publications related to Labor (10,000)
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Preprint
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Rudolf Chytil (1910-2004) was a Czech Redemptorist who was persecuted and even imprisoned during communist totalitarianism. For part of his priestly life, he was forced to work as an ordinary labourer. He used his linguistic talent, especially in translating works dedicated to John Nepomucene Neumann. None of his translations have ever been publish...
Research Proposal
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El 2023 se cumplen 50 años del golpe de Estado que derrocó al gobierno de la Unidad Popular liderado por el presidente Salvador Allende Gossens (1970-1973). Este proceso derivó en una dictadura militar encabezada por Augusto Pinochet que, con apoyo de civiles implantó el modelo económico neoliberal a través del terrorismo de Estado y violaciones si...
Chapter
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This chapter takes stock through a literature review of the knowledge accumulated so far on employment relations within app-based food delivery. It argues that food delivery platforms are facing increasing pressure from various actors exposing their (economic) vulnerability in labour and product markets. The organisational work model of food delive...
Book
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This book critically challenges the usual territorial understanding of borders by examining the often messy internal, transborder, ambiguous, and in-between spaces that co-exist with traditional borders. By considering those less visible aspects of borders, the book develops an inclusive understanding of how contemporary borders are structured and...
Chapter
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This section offers an introduction to this book, Designing Smart and Resilient Cities for a Post-Pandemic World: Metropandemic Revolution. This chapter explains some of the past perceptions of future cities and the concepts and notions behind “smart cities”. The chapter then continues to discuss pandemics and the case of COVID-19. The chapter then...
Chapter
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The aim of this chapter is to explore how the labour market in smart cities could be affected following a pandemic (or similar large-scale disruptions), the possible scenarios and what approaches to take given the different possible outcomes. The chapter discusses what labour market areas have been struck hardest during the COVID-19 pandemic, the r...
Chapter
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Artificial diets promised an economical way to mass-produce entomophagous arthropods for augmentative biological control. To date this promise generally has not been fulfilled and most of the commercial mass production of entomophagous arthropods is accomplished in vivo. Although many successful artificial diets have been published, these diet form...
Article
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We report on the clinical history of a young male laborer with Lichtman Stage II Kienbock disease, who underwent a scaphocapitate arthrodesis after a failed silicone lunate prosthesis. After 35 years of follow-up, no further surgical intervention has been warranted despite progression of radiocarpal and ulnocarpal arthritis.
Article
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This study investigated the effect of self-monitoring on emotional labor strategies (surface acting and deep acting) and the moderating role of gender in development. In anchoring the relationship between self-monitoring and emotional labor, the conservation of resources theory was used, while the moderating role of gender was based on sociocultu...
Article
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The meta-frontier model technique is employed to compare the technical efficiency levels of improved and local maize seed variety farms in Ghana using a cross-sectional data from 214 farmers. The study shows that inefficiencies in maize production relate to exogenous variables considered even though some of the variables are not statistically signi...
Article
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Purpose: There is a trend worldwide to induce pregnant women earlier. However, few studies have focused on women’s experiences. The aim was to gain a deeper understanding of women’s lived experiences of induction of labour in late- and post-term pregnancy. Methods: Phenomenology with a reflective lifeworld approach was chosen as the method. Twelve...
Poster
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MAKALE ÇAĞRISI İzmir Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2019 yılında yayın hayatına başlayan teorik ve/veya uygulamalı özgün makaleleri yayınlayan bilimsel, hakemli ve açık erişim ilkesini taşıyan uluslararası bir dergidir. Amacı, sosyal bilimler alanında geniş kapsamdaki makaleleri yayınlayarak bilime, insanlığa faydalı çalışmaları araştırmacılara ve tüm il...
Chapter
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How to organize clusters as local agents of transformative change, i.e. players that actively contribute to systemic sustainability transitions anchored in territories? We take a meta-organizational approach to the design of clusters for sustainability. We argue that achieving meta-organizational 'responsible actorhood' is a crucial condition for c...
Article
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While European cities were long argued to have moderate levels of socio-spatial inequality, recent years have seen a growing assertion that such inequalities are on the rise. Structural shifts on labor and housing markets since the financial crisis suggest that this trend has further intensified since 2008, but empirical evidence has so far been sc...
Article
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In this field study of the labor process of food delivery workers, we examine the new rules of time and new forms of labor time control in the food delivery industry. Food delivery platforms attract laborers with the flexibility of working time and place but simultaneously strictly surveil the labor process of delivery workers, thus establishing a...
Article
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In this article, our fundamental research question is to investigate the effect of the Coronavirus (named COVID-19) on the African American labor market. More specifically, we attempt to examine the potential economic impact of COVID-19 on the state of racial disparities among the African American labor market by examining two effects, namely, empl...
Article
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Negative emissions techniques (NETs) promise to capture greenhouse gases from the atmosphere and sequester them. Since decarbonisation efforts have been slow, and the climate crisis is intensifying, it is increasingly likely that removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere will be necessary to meet internationally-agreed targets. Yet there are fe...
Article
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Aim To describe the spectrum of parasagittal injury on MRI studies performed on children following severe perinatal term hypoxia–ischaemia, using a novel MRI grading system, and propose a new central pattern correlated with neuropathologic features. Methods MR scans of 297 patients with perinatal term hypoxia–ischaemia were evaluated for typical p...
Article
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This article brings the often-overlooked concept of the labor regime back to the study of China’s food-delivery platform workers. Two tales of platform regimes emerge: individualized platform despotism and bureaucratized platform despotism, which apply to crowdsourcing couriers and dedicated delivery couriers, respectively. This study compares thes...
Article
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As a consequence of recent socio-demographic trends and labour market transformations the role of grandparental support has become pivotal in individuals’ and households’ life courses. In Southern European countries the availability of grandparents affects young couples’ labour market participation and fertility decisions. In the present paper, it...
Article
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Detection of unwanted ('foreign') objects within products is a common procedure in many branches of industry for maintaining production quality. X-ray imaging is a fast, non-invasive and widely applicable method for foreign object detection. Deep learning has recently emerged as a powerful approach for recognizing patterns in radiographs (i.e., X-r...
Poster
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Recent HCI studies have recognized an analogy between bureaucracy and algorithmic systems; given platformization of content creators, video sharing platforms like YouTube and TikTok practice creator moderation, i.e., an assemblage of algorithms that manage not only creators’ content but also their income, visibility, identities, and more. However,...
Research Proposal
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Income Attainment and Hispanic Female Householders: Examining Educational Attainment, Labor Attachment and Geographic Region
Conference Paper
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In recent years, the topic of introducing flexible working hours and teleworking is increasingly finding its place in search of modern effective methods to increase productivity, and their direct connection with employee safety and satisfaction. Remote work and flexible part-time work are possible owing to the use of modern technical means, the Int...
Conference Paper
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TÍTULO: EL PAPEL DEL LIDERAZGO EN EL PROFESOR DEL FUTURO AUTOR: GASTÓN SANGLIER CONTRERAS SIMPOSIO: EDUCACIÓN, DEPORTE Y FUNCIONES COGNITIVAS. Introducción.-Si bien las habilidades de liderazgo que poseen los profesores universitarios son importantes en el aprendizaje de los estudiantes, la mayoría de las investigaciones de pregrado y liderazgo, se...
Chapter
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An industrial labour force emerged in South Asia, mostly in current India, in the second half of the 19th century, and continued to expand in the 20th century. New export-oriented industries created employment for many workers, many of them migrants from often remote rural areas, and mostly men. Despite this growth, the labour force structure did n...
Article
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Intelligent robots for fruit harvesting have been actively developed over the past decades to bridge the increasing gap between feeding a rapidly growing population and limited labour resources. Despite significant advancements in this field, widespread use of harvesting robots in orchards is yet to be seen. To identify the challenges and formulate...
Preprint
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Did long-distance trade in the Roman world operate on a sufficiently big scale to increase the overall size of markets, enabling specialization of labor and thus Smithian growth? Although the Malthusian model represents the dominant view to describe the economic performance of the ancient world, economic theory suggests that the Smithian model coul...
Presentation
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Los éxitos y fracasos que tenemos en nuestro trabajo no siempre son interpretados de la misma manera. En este sentido, la teoría de la atribución (e.g., Weiner, 1986; Martinko & Mackey, 2019) se ha utilizado para proponer que las personas pueden tener diferentes estilos atributivos. Aunque varias escalas de medida se han propuesto al respecto, ésta...
Article
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Determinants of housing prices are particularly significant for monitoring and understanding housing prices. Traditional variables are measured through official statistics or questionnaire surveys, which are labour intensive and time-consuming. New forms of data, such as point of interest or street view imagery, have been used to extract housing lo...
Article
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When manufacturing firms employed labour on a low-wage contract in big numbers during the post-reform in India, the demand for cheap contract labourers increased and contract labourers were prepared to work for lower wages as they were not unionised and could not bargain for higher wages. So, have regular workers tried to organise their contractual...
Article
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Growth in international trade between countries at different levels of development is one of the main drivers of economic globalization. This phenomenon relates to the new international division of labour in which an Emerging Periphery, hosting the offshoring and outsourcing of world manufacturing, stands between a developed Center and a still back...
Article
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In the platform economy, digital labor platforms (DLPs) enable remote work by intermediating transactions between platform-dependent entrepreneurs (PDEs) and clients. Information asymmetry arises, however, because PDEs engaged in remote work often are more informed about their abilities than clients are, which may lead to the “lemons problem” and c...
Article
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Small and medium companies (SMCs) are needed for the successful and meaningful development of the South African economy. These companies bring a significant reduction in unemployment levels. Apart from lowering unemployment levels, SMCs play a pivotal role in transforming the South African economy. However, there is a high failure rate of small and...
Article
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This study aimed to analyze the role division of husband and wife in dual earner families based on gender. Basically, gender roles can be defined as the social relationship between husband and wife and the social construction resulted from that relationship. The consequence is the roles division based on gender may vary between communities, but it...
Preprint
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The complex web of interactions in biological communities is an area of study that requires large multifactorial experiments with sufficient statistical power. The use of automated tools can reduce the time and labor associated with experiment setup, data collection, and analysis in experiments aimed at untangling these webs. Here we demonstrate to...
Article
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The European Union has been working on migration issues for several years now and several policies and structures have been developed to better manage processes connected to migration. Legal labour migration remains one of the challenges and is still a very fragmented and limited process. For some specific categories, legal labour migration is much...
Article
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To determine the solubility of the drug compounds in supercritical fluid carbon dioxide, several models could be developed to avoid the time-consuming computations with poor results. Theoretical methods are applied to limit the expensive experimental apparatus and strenuous manual labor. In this study, a radial basis function neural network (RBFNN)...
Article
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Drawing on Berardi (2011), and Hägglund (2008), Mark Fisher (2009; 2014;2021) posits two pillars upon which his thoughts on history and philosophy are built; the first, what is called a slow cancellation of the future, or in a general sense, how the XX century more than simply casting its shadows over the XXIst, it never really ended. For Fisher, t...
Article
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Points out the importance of research in access to prison records, particularly private for-profit prisons funded by taxpayers.
Article
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There is a rising concern with increasing rates of pharmacologically induced labour and its complications. Membrane sweeping is a simple and less invasive means of initiating spontaneous labour onset. We compared the safety and efficacy of membrane sweeping. A total of 186 women (62 in each arm) were recruited at the antenatal clinic at 39 weeks. T...
Article
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To cultivate correct labour values and good labour quality of college students and effectively promote the development of their labour concept education, this work explores the impact of wireless network mobile devices on college students' labour concept education under the environment of artificial intelligence. Firstly, a questionnaire survey is...
Article
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This study aims to deremine the social mobility of fishing communities in Palabuhanratu District, Sukabumi Regency. This research was conducted using a survey method. The result showed that the social mobility of fishing communities in Palabuhanratu District experienced upward social mobility, downward social mobility, and horizontal social mobilit...
Article
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RESUMEN Las personas que se identifican como LGBTI reciben a menudo actos de violencia y discriminación, el objetivo fue el determinar la asociación entre la percepción de violencia según el sexo de nacimiento y el contexto en el que vive la población LGBTI en el Perú. El presente es un estudio transversal analítico, de análisis de datos secundario...
Conference Paper
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Resumen La investigación se desarrolla en el ámbito de la enseñanza universitaria y se centra en la figura del profesor. El objetivo principal es analizar y explicar la relación entre su participación en una comunidad de práctica y su enseñanza. El estudio es de corte cualitativo, de caso único. Participaron una profesora, líder de la comunidad y u...
Book
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El Seminario Permanente de Políticas Sociales (SPPS), coordinado por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO-Cuba) y coauspiciado por la Fundación Friedrich Ebert (FES) desde 2015 hasta 2020, surgió ante la necesidad de fortalecer los vínculos entre la producción de conocimientos y la toma de decisiones, y con ello elevar la arista...
Chapter
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Adoptar un estilode vida, según la OMS, es la adquisición de una serie de patrones de comportamiento identificables, fijos o no, acordes a la situación social de cada individuo y que repercutirán a corto o largo plazo en su bienestar y en su longevidad. Llevar o no un estilo de vida saludable está determinadopor los medios sociales, culturales y ec...
Article
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How does inequality between capital and labor affect immigration policy? Increasing inequality can heighten anti-immigrant attitudes among host-state workers. Yet, for labor-intensive firms, their increasing share of the value added provides more business opportunities to expand their production, which in turn leads to increased business support fo...
Book
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Esta obra documenta las vivencias del autor durante el estudio de la migración laboral regulada con visas H2-A como integrante de un grupo de trabajadores agrícolas purhépecha de Michoacán, México, que tradicionalmente migran a Elba, Nueva York. En el diario se explica cómo, cuándo, dónde y por qué se involucró en la migración por contrato, así com...
Article
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The article describes the characteristic features of Work 4.0 in the conditions of digitalization and the application of artificial intelligence. It is indicated that Work 4.0 lays the foundations for the formation and reproduction on a network, digital basis of a new chain of technological, institutional, organic, managerial transformations. It is...
Article
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It is the responsibility of colleges and universities to nurture talents for the country. In the final analysis, the purpose of teaching, scientific research, and social services in colleges and universities is to educate people. The study of labor education, in the face of the important historical opportunity of transformation, is a theoretical re...
Article
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Partiendo del hecho de que la movilidad humana no es un fenómeno nuevo en la historia, el autor de este interesantísimo escrito nos pone frente a un análisis de este fenómeno en la región centroamericana. Tanto las migraciones dentro de la región, como las que se verifican fuera de ella, están consideradas aquí por su influencia en la realidad econ...
Thesis
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This dissertation explores the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administrations (NAV) follow-up of sick-listed employees. The dissertation found that this work is increasingly complex in nature, potentially altering NAV frontline workers’ professional role. Thus, it concludes that more attention should be paid to the contextual, structural, and organis...
Article
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Forced labour was central to the provision of public infrastructure in African colonies. Whereas current historiography focuses on the role of external drivers, such as humanitarian organizations or the Forced Labour Convention of 1930, in triggering change, no attention has been paid to the local initiatives that contributed to the end of forced l...
Article
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There are many occasions, a few people may die because of lack of efficient resources, lack of technology, and dependent more on human efforts when painting for high buildings and high temple arches. Whenever the high buildings and temples arches need to be coloring, they consume more time and a greater number of labor to complete it. The finishing...
Chapter
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Un estudio realizado por la Agencia Española de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición muestra como el número de niños y adolescentes con problemas de sobrepeso ha aumentado un 8,6% entre los años 1998 y 2019, situando la inactividad física y la obesidad como los principales factores. La Constitución Española señala como labor de los poderes públicos la...
Article
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Uno de los objetivos subyacentes de la docencia universitaria actual es intentar conectarla con la realidad profesional con la que se van a encontrar los/as egresados/as con posterioridad en el mercado laboral. En materias muy aplicadas, la existencia de una regulación normativa oficial se convierte en un elemento clave para el éxito de cualquier p...
Preprint
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The Fair Labor Standards Act's minimum wage laws provide important protections for workers. However, it still permits employers to pay subminimum wages to youth under age 20, student-vocational learners, full-time students, individuals with disabilities, and tipped workers. This has important economic consequences, especially for economically vulne...
Article
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Understanding the demographic history of populations is a key goal in population genetics, and with improving methods and data, ever more complex models are being proposed and tested. Demographic models of current interest typically consist of a set of discrete populations, their sizes and growth rates, and continuous and pulse migrations between t...
Article
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Objective In 10% of term deliveries and 40% of preterm deliveries, the fetal membrane (FM) ruptures before labor. However, the ability to predict these cases of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is very limited. In this paper, our objective was to determine whether a prediction method based on...
Article
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El artículo detalla la formulación de un modelo de gestión aplicado a un proyecto de inclusión laboral de personas con discapacidad;el objetivo de la investigación es consolidar un modelo de gestión organizacional inclusivo, basado en las 3C: Corporación (C1), Clientes,(C2) y Colaboradores (C3). La metodología triangula información primaria, a nive...
Chapter
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El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar los avances de un proyecto de inducción a la docencia de una profesora universitaria novel, en el ámbito de la Biomecánica, orientado a la adquisición de competencias docentes y a la asimilación positiva de su nueva identidad profesional. La formación se basa en el acompañamiento por parte de profesorad...
Preprint
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Las ciudades han dado por convertirse en áreas industrializadas y con un gran aumento importante del número de habitantes. La alta densidad de población en ciudades como Bucaramanga han originado que cada vez más se tenga que construir viviendas con el fin de poder satisfacer la demanda generada. Este fenómeno de sobrepoblación urbana ha traído con...
Article
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The influence of digital technologies on the effectiveness of the development of pedagogical skills of future teachers of labor education and technology has been studied. The essence of the concept of "pedagogical skills of future teachers of labor education and technology" has been clarified. It is interpreted as a higher level of development of t...
Article
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El autor considera que este artículo constituye un esfuerzo por reflexionar sobre el estilo de inserción laboral de las mujeres salvadoreñas. El autor plantea que los dos factores que condicionan tal estilo es, por un lado, la división sexual del trabajo, y por otro, el proceso de desvalorización de la fuerza de trabajo femenina. Estos factores son...
Article
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Un 14 de febrero del 2020 en la Ciudad de México, un grupo de investigadores y divulgadores encabezados por Yuritzi López Araujo plantean proclamar el 28 de septiembre como el Día del Divulgador/Comunicador Científico, conjuntamente con otras organizaciones de México, acuerdan celebrar el Primer Día Internacional del Divulgador de la Ciencia y la C...
Article
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Although the relationship between drought – a dimension of climate change – and migration has been explored in a number of settings, prior research has largely focused on out-migration and has not considered climate factors at the migrant destination. However, drought may impact not only out-migration but also return migration, particularly in sett...
Conference Paper
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Labor market effects of migration have been well-studied in literature. However, there is little attention to how natives adjusted their skills to the educational requirements of jobs they occupied when they faced a massive migration shock. This paper analyzes the effect of Syrian refugee inflow into Turkey beginning in 2011 on the education-job ma...
Article
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La felicidad laboral es una prioridad a nivel personal y empresarial, incluyendo el ámbito educativo. Se dice que los trabajadores con un alto nivel de felicidad son más productivos, por lo cual este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar si el nivel de felicidad laboral es predictor significativo del grado de productividad académica investigativa e...
Article
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In recent years, to alleviate the peak load of the power grid, many countries have implemented time-of-use (TOU) electricity tariffs. When both manpower and equipment are needed to perform project activities, wage and electricity costs become the main components of the total project cost. High-power activities can be implemented during off-peak per...
Article
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The article provides an econometric analysis of the factors influencing the growth of labor productivity, which is an important basis for achieving economic efficiency of industrial enterprises, and identifies rational parameters of enterprise development based on the prospects of these factors.
Article
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The article is devoted to the study of legal nature of the mechanism for association of legal entities. Such associations of legal entities are realized in order to attract not only capital and other production resources, including labor, but also in order to satisfy nonproperty interests. Legal capacity of legal entities in the process of their me...
Article
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Regular inspection and maintenance can ensure safe working conditions of transport pipelines without leakage and damage. Pipeline-climbing robots can be used for rapid inspection of pipelines, effectively reducing labor costs and time consumption. For the annular pipelines outside spherical tanks, the special distribution and installation form pres...
Article
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The exponential random graph model (ERGM) is an effective approach for testing the dynamic and local processes of a network. This paper explores the structure of stakeholders’ partnerships in a tourism waste management network using high-order dependency ERGMs based on relational data obtained from a field survey in Motuo County, China. The results...
Article
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Indian agriculture has witnessed a labour crisis and a dearth of farm mechanization resulting in inadequate production and productivity in various parts of the country. The study was undertaken in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh in 2020, to analyse farmers' perception of Custom Hiring Services (CHS). Patan block was selected purposively by invo...