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etúlio Dornelles Vargas nasceu em 1882, mas modificou seu registro ofi-cial para 1883, o mesmo ano em que morreu Karl Marx e nasceu John Maynard Keynes. Simbolicamente, um personagem da passagem de um capitalismo liberal selvagem para um regime em que capital e tra-balho conviviam sob a égide de um Estado que administrava seus conflitos. Getúlio vi...
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Exploitation as a concept continues to be dismissed as a myth by many economists, philosophers and public intellectuals, both in the sense of labour exploitation, i.e., during the process of capitalist commodity production, as well as the idea of inter-state or imperialist exploitation. The concept is dismissed on the basis of its alleged connectio...
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The modern social problem is alienation, which was first analyzed by Karl Marx in the most serious way. This is an inevitable consequence of capitalist society. Although alienation is a widespread phenomenon in all fields, it is most pronounced in the institution of labor. This text is helpful in looking at the exploitation of embodied labor throug...
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Now available as an E-Book: What would the great founders of modern sociology have to say about happiness, modern capitalism, generation rent or pop music? What were their ideas about? Back For the Future introduces the concept of sociological investigation and describes the theoretical approaches of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber in the c...
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La dernière oeuvre de Hegel terminée de son vivant mérite une analyse. En dehors de son rôle unique dans l'oeuve de vie de Hegel, le considérable essai sur le Reform Bill britannique (1) est pour l'historiographie d'une triple importance. Premièrement, il contient une réponse actuelle à la Révolution de Juillet 1830, apportant avec elle un profond...
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For more than half a century Marxology has operated with a distinction regarding the intellectual evolution of Karl Marx's thought according to which there can be identified two main phases of his work, corresponding to a "young" Marx and an older, or mature one respectively. This taxonomy was originally proposed by French Marxist philosopher Louis...
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The article reviews Marx, Keynes and Tibergen to suggest that new theoretical paradigm that is introduced by Professor Dani Rodrik of Harvard University can salvage the exploitation of labor and thereby resolve for future economic crises.
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Objetivamos, com este artigo, lançar luz sobre alguns elementos da crítica da economia política como método, que favoreçam o desenvolvimento de pesquisas no campo das ciências humanas e sociais. Para isso, partimos dos escritos produzidos por Karl Marx e Friedrich Engels — aos quais complementamos com os avanços teóricos produzidos por alguns intel...
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There is a growing realization that the once-seemingly monolithic body of neoclassical economics housed much more pluralism than was alleged by both critics and proponents. The work of William Jack Baumol (1922–2017) is a case in point. His early attempts to integrate dynamics into economic theory were inspired by both Joseph Schumpeter and Karl Ma...
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Reinhard Pfriem summarizes some fifty years of scientific and practical commitments for a solidary economy, radical democracy and cultural evolution. The former professor for general business administration, management and company environmental policy draws a broad trans-disciplinary picture in 15 chapters of today’s challenges for companies and th...
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Reseña del libro La técnica del capital. Ensayos sobre Karl Marx y Bolívar Echeverría
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In the preface to the first edition of Capital Volume I, Karl Marx wrote ‘Beginnings are always difficult in all sciences. The understanding of the first chapter, especially the section that contains the analysis of commodities, will therefore present the greatest difficulty’ (Marx 1990: 89). It is no wonder then that in the face of this difficult...
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El presente artículo elabora una revisión crítica del pensamiento marxista desde autores como Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Karl Kaustky, Eduard Bernstein, Otto Bauer, Iosef Stalin, Rosa Luxemburgo, Vladimir Ilich Lenin y Manabendra Nath Roy en torno a la cuestión nacional, colonial y antiimperialista. Pretendemos recoger una nueva genealogía crític...
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The aim of this study is to portray the impact of social class on individual's response to the educational process. Usually, it is considered that the higher the social class is, the higher the level of educational achievements is. In this regard it is easy to assert that there is a close relation between social class and the educational process. T...
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Comme tout, dans une rapide époque de transition, une comparaison se révèle rapidement, apparaissant de nouveau et en principe répandue, entre Karl Marx et Heinrich Heine, comme une entreprise, dont la fin conduisit à de nouveaux résultats inattendus. Du nouveau point de vue d’une comparaison actuelle, empreinte de perspectivisme, de nouvelles lign...
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Wie sähen Wirtschaftswissenschaften aus, die sich konsequent den Praktiken wirtschaftender Akteur*innen zuwenden? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, entwickelt Lukas Bäuerle einen konzeptuellen Rahmen aus Institutionen- und Praxistheorien, kritischem Realismus und Sozialphänomenologie, den er stringent zu einer praxeologischen Institutionenforschung zu...
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2 Autor de numerosos libros, entre ellos Marx: Early Manuscripts to the International (Bloomsbury, 2018). U no de los aportes más convincentes de la teoría so-cialista está en haber sacado a luz el nexo que vin-cula la multiplicación de las guerras con el desarrollo del capitalismo. Mientras que la ciencia política indaga las motivacio-nes ideológi...
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p class="StyleAuthorBold"> Studi ini akan berfokus pada pembahasan mengenai kegagalan sistem ekonomi sosialis metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian kualitataif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Sistem Ekonomi Sosialis yang tercipta karena adanya pemikiran dari beberapa tokoh yang tidak terima mengenai adanya dampak dari ekonomi kapitalis yang dinilai...
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Este artigo analisa o problema da alienação do trabalho em Karl Marx e como essa discussão se desenvolve nos Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte [Manuscritos econômico-filosóficos], rascunho monográfico escrito por esse autor durante seu exílio em Paris no ano de 1844. Além disso, o problema da alienação do trabalho foi examinado em virtude das c...
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Repetition has emerged as a critical term in modern European philosophy, aesthetics, gender studies, and theology, from its early utilization in the critique of teleological models of memory (Søren Kierkegaard), history (Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Marx), and the self (Sigmund Freud), its role in experimental modernist writing (Charles Péguy, Raymond...
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As Karl Marx said in the eleventh of his “Theses on Feuerbach”, “Philosophers have hitherto only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it”. The urgency, as well as the truth of this statement, is undoubtedly as powerful today as when Marx first wrote it. However, as a popular catchphrase frequently cited by radical thinkers...
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INTRODUÇÃO Neste capítulo apresento algumas reflexões, fruto de uma agenda de pesquisa cujo objetivo geral é estabelecer interlocuções entre abordagens da Economia Política e do campo da Ciência da Informação, visando à apreensão das dinâmicas socioeconômicas que conformam os contextos em que a informação, a comunicação e a cultura têm centralidade...
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What I call 'social contextual analysis' is not anything new; it is done by many social sciences and laypersons. Karl Marx's analyses and social anthropological fieldwork (not their theorizing) are key examples. The basic idea is that what people do, say and think are shaped by the many life contexts they are living in and have lived in. To underst...
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Marxisme Ilmu Hubungan Internasional terus berkembang setiap waktunya. Ditengah perkembangannya muncul perspektif-perspektif baru melalui perdebatan kaum di dalam Ilmu Hubungan Internasional. Setelah lahirnya perspektif liberalisme yang dikritik oleh perspektif realisme, muncul perspektif setelah itu yaitu marxisme. Marxisme lahir dan dicetuskan ol...
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Tulisan ini menjelaskan mengenai maraknya isu industri fashion dan dampaknya terhadap penindasan hak pekerja. Peningkatan jumlah industri fashion atau garmen memberikan dampak yang serius terhadap manusia dan lingkungan. Negara-negara bekembang menjadi korban penindasan dalam keberlangsungan produksi garmen. Beberapa bentuk penindasan diantaranya a...
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Dalam perkembangannya, disiplin Ilmu Hubungan Internasional telah melahirkan pemikiran-pemikiran yang digunakan sebagai instrumen untuk merespon dan membantu menjelaskan fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi pada rentang waktu tertentu. Hal ini menjadi penting untuk dipelajari karena teori-teori yang lahir ini nantinya akan selalu relevan dengan dunia kon...
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Rusia-Ukraina adalah negara bagian dari sebuah konflik yang memiliki sejarah panjang, sehingga untuk menganalisis Indonesia. Pada akhirnya, Uni Soviet bubar pada tahun 1991 di masa pemerintahan Presiden Mikhail Gorbachev terlebih dahulu. Hal ini menjadi salah satu puncak/faktor masing-masing termasuk Rusia dan Ukraina hingga hari ini. Tulisan ini a...
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Web3 has been gaining momentum and captivating users from all walks of life. This term is currently used to refer to an innovative, decentralized internet, which offers never before seen benefits and opportunities to people around the world. However, despite the rapid growth of Web3 the global community has been worrying that it is spreading the th...
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REALISME MARXIS DALAM HUBUNGAN INTERNASIONAL PEMBUKAAN Penulisan ini dibuat sebagai penugasan ujian akhir semester genap sekaligus sebagai wujud usaha dalam memahami dan menganalisis mengenai Marxism dalam tubuh hubungan internasional. Marxisme adalah teori pemikiran dari Karl Marx yang tertuang dalam bukunya "Communist Manifesto" dan "Das Kapital"...
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Pendahuluan Pekerja Migran Indonesia (PMI) merupakan salah satu sumber pendapatan ekonomi baik dari sektor formal maupun informal, bahkan tenaga migran mendatangkan jumlah devisa yang lebih tinggi daripada dari sektor minyak dan gas bumi (Mudassir 2019). Hong Kong merupakan salah satu negara tujuan penempatan PMI yang paling populer berdasarkan dat...
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Ojek online kini menjadi suatu pekerjaan yang dapat dengan mudah ditemui. Layanan jasa ini juga dapat dengan mudah dimanfaatkan. Hanya memerlukan gawai sebagai media untuk melakukan pemesanan ojek. Lonjakan jumlah ojek online tentu saja menjadi fenomena yang perlu sedikit dipertanyakan. Adanya bentuk unjuk rasa yang sempat terjadi memunculkan angga...
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Pada penulisan ini, penulis akan menganalisis Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana Republik Rakyat Cina (RRC) atas tindak kejahatan khususnya pada kejahatan perdagangan manusia. Dalam Undang-Undang Cina mengenai Kejahatan Melanggar Hak Warga Negara dan Hak Demokratis tepatnya pasal 240, hukuman bagi para pelaku perdagangan manusia khususnya perempuan dan ana...
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Individuals, institutions and firms that make up a society are directly affected by the economic decisions of each and the government and the economic policies of the government. Therefore, it is of particular importance for anyone interested in economics to understand what the similarities and differences between the models of eco�nomic theor...
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O texto objetiva apresentar uma discussão acerca do fetichismo da mercadoria como princípio de realidade, que tem a sua base no princípio de desempenho materializado na sociedade aquisitiva e antagônica do modo de produção capitalista. Tal discussão baseia-se no pensamento de Karl Marx acerca do trabalho alienado expresso no fetichismo da mercadori...
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Τo άρθρο παρουσιάζει πως ο Karl Marx εισφέρει το διανοητικό πλαίσιο για την διαμόρφωση μιας θεωρίας για την ιστορία. Αυτό επιχειρείται μέσα από την σταχυολόγηση του προοιμίου της 18ηςΜπρυμαίρ του Λουδοβίκου Βοναπάρτη (1852) στο οποίο ο Marx παρουσιάζει πως οι άνθρωποι διαμορφώνουν την ιστορία τους. Η πλουραλιστική, σε επιστημολογικό επίπεδο, θεώρησ...
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Critics of market economies are found among academics, social movements and alliances involving both. One such alliance is constituted by what is known as the degrowth movement, whose analyses of the dysfunctional effects of prevalent economic arrangements and principles relate (implicitly or explicitly) to crime prevention strategies. After briefl...
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This short paper is taken from The Systems Theory of Everything II by Jim Schofield, arguing that a new Systems-based philosophical approach is needed, both to extend Marxist Theory to deal with the many social problems we face in the 21st Century, but also to finally resolve many of the impasses in the Sciences, particularly Theoretical Physics. N...
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This paper examined the awareness and compliance with court judgment/constitutional provisions upholding the inheritance rights of Igbo women in Nigeria. The gender inequality theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels guided this study. A mixed-method research design was employed. A sample size of 490 adults was adopted using a pre-tested semi-str...
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This study critically examines the management of farmer-herder conflict from policy perspectives. This is because several policy proposals were initiated by the Federal Government in an attempt to ameliorate the fierce conflict between pastoralists and sedentary crop farmers in Nigeria. However, it is quite disturbing that these proposals, such as...
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Hat der Bauer Gelt - dann hat's die ganze Welt. "Große Industrie und industriell betriebene große Agrikultur wirken zusammen. Wenn sie sich ursprünglich dadurch scheiden, daß die erste mehr die Arbeitskraft, und daher die Naturkraft des Menschen, die letztere mehr direkt die Naturkraft des Bodens verwüstet und ruiniert, so reichen sich später im Fo...
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The article provides a comparative analysis of the philosophical and historical issues within the framework of Soviet and Chinese Marxism in the context of the origins of the formation and methodology of research, the features of the interpretation of the historical process and its patterns, as well as the role of the individual in history. It was...
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One of the strictest realities of social life is class structure. Therefore, Karl Marx based his analysis of social structure on the labour form of the class that constantly produces itself and its opponent. He speaks of a class structure based on material labour determined by means of production and production relations. This class is known as the...
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This study had as its broad objective to examine the implications of leadership subterfuge on collective bargaining and organizational crisis management in Nigeria public domain, with the public universities focal point of analysis. The study adopted the descriptive research design based on the survey method. The conflict theory propounded by Karl...
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El objetivo de la presente artículo es hacer una revisión sobre El Manifiesto Comunista de Karl Marx y Friedrich Engels. Lo anterior con el propósito de debatir alrededor sobre cuáles postulados del Manifiesto permanecen aun con vigencia, y cuales otros han sido rebasados por las condiciones materiales de existencias que se presentan en la contempo...
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Toplumların oluşturduğu sistemler temelde birbirleriyle farklı nitelikler taşıyabileceği gibi, birbirleriyle etkileşimde bulunarak benzer toplumsal özellikler meydana getirebilmektedirler. Sistemlerin bu özellikleri incelenirken, sitemleri meydana getiren unsurların çokluğu ve ekonomik, sosyolojik, siyasal, kültürel, sınıfsal, yönetimsel farklı bak...
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Kazi Nazrul Islam and Faiz Ahmed Faiz, the two most prominent poets in the Indian subcontinent, have used their poetry to bring out the image of social conflict and injustice in society. Their poems represent the social struggle of the exploited and their conflicts with the bourgeoisie. They bring up the issue of conflict, but the possible outcomes...
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This article provides an overview of the origins and development of stratification economics as a subfield that centers the importance of identity, social ranking, and relative group position. Stratification economics developed in response to explanations for interracial/ethnic/gender inequality that invoked group-based dysfunction on the part of t...
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L a actual configuración metabólica socio-ecológica de la humanidad no es sostenible y cada vez es más evidente la necesidad de una transformación radical de la sociedad para abordar estas fracturas metabólicas con el resto de la naturaleza. El trabajo del marxista francés Henri Lefebvre, uno de los pocos pensadores que reconoció la importancia de...
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RESUMO No trecho dos Grundrisse, conhecido como Fragmento sobre as máquinas, Marx discute o papel do conhecimento coletivo, que ele chama de intelecto geral, em processos de produção da grande indústria, onde a automação industrial tende a expulsar do processo de trabalho o único agente capaz de criar valor: o trabalhador. Nesse exercício de reflex...
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A Church is an important social institution. Historically, its significance in society has also been a face of controversies such as numerical and conceptual divisions. The Sociological Perspectives of a Religion (such as of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx) pointed out how religion, as a social institution, is very crucial in its role in t...
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16 MAI-210 ANI DE LA RAPTUL BASARABIEI LA 1812 "Se urcă Basarabia pe cruce/ Şi cuie pentru ea se pregătesc, Şi primăvara jale ne aduce / Şi plânge iarăşi neamul românesc. Noi n-avem nici un drept la fericire/Mereu în casă moare cineva." (Adrian Păunescu) Se spune că Domnul la ziua Marii împărţiri ne-a dat nouă, românilor, cele mai bune pământuri, d...
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Resumo Aproximar-nos-emos à influência de Karl Marx na teoria linguística do pós-formalismo russo até a Análise Crítica do Discurso, oferecendo uma panorâmica geral das distintas escolas. Elucidaremos se o Materialismo Histórico pode ser a base para uma teoria linguística válida que confronte diretamente o paradigma saussuriano e se é capaz de opor...
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This study aims to analyze Paulo Coelho's "The Winner Stands Alone" by using the Marxist criticism. The study intends to explore the connection between Marx's social philosophy and the perceptions presented in the above-mentioned novel. It seeks to deploy the Marxist theories in the novel by analyzing the class conflicts. The study uses a descripti...
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This paper revisits why Joan Robinson turned to Karl Marx in 1942 and which insights from Marxian economics she sought to incorporate into her later works, while commenting on how her encounter with Marx was received by some her of contemporaries. By the end of the 1930s, Robinson wanted to bring academic and Marxian economics together in a search...
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Karl Marx describió la industria extractiva como un modo de producción particular "que ya encuentra en la naturaleza su objeto de trabajo" (Marx 1867, p. 220), por lo cual se produce un metabolismo específico entre la naturaleza y el ser humano que, según el recurso extraido y las relaciones sociales particulares, se presenta de diferentes formas....
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El fin de semana manifestantes pacíficos, que hicieron uso de su derecho a la ciudad, fueron víctimas de agresiones con palos, piedras y cuchillos, uno de ellos herido de gravedad. Los encapuchados que infligieron dicho castigo a la libre expresión, son lo que Karl Marx llamó lumpen. Por su parte, la constitucionalista, Elsa Labraña los llama masas...
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This paper investigated the methods used by Roman Catholic Missionaries in christianisation of the Makua of Masasi Tanzania from 1890s to1970s. This study was prompted by the understanding that the Makua were deeply engaged in their traditional religion as demonstrated by their cultural practices. In spreading Christianity to Makua people, the Bene...
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As ciências humanas são importantes para o entendimento da sociedade, mais a ciência geográfica tem sido uma das principais pontes para estudos nas relações do homem e natureza, incorporados diante das categorias, espaço, lugar, território, paisagem e região. Neste ensaio teórico buscou-se compreender a evolução conceitual do tema e entender como a...
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Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social-Sede Sureste orcid.org/ 0000-0001-5975-1499 acatzin.arenas.fdez@gmail.com RESUMEN En este artículo se presentan algunas reflexiones teóricas que buscan acercarnos a un fantasma. La relevancia de este espíritu es que, en su constante e imparable recorrido por las sociedades en la...
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This paper revisits why Joan Robinson turned to Karl Marx in 1942 and which insights from Marxian economics she sought to incorporate into her later works, while commenting on the legacies of this encounter and how was received by some her of contemporaries. By the end of the 1930s, Robinson wanted to bring academic and Marxian economics together i...
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Etablir un „parallèle” entre Heinrich Heine et Karl Marx semble à première vue être une vraie entreprise intellectuelle traditionnelle. Nous espérons cependant trouver un horizon actuel qui, sous cette forme, n’a pas encore seulement été vu jusqu’à maintenant, mais n’a pas pu non plus être vu jusqu’à nos jours.Le parallèle pris comme objectif a une...
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The regular crisis between farmers and herders in the studied area necessitated this study to examine the influence of farmers-herders conflict on the farming economy of Anambra Agricultural Zone, Anambra State, Nigeria. The work is anchored on the Conflict Theory as derived from the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-1883). The study adopted a survey resear...
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Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis's Schooling in Capitalist America, a classic book in the field of education, has become more influential in the last twenty years than it was during the first several years following its publication. Interestingly, however, there are some widespread misconceptions about the book. In this paper, Jianguo Zhang investi...
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El conflicto es un tema capital para comprender la sociedad contemporánea. A pesar de sus connotaciones negativas, los conflictos están presentes en todo tipo de relaciones humanas. El conflicto y la violencia han sido factores decisivos en la historia de la humanidad y se han convertido en uno de los principales factores de cambio y transformación...
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O presente livro discute o utilitarismo que avança sobre a educação contemporânea, a partir de uma revisão teórica da tradição filosófico-pedagógica que entende a educação como processo de formação que se apoia em saberes que valem por si, não reduzindo-os à saberes de imediata utilidade econômica. Nessa revisão, elegemos seis tópicos de análise, o...
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Over the years Political Thought has been described as a man’s endeavour to consciously understand and solve the problems of life around him as an individual, a group, organization, and society in which he lives. It consists that form of discipline inquiry and rigorous investigations into the intellectual tradition or political philosophers like Pl...
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Ante la crisis climática y la degradación socioambiental, pocos estudios cuestionan a la tecnología configurada históricamente en el capitalismo. A la tecnología ambiental se la presenta como una respuesta, pero sin marcar los límites terminales al modo de producción industrial actual. Además, sobre un concepto de tecnología ambiental inacabado se...
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The objective of the philosophical investigation is to find ultimate truth of the subject matter researched. Socrates had been celebrated as a great contributor to this long tradition, starting with Thales of pre-Greek period. The death penalty imposed on him by the democratic government of Greek is recorded in the history as an abuse of power and...
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This article aims to construct Karl Marx’s concept of social space by examining a few fragments of his works with relevant terminology (space, spatial). The main result of this interpretation is the definition of social space as a suprasensible form of division between necessary labour and surplus labour, which due to private property on all means...
Article
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According to an old legend, Vladimir Lenin, the founder of Soviet Marxism, overlooked Karl Marx’s theory of alienation. For Marxist humanists, this theory underlies the emancipatory thrust of Marx’s thought, and since, in their view, Lenin’s acolytes ignored alienation, communist regimes failed to empower the workers. Considering these claims, this...
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The prime purpose of this article is to study religion from different paradigms or perspectives from a sociological viewpoint. Religion is defined as a social institution while economic reality, ideological support and everyday interactions of people are also undertaken as core concepts. In fact, this article is an overview of religion of three the...
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This article analyses the production of Bitcoin through two contradictory approaches to value: the labour theory of value as formulated by Karl Marx and value as an effect of political control proposed by Antonio Negri. Bitcoin mining is used as an exemplary case of a decentralized network that utilizes abstract labour as a regulatory mechanism. Th...
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Capitalism with "isms", having significance in itself as a theory cannot be grasped by those who conceive of it as an abstract and impersonal force. That determinist approach was part of a fashionable consensus in Western historiography during the mid to late twentieth century. As such first version of capitalism comes from two of the major theoris...
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From time to time, stories of self-styled spiritual leaders make headlines in South Africa. Christians continue to witness strange, controversial and illegal activities by self-styled spiritual leaders done in the name of the Christian religion. Various people, including theologians, have expressed concern about the human rights abuse that ordinary...
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This paper examines the differences between the concepts of Produktivkraft and Produktivität in Volume I of Das Kapital. The following conclusions are obtained. First, compared with Produktivität, Karl Marx would have used the term Produktivkraft in a narrower sense because he used Produktivität only when explaining the effects of the strengthening...
Article
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This article aims to construct Karl Marx’s concept of social space by examining a few fragments of his works with relevant terminology (space, spatial). The main result of this interpretation is the definition of social space as a suprasensible form of division between necessary labour and surplus labour, which due to private property on all means...
Article
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Social stratification makes it easier to analyze how a social animal is organized into groups or individuals. Social stratification is a necessary way of looking at society through an observational eye. Social classes are important when talking about social stratification today. Any kind of class stratification can be seen in any country today. Amo...
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The present study is based on the analysis of the character Parizaad in the novel Parizaad published in 2014. The researcher has analyzed the character of Parizaad in the novel Parizaad (2014) with the perspective of Marxism theory of Karl Marx. The researcher has analyzed the data by using qualitative method. Mr. Hashiin Nadeem's novel clearly bea...
Thesis
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Universal Basic Income has become a popular idea in the last few decades even though one can find its roots in the earlier centuries. In this thesis, I have examined the position of UBI in the works of the most influential contemporary philosophers. By connecting the idea of UBI with some certain concepts from different philosophers, I aimed to imp...
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Claudia Jones’ life and intellectual work have made impactful contributions in several spaces, including Marxist-Leninist ideology and anti-imperialism discourse. This review analyzes The Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones written by Carol Boyce Davies. Davies offers valuable insight into Jones’ anti-imperialist...
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In their work Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones, Carol Boyce Davies works to rescue Claudia Jones from obscurity and bring the brilliant intellectual back into dominant historical discourse. The Radical Black Feminist was erased from the history books because her intellectual thought posed a threat to the capita...
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The concept of ‘Ideological State Apparatuses (ISAs)’ by French philosopher Louis Pierre Althusser has been derived from the ‘Repressive State Apparatuses (RSAs)’ of Karl Marx. Both concepts are based on this principle: The State proits by various institutions to give shape to society according to its ideology. The institutions such as the police,...
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