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Publications related to Israel (10,000)
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Book
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Erasing Palestine examines the history of radical anti-Zionist Jewish thought, beginning with the maverick intellectuals Abraham Leon (1918-1944) and Isaac Deutscher (1907-1967), whose critical relationship with Israel has been erased from public memory. Guided by Abram’s and Deutscher’s understanding of Jewish history, I examine anti-Zionist movem...
Article
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We studied the endolichenic fungal communities from saxicolous lichens occupying the cobbles at Nahal Boker, the central Negev Desert, Israel. Overall, 101 species belonging to 64 genera were isolated from 12 lichen species collected in three seasons from the south-facing slope (SFS) and north-facing slope (NFS) of the wadi. The endolichenic commun...
Article
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The purpose of the Special Issue is to present, discuss and highlight international research on the characteristics, problems and consequences of various aspects of the functioning of preschool education and the children and families under their care in different continents and countries where war and armed conflicts occur. We also include large-sc...
Article
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This study was driven by an initial finding that female founders' participation rate in Israeli accelerators is significantly higher (15.3 %) than their participation rate in the. Israeli startup sector (7.4 %). Linking accelerators' design to the known barriers to female entrepreneurship, we examined how accelerators may enhance female entrepreneu...
Article
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This article discusses Jewish women who emigrated from Islamic countries to the State of Israel during the 1950s. When they arrived in the country, they encountered a secular establishment that had originated in Europe (Ashkenazic) and possessed an entirely different culture than that of these women, who were religious and had come from Africa and...
Article
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This study provides novel insight into the relationships between coping with stress as reported during the first three months of the Coronavirus outbreak, self-efficacy, and optimism among Israeli-Palestinian college students living in Israel. Participants (n = 702) were selected using convenience sampling techniques from ten colleges in Israel, an...
Article
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Recent studies show that conflict situations are a quite frequent reality in schools. These conflict occurrences can be attributed, among other things, to the lack of conflict resolution skills among school personnel. This paper presents a mixed methods study aimed to evaluate the effect of the “Mind the Conflict” intervention model on novice teach...
Article
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This paper examines discriminatory attitudes of Israeli Jews towards non-Jewish immigrants admitted into Israel under the Law of Return. We looked at three spheres of discrimination: admission, political rights, and welfare rights and focused on the role of realistic socioeconomic and symbolic threats in the emergence of discriminatory attitudes. W...
Article
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This paper examines how Israel’s national AI program was created. It reviews two documents that were published as part of this national effort and analyses their vision, objectives, recommendations and ethical and regulatory frameworks. The paper argues that similar to other discussions on National AI Strategies, the Israeli case shows how national...
Article
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This paper is concerned with the relativistic Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff. We establish the global-in-time existence, uniqueness and asymptotic stability for solutions nearby the relativistic Maxwellian. We work in the case of a spatially periodic box. We assume the generic hard-interaction and soft-interaction conditions on the colli...
Article
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Background Mental health contact centers (also known as Hotlines) offer crisis intervention and counselling by phone calls and online chats. These mental health helplines have shown great success in improving the mental state of the callers, and are increasingly becoming popular in Israel and worldwide. Unfortunately, our knowledge about how to con...
Article
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The term ‘resilience’ has increasingly featured in foreign and security policy discourse, appearing in the 2016 European Union Global Strategy, the 2017 US National Security Strategy, and most recently in the UK’s 2021 Integrated Review. These strategies note the importance of preparing for, responding to, and recovering from crises that could affe...
Article
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Background In 2013–2014, Israel accelerated adoption of activity-based payments to hospitals. While the effects of such payments on patient length of stay (LoS) have been examined in several countries, there have been few analyses of incentive effects in the Israeli context of capped reimbursements and stretched resources. Methods We examined admi...
Article
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The global need to intensify sustainable food systems in the face of growing demands and environmental pressures calls for innovative solutions. With the growth of worldwide urbanization and the expansion of inhabited spaces, it is time to evaluate the opportunities for food production within settled environments. The literature shows a growing pub...
Article
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Background In most countries, including those with national health insurance or comprehensive public insurance, some expenses for cancer treatment are borne by the ill and their families. Objectives This study aims to identify the areas of out-of-pocket (OOP) spending in the last half-year of the lives of cancer patients and examine the extent of...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic caused four waves of infection in Israel until October 2021. Israel was the first country to offer vaccinations to all the adult population followed by boosters. This study addresses how mortality rates reflect the effects of the pandemic. Methods Total mortality rates and rates of mortality without COVID-19 deaths...
Article
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The present article sets out to explore the relationship between the social worker’s identity and the organizational change within the Ministry of Welfare in Israel. The article builds on the observation that successful organizational change requires a good understanding of the impact of change on the identity of the employees. First, the study set...
Article
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Background Infectious keratitis is a major cause of global blindness. We tested whether standalone photoactivated chromophore corneal cross-linking (PACK-CXL) may be an effective first-line treatment in early to moderate infectious keratitis, compared with standard antimicrobial treatment. Methods This is a randomized, controlled, multinational ph...
Article
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Background: In 2005, Clalit Health Services (CHS), the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, initiated an intervention program aimed at reducing the prevalence rate of infantile anemia (IA). This study evaluated the progress made during the intervention (2005-2014) and its yield 5 years after it ended (2019). Methods: The CHS databa...
Article
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Abstract Purpose To present the response of the Israel National Transplantation Center (NTC) to the evolving challenge of COVID-19, the impact on deceased organ donation and living organ kidney donation during 2020, and resultant policy and ethical implications. Methods Data collected included (i) for deceased donors, the total number of potential...
Article
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Background Limited data exist on long-term consequences of bloodstream infections (BSIs). We aimed to examine incidence, 1-year mortality, and years of potential life lost (YPLL) following BSI. We estimated the relative contribution of hospital-onset BSI (HO-BSI) and antibiotic-resistant BSI to incidence, mortality and YPLL. Methods We used data f...
Article
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Introduction Weight stigmatization, a common phenomenon in the healthcare system, exerts numerous adverse consequences on patients' wellbeing. The objective of this study was to estimate the extent and characteristics of weight stigmatization in Israel, based on the reports of overweight and obese individuals. Methods This study was performed by d...
Article
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Background Limited real-world data from routine clinical care are available on the safety and effectiveness of treatment with taliglucerase alfa in patients with Gaucher disease (GD). Methods Taliglucerase Alfa Surveillance (TALIAS), a multinational prospective Drug Registry of patients with GD, was established to evaluate the long-term safety (pr...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the important role of professionals in designing and communicating effective policies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of trust in the COVID-19 national public health policy among public health professionals in Israel and its correlates during the first wave of the pandemic. Me...
Article
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Background Community water fluoride (CWF) is the proven cornerstone of primary dental health care promotion. In 2002 CWF was made mandatory at a national level in Israel, however a new government revoked these regulations in August 2014. "Maccabi" is the second largest national health care provider with 2.3 million members, "Maccabi-Dent", its dent...
Chapter
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In many cultures, children with intersex traits are subjected to medically unnecessary genital operations in an attempt to reshape their sexual anatomy to approximate a more stereotypical male or female appearance. In addition to these surgeries, there are three main patterns of medically unnecessary genital operations performed on non-intersex chi...
Preprint
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In this report, we describe the first national scale multi-laboratory evaluation of commercial quantitative PCR kits for detection of Monkeypox virus (MPXV) DNA. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of two kits by different diagnostic laboratories across Israel. A panel of 10 standardized samples was tested simultaneously using...
Article
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Normalisasi hubungan Israel dan Arab pada dekade saat ini menjadi salah satu penghambat dalam perjuangan kemerdekaan Palestina. Di tahun 2020, Donald Trump telah memediasi empat negara Arab untuk menyepakati normalisasi hubungan dengan Israel. Di balik kesepakatan ini, terdapat berbagai kepentingan negara-negara Arab terkait, Israel, dan AS di wila...
Article
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In this study, we discuss learning aspects related to the production of prehistoric stone tools and their use as a holistic process, with a case study from the late Lower Paleolithic Levant—recycled items from the site of Qesem Cave (420–200,000 bp), Israel. Qesem Cave is a central and well-studied Acheuleo-Yabrudian site. Among the set of distinct...
Article
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This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine trends in pediatric (0–18 years old) hospitalizations due to dentoalveolar infection, before and after the inclusion of pediatric dental care in Israel’s National Health Insurance Law. Data were collected from the medical records of one oral and maxillofacial surgery department. Data were compared be...
Chapter
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This chapter presents the concept of Playful Publics on TikTok. In May 2021, the popular video-sharing platform became a powerful agent in the Israel-Gaza warfare giving rise to various participatory behaviors cultivated by TikTok’s culture of memes. The platform’s recommendation feed (“For You”) was swamped with memetic videos created by Palestini...
Chapter
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Land Acknowledgment: We acknowledge that the state of Israel is built on the lands that have been home to the Palestinian people for centuries. As a settler colonial nation state, Israel has been displacing Palestinian people with military force and violence and has been actively trying to erase the presence of Palestinian history, culture, languag...
Research Proposal
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Primary effort in Israel will be directed towards estimating the vectorial capacity of potentially important Cullicoides species from different geographic areas. From this information, safe areas will be defined, in which effected livestock can be protected from bluetongue and akabane viruses. The US collaborator will work towards colonization of v...
Article
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Objective: To identify the socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with the prevalence of self-reported long-COVID symptoms. Method: We examined the association between acute-COVID (SARS-CoV-2) and long-COVID symptoms, by a cross-sectional analysis of data obtained on a prospective online-survey, conducted from November to December 2021 on...
Article
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The Forgotten Friendship: Israel and the Soviet Bloc: Part II: Soviet Rational For Supporting Zionism
Research Proposal
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Eught Culicoides spp. which readily attack cattle and/or sheep have been selected as possible vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). These include C. newsteadi (Austen), C. obsoletus (Meigen), C. oxystoma (keiffer) and C. Pulicaris (L.) in Israel, and C. debilipalpis (Lutz), C. obsoletus (Meigen), C. paraensis (Goeldi) and C. stellifer (Coquillett) in...
Article
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The west‐east terrain cross‐section along ∼150 km of the northern part of Israel has a coastal plain—mountain—valley structure; hereafter denoted iCMV. The boundary layer height (BLH) evolution mechanism across the iCMV has not yet been fully understood. We use Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) simulations and ceilometer measurements to deciph...
Article
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Breast cancer is a leading cause of death. There are a number of risk factors for breast cancer mortality including parity, age, ethnicity, genetic history, and place of residence. This study examined the disparities in breast cancer-related mortality rates among women from urban areas compared to rural areas in Israel. This was a retrospective, fo...
Article
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Objective: To assess the impact of changing the reporting threshold policy of positive urine cultures in hospitalized non-pregnant adults from 104 CFU/mL to 105 CFU/mL on the unwarranted use of antibiotics and patient safety. Setting: A 1100-bed tertiary-care hospital in southern Israel. Methods: As an intervention, we changed urine culture reporti...
Article
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Crocobelonite, CaFe23+ (PO4)2O is a new natural oxyphosphate discovered in phosphide-phosphate assemblages of pyrometamorphic complexes belonging to the Hatrurim Formation in Israel and Jordan. It appears as submillimeter-sized aggregates of prismatic to acicular crystals of saffron-red colour, associated with hematite, diopside, anorthite, and pho...
Article
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Childhood obesity is a major health problem. We examined differences between children with obesity and normal weight in nutritional and inflammation biomarkers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among healthy children aged 10–12 years from Arab villages in Israel. Parents were interviewed regarding sociodemographic and children’s health status....
Preprint
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Background: Patient centeredness is a core element in healthcare. However, there is a gap between the understanding of this term by health care professionals, and patients’ capability, self-efficacy and willingness to take part in medical decisions. We aimed to expose standpoints toward "patient centeredness" among junior medical managers (JMM), as...
Article
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Aim: To consider the question of whether to initiate trophic feeds with formula in the absence of own mother’s breastmilk or to wait for breastmilk to be available. Methods: A retrospective study of infants born prior to 32 weeks of gestation during the period 2012–2017 at a single tertiary center in Tel Aviv, Israel. Three TF groups were defined:...
Poster
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Although the ecological importance and impact of non-indigenous species is increasingly recognised and documented in shallow water ecosystems, their presence beyond the shelf has scarcely been documented. A survey of the upper slope biota of the Mediterranean coast of Israel revealed the presence at 200-m depth of individuals of three Erythraean sp...
Poster
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The continental margin off the Mediterranean coast of Israel has experienced in recent decades rapid increase in anthropogenic pressures, from global change to local offshore gas production. Yet, our ability to comprehend and evaluate impacts and possible interactions among shelf and upper slope stressors is severely hampered by the lack of data. O...
Article
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Despite the wide distribution and health importance of anisakids of the genus Contracaecum, epidemiological data on their occurrence in definitive bird hosts are scarce, particularly from certain parts of the world that represent important wintering sites or migration stopovers for different bird species. In the present study, Contracaecum spp. inf...
Book
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Overview Should the United States end its economic sanctions on Russia, stop its military aid to Ukraine, and promote a ceasefire along a new border? Abstract The Cold War ended in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. NATO then expanded eastward growing from sixteen members in 1999 to thirty in 2020. Its fourteen new members were former re...
Article
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This article explores the relationship between the meaning of style in Idol-format TV shows, and the political style which many scholars consider central for understanding populism today. Inspired by Jacques Rancière's notion of aesthetic regimes, I theorise what I call ‘the regime of style’ as a set of aesthetic principles shared across these fiel...
Article
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Purpose Despite the ability of podcasts to bring free quality content to the masses, studies found that podcast consumption have been identified mostly with the elite class, thus increasing knowledge gaps and digital divides. This study aims to examine whether this trend extends to non-elitist podcast genres by providing the first analysis of sport...
Article
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The purpose of this research is to present a new model for understanding ethnonationalism: the dynamic ethnonationalism model, which depicts ethnic nationalism as an entity comprised of inherited elements as well as selective and changing ones. According to this new concept, ethnic nationalism, which is usually thought of as a “closed” given kinshi...
Article
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Purpose Cultural variance represents a significant challenge to policy designers and, in practice, to employers in the varied employment spaces. Providing workplace accessibility for the integration of various cultural groups requires deep thinking and creating unique possibilities for each group in accord with its particular heritage. Ultra-Orthod...
Article
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Background: The accurate and timely publication of scientific findings is a key component of the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This article explores the role of Israeli researchers in the scientific literature regarding COVID-19 vaccines. Methods: Content and bibliometric analysis of articles included in the Web of Science database r...
Article
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Self-Potential data have been widely used in numerous applications. The interpretation of SP data from subsurface bodies is quite challenging. The advantages of geophysical inversion for interpreting non-linear geophysical problems have gained a great deal of attention over conventional interpretation. The efficiency of the present inversion approa...
Article
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Abstract: In the context of COVID-19 outcomes, global data have deduced a gender bias towards severe disease among males. The aim is to compare morbidity and mortality during two years of the COVID-19 pandemic in female and male patients with COVID-19, as well as to assess length of stay, time of health-seeking behavior after positive diagnosis, an...
Article
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Background Varied populations may react differently to similar crises, depending on their social, cultural, and personal backgrounds; conversely, the same populations may respond differently to varied adversities. The current study aimed to examine three types of resilience (individual, community, and societal resilience) predicting six coping mech...
Article
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Should supersessionism be superseded? Noting that supersessionism is routinely dismissed as a detestable error in Swedish public discourse as well as in academic theology, this article aims at providing some deeper reflection on what is denoted by the term supersessionism and what sort of supersessionism is incompatible with the current positions o...
Article
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In the early spring of 2022, the author of this study was asked by the Hungarian Chapter of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem to carry out a survey of a section of the medieval fortress in Milia in Israel with the help of a local archaeologist. The target area was the section of the wall behind King Andrew II’s monument erected by the Or...
Article
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Analysis of the third round of the Middle East Scholars Barometer focused on obstacles to research and ethical considerations, including the need for self-censorship, holding workshops in the Middle Easy, and boycotting Israel.
Article
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Dear Readers,‎ I am proud to bring to you the latest edition of the FORTNIGHTLY, a review of Middle East business, ‎developments and news, for the period ending 23 November 2022.‎ Some highlights of this issue include the following:‎ ‎1.2.‎ TotalEnergies & ENI Sign Deal With Israel on Gas Field Shared with Lebanon ‎2.6.‎ First Israeli Company J...
Article
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The switch to online teaching that the global COVID-19 crisis necessitated has been discussed in many studies. Few papers, however, have investigated teachers' perceptions and the self-initiated changes they made due to such a transition. This study adopted a mixed methods design to determine the perceptions of teachers and the changes they made du...
Article
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Introduction: The present study examines the role of perceived partial social integration (PPSI) in determining the rejection of the COVID-19 vaccine of Jewish and Arab citizens of Israel. Methods: The research hypotheses are examined using a relatively large sample of the Israeli public, including 208 Arab and 600 Jewish adults, who have responde...
Article
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Background: Research on Mental Health Literacy (MHL) has been growing in different geographical and cultural contexts. However, little is known about the relationship between immigrant generations, acculturation, stigma, and MHL among immigrant populations. Aims: This study aims to examine differences in MHL among immigrant generations (first, 1.5,...
Article
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Background: Crohn’s disease (CD) incidence is rising in India. However, features of newly diagnosed patients with CD in this population are largely unknown. The Indo-Israeli IBD GastroEnterology paRtnership (TiiiGER) aimed to investigate differences in presentation among patients with newly diagnosed CD in India and Israel, and to explore phenotype...
Article
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This study aims to provide a comprehensive spatio-temporal analysis of the annual and seasonal extreme rainfall indices over the southern Levant from 1970 to 2020. For this, temporal and spatial trends of 15 climate extreme indices based on daily precipitation at 66 stations distributed across Israel and Palestine territories were annually and seas...
Preprint
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Cities have been shown to exhibit empirical scaling behavior where numerous variables of urban performance are allometric, like greenhouse gas emissions. Polluting emissions have negative environmental and health impacts. Therefore, recently, this methodology of urban scaling has been implemented to study the dynamics of vehicle and industrial emis...
Article
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Israel and Lebanon closed a striking a U.S.-brokered deal on maritime borders that would allow Israel to export gas to Europe and mark a rare instance of economic cooperation between the neighboring countries. The current draft of the deal gives Israel full control of the disputed Karish gas field in the Mediterranean Sea, according to Israeli and...
Article
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Social media have become primary venues for pubic conversations, but we know very little about how and where holy places are discussed in social media and who participates in these conversations. To address these questions, we look at the Temple Mount, one of the most significant places to the three ancient monotheistic religions, which is of great...
Article
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Statistical analyses often require unbiased and reliable data completion. In this work, we imputed missing fine particulate matter (PM2.5) observations from eight years (2012–2019) of records in 59 air quality monitoring (AQM) stations in Israel, using no auxiliary data but the available PM2.5 observations. This was achieved by a new k-Nearest Neig...
Article
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Forthcoming, Review of International Organizations Despite growing scholarly interest in international rankings, we know little on how the public perceives them. Do rankings bring citizens to favor compliance with international standards? Or do citizens simply dismiss the rankings? We examine these questions through the Israeli public's response to...
Article
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Background: In recent years, several actions have been made to shorten the chain of survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). These include placing defibrillators in public places, training first responders, and providing dispatcher-assisted CPR (DA-CPR). In this work, we aimed to evaluate the impact of these changes on patients’ outcomes,...