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Technical Report
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Women’s economic empowerment is both a means and an end in international development. Following Sen’s definition of Development as Freedom (Sen 1999), economic empowerment is an essential capability to live the life one has reason to value and can therefore be seen as an outcome of development in its own right. Gender empowerment is also one of the...
Chapter
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The aim of this chapter is to explore how the labour market in smart cities could be affected following a pandemic (or similar large-scale disruptions), the possible scenarios and what approaches to take given the different possible outcomes. The chapter discusses what labour market areas have been struck hardest during the COVID-19 pandemic, the r...
Article
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become one of the important technologies that help tourism industry, increasing competitiveness, and achieving excellence in a changing and volatile labor market; AI also can achieve a competitive advantage by transforming the traditional seller’s market into a buyer’s market. The prime objective of this research is...
Article
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This paper analyses the impact of matching frictions in the Portuguese labour market on individual unemployment hazard rates and unemployment durations. The coexistence of permanent contracts and temporary contracts in the Portuguese (dual) labour-market is akin to a matching friction, with a contract-type mismatch between jobseekers who prefer per...
Article
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As a consequence of recent socio-demographic trends and labour market transformations the role of grandparental support has become pivotal in individuals’ and households’ life courses. In Southern European countries the availability of grandparents affects young couples’ labour market participation and fertility decisions. In the present paper, it...
Article
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This paper estimates spatial wage curves for formal and informal workers in Turkey using individual level data from the Turkish Household Labor Force Survey provided by TURKSTAT for the period 2008–2014. Unlike previous studies on wage curves for formal and informal workers, we extend the analysis to allow for spatial effects. We also consider hous...
Article
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Background Community pharmacists are among the most accessible healthcare professionals and are likely to experience the full brunt of public health crises. In Lebanon, the COVID-19 pandemic, added to a severe economic meltdown, have significantly disrupted an already suffering profession. Methods The objective of this study was to determine the l...
Article
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This paper analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on household income in Austria, using detailed administrative labor market data, in combination with micro-simulation techniques that enable specific labor market transitions to be modeled. We find that discretionary fiscal policy measures in Austria are key to counteracting the inequality- and...
Article
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In the last decades, female participation in the labour market has been found to be increasingly associated with higher fertility levels in high-income countries—albeit to a lesser extent in countries characterised by poor welfare support to working mothers. Among the latter camp, Italy is an intriguing case study, which is marked by lower female l...
Article
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Background To provide a comprehensive assessment of the total economic burden of rare diseases (RD) in the United States (U.S.) in 2019. We followed a prevalence-based approach that combined the prevalence of 379 RDs with the per-person direct medical and indirect costs, to derive the national economic burden by patient age and type of RD. To estim...
Article
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In this article, our fundamental research question is to investigate the effect of the Coronavirus (named COVID-19) on the African American labor market. More specifically, we attempt to examine the potential economic impact of COVID-19 on the state of racial disparities among the African American labor market by examining two effects, namely, empl...
Article
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Workers whose jobs are affected by structural change and digitization are required to continuously adapt their vocational skills to the requirements of the labor market. This adaptation is also essential for the competitiveness of their employer firms. The German legislature addressed this issue with investive measures for unemployment insurance, o...
Article
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Background Over the past several years, cannabis has become legal for recreational use in many US states and jurisdictions around the world. The opening of these markets has led to the establishment of hundreds of cannabis production and retail firms with accompanying demand for labor, leading to concerns about spillover effects on wages from incum...
Article
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This paper contributes to the literature on social stratification by analysing the role of internal migration as a possible channel for the intergenerational transmission of inequality. While internal migration is associated with social mobility, it can also be used as a strategy of status maintenance among graduates from privileged backgrounds. Th...
Article
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While European cities were long argued to have moderate levels of socio-spatial inequality, recent years have seen a growing assertion that such inequalities are on the rise. Structural shifts on labor and housing markets since the financial crisis suggest that this trend has further intensified since 2008, but empirical evidence has so far been sc...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has focused public attention on occupational groups that ensure the maintenance of critical infrastructure, provision of medical care and supply of essential goods. This paper examines the working conditions in critical jobs based on representative data from the German BAuA Working Time Survey 2019. Our analyses reveal that es...
Article
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Germany and the United States pursued different economic strategies to minimise the impact of the Coronavirus Crisis on the labour market. Germany focused on safeguarding existing jobs through the use of internal flexibility measures, especially short-time work (STW). The United States relied on a mix of external flexibility and income protection....
Conference Paper
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Due to the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN-CRPD), an increasing emphasis has been placed to reinforce the social inclusion of disabled people during the last decade. Yet, the interplay of disability, race and sexuality has been overlooked in theoretical and empirical interrogations of intersectionali...
Article
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Background India's abrupt nationwide Covid−19 lockdown internally displaced millions of migrant workers, who returned to distant rural homes. Documenting their labour market reintegration is a critical aspect of understanding the economic costs of the pandemic for India's poor. In a country marked by low and declining female labour force participat...
Research Proposal
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Abel Beremenyi (Universitat Pompeu Fabra / Central European University) and Xavier Rambla (Autonomous University of Barcelona), editors of the special issue invite contributions to the “School-to-work transition of vulnerable youth in times of crisis” issue in Profesorado. Revista de currículum y formación del profesorado. The main focus of the sp...
Article
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I examine how one central aspect of the family environment—sibling sex composition—affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through t...
Article
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We examine how immigration affects natives’ relative prime-age labor market outcomes by economic class background, with class background established on the basis of parents’ earnings rank. Exploiting alternative sources of variation in immigration patterns across time and space, we find that immigration from low-income countries reduces intergenera...
Article
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Italy was among the first countries to introduce drastic measures to reduce individual mobility in order to slow the diffusion of COVID-19. The first measures imposed by the central authorities on March 8, 2020, were unanticipated and highly localized, focusing on 26 provinces. Additional nationwide measures were imposed after one day, and were rem...
Preprint
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Economists suggest that output-based pay makes it harder for employers' prejudice and stereotypes to be translated into differential earnings and easier for external authorities to judge if this has occurred. Thus, workers who perceive that they are discriminated against in the labor market will be more likely to seek payment based on output rather...
Conference Paper
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The aim of the article was to present the results of research on the effectiveness of work-life balance (WLB) of employees in selected companies in Poland. The research group consisted of 1097 women and men working in Polish enteprises. The authors proposed a method for assessing the effectiveness of the incentive system from the perspective of emp...
Article
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This paper explores whether the expansion of higher education can influence attitudes regarding gender norms. I evaluate the impact of China’s higher education expansion since 1999. The results show that the reform has significantly increased higher educational attainment for both women and men. However, women’s progressive views on gender roles ar...
Article
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The European Union has been working on migration issues for several years now and several policies and structures have been developed to better manage processes connected to migration. Legal labour migration remains one of the challenges and is still a very fragmented and limited process. For some specific categories, legal labour migration is much...
Article
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1 A KÖFOP-2.1.7-VEKOP-18-2021-00001 számú "Az állam-polgári ügyintézés lehetőségeinek szélesítése" című projektet a Miniszterelnökség, a Lechner Tudásközpont és Budapest Főváros Kormányhivatala valósítja meg. Ennek egyik eleme a "Központi e-learning és tudásmegosztási rendszer koncepció", amely a kormányhivatalok működésében vizsgálja a tudásszer-z...
Article
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In recent years, early retirement decisions have become more frequent in the European Union despite political efforts to prevent early retirement. This is a growing problem for the social security system. The study focuses on a life course approach using employment biographies and investigates the influence of work stress and health on early retire...
Preprint
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The rising numbers of young people with disability pension concerns many advanced economies. We present results from a comparative analysis of Sweden and Norway, two countries which are very similar in many respects, but differ regarding the policy mix to enhance the employability of the work disabled. Using rich longitudinal data, we follow unempl...
Article
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Kadınların ekonomik yaşama katılmaları ile toplumsal ve ekonomik kalkınmadan yararlanma biçimleri ve ölçüleri doğru orantılı değildir. Bu açıdan toplumun dezavantajlı kesimlerinden olan kadınlar, işsizlik riski ile en çok karşı karşıya kalan gruplardandır. Ülkelerin gelişmişlik düzeyini gösteren önemli kriterlerden biri olan kadın istihdamı, sürdür...
Research
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Since 1948 there has been almost 20 declarations, principles, resolutions, plans of action and proclamations issued by the United Nations (“UN”) and its instrumentalities relating to aging, and the UN has identified aging as being among the most important global issues of the 21st Century; however, progress has been slow on drafting and adopting a...
Presentation
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The SIATE project is funded by the European Union udder the Erasmus+ program. It works on entrepreneurship education as a means to address issues around social inclusion. Creating a network of best practice in entrepreneurship competence is designed to enhance labor market participation for those at risk of social exclusion. This presentation looks...
Article
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Along with the growing demands on the tourism and hospitality market, soft skills have been increasingly stated as the main prerequisites for employability. Therefore, this study set out to investigate the health tourism students' perceptions of the soft skills they possess with an emphasis on the contribution of English language courses to their d...
Article
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How does inequality between capital and labor affect immigration policy? Increasing inequality can heighten anti-immigrant attitudes among host-state workers. Yet, for labor-intensive firms, their increasing share of the value added provides more business opportunities to expand their production, which in turn leads to increased business support fo...
Article
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The article describes the characteristic features of Work 4.0 in the conditions of digitalization and the application of artificial intelligence. It is indicated that Work 4.0 lays the foundations for the formation and reproduction on a network, digital basis of a new chain of technological, institutional, organic, managerial transformations. It is...
Article
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This paper aims at highlighting a grid of personal resources, which can help university students effectively respond to the complexity of labor market and career development, namely sustainability and reflexivity (life project reflex-ivity). Given that so far little is known regarding the degree to which higher education students possess and develo...
Poster
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‘Contemporary Challenges in Social Science Management: Skills Gaps and Shortages in the Labour Market - Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis
Article
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The basis of this book by Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass is to unravel why poverty has persisted in South Africa ever since the advent of democracy in 1994. The authors provide a class analysis in identifying who has and has not remained poor, how public policies reproduced poverty and why these policies were adopted. They conclude that the di...
Article
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Many countries have a two-tiered unemployment compensation system that provides earnings-related unemployment insurance for a limited period of time and less generous unemployment assistance thereafter. This study evaluates the effects of a reform in Finland that increased the level of unemployment assistance by 22%. The reform led to a drop of 9%...
Article
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Novel technologies are quickly reshaping the industrial environment as well as the labor market in what has been called The Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0. As digitalization and robotization quickly become industry standards in many fields of manufacturing, businesses, both big and small companies need to quickly adapt their strategie...
Presentation
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Future Skills Centre (FSC) partnered with Fleming College and Vicinity Jobs to develop a labour market platform that can document and track Indigenous labour market information (LMI).
Book
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Marketing of human resources, which due to various circumstances separated from personnel management, represents a completely new perspective on the theory and practice of personnel activities. The workforce is perceived as human capital, a source of competitive advantage and a means of achievement goals of the organization. Human capital represent...
Article
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The digital transformation of the economy and the current innovation-oriented labor market requires an important stock of social skills that generate innovators with technical skills. This paper aims to analyze the public and private sector's innovation awareness and civil society and provide a needs assessment analysis concerning innovation skills...
Article
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The implementation of Industry 4.0 technology and meeting the expectations of employers, the labour market, and, in fact, sustainable development are new challenges for industry employees, especially for their knowledge and skills. The changes introduced during industrial revolutions have always affected the job market and employees’ required compe...
Article
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The article is devoted to the improvement of cross-cultural competence for future teachers. The study aims to develop directions and tools for the cross-cultural competence of teachers at different levels of organization and regulation of teaching education in the conditions of integrative processes. The study's central hypothesis is that cross-cul...
Conference Paper
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Labor market effects of migration have been well-studied in literature. However, there is little attention to how natives adjusted their skills to the educational requirements of jobs they occupied when they faced a massive migration shock. This paper analyzes the effect of Syrian refugee inflow into Turkey beginning in 2011 on the education-job ma...
Article
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Aim. The aim of the research is to identify and analyse the particularities of a dual model of practical professional and educational training of future vocational school teachers in Germany; to outline the prospects for the use of advanced ideas and positive experience of such a model in the training teachers in higher pedagogical educational inst...
Article
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The purpose of the research lies in identifying the problematic aspects of ensuring academic mobility of students in the conditions of distance learning. The research methodology consists of the methods as follows: statistical, scientific abstraction, analogy, comparison, analysis, synthesis, graphic, tabular, systematization, generalization. The r...
Article
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This paper examines how government alerts about a potential dam rupture affect Brazilian municipalities’ local economic and financial conditions. The dam collapses in Mariana (2015) and Brumadinho (2019) revealed the extent of losses that environmental disasters can cause in terms of human lives, flora, and fauna. This paper investigates the effect...
Article
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Commuting nowadays is a worldwide trend. Due to the urban development, cities become larger creating agglomerations. It leads to broader human mobility. One of the other key thoughts about commuting is the positive impact of commuting flows on creating new workplaces (Russo et. al., 2011; Xiao et. al, 2021). First, vast commuting flows can make it...
Article
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This study investigates the relationship between career development learning (CDL) and students’ perceived employability (SPE) with the mediating role of human capital. Using a quantitative method based on structured questionnaires to collect data from 512 Vietnamese students before starting their internship at businesses and 322 of them after 4 mo...
Article
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Objectives To examine employment status among adults bereaved by parental suicide at the time of bereavement and 2 and 5 years after the loss and to explore the importance of the gender of the adult child and the deceased parent. Design Population-based register study. Setting Norwegian population-based registries linked using unique personal ide...
Article
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Résumé Ce papier s’est fixé pour objectif de développer une méthode quantitative d’évaluation des institutions du marché du travail et de l’implémenter au marché du travail du Burkina Faso. Fondée sur le processus de compromis sur le marché du travail de la théorie générale de la firme, l’approche développée a permis de construire un indicateur de...
Book
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Using PWT10 and EU-SILC, we analyse the relationship between income per capita, wage inequality and welfare for 30 European countries over the period 2004-2019. We found that there is a great divergence between European countries in terms of labour productivity , although this variable is strongly (positively) related to the average salary of the d...
Conference Paper
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Summury: The purpose of this study is to identify the reality of the configuration specialized in the media and communication in the University of Tebessa, and its suitability to the requirements of the labor market, on the one hand, and on the other the knowledge of the course of the composition of students. Through a descriptive field study condu...
Article
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The paper presents theoretical and methodological grounds that update the development of a prognostic model of social and pedagogical assistance to the employment of university graduates. Problems and risks have been identified that objectively impede the entry of young people into the labor market and the negative consequences (effects) of the emp...
Article
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The international economy since 2002, India's exports witnessed aunusual threefold increase during the period 2002-03 to 2007-08. But this powerful engine for employment generation is now endangered by rapid contraction in global demand and weakening labour markets. It is a major defy for India to put into practicevigorous competitive strategies wh...
Article
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Rapid changes in the economic environment, the development of new technologies, and global crises have an impact on and produce new requirements for many professions, including accounting specialists. An analysis of the competencies necessary for the modern accounting specialist provides insights into the required abilities from a labour market per...
Article
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A growing proportion of immigrants enter Canada on temporary resident permits to study or work, or they enter as asylum seekers—all with limited rights or access to permanent residence. As a result, transnational family separation is a growing phenomenon among immigrants who are unable to migrate as a family or who face barriers to family reunifica...
Article
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Purpose The study examines whether age intersects with gender and race during the initial stage of the hiring process and affects access to vacancies outcomes and wage sorting. Design/methodology/approach In order to answer the research question, the study collects data from four simultaneous field experiments in England. The study compares the la...
Article
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Nearly 6 million workers support the multi-billion-dollar digital economy as one of the fastest-growing sectors in the U.S. labor market. Middle-skill jobs in the digital economy sector that pay higher wages and do not require a bachelor’s degree are underrepresented people of intersectional marginalized identities. This exploratory study builds up...
Article
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In this article we study the distinct formative stages of the labour market for external wet nurses employed by Galician foundling hospitals in the second half of the nineteenth century. We focus on changes in the nature of wet nurses’ work due to the benevolence laws (1822, 1836, 1849) that were driven by Spain’s liberal state. We also examine wet...
Conference Paper
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RESUMO: A finalidade do presente estudo é investigar o efeito do tabagismo sobre os rendimentos de trabalhadores no mercado de trabalho brasileiro. Nesse objetivo, a partir da base de dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) 2019, inicialmente controla-se o viés de seleção amostral quanto à participação no mercado de trabalho mediante a adoção do...
Technical Report
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The present report relies on the newly developed ESCWA Skills Monitor, which encompasses big data from almost 1.7 million online job openings in the Arab region for the period June 2020 – March 2022. Using Skills Monitor results, the present report analyses whether the type of skills and jobs demanded in the region address the needs of the Fourth I...
Article
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The most important purposes of Slovakian universities are research and education. The main goal of university education is to prepare highly skilled graduates to be employed in the labour market either at home or abroad. To achieve this goal, universities need to receive feedback from their graduates as to whether they are satisfied with their educ...
Chapter
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Ostatnie dekady to czas niezwykle intensywnych zmian we wszystkich obszarach życia, również w instytucjach szkolnictwa wyższego. Jednym z kierunków zmian jest instrumentalizm ekonomiczny. Zgodnie z nim uniwersytety i inne uczelnie są postrzegane i traktowane jako instytucje rynku. Ich funkcjonowanie jest oceniane na podstawie „mierzalnych” wskaźni...
Article
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The study aims to observe the dynamics of unemployment rate and the number of job openings in Java as the region that becomes the main crutch of the Indonesian economy and analyze the relationship between supply and demand of labor in during the pandemic using Web Scraping and Pearson correlation analysis. Web scraping results show that the largest...
Article
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This paper investigates the extent to which proficiency in English and French as a form of human capital individually determine earnings in Rwanda’s labour market and whether it still pays to be bilingual. Using data from the nationally representative Labour Force Survey conducted in 2018, our findings show that after controlling for other human ca...
Conference Paper
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This study aimed to identify the role of practical courses at the Faculty of Media at the Middle East University in providing its graduates with the skills of the media labor market. Media institutions, and the results of the study concluded that the degree of practical study courses’ contribution to providing graduates of the Media College at the...