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Publications related to Japanese (10,000)
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Article
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The increasing share of renewable energy-based resources in the power grid has a detrimental impact on the power system stability. As these resources are inverter-based, they decrease the overall inertia of the grid. To mitigate this problem, recent research focuses on developing novel techniques to provide synthetic inertia with inverters. In this...
Article
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Syphilitic infection is usually observed in young patients, and the first stage of the disease (primary syphilis) is characterized by painless cutaneous and lymph node lesions. Herein, we describe a 71-year-old Japanese man with primary syphilis that presented as unilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy without skin lesions. Originally, an incarcerated...
Article
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This article analyzes Chinese production in the global south, focusing on its managerial model. Faced with a process of expansion of China around the world and with increasing investments in Brazil, between 2013 and 2017, we carried out field research in four Chinese factories located in the Industrial Pole of the Manaus Free Trade Zone, the main d...
Article
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The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) is a self-report scale measuring the use of nine types of cognitive emotion regulation strategies. The present study aimed to develop a revised version of the Japanese translated CERQ (CERQ-RJ). Specifically, we revised translations of the original Japanese version CERQ (CERQ-J), and examined it...
Article
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Recently, self-curiosity has attracted scholarly attention as a crucial factor in psychological tests and therapy processes. To measure individuals’ degree of self-curiosity, researchers developed the self-curiosity attitude–interest (SCAI) scale; it originated in Italy and has been applied across cultures. This study investigates whether the origi...
Article
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Data sparsity is one of the challenges for low-resource language pairs in Neural Machine Translation (NMT). Previous works have presented different approaches for data augmentation, but they mostly require additional resources and obtain low-quality dummy data in the low-resource issue. This paper proposes a simple and effective novel for generatin...
Article
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In most Japanese preschools, children are involved in setting up lunches as monitors’ activities. The current study conducted six-month long naturalistic observations of lunch monitors’ activities in a nursery school in Tokyo. Ten five-year-old children were included in the analysis. By engaging in the activities with their peers, the lunch monitor...
Article
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Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic is a continuing global threat. This study examined the effect of habit on the motivational aspects of COVID-19 preventive behaviors using a dual-motivation model, which hypothesizes that intentional and reactive motivations determine behavior. This study assumes that habit influences behaviors through the anteceden...
Article
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Objective Current guidelines for essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients recommend different treatment approaches based on thrombosis risk stratification models. However, these recommendations may not be applicable to some patients under real clinical settings. Therefore, we carried out a retrospective real-world validation study. Methods Thrombos...
Article
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Objective A few surveys have indicated that behavioural restrictions during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic have affected sleep and mental health. This study examined (1) the change in sleep-wake habits before and during the first self-restraint in Japan, (2) the factors that affect mental health, and (3) the model of mental health affecting...
Article
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Marine ecosystems are a primary conservation concern because of the separate and synergistic effects of overfishing and climate change on their productivity and biodiversity. For the purpose of implementing ecosystem-based fisheries management, it is essential to understand how fish stocks respond to climate change in marine ecosystems, especially...
Article
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Previous research has explained how and to what extent Japanese names are difficult to read correctly. However, why Japanese names are difficult to read correctly was not explained sufficiently. Therefore, this article presents two reasons: 1) some Chinese characters are difficult to read, and 2) some Chinese characters have plural possible reading...
Article
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Automated Vehicles (AVs) are expected to disrupt the transport sector in the mid- to long-term future, and extensive research efforts have been dedicated to studying its potential implications. However, the existing literature is still limited in the context of Japan. To fill this gap, an integrated travel forecasting approach that combines an acti...
Article
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Background Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) has been in operation in Japan since 2001, allowing patients almost anywhere in the nation to receive on-scene emergency treatment from physicians. However, there is insufficient literature on the characteristics of the patients who use Japanese HEMS. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the...
Article
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Similar to other countries, the Japanese government quickly undertook preventative measures against increasing suicides during the pandemic, but could not suppress the increase. Suicide mortality among both sexes under 20 and females aged 20–39 significantly increased during the pandemic, but unexpectedly had already slowed decreasing trends before...
Article
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For the last three decades, Japan has been using the population of 1985 for age standardisation to compare mortality rates over time. With the population of Japan declining and ageing rapidly every year, there is a need to update the standard population to make the comparison representative of the current scenario. This is particularly relevant owi...
Article
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Background Early onset of action has become recognized as an important efficacy feature of preventive migraine treatment, which can help overcome adherence issues commonly associated with older medications. Preventive treatments that target the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or the CGRP receptor have been previously shown to provide early o...
Article
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Here, we report a Japanese patient with Simpson–Golabi–Behmel syndrome involving a de novo 240-kb deletion including a part of GPC3 . The patient showed pre- and postnatal macrosomia associated with coarse face, macrocephaly, supernumerary nipples, and cryptorchidism and characteristically presented with precocious puberty, mostly evaluated as adva...
Article
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Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease caused by biallelic pathogenic ACADM variants. We report a case of an asymptomatic Japanese girl with MCAD deficiency caused by compound heterozygous pathogenic variants (NM_000016.5:c.1040G > T (p.Gly347Val) and c.449_452delCTGA (p.Thr150ArgfsTer4)). Bec...
Article
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This paper investigates the relationship between macroeconomics variables and foreign exchange rate direction and predicts this direction using an ensemble method. We classified exchange rate movements into two classes, appreciation and depreciation. We employed monthly data for macroeconomic variables and the currency price of the US dollar, Euro,...
Article
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Asymptomatic hyper-CK-emia (ASCK) is characterized by persistent elevation of creatine kinase (CK) in serum without any neurological symptoms. We ascertained a two-generation family of ASCK patients without clear neurological abnormalities except for the high levels of serum CK (810.5 ± 522.4 U/L). We identified a novel 1-bp deletion variant in the...
Article
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Background Tibialis anterior (TA) muscle is the largest dorsiflexor of the ankle joint and plays an important role during gait movement. However, descriptions of the TA attachment site are inconsistent even among major anatomy textbooks, and its origin, especially the attachment site for the tibia, has not been reported in detail. This study is the...
Preprint
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This study of the Japanese LGBTQ+ community sheds light on the intersectionality of lived experiences, including gender, sexuality, family, (mental) health, race and ethnicity, migration, and nationality, offering a picture of a community whose experience is deeply embedded in the dynamic society around. The Japanese LGBTQ+ Community in the World...
Article
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Objectives Due to the increase of type 2 diabetes (T2D), the number of patients in treatment with multiple anti-diabetic agents is increased. According to the recent recommendation of treatment guidelines, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors would be used as additional treatment to the currently administered anti-diabetic drugs for po...
Article
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Alectinib is a preferred first-line therapy for patients with advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in several national clinical practice guidelines. The randomized, global, phase III ALEX study has demonstrated significant improvement in progression-free survival for alectinib over crizotinib in trea...
Article
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Background Many studies have indicated specific low-hemoglobin (Hb) adaptation to high altitude in the Tibetan population, but studies focusing on physiological variations within this population are limited. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between SpO 2 and related factors, including individual variations and sex differences, to a...
Article
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Background Extensive vaccination programs are being implemented worldwide for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). With the spread of vaccination, swelling of the lymph nodes after vaccination is frequently seen. We encountered a patient who developed left axillary lymphadenoma following vaccine administration. Case presentation The patient was a...
Article
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Objective The present narrative review provides a comprehensive update of the current knowledge on urticaria, both in adult and pediatric populations, and on the safety and efficacy of fexofenadine hydrochloride (HCl) as a treatment option. Data source A literature search was conducted on Embase and Medline. Study selection Clinical studies publi...
Article
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The extended integrated particle filter (IPFx) method is an automatic source determination algorithm designed for the Japanese earthquake early warning (EEW) system. The method improved earthquake source determination during active seismicity by incorporating the smart phase association scheme. We applied this method to the 2018 Hualien earthquake...
Article
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Background The 5A score including five components “Age, Activities of daily living, Arrest, Acidemia and Albumin” was developed as an easy-to-use screening tool for predicting in-hospital mortality among patients with accidental hypothermia. However, the external validity of the 5A score has not yet been evaluated. We aimed to perform an external v...
Article
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Background: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and polypharmacy in older adults lead to increase the risk of adverse drug events. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacist intervention combining the criteria for detecting PIMs with the deprescribing algorithm on correcting PIMs, reducing the number of medications, and...
Article
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Background In Japan, engineering controls for preparing injectable anticancer drugs are inadequate and compliance with appropriate preparation procedures is vital. In this study, we evaluated the effects of adherence to appropriate anticancer drug formulation and packaging procedures on reducing anticancer drug dispersal in clinical practice, espec...
Article
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The fifth Japanese meeting on host–transposon interactions, titled “Biological Function and Evolution through Interactions between Hosts and Transposable Elements (TEs),” was held online on August 26–27, 2021. The meeting was supported by National Institute of Genetics and aimed to bring together researchers studying the diverse roles of TEs in gen...
Article
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Hereditary spherocytosis is the most frequent cause of hereditary hemolytic anemia and is classified into five subtypes (SPH1-5) according to OMIM. Because the clinical and laboratory features of patients with SPH1-5 are variable, it is difficult to classify these patients into the five subtypes based only on these features. We performed target cap...
Article
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There is only one report of patients with developmental delay due to a 6q16.1 deletion that does not contain the SIM1 gene. A 3-year-old female showed strabismus, cleft soft palate, hypotonia at birth, and global developmental delay. Exome sequencing detected a de novo 6q16.1 deletion (chr6: 99282717–100062596) (hg19). The following genes were incl...
Article
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Considerable effort has been spent on lowering and maintaining the epigenetic age. However, the extent to which epigenetic age fluctuates under normal conditions is poorly understood. Therefore, we analyzed methylation data from monocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from two Japanese men. The ranges of the Pan-tissue, Skin and...
Article
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Background Hospital- and community-onset sepsis are significant sepsis subgroups. Japanese data comparing these subgroups are limited. This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of hospital- and community-onset sepsis in critical care units in Japan. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Japanese Diagnosis and Procedure Co...
Article
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Recently, revisions of two sepsis guidelines, namely, the Japanese Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2020 and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2021, were published. Although both guidelines were created in accordance with the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach, th...
Article
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For Japanese coastal communities along the Japan Sea, where the risk of earthquake-induced tsunamis is deemed lower than that along the Pacific Ocean, tsunami disaster mitigation strategies have not been sufficiently developed. This study estimated the tsunami inundation characteristics for three major Japanese coastal cities along the Japan Sea. B...
Article
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This paper presents a comparison of the 2021 guidelines for stem cell research and clinical translation outlined by the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) with the current regulations in Japan regarding the performance of such research. This paper provides a convenient English-language summary of the Japanese regulations, and illu...
Article
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After the reign of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty, as the Japanese pirates’ problem became more and more serious, books devoted to the study of Japan began to be published. Among them, the most important ones are A Brief Survey of Japan (Ri Ben Kao Lue), A Compilation of Japanese Maps (Ri Ben Tu Zuan), A Mirror of Japan (Ri Ben Yi Jian), A Sur...
Article
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There are increasing concerns for urban greenspaces as critical sources for biodiversity. Urban greenspaces provide various ecosystem services essential for urban residents. The emergent task is to incorporate public opinion for implementing urban landscape management by increasing their preference for conservation of urban greenspaces. However, th...
Article
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In this study, an investigation is conducted into the phenomenon of price clustering in Bitcoin (BTC) denominated in the Japanese yen (JPY). It answers two questions using tick-by-tick data. The first is whether price clustering exists in BTC/JPY transactions, and the other is how the scale of price clustering varies throughout a trading day. With...
Article
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Background National life table is commonly used for estimating cancer net survival. However, the national life table does not reflect condition of people in local area accurately, because there are disparities in cancer mortality rates among the local area in many cases. We investigated magnitude of difference in cancer net survival using the local...
Article
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The exact occurrence frequency of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) in middle latitudes is significant information because it is thought to be sensitive to long-term atmospheric change. We conducted NLC observation from airline jets in the Northern Hemisphere during the summer 2019 to evaluate the effectiveness of NLC observation from airborne platforms. B...
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Türk halkı, Japon halkına karşı büyük bir ilgi ve sempati duymuştur. Bu ilginin temel kaynağı Japonların Türkler gibi geleneklerine bağlı bir toplum olasımn yanında, asırlardır Osmanlı Devletinin hasmı olan Rusya ile 20.yüzyılın başlarında Japonların da sorunlar yaşaması hatta savaşmasının da etkili olduğu anlaşılmaktadır. Buna benzer gerekçelerle...
Article
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This paper reports the average pore water density (wp) measured on a Japanese bentonite, which was compacted to a dry density (d) range from 0.3 to 1.8 Mg/m3 and saturated under a water pressure of 2.7 MPa. It was found that wp monotonically increased from ~1.0 Mg/m3 at d of 0.3 Mg/m3 to ~1.23 Mg/m3 at d of 1.8 Mg/m3. Paper review shows method...
Article
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This prospective study investigated the impact of cabozantinib exposure on proteinuria and muscle toxicity, in a cohort of 14 Japanese patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC). We measured the trough concentration of cabozantinib (Ctrough) weekly for 6 weeks after starting treatment. Although the initial dose was less than 60 mg i...
Article
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Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan internalisasi nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter pada siswa SMA melalui pembelajaran bahasa Jepang yang dilakukan secara daring di masa pandemi Covid-19. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan penyajian data deskriptif. Pengambilan data diperoleh melalui observasi, wawancara, dan angket yang dip...
Conference Paper
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The short novel Irimel sau Întâmplările unui tânăr român în Moldova, Rusia și Japonia, first published in instalments between 1905 and 1906, in the magazine "Comoara tinerimei, Revistă pentru adevăr, bine și frumos" and later in volume in 1927, is a fake chronicle of the Russo�Japanese war composed by Sofia Nădejde for an audience of children....
Article
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Existing research on syntactic complexity tends to examine diversity and complexity embedded in grammatical employments which may well be witnessed in formulations of different syntactic structures. Conceivably, the subject syntactic complexity seems to be exercised mostly by non-native speakers and writers. The present study employs pseudo-longitu...
Article
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Utterance Honorifics (UHs) are generally regarded as a main clause phenomenon as they reflect the speaker’s attitude towards the addressee/audience. UHs in Japanese present a challenging problem to this view, however, as it has been reported that they can be embedded under some circumstances (Miyagawa 2012; Yamada 2019 and references therein). In t...
Article
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Japanese English education reform continues to falter, and the same is true of university English education. However, amidst these circumstances, transmission-oriented English education is gaining attention as a methodological approach to English language educational reform. Transmission-oriented English education, in which the authors are also eng...
Article
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The study aimed to evaluate the association between green tea and coffee consumption and the risk of kidney cancer using data from a large prospective cohort study in Japan (the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study: JPHC Study). A total of 102,463 participants aged 40–69 were followed during 1,916,421 person-years (mean follow-up peri...
Article
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We evaluated the accuracy of the estimated serving size using digital photographs in a newly developed food atlas. From 209 food items in the food atlas, we selected 14 items with various appearances for evaluation. At the study site, fifty-four participants aged 18–33 years were served fourteen foods in the amount they usually ate. After they left...
Article
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This paper examines the nonlinear connection between corporate governance (CG) and corporate leverage. Our study applied the dynamic panel threshold model (DPTM) to facilitate the capture of the nonlinear effect of CG on a firm’s leverage for Japanese listed companies. Additionally, our study sought to demonstrate the linkage between CG and the spe...
Article
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This study explores the connection between language and social cognition by empirically testing different typological analyses of various demonstrative systems. Linguistic typology classifies demonstrative systems as distance-oriented or person-oriented, depending on whether they indicate the location of a referent relative only to the speaker, or...
Article
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Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship between cancer survivors’ return-to-work (RTW) status and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) following cancer diagnosis and treatment. Methods A questionnaire survey, which included three standardized HR-QOL instruments, was carried out among Japanese cancer survivo...
Article
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Four species of the xanthid genus, Lachnopodus Stimpson, 1858 [L. subacutus (Stimpson, 1858); L. bidentatus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867); L. rodgersi Stimpson, 1858 and L. tahitensis De Man, 1889], are reported based on specimens collected from the southern part of Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands, of which L. rodgersi and L. tahitensis represent new reco...
Article
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A detailed computational investigation of the wind field around tilted solar modules mounted on a large building roof has been undertaken, utilizing the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokesv (RANS) approach supplied with the SST k − ω turbulence model. The study investigated the flow field for various tilt angle of modules at normal wind directions rela...
Article
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Abstract Background Open-door laminoplasty (ODL) and French-door laminoplasty (FDL) are the main laminoplasty techniques used to treat cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (C-OPLL). However, few studies have compared the outcomes of ODL and modified FDL (mFDL) for C-OPLL. We explored the differences in outcomes between ODL a...
Article
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The amount and distribution of ceramide, an intercellular lipid, in the fingernails of three Japanese women in their twenties were examined by high-performance liquid chromatography and antibody staining. In addition, the structural changes of fingernail cross sections were examined after fingernails were immersed in an acetone-based nail polish re...
Article
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Background The utility of dipstick proteinuria for predicting microalbuminuria in non-diabetic lifestyle-related diseases compared with the urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (uPCR) and the effect of dipstick proteinuria on the cut-off value (CO) and accuracy of uPCR are unclear. Methods The subjects included Japanese patients ≥ 18 years old with l...
Article
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Past studies indicate that a number of environmental and psychological factors positively predict the perpetration of cyber-aggression. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the moderation mediating effect of problematic cyber-activities (FB addiction, phubbing) and culture (Japanese vs. West European) on the association between...
Article
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We conducted a prospective, randomized two-arm, parallel group, and open label trial to investigate whether the use of LINE would increase HPV vaccine intention among not completely vaccinated university students. In June 2020, we recruited students aged between 18 and 35 years from four universities in Japan. Among the 357 enrollees (female, 53%),...
Article
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Competition between planted seedlings and vegetation is a critical constraint affecting the survival and growth of seedlings at the initial stages of forestation. Quantitatively assessing the impact of competitive vegetation on the growth of planted seedling is vital for reduction of weeding cost. This study compared the survival and growth of pote...