Questions related to Introduction
I'm using some words in my research paper's introduction like "task compilation time," "fixation," "fixation duration," etc. I define those variables or terms in the methodology, but readers may not be able to understand them in the first place. So, how does the researcher deal with such a problem? They are not new terms or variables. In eye-tracking research, they're common terms. So, should I mention these kinds of terms in my introduction?
Do anyone have examples where the introduction of new overall or specific methodologies have led to significant changes/results within an academic field or within the real-world dimension that a specific field targets?
I'm working on the thesis in the field of physics particularly physical chemistry in electrolyzer cell technology (related to fuel cell technology). but i'm confused which contents should I include in the introduction? If you help
thanks and regards.
Describing the challenge of the study in a review paper
can some one guild me how to best answer this comment from examiners?
...For research purposes to help others. If you are or know of anyone who is who would be willing to share his/her story, I would greatly appreciate the introduction! Thank you so much!!
I would like to prepare a lecture on "Introduction to Statistics" and am looking for a suitable textbook on which to base the lecture. Any recommendations?
The attached image is the introduction of part D - Complex Analysis from [Kreyszig, E. (2009). Advanced engineering mathematics, 10th edition.]. At the end of the introduction, the author explains why complex analysis is important in three points. I am having difficulty understanding point (3), my questions are: 1- How studying analytic functions as functions of a complex variable leads to a deeper understanding of their properties? 2- How studying analytic functions as functions of a complex variable leads to interrelations in complex that have no analog in real calculus. I am grateful to anyone who could or tried to answer my questions and if possible provide examples to get a full understanding.
I plan to divide my long research article(simulation + mathematical) into two parts, but I am clueless about how to do this. (I can not separate the simulation and mathematical analysis)
I have a few questions regarding the same
1) Do I need to show the common mathematics in both parts?
2) Can the introduction be the same?
3) Can some explanations remain the same in both parts?
Can someone give me the reference of any article divided into two parts?
I am writing my master's thesis in the structure displayed in the attached picture.
I write about the new methods I developed in the methods section. There are some topics that I don't know in which chapter to include them. For example, one of my methods is related to Cross-Validation. I want to add some background about Cross Validation from the literature. Where should I write about it? In the introduction, or to add this paragraph in the methods before the relevant method?
I cited a piece of information while submitting my article back in 2021. During submission, it was state-of-the-art. After being accepted in 2022, I found updated state-of-the-art published very recently. Should I update my citation with the 2022 data?
In the current stage, we, the authors, will submit the final files, and the editorial office will give us another chance of proofreading after adapting to the formats. And, it is just a piece of information in the Introduction section and doesn't affect the result/outcome of the article.
Thanks for your time!
Is the hypothesis (formulated in the introduction to the
I have two ideas for a research topic, yet combining them is not working in my ADD head.
I am struggling with my introduction, not the methods or other sections yet want to combine self-affirmations and testing the emotions in a participants writing.
Sometimes you find it necessary to include literature/cite work to firmly assemble your introduction, and too, thrash some disagreements, and differences to give your introduction a sense of purpose. Yet, in the literature review section, you will be forced to repeat identical discussions. So, what about joining both intro and literature review?
The introduction of smart foresight in the decision making process opens new possibilities for the decision making centers by upgrading aspects such as transparency, flexibility, risk aversion,, rate of adoption in both private and public sector, etc. Please comment
Some modern-day commercial aircraft engines employ chevrons (sawtooth pattern or serrated edges) at the back of their nacelles and engine exhaust nozzles essentially to reduce jet noise from separated-flow turbofan engines. Aside the reduction of acoustic level of the exhaust, other technical benefits may accrue from the introduction of such mixing devices. From point of view of a researcher/industrialist, what are other technical or economic benefits of chevrons' usage in jet engine nozzles of modern aircraft? This discussion is a precursory background to further research or explore other significant effects of chevrons' installation on the overall performance of a typical turbofan engine, which may include investigation of acoustic characterization, fluid-structure interactions and specific fuel consumption of such an aircraft engine.
Some modern-day turbofan engines employ chevrons (sawtooth pattern or serrated edges) at the back of their fan housings and exhaust nozzles essentially to reduce jet noise emanating from separated-flow engines. Aside the reduction of acoustic level of the exhaust gases, other technical benefits may accrue from the introduction of such mixing devices. From point of view of a researcher/industrialist, what are other technical benefits of chevrons' installation in the exhaust nozzles of a modern turbofan engine?
There are different segments of a paper. However, to me writing the references is the most irritating part as I have to rewrite it again and again whenever it gets rejected. What about others?
Recently， I am working on a study about PWHT. I curious on when did PWHT first appear? How did PWHT develop with history time ? Which research institutions have made outstanding contributions in this regard?
hope to update the knowledge of PWHT, looking foward for your reply.
Thanks in advance.
I know nothing about this two related subjects and I need, for the moment, a concise introduction and, later, a more deep explanation with implementation techniques.
Currently, I am using Q5® Site-Directed Mutagenesis Kit for introduction of desire mutation in genome. instead of getting single desire band, I am getting multiple band on agarose gel;. I have cross verified DNA template, Primers.
I am preparing two courses, one for Master students (semiconductors) and another about solid-state physics (PhD students)
Do you have any complete book references with exercises and corrections to prepare for such courses?
I ll have students with different backgrounds so I ll have to do some introductions
Thank you in advance
I am undertaking a project which aims to compare the incidence of VTE between two groups with the same treatment. One group includes patients before introduction of a routine risk assessment tool and the other group includes patients after introduction of a routine risk assessment tool for VTE. Data will be collected retrospectively from a bespoke database and patients will be followed up for 3 months after the treatment was started. I was wondering what the best way to approach this would be. Also, can I do a study that just investigated this specific aim or do I have to look at other things too?
Can you extend Jones polynomial, Khovanov homology, Khovanov-Lipshitz-Sarkar stable homotopy type of links in the 3-sphere to any other 3-manifold? Kauffman, Manturov, Rushworth, Asaeda, Przytycki, Sikora, Tubbenhauer, Nikonov, and the author gave a partial answer in the case of thickened surfaces. See section four for the following article for detail.
Dear fellow scholars, can someone explain how can I prepare for my Interview for the post of Assistant Professor (Environmental Science) in a Central University. I know that I should prepare my CV, ready for self introduction.
For further interactions, how should I prepare myself. Because all we aware that no one can expertise in all the subjects. Most interview panel contain mixed group of experts, age groups etc. I have a short time to prepare and tell me how can I achieve this.
Thanks in advance!!!
I am aiming to write a PHD proposal of 1000 words. The research is described by the supervisor. That means, research questions, aim, and instruments are well defined by the supervisor.
I developed an introduction along with a brief literature review. I also refined the aim to specific objectives and outlined the reseaech methodology.
My questions are:
1- Should I paraphrase the research questions and research significance defined by the supervisor in my proposal?
2- In view of words limitation, what are the the sections that should be given more attention?
Thank you so much
Let me consider harmonic oscillations x'' + x = f_t(t), where f_t(t) describes thermal stochastic force <f_t(t) f_t(t')> \sim \delta(t - t'). I have already understood, that I can switch from such differential equation to the integral equations, where the integrals can be performed in Ito or Stratanovich sense. Which one relates to the real situation?
Another case: escape probability. If I want to numerically extract mean lifetime of a classical particle in a potential well due to thermal fluctuations, what kind of stochastic modeling should I use?
We are looking for some one who can help with writting the introduction in the field of personality, social psychology, and well-being. If you are interested, please leave your email address here.
As the main research parts including, the abstracts, introduction, literature review, research methodology, research findings, discussions, reccommendation and conclusions. So, What does it mean by tenses (a set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time).
Its a question from book introduction to machine learning by Ethem Alpaydin.
Let us say we have two representations for the same object and associated with each, we have a different kernel. how can we use both to implement a joint dimensionality reduction using kernel PCA?
I found this image that I wish to use in a scholar publication but its author is unknown. Can someone please tell me the original source of this image (some old book or text ?!)?????
Details - I downloaded a document from the internet called Introduction to fungi. This seems to be some unpublished work (a leaked thesis maybe?!). No names or citations are shown on this document (68pp). It featured this graphic as Fig1.1 (no credits given anywhere) which I wish to use in my thesis. So I would like to give the proper citation for the image!
Recently, I got a comment from a reviewer, saying that recent works have not been cited in the manuscript. However, i had cited the most relevant and important older works in the introduction section of my manuscript. I looked for the recent literature but could't find any good one related to my work. As-per the comment of the reviewer; should I add the new unimportant literature in my manuscript as well or not?
Thank you very much.
I would like to discuss this suggestion for editors of science journals (eg MDPI). It is about adding a "Practical application" or "Practical application of the results" section to the article structure, preferably right before or right after “Conclusions” section. In one of the reviews of our papers, the reviewer suggested adding such a section to show the practical implications of our research, as given for practicing professionals in the respective field of expertise. I believe that this is a very important suggestion. Not all research has practical, direct application, and is very often within the boundaries of basic examination, but it is advisable that the authors indicate (consider) areas for which the described results may be of practical importance. It does not have to be a commercial use, but a support for another area of science, for the benefit of society or community. You can say that there is an “Introduction” already, so why give another section? Unfortunately, a very common phenomenon in the Introduction section is to provide sources of applications without their verification, purely based on the luxuriant imagination of the authors of the reports being cited. A separate section on "practical applications/implications" will allow the application directions to be clearly marked and the authors to take responsibility for this part. Quoting other authors is a cover from this responsibility, but is also responsible for misconceptions growing within the scientific field and community. The introduction of such a section may be beneficial for both authors and publishers. It will increase the interest in the article and is more useful than the so-called research highlights. I am curious about your opinion on this matter.
Could you share with me your ideas on writing the introduction to a journal article? Does a research article need a separate literature review section or it can be included in the introduction section of the article?
Please provide me your suggestions.
I heard and following that an introduction of the article should the last attempt, and I have finished methodology, findings, discussion, and conclusion but trying start to write an introduction. I am expecting any suggestions/guidelines from the expert (who recently finished SLR) for the Good/Standard Introduction write-up.
Wondering if anyone here has done this Certification course before and can give a review. Is NIH Introduction to Principles & Practice of Clinical Research course worth doing?
Where can the Pilot study be presented in a formal paper? I'm going to use IMRD mode for my manuscript. Is it better to have it in the introduction? or put it in Method while describing research design? Or any ideas? Thanks.
The article title is:
The purpose of this study is to: Connecting lexical bundles and moves in research article introductions
By Viviana Cortes
Engineer design is unimaginable without standardization. However, as they are now, the standards have not been adaptable and they cannot be used to predict future requirements. In the last couple of decades self-organizing has been increasingly used for solving complex problems in certain contexts. The intention of this question is getting answers regarding the introduction of expectations of changes in the development process. How can we expect the unexpected?
We are analysing scientific reports at University in great detail, so I wanted to find a scientific report about how to write a scientific report. Including detail such as what information to put in each paragraph of the introduction, the purpose of the discussion, how to lay out the results etc. I wondered if anyone could recommend a study paper on this or could offer any advice? Thank you
While teaching Quantum mechanics to beginners, do you feel that the traditonal historical development of the subject followed by wave mechanics approach be replaced by axiomatic introduction to the subject, followed by discussion on Quantum mechanics of spin ensembles approach ?
which would be better mode of exposition option for such studentship level ?
Blog date: Oct/22/2020
How to form a bond with others online? It can be done, using information (what one does not expect) and trust (what one knows that one knows). I am studying this, directly and online, for 17+ years, though it takes time to develop finesse. I am also learning computer programming and Brazilian Portuguese. Programming is the process of breaking a large, complex task into smaller and smaller subtasks until the subtasks are simple enough to be performed directly. Portuguese is very intersubjective.
Current entry in Blog: see last answer with Blog posting date.
I have synthesis iron oxide nanoparticles need surface modification when introduce TEoS I got silane layer but not Oh group .Since this Oh group is necessary for further introduction of double bond .
In view of the research question I posted recently, this book will be of great importance, however, I can't get the soft copy so I was hoping if anyone happens to have it and would really appreciate it if it can be shared.
Chapter 1 is the introduction, so combination of present and past tense should be used.
However, Chapter 2 is the literature review, should it be the past tense since they are those previous works that have been conducted? OR Should we use present tense in the literature review because the results have become the truth?
Chapter 3- Past tense
Chapter 4- Combination of present tense and past tense?
Chapter 5- Present tense?
I am wondering if I am violating copyrights issues and risking plagiarism if I copy-paste certain amounts of text from my own previously published papers. This is since I am working in the same research area and sometimes, the introduction of the papers are more or less the same.
Can anybody please let me know?
Thanks in advance.
I feel I have a reasonable sense of the contribution made by the French Annales school in the interwar period and its postwar reception but am certainly not an expert. As such I find it very hard to recommend an introduction for people who are unfamiliar with it - "type 'Annales' into JSTOR and read the first hundred results" seems unreasonably burdensome. If you had to recommend either a single monograph or no more than three articles to introduce someone to the history, impact, and key insights of the Annales school what would they be? And to make it trickier, since I know who I usually have to recommend things to, without recommending anything in French.
Writing the discussion section is always the scariest part of a paper or a thesis. I came up with some ideas to make it less difficult, but would like to hear other tips! Here are my two bits:
- When writing an article, it is easier to start with the factual sections (methods, results) followed by the introduction and the discussion/conclusion at the end. It is important to identify the biggest gaps in the introduction, as you will come back to them in the discussion.
- In the discussion, always start with the limitations: it is quite factual.
- Then, focus on 3-4 main results that benefit from some additional context to understand what they mean, e.g. data from other studies or other countries, which can suggest some possible explanation.
- Finally, try to relate these findings with previous theory or practices, and explain what your work adds that is new.
Do you have other ideas?
In my thesis, I cited some data about the incidence, definition, diagnosis of human disease from the introduction section of an experimental study that mentioned these information. I was wondering if this is scientifically appropriate or I should cite these data from human studies
I am a social scientist and I want to learn the basics of Bayesian Statistics without going deep into technical details (scary formulae, equations, etc.). Can someone please suggest some books, videos, websites that provide a lucid introduction to Bayesian Statistics?
I am conducting a simple mediation model (X, M, Y) using Hayes PROCESS macro on SPSS. I have read that there is no assumption of distribution for this method but I was unsure if I have misinterpreted this?
My M variable and Y variable are both non-normal, so is it still appropriate to run a mediation or should I transform the variables?
I have read over Hayes (2013) Introduction to Mediation but I want to double-check that I am not violating any assumptions here
Thanks in advance
Would like to have a simple introduction to this group of bacteria
- where and how to isolate
-growth conditions particularly hydrogen sulphide and reduce sulphur organics like thiols and mercaptans.
Many thanks Andrew
Basically, I aim to develop a one semester (6 -months) coursework on Magnetic Tunnel Junctions (MTJ).
I am able to find a lot of books on Spintronics with a few chapters on MTJ.
1) Can anybody suggest me a book that specially focuses on every aspect of magnetic tunnel junctions ( Basic introduction and priniciple, working of Magnetic tunnel junctions, theory of spin transfer torque in MTJ, experimental fabrication of MTJ - Materials as well as synthesis perspective, Heusler alloys in MTJ, Theoretical models for characterization of MTJ, Experimental characterization of MTJ).
2) Can anybody suggest a book or two on Spintronics that focuses on MTJs.
Hello fellow researchers,
I am writing an introduction on a new article on social marginalization in school, where I wish to refer to leading research on well-being (or school belonging) and academic achievement in school. Do you know any articles in which the relationship between student well-being and academic achievement is analyzed thoroughly? Is there any evidence that more well-being leads to higher academic achievements? How strong is this relationship and has it been quantified in former research?
Thanks for your suggestions in advance.
I'm looking for a very good textbook on Nanotechnology that can be given for the final year BSc students in physics and materials science could anyone suggest a book?I
I am writing the systematic review. For the introduction part, first, I breifly described the rationale and objective (1 page, double line). However, I am afraid that the reader may not clearly understand what I mention in the result part, therefore, I want to write the short description for the related information after my objective. It may take 2 pages. Is it possible for the format of systematic review? If can, please give me the articles which did like this.
Thank you so much!
I need some technical help. I am trying to insert an image in the introduction of a survey in Opinio. I click on 'insert image' button, then I am prompted to paste the url of the desired image, which I do, but nothing other than a tiny blue box appears in the draft. There is no image or blue box in the survey preview. How can I insert an image in my survey??? Thank you!
Some journals do require that a manuscript contain Introduction as a heading as well as background as another heading. This clear separation make it difficult for distinguishing what information goes directly under these headings. I therefor need clarification on what constitutes Introduction and Background.
Can I republish the introduction section of a work in progress? The copyright of the first work is CC BY 4.0 Does that count as self-plagiarism?
Why the introduction of a random slope effect in a two-level mixed effect negative binomial model significantly alters the estimated coefficients, when compared to the estimated coefficients of the two-level random intercept negative binomial model?
I ’m Song Yufeng, a Ph.D. student from the School of Finance, Nankai University, China. I am very interested in environmental economics, climate change, and financial stability. I am very honored to read your working paper "Climate Transition Risk, Climate Sentiments". , and Financial Stability in a Stock-Flow Consistent Approach ", I am very impressed with the introduction of the" bank climate sentiment "research method in FSC for the first time in this article, but due to the initial contact, there are several details that I would like to consult you and look forward to answer:
1. Regarding the non-linear prediction module in the third part of the article, I have understood the logic of construction, but it is not clear how it works. In short, how is the scenario simulation diagram in Part 5 drawn from the previous model? Can you elaborate on the technical route or suggest what kind of software and data I use?
2. I pay attention to the brief introduction in Appendix B, in which there are several colors of lines attached to the figure, and the meaning is not explained. This makes me understand that it is more difficult to construct your innovative model. Could you give me some explanation?
3. I hope to deepen my understanding of the research content of "climate change and policy impact, financial stability" by replicating your work. I look forward to your response
I am researching the nuances of materiality in the making of Art. I am looking at natural materials as opposed to synthetic to try to reduce my Carbon foot print in the making of Art.
So far I have been experimenting casting sculptural works in Hydraulic Lime (NHL3.5) instead of Conrete in order to reduce CO 2. However I am looking to try out the more durable Roman concrete whci uses Lime, Valcanic ash and or sand. Key to its setting is the introduction of sea water and actually setting it in Salt water.
‘Production of alkaline pore fluids through dissolution-precipitation, cation-exchange and/or carbonation reactions with Campi Flegrei ash components, similar to processes in altered trachytic and basaltic tuffs, created multiple pathways to post-pozzolanic phillipsite and Al-tobermorite crystallization at ambient seawater and surface temperatures’.
Jackson, M. D. et al. (2017) ‘Phillipsite and Al-tobermorite mineral cements produced through low-temperature water-rock reactions in Roman marine concrete’, American Mineralogist, 102(7), pp. 1435–1450. doi: 10.2138/am-2017-5993CCBY.(accessed 2nd February 2020)
We are beginners in Engineering Geology and want to set geotechnical laboratory. We are looking for theoretical material an an introduction and focused on eurocodes.
Please, let us know how can we start.
I am trying to understand a paper on calculating second-order elastic constants. Results from the Lagrangian theory of elasticity are introduced briefly and then it goes on to describe the computational scheme. Since my background in elasticity is basically non-existent, i would appreciate any suggestion on the topic.
Hi, I am looking for a solution manual of this book "introduction to magnetic material" by Cullity , how can I find it?