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International Relations - Science topic

Group devoted to the social science discipline of International Relations
Questions related to International Relations
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Greetings,
Given the enormous diversity and versality of areas that International Relations can encompass, ranging from International Law to Political Economy, what is the current state of traditional theory in the field?
In other words, are departments and scholars worldwide still inclined upon broad theoretical questions related to basic schools such as neorealism, neoclassical realism, and power transition theory? Or has the field moved on to more narrowed down models and the status for those who are still oriented towards big theoretical question is not favorable?
If there is any literature or article available with quantitative data regarding the latest growing trends of research typology in International Relations, it would be a welcomed read.
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Realism or political realism has been the dominant theory of international relations since the conception of the discipline. The theory claims to rely upon an ancient tradition of thought which includes writers such as Thucydides, Machiavelli, and Hobbes. Although they have come under great challenge from other theories, they remain central to the discipline. At its height, liberalism in IR was referred to as a 'utopian' theory and is still recognised as such to some degree today. However, there is a need to identify and measure the change in international relations and institutions. There are numerous examples of recent institutional change, transformation, and obsolescence.
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Non-native English teachers are often regarded as not as competent as native teachers especially when considering their accent, pronunciation and English language abilities : what do you think about this issue ?
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There are a number of books and articles on this particular issue. I would recommend the following as one of the pioneering works: NON-NATIVE EDUCATORS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING. George Braine (Ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 1999.
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I am looking for a co-author and I wondering if you may be interested. The article was accepted in September 2021 for publication after peer review, but I don't have too much time to complete the process. Title of the Manuscript: Russia, Armed Groups and the Central African conflict African Journal of Political Science and International Relations Manuscript Number AJPSIR/10.09.21/1368 Current Status: First Revision Reminder
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I saw your question, if not too late, I would gladly participate. In addition, I could contribute to the content of the article.
Regards, Sergey
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What are your suggestions, guidelines and points which be cared to write a research paper or article?
What is impact factor?
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write nice story and submit to the nice journal with high impact factor
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What is required for a social scientist to be considered a political scientist?
BSc/BA in Political Science w/ PhD in Political Science? Or only the PhD in Political Science is enough?
Can PhDs in International Relations be considered political scientists?
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Very interesting question. IR is different of Political Science. The object of IR is international relations. IR studies practice of international relations. the main object of IR is the "power" in french "puissance" what power? Power of States, the father of power in IR is Hans Morghentau. Also, IR is the unique science created for talking about international issues after lacking of several disciplines to explain exactly the causal of War ( World War I and II). But PS is domestic Science that talks about power betwen several actors in a State. the french name is "pouvoir". all of them are complementary. You can know well IR if you don't know well PS of each State that you want talk.
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i want to know the what are the methods can i use for my data collection? who are the experts in that field? is that related to International Relations.
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This is a question you need to discuss in detail with your supervisor!
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Analysing the repertoire of power impact of primarily economic and political instruments preferred by postcolonial leading actors, a banal idea comes that the economic dominance of individual countries and macro-regions becomes crucial because of creating the prerequisites for redistributive gains or competitive advantages. These advantages can be called "leadership rent". This concept borrowed from the political economy literature demonstrates that the group of developed countries predetermines the nature and pace of development of the world economy and acts as a natural "centre of gravitation" to emerging economies.
These centres of gravitation often use personalised relations between the dominant and the dependent; and, it is usually attributed to cultural grounds. I'm trying to use patron-client relations as an explanatory model. My argument comes from the observation that since patronage supposes to be imprinted in polity behaviour and affects the way how these polities represent their interests, this instrument is utilised by leaders-patrons linked to their clients by the strong historical and cultural ties resilient to radical political transformations.
So the question is could we stretch the concept of patronage from electoral behavior to a strategy for acquiring, maintaining, and exacerbating political power from patrons? Are there any important research that I possibly miss?
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A very interesting approach
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Apologies if this sounds like a dumb question.
However
Is it acceptable that the south Korean intervention model penetrated into other spheres not relating to economics like their creative-cultural industries??
I see it as penetrating through their Strategic Narratives and Creative Cultural Industries
Thank you,
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Dear Kimchi Soft,
Your question is justified if one takes into consideration the rich literature on this topic, including:
Spence KM. (2020) Creative Seoul: A Lesson for Asian Creative Cities. In: Gu X., Lim M.K., O'Connor J. (eds) Re-Imagining Creative Cities in Twenty-First Century Asia. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-46291-8_14.
Seung-Ho Kwon & Joseph Kim (2014) The cultural industry policies of the Korean government and the Korean Wave, International Journal of Cultural Policy, 20:4, 422-439, DOI: 10.1080/10286632.2013.829052.
Seung-Ho Kwon & Joseph Kim (2014) underline that "In the early 1990s, there was a radical departure in the government’s cultural industry policy, from that of political control over the cultural industries to viewing them as central to the government’s export-focused economic development strategies. The policy of developing the cultural industries was implemented in conjunction with government investment in other strategic industries, such as the information and communication technology industries. In the 2000s, the domestic market for cultural products expanded and diversified rapidly as the Korean society enjoyed improved living standards and a growing middle class demanded improved quality from Korea’s cultural products. The rapid development of other industries also facilitated the enhanced competitiveness of Korean cultural products in global markets. As a result, Korea’s cultural industries made substantial inroads into East-Asian markets in the late 1990s and into global markets in the 2000s."
The former South Korean politician Park Geun-hye definied the creative economy in 2012-2013 and proposed various policies related to it.
At present, the Hallyu 2.0 era is considered a success by some opinion leaders. South Korea is better understood abroad and on this basis it can build its soft power easily. This can generate also wealth, new jobs and stimulate trade and investment flows.
Definitely there are also costs (Huh, D., & Lee, B.-M. Korea’s cultural industry clusters 20 years on: evolving policy and practice. Area Development and Policy, 5(4), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/23792949.2019.1680299), but the final question remains:
are the benefits larger than these costs?
All the best,
Monica
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I want to focus upon the external dimension of European Green Deal. Since I am a student of International Economics, I would prefer working within the field of International Relations/ International Political Economy.
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Energy security of European countries and the influence of geopolitical economic factors on energy dependence.
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I have a research paper coming up where I have to present a puzzle, review the relevant scholarly literature and argue for my own preferred explanation on any international security threat. I have to have a broadly defined hypothesis and my argument/ theory along with findings confirming the hypothesis. Any ideas?
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The most current is something related to this and future pandemics within the international security.
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There is consensus on the principle that cybersecurity can better be achieved through transnational cooperation rather every country or block on its own. Yet, the work undertaken under the auspices of the United Nations, namely under the General Assembly, is progressing at a very slow pace. I recently published a research article on that ongoing work at the UN in the field of cybersecurity, available at : . It confirms that progress is slow, so this raises a few questions. What is needed to improve multilateral cooperation on cybersecurity? Are there some specific topics of cybersecurity that should be prioritized in the multilateral arenas? What format (binding, non-binding, information sharing, confidence-building) should the expected deliverables have?
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thanks for your valuable question
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What is the potential of blockchain technologies (DLT) in the field of e-government, and in particular for procedures for recognition of credentials? If so, what are the specific hurdles in implementing a DLT-based solution in the context of e-administration at transnational level? I recently published a research article on blockchain, e-government and recognition which you can access and download at: (published by Elsevier, in Research in Globalization).
The fact is that beyond bitcoins and some Fintech applications, DLT / BC has led to encouraging use cases in some transnational administrative procedures, e.g. recognition of qualified exporters in the context of customs procedures, or in the field of government procurement bids. But for now that's about it. Are there other example of transnational administrative procedures where BC use cases could be developed? In my article I examine what are the opportunities and challenges of using the DLT /BC in the context of official recognition of foreign diplomas (diplomas earned abroad) by governments. Now I wish to ask the views on that from the RG community of researchers.
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Many thanks Jaroslav Dvorak, I also came to the conclusion that there is a reluctance by states to adopt new technologies in their procedures for official recognition of foreign qualifications. But isn't that odd at a time where all governments are talking about digitization of their services to citizens and e-administration? I think it is worth deepening where the obstacles are: on the administration side or on the technology developer side?
Best regards
Christian
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Hello Seniors!
Please guide me what are the names of the biggest databases of books, journals, conferences, etc for Social Sciences?
There are dozens of databases which are made for a specific field of science. Is there any specific database for Social Sciences like Political Science, International Relations, Sociology?
Thanks in advance.
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Dear Colleague,
are you interested in "the biggest" or the most relevant? You complain about "specific field of science" but ask for exactly such?
Yes, there are very general databases as well as a great number of more specific. International and national.
To guide you towards the most relevant one needs to know more about your interests.
I would rather suggest the following - if you are associated to any university (as a student, teacher, researcher) you should contact university library. Staff there conduct no research by their own, but usually is very competent in guiding students and scholars. You will learn there which databases are available for you (which are subscribed).
In short - a visit to your university library is a very good beginning.
Wish you luck
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i am planning to do PhD in International Relations. some of the areas of research are: Middle East, India - Pakistan, Afghanistan-Pakistan?
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Dr. Aamir H. Khan: Our colleague Dr.Tala Faiq has chosen a very hot and strong topic.
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Sociological and psychological factors are ignored when examining events and situations in International Relations. Do you think that sociological and psychological factors should be taken into consideration when examining the events and situations of international relations? If so, at what level should be considered; Heads of state, at the individual level, at the social level? at the state level? or comparative between states? Your answers will be invaluable. Thank you.
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I work in the area of International Relations and understand that they can only be studied from an interdisciplinary approach. Sociology is very necessary since Foreign Policy has a deep relationship with the socio-economic-cultural realities of countries and, therefore, with Internal Policy. As for psychology, I have less knowledge, but I understand that there are important dialogues to be made, not only in decision-making but also in the identity factors involved.
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I am conducting a study of South Africa-Nigeria relations from an Afrocentric perspective.
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Which theories of IR can I apply on inter-war period? Please guide
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Liberalism.
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I am writing a brief section on the American Anti-Imperialist League of the late 1800s, early 1900s. I find that most of the people in it and statements made by it oppose U.S. imperialism, in large part, for racist reasons. They don't want all those "non-white" people to be part of the United States and they think it would distort the Constitution to have people be part of the United States who are not citizens. I know a few people, like Mark Twain, held different views. But does anyone know more about non-racist reasons why people were anti-imperialists at that time? Or where I could find more about what they thought and why?  Thank you.
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Thank you Randolph. Yes, you are so right! And so many of the anti-imperialists just didn't want any non-white people in the United States and, as you point out, the many white people who were in this country were
practicing genocide against those who were here.
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Many efforts are spent to prevent, treat and stop COVID-19 spread.
but I think these efforts are fragmentary and not organized.
there is no platform for a scientific collaboration that could shorten the time of interesting findings, some nations hide some facts are a privilege of authorship or for other political reasons.
I think that all countries should a global platform for scientific collaboration.
Personally I have some ideas that could be proposed for the treatment of COVID-19 based on scientific facts but with the innovative mode of application, how and where can I try to apply them?
All nations should avoid wasting their time to find a solution for COVID-19 without international collaboration.
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I need literature (monographs, articles, strategic documents, etc), rather basic, to receive understanding about geopolitical developments in Africa.
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Zaoui Rabah Thanks al lot!
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In the discipline of International Relations, there are events where all evaluations will be turned upside down. What do you think about writing history before these events are illuminated? Is this information intentionally left in the dark? Should a separate science and discipline be established to clarify critical information in history? Examples of the events I mentioned; Did the US know in advance that there would be an attack on Pearl Harbor? Why were atomic bombs used when there was no threat to their use? Why aren't those involved with charges against humanity? Why is this described in history books as an end to an ordinary war? Who killed US President John F. Kennedy and why? What is the status of being the employees of the state where the 9/11 attacks were planned in advance and where the perpetrators were actually made? Is the world really ruled by what we are taught?
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For example, I focus on the activities of the epistemic communities in IR. The epistemic communities' relevance increase in the conditions of uncertainty.
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There have always been more poor people than rich people in any given place at any given time, though rich people would seem to fence themselves off from harm more, eat better, allocate themselves better health care, insure themselves expensively from risk, invoice their burdens on the poor, and live longer. In thousands of years, the population of the long-living rich has never come close to outstripping that of their shorter-life-spanned poor compatriots. Why is this the case?
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Hi Nyasha, the mortality rate of poor people is relatively high indeed, but so is their fertility rate, which offsets earlier demises. This contributes to a quite stable proportion between the rich and the poor.
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Why do the concepts, theories and paradigms we use to talk about international relations always come from philosophy, political science and public administration, or are these concepts based on these sciences? Will this not permanently overshadow the character of international relations as an independent discipline
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International relations cannot be understood outside the framework of political science. To demarcate the actions of the State, whether they are in the international, regional or bilateral field, of its internal power and actions, is to make a partial cut of reality.
While it is true that IR accumulates a developed and very sophisticated theoretical background, its methodology is not specific. Finally, it did not change its study or the contributions it could make at all, if one considers that IR is a subdiscipline of political science.
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We see that the establishment of international relations as a discipline and theoretical autonomy is possible by going beyond the main themes of peace and war. Can we say that the continuation of international relations as a discipline in the future will depend on the ability to go beyond the main themes and emphasize the elements such as environment, justice and health?
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The reality of globalisation, regional integration, bi-lateral cooperation and multi-national system like the United Nations and it's agencies are germane to the study of international relations and it's conceptual framework for analytical understanding and operations. As nations manage their internal affairs to advance their national interests, the study of international relations is the channel to understand the external dynamics and it's complexities to engage other nations with a view to advance their strategic national interests.
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The history of the discipline of International Relations began thousands of years, perhaps hundreds of thousands of years ago, but its main development was in the last century. It would not be wrong to start the history of international relations in the academic community from the end of the First World War. Is it possible to evaluate this discipline, which was established with the stands in the USA and the UK, as impartial and unbiased? Is England the definition of "the country that does not set sun on it", does the main definition go unnoticed? So why is it not seen as "exploiting every place on earth where the sun rises"? Why is Germany's challenge to this colonial state viewed by Britain? So why did the British perceive a very good administration and the perception that the bad Germans came and broke the order? Why is it called ideal idealism an after the First World War, where injustice was signed and the invitations to the Second World War? Whose idealism? against whom? for what? Then why did Germany, who could not cope with the harsh conditions, change the situation and was discredited by the real war-lovers? The so-called peace-loving Britain and the US did not really do anything to prevent the Second World War from being invoked by the heavy-duty treaties that followed the First World War? Why was international relations called "realist" after the Second World War? What was your idealism so that something could be understood from your subsequent realism. Why look at the world through the glasses of the United States or England? Why should we assimilate and accept the political history written and imposed on us by the rogue state that clearly exploited the previous world and the rogue state who later committed the greatest crime of humanity in Japan?
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From the perspective of a state, neutrality may be considered an instrument of foreign policy through which the State pursues its national interests. Traditionally, neutrality has fulfilled various political functions. Among those so-called “realistic functions,” the most important objective is to ensure political independence while remaining on the sidelines of armed conflicts.
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The security environment in the region is uncertain and evolving. Though the bilateral and trilateral defense interactions are increasing, might this lead to the emergence of a new regional security alignment of regional powers? Is a regional security commitment important or is it dangerous?
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تتغير ديناميات الأمن في منطقة المحيط الهندي الهندي بسرعة. ولا تُعد المنطقة موطنًا للاقتصادات الأسرع نموًا في العالم فحسب، بل أيضًا الأسرع نمواً في الإنفاق العسكري والقدرات البحرية، وهي أشد منافس على الموارد الطبيعية وأخطر البقع الإستراتيجية الساخنة. يمكنك حتى القول إنها مفتاح الأمن العالمي.  
يؤكد الاستخدام المتزايد لمصطلح "المحيط الهندي-الهادئ" - والذي يشير بدوره إلى جميع البلدان المتاخمة للمحيط الهندي والمحيط الهادئ - بدلاً من "منطقة آسيا والمحيط الهادئ"، يؤكد على الطبيعة البحرية للتوترات الحالية. لقد أصبحت محيطات آسيا على نحو متزايد ساحة للتنافس على الموارد والنفوذ. والآن، من المرجع أن الأزمات الإقليمية المستقبلية ستبدأ و / أو تستقر في البحر.
ولعل السبب الرئيس لهذا التحول هو الصين
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Help needed.
I am currently looking to come up with a research questions for my bachelor thesis. I study International Relations but I wanted to narrow down my profile towards economic because of my plans for my postgraduate education.
We agreed with my supervisor in this topic : "Forms of Capitalism and EU governance"
I am reading an enormous amount of papers and academic works for days now but I cannot come up with a research questions that successfully creates a bridge between forms of capitalism and EU.
Any ideas on the questions would be welcome. Any suggestion of papers I can read would be welcome.
Thank you
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Rej Kasi feel free to check my bachlor thesis on RG. I made a relatively comprehensive analysis of the economic conceptions rooted in the process of codifying European treaties. Even if the work is in French and applies mainly to Western and Southern Europe, the fundamentals are present. For information purposes, the work corresponds quite amply to the traditional requirements of a Bachelor thesis so it can serve as a structuring framework. To go even further in different forms of capitalism and work in European political economy, I recommend the work of Bruno Amable (2017) and Stafano Palombarini.
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Dear International relations experts/Sociologists
Weak is weak, always deserves to be supported not dictated: From individual level to country level.
Thanks for comments.
Regards
Ijaz
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Dear all,
in World trade it is often like that: the more powerful a party or union is the better the deal it gets. The smaller or weaker stakeholders are getting worse deals...
The least developed countries will get good deals but sometimes it must be questioned weather they really can cope with that or do they only get some money or market access only to deliver their goods or raw materials to the large markets and are requested to by expensive goods from the rich nations...
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the role of diplomacy in international relations
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Diplomacy is an area of specialty in International Relations that focuses on the study of tactical inter-governmental relationships aimed to advance national interests without being confrontational between/among nations. Those who are graduates of the discipline and carry out its functions on behalf of their country are called diplomats.
1. Diplomacy is the vessel for peaceful cooperation, dialogue, negotiation, cohesion and harmony between/among nations.
2. Diplomacy is the governmental channels for economic/trade, social, cultural, political and technological knowledge anchored on mutual relationships between/among nations.
3. Diplomacy is a veritable means for conflict resolution, peace-building in crisis situations between/among nations.
4. Diplomacy facilitates information, communication and knowledge exchange/sharing between/among nations.
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Will the opening up of new embassy / high comission and consulate office by a country significantly increase its export?
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It might help a little . But it does not directly affect the balance of exports.
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The EU-supported land swap plan between Serbia and Kosovo would redraw the Serbia-Kosovo partition to allow a Serbian-speaking territory in Kosovo’s north to join Serbia, while an Albanian-speaking region in Serbia’s south would join Kosovo. The stakes are high: Resolving this impasse probably would pave the way for Kosovo to gain a seat at the United Nations. And it would boost the likelihood that both Kosovo and Serbia would join the European Union and, potentially, NATO.
But there are growing concerns over a pact to partition Kosovo. Critics say it would open a “Pandora’s box” in the Balkans, with ethnically divided Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia potential flash points. Even in Albania, which borders Kosovo. What do you think about this issue?
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Dear Ardian, thanks for your comments; they help elucidating several points, but also to sustain a friendly and healthy debate over common concerns. True, ethnically cleansed countries are impossible, but if we manage to take out of our problems that one ethnically-driven gravity center, we could reduce the rest to manageable levels. The land swap would reduce Kosovo minorities to insignificant levels (and encourage their migration, much like the Greek minority in southern Albania has left the country for good), and no one could any longer claim to still keep that dagger (multiculturalism) on Kosovo polity's back. Kosovo's key independence problems are not from without but from within; they are enshrined in its constitution. In a book chapter that I just submitted to an edited volume on peacebuilding that will come out from Cambridge University Press, I advocate in favor of the pragmatic peace instead of the liberal peace. Now I am elaborating the idea even further, and claim that liberal peace in Kosovo has failed, and we should (indeed must) seek for pragmatic solutions (hence pragmatic peace). One of them is to drop multiculturalism (a clear element of liberal peace enforced upon us as an element of liberal peace), since it has helped to produce in Kosovo only negative peace (no war) but not positive peace (development). Switching model from liberal peace to pragmatic peace would allow us to explore other opportunities. This might mean tectonic shifts in domestic and international politics, but Kosovo is no stranger to those. But it takes courage, clairvoyance and national consensus instead of petty squabbling.
We have tied our interest with the EU for too long and without any clear explanation or reasons: mainly because our folks see the EU membership as an easy way to migrate (at least that's what my own public opinion polls show). But we have weakened ourselves by appearing on Brussels' doors as choice-less and desperate. This is even more outrageous when we do have true choices, and the Albania/Kosovo unification is a very clear one. And it would be more profitable for us, as it would open up enough market for us to grow, but not enough as to get squashed. By taking out the bulk of Serbs from Kosovo, land swap would remove the only barrier outside of our control toward such an unification.
Vëllazërisht!
Ridvani
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Is anyone of you aware of a systematic (or at least very broad/comprehensive) review of the literature on securitisation theory? I was just discussing this with a colleague, but besides some "state of the art" pieces by Waever, Balzacq, Stritzel etc. and the "Agents without agency" paper by Comte (which is rather systematic, but largely focused on the aspect of agency), we could find little that systematically maps out which elements of securitisation have been used how and where for which purposes.
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The special issue in Security Dialogue 2011 is very useful. I wrote a piece on the 'dual history of securitization' which does give a background (e.g. by starting from de-securitization) and historicises/contextualises its origins and findings. Available here on Research Gate both in Portuguese and as a Working Paper in English.
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What are the potential options available with regards to the Irish border, and how safe is the Good Friday Agreement in it's current form throughout the Brexit process?
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Thank you Carsten & Margaret for your answers - I think we are beginning to approach crunch time and this is where we will start to see serious proposals gain increased attention - indeed it appears brexiteers are open to less rigid approaches to the process, but I don't think my fears are assuaged just yet and hope a solution is found soon.
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De acuerdo a los rankin de las universidades se identifican items como calidad de los aprendizajes, eficiencia terminal de estudiantes en una carrera y estudiantes aprobadas, todos estos indicadores tienen relacion con la evalulaicon de los aprendizajes el enfoque de como evaluar y la formacio y capacitacion de docentes sobre las nuevas tendencias de evaluacion, de ahi, que preguntamos si las universidades seguimos  cambiando el curriculo de las carreras y cambiamos las tenicas para evaluar?
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É algo complicado. Mas é preciso confiar mais os professores no que se refere a avaliação, mas também é possível ajudar mais de perto o professor neste process. Chegar após tudo prontinho e pontuar negativamente não dá pé, né?
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Kosovar and Serbian officials have suggested a possible solution for solving the major obstacle to integrating the Western Balkans into the EU after the Name Issue of Macedonia, could be a land swap based on where ethnic Serb and Albanian minorities are concentrated — Kosovo's northern Mitrovica region for Serbia's Presevo Valley.
The flag of Kosovo is blue with a yellow geographical map of the country. Should it be changed? Or?
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The most important long run objective for the two countries is to work hard to improve long run relations by pursuing permanent peace. This will be accomplished when the two countries stabilize democracy and respect human rights for all citizens whether they are members of a majority or a minority group.This is a must for both countries in order to qualify for EU membership. Such an approach will be the long term benefit for both countries, the Balkans, the EU and Europe. As a result there is no room for extreme ultra nationalistic or religious fanatic groups to play a role. It is clear that much progress is achieved by both countries and need to continue for them to meet the Copenhagen Criteria for EU membership, As for the flag of Kosovo this can be easily arranged once trust and democracy prevail among the two countries.
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Dear all,
I am writing my PhD thesis and I need some good references to pragmatism and methodology in social science with special emphasis on abduction.
For instance, I am now reading:
"On Acting and Knowing: How Pragmatism Can Advance International Relations Research and Methodology", Jörg Friedrichs and Friedrich Kratochwil
Thank you all for your suggestions
Best
Bianca
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Thanks @Natalie Martschuk
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In 2006, Robert Ross argued that when a rising power can impact the security of a smaller state, the lesser states will accommodate rather than balance the new dominant power. His research was on the impact of the rise of China on secondary states in East Asia. I am looking for examples and literature on this phenomenon in South or Southeast Asia.
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Please refer to the works by Associate Professor Dr. Cheng-Chwee KUIK (RG: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Cheng_Chwee_Kuik), who is the foremost scholar on responses by the smaller states in Southeast Asia towards big powers (especially on China).
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For an upcoming roundtable at ISA Baltimore, I’d be happy to hear any predictions and ideas you might have about the future relationship between Canada and the United States under a Trump Administration.
Relatedly, how does this affect the relationship between Europe and Canada - will it lead to more or less cooperation in economic, security and other policy areas?
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The relationships with both Canada and Mexico will remain solid because the three nations need each other. As for internationally, he may well surprise the world. He can be compared to Theodore Roosevelt who believed the US had a great future and believed in a strong nation that considered its self interests. Time will tell.
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Talk is cheap, as the saying goes. In the case of Trump, talk - no matter how nonsensical or false it may be - is everything. So if we assume that Trump wins the presidential race, what kind of foreign policy will we see in his vision of making America great again (besides his much-touted walling-off of the US' borders to Muslims and Central Americans)? Unbiased input is greatly appreciated.
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He may well surprise the world. He can be compared to Theodore Roosevelt who believed the US had a great future and believed in a strong nation that considered its self interests. Time will tell, but it is much better than what we have experienced for the last couple of decades.
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The world is discussing and waiting for a response to the chemical attacks in Syria. I would like to know your opinion about it.
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I just found this question today on Research Gate and find it very interesting, especially in relationship to the attacks that were reported today by the President. I believe the conflict in the Middle East, in its current phase, is far from over. It will be interesting if the United States and Russia continue the dangerous maneuvering that are currently occurring in the region, bringing our two nations closer to an engagement militarily, either intentional or unintentional.
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International law presumes the equality and sovereignty of all states, irrespective of land size, population, military might, economic strength, etc. Given this presumption, and coupled with the seemingly non-existence of an international police mandated to police the actions of states, is it possible to have effective compliance with international law?
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International Law is far too reliant on sanctions and punitive coercion to be effective. That panders to nationalism and undermines the very reason for aspiring to an international order.
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Except Pin No. 8 and 10 in raspberry pi, can I use other GPIO pins for serial transmission of a sequence containing string and integers together (like the use of softwareserial in arduino)? Please help me about the ways/approaches to do that.
With regards,
Bhaskar Ghosh
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Thank you for your valuable suggestion Mr. Hrisko.
Actually for my case I am not using any arduino. I want to know if serial data read write between pi and other device (say another PC). But I need it without using dedicated serial pins/ports of rpi. I want softwareserial alternative for rpi.
Btw, the provide link is helpful for me but for other purpose.
Thanks.
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I m looking for an interesting dissertation thesis subject on the middle east studies or African Studies... I m interested in terrorism, the public diplomacy, peace conflict and the religion/sects (wahhabism etc.)...Actually I found some subjects but I think that the subjects which I found are too detailed or too specific to work on...
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1. You may undertake case study of recent "opening up" of KSA. Compare/Contrast it with one or two similar cases.
2. Is US influence waning in Middle East?
3. Geo-strategic effects of growing polarization amongst Arab States.
4. Similarities and differences in Chinese approach to Africa and Middle East.
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The right of self-determination of peoples is provided for in the Charter of the United Nations. Why can it be used for cases like East Timor (Indonesia), but can not be used for Catalonia (Spain)?
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@Rex, I would like to see the facts behind your answer. Furthermore, Serbia was occupied by Ottoman Empire for 500 years, while , not Kosovo, but Kosovo and Metohija, where within Serbia, under Ottoman Empire.
Why do Albanians do not like to use the full name? Maybe the following sentence bring the answer:
"The name Metohija derives from the Greek word μετόχια (metókhia, metochion), meaning "monastic estates" – a reference to the large number of villages and estates in the region that were owned by the Serbian Orthodox monasteries and Mount Athos during the Middle Ages..."
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In recent years we have been observing various pro-independence movements around the world such as Catalonia, Scotland, Bougainville, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Greenland, Papua, California, Guam, Faroe Islands, Azores, Kurdistan, Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau and Rapa Nui. Are we experiencing a new wave of nationalism and independence, like that of the 1960s and 1990s?
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This is probably too narrow for your interests
you might google work by Tom nairn very good
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The concept of overseas presence is usually related to geopolitics. The political purpose of a national presence somewhere may seem self-evident (a deterrence, a way of expressing an interest, signalling commitment, ensuring inclusion in political processes, etc.). However, so far I have failed to find publications that discuss the concept of (also civilian) presence in greater depth -- beyond the meaning of effective control by a sovereign over a territory, self-determination, etc. 
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You can follow the work of PRTs in Afghanistan. I got this lead while supervising one of my students.
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Despite months of media discussion, I am still confused about this, as we seem to hear nothing else nowadays from all sides other than that the Will of the People must be obeyed.   I thought that Parliament had sovereignty in these matters, but that even if Brexit had been legally binding, once a new government and PM were appointed, they were entitled to cancel (or postpone) the referendum vote, the most incompetent political policy of all time.  What is wrong with this considered opinion from The Guardian?
Is the EU referendum legally binding?
Parliament is sovereign and, if Brexit wins, Cameron will not be legally obliged to invoke the Lisbon treaty to start an EU exit
Haroon Siddique
Thursday 23 June 2016 14.52 BST Last modified on Friday 17 February 2017 11.52 GMT
The simple answer to the question as to whether the EU referendum is legally binding is “no”.  In theory, in the event of a vote to leave the EU, David Cameron, who opposes Brexit, could decide to ignore the will of the people and put the question to MPs banking on a majority deciding to remain.
This is because parliament is sovereign and referendums are generally not binding in the UK."
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The EU referendum is not legally binding. The population of the UK do not make law, parliament is the legislature. The governmnet have decided t be bound by the result of the referendum but only parliament can repeal the Treaty of European Union on the UK's behalf.
The referendum was a cheap trick to save the Conservative party from imploding, it did not work and this shambles continues to stumble from catastrophe to catastrophe.
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Dear Anurag Gangal,
It is a pity I have seen your question just now. In the "Handbook of India's International Relations" edited by David Scott (Routledge 2011) it is underscored that in 2002 the Bharatiya Janata Party took into consideration a foreign policy based on three concentric circles - immediate region, extended neighborhood and global issues - (p. xix). Under the Modi administration, India is targeting more and more the third circle, as the concept of India as a global power is not any more an illusion.
Best wishes,
Monica
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has the UN Global Counter-terrorism Strategy had any significant impact in countering terrorism particularly in Africa?
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For example, a quick search reveals news releases by the UN from 2015, 2016, and 2017. Their attacks have continued to escalate as they gain more powerful munitions from presumably government supplies they have stolen. I’m under the impression that the UN does good at pointing out terrorism but does an insufficient job at fighting terrorism. Let Bolo Haram be Exhibit A.
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New developmentalism is a theoretical framework of development economics that is developed mainly by Luis Carlos Bresser-Pereira and aims to present an alternative to the neoclassical development economics. For the most recent overview, see his paper which appeared in Review of Keynesian Economics, 2016:
Reflecting on the new developmentalism and classical developmentalism
It has a good theory of macroeconomics and a set of policies, but its microeconomics is still in the state of a draft. In particular, I believe it lacks a theory of international values. How do you think of the state of the art?
This is a question in relation to Breser-Pereira’s project:
The political economy of new developmentalism.
I posed a long question on it but it seems my question was refuted because it was too long (see the question "How do you think of microeconomic foundations of the new developmentalism?") I will post it as one of my answer to the question.
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Dear Kurt Dopfer,
thank you for the information. I have asked Harry Bloch to share his paper with me.
Yoshinori Shiozawa
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Taufiq Rafat was the Pakistani poet, who lived in USA lately. He was a wonderful poet. I want to know, if some M Phil or PHD thesis is done on Mr. Rafat?
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There are several entries in the internet on him, which I presume you can access. I also checked Google Scholar (an excellent site!) and found several entries, which I list below. But I am not certain whether they are the end results of MA & PhD work. I suspect that if you contact the authors they might give you further leads. Most of them are Pakistanis.
file:///C:/Users/MeOw/Downloads/2378-5086-1-SM.pdf
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Some authors refer to it as costumary internacional law, other as general international law. My research is focused mostly in the 2001 Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts. 
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I recommend that you read the UN General Assembly Sixth Committee debates about the status of the articles.  States (as well as scholars) take different views as to whether the content of any of the articles reflects customary international law.  The status of particular articles has also been discussed in some national and international court judgments. http://www.un.org/en/ga/sixth/71/resp_of_states.shtml.  
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I'm currently researching the phenomenon of  revolution for my honours thesis but am having trouble finding contemporary debate within the International Relations field on the topic, can anyone help direct me to where I should look? 
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As it happens, a debate between some leading scholars on the study of revolution within sociology has broken out on amsoc, the list serve set up by Charles Tilly and carried on by others. I will try to attach a Word file on the debate up to an hour or so ago and a link, although I'm not very good at this.
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Please if you do not have a theoretical framework put your answers in bullets.
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The crisis of rising expectations and the failure of the new, young leadership to bring any changes sparked events, but despite the fact that each country suffered from the same problems, their situations brought different results.  Gamal Mubarak was promising, but then disappointed.  Saif Ghaddafi, Bashir Assad and King Abdullah II are also in those molds.  However, the make up of society in Egypt is not that in Tunisia, or Libya, or Syria or Jordan.
Hence, while we can easily categorize and generalize about the causes (Iran included), the results cannot be so easily put into a theoretical model.
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I am looking for info on turkish labor camps for jews and other minorities during world war two.
Is there any evidence for construction of extermination facilities (that weren't used) i.e gas chambers and/or crematoria by Turkey during 1941-1943 for the possibility of german victory against the USSR?
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I don't know too much detaled info about your interesting but I found this short note from Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), dated on December 9, 1943 and given in Cairo.
I hope it could be a little added value to your research.
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The United Arab Emirates is planning to tow icebergs from Antarctica to its coast to solve its issues with drinking water. How it can adversely impact on Environmental and Ecological balance.
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A United Arab Emirates Company Wants to tow Icebergs From Antarctica to Combat Drought. This concept is not new as in the mid-1800s, small icebergs were towed from Antarctica to Chile for use in breweries, and another entrepreneur suggested towing icebergs to India. By the mid-1900s, oceanographer John Isaacs proposed iceberg towing as a less energy-intensive alternative to desalination.  However, it has many challenges like, wind one challenge is determining the best route to take. Currents the wind can change direction, making it difficult to move an unwieldy and massive chunk of ice. If a ship guides an iceberg relatively quickly–half a meter per second–it would take a month to cover 1,000 kilometers (currents and storms could slow it down). The trip from Antartica to the coast of Fujairah, over 10,000 kilometers, could take a year or more. Along the way, the iceberg risks melting or breaking, while the ships that tow it operate at huge expense.
Impact
Anytime we do anything, it has environmental consequences. The ship or vessels can  cause environmental harm in various way . Emission of substances to the local air and ocean, possible incidents including sinkings and groundings, ship operations unsuitable for polar conditions and the inappropriate behavior of crew ashore are the most prominent impacts. Shipping brings impacts like noise, collisions, and potential risks from oil spills; these impacts are experienced most directly by the whales that share these Arctic waters – including narwhals, beluga and bowhead whales.
Towing ice berg will cause change in water temperature and we all are aware of fact that Changes in temperature affect aquatic life. Temperature determines which organisms will thrive and which will diminish in numbers and size. For each organism there is a thermal death point. Also there is a range of temperature of that produces optimal abundance. The effects of temperature upon life of a cold blooded or poikilotherm are profound. So towing of iceberg will seriously impact the surrounded water species as the towing speed will be slow due to its size. Similarly if they are going to use plastic to wrap it , then it will add the problem of Marine litter.
No doubt, towing the ice bergs will attract more ships thus the Arctic will see more ship traffic; that much is certain. The question is what measures, precautions, regulations, and best practices will be in place to address environment and safety concerns, so as to maximize the benefits of development for northern peoples who rely on healthy Arctic ecosystems. I think in this time when climate change is significantly impacted the arctic, we humans should not go for this idea. Indeed, the world is going to need a lot of freshwater in the coming years to quench the thirst of our growing population; it’s high time that we figured out more creative and effective ways to face this imminent challenge. This idea is insane and in my opinion not environmental friendly. The Arctic is Global Common, and  before going further on this towing idea, we should have a strict EIA first. 
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Hi everybody,
Can somebody please indicate me, perhaps in a dummy way, where to get historical climate data for Brazil, Colombia and (especially) Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago and Antilles?
I’ve already explored the “traditional” sources, but I suspect there may be additional (local?) ones.
I’ve emailed some institutions of the last three countries but got no answer. I’m looking for the period 1950-2000.
Thanking you in advance, sincerely.
Paolo
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Thanks a lot!...
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Dear RG member! Maybe not exactly a scientific question. But. Couldn't resist to ask after seeing this photo from 1967 of the USSR - the Moscow festival. (Seit 1967 in Moskau das Internationale Modefestival stattfand, gibt es in den Minirock auch in der UdSSR)
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Beauty will save the world?
Not sure beauty in the look but perhaps beauty in the heart can save the world.
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I would like to find partners with common interests but different skills in the fields of Political Science, International Relations or International Organized Crime.
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Hi Ruben,
I am interested in this research. I am a Professor in a Nigerian University and this is a stumbling block to how much I can be useful to you as a research partner, However if you feel this will not be a problem feel free to include me in your request for research grant.
Best regards
Professor Akongbowa Bramwell Amadasun
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Si funciona como para mariposas y odonata, puedo enviarle patitas de especimenes de Cotinis de Nicaragua, 
Con amistad,
Jean-Michel.
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Hola Jean Michel,
normalmente patitas de Cotinis funcionan aun mejor que patitas de mariposas, porque tienen mas músculos.
Saludos,
Geert
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He's at Penn; he started off working in the Aegean, then South India, and now is working on SE Asian maritime stuff. Much of his work has been ethnoarchaeological.
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I do not, but coincidentally ordered his book on Mycenaean maritime networks last week!  Looking forward to reading it!  Thanks for the mention of his SE Asia ties.
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Dear Professors and colleges in academia, I'm writing my master degree thesis about SSR in Argentina. I would appreciate sending me any references.
Best regards. 
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Maybe this can help you
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There is a new trend in local governance in Nigeria. State governments are recently creating local council development areas (LCDAs), with Lagos setting the pace in 2003. Though, initially contentious but has come to stay, after a court ruling by the Supreme court in favour of Lagos state. Judgement declared the LCDAs inchoate, until the consequent listing in the constitution by the national assembly.
This is 14 years after and yet no consequent listing by the national assembly. But the LCDAs are been run smoothly in Lagos state, with other state copying their model.
So how then do this LCDAs differ from LGAs.
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LCDA are not recognised and listed in the 1999 Constitution. Rather, they are created by various state governments for administrative convenience and pursuit of developmental objectives. They are often perceived at some quarters as objects of partisan politics of the state governments that created them.
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Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Somebody can recommend some research group?
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See also very classical article of
-Benzing DH (1990) Vascular epiphytes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 345
-Zotz G. & Hietz P. 2001. The fisiological ecology of vascular epiphytes: current knowledge, open questions J.Exper.Bot. 52(364):2067-2078.
 
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Complainte pour L’Europe
Terre du Soleil Couchant
Grande chaudière bouillonnant en désespoir affamé
Pour retrouver les saveurs du Passé.
Tu essaies de Te projeter en avant
Sur l’énergie de Ta logique
Et d’espoirs pas encore idéalisés.
Tu invoques Ton histoire
Pour fortifier Tes fantaisies.
Tu t’accroches serrée à Ton orgueilleux moi
Gercé et corrodé par les intempéries.
Tu t’efforces de faire pousser de nouvelles fleurs
De la putréfaction de Tes mémoires tourmentées.
Tes jeunes, flairés par des équipes de chiens en laisse,
Violent-haïssent dans Tes stades
Trainés avec des allèchements électroniques
A presser de tendres et colorés boutons de plastique.
Tes vieux serpentent avec fatigue vers des ministères de la santé en ruine
Où les médecins s’amusent avec les formulaires
Et remplissent des fiches du loto sportif.
Tes voisins de l’Est—
Arrogants, sordides—
S’agrippent à Toi
En prétendant rudement ce qu’ils convoitent et leur dû.
Toi, Europe, tu es assise embaumée—
Imprégnée des jus de Ton méprisable temps qui fut.
Tes politiciens amateurs déplient des drapeaux
Et leurs pouvoirs font honte—
Font honte !—
A ce monde qui est Nôtre.
Anthony St. John
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Plz write in English?
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Se posso partecipare in qualche modo, sia qui a Parigi che a Roma abbiamo una buona casistica e si potrebbe fare uno studio multicentrico, che al momento sono molto quotati nella letteratura! 
al momento ne sto seguendo come fellow uno specifico sulle complicanze gastrointestinali al AP-HP
waiting for a kind answer
marzia cottini 
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Hei, Marzia, 
In what area of research are you thinking of collaboration? I might be interested. Thanks 
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Sugiero de que traduzcan el titulo al ingles. Pueden tener ambos, espaniol e ingles y solo de esa forma van a obtener mayor atencion a su proyecto.
Gloria
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 Sorry, in my previous answer I wrote "she"  instead of  "they". In addition, most participants in this project are male colleagues, beginning with its leader.
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Only signatories of International Treaties have to oblige them, therefore can Non-State Space Actors (NSSA) who by their nature are not signatories have to oblige Treaties? If a NSSA claims a celestial body to what extent is their a State-NSSA/NSSA-International Law/State-International Law accountability?
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Hi, see my book chapter:
‘Who Will Own Outer Space: Governance over Space Resources in the Age of Human Space Exploration,’ (2010) in Ulrike Landfester, Kai-Uwe Schrogl, and Jean-Claude Worms, ed., Humans in Outer Space – Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Vienna: SpringerWienNewYork, pp. 15-27.
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I came across a big problem when searching for documents about foreign policy goals of India. Indian official websites are full of reports which cover information about what was done (annual reports published each year and India foreign relations - last one from 2013) but none about what India is striving for.
Could anyone suggest some documents which manifest what India is planning to do on international arena and how perceives the international system?
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Dear Alan, thanks a lot!
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Cher Mr;,
Pour comprendre les  dessins analytiques et faire les correction en dessinantes fresques les futures peintres visitait les cours d'anatomy.
Je ne sait pas si cela est pratiqué aujourd'hui.
Merci de votre reponce
Marpha
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Non, tu ne le souhaites pas.
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In the framework of a school-based ethnography, What is the optimal duration (time) of the researcher presence at school, considering that the purpose of the study is to explore food practices among children via a participant observation?
Dans le cadre d'une étude ethnograhique en milieu scolaire, Quelle est la durée optimale de la résence du chercheur sur terrain, sachant que ce dernier réalise une observation participante des pratiques alimentaires des enfants?
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The specific duration of participant observation usually depends on the setting, activity, and population. For example, the researcher might spend an hour, an afternoon, or a series of afternoons in a particular setting. In this case it would be important accurately planning in advance your engagements (lunch, breaks,etc...and the time  after the session in order to write down your immediate considerations).   I believe that a couple of weeks would be the ideal timeline.
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Salve prof Castorina,
sono una studentessa che viene da sc. motorie dell'università di Catania.
Feci la mia tesi di laurea con la buonanima della prof Carnazza, la quale poi mi affidò a lei o al prof Musumeci.
Ho completato i miei studi ad Foro Italico, specializzandomi all'indirizzo internazionale "Health and Physical Activities".
Ho fatto una tesi riguardo le cadute degli anziani e il danneggiamento dei lobi frontali.
Le potrebbe interessare? 
Cordiali saluti
Francesca Borzì 
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Cara Francesca,
grazie per avermi contattato. L'argomento potrebbe ricadere nello scopo della Special Issue, sebbene l'interesse primario e' sui meccanismi patofisiologici e strategie di trattamento. Se tu riuscissi a ri-editare la tesi o parte di essa focalizzando gli aspetti indicati di seguito potrebbe venirne fuori un bel Review Article.
1) Tipo di danno causato dal trauma da caduta sul cervello. (Perche' solo il lobo frontale? Spesso gli anziani urtano la testa lateralmente o cadendo all'indietro!
2) Cenni sui meccanismi patologici che si innescano.
3) Conseguenze cognitive e decorso (con enfasi su danno motorio e/o insorgenza di dolori cronici se presenti)
4) Strategie terapeutiche attualmente utilizzate
5) Prospettive per il futuro (in che direzione sta andando la ricerca) e conclusioni (considerazioni oggettive e soggettive)
Spero che questo sia d'aiuto. Fammi sapere come intendi procedere.
Cordiali saluti,
Alessandro
(qui i titoli non si usano, niente formalita'....va benissimo Alessandro) 
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Estimados colegas, ¿sería posible colaborar en este proyecto?
Saludos desde Barcelona.
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sí que suena como un proyecto interesante.
yes it sounds like an interesting project.
Nick
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BRN, PULO, Jemaah Islamiyah, Abu Sayyaf and so forth.
the return of foreign train fighters and what this means to counter insurgency & terrorist groups within the region.
how government policy both domestic and foreign can aim to counter the rise, plus changes in tactics
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For the moment the school project is limited to the countries where we have done the research, Colombia, Brazil and Bosnia. It would be great if the research could be expanded to the countries that you suggest, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia. Would be glad to help.
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The latest appointment to the Supreme Court of the United States Judge Neil Gorsuch has robustly criticised the use of courtrooms as a forum for social change. He states that this is bad for both democracy and for civil justice.
In view of the role of courts as interpreters of our laws, elected representatives as makers of our laws and our executive as those who implement them, the state of affairs we call the separation of powers does he have a point?
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Judge Gorsuch is correct in his assertions (and through his opinions) that the court is no place for social activism. We often hear conservatives loudly decrying "activist" judges (every time a ruling goes against their particular social engineering desires). However, it apparently depends on which political party you belong as to how (and what) you define as "social activism." Gorsuch was nominated (and the conservatives are supporting him precisely on this basis) because they believe he will support their fondest project of "social activism" ... the overturning of Roe-v-Wade ... and thereby, achieving their fondest social-engineering project of outlawing abortion throughout America.
As a progressive-liberal, I fully realize that not objecting to Judge Gorsuch runs counter to the dogma of my own political "party," who have become as guilty as the conservatives on the other side in trying to choose "biased" justices for the Supreme Court, who will favor their particular "social engineering" objectives.
I believe both parties err in seeking biased "activist" judges, and particularly in this case conservatives err badly, believing Judge Gorsuch will allow his personal biases to interfere in interpretation of the law, and go against against abortion in his findings, no matter how (venerable or how) settled the law is on this issue. Yes, he is a "textualist" (in the same vein as Scalia, except his genteel legal scholarship and magisterial demeanor are very different than that of the abrasive arrogance of Scalia ... who IMO often permitted his personal biases and hyper-inflated ego, to make an ass of himself and the law), who I believe is less likely to interject social biases (or a puffed-up ego) into his findings.
Textualism is a formalist theory that primarily interprets the law based on the ordinary meaning of the legal text, and not considering non-textual sources such as intention of the law when passed, the problem it was intended to remedy, or significant questions of the justice and rectitude of the law. Consequently, textualists (on the Supreme Court) tend to have difficulty in interpreting law relating to social issues (or any point of law) that is not expressly set out in the constitution. Conservatives (especially the anti-abortion activists) support Gorsuch because they believe (wrongly, I think) that Gorsuch is a "strict constructionist" that can be counted-on to overthrow Roe-v-Wade, for the simple-minded reason that the constitution does not expressly authorize it. But (IMO) they err.
Strict constructionism is often misused by laypersons and critics as a synonym for textualism. Nevertheless, although a textualist can be a strict constructionist, they are separate views: Justice Scalia, himself, for example, warns that "[t]extualism should not be confused with so-called strict constructionism, a degraded form of textualism that brings the whole philosophy into disrepute. I am not a strict constructionist, and no one ought to be... A text should not be construed strictly, and it should not be construed leniently; it should be construed reasonably, to contain all that it fairly means." Similarly, textualism should not be confused with the [now deprecated] "plain meaning" approach, a simpler theory used prominently by the Burger Court in cases such as Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill, which looked to the dictionary definitions of words, without reference to common public understanding or context.
So, I do not find the nomination of Judge Gorsuch to be objectionable (in fact, his is the first nomination of Trump's to an important position that is not an obviously deplorable or despicable choice), PRECISELY because I believe he will not engage in "social activism" but will interpret the law (perhaps a bit too "textually," yes, but that is a defect less dangerous than being socially biased) and not be affected by social currents nor attempt to "moralize" from the bench. 
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ISIS modus operandi is highly sophisticated. In Pakistan the terrorist activities are all traditional suicide bombing with a "fidai" wearing a jacket. 
Acknowledging any such activity add to their so called terror profile and their expansionist desire.
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Seema, if you  want to set up a scenario with ISIS involvement in Baluchistan, you have to focus on the following issues :
1, On which side could that happen ? Pakistani government,   the rebels or as a third force, of its own?  What are the pro and contra arguments ? 
2, What could be the gain for ISIS in Baluchistan? Either of its central leadership, either of its self-proclaimed cell from Pakistan.
3, What are the possibilities for ISIS recruitment, and what can be the reactions for an "oficialized" presence of the ISIS?  Be aware, it is not only about Pakistani central government and different non-state actors from Pakistan, but of its neighbors and great powers too.
If you focus on these question, it will be a fine article. Of course, you have to prove your knowledge of the place where your scenario is set. Which requires a serious bibliography. Also, your individual ideas has to be based on facts and lessons from the past.
I hope I managed to help.
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I'm examining the effect on domestic politics of recognition from international society.  That is, when international society recognises a certain situation in a nation it causes change to occur (when a bunch of other conditions are also met).
My other independent variables are all accounted for, but I'm having trouble operationalising the process of legitimation from the international community.
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If you have access via library or other source to 'Global Institutions and development' edited by Morten Bøås and Desmond McNeill (2004), a useful chapter to read is #14 (The power of ideas by James J Hentz). When policy ideas gain international currency (i.e. global legitimacy), many national governments start considering how they can incorporate these into the domestic political arena.
One example I've looked at was the idea of 'freedom of information' (related also to data protection issues) that came to the fore in OECD member nations during the early 1980's. As a result, many of these nations introduced legislation aimed at giving citizens better access to government information and the right to correct errors in own personal data recorded therein. This, of course, does not mean that access to information actually was free nor improved in next one or two decades but at least provided grounds for citizens to raise complaints, queries and agitation...!
There are quite a few 'good practice' reports/manuals in the OECD resource library that document ideas tried out in developing countries (as well as advanced economies) that have achieved international recognition and been spread as 'good' if not 'best 'practice. The bureaucrats in many countries reference this when introducing policy policy proposals to their government/ ministry.
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Dear members,
We need psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, managers and economists in the group. You may find interest to join and participate specifically in:
Sincerely,
Adrian Toader-Williams