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Labor Economics - Science topic

This group is intended to spread ideas and share knowledge about labour markets and labour economics among its members.
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Publications related to Labor Economics (1,823)
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Being a form of territorial division of labor, economic specialization should be considered as a strategic management priority, contributing to a competitive territorial production structure and, consequently, regional economic growth. The article is devoted, firstly, to the development of a method for assessing the level of territorial division of...
Article
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Digital media not only transforms advertising content and format but also influences the actors of the industry and the way they work. One of these influences is the increase of freelance work in advertising. This study aims to examine the freelance model in advertising and related marketing communications by focusing on procedures, creativity, pro...
Article
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The synthesis of transfer-free graphene at metal–substrate interfaces using a sacrificial metal film deposited on dielectric substrates is promising for producing graphene for industrial applications. However, although no complex transfer process is used in the aforementioned method, an etching process is required to remove the overlying sacrificia...
Article
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We investigate the effect of corporate sexual orientation equality (CSOE) on labor investment efficiency (LIE). We find strong evidence that this effect is negative. The relationship intensifies for firms with weaker monitoring and those requiring more highly skilled labor, and is incremental to the effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR)...
Chapter
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This chapter presents an evaluation of the literature on the labor market perfor�mance of economic immigrants. It draws on the existing labor economics research and reviews what we know about the different roles/determinants of immigrant economic performance. It starts by presenting an overview of job searches, unemployment, and job evolution over...
Book
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Chernyavska O. V., 2011. Regional aspects of the analysis and regulation of the labor market of Ukraine: monograph: in 2 hours - Poltava: RVV PUET, 2011. - 222 p. - Part 1. The monograph is devoted to the study of the regional labor market and the justification of practical directions and tools for its regulation based on the approbation of the aut...
Book
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Cherniavska O. V., 2011. Regional aspects of the analysis and regulation of the labor market of Ukraine: monograph: in 2 hours - Poltava: RVV PUET, 2011. - 222 p. - Part 2. The monograph is devoted to the study of the regional labor market and the justification of practical directions and tools for its regulation based on the approbation of the aut...
Article
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Background Stunting during childhood has long-term consequences on human capital, including decreased physical growth, and lower educational attainment, cognition, workforce productivity and wages. Previous research has quantified the costs of stunting to national economies however beyond a few single-country datasets there has been a limited numbe...
Presentation
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Use the Phases of Team Development (Based on Bruce W. Tuckman's Model of Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning) to Help Teams Grow and Advance: 2022 Update * * * * * Want happier and more productive teams? Among other things, it takes great leadership. And proven strategies can provide a real edge! That’s where the groundbreaking w...
Preprint
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There is a large literature on earnings and income volatility in labor economics, household finance, and macroeconomics. One strand of that literature has studied whether individual earnings volatility has risen or fallen in the U.S. over the last several decades. There are strong disagreements in the empirical literature on this important question...
Presentation
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In a recent paper, Sanz and Diop (Bulletin of economic research, 27 November 2021) argue that a realistic fisheries-economic model should consider the search cost and the uncertainty inherent to fishing. They propose a search-matching fisheries model as an adaptation of the search and matching model of Pissarides well known in labor economics. The...
Article
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Drawing on cumulative advantage/disadvantage and conservation of resources theories, I investigated changes in economic, social, and personal resources and in subjective well-being (SWB) of workers as they stayed continuously employed or continuously unemployed. I considered age, gender, and SES as potential amplifiers of inequality in resources an...
Article
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Research summary We apply insights from research in social psychology and labor economics to the domain of entrepreneurial finance and investigate how founder chief executive officers’ (founder CEOs’) facial attractiveness influences firm valuation. Leveraging the novel context of initial coin offerings (ICOs), we document a pronounced founder CEO...
Article
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, US populations have experienced elevated rates of financial and psychological distress that could lead to increases in suicide rates. Rapid ongoing mental health monitoring is critical for early intervention, especially in regions most affected by the pandemic, yet traditional surveillance data are available only after...
Article
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The continuous rise of the world’s population has made food security a major point of the global agenda, with fisheries providing a key source of nutrition, especially in developing countries. Ensuring their health is key to maintain the availability of the resource, but its effect over accessibility is yet unclear. In this paper, we discuss the re...
Article
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COVID-19 leads small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to survive very hard. The development difficulties of SMEs lead to weak employment and GDP growth in various countries. In the process of COVID-19’s continuous spread, what is the major reason for the difficulties of SMEs? This paper hopes to answer this question by studying SMEs in Beijing....
Article
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This article raises the issue of decision support system (DSS) development in enterprises concerning the compensation system (CS). The topic is relevant as the CS is one of the main components in human resource management in business. A key element of such DSSs is CS models that provide predictive analytics. Such models are able to give information...
Article
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Mental health disorders represent an enormous cost to society, are related to economic outcomes, and have increased markedly since the COVID-19 outbreak. Economic activity contracted dramatically on a global scale in 2020, representing the worst crisis since the Great Depression. This study used the COVID Impact Survey to provide insights on the in...
Article
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Due to COVID-19, disruptions in many sectors i.e., social, political, labor, economic and education have been produced. Education is one of the key factors for development and also for improving competitiveness and growth of countries. The role of entrepreneurship education and training institutions is to prepare students for entrepreneurial practi...
Article
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Although science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors remain male dominated, women’s greater enrollment in STEM is one of the greatest transformations to occur in U.S. higher education in the past half century. But to what extent have women’s gains in STEM enrollment translated to greater parity in labor market outcomes? Although...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Der Nobelpreis für Wirtschaftswissenschaften geht 2021 an David Card für seine empirischen Beiträge zur Arbeitsökonomik sowie an Joshua Angrist und Guido Imbens für ihre methodischen Beiträge zur Analyse kausaler Zusammenhänge. Die Analyse kausaler Zusammenhänge in der empirischen Ökonomik wurde durch die von den Preisträgern maßgeb...
Article
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A modified version of Lazear’s model (in American Economic Review, 94, 208-211, 2004, Journal of Labor Economics, 23, 649–680, 2005) for occupational choice is formulated. It includes a utility adjustment factor that captures the combined effect of nonpecuniary benefits and uncertainty associated with entrepreneurship. We show that the counterfactu...
Article
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Earlier findings suggest that men with daughters make judgments and decisions somewhat in line with those made by women. In this paper, we attempt to extend those findings, by testing how gender and parenting daughters affect judgments of the appropriateness of investing in and working for morally controversial companies (“sin stocks”). To do so, i...
Article
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Early childhood development (PAUD) is a fundamental investment that is included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Previous research has shown that ECD investment in Indonesia, and its financial governance remains a challenging issue. Through a qualitative approach to a case study method design, this study aims to examine the state of PAU...
Article
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This article uses baseline data from an observational study to estimate the determinants of racial and gender disparities in obesity. Samples of low-income workers in Minneapolis and Raleigh reveal that respondents in Minneapolis have lower body mass indices (BMIs) than respondents in Raleigh. There are large, statistically significant race and gen...
Article
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An understanding of the types of shocks that disrupt and negatively impact urban household food security is of critical importance to develop relevant and targeted food security emergency preparedness policies and responses, a fact magnified by the current COVID-19 pandemic. This gap is addressed by the current study which draws from the Hungry Cit...
Preprint
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We apply insights from research in social psychology and labor economics to the domain of entrepreneurial finance and investigate how founder chief executive officers’ (founder CEOs’) facial attractiveness influences firm valuation. Leveraging the novel context of initial coin offerings (ICOs), we document a pronounced founder CEO beauty premium, w...
Article
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We analyze a competitive labor market in which workers signal their productivities through education, and firms have the option of auditing to learn workers' productivities. Audits are costly and non‐contractible. We characterize the trade‐offs between signaling by workers and costly auditing by firms. Auditing is always associated with (partial) p...
Article
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Guided by cultural labor economics, the paper analyzes the career paths of former actors from popular television soap operas, and addresses in particular, if and under which conditions such serial engagements may function as a stepping stone for a subsequent professional acting career. A novel database of 396 German artists with detailed and long-t...
Article
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The escalation of commitment process involves a decision-maker continuing commitment to an investment after receiving negative information. This study develops a principal-agent model to explore how escalation decisions are linked with departures of CEOs from the position. With asymmetric information, a CEO has an incentive to conceal prior decisio...
Conference Paper
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RESUMO: A economia do trabalho é um abrangente campo da ciência econômica que busca avaliar as relações de trabalho, e como as diferentes características observadas dos agentes podem influenciar nos níveis de rendimento auferidos. Existe uma gama imensa de estudos sobre as relações entre os rendimentos percebidos em função dos níveis de escolaridad...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the association among self-evaluations-such as self-esteem and self-efficacy-self report of depression, and perceived stress among Korean individuals with disabilities. Data from the second wave of the Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled (collected from 2016-2018) were used. In 2016 and the follow-up in 2018,...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have adverse effects on the economy through damage to migration and remittances. We use a unique monthly household panel dataset that covers the period both before and after the outbreak to examine the impacts of COVID-19 on a variety of household welfare outcomes in Tajikistan, where remittance inflows in recent...
Article
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An increase in employment rate was observed among individuals who underwent bariatric surgery. This study assessed the relationship between employment rate and weight loss, deprivation, and Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) scores after bariatric surgery in a deprived area. This retrospective study evaluated the employment rat...
Thesis
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Abstract of Thesis Social and economic problems taking place in one region are likely to be connected to those in other regions and vice-versa. If this connection is ignored, the conducted fact-findings might be substantially erroneous. It is important for researchers to account for the regional dependencies in dealing with social and economic issu...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic brought about large increases in mental distress. The uptake of COVID-19 vaccines is expected to significantly reduce health risks, improve economic and social outcomes, with potential benefits to mental health. Purpose To examine short-term changes in mental distress following the receipt of the first dose of the...
Preprint
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Modern and gig economy businesses collect voluntary contributions (i.e., tips) from consumers via screen-based payment systems (i.e., $1, $2, $3; 10%, 15%, 20%). The use of these systems has been criticized by the popular media for forcing consumers to leave large tips in contexts where they previously would have left small tips or where tips were...
Article
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Most courses are taught almost exclusively using lecture and, despite gaps in textbook coverage of empirical economics, do not incorporate academic readings. The authors of this article present a “jigsaw literature review” cooperative learning activity to address these shortfalls. The jigsaw guides students through formulating a position by synthes...
Article
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Online charitable crowdfunding has become an increasingly prevalent way for Canadians to deal with costs that they would otherwise not be able to shoulder on their own. With the onset of COVID-19 and related lockdown measures, there is evidence of a surge in crowdfunding use relating to the pandemic. This study gathered, classified, and analysed Ca...
Article
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Research on the effect of work value perception on workers’ health, especially in emerging economies, is scarce. This study, therefore, explored how work value perception affects the physical and mental health of workers in China. We also examined the mediating role of life satisfaction in the relationship between work value perception and health....
Article
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Depending on the strategy of "Healthy China", more and more people pay attention to health issues. The integration and development of sports industry and health service industry is an inevitable outcome of industrial transformation and upgrading and healthy life in the new era. Through constructing the evaluation index system of the coupling and co...
Conference Paper
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The emergence of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as part of the safety-critical and traffic alleviation infrastructure in 5G and beyond wireless networks, promotes the rethinking of the conventional resource orchestration management. In this paper, we propose a novel methodology that treats the uplink power allocation problem in UAV-assisted wirele...
Article
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Extensive economic research demonstrates correlations between unions with wages, income inequality, health insurance, discrimination, and other factors. Corresponding epidemiologic literature demonstrates correlations between income, income inequality, insurance, discrimination, and other factors with health. The first purpose of this narrative rev...
Article
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Although large citation databases such as Web of Science and Scopus are widely used in bibliometric research, they have several disadvantages, including limited availability, poor coverage of books and conference proceedings, and inadequate mechanisms for distinguishing among authors. We discuss these issues, then examine the comparative advantages...
Article
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Analysis of the approaches of the International Labour Organization to the addition of conventions is motivated by the need for a theoretical and methodological analysis of the foundations of budgeting to ensure safe work (including personal protective equipment, training, compliance with the regulatory requirements of legislation in the field of l...
Article
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The article considers the problem of the development of decision-making systems in relation to the system of remuneration of labor (LRS) at enterprises. For the introduction of new, more modern and effective types of LRS, decision-makers currently do not have adequate tools. Thus, there is a problem of developing decision support systems (DSS). The...
Article
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When studying the feasibility and justice of basic income, researchers usually assume that policymakers would be introducing the unconditional benefit to a closed economic entity. When contemplating the introduction of a universal policy, few researchers take into consideration the fact that citizens and foreigners migrate, and that this movement a...
Article
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This paper studies the distribution of the firm size for the Colombian economy showing evidence against the Gibrat's law, which assumes a stable lognormal distribution. On the contrary, we propose a lognormal expansion that captures deviations from the lognormal distribution with additional terms that allow a better fit at the upper distribution ta...
Article
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We investigate the macroeconomic impact of public expenditure in active labor market policies (ALMPs) and passive labor market policies (PLMPs) on main employment indicators (i.e., unemployment, employment, and labor force participation) for a large and novel panel database of 121 countries (36 developed, 64 emerging and 21 developing economies). C...
Article
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The spread of COVID-19 in the Spring of 2020 prompted state and local governments to implement a variety of policies, including stay-at-home (SAH) orders and mandatory mask requirements, aimed at reducing the infection rate and the severity of the pandemic’s impact. We implement a discrete choice experiment survey in three major U.S. States—Califor...
Article
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This paper examines the perceptions of firms in April 2020, one month after the Spanish Government declared the state of alarm, about how the COVID-19 pandemic will affect their business activity in the following months, and what employment decisions they expect to make in response. The data for the study was collected by the Government of the regi...
Article
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The aims are to improve the efficiency in analyzing the regional economic changes in China’s high-tech industrial development zones (IDZs), ensure the industrial structural integrity, and comprehensively understand the roles of capital, technology, and talents in regional economic structural changes. According to previous works, the economic effici...
Article
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Dynamic capabilities, resulting from activities that allow conscious and skillful modification of a firm's strategic potential, are seen as one of the key drivers of a firm's value creation, competitive advantage and above-average performance in changing environments. However , little is known about how dynamic capabilities can shape business survi...
Article
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Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso - Especialização em Economia do Trabalho e Sindicalismo - UNICAMP - defendido em 12/03/2020. Discute as razões que possibilitaram os chamados 'anos dourados' do capitalismo e que determinaram o seu fim em meados dos anos 70, abrindo o caminho para a imposição da agenda neoliberal e seu impacto na relação entre os Esta...
Article
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Collectivization of primary producers, minimal and marginal into farmer's producer organizations has emerged as one of the most successful ways to tackle the many challenges of agriculture. Most importantly, FPO improved the access of farmers towards investments, technology and inputs, and markets. This study was conducted in the Kannauj district o...
Chapter
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Prefácio do livro "O Trabalho pós-reforma trabalhista (2017)". Organização: José Dari Krein [et al.]. São Paulo: Cesit - Centro de Estudos Sindicais e de Economia do Trabalho, 2021.
Article
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A perceived driver shortage causing difficulty in hiring and retaining qualified drivers threatens carrier productivity and profitability. Logistics literature concerning driver turnover has focused on three primary groups of factors contributing to the driver turnover: driver demographics, manager quality, and work environment. A key consideration...
Article
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Social science inquiries of American agriculture have long recognized the inextricability of farm households and farm businesses. Efforts to train and support farmers, however, often privilege business realm indicators over social issues. Such framings implicitly position households as disconnected from farm stress or farm success. This article arg...
Presentation
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The Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) jointly organized a webinar on the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the labour market and how countries have responded. Over 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic evolved into a severe economic and labour market crisis, with devastating impacts in countries around the worl...
Article
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Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of health loss and health sector economic burdens in high-income countries. Unemployment is associated with increased risk of CVD, and so there is concern that the economic downturn associated with the COVID-19 pandemic will increase the CVD burden. Aims This modeling study aimed to quanti...
Article
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The subject of the research is the gender characteristics of the world and Ukrainian labor markets. The purpose of the work is to study gender problems in the labor market, describe the causes of women's unemployment and occupational inequality, take into account gender, conduct a structured assessment of the current state of the Ukrainian labor ma...
Article
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The paper aimed at examining the influence of consumer’s environmental awareness on their intention to visit green hotels in north Cyprus, the mediation role of consumption values. Research on eco-friendly hotels stressed that conventional hotels do not make available to consumers the environmental awareness and consumption values, whereas, there i...
Article
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In the United States (US), low-income workers are being pushed away from city centers where the cost of living is high. The effects of such changes on labor mobility and housing price have been explored in the literature. However, few studies have focused on the occupations and specific skills that identify the most susceptible workers. For example...
Article
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We demonstrate the possibility of conducting synchronous, repeated, multi-game economic decision-making experiments with hundreds of subjects in-person or remotely with live streaming using entirely mobile platforms. Our experiment provides important proof-of-concept that such experiments are not only possible, but yield recognizable results as wel...
Article
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We conceptualize the evolution of the German political economy as the co-development of technological and institutional change. We introduce the notion of skill-biased liberalization to capture this process and we contrast it with the two dominant theoretical frameworks employed in contemporary CPE scholarship—dualization and liberalization. Integr...
Article
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To obtain market average return, investment managers need to construct index tracking portfolio to replicate target index. Currently, most literatures use financial data that has homogenous frequency when constructing the index tracking portfolio. To make up for this limitation, we propose a methodology based on mixed-frequency financial data, call...
Article
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In developing countries, the phenomena of rural depopulation have been an intense continuing, which have become a major bottleneck for the sustainable revitalization of traditional villages. However, the factors influencing the spatial disparity of population hollowing (SDPH) in traditional villages within a prefecture-level city have not been full...