Science topic

Internationality - Science topic

The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Questions related to Internationality
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The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria does provide clarity on who qualifies to be an author but I have not been able to find any guidelines about the last author.
1. What is the main senior supervisor's correct position (order of authorship)?
2. Is the second position more valuable than the last one?
3. Do the first and last authors have the same value?
4. In case an author does qualify the ICJME criteria but contributes the least, would it be ideal to place the author last or as the penultimate author to the main senior author?
5. What value does being a corresponding author hold? Since its often used as an important criterion for promotions.
Many thanks
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Are people too quick to accept information at face value through social media and therefore failing to use essential critical thinking and evaluation in establishing the knowledge that underpins the development of a global society?
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Nowadays, people are quickly accepting social media in developing countries.
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Difficult question, esp where scientists face persecution and harassment for whistle-blowing.
Could we have a Global body to report infringements to? A body with the power to investigate and prosecute?
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If there is no morality in everything, it is a worthless product. We Uzbeks have a saying: It is easy to be a scientist, it is difficult to be a man. Because it is very sad that even among scientists there are immoral people, which is primarily a sign of their lack of moral qualities.
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Hello everyone
I am modelling masonry infilled RC frame in ANSYS Mechanical APDL and defining joints (between mortar-mortar, infill and RC member) using cohesive zone material model. But the global base shear vs -displacement response which I am getting is not comparable to experimental values. I have tried changing the parameters of czm model but then also I am unable to get any close response, both in-terms of peak as well as initial stiffness.
I have attached the image of plot and model for your reference.
Can anyone help me with this?
Any suggestion what could be the mistake or any changes that can make it correct?
Thanks
Regards
Himanshi
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I am facing problem in contact debonding using czm material. My model is a 3d infillnwall model.
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What is the Advantages and disadvantages of Globalization???
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Advantages : Buisness networking through IT can be too much popular .
( automation of whole world become easier ) .
Disadvanges : Unemplyment , money hacking through banking sector , Cyber crime through social media are increasing day by day
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It is observed that global economy is weakening. A economic slowdown giving rise to tit-for -tat tariffs and moreover the political uncertainties are adding woes.
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“The optimum population is modeled on the iceberg- eight-ninths below the water line, one-ninth above.”
― Aldous Huxley, Brave New World
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Due to the progressing global warming process, the issue of necessary ecological reforms should be one of the most important issues shaping the processes of globalization in the 21st century.
Will ecology become one of the key aspects of globalization in the 21st century?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Garry King,
Yes you are right. I also believe that the growing risk of a global climate crisis at the end of the 21st century, the progressing global warming process and the need to urgently carry out a pro-environmental transformation of the global economy are becoming one of the important factors of globalization in the current 21st century. Yes, the key issue is whether this growing pro-environmental awareness of citizens will translate into appropriate decisions made by political leaders and decision makers. Unfortunately, the last UN Climate Summit COP26, which took place in the first half of November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, indicates that, unfortunately, the decisions taken and real actions in this matter are insufficient.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Where can I get global Covid19 related data publicly available for research and academic work. Specifically looking for patient data, demographics, distribution etc.
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The pandemic has definitely changed the way in which countries operate from the health sector to technological advances to the education and economic well being. However, Kiprotich Kiptum has a valid point.
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Is Global Journal of Science Frontier Research B: Chemistry , trust-able journal to publish work.
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I suppose not; Global Journals is on Beall's list of (potential) predatory journals
(https://beallslist.net/) and many Global Journals are also on the following list of predatory journals: https://archive.fo/9MAAD
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Is the role of strategic management changing in the context of current economic processes and the development of new information technologies typical of the current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0?
Strategic management is an important area of ​​management in the context of management of both individual enterprises (microeconomically) as well as domestic economic policy (macroeconomics).
In connection with the development of internationally operating corporations, strategic management acquires a new character, it becomes a part of the study of information and economic globalization processes.
In addition, strategic management can also change its charler in relation to processes such as prolonged business cycles, shortened life cycles of products, increased importance of information, technology, innovation, etc. as particularly important production factors in knowledge-based enterprises and economies in which an ever-increasing role of fully computerized advanced information processing technology, ie technologies typical of the current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is determined by the development of the following technologies of advanced information processing: Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Is the role of strategic management changing in the context of current economic processes?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Fuad Gattaz Sobrinho,
Thanks for answering the question:
Is the role of strategic management changing in the context of current economic processes in the era of Industry 4.0?
Yes, an important issue is currently the use of Industry 4.0 technology to support the strategic management process of a company, including, inter alia, take into account the Internet of Things mapping to improve the functioning of the business.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In the last decade, Western military interventions have changed. States like the UK, the U.S., and France intervene abroad “by, with and through” local and regional partners. Instead of deploying a large number of their own forces, they work with international partners to build local and regional capacity to address shared threats. Even in areas where Western states do deploy large numbers of their own troops – such as France in the Sahel – the emphasis remains on building international coalitions to work with local forces. There is an assumption that such an approach will improve the legitimacy of the intervention and, by building local capacity to address the threat more autonomously in the future, “play a role in regional and global stability.”[i] However, the success of these operations is poorly and inconsistently measures and, as such, there is little evidence on whether these engagements are actually achieving these objectives.
I have spent 6 years professionally researching these issues and have found two important and interrelated problems:
1. Current evaluation efforts are inconsistent (between departments and countries), short-term, and fail to engage with the right people (e.g. questionnaires are often directed at partner forces rather than local populations).
2. The fragmented nature of international engagement in many parts of the world means that, even where there are exceptional good national efforts, they tend to be lost in the ineffectiveness of broader international engagement.
Why do these problems remain? And, how can they be addressed?
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I agree that measurement is often driven by a qualitative need to demonstrate progress and so in many ways can act as a confirmation bias when the strategic answer given is that better trained local security forces will solve the problem – which recent events have proved to be a big assumption.
When the strategic solution and exit is linked to reform of security forces there is a strong operational imperative down the chain of command to report and demonstrate success in support of it. This is driven as much by the need to show effectiveness throughout the current rotation within the organisation as it to any external desire for success.
The internal dynamics even within a nation’s armed forces are often not considered important but experience suggest internal rivalries have a greater part to play than we might like to think. When these factors are combined with similar rivalries within the partner force it is not surprising there is a divergence of perception and reality.
As stated above a realistic strategic vision combined with a concept of what success looks like is essential but very often driven by reportable metrics rather than a realistic appraisal of how the capabilities of the trained forces match the problem set.
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Internationally funded organizations have been criticized for failing in their mandates. While such criticism has been dismissed in some quarters as politically motivated, what has been your experience as a researcher in accessing or using their services and products?
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Dear Dr. Oswell Namasasu.
Unfortunately, most of these non-profit organizations end up wearing out over time and tend to drift into the abstract and formal ... and not only!
My respects.
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As an academic or professional leader with an academic career, what is the appropriate leadership style to lead your team in the light of the global epidemic, quarantine and remote leadership?
Please it is very important to give your opinion
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Be a visionary leader
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As of Mar. 22, 2020, 13,592 deaths have been attributed to COVID-19. However, 94,175 people have recovered from the illness. This information comes from the Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases map developed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering.
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Yes, this is a very dangerous and deadly virus! It causes death!
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With confirmed cases of Kovid-19 globally 8 million and more countries going into lockdown to slow the epidemic, the emerging question is: "When will it all end?" The answer depends on a large part of the uncertainties about the novel coronavirus that causes the disease, Which includes whether you can get it more than once and how quickly the world's scientists can produce a vaccine. There are also factors such as the cost and benefits of long-term closure and what different countries can do from both economic and political perspectives
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It will most likely fade off gradually
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The development of a vaccine for COVID-19 has become a battleground for many countries to prove to the world/their own peoples that their technology is superior and better than the competitors at the international stage. it is always a point of concern when science is serving the political establishment. Russia claimed that they have developed 'the first' Covid-19 vaccine. WHO is raising concern about the validity of this claim and urging Russia to provide sufficient data to back this claim.
Is it possible for the same scenario to be repeated in the US? An election is near and COVID-19 vaccine development can influence the result.
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Please also have a look at this useful link.
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With the continuing threat of the Coronavirus and the deterioration of global economies due to quarantine, are we heading towards choosing between health or the economy?
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Health is more important
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C. Møller was wrong in his famost paper "On homogeneous gravitational fields in the general theory of relativity and the clock paradox" . see pdf.
  • C. Møller wroted: The equations (14) thus reduce to the single equation (16) with the general solution
  • (I) D = a(1+gx)2
  • However (16) is not a global solution of the equation:
  • (II) G22=G33=[D1/2 ]''/D1/2=0
  • Inserting Moller's solution (I) into Eq.(II) on Moller horizon x=-1/g, one obtains 0/0 ,i.e., uncertainty
  • but not 0!!!
  • Under this Møller mistake, Unruch calculation obviously breaks down.
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We have just started to explore Digital Platforms as Global Public Goods. I am wondering whether others have ventured into the same and if there are other works in this area.
For your reference, you can find an early paper on this here:
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Petter Nielsen Bulcsu Szekely Loretta Anania , many thanks for your insights.
Two recent developments can be noted, showing different approaches towards a similar recognition of Digital Platforms and infrastructure as goods of common interest for Society:
-the USA initiative on infrastructure, following the inaugural speech of President Biden on the need to develop infrastructure (as a public/common good)
Public role is recognised, an the common need is promoted, with consideration on the growth impact on the economy for any investment in the infrastructure [1]
-the EU interest on Data Sovereignty, which may not give answers yet, but emphasises the importance of infrastructure (and its digital aspects: digital infrastructure as such, and digital twin of physical infrastructure) [2]. Workshops are happening on the potential impact for AI linked to Data Sovereignty scenarios for the EU, and more general aspects of decision autonomy as in this activity reported by the European Parliament [3]
Ref:
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Currently, it is difficult to define this type of analytic problem. The key issue is forecasting future global problems. It is necessary to collect additional analytical data over the next years and perhaps in about 100 years in huge Big Data database systems supported by another generation of artificial intelligence, it will be possible to forecast what can happen to the planet Earth in the next 1000 years.
In view of the above, the current question is: Will I be able to precisely forecast in the 21st century what will be the future of planet Earth in the next 1000 years?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Forecasting climatic, geological, natural and other processes that may occur in the next several dozen years is burdened with a very large scope of research error. Despite the progress made in the field of predictive analytics, the impact of the development of civilization on the climate and the biosphere of the planet Earth is still large and growing. Therefore, forecasting the development of climatic, geological and natural processes that may appear in the next several hundred years may border on the proverbial "fortune-telling on tea grounds".
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Can anyone recommend the subject book in Arabic or English that is available on the net?
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GVC is an abbreviation that stands for Global Value Chains. Therefore, as a Theory that many scholars are using nowadays, I want to use it if I get appropriate methodology to follow.
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It has no standard method. It depends on your goal. Here are some options: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351103025_Internal_factors_and_their_impacts_on_countries'_performance_in_Global_Value_Chains
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Hello, I am preparing a publication about the entrepreneurship of slums dwellers. I need information, articles, data, cases etc. Of course, I already have a lot, but the global reach of the ReseearchGate can give me some tips from people who have direct experience in this research field.
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Thank you for your reply. I have managed to publish an article in relation to this question. IMHO The second part of this article, examples of entrepreneurship by slum dwellers, is quite interesting.The article is not a great scientific work, but it gives food for thought.
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The environment from local to global scales has witnessed apparent positive and negative impacts. Global lockdowns have drastically altered the patterns of energy demand and have caused an economic downturn but at the same time, have provided an upside-cleaner global environment. Irrespective of the obvious decline in CO2 emission and air pollution owing to the lockdowns which although temporarily, but may contribute to mitigating climate change, many parallels indeed do exist between the challenges in fighting this global climate change and pandemic.
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Global supply and demand chain of finance and capital got severely disrupted due to the widespread attack of novel corona virus. can we consider that the global economy is heading towards a 'liquidity trap' situation? During this lockdown situation of almost all the countries of the world, would the global services and finance trade will fill the vacuum of world merchandise trade?
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Dear Shaijumon C S,
When the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic appeared in March 2020, the situation on the financial markets changed significantly, there was a panic sale of shares on stock exchanges, and investment risk increased significantly. In terms of international financial markets, as in previous economic and financial crises, speculative capital was withdrawn from the emerging markets of smaller economies. Banks and investment funds operating internationally were changing the structure of their investment portfolios in foreign financial markets. In addition, international delivery logistics has changed. The changes mainly concerned shortening international supply logistics chains and increasing the scale of domestic production of components and semi-finished products necessary for the implementation of the production processes of final products. In this way, the scale of international capital flows has decreased.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In many countries formal rules have been adopted or guidelines have been included in key national legal regulations according to which public debt in the amount of 50%. Gross Domestic Product is interpreted as not generating high risk of domestic debt.
However, in some countries, the public debt in relation to Gross Domestic Product for many years has been at a level well above 100%.
Among these countries are developing countries but also large, rich developed countries.
On the other hand, if such countries are increasingly global, systemic credit risk may grow and if another global financial crisis similar to the one in 2008 could emerge in the future, it could turn into a serious global debt crisis.
In view of the above, let me ask you: Do you think that public debt is 50% to the Gross Domestic Product generates high or low risk of indebtedness of the country?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Before COVID-19 crisis 50 % of debt to Gross Domestic Product was a high public debt for any country, but nowadays, during coronavirus crisis, and I think, for some time after it, 50 % of country's debt is rather low.
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if |psi> is a quantum state vector, we know that exp(ia)* |psi> is also a quantum state of the system, where exp(ia) is the global phase factor, and they are indistinguishable w.r.t the expectation value of any system observable or density matrix representation of the state.
my question is there any new developments in QM formalism that distinguishes |psi> and exp(ia)* |psi> ?
Also, is there any significance of the matrices of the form exp(ia)* |psi> <psi| in modern QM formalism studies?
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Thank you Prof. Contreras for your reply.
Regards
D.Ghosh
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COVID-19 exposed many divisions among countries and prevented the formation of a united front to combat this pandemic. Even the very closely networked blocs such as ASEAN and EU failed to coordinate their efforts to combat COVID-19 because of national interest. Undermining the world organizations such as WHO, ICOJ, and the United nation various agencies are not painting a very good picture of what to come in the future. Can globalization survive?
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Due to the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, a lot will change in terms of economic globalization. International, intermodal logistics chains of supply and distribution are shortened.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Can global supply chains be highly resilient against this global virus?
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I have discussed supply chain resilience in the face of COVID in my latest publication:
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The health crisis that the world is going through these days affected jobs and businesses, closed companies and airports, and stopped most aspects of life in most countries of the world, God willing, this crisis will be evacuated, but how will the global economy, stagnation or inflation, or will we turn into an economic shock ??
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Dr. Nidhal Al-Maliki: This disaster of coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) influenced the national (macro) economic status of some countries and also increases the poverty level.
The important thing is how the world is looking for this disaster. The vaccines, especially for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), are one of the "big business". They are looking for this crisis as a way of money production. Hence, the gap between rich and poor has increased dramatically.
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Dear Colleagues,
Greetings,
What is the your information about Publons Ranking of Universities?Is it important for universities? Does it global ranking refers to scientific sobriety?
Thanks
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Publons is important to track your publications, citation metrics, peer reviews, and journal editing work in a single, easy-to-maintain profile. So, it is necessary to know about the ranking of universities and the activities.
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It is common knowledge that architecture plays an essential role in defining the cityscape and its cultural identity.
In the face of rising cases of global tourism, violent crime and conflict, can architecture be used as a tool for promoting global peace and how?
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I have found no clear answers to this question. There is an underlying problem to it: in the global warming scenario it is necessary to stabilize the population growth. If such phenomenon happens will economic growth —understood as the perpetual increase of the GDP— stabilize as well? Is perpetual economic growth a utopia?
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Dear Alejandro Sanchez-Aizcorbe,
In my opinion, global economic growth without population growth is unlikely, but it may be possible to a very limited extent. Global economic growth without population growth is possible only to a very limited extent, in a relatively short period of time, in the phase of economic development before achieving a high level of sustainability (in terms of sustainable economic development, circular economy) and thanks to the use of advanced technology involved in production and provide services.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hi I'm interested in to know where find records of Aedes sp. and Anopheles sp. I visited GBIF repository but I want to know other sources of data
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of globalization?
In developed countries, knowledge-based economies are characterized by the development of information services, and production processes are increasingly determined by the quality of such factors as information, technology, innovations, patents, etc. In addition, analogous standards of telecommunications, transaction, market, financial systems, etc. operate in different countries. Globalization is therefore still progressing.
In connection with the above, the communication, transactional and information aspects of globalization are characterized by a positive meaning. It is referred to as "the Earth as a" global village. "Through more and more modern communication, the global circulation of information is carried out in real time via Internet teleinformation systems.
But not all aspects of globalization have positive aspects.
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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nuclear and chemical weapons
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Economic globalization?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Economic globalization.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of globalization of financial and banking systems are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz thanks a lot for the suggested literature to discuss this topic. I would like to contribute considering that from the economic perspective, the integration of green programs into recovery plans could better rebuild the way industries operate, specially, after the COVID-19 pandemic, adopting innovative methods as the case of the so-called doughnut. It comprises an economic model that envisions a world in which people and planet can thrive in the balance based on the SDGs, as stated by its author Kate Raworth: ―As we all start thinking about how we will emerge from this crisis, let us seek to be holistic in how we reimagine and recreate the local-to-global futures of the places we live". Kind regards, Ernani
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Dear colleagues, Globally over 1.2 billion children are out of school due to COVID-19 (World Economic Forum). COVID-19 has dramatically changed the face of education worldwide. This change in the face of education is sine quo non. However, do we precisely know what teachers need to make remote schooling/online learning work? Are teachers equipped with the whole arsenal of technologies required to unleash students' full potential? Are teachers confident in using technologies to teach?
I would like to know how you were able to address these issues as teachers. Additionally, as teacher educators, how would you like to tailor curricula to accommodate the needs of pre/in-service teachers to effectively integrate technologies in their practice.
Please share your thoughts and practices with me
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Here in Kingdom of Bahrain, where I live, at the beginning of the crisis, a shift was made to digital instructional platforms such as Ms.Teams. However, this was preceded by many training courses for both teachers and students on how to use Ms.Teams platform. After a while, the moodle was used as LMS after upgrading it to be integrated with Ms.Teams to deliver live sessions. Now, we are using a blended learning approach. In practical courses, students are divided into small groups to attend on campus. As for theoretical classes, we still are using moodle.
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Dear Colleagues,
I have a project to prepare a Global Halal Tourism Tourist Profile Barometer for a while now. The global halal tourism industry needs detailed information about the halal tourism demand. I think we must control the characteristics of halal tourism demand every year. A few years later we can prepare trends and make predictions about the evolution of halal tourism demand. Because of this reason, this project must be a barometer that produce information about the demand side of halal tourism market annualy.
In fact, two of my colleagues and I prepared a pilot study in Antalya / TURKEY destination. You can reach this report from my RG page.
To prepare a GHTTPB I have to overcome these two problems;
1. A data collection network (Volunteer co-researchers)
2. Financial funding (Sponsorships or project funding systems)
For data collection network: I need volunteer co-researchers from different countries which are popular for the Muslim travellers (especially from Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Morocco, Russia, Spain, France, Thailand, Singapore, Italy, Greece). My colleagues and I have developed and tested a tourist profile questionnaire. We can use this instrument for this study too or we can improve it all together. The volunteer co-researchers should conduct this study in their country. We must collect 500 questionnaires from every countries. All co-researcher will be presented as co-writers of the GHTTPB.
For financial funding: We need a fund to conduct this research. I think maybe we can find sponsorhips from some companies that are care halal tourism. And maybe we can find a project funding system. I am not sure and I have not found a way out so far.
Is there anybody who wants to be a part of this project? Please contact with me.
Can you offer me a solution to find a financial funding?
Best regards.
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Thank you very much Ömer Akgün Tekin
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  • The COVID-19 pandemic has brought the world into a standstill mode. To contain the transmission of the virus, many countries across the world have implemented “lock-down” policy. However, with this lock-down, people’s lives have shut down inside their homes. This has changed people’s normal life routine and is likely to affect their mental health too. With a sudden transition from a fast-moving world to a complete stationary world with uncertainties around, COVID 19 is believed to have a long-lasting impact on people and societies. Thus, this survey is being conducted to assess the mental health status of people during this global COVID-19 pandemic. The result will help us in getting the data on mental health issues, especially those in early stages and is believed to help policy makers in designing strategies to mitigate the problem. Please be assured that the information provided by you will be used only for the study purpose and proper confidentiality of the data will be mentioned. This online survey consists of 37 questions and should not take more than 10 minutes. If you have any feedback, please feel free to mention it at the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your participation
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Arjun Suresh , this is very important research to help understand the effects of a pandemic like this, and its consequences for the life, work and health of the population. Congratulations and success with the research. I just answered the questionnaire.
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From an empirical, scientific perspective, which approach, love or fear, will lead to higher productivity?
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To be loved by friends feared by enemies
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Hey everyone!
Where can I find future projections of global climate, preferably decadal average forecasts (means to yr 2030, 2040, ..., 2100) in a WorldClim-like format (bioclimatic predictions for different climate models).
Many thanks,
Lilian
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Decadal bioclimatic variables may also be prone to the uncertainty related to the selection of the specific month/quarter (e.g. wettest quarter). This paper might be relevant for you:
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Hello to the scientific community,
Between the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) of the world health organization and the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) which is the most suitable and best recommended questionnaire to assess the level of physical activity?
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Dear Researcher,
Good day.
First at all, in academic research's world is actually no such how appropriate is one instrument been used to measure to all type of study but it is regarding or according to one's study designated Research Questions or "Gap" that would like to fill up ok?
Secondly, researcher may need to read thru both instruments thoroughly and make decision that still fall back to your study's intention or objectives concerned. TQ.
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Could you know what are Historical diseases / pandemics in the past reflected on Global economy and Financial markets in the past?
like Spanish influenza that spread in 1918 and reached peak in 1920 impacted on the global economy?
There were another pandemics in the past had significant impact on the global economy and/or financial markets ?
There were many and many pandemics (e.g., Ebola, SARS 2003, H1N1, .... etc)
So, which one or more of them have significant impact on Economy / financial market even globally or in specific countries (i.e., SARS 2003 impacted on China's Economy)
Kindly, Let's share and discuss
Thanks in advance
Ahmed
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The Spanish flu has a detrimental impact on the economy. Swine flu, although considered an epidemic instead of a pandemic, has an adverse effect on USA economy. Basically pandemics and epidemics resulted in deaths and unemployment which led to a reduction in consumer spending and thus an imminent decline in economics performance.
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What may be some of the techniques or methods that can be employed globally to check the spread of CORONA VIRUS at higher speed?
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Your immune system is your body's defense system. When a harmful invader — like a cold or flu virus, or the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 — gets into your body, your immune system mounts an attack. Known as an immune response, this attack is a sequence of events that involves various cells and unfolds over time.
Following general health guidelines is the best step you can take toward keeping your immune system strong and healthy. Every part of your body, including your immune system, functions better when protected from environmental assaults and bolstered by healthy-living strategies such as these:
Don't smoke or vape.
Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Take a multivitamin if you suspect that you may not be getting all the nutrients you need through your diet.
Exercise regularly.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Control your stress level.
Control your blood pressure.
If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation (no more than one to two drinks a day for men, no more than one a day for women).
Get enough sleep.
Take steps to avoid infection, such as washing your hands frequently and trying not to touch your hands to your face, since harmful germs can enter through your eyes, nose, and mouth.
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Sustainable farming practices appears into different names confusing the global audience which to follow and why?
What makes conservation agriculture as different approach than regenerative farming practices?
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You can consult the meta-analysis studies. Important information can be found in Reiss ER, Drinkwater LE. doi: 10.1002 / eap.1629.
You can also consult Knapp, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A. A global meta-analysis of yield stability in organic and conservation agriculture. Nat Commun 9, 3632 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05956-1.
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What is the relationship between the Corona pandemic, the decline in global oil prices, and the collapse of the global economy?
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The present global challenges are safe drinking water for all, proper health care for all, food for all, residence for all, education for all, energy and oil, climate change, terrorism, wars, environmental pollutions and finally the presentCOVID-19 pandemic. You may add a few to the list. My question is, "Can religion help us to fight these challenges?" If your answer is Yes, please explain.
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Thanks M. A. Azadi for your excellent insight. You have made exceptional comments.
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This question is in regard to the publication:
Downing, S.D., Socie, D.F. (1982). Simple rainflow counting algorithms. International Journal of Fatigue, Volume 4, Issue 1, January, 31-4.
It contains two simple, yet ingenious algorithms for rainflow fatigue counting.
Therein “algorithm 1” relies on first cutting the data, by chopping the data at the global maximum (or global minimum) then moving the extremes data from the left side of the chop as a block to the other side of the data on the right side of the chop, including the global maximum (or global minimum) in both data subsets.
In the example provided in Fig. 2 of the referenced paper, the first extreme is a maximum and the last a minimum. This means that after cutting the local minimum at the end of the original data set is followed by the local maximum at the beginning of the original set. Further the former is smaller than the latter. Thus for the example it is all as it should be. But what if the above two conditions are not satisfied?
Has the suitability of the algorithm been confirmed for such cases as well?
Should one perform the rainflow counting only on data sets that satisfy the two conditions. I.e. that either the first extreme is a local maximum and the last a local minimum and the first is larger than the last, or that the first extreme is a local minimum and the last a local maximum and the first is smaller than then last.
Although this question is asked for “Algorithm 1” it really also applies to “Algorithm 2” since, in essence that also cuts the data, though most of the extremes for the points before the cut are accounted for (and eliminated) before the processing of the extremes after the cut starts.
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Gabriel:
Thank you for your answer. Our application is Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV), which are not exactly a “repeating process” but rather more like a stationary, ergodic random process, though looking over short periods of time the “stationary” property could be debatable. Nevertheless we hope to have sampled it for long enough in the VIV tests to get a representative average fatigue damage rate.
I suppose this falls into your category where the artificial closure technique is “not correct” but can still be expected to give a reasonable approximation in most cases?
Indeed, apart from the closure issue, for such a process the long term average fatigue damage rate would only converge in the limit as the sample becomes very long.
I guess an issue may still be whether removing some data at the start or end of the sample before rearranging the data so that they start and end at the global maximum or minimum might reduce or limit the residue error.
Ralf
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Hi everyone,
I'm currently using the Brain Connectivity Toolbox to run a graph theoretical analysis of resting-state EEG data. I'm confused. Is it possible to get a short average characteristic path length and a low global efficiency in one group and a long average characteristic path length and high global efficiency in the other group? To my knowledge, characteristic path length and global efficiency are inversely related. Thus, a short average characteristic path length should be linked to a high global efficiency, right? Can anyone help?
Thanks!
Yolanda
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Do you know of any study of global prevalence of metabolic syndrome?
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Hello
My research dissertation is on metabolic syndrome with 15,000 workers in a steel industry. If your research topic is Metabolic Syndrome, I'll be happy to work with you.
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Pandemic & financial crisis : global re-start of ecomomic?
Who benefits from a mortality rate of +4% and a decline in industrial indices of 15%
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The crisis is everywhere and it's going down day by day.....
Sweden unemployment at 22-year high
The unemployment rate in Sweden has risen to its highest level in more than two decades, the country's statistics agency has said.
The seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate among 16 to 64-year-olds reached 9.4% in June, up from 8.6% the previous month.
The figure is the highest since the late 1990s, when a severe economic crisis led to an all-time high of 11.7%.
The rate among young people is even higher, with 28% of 16-24 year olds out of work - a rise of more than 7% since January.
South Korea in recession as exports at 57-year low
In another indication of how hard the coronavirus pandemic is hitting Asia’s economies, South Korea has fallen into recession.
Gross domestic product contracted in the second quarter by a worse-than-expected 2.9% in year-on-year terms, the steepest decline since 1998.
Exports, which account for nearly 40% of the economy, were the biggest drag as they fell by the most since 1963.
But the country’s finance minister remains optimistic that the economy will recover swiftly.
23 July, BBC
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Dear Colleagues,
I am looking for papers, books and other stuff that can help me understand pop culture on a global scale.
Many thanks in advance for your suggestions
Best
Vincenzo
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I will go with Mr Victor
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By all accounts it should take several months to bring the COVID-19 pandemic under control. The "end of globalization" has already been foretold, just check out Amazon for a list of books. Still, some speak of "post-globalization" and others (myself incl.) speak of localization and/or glocalization. We witness aggressive state intervention, closing of borders, physical movement restriction, "social distancing", the collapse of the travel industry, and several other geopolitical changes are certain to happen as a partial result of the pandemic. Contrary to suggestions that more cooperation is the proper response, there is a strong impetus toward the opposite direction, with countries often placing their own national interest over other considerations. What do you think?
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I agree with Bhanu Pratap Singh sir
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It seems grossly unfair that cities of the Global North continue extravagant consumption of resources, while claiming to be ‘carbon neutral’, when many in the South lack the basics of life. Can responsibilities for reducing resource consumption and carbon be allocated and shared more equitably?
Prof Walter Stahel wrote in 2008: “The present Global Climate Change discussion is limited to reducing CO2 emissions from burning of fossil fuels. This approach neglects the fact that reducing resource consumption always reduces CO2 emissions”, adding that the key issue at stake was unbalanced consumption on a global level, “an issue of global ethics.” In this regard, the International Resource Panel (2014) promoted “equal access to and/or attribution of resource consumption on a per capita basis", recognising that countries within the Global South should achieve a rising share of global resources while those of the North should dramatically lower their absolute levels of consumption. The Factor 10 Club, founded in 1994, argued that the South should be able to double its resource use within 50 years, while the North should reduce consumption by Factor 10 (around 90%) – described by the WWF as ‘shrink and share’.
The UN Clean Development Mechanism provides a means of cooperation between countries to reduce emissions, whereby developed countries may offset their emissions by undertaking carbon abatement projects and programs in the developing world. At COP 25, means of extending this scheme were proposed, including voluntary cooperation between countries of the North and South and private sector involvement. Such activities must drive sustainable development, benefit local communities in an inclusive way, and reduce emissions. However, present accounting of emissions is narrowly focused on operating and territorial carbon, enabling cities of the North to claim they are ‘carbon-neutral’ – because they have outsourced production (including emissions and resource consumption) to the South. Accounting for such ‘consumption-based emissions’, estimated to be 60% greater than under the present system (C40 Cities 2018), would enable responsibility to be sheeted home to the final consumers, of whom 80% reside in the developed world.
So I should be grateful for your comments on the following questions:
a) Looking to COP 26, could both shrinking and sharing of resources and emissions be incorporated in extended CDM cooperation between North and South?
b) Could such a scheme be supported by accounting of consumption-based emissions?
I endeavoured to ‘set the ball rolling’ in my recent article. Thank you!
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This is a key question that many Degrowth and post-development thinkers from the Global North and South alike have sought to answer. Overall, it will require more than simply redesigning production, consumption or accounting models within current climate agreements and systemic structures. Indeed, solving this issue necessitates a paradigm shift and a lifestyle transformation towards "frugally abundant" and convivial forms of life. This entails moving beyond capitalism and building an entirely new system based on solidarity, care and harmony with the earth. Degrowth and post-development thinkers have been asking theses questions since the 1970s and have sought inspiration from a plurality of alternative visions from the Global North and South alike such as Buen Vivir, Ubuntu, Gandhian Economics, Ecological Swaraj etc. I highly recommend the two following books, which bring invaluable insights towards answering your question:
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I have a hypothesis that (audio)visual media like movies, videos and memes are more globalized than music, literature or jokes. Of course, this is difficult to measure - so I will appreciate even studies loosely related.
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There are several studies about globalization of anime and manga such as:
I think those publication can give some depiction about what should be measured in globalization of (audio)visual media. It can be how many movie subbed in native languange, the number of fans or fandom community, etc.
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The standard model of cosmology is assumes an arbitrary number of antigravity energy infusions in order to counteract an arbitrarily-assumed global gravitational contraction force. What alternative theories are being examined.
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“…The standard model of cosmology is assumes an arbitrary number of antigravity energy infusions in order to counteract an arbitrarily-assumed global gravitational contraction force. What alternative theories are being examined.……”
- yeah, that is indeed so in standard cosmological model, where so called, and really transcendent, “dark energy” purely ad hoc, and without any grounds in physics, is introduced.
Moreover, in some “solutions” of the “space expansions” problem even some “repulsive gravity” is considered quite legitimately in official physics, what is simply physically unbelievable. More see the SS comment to corresponding paper in
Now seems as only one scientifically grounded model of Matter’s Beginning and evolution exists, see https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342600304_The_informational_physical_model_some_fundamental_problems_in_physics DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12325.734 ;
- at least the Sec. “Cosmology”. However to understand what is in this Sec. it is necessary to read whole paper.
Cheers
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The question is simply intended to understand and explore on the nature of global economy, whether it is based on relationship of independence, dependence or interdependence .
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Global, political and economy are three themes of the question. The producer may produce any product. If the raw materials/technology are available in its country then no question of import. If the producer enjoys monopoly then it can sell independently with unlimited profit. If the producer has to import then it suffers from dependence. If the supplier of raw materials ask for contract then it is the example of interdependence. In fact rich nation can impose and withdraw conditions as per its sweet will.
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Pandemic is causing "unprecedented decline in global activity," according to the IMF
Some key forecasts:
China, which got a head start on the recovery, is expected to log growth of 1%, in part due to policy support from the government. India's economy, meanwhile, is forecast to shrink 4.5% following a longer lockdown and slower-than-expected recovery.
The US economy is expected to shrink by 8%, while output across the 19 countries that use the euro could decline by 10.2%.
Countries in Latin America that are still struggling to contain the virus will also be hard hit. Brazil's economy is expected to contract by 9.1%, while output in Mexico could decline by 10.5%.
The outlook is slightly rosier than those provided by the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which have recently forecast that global GDP would shrink by 5.2% and 6%, respectively, before rebounding in 2021.
But the IMF warned of a "higher-than-usual degree of uncertainty" around its forecast, which it said was based on a number of assumptions, including stable financial conditions.
Source: June 25, CNN
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I totally agree with the statement, 'Global economy is just collapsed by a hidden tsunami of COVID-19 '. Yes, it is but the only saving point is how quickly we are overcoming with it. For that, I agree with Atil Assia that with precautionary measures everybody starts working towards their work and not let the Covid destroy us. Though this pandemic have taken many lives that do not mean we should stop working. We need to open our commercial premises in a systematic way and think of alternative measures to revive the economy. For country like Brazil and India, it is a huge setback but there are opportunities too in post covid scenario where hatred towards China started and many US and European companies would like to shift their base to other countries.
Moreover, I like the discussion above between Atil Assia and you ( Muhammed Ashraful Alam ).
Thank you
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I start working on research about international air transportation and the spread of COVID-19, and I need urgently the network of global Airlines.
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Thanks all, I got it from https://openflights.org/data.html
and I created a database of Air transport.
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How would economies and various markets (stocks, commodities, derivatives, etc.) respond to these sustained shocks in the coming days? Just as the easing of restrictions in several countries due to the Covid-19 related shocks, serious civil unrest is brewing in various countries. Considering the globalization and integration of markets worldwide, how would different economies and markets respond to these stressors in order to overcome the anticipated recession. Is some markets immune to these pressures? How would developed, emerging and developing economies respond to these shocks? Which markets will be seriously affected? Which sector of the economy will be affected the most. Which industries would be affected the most.
Your response is needed.
Thanks in advance.
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...countries with more service-oriented economies will be more affected, and have more jobs at risk … Fernandes, N. (2020). Economic effects of coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) on the world economy. Available at SSRN 3557504.
... Russia imposed strict lockdown measures similar to many countries, resulting in sharp reductions in demand and production. The collapse of oil prices and Russia's commitments to cutting back its oil production cause further economic damage. ... Simola, H. (2020). Russian economy hit by COVID-19 and oil market turmoil.
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There has been Global Lock Down but even then mostly it has seen that number of cases and deaths mostly found as to increasing. What could be the reasons steadiness of COVID-19 morbidity /mortality.
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Thank you Prof. Sanchez-Duque, Aljarallah and Kapooria
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How can a beginner researcher start publishing in SCI/Scopus indexed journals or likes of Elsevier, Springer, IEEE, Inderscience, IGI Global, T&F???
Is there any links or network required for that or purely on the basis of quality of research work it can be achieved?
Inputs are welcome.
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Initially the paper is submit to good journal. The reviewers Will give feedback. If paper is rejected..Don't worry about it. Try to address all reviewer Comments properly. Then u can able to rewrite the article and then submit to another journal with similar scope.
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Consider the following voluntary scheme. There would be some eligibility requirements that would be consistent with the principles of health promotion. Only certain target groups would qualify.
You sign up and for walking 10,000 steps per day, you get a certain amount of money deposited directly to your cell phone. In principle, and in theory, what is wrong with this? In practice, people could cheat and so on but with the development of new technologies, it would be much more difficult to cheat so this disadvantage can be minimized. The funds for this scheme could come from a public-private partnership.
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Joseph Tham this is a great question and I applaud your efforts to plumb the ethical dimensions. I wonder if the responses would be equally well-received if it was inverted asking pretty much the same thing. " Would it be ethically acceptable to decline monetary incentives to those not reporting sanctioned health behaviors, such as daily walks?
Interesting as this scheme sounds similar to other health care and insurance company incentives. If I go for yearly check-ups, wellness visits etc., I receive a $500 dollar reduction on my health care premiums. Of course, I engage in this behavior because of the "incentive". But it could be equally be seen as punitive if I don't engage in these behaviors. It is designed so that my behaviors are not private. Sanctioned behavior becomes one of the public (or at least medical) records to be used in whatever fashion is deemed appropriate by whoever has access.
There are many ways these could be decoupled. They could have other parties that monitor the behavior and provide the incentive from stakeholders without telling the stakeholders who is receiving the benefit. Separating the validation from the medical and insurance records would encourage behavior while preserving privacy. But I suspect this, like so many other things, is not about promoting positive behavior as it is about mitigating risk and the affiliated cost of private information. So, while it is a blunt tool, it may be the best one available to all involved.
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Sociological and psychological factors are ignored when examining events and situations in International Relations. Do you think that sociological and psychological factors should be taken into consideration when examining the events and situations of international relations? If so, at what level should be considered; Heads of state, at the individual level, at the social level? at the state level? or comparative between states? Your answers will be invaluable. Thank you.
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I work in the area of International Relations and understand that they can only be studied from an interdisciplinary approach. Sociology is very necessary since Foreign Policy has a deep relationship with the socio-economic-cultural realities of countries and, therefore, with Internal Policy. As for psychology, I have less knowledge, but I understand that there are important dialogues to be made, not only in decision-making but also in the identity factors involved.
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From the lens of global political environment, National Interest is influenced by intersecting interests that are crossing to each other.
Please I need explanation for this statement with an example.
Thank you
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National interest like any other concept in social science, lack a general defined. The regime or system of government in operation speak volume on who and who may contribute in determining national interest. Under rigid and dictator leader, national interest may be more like a reflection of the leader. Is also very import to point that national interest is influenced by international (or external factor) and national (or internal factors). Please find attached article that may be of help.
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I am designing an integrated Global Resilient Recovery (GRR) system for academic researchers, health workers, government and policy makers, to tackle the COVID-19 challenges and against future global environmental risks.
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The Covid-19 has already claimed tens of thousands of lives and placed entire countries in containment. It triggered the most disastrous economic crisis since the Second World War. In this unprecedented context, it is imperative to overcome the crises associated with covid-19 and to build a sustainable and resilient world.
Locally, the crisis has forced us to see and experience the city differently. Although it is too early to learn lessons, the current situation raises questions and raises reflections on the resilience of our living environments.
Our cities are complex systems, both socially, economically and ecologically. Each component of these large systems offers "different options for dealing with change and for dealing with uncertainty and the element of surprise."
The resilience of a city, that is, its ability to absorb shocks and recover from disturbances, depends on multiple parameters such as the diversity of its components, the redundancy of functions and connectivity. It also greatly depends on the knowledge of its actors, the circulation and mobilization of knowledge, the place given to the multiplicity of actors in social dialogue, and the governance mechanisms put in place. As such, decentralized governance that promotes and supports the interaction of a diversity of voices is a recognized vector of collective action that is particularly supportive of hope and resilience.
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In 2011 total global coal production was 7678 Metric Ton whereas in 2010 it was 7201 Metric Ton1. Total world coal production increasing by 6.6% over 2010. The average annual growth rate of coal since 1999 was 4.4%.
As per the statistics of 2011, Table 2.1 shows the top five coal producer in the world
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TOP 10 countries for coal mining:
1 place-China. According to the results of 2017, 3,523. 2 million tons were produced there. This country has been the largest coal-producing country in the world for almost thirty years. The country ranks 3rd in terms of reserves - 114.5 billion tons. The main developments are carried out by the mine method in the Shanxi basin.
2nd place-India. According to the results of 2017, 716 million tons were produced there. In addition, India also ranks 3rd in terms of coal consumption in the world. 68% of the country's electricity is generated from coal-fired power stations. There are more than 70 coal deposits of industrial significance in the country. They are concentrated in the North-East of the Republic and are confined to the valleys of large rivers. The main thing is Deadski pool.
3rd place-USA. According to the results of 2017, 702.3 million tons were produced there. In addition to being the second largest producer of coal, this country is also in second place in terms of its consumption. Almost 37% of the country's electricity is generated from coal-fired power plants. As it is, the us reserves are approximately 237 billion tons. On the territory of the country are located the Illinois (365 billion tons – 5th place in the world) and Appalachian (284 billion tons-7th place in the world) coal pools.
4th place-Australia. According to the results of 2017, 481.3 million tons were produced there. By the way, it exports about 90% of its coal. Coal reserves in Australia are estimated at 76.4 billion tons. The continent recorded the highest figures for the amount of coal produced per capita – 20.61 tons per year. The oldest mines have been operating since the beginning of the XIX century in Newcastle.
5th place-Indonesia. According to the results of 2017, 461 million tons were produced there. Coal accounts for 44% of Indonesia's electricity. Coal reserves in the country are 5.5 billion tons. Deposits of coal raw materials are concentrated on FR. Sumatra (60%). There are also deposits in Kalimantan, Java and Sulawesi.
6th place-Russia. According to the results of 2017, 408.9 million tons were produced there. The most significant coal fractions are confined to the permafrost zone, so they are not suitable for development. The global giants Tunguska (1st place in the world – 2,299 trillion tons) and Lensky (2nd place in the world – 1,647 trillion tons) basins remain not fully studied. At the current level of production (314 million tons per year) Russia is provided with coal raw materials for about 500 years.
7th place-South Africa. According to the results of 2017, 252.3 million tons were produced there. Coal accounts for almost 90% of South Africa's electricity. Coal seams are found throughout South Africa. Some of the basins are located in the border zones with Zambia and Zimbabwe.
8th place-Germany. At the end of 2017, it produced 175.1 million tons.
9th place-Kazakhstan. At the end of 2017, it produced 111.1 million tons. According to estimates, the country's coal reserves are about 33.6 billion tons. There are more than 400 coal mines in Kazakhstan.
10th place-Ukraine. It has the most unstable situation due to the difficult military-political and socio-economic situation in the country. The Donetsk basin (10th in the world), with a reserve of 141 billion tons of coal, was divided into parts between Ukraine, the DPR, the LPR, and the Russian Federation. Its development was carried out from the XIX century. Almost 1/3 of the mines have passed the 100-year mark. Gradually, the country turns from a powerful coal exporter to an importer.
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It is a very common belief. It is not clear HOW and WHY people acquire this unjustified belief. As a tentative scientific discipline, it is probably better than astrology but hardly compares to theoretical physics.
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Economics is a study of human behavior, which involves values and social interaction. There are certain aspects like optimization that can be classified as science in terms of setting the objective function and constraints. Other than this, social goals and priority in ranking are very much socially determined.
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Since the end of 2019, until now, we know that the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the global economy is being intense and enormous. In the global aspect, there is no distinction of continent, country or even place.
In the scenario of the manufacturing industry, especially industries related to sector 4, the risk assessment studies related to the pandemic COVID-19, what should be the main considerations that the organization should take into account more urgently or promptly?
1- Among the different types of risk of transmission: by contact, type of transport, environmental transmission, use of common products / equipment (toilets, restaurants, canteens, sinks / water filters) etc ... are there other factors that can be investigated?
2- Is there a difference in the level of risk of transmission for a particular professional activity, with greater / lesser exposure?
3- For a population with a greater or lesser number?
4- For population with specific type / gender / class?
5- For the population aged 15-50 years old?
My project is about risk assessment, and with the pandemic, I felt a little lost, I want to count on the help of you colleagues. Thank you very much.
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz and MK Loganathan,
I am very grateful for your answers as they are very enlightening and substantial for my research. I am extremely grateful to both of them and rest assured that I will mention their contributions at work. Regards
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We see an increasing amount of press articles on the negative effects of global supply chains That may be true, but does COVID19 mean the breakthrough for local or regional supply chains?
Your suggestions and answers are very welcome.
BR Anne Staal
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With the intensification of globalization, global supply chains have become much more interconnected. In addition, as emerging market economies have come to represent an increasing share of global GDP, goods often have to go through several stages before reaching the final consumer. From national closings to the borders closure and airspace, COVID-19 has caused an unprecedented disruption in the mechanics of most economies, regardless of their size or stage of development. COVID-19 has therefore put great pressure on global supply chains, including essential links related to food and medicines.
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Many companies are struggling with their existing business continuity plans because they are not effective in managing the rapidly changing and unknown variables of an outbreak like COVID-19. Then again how many businesses could have anticipated a global pandemic of this magnitude. There are many approaches being used in continuity plans and the contents of the plans depend largely on the industry the business is operating within and the impact of COVID-19 on the business. It’s a good idea to use an incident management approach however what has been working for me with my clients has been using scenario-based plans because you can make them specific to COVID-19 as well as to specific areas of the business. The other key thing is developing a flexible communication plan that speaks to all stakeholders with the focus on factual information that gives the real picture in as far as possible.
One of the biggest challenges is meeting government priorities and at the same time trying to meet the obligations of the business and mitigate the risk of business disruptions. The approach I have been using is focused on what I can help my clients to control and anticipate extraneous variables and respond to them if and as they happen
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Due to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (pandemic Covid-19 disease) pandemic, many companies have been forced to postpone their development and investment plans. Once the pandemic is over, business entities will be able to resume their business plans. A lot of data indicates that since the beginning of May 2020 in some countries the pandemic has started to decline in the direction of extinction. Therefore, soon most business entities will be able to resume their business plans.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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