Science topics: Political ScienceInternational RelationsInternational Affairs
International Affairs - Science topic
Explore the latest questions and answers in International Affairs, and find International Affairs experts.
Questions related to International Affairs
Senior Leaders in higher ed have the power to make and execute changes. Yet, data show that the leaders’ gender, race/ethnicity (Johnson, 2021), inexperience in leadership style, and their predecessors' policies and informal groups (Fagan et al., 2022; Guo et al., 2020; Javeed et al., 2019; Marchiondo et al., 2021) can impact their power/influence in the making decisions or implementing anti-racist policies. This influence continues to adversely affect the Black, Indigenous, People of Color (BIPOC) geoscientists on campuses and neighboring communities (Wolfe & Riggs, 2017).
What else am I missing?
Guo, Y., Zhu, Y., & Zhang, L. (2020). Inclusive leadership, leader identification and employee voice behavior: The moderating role of power distance. Current Psychology, 41, 1301-1310.
Javed, B., Abdullah, I., Zaffar, M., Haque, A., & Rubab, U. (2019). Inclusive leadership and innovative work behavior: The role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Management & Organization, 25(4), 554-571.
Johnson, G. (2021). Gender, diversity, and the United States judiciary. SAIS Review of International Affairs, 41(1), 61-71.
Marchiondo, L. A., Verney, S. P., & Venner, K. L. (2021). Academic leaders' diversity attitudes: Their role in predicting faculty support for institutional diversity. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 1-10.
Wolfe, B. A., & Riggs, E. M. (2017). Macrosystem analysis of programs and strategies to increase underrepresented populations in the geosciences. Journal of Geoscience Education, 65, 577-593.
I have to write my bachelor's thesis on international relations and I'd like to dissert on children's legislation, with a comparison between east Asia (Japan or South Korea) and Europe. Does anybody know about some cases that may have entailed both?
Given the enormous diversity and versality of areas that International Relations can encompass, ranging from International Law to Political Economy, what is the current state of traditional theory in the field?
In other words, are departments and scholars worldwide still inclined upon broad theoretical questions related to basic schools such as neorealism, neoclassical realism, and power transition theory? Or has the field moved on to more narrowed down models and the status for those who are still oriented towards big theoretical question is not favorable?
If there is any literature or article available with quantitative data regarding the latest growing trends of research typology in International Relations, it would be a welcomed read.
As I legal scholar when I am doing my research I differentiate legal and non-legal sphere in international relations - international law and international politics. There are several differences between the legal and political approach to international relations.
Is there a similar difference between diplomacy and international politics? Should we differentiate between international politics and international diplomacy, what is the difference? Let's say that I want to say that "something" is insignificant in a legal sense but it is significant in a non-legal sense. Is there a difference if something is significant in diplomatic sense and if something significant in a political sense?
In sum. What is the difference between diplomatic and political aspects of an issue?
I was trying to find texts of some of the capitulations treaties of the Ottoman Empire with European powers, as I am preparing study material. However, I was able to find only doctrinal sources (articles) quoting them, but no full text or parts of their texts.
Can anyone help me where to find their texts, ideally online in english. It can be any typical capitulations agreement like with England, France, Venice, Russia or any other. Just to give some examples in the study book to prove the point what they were about.
Thank you in advance!
I am currently looking for relevant literature concerning international competition as I interested in the effects it may have on science diplomacy.
I hope you had a wonderful Christmas. Im very much interested in teaching and I would like to ask your views on a highly ( to me at least) interesting topic. There are probably as many methods of teaching methods as there are lecturers but here are a few types accepted in literature.
- Student-Centered / Constructivist Approach.
- Inquiry-Based Learning.
- Flipped Classroom.
- Cooperative Learning.
- Personalised Education.
Which one do you use and why?
Best wishes Henrik
With unprecedented and devastating effect, do you think corona virus outbreak can contribute reshaping global order?
Iam writting related Thesis Research about New seurity threaths? Whethere its biological or nchemical weaponused for independent purpose. today its more transmitted, dangerous and active,. before security was state centric tradiotn treaths from other externatl state, but it broader during new system shifted As acrot htrought international affairs us soft power advanted to project power,They , creatining division beteween society, and shape and govern there beliedf. I want expert and posiible suggestion of literatury. To explained Human secuirt, soft power, new wars.
The Duke and Duchess of Sussex announced their plans to keep their castle in England, and, in addition, to live in Canada and also to stay for part of the year in California. Further, they love Africa and they frequently make trips to Australia, New Zealand, and enjoy visiting the Orient.
The issue of success and what is behind it as the very definition of is something that has been debated since the advent of man. If we approach the subject from a monetary view most scholars probably agree that the best predictors of success if we think in terms of hierarchies, whether it is a dominance or competence hierarchy , depending on which perspective you adopt is general cognitive ability and conscientiousness. Something I noted is that most researchers, especially psychologists underestimate the sociocultural aspects.
My question is that if you were to create a model, predicting success, which factors would you include? Can gender be a predictor? Race? Can we also approach the subject from a social constructionist standpoint? Perhaps biology? Would you look at the individual as an idiosyncratic being or would you expand your scope also to encompass culture and institutions?
What are your thoughts?
Best wishes Henrik
In the field of international business the trend has been a move towards globalisation and integration. However research has shown that lately most government policies have been of a protectionist nature. How do you view the field of IB and trade develop in the near future? Further globalisation or a move in the opposite direction?
Also how will firms in your view adapt to the new reality? If there is a change? I co-authored an article ( Case study) dealing with potential managerial implications with regards to a changing business environment, the article can be found here:
Best wishes Henrik
This is a theoretical question that endeavors to address contemporary issues. My frame of reference is that world peace is the ideal. In conflict situations, what form of geopolitical combat might be the best or the most effective pathway to peace and national and international security?
How this coopration may change the regional balance of power and if the Persians deciding to such variant of cooperation will be able to protect themselves from the political protectorate?
My question is simple, how do you view decision making in SME who are in the process of internationalisation or has already passed the stage of internationalisation. Is there any difference compared to larger firms? Is sarasvathy ( 2001) right in her assumption that firms dealing with a high level of uncertainty often opt for an effectual logic?
I co- authored an article about this that can be found here:
Should a manned mission to Mars, which could be implemented in a few years, be an international mission, or rather a national one, inspired and organized according to the familiar concept of the 1970s, of international rivalry of the leading economically and politically largest countries?
Apparently a manned mission to the planet Mars is now technically possible.
Researchers working on space exploration programs argue that it is technically possible that humans already have the necessary technology to carry out a two-year manned mission to Mars.
First of all, it is necessary for the US President to issue a program of a manned mission to Mars.
A similar program in the 1980s was announced by then US President John F. Kennedy.
The plan of a manned mission to the moon was fully realized at that time.
However, the current mission to Mars, technically possible, would require large financial outlays for the implementation of this mission.
Perhaps it would be necessary to organize an international consortium that would organize an international manned mission to Mars.
Maybe it could also be an international crew of this mission?
Then mission costs could be spread over several countries and it would have global significance in terms of international cooperation.
The previous analogous manned space mission, i.e. the manned expedition to Earthly Princes in the 1970s, had the significance of political rivalry between the then US and the Soviet Union.
It was a symbolic technological race.
Is the planned manned mission to Mars also inspired by this type of international competition, for example between the US and China or possibly also some other countries?
China is rapidly developing technologically, aspiring to become a global powerhouse in a few years time. 1 not only in the scope of production of various goods and economic growth but also in the matter of having the most modern innovative technologies implemented in various economic applications.
In the US, a very large, historically high public debt can be a significant finns barrier to finance and thus the USA will organize a manned mission to Mars in the next few years.
If this mission to Mars is mainly inspired by this new international rivalry in terms of having technological capabilities, it is currently difficult to predict which country will win the race and be the first to organize manned missions to Mars?
In view of the above, I ask you with the following question: Should a manned mission to Mars, which could be implemented in a few years be an international mission, or rather a national one, inspired and organized according to the familiar concept of the 1970s, of international rivalry leading economically and politically the largest countries?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Sometimes, it is not required chemical or nuclear weapons for mass destruction, and unsafe storage of chemicals such as Ammonium nitrate is good enough for the mass destruction. Massive damages at the Ports of Texas in 1947 and Beirut in 2020 are bitter examples of unsafe handling of chemicals such as ammonium nitrate.
Therefore, unsafe storage and handling of such chemicals within the boundaries of international ports should be regulated.
Since this is an international concern, I would like to discuss this matter with relevant experts.
Many universities in Germany collaborating internationally with partner universities to promote master study programs. I am interested to know more about the strategies of European universities to attract international bachelor students.
ALL ARE WELCOME to contribute on availability of vaccines, medical supplies, status of the medical services, emergency services, immigration monitoring...What are the new developments in different countries/regions???
Consumption of wild animals is bound with the rural economy in developing countries. Sometime, demand for Wild Animal Foods (WAF) is very high in developed countries too.
However, experts think the Coronavirus transmitted from live animals to human through the food. If this is a truth, impacts of consumption of wild animals on Global Economy is significant, and enforcement of lows at international level is essential to control this.
I would like to discuss about the feasibility of enforcement of lows at national and international level to control WAT.
Is there research on which INGOs / NGOs / CSOs have refused donor funding, with which donors, and for what reasons? If not collected systematically anywhere, could you share examples you know of?
(note: by this, I do not mean governments disallowing NGOs to accept funds from certain donors or foreign funding, but INGOs / NGOs / CSOs making these choices outside of those political directives).
- Some INGOs have refused funding that militarized aid in Afghanistan: https://www.globalpolicy.org/ngos/48582-usaid-rejects-ngo-concerns-over-aid-militarization.html
- Some INGOs refused to comply with the global gag rule and did not accept the terms of USAID funding: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2017/jan/25/us-foreign-aid-abortions-affect-ngos
- Palestinian NGOs have refused EU donor conditions: https://www.ngo-monitor.org/reports/palestinian-ngos-reject-eus-anti-terror-funding-requirement/
- Some NGOs refused US funding during the Vietnam war (The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War, p. 1182)
- MSF explicitly restricts government / public money it accepts (not entirely, but at a low level): https://www.doctorswithoutborders.ca/msf-2018-facts-and-figures
BWE was opened for signature in 1972 and entered into force in 1975. Now, it is 45 years old.
However, in some fields, effective implementation of BWC is still behind the Chemical weapon convention (CWC).
I would like to discuss this matter with National Authorities of state parties to BWC, and analysts.
I am working on a strategic project where I am going to design strategies to attract international students for a new program that we recently started. What are the marketing strategies European universities experimenting with in order to attract more international students?
Please exclude Online Marketing & Social media from the discussion below.
The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) has opened a discussion on the contribution of technology to democracy.
Does anyone have any ideas on how technology might be used to improve democracy or, on the other hand is it being used more often to undermine it?
The Chatham House Question:
Are there ways in which technology can help revitalise democracy in Europe?
Although digital technology and in particular social media is often seen as a driver of the current crisis of liberal democracy, it may also be part of the solution. Across Europe, citizens have used digital technology to experiment with new forms of communication and mobilization and parties and governments have used digital technology to involve citizens. What lessons can be learned from these experiments? Do any of them offer promising ways of engaging citizens more deeply in the democratic process in Europe?
Any ideas? Sensible ones that is!
I am currently looking to come up with a research questions for my bachelor thesis. I study International Relations but I wanted to narrow down my profile towards economic because of my plans for my postgraduate education.
We agreed with my supervisor in this topic : "Forms of Capitalism and EU governance"
I am reading an enormous amount of papers and academic works for days now but I cannot come up with a research questions that successfully creates a bridge between forms of capitalism and EU.
Any ideas on the questions would be welcome. Any suggestion of papers I can read would be welcome.
The Africa Portal, a digital scholarly platform of the Center for International Governance Innovations/The South Africa Institute of International Affairs just published my opinion piece. See the link below:
What do you think about the role of international financial institutions in the process of reducing development disparities between countries and in the issue of supporting sustainable development?
What is your opinion on the assessment of the activities of international financial institutions in reducing development differences between countries, reducing income disparities, supporting poorer and developing countries?
Do international financial institutions adequately support investment projects developed according to the concept of sustainable pro-ecological development?
When we talk about conflict contagion and diffusion mechanisms, what happens when in one country the fighting stops, would it also stop across the border? I am planning at looking at mechanisms of conflict diffusion and look at how the halt or possible reversal of said mechanism actually affects the conflict propensity in the other country. Basically a supply side argument.Would you suggest a different angle?
This project is for a Masters degree in HR & International Management, therefore requirement is to combine the knowledge, theories and frameworks of 'People Management' and 'International Management' in practical situations. The focus must be on managing people in an international context.
As I have an interest in International Relations and International Organisations, I am thinking about focusing on International and Multilateral Organisations such as - UN, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, OIC or those like International Olympics Committee etc, FIFA etc.
Currently, I am thinking in the direction of practices of inclusion, ensuring equality and fair opportunities in terms of recruitment/selection and progression. This would look to research if citizens of all member states (Developed and developing; powerful and less influential on global scale) are given equal chance and if the recruitment and promotions are done based on merit or governmental lobbying.
Would anyone have suggestions regarding this topic. Would you recommend it? Any suggestions on methodology? Any similar or more specific research questions to base the project on?
International law presumes the equality and sovereignty of all states, irrespective of land size, population, military might, economic strength, etc. Given this presumption, and coupled with the seemingly non-existence of an international police mandated to police the actions of states, is it possible to have effective compliance with international law?
International Court of Justice has played an important role in providing Economic Justice and Political Justice through various decisions. However, when we talk about Social Justice I am little sceptical about the fact whether there are any cases through which ICJ has provided social justice.
I will be glad if I get the opinions or any research work of the various experts present here on this topic.
want to know how ethnic conflict in Libya started,its causes and the prospect of peace
Warmerdam, W. and M. P. van Dijk (2013), “China-Uganda and the Question of Mutual Benefits,” South African Journal of International Affairs, 20(2): 271-295.
Warmerdam, W. and M. P. van Dijk (2013), “Chinese State-Owned Enterprise Investments in Uganda: Findings from a Recent Survey of Chinese Firms in Kampala,” Journal of Chinese Political Science, 18(3): 281-301.
the Feminization of Migration Which is the recent tendency of Mexican Migration to the United States?
Since the first world war, Russia, or USSR, and most recently The Russian federation appears to be a region that certainly presents unique features in terms of conflict, tension, resources, hegemony and ideology. Recent events with the Ukraine testify to a specific political agenda that aims to build a barrier that distinguishes the region with clear demarcation lines from Westernn Europe.Little is known about the geopolitical schools of thought of the region, especially with geopolitics more and more taught in Business schools and other university courses. Are there any reasons in your opinion why this is so?
in Algerian financial low, the contribution of national operators is limited in minimum 51 % of social capital of joint venture structures, against a maximum of 49% for the foreign parties, which can cause a main problems according the foreign part; including the blocking of the international technology transfer. can some one here explain me more how this can hapen
I am looking for info on turkish labor camps for jews and other minorities during world war two.
Is there any evidence for construction of extermination facilities (that weren't used) i.e gas chambers and/or crematoria by Turkey during 1941-1943 for the possibility of german victory against the USSR?
Is the work being carried out in other Jurisdictions going to be useable in an Australian Jurisdiction or is it only directly related to the legilsation within that country?
Dear Professors and colleges in academia, I'm writing my master degree thesis about SSR in Argentina. I would appreciate sending me any references.
Local political involvement including participation in voting, running for office?
BRN, PULO, Jemaah Islamiyah, Abu Sayyaf and so forth.
the return of foreign train fighters and what this means to counter insurgency & terrorist groups within the region.
how government policy both domestic and foreign can aim to counter the rise, plus changes in tactics
Many times I thought what is the United Nations for? Their people are meeting most of the days and nights and we see political conflicts and wars are getting more and more. I began to discuss an eminent Third World War together with other research gate members. I have great hope that stopping alcohol may lead to resolve many political conflicts spontaneously.
I have never heard that anybody raised this issue in UN. Why?! Do they fear alcohol Mafias? Do they like alcohol or think that alcohol is more useful than harmful?
Given the recent political developments in several European countries and the US, we could expect increasing policy efforts toward economic protectionism, barriers to immigration, and perhaps, in some cases, a growing emphasis on local, traditional values in contrast to cultural liberalization and diversity.
It has been argued for some time now that there is a backlash against globalization underway in many Western countries, even if international trade and finance, and to a lesser extent immigration, have come mostly to a halt since the crisis of 2008.
In your opinion, how far could this growing trend go? What effects could we expect on the economy, politics, and society?
How could it affect science?
Your answer will help me in my PhD thesis
How Russia understand its relations with Iran?
Does Iran-Russia relations after the nuclear deal shaped in strategic level How U.S and Israel see the strategic partnership between Iran and Russia?
The world, as we know, is plagued with various forms of violence, terrorism being one. The year 2016, has been experiencing rampant terror attacks in different parts of the globe. As part of the world community, how can we stop terror operatives and organisations from causing such havoc to the people residing in almost every part of the planet.
Since independence and emergence of both these nations, Kashmir has been in the centre of all bilateral talks and debates. Even after more than 6 decades, it continues to hold the same position. Therefore, can it be the 'core issue' ?
Kashmir has been a source of perennial contention between the two countries. The region has put South Asia into the nuclear map of the world, and both developing countries are spending a major chunk of their resources and GDP for military purpose. One can always say that South Asia is not heading towards a peaceful future, majorly because of Kashmir. So how can the issue be mitigated ?
there are other options like the UN, Diplomatic Conference, EU...
I'm working on this topic: GCC Arab perceptions towards the Philippines and Filipinos. Looking for related literature on this.
Studies about Arab perceptions towards Southeast Asian countries will also help - like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, etc.
Can someone give me a simple explanation in regards to Sierra Leonean diamonds and the these theories.
One of the main debates that have existed around the International Political Economy (IPE) has been the definition of the object of research regarding International Economics (IE) and International Relations (IR). It would be very valuable to know in depth the positions that have developed about topic in regions such as Latin America, East Asia, North America, Western Europe, among others.
I want to find out how the annexation of Crimea and the resulting EU sanctions effect the migration workers in russia and the ukraine.
Any papers, articels or feeds are useful!
On the basis of the concept/interpretation of (an) International Society (English School of IR). Can we allege reasons for having a (effective or even formal) world police/executive branch (currently US lead) as a societal institution. And other states as a counterweight, acting as checks and balances (like Russia, China), as a kind of societal control institution or as a substitute for (the role of) the civil society.
In positive perspective: explaining the factual/current societal roles of states. And/or normatively: suggesting that—in the assumed framework of an International Society—there should be the particular role of a police as well as division of powers.
I am preparing my PhD proposal and my topic is set " Social Media and Terrorist Propaganda". As I have stated above, I have come up with 2 questions that are both related but different in nature. I am searching for theories and methods that would fit my research questions. My ideas are still shaping so, any comment is welcome.
The Table is in the attached file
I'd be very greatful If you could tell me which countries have ratified the ACHR.
Recently, I am doing an research of analyzing the bills of Congress. We need to get the subject codes which describe the bills using phrases which correspond to traditional issues such as Civil rights and National security. I want to get these phrases to describe the issue so that I can apply the labeled-LDA model. Where can I get these tags or subject codes? Thank you very much!
I need your contribution for compiling project proposal for Balochistan province having below three themes:
Your valuable comments will highly be appreciated
Do you know any good academic books that are top quality, by established scholars, which have researched the way Western media such as BBC, CNN have reported on Middle Eastern conflicts (the Iraq wars, the Palestine - Israel conflict)?
I have trouble finding a text with a more or less precise definition of what is to be understood as environmental peacebuilding. I found that scholars are often either working with the term environmental peacemaking or just use the term environmental peacebuilding without defining it or explaining how it differs from other concepts such as environmental peacemaking.
Text suggestion would be wonderful and much appreciated.
President Hassan Rouhani and one his advisors initially suggested Tehran could cooperate with Washington on countering IS militants. But senior military, political and religious leaders, including Rouhani, have increasingly criticized Western responses to the crisis and blamed U.S. policies for the emergence of IS. “We are strongly against the interference of the US and others in Iraq’s internal affairs and do not approve of it, because we believe that the Iraqi government, nation and religious authority are capable of ending this sedition and will end it, God willing" Khamenei words.
Problem: More and more countries are getting involved in the globalized world, partly by strengthening such transnational communities as the European Union and the AEC (ASEAN Economic Comunity). The free movement of the workforce and of students is a fact in this regard. Besides the need for comparable transcripts there is also the need for the secure exchange of such data between national authorities.
What are current activities in setting up data international exchange standards (such as EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Transport, United Nations) for educational institutions?
In November 2013 Iran and P5+1 Group negotiated plan of action to end the dispute over Iran's nuclear program. The plan included: limiting the number of elements of its nuclear program, unlock a small part of Iran's banking assets. The validity of the conditions of this plan was extended first in July and then in November 2014. According to the latest schedule of works: political agreement with Iran has to be negotiated in March 2015, while the comprehensive technical agreement to 30 June 2015. The available information indicates that Iran has already agreed to the reconstruction of the reactor in Arak (will be difficult to obtain plutonium). In Fordow and Natanzie Iran is still trying to keep many centrifuges, which can be used to enrich uranium to the level required for nuclear warhead. P5 + 1 Group is ready to continue negotiating the number of centrifuges, and also demand stricter IAEA inspection system to detect and warn speed up work on uranium enrichment. Unfortunately unclear is the length of validity of the definitive agreement.
SMEs require a different approach to CSR than large corporations because they amongst others do not have the same means. Trade associations may play a vital role due to their close connection to SMEs and governments wishing to promote CSR may regard them as a suited partner to achieve this: do you think that within your country this is a way to go?
I am working on Identifying the major determinants of Capital Flight from Pakistan. Most of the fleeing capital routed through illicit practices (unrecorded one). While enquiring on these practices as i can across Hundi and Hawala, i cannot understand the difference, infact i cannot understand fully Hundi, is it like cross cheque?
I've read articles from dubious sources across the web about this problem. Most of them claim that the IMF structural adjustment plans (SAPs) lock poor countries into a debt cycle, which results in a decrease in funding for public goods such as education.
Would love to hear some researchers shed light on the consequences of the actions of these three large international organizations.
Are the anti-corruption activities by the US department of state ethical or interest motivated activities?
Below is a link for the "Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)" under the department of state web site show an article about the US effort for 'Combating Crime and Corruption'.
My area of research is assisted dying and I'm currently discussing the challenges of policy transfer between countries.
The social, economic and political impacts of Herero/Nama uncompensated land expropriation is hard heating through increased poverty on these communities that suffered Germany genocidal atrocities. How do you restore the lost land in order to improve the community's living conditions without causing economic meltdown. What restoration best mechanisms that can win international support and mutual assistance among the stakeholders seeing that the current trend in Namibia is socially and economically unsustainable because of the current land reform dynamics in South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Which initiatives do you think are "compelling" to achieve the aim of integration?